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Encyclopedia > Robert Morris (merchant)
Robert Morris

Robert Morris, Jr. (January 20, 1734May 9, 1806) was an American merchant and a signer to the United States Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution. Morris was known as the Financier of the Revolution, because of his role in securing financial assistance for the American side in the Revolutionary War. Ironically, he was sent to debtor's prison in later life. http://www. ... http://www. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies were independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ... The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...

Contents

Early life

Born near Liverpool, England, Morris moved to live with his father, tobacco exporter Robert Morris, Sr., in Oxford, Maryland at the age of 13. The younger Morris was provided a tutor, but he quickly learned everything that teacher had to impart. His father arranged for Robert Jr. to go to Philadelphia, where he stayed with Mr. Charles Greenway, a family friend. Mr. Greenway arranged for young Robert to become a clerk in Charles Willing's shipping firm. A year later Robert's father died as the result of being wounded by the wadding of a ship's gun that was fired in his honor. This article is about the city in England. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ... Nickname: Motto: Philadelphia maneto - Let brotherly love continue Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: , Country United States Commonwealth Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Government  - Mayor John F. Street (D) Area  - City 369. ...


At age 16 Morris was already apprenticed to the shipping and banking firm of the wealthy Philadelphia merchant (later mayor) Charles Willing. After Willing's death four years later, the 20-year-old Morris became the partner of Charles's son, Thomas Willing. The partnership of Willing, Morris, and Company lasted until 1779, and they often collaborated thereafter. Eventually they sent ships to India. The firm's business of import, export and general banking made it one of the most prosperous in Pennsylvania, and as a result Morris became both wealthy and influential in Philadelphia. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Thomas Willing (December 19, 1731 - January 19, 1821) was a Delegate to the Continental Congress from Pennsylvania. ...


Personal information

On March 2, 1769, at 35 years old, Morris married 20-year-old Mary White. Together they had five sons and two daughters.


Morris was an Anglican before the war and he worshiped in St Peters on Pine Street. After his brother-in-law Rev. William White, started a branch of the Episcopal Church in Philadelphia Morris worshiped at Christ Church on 2nd Street. His pew was just a few seats away from Washington's.[citation needed] The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Most Reverend William White, 1795: Oil on Canvas The Most Reverend William White The Most Reverend William White (1748 – July 17, 1836) was the first and fourth Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA (1789; 1795-1836), the first Bishop of the Diocese of Pennsylvania (1787-1836, and the...


Public career

Before the Revolutionary War

Peale portrait
Peale portrait

The Stamp Act of 1765-1766 was a tax on all legal documents, yet the lawyers did not act to oppose it. However the merchants banded together to end what they saw an unconstitutional tax. Morris began his public career in 1765 by serving on a local committee of merchants organized to protest the Stamp Act. He followed a street of protesters and convinced the tax collector that if the tax stamps were not sent back to England the collector's house would be pulled down "brick by brick". Morris remained loyal to Britain, but he believed that the new laws constituted taxation without representation and violated the colonists' rights as British citizens. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 474 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1215 × 1536 pixel, file size: 302 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Robert Morris, Portrait, 3/4 figure, seated, facing left. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 474 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1215 × 1536 pixel, file size: 302 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Robert Morris, Portrait, 3/4 figure, seated, facing left. ... Charles Willson Peale (1741-1827), self-portrait from 1822 Charles Willson Peale (April 15, 1741 – February 22, 1827) was an American painter, soldier and naturalist. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Before the Revolution, Britain controlled the port of Philadelphia. The British Crown wanted to encourage the slave trade and enrich the King's friends. At the same time, during the Seven Years' War, the usual supply of indentured servants was not available because those people were conscripted to fight in Europe. Morris was a junior partner in Willing, Morris & Co when they sent out one ship on a slave trading voyage. They didn't carry enough to be profitable, and after a second trip their ship was captured by French privateers. They lost money in the business. Later they both supported the non-importation agreements that marked the end of the slave trade into Philadelphia. They also became advocates for free trade which would end the kind of trade restrictions that gave rise to the business. As time went on Morris tried to tax the slave trade and to lay a head tax on the slaves payable by the owner. His efforts were not appreciated by the Southerners who then proceeded to fight all his measures. Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain Electorate of Hanover Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and Sicily Kingdom of Sardinia The Seven Years...


Morris was elected to the Pennsylvania Council of Safety (1775-1776), the Committee of Correspondence, the Provincial Assembly (1775-1776), and the Pennsylvania legislature (1776-1778). The committee of correspondence was a body organized by the local governments of the ((American colonies)) for the purposes of coordinating written communication outside of the colony. ...


