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Encyclopedia > Robert Liston

Robert Liston (1794, Ecclesmachan, West Lothian - 1847) was a pioneering Scottish surgeon. He was likely the best surgeon of his day, noted for his skill and his speed in an era prior to anaesthetics. He was able to complete operations in a matter of seconds, at a time when speed was essential to reduce pain and improve the odds of survival of a patient; he is said to have been able to perform the removal of a limb in an amputation in roughly 30 seconds. He also performed the first operation in Britain using modern anaesthesia during Christmas 1846, in the University College Hospital, London 1794 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... West Lothian or Linlithgowshire (Lodainn an Iar in Gaelic) is one of 32 unitary council regions in Scotland, and a Lieutenancy area. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity(English) Wha daur meddle wi me? (Scots)[1] Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots[2] Government  - Queen Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  - First Minister Jack McConnell MSP Unification    - by Kenneth I... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... Anesthesia (AE), also anaesthesia (BE), is the process of blocking the perception of pain and other sensations. ... University College Hospital is a teaching hospital in London, part of the University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, and associated with University College London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...

There are stories of occasions when his operations went wrong due to the speed at which he attempted them. The most notable example of this is when he amputated a man's testicles along with his leg by mistake. He is said to have cut off the fingers of his assistant (who later died due to infection). There is, however, apparently no precise source for these stories, so they might well just be regarded as urban legends. Human male anatomy The testicles, known medically as testes (singular testis), are the male generative glands in animals. ... An urban legend or urban myth is a kind of modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ...

Liston received his education at Edinburgh University and in 1818 became a surgeon in the Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. He became Professor of Clinical Surgery at University College, London in 1835, and in December of 1846, he carried out the first public operation using ether anaesthetic in the UK. He invented locking forceps, and the Liston Splint, used to stabilise dislocations and fractures of the femur. His father was Henry Liston. The University of Edinburgh was founded in 1583 as a renowned centre for teaching in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... The Edinburgh Royal Infirmary, also known as the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh is the oldest voluntary hospital in Scotland. ... The term university college is used in a number of countries to denote institutions that provide tertiary education but do not have full or independent university status. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Ether is the general name for a class of chemical compounds which contain an ether group — an oxygen atom connected to two (substituted) alkyl groups. ... The femur or thigh bone is the longest, most voluminous, and strongest bone of the human body. ... Henry Liston (1771-1836) was a Scottish minister and inventor. ...

See also

Sir William Fergusson (1808-1877), British surgeon, the son of James Fergusson of Lochmaben, Dumfriesshire, was born at Prestonpans, East Lothian, on March 20th 1808. ... James Syme (7 November 1799 - 26 June 1870) was a Scottish surgeon. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Ecclesmachan. Robert Liston Information Page (629 words)
The Rev. Henry Liston was married to Margaret Ireland (from the nearby settlement of Auldcathie) in 1793.
Robert studied medicine at Edinburgh and London and was appointed as a surgeon in Edinburgh's Royal Infirmary in 1827.
Robert was not only an expert in amputation and diseases of the bone; he also led the field in his knowledge of aneurysms (again publishing papers on the subject).
Robert Liston - LoveToKnow 1911 (185 words)
ROBERT LISTON (1794-1847), Scottish surgeon, was born on the 28th of October 1794 at Ecclesmachan, Linlithgow, where his father was parish minister.
In 1835 he was chosen professor of clinical surgery in University College, London, and this appointment he held until his death, which occurred in London on the 7th of December 1847.
Liston was a teacher more by what he did than by what he said.
  More results at FactBites »



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