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Encyclopedia > Robert Penn Warren
Robert Penn Warren
Robert Penn Warren

Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic, and was one of the founders of The New Criticism. He was also a charter member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. While most famous from the success of his novel All the King's Men (1946), Warren also won two Pulitzer Prizes for his poetry. Image File history File links Warren_robert_penn. ... Image File history File links Warren_robert_penn. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... New Criticism was the dominant trend in English and American literary criticism of the early twentieth century, from the 1920s to the early 1960s. ... The Fellowship of Southern Writers is a literary organization headquartered at the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga. ... Cover of All the Kings Men This article is about the book. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...



Warren was born in Guthrie, Kentucky on April 24, 1905. He graduated from Clarksville High School (TN), Vanderbilt University in 1925 and the University of California, Berkeley in 1926. Warren later attended Yale University and obtained his B. Litt. as a Rhodes Scholar from New College, Oxford, in England in 1930. That same year he married Emma Brescia, from whom he divorced in 1951. He then married Eleanor Clark in 1952. They had two children, Rosanna Phelps Warren (b. July 1953) and Gabriel Penn Warren (b.July 1955). Though his works strongly reflect Southern themes and mindset, Warren published his most famous work, All the King's Men, while a professor at The University of Minnesota and lived the latter part of his life in Fairfield, Connecticut, and Stratton, Vermont. He also received a Guggenheim Fellowship to study in Italy during the reign of Benito Mussolini. He died on September 15, 1989 of complications from bone cancer. Guthrie is a city located in Todd County, Kentucky. ... April 24 is the 114th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (115th in leap years). ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... Vanderbilt University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... Rhodes House in Oxford Rhodes Scholarships were created by Cecil John Rhodes. ... College name New College of St Mary Collegium Novum Oxoniensis/Collegium Sanctae Mariae Wintoniae Named after Mary, mother of Jesus Established 1379 Sister College Kings College Warden Prof. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... Eleanor Clark (July 6, 1913 – 1996) was an American writer. ... Cover of All the Kings Men This article is about the book. ... Washington Avenue Bridge at night The University of Minnesota, Twin Cities, almost always abbreviated U of M, and sometimes referred to as The U by locals, is the oldest and largest part of the University of Minnesota system. ... Fairfield is a town located in Fairfield County, Connecticut, United States. ... Stratton, Vermont Stratton is a town located in Windham County, Vermont. ... Guggenheim Fellowships are awarded annually by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation to those who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts. ... Mussolini holding a speech. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Robert Penn Warren commemorative stamp

While still an undergraduate at Vanderbilt, Warren became associated with the group of poets there known as the Fugitives, and somewhat later, during the early 1930s, Warren and some of the same writers formed a group known as the Southern Agrarians. He contributed "The Briar Patch" to the Agrarian manifesto I'll Take My Stand along with 11 other Southern writers and poets (including fellow Vanderbilt poet/critics John Crowe Ransom, Allen Tate, and Donald Davidson). In "The Briar Patch" the young Warren defends racial segregation, in line with the traditionalist conservative political leanings of the Agrarian group -- although Davidson deemed his stances in the essay so progressive that he argued for excluding it from the collection.[1] However, Warren recanted these views in the 1950s by writing an article in Life Magazine on the Civil Rights Movement and adopted a high profile as a supporter of racial integration. He also published Who Speaks for the Negro, a collection of interviews with black civil rights leaders including Malcolm X, in 1965, further distinguishing his political leanings from the more conservative philosophies associated with fellow Agrarians such as Tate, Cleanth Brooks, and particularly Davidson. Image File history File links RobertPennWarren. ... The Fugitives were a group of poets and literary scholars who came together at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennesee around 1920. ... The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... The Southern Agrarians or Vanderbilt Agrarians were a group of 12 American Traditionalist writers and poets from the Southern United States who joined together to publish the Agrarian manifesto, a collection of essays entitled Ill Take My Stand in 1930. ... Agrarianism is a social and political philosophy. ... John Crowe Ransom (April 30, 1888, Pulaski, Tennessee- July 3, 1974, Gambier, Ohio) was an American poet, essayist, social and political theorist, man of letters, and academic. ... John Orley Allen Tate (November 19, 1899 - February 9, 1979) was an American poet, essayist, and social commentator, and Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, 1943 - 1944. ... Donald Grady Davidson (August 8, 1893 - April 25, 1968) was a U.S. poet, essayist, social and literary critic, and author. ... American conservatism is a constellation of political ideologies within the United States under the blanket heading of conservative. ... A cover of Life Magazine from 1911 Life has been the name of two notable magazines published in the United States. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... Malcolm X, born Malcolm Little, also known as Detroit Red and Al-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Omaha, Nebraska, May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965 in New York City) was a Muslim Minister and National Spokesman for the Nation of Islam. ... Cleanth Brooks (October 16, 1906 - 1994) was an influential American literary critic and professor. ...