Morris was also elected to represent Pennsylvania in the Second Continental Congress from 1775 to 1778. <smatest edits. ...


In 1775 the Continental Congress contracted with Morris's company to import arms and ammunition.


Morris was Chairman of the Secret Committee where he devised a system to smuggle war supplies from France a year before Independence was declared.


He served with John Adams on the committee that wrote the Model Treaty. The Model Treaty incorporated his long held belief in Free Trade. It was an outgrowth of his trading system, and acted as the basis for the Treaty with France. On June 1, 1776 - Congress resolved to create three committees, one for drafting the Declaration of Independence, one for drafting the Articles of Confederation, and one for drafting a Model Treaty to guide foreign relations. ...


He served on the Marine and Maritime Committees and sold his best ship, The Black Prince, to the Continental Congress. It became The Alfred, the first ship in the Continental Navy. A captain who sailed for his company became the Captain of the Alfred. He was John Barry. John Barry (1745 – 13 September 1803) was an officer in the Continental Navy and later in the United States Navy Barry was born in County Wexford, Ireland and appointed a Captain in the Continental Navy 7 December 1775. ...


Morris used his extensive international trading network as a spy network and gathered intelligence on British troop movements. One of his spies sent the information that allowed the Americans to defend Fort Moultrie near Charleston, South Carolina. Fort Moultrie is the name of a series of forts on Sullivans Island, South Carolina, built to protect the city of Charleston, South Carolina. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...


On July 1, 1776, Morris voted against the Declaration of Independence, and he declined to vote when the document was adopted on July 4, 1776. On August 2 of the same year, however, Morris signed the Declaration. A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ...


During the War

During the Revolutionary War, in December 1776, Morris stayed in Philadelphia when the rest of Congress ran away to Baltimore. He managed to borrow $10,000 to pay Washington’s troops. This helped to keep the Army together just before the battles of Trenton and Princeton. The American Revolutionary War (1775&#8211;1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


In March 1778 Mr. Morris was chosen to sign the Articles of Confederation as a representative of Pennsylvania. The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ...


Morris's great wealth increased thanks to privateers that seized the cargo of English ships during the war. Morris owned many of the privateer ships, and also helped to sell off the English spoils as they came into port. A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government by letters of marque to attack foreign shipping. ...


Immediately after serving in the Congress Morris served two more terms on the state legislature, from 1778 to 1781. While he was in the Pennsylvania Assembly Morris worked to restore checks and balances to the state constitution, and to overturn the religious test laws. During this time Thomas Paine, Henry Laurens, and others criticized him and his firm for alleged war profiteering. A congressional committee acquitted Morris and his firm on charges of engaging in improper financial transactions in 1779, but his reputation was damaged after this incident. Thomas Paine (Thetford, England, 29 January 1737 – 8 June 1809, New York City, USA) was a pamphleteer, revolutionary, radical, and intellectual. ... Henry Laurens Henry Laurens (1724–1792) was an American merchant and rice planter from South Carolina who became a political leader during the Revolutionary War. ...


Morris joined a Merchants Association which supplied war materials to the troops when the state failed to act. Pennsylvania went bankrupt in 1780 due to the failure of state controlled markets and self-imposed embargos. Ultimately the state called on Morris to restore the economy. He did so by opening the ports to trade, and allowing the market to set the value of goods and the currency.


In 1781 the US was in a crisis. The British controlled the coast line from the sea, two major cities, and the western frontier. The treasury was in debt by $25 million and public credit had collapsed. With the failure of their own policies staring them in the face Congress changed from the committee systems they had used for years and created the first executive offices in American history. Morris held two of them, Finance and Marine. While his detractors worried he was gaining "dictatorial powers" he was granted what we would call today "executive authority". In a unanimous vote, Congress appointed Morris to be Superintendent of Finance of the United States from 1781 to 1784. To defend himself from the calumnies of his critics Mr. Morris insisted that Congress allow him to continue his profitable private endeavors while serving in a related public office. In practice he was not active in private business during his term and acted as a silent partner in various companies. Credit as a financial term, used in such terms as credit card, refers to the granting of a loan and the creation of debt. ...


Three days after becoming Superintendent of Finance Morris proposed the establishment of a national bank. This led to the creation of the first financial institution chartered by the United States, the Bank of North America, in 1782. The bank was funded in part by a significant loan Morris had obtained from France in 1781. The initial role of the bank was to finance the war against Britain. The Bank of North America was chartered in 1781 by the Continental Congress and opened on January 7, 1782, at the prodding of Finance Minister Robert Morris, and was rechartered in 1784. ...


