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Encyclopedia > Robert Kingston Scott

Biographical Overview


Born: July 8, 1826 in Armstrong County, PA. His grandfather fought in the Revolution, and his father in the war of 1812-'15.


Died: August 12, 1900 in Napoleon (Henry County) OH


Buried: Henry County, OH


Religion: Unknown


Political Party: Republican


Education:Studied medicine, and began practice in Henry county, Ohio.


Occupations· Gold prospector Doctor Real estate speculator Brigadier General of Volunteers, United States Army


Major Events and Accomplishments:


October 1861, he became Lieutenant Colonel of the 68th Ohio regiment, of which he made Colonel in 1862. Served in Tennessee, commanded the advance of General John A. Logan's division on the march into Mississippi, and was engaged at Port Gibson, Raymond, and Champion Hills. He was afterward at the head of a brigade in the 17th corps, was made prisoner near Atlanta.


24 September, 1864, was part of a prisoner exchange and was in put into Sherman's operations before that city and in the march to the sea.


12 January, 1865 he was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and also received the brevets of brigadier and major-general in the volunteer army, to date from 26 January and 2 December, 1865, respectively.


1865-1868, General Scott was assistant commissioner of the Freedmen's bureau in South Carolina. July 1868 resigned from the US Army.


1868 became the first governor of the reconstructed state, as a Republican.


1st Term, 1868–1870


July 14, 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the US Constitution was ratified


Major Events and Accomplishments, 2nd Term, 1870–1872


1870 – The South Carolina Constitution of 1868 lifted the prohibition on the reelection of a governor until four years after leaving office, allowing Scott to become the first governor of South Carolina to be elected to two consecutive terms.


Re-elected in 1870 by a majority of 33,534 in a total vote of 136,608.


1871 – The state debt tripled during Governor Scott's years in office, resulting in an unsuccessful attempt by the General Assembly to impeach him.


1871 the governor and other state officers were openly charged with a fraudulent over-issue of state bonds. Governor Scott justified his course in a message to the legislature, and a resolution of impeachment was defeated in that body.


Other Government Positions


Freedmen's Bureau


Other Accomplishments, Honors, Distinctions


1877 Scott moved to Ohio when Democrats returned to power in state government, possibly out of fear of being prosecuted for misuse of funds during his administration.


5 November 1881 General Scott was acquitted for the killing of Warren G. Drury, age 23. Drury and a son of General Scott had been drinking together, and while searching for the boy General Scott claims he accidentally killed Mr. Drury.


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