Warren won the Pulitzer Prize in 1947 for his best known work, the novel All the King's Men, whose main character, Willie Stark, resembles the radical Louisiana populist Huey Pierce Long (1893-1935), whom Warren was able to observe closely while teaching at Louisiana State University in Baton Rouge from 1933-42. Warren won Pulitzer Prizes in poetry in 1958 for Promises: Poems 1954-1956, and in 1979 for Now and Then. He is the only writer ever to win the Pulitzer in both fiction and poetry. All the King's Men, starring Broderick Crawford, became a highly successful film, winning the Academy Award for Best Picture in 1949. A 2006 film adaptation by writer/director Steven Zaillian featured Sean Penn as Willie Stark and Jude Law as Jack Burden. The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... Cover of All the Kings Men This article is about the book. ... Official language(s) de jure: none de facto: English & French Capital Baton Rouge Largest city Baton Rouge [1] Area  Ranked 31st  - Total 51,885 sq mi (134,382 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 16  - Latitude 29°N to 33°N  - Longitude 89°W... Populism is a political ideology or rhetorical style that holds that the common person is oppressed by the elite in society, which exists only to serve its own interests, and therefore, the instruments of the State need to be grasped from this self-serving elite and instead used for the... Huey Pierce Long (August 30, 1893–September 10, 1935), known as The Kingfish, was an American politician; he was governor of Louisiana (1928–1932), Senator (1932–1935) and a presidential hopeful before his assassination. ... Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College at Baton Rouge, generally known as Louisiana State University or LSU, is a public, coeducational university located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana and the main campus of the Louisiana State University System. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Crawford in Black Angel William Broderick Crawford (born December 9, 1911; died April 26, 1986) was an American actor. ... // The Academy Award for Best Motion Picture is one of the Academy Awards, awards given to people working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, which are voted on by others within the industry. ... Steven Zaillian (born on 30 January 1953 in Fresno, California, USA) is an American screenwriter, film director, editor and producer, of Armenian descent. ... Sean Justin Penn (born August 17, 1960) is an Academy Award-winning American film actor, screenwriter & director. ... David Jude Heyworth Law (born December 29, 1972) is an Academy Award nominated English actor. ...

In 1981, Warren was selected as a MacArthur Fellow and later was named as the first U.S. Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry on February 26, 1986. Warren was co-author, with Cleanth Brooks, of Understanding Poetry, an influential literature textbook (which was followed by other similarly coauthored textbooks Understanding Fiction, which was praised by Southern Gothic and Roman Catholic writer Flannery O'Connor, and Modern Rhetoric) written from what can be called a New Critical approach. The John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation is a private, independent grantmaking institution. ... The Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress is appointed by the United States Librarian of Congress and earns a stipend of $35,000 a year. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cleanth Brooks (October 16, 1906 - 1994) was an influential American literary critic and professor. ... Mary Flannery OConnor (b. ...

In April 2005, the United States Postal Service issued a commemorative stamp to mark the 100th anniversary of Penn Warren's birth. Introduced at the Post Office in his native Guthrie, it depicts the author as he appeared in a 1948 photograph, with a background scene of a political rally designed to evoke the setting of All the King's Men. His son and daughter, Gabriel and Rosanna Warren, were in attendance. The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States Government (see 39 U.S.C. Â§ 201) responsible for providing postal service in the United States. ...