As Superintendent of Finance Morris instituted several reforms, including reducing the civil list, significantly cutting government spending by using competitive bidding for contracts, tightening accounting procedures, and demanding the federal government's full share of support (money and supplies) from the States.


Morris obtained supplies for the army of Nathanael Greene in 1779, and from 1781-1783. Charles Willson Peale painted a portrait of General Greene from life in 1783, which was then copied several times by C.W. Peale and his son, Rembrandt Peale. ...


He took an active role in getting Washington from New York State to Yorktown Virginia. He was in Washington's camp the day the action was initiated. He acted as quartermaster for the trip and supplied over $1,400,000 in his own credit to move the Army. He was also Agent of Marine and coordinated with the French Navy to get Washington's Army to the Battle of Yorktown (1781). After Yorktown Morris noted the war had changed from a war of bullets to a war of finances. Combatants Britain Colonial America France Commanders Charles Cornwallis George Washington Comte de Rochambeau Strength 7,500 8,845 Americans 7,800 French Casualties 156 killed 326 wounded 7,018 captured Americans: 20 killed, 56 wounded French: 52 killed, 134 wounded The Battle of Yorktown (1781) was a victory by a...


At times he took out loans from friends and risked his personal credit by issuing notes on his own signature to purchase items such as military supplies; for example, in 1783 Morris issued $800,000 in his own notes to pay the soldiers. He did this during the same year that New Hampshire contributed only $3000 worth of beef toward the war effort, and all the states combined contributed less than $800,000. This extensive use of his personal credit strained his own fortune. Morris later claimed that although he lost over 150 ships during the war he came out of it "about even."


During his tenure as Superintendent, Morris was assisted by his friend and assistant Gouverneur Morris (no relation). He proposed a national economic system in a document called "On Public Credit". This acted as the basis for Hamilton's plan of the same name submitted much later. Gouverneur Morris Gouverneur Morris (January 31, 1752 – November 8, 1816) was an American statesman who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and was author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States. ...


On January 15, 1782 Morris drafted a proposal that he later presented to the Continental Congress to recommend the establishment of a national mint and decimal coinage. However, the United States Mint was not established until 1792, after further proposals by Hamilton. January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... POOP HS;JHGF;JADHGJHASGHASJHGJSAHGJWJITHADHSGJHDASJLGFNKRA The Continental Congress was the first national government of the United States. ... A mint is a facility which manufactures coins for currency. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Seal of the U.S. Mint The United States Mint primarily produces circulating coinage for the United States to conduct its trade and commerce. ... 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757–July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ...


Later political career

Morris was elected to the Constitutional Convention in 1787. He managed to get Gouverneur Morris onto the committee and also James Wilson. Both argued forcefully for the abolition of slavery during the Convention. Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States, by Howard Chandler Christy. ... Gouverneur Morris Gouverneur Morris (January 31, 1752 – November 8, 1816) was an American statesman who represented Pennsylvania in the Constitutional Convention of 1787 and was author of large sections of the Constitution of the United States. ... James Wilson (September 14, 1742–August 21, 1798), was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, twice elected to the Continental Congress, a major force in the drafting of the nations Constitution, a leading legal theoretician and one of the six original justices appointed by George Washington to the...


While it was widely known at the time that Morris was active behind the scenes, his only significant role of record during the Convention was to nominate his friend George Washington as its president.


Washington appointed Morris Secretary of the Treasury in 1789, but Morris declined (suggesting instead Alexander Hamilton). He served as a United States Senator from 1789 to 1795. Morris was on 41 Senatorial committees and reported for many of them. He focused on using his position in the Legislature to support the Federalist economic program, which included internal improvements like canals and lighthouses to aid commerce. As Senator he generally supported the Federalist party and backed Hamilton's economic proposals. Hamilton's proposals were, in actuality, a rework of Morris's report "On Public Credit", submitted some 10 years earlier. The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the finance minister of the Federal Government of the United States. ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757–July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Politics Portal      The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the bicameral United States Congress, the... The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party during the First Party System, in the period 1793 to 1816, with remnants lasting into the 1820s. ...


As a Senator from Pennsylvania, Morris is credited with helping to bring the Federal Government to Philadelphia for 10 years as the Federal District was under construction. During this period he moved from his home, and allowed it to be used by Washington as his residence. Later that house was used by Adams while he was President. ...


