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Encyclopedia > Robert II of France
French Monarchy-
Capetian Dynasty
(direct Capetians branch)

Hugh Capet
Children
   Robert II
Robert II
Children
   Henry I
   Robert I, Duke of Burgundy
Henry I
Children
   Philip I
   Hugh, Count of Vermandois
Philip I
Children
   Louis VI
Louis VI
Children
   Louis VII
   Robert I of Dreux
Louis VII
Children
   Mary, Countess of Champagne
   Alix
   Marguerite
   Alys, Countess of the Vexin
   Philip II
   Agnes, Empress of Constantinople
Philip II
(Philip Augustus)
Children
   Louis VIII
Louis VIII
Children
   Louis IX
   Robert I, Count of Artois
   Alphonse, Count of Poitou and Toulouse
   Isabel of France
   Charles I of Anjou and Sicily
Louis IX
Children
   Philip III
   Robert, Count of Clermont
   Agnes, Duchess of Burgundy
Philip III
Children
   Philip IV
   Charles III, Count of Valois
   Louis d'Evreux
   Margaret of France
Philip IV
Children
   Louis X
   Philip V
   Isabella of France
   Charles IV
Louis X
Children
   Joan II of Navarre
   John I
John I
Philip V
Charles IV

Robert II the Pious (French: Robert II le Pieux) (March 27, 972July 20, 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031. A member of the Capetian Dynasty, Robert II was born on March 27, 972 in Orléans, France, the son of King Hugh Capet (938996) and Adelaide of Aquitaine (9521004). The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ... Self-designed File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Hugh Capet (French: Hugues Capet) (938 – October 24, 996) was King of France from 987 to 996. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Robert I Capet (1011 – March 21, 1076) was duke of Burgundy between 1032 to his death. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Philip I (French: Philippe Ier) (May 23, 1052 – July 29, 1108) was King of France from 1060 to 1108. ... Hugh of Vermandois (1053 - October 18, 1101), was son to King Henry I of France and Anne of Kiev, and the younger brother of King Philip I of France. ... Philip I (French: Philippe Ier) (May 23, 1052 – July 29, 1108) was King of France from 1060 to 1108. ... Louis VI the Fat (French: Louis VI le Gros) (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137) was king of France from 1108 to 1137. ... Louis VI the Fat (French: Louis VI le Gros) (December 1, 1081 – August 1, 1137) was king of France from 1108 to 1137. ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ... Robert I of Dreux, nicknamed the Great (c. ... Louis VII the Younger (French: Louis VII le Jeune) (1120 – September 18, 1180) was King of France from 1137 to 1180. ... Marie of France, or Marie Capet, Countess of Champagne (1145 – March 11, 1198), was the elder daughter of Louis VII of France and his first wife, Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Alix of France (1150 – 1197/1198) was the second daughter born to Louis VII of France by his first wife Eleanor of Aquitaine. ... Marguerite of France (1158 - 1197) was the eldest daughter of Louis VII of France by his second wife Constance of Castile. ... Alice, Countess of the Vexin (October 4, 1160 – c. ... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... Agnes of France (1171 - after 1207) was a daughter of Louis VII of France by his third wife Adèle of Champagne. ... Philip II (French: Philippe II), called Philip Augustus (French: Philippe Auguste) (August 21, 1165 – July 14, 1223), was King of France from 1180 to 1223. ... Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 – November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ... Louis VIII the Lion (French: Louis VIII le Lion) (September 5, 1187 – November 8, 1226) reigned as King of France from 1223 to 1226. ... Only representation of Saint Louis known to be true to life - Early 14th century statue from the church of Mainneville, Eure, France King Louis IX of France or Saint Louis (April 25, 1214/1215 – August 25, 1270) was King of France from 1226 until his death. ... Robert I the Good (1216 – February 8, 1250) was Count of Artois. ... Alphonse, Count of Toulouse and of Poitiers (November 11, 1220 – August 21, 1271). ... Saint Isabel of France (March, 1225 – 23 February 1270) was the daughter of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile, and brother of Louis IX of France. ... Charles I (March 1227 (or 1226) - January 7, 1285) was the posthumous (or born ten months before fathers death: sources suggest two possible birth years) son of King Louis VIII of France by Blanche of Castile. ... Only representation of Saint Louis known to be true to life - Early 14th century statue from the church of Mainneville, Eure, France King Louis IX of France or Saint Louis (April 25, 1214/1215 – August 25, 1270) was King of France from 1226 until his death. ... Philippe III Philip III the Bold ( French: Philippe III le Hardi) (April 3, 1245 – October 5, 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... Robert of France (1256 – February 7, 1317) was made Count of Clermont in 1268. ... Agnes of France (c. ... Philippe III Philip III the Bold ( French: Philippe III le Hardi) (April 3, 1245 – October 5, 1285) reigned as King of France from 1270 to 1285. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... Charles III of Valois (March 12, 1270 – December 16, 1325) was the third son of Philip III of France and Isabella of Aragon. ... Louis of France, Count dÉvreux (May, 1276 – May 19, 1319, Paris) was the third son of King Philip III the Bold with his second wife Marie de Brabant, and step-brother of King Philip IV the Fair. ... Marguerite of France (1282 – 14 February 1317) was a daughter of Philip III of France and Maria of Brabant. ... Philip IV the Fair (French: Philippe IV le Bel) (1268 – November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... Louis X of France Louis X the Quarreller, also called the Headstrong or the Stubborn, (French: Louis X le Hutin, Spanish: Luis el Obstinado) (October 4, 1289 – June 5, 1316), King of France from 1314 to 1316, was a member of the Capetian Dynasty. ... Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Isabella of France (c. ... Charles IV the Fair (French: Charles IV le Bel) (1294 – February 1, 1328), a member of the Capetian Dynasty, reigned as King of France from 1322 to 1328. ... Louis X of France Louis X the Quarreller, also called the Headstrong or the Stubborn, (French: Louis X le Hutin, Spanish: Luis el Obstinado) (October 4, 1289 – June 5, 1316), King of France from 1314 to 1316, was a member of the Capetian Dynasty. ... Joan II, Juana II, or Jeanne II, Queen of Navarre (1311 - 1349) - was the only daughter of King Louis X of France (Luis I of Navarre) and his first wife, Margaret of Burgundy. ... John I the Posthumous (French: Jean Ier le Posthume) (November 15, 1316 - November 20, 1316) was King of France for the five days he lived. ... John I the Posthumous (French: Jean Ier le Posthume) (November 15, 1316 - November 20, 1316) was King of France for the five days he lived. ... Philip V the Tall (French: Philippe V le Long) (1293 - January 3, 1322) was King of France from 1316 to 1322, a member of the Capetian dynasty. ... Charles IV the Fair (French: Charles IV le Bel) (1294 – February 1, 1328), a member of the Capetian Dynasty, reigned as King of France from 1322 to 1328. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... Events Otto II marries Theophanu, Byzantine princess. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Coronation of Louis VIII and Blanche of Castile at Reims in 1223; a miniature from the Grandes Chroniques de France, painted in the 1450s, kept at the National Library of France The monarchs of France ruled, first as kings and later as emperors, from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... The direct Capetian Dynasty followed the Carolingian rulers of France from 987 to 1328. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... Orléans Cathedral, dedicated to the Holy Cross, built from 1278 to 1329; after being pillaged by Huguenots in the 1560s, the Bourbon kings restored it in the 17th century. ... Hugh Capet (French: Hugues Capet) (938 – October 24, 996) was King of France from 987 to 996. ... Events Lioa Dynasty took over Peking naming it as their South Palace [Nanjing] Births Hugh Capet, King of France (d. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Adele or Adelaide of Aquitaine (or Adelaide of Poitiers) (c. ... Events Hugh Capet marries Adelaide of Aquitaine Deaths Emperor Suzaku of Japan Hugh, Duke of Burgundy Categories: 952 ... Events December: End of the Samanid dynasty in Bokhara. ...

