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Encyclopedia > Robert Kennedy
Robert Kennedy
Robert Kennedy

Robert Francis "Bobby" Kennedy, also called "RFK" (November 20, 1925June 6, 1968) was the younger brother of President John F. Kennedy, and was appointed by his brother as Attorney General for his administration. He worked closely with his brother during the Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis.

Contents

Early Life

Robert Kennedy was the seventh child of Joseph P. Kennedy and Rose Kennedy born on November 20, 1925. He attended and graduated from Harvard University in 1948, after brief service in the Navy. He received his law degree from the University of Virginia School of Law in 1951 and then managed his brother John's successful U.S. Senate campaign in 1952.


RFK soon made a name for himself as the chief counsel of the Senate Labor Rackets Committee hearings, which began in 1956. In a dramatic scene, Kennedy squared off against Jimmy Hoffa during the antagonistic verbal sparring that marked Hoffa's testimony. Kennedy left the Rackets Committee in 1959 in order to run his brother John's successful Presidential campaign.


Working for JFK

Robert Kennedy with older brother John F. Kennedy, just outside of the .
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Robert Kennedy with older brother John F. Kennedy, just outside of the Oval Office.

President Kennedy rewarded his younger brother's efforts by naming him to his Cabinet as Attorney General of the United States. During the Kennedy Administration, Bobby played a key advisory role for President Kennedy. Among the weighty issues they faced were the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961, the Cuban Missile Crisis of 18 months later, the escalation of military action in Vietnam and the widening spread of the Civil Rights Movement and its retaliatory violence.


Senator for New York

Soon after President John F. Kennedy was assassinated, Robert Kennedy left the Cabinet to run for a seat in the United States Senate representing New York. He was elected in November of 1964, defeating Republican incumbent Kenneth Keating. During his three and a half years as a US Senator, Kennedy visited Apartheid-ruled South Africa, helped to start a successful redevelopment project in poverty stricken Bedford-Stuyvesant in New York City, visited the Mississippi Delta as a member of the Senate committee on hunger and, reversing his prior stance, called for a halt in further escalation of the Vietnam War.


Candidacy for Presidency

Originally Kennedy had declined speculations that he was going to try for the Democratic nomination in 1968 against the incumbent President Lyndon Johnson. After Johnson won only a very narrow victory in the New Hampshire primary on March 12, 1968 against Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota, an anti-war candidate, Kennedy too declared his candidacy for the Presidency on March 16. Two weeks later Johnson appeared on television to state that he was no longer a candidate for re-election.


On April 4, during a campaign stop in Indianapolis, Kennedy learned of the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. During a heartfelt, impromptu speech in Indianapolis' inner city, Kennedy called for a reconciliation between the races. Thousands of people were injured, 43 were killed in riots throughout the United States in the aftermath of King's murder. Indianapolis was quiet.


Kennedy won the Indiana and Nebraska primaries, lost the Oregon primary and on June 4, 1968 picked up a big boost in his drive toward the Democratic nomination when he won in South Dakota and in California. After Kennedy addressed his supporters that evening in a ballroom at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, Sirhan B. Sirhan, a 24-year-old Palestinian, shot into the crowd surrounding Kennedy in the kitchen hallway. Kennedy was shot at point blank range. It is widely believed that Sirhan fired the shots that hit Kennedy, and that this was what Sirhan intended. However, some conspiracy theorists disagree. For more information, see Robert F. Kennedy assassination.


Robert Kennedy died in the early morning hours of June 6, 1968 at the age of 42. He was buried near his brother in Arlington National Cemetery on June 8.


Personal life

Enlarge
The Kennedy brothers: John, Robert, and Edward (Ted)
See also: Kennedy political family.

In 1950, he married Ethel Skakel, who would eventually give birth to 11 children. The last child, Rory Kennedy, was born after Robert's assassination.


His pallbearers included Robert McNamara, John Glenn, Averell Harriman, C. Douglas Dillon, Kirk Lemoyne Billings (schoolmate of John F. Kennedy), Stephen Smith (husband to Jean Ann Kennedy), David Hackett, Jim Whittaker, John Seigenthaler Sr., and Lord Harlech.


D.C. Stadium in Washington, D.C. was renamed Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium in 1969.


In 1998, the United States Mint released a special dollar coin that featured Kennedy on the obverse and the emblems of the United States Department of Justice and the United States Senate on the reverse. In Washington, DC on November 20, 2001, US President George W. Bush and Attorney General John Ashcroft dedicated the Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring RFK on what would have been his 76th birthday. They both spoke during the ceremony, as did Kennedy's eldest son, Joseph II, who made reference to his uncle's book, Profiles in Courage, when he said to the president as he spoke: "Mr. President, your strength since September 11 has been a profile in leadership."


References

  • RFK Biography (http://pages.prodigy.net/kpmcclave/RFKbio.htm)

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
1998 Robert Kennedy special dollar coin
  • Robert F. Kennedy Memorial (http://www.rfkmemorial.org/)
  • American Experience: RFK (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/rfk/index.html) -- From PBS
  • Robert F. Kennedy Commemorative Silver Dollar Fact Sheet (http://www.usmint.gov/mint_programs/commemoratives/index.cfm?flash=no&action=RFKennedy) -- From the US Mint
  • The Presidential Promise of Robert F. Kennedy (http://www.politixgroup.com/comm156.htm)
Preceded by:
William P. Rogers
Attorney General of the United States Succeeded by:
Nicholas Katzenbach

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert F. Kennedy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2776 words)
Robert was especially noted, and often criticized for cronyism, arrogance and combativeness and suspicion and rivalry with establishment figures in the Cabinet and the Democratic party, and several unsubstantiated charges of corruption and abuse of power.
Robert Kennedy's appointment was criticized for nepotism from his brother, and for being relatively inexperienced and young for the job.
Kennedy is perhaps most remembered for his work on civil rights, namely the integration of the University of Mississippi in Oxford, Mississippi (whose first fl student was James Meredith), and his support of the civil rights bill that passed in 1964.
Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (619 words)
Kennedy graduated from Harvard University with a major in political science, and obtained a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Virginia Law School.
Kennedy has credited the energy and intelligence of the students, as well as access to the Pace law faculty and library, to several legal victories over clients represented by New York's richest and most prestigious law firms.
Kennedy, who currently co-hosts Ring of Fire on Air America Radio, was considered to be a possible candidate for Attorney General of New York in 2006.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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