Later life

Morris' folly
Morris' folly

Morris founded several canal companies, a steam engine company, and launched a hot air balloon from his garden on Market Street. He had the first iron rolling mill in America. His ice house was the model for the one Washington put in at Mount Vernon. He backed the new Chestnut Street Theatre, started the Horticultural Society and had a green house with lemon trees in it. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


In May 1791 he purchased essentially all of Western New York from Massachusetts. His son Thomas settled the peace with the Six Nations, who had sided with the British during the Revolution. Then Morris sold most of the vast tract to the Holland Land Company in 1792-1793. Western New York refers to the westernmost counties of New York State, roughly the area included in the Holland Purchase. ... Thomas Morris (February 26, 1771 - March 12, 1849) was a United States Representative from New York and was a son of Robert Morris, a merchant, signer of the Declaration of Independence, and later a U.S. Senator. ... Map of the Holland Purchase From 1840s Divided into Counties and Townships And Including Morris Reserve Lands The Holland Land Company was a purchaser of the western two-thirds of the western New York land tract known as the Phelps and Gorham Purchase. ...


In 1794 he began construction of a mansion on Chestnut Street in Philadelphia designed by Pierre Charles L'Enfant. Pierre (Peter) Charles LEnfant LEnfants plan for Washington, as revised by Andrew Ellicott Pierre (Peter) Charles LEnfant (2 August 1754, Paris, France – 14 June 1825, Prince Georges County, Maryland) was a French-born American architect and urban planner. ...


Morris was later heavily involved in unsuccessful land speculations, investing in District of Columbia, and purchasing over 6,000,000 acres (24,000 km²) in the rural south. An expected loan from Holland never materialized because Napoleon invaded Holland. The Napoleonic Wars ruined the market for American Lands and Morris's highly leveraged company collapsed. The financial markets of England, the United States, and the Caribbean were also suffering from the deflation associated with the Panic of 1797. ... Combatants Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Sicily  Spain[3]  Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Italy Naples [5] Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[6] Saxony[7] Denmark-Norway [8] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich Gebhard von Blücher Duke of Brunswick â€  Prince of Hohenlohe... The Panic of 1797 was a depression of the commerce markets that began in the Bank of England in 1797 and had developing disflationary repurcussions in the financial, commercial, and real estate markets of the coastal United States and the Caribbean through the turn of the century. ...


Although he attempted to flee from creditors by hiding at "The Hills", his country estate on the Schuylkill River in Philadelphia, he was arrested and imprisoned for debt in Prune Street prison in Philadelphia from February 1798 to August 1801. His unfinished mansion became known as "Morris's folly",[1] and the land eventually became Sansom Street. Marbles from this house were purchased by Latrobe and adorn buildings and monuments from Rhode Island to Charlestown, SC. The Schuylkill River, pronounced SKOO-kull (IPA: ), is a river in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. ... A debtors prison is a prison for people unable to pay a debt to another creditor. ... Jewelers Row Jewelers Row is in the Center City section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... “RI” redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat (She cares for her temples, customs, and rights) Location of Charleston in South Carolina. ...


Morris's economic failure reduced the fortunes of many other prominent Federalists who had invested in his ventures {Henry Lee}. Demagogues among Morris's political adversaries used his bankruptcy to gain political power in Pennsylvania. Governor Thomas McKean was elected and refined the art of political patronage in America. McKean’s party then picked the Pennsylvania members of the electoral college for the election of 1800, and this helped Thomas Jefferson become president. Henry Lee (portrait by William Edward West) Lee Family Coat of Arms Henry Lee III, called Light Horse Harry, (January 29, 1756 – March 25, 1818) was a cavalry officer in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. ... Thomas McKean Thomas McKean (March 19, 1734&#8211;June 24, 1817) was the second President of the United States in Congress assembled, from July 10, 1781, until November 4, 1781. ... An electoral college is a set of electors, who are empowered as a deliberative body to elect a candidate to a particular office. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ...


Congress passed the Bankruptcy Laws, in part, to get Morris out of prison.


After his release, and suffering from poor health, Morris spent the rest of his life in retirement. He was assisted by his wife, who had supported him throughout his misfortune. Morris died on May 8, 1806, in Philadelphia, and is buried in the family vault of Bishop William White, his brother-in-law, at Christ Church.


Legacy

Morris's portrait appeared on US $1000 notes from 1862 to 1863 and on the $10 silver certificates from 1878 to 1880. Along with Alexander Hamilton and Albert Gallatin, Morris is considered one of the key founders of the financial system in the United States. Morris and Roger Sherman were the only two people to sign the three significant founding documents of the United States, the Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the U.S. Constitution. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2001 × 3001 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2001 × 3001 pixel, file size: 1. ... Independence National Historic Park, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is the historic area of downtown (or Center City) Philadelphia where Independence Hall, the Liberty Bell, and the National Constitution Center are located, along with dozens of other historic buildings and educational centers. ... A picture of a Silver Certificate (top image is the obverse of the certificate, bottom image is the reverse of the certificate). ... Alexander Hamilton (January 11, 1755 or 1757–July 12, 1804) was an Army officer, lawyer, Founding Father, American politician, leading statesman, financier and political theorist. ... Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849) was a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, politician, diplomat, Congressman, and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. ... Shermans marble statute in the National Statuary Hall Collection in the United States Capitol. ... A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... The Articles of Confederation The Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union, commonly known as the Articles of Confederation, was the first governing document, or constitution, of the United States of America. ... Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United States is the supreme...