  • Understanding Poetry (1938), college textbook, with Cleanth Brooks
  • At Heaven's Gate (1943)
  • All the King's Men (1946)
  • Promises: Poems (19541956)
  • Meet Me in the Green Glen (1971)
  • Now and Then
  • John Brown: The Making of a Martyr
  • Thirty-six Poems
  • Night Rider (1939) (first novel)
  • Eleven Poems on the Same Theme
  • Selected Poems, 1923 – 1943
  • Blackberry Winter
  • The Circus in the Attic (1968) (short story collection)
  • World Enough and Time (1950)
  • Brother to Dragons: A Tale in Verse and Voices (1953)
  • Band of Angels (1955)
  • Segregation: The Inner Conflict in the South
  • Selected Essays
  • The Cave (1959)
  • Remember the Alamo! (1958)
  • You, Emperors, and Others: Poems 1957-1960
  • The Legacy of the Civil War
  • Wilderness: A Tale of the Civil War (1961)
  • Flood: A Romance of Our Time (1964)
  • Who Speaks for the Negro? (1965)
  • Selected Poems: New and Old 1923 – 1966
  • Incarnations: Poems 1966 – 1968
  • Christmas Gift 1937
  • A Place to Come to (1977) (final novel)
  • Brother to Dragons: A Tale in Verse and Vorces - A New Version (1979)
  • Jefferson Davis Gets His Citizenship Back (1980)

Understanding Poetry was an influential American college textbook and poetry anthology by Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, first published in 1938. ... // Cleanth Brooks and Robert Penn Warren, editors, Understanding Poetry (appearing thereafter in revised editions to 1976) Louis MacNeice, The Earth Compels W.B. Yeats, New Poems, including Lapis Lazuli Hawthornden Prize - David Jones for In Parenthesis Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Marya Zaturenska: Cold Morning Sky February 22 — Ishmael Reed, American... Cleanth Brooks (October 16, 1906 - 1994) was an influential American literary critic and professor. ... At Heavens Gate is the second novel by Robert Penn Warren. ... Cover of All the Kings Men This article is about the book. ... // Robert Creeley founds and edits the Black Mountain Review Jack Kerouac reads Dwight Goddards A Buddhist Bible, which will influence him greatly. ... // City Lights Books publishes Howl and Other Poems by Allen Ginsburg Aniara - Harry Martinson National Book Award for Poetry: W.H. Auden, The Shield of Achilles Pulitzer Prize for Poetry: Elizabeth Bishop: Poems - North & South Queens Gold Medal for Poetry: Edmund Blunden date unknown - Amy Gerstler, poet June 22...


  1. ^ Edwin Thomas Wood, "On Native Soil: A Visit with Robert Penn Warren," Mississippi Quarterly 38 (Winter 1984)

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Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Robert Penn Warren

  Results from FactBites:
Robert Penn Warren's Life and Career (1817 words)
ARREN, Robert Penn (24 Apr. 1905-15 Sept. 1989), author and educator, was born in Guthrie, Kentucky, the son of Robert Franklin Warren, a businessman, and Anna Ruth Penn, a schoolteacher.
Warren's matriculation at Vanderbilt coincided with a gathering of young writers in Nashville, men brought together by an interest in writing poetry and a nostalgia for the culture of the agrarian South.
Warren's college roommate, Allen Tate, and one of his teachers, John Crowe Ransom, were at the beginning of their distinguished literary careers.
Robert Penn Warren - MSN Encarta (449 words)
Robert Penn Warren (1905-1989), American novelist, poet, and critic, whose work reflects his concern for maintaining human dignity in the face of corruption and abuse of power.
Born in Guthrie, Kentucky, Warren was educated at Vanderbilt University and the University of California.
Warren is best known for his novel All the King's Men (1946), a character study of a powerful Southern governor resembling the Louisiana politician Huey P. Long.
  More results at FactBites »



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