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Encyclopedia > Robert Mills (architect)

Robert Mills (1781 - 1855) is sometimes called the first native born American to become a professional architect; Charles Bulfinch perhaps has a clearer claim to this honor. In Charleston, South Carolina, he was student under Irish architect James Hoban, who later designed the White House, which became the official home of US presidents. Image File history File links Robertmills. ... 1781 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1855 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect, also known as a building designer, is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction, whose role is to guide decisions affecting those building aspects that are of aesthetic, cultural or social concern. ... The Massachusetts State House, designed by Charles Bulfinch and completed in 1798. ... Motto: Fedes Mores Juraque Curat Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City Founded Incorporated 1670   County Berkeley and Charleston Counties Mayor Joseph P. Riley, Jr. ... James Hoban James Hoban (1762-1831) was born in Desart, near Callan County Kilkenny, Ireland. ... The southern side of the White House The White House is the official residence and principal workplace of the President of the United States. ...


Robert was also a member of the Freemasons. American Square & Compasses Freemasonry is a worldwide fraternal organization. ...


He moved to Philadelphia in 1802, where he became an associate and student of Benjamin Henry Latrobe. He gradually became known in his own right. Philadelphia buildings that he designed are Washington Hall, Samson Street Baptist Church, and the Octogon Unitarian Church. He also designed the Upper Ferry Bridge covering. Independence Hall, as it appears today. ... --69. ... Benjamin Henry Latrobe (May 1, 1764 - September 3, 1820) was an architect best known for his design of the United States Capitol. ... Building is either the act of creating an object assembled from more than one element, or the object itself; see also construction. ... A Baptist is a member of a Baptist church. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ... Historic Unitarianism believed in the oneness of God as opposed to traditional Christian belief in the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit). ...


Moving to Baltimore, he designed St. John's Episcopal Church, the Maryland House of Industry, and the Maryland Club. He is noted for designing the first Washington Monument in Baltimore, which began construction in 1815. In the next few years he designed numerous buildings in South Carolina, Richmond, Virginia and Washington. In 1825 he published an atlas of South Carolina. In 1836 he won the competition for the design of the Washington Monument, his best known work. Baltimore skyline at dusk Motto: The Greatest City in America (formerly The City That Reads; BELIEVE is not the official motto but rather a specific campaign) Nickname: Charm City Mob Town B-more Location in Maryland Founded Incorporated 30 July 1729 1797  County Independent city Mayor Martin J. OMalley... The Washington Monument in Baltimore was the first architechtural monument honoring George Washington. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford (R) Senators Lindsey Graham (R) Jim DeMint (R) Official language(s) English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,012,012 (26th)  - Density... Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States of America. ... 1825 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... For other meanings of Atlas, see Atlas (disambiguation). ... 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Washington Monument The Washington Monument usually refers to the large white-colored obelisk in the center of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first President of the United States and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army, which won independence from...

Sketch of the Washington Monument by Robert Mills.
Sketch of the Washington Monument by Robert Mills.

He also designed the Department of Treasury building and several other federal buildings in Washington, D. C.. In South Carolina, he designed county courthouses in at least 18 counties, some of the public buildings in Columbia, and a few private homes. He also designed portions of the Landsford Canal, Chester County, on the Catabwa River in SC. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x678, 43 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x678, 43 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Washington Monument The Washington Monument usually refers to the large white-colored obelisk in the center of the National Mall in Washington, D.C., built as a memorial to George Washington, the first President of the United States and the leader of the revolutionary Continental Army, which won independence from... The United States Department of the Treasury is a Cabinet department, a treasury, of the United States government established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government. ... ... In most counties in the United States the local trial courts conduct their business in a centrally located courthouse which may also house the offices of the county treasurer, clerk and recorder and assessor. ... Chester County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. ...


Mills was an early advocate of designing buildings so as to be fireproof. A fire in Kingstree, South Carolina destroyed much of the upper floor of a courthouse that he designed, but the county records on the first floor were protected due to his fireproofing measures. It has been suggested that Barrister#Advocates in Scotland be merged into this article or section. ... Williamsburg County Courthouse, Designed by Robert Mills Kingstree, South Carolina Kingstree is a town located in Williamsburg County, South Carolina. ...


For further reading

  • Robert Mills: America's First Architect, by John Bryan, Princeton Architectural Press.

 
 

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