The Dollar Sign ("$") was in common use among private merchants during the middle of the 18 century. It referred to the Spanish Milled Dollar, which predated the U.S. Dollar. Morris was the first to use that symbol in official documents and in official communications with Oliver Pollock. Much later it was used as the symbol for the U.S. Dollar, even though that currency was only loosely based on the Spanish coin. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Oliver Pollock (1737, Coleraine, Ireland – December 17, 1823, Pinckneyville, Mississippi) was a merchant and financier of the American Revolutionary War, of which he has long been considered a historically undervalued figure. ...


Institutions named in honor of Morris include:

Mount Morris, New York, location of a large flood control dam on the Genesee River, was named in honor of Robert Morris. Robert Morris College is an Illinois based college that has its main campus in Chicago. ... Robert Morris University is a private co-educational college founded in 1921. ... Batavia is a city in Genesee County, New York, USA. The population was 16,256 at the 2000 census. ... Mount Morris, New York refers to two locations in Livingston County, New York, both named after Robert Morris, the financier of the American Revolution, and later owner of the The Morris Reserve, from which the lands around Mount Morris were sold to settlers. ... Upper Genesee near Belmont, New York, a series of pools and riffles The Middle Falls of the Genesee in Letchworth State Park The Genesee Rivers name is derived from the Iroquois meaning good valley or pleasant valley. ...


A number of ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Morris for him. USN redirects here. ... Several ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Morris for Robert Morris and Charles Morris. ...


A small town, Morrisville, Pennsylvania, was named in honor of Robert Morris. A statue of him resides in the town square. Morrisville is a borough in Bucks County, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


The Robert Morris Inn in Oxford, Maryland was also named after him.


Robert Morris's home in Philadelphia, where he lived during much of his career as Superintendent, where he lived while he (as Agent of Marine) ran the Continental Navy (1781-1784), and where he lived while he served a member of the Constitutional Convention (1789), was subsequently used by Presidents Washington and John Adams, while Philadelphia was the temporary U.S. capital during the construction of Washington, D.C. The building no longer exists, but the site is in the process of becoming a memorial to Washington's slaves, who lived in what was known as the President's House. This makes Morris's legacy unique among the signers of the Declaration or the U.S. Constitution, in that the National Park Service has determined that neither his life nor his career will be themes for interpretation at the site of his own house. For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... George Washington (February 22, 1732 – December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... John Adams, Jr. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - D.C. Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2...


Further reading

  • Ferguson, James (editor): The Papers of Robert Morris 1781-1784 (9 volumes): University of Pittsburgh Press, 1978; (1995 reprint: ISBN 0-8229-3886-3).
  • Ver Steeg, Clarence L.: Robert Morris, Revolutionary Financier. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1954 (ISBN 0-374-98078-0).
Preceded by
None
United States Senator (Class 3) from Pennsylvania
1789–1795
Served alongside: William Maclay, Albert Gallatin, James Ross
Succeeded by
William Bingham

Pennsylvania ratified the Constitution on December 12, 1787. ... William Maclay (July 20, 1737-April 16, 1804) was a politician from Pennsylvania during the eighteenth century. ... Abraham Alfonse Albert Gallatin (January 29, 1761 – August 12, 1849) was a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, politician, diplomat, Congressman, and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. ... James Ross (July 12, 1762 – November 27, 1847) was a nerish noi and monkey whisperer from Pennsylvania from 1794 to 1803. ... William Bingham (1752–1804) was an American statesman from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/declaration/bio33.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Morris (merchant) - definition of Robert Morris (merchant) in Encyclopedia (1182 words)
Morris was known as the Financier of the Revolution, because of his role in securing financial assistance for the American Colonial side in the Revolutionary War.
Morris was elected to the Pennsylvania Council of Safety (1775-1776), the Committee of Correspondence, the Provincial Assembly (1775-1776), and the Pennsylvania legislature (1776-1778).
Morris was later heavily involved in unsuccessful land speculations, investing in District of Columbia and purchasing essentially all of Western New York.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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