Contents

Life

In 987, Robert's father had the nobles crown him as successor at Orléans on December 30th, thereby confirming the house of Capet as rulers of France. Image File history File links Laurens_excomunication_1875_orsay. ... Image File history File links Laurens_excomunication_1875_orsay. ... Events Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, crowned King of France Kukulcan conquers Chichen Itza Births Deaths May 21 King Louis V of France Categories: 987 ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ...


Robert, despite marital problems that saw him temporarily excommunicated by Pope Gregory V, was a very devout Roman Catholic, hence the name Robert the Pious. He was very musically inclined and was a composer, a chorister, and a poet, making his palace a place of religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his royal robes. Part of Robert's piety at the time, was because he did not tolerate heretics and harshly punished them. Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 – February 18, 999), Pope from May 3, 996 to February 18, 999, son of the Salian Otto I, Duke of Carinthia, who was a grandson of the Emperor Otto I the Great (936–973). ...


The kingdom Robert inherited was not large, and in an effort to increase his power, he vigorously pursued his claim to any of the feudal lands as they became vacant which action usually resulted in war with a counter-claimant. In 1003, his invasion of Burgundy was thwarted and it would not be until 1016 that he was finally able to get the support of the Church and be recognized as the Duke of Burgundy. Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... The Duchy of Burgundy, today Bourgogne, has its origin in the small portion of traditional lands of Burgundians west of river Saône which in 843 was allotted to Charles the Balds kingdom of West Franks. ...


The pious King Robert II made few friends and many enemies, including his own sons. Robert's sons, Henry I of France and Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, also turned against their father, in a civil war for power and property. King Robert's army was beaten and he retreated to Beaugency outside Paris. Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... Robert I Capet (1011 – March 21, 1076) was duke of Burgundy between 1032 to his death. ... Beaugency is a town and commune on the right bank of Loire River in the Loiret département, France. ...


He died in the middle of the war with his sons on July 20, 1031 at Melun, France. He was interred with his third wife, Constance of Arles (973-July 25, 1032) in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by son Henry. July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Events Collapse of the Moorish Caliphate of Córdoba. ... Melun is a French city and commune on the river Seine, about 50 km south-southeast of Paris. ... Constance of Arles (973 - July 25, 1034) was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. ... Events Edgar of England is crowned king by Saint Dunstan Births September 15 - Al_Biruni, mathematician († 1048) Abu al-Ala al-Maarri, poet Deaths May 7 - Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Categories: 973 ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Events February 2 - Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, becomes King of Burgundy. ... West façade of Saint Denis The Basilica of Saint Denis (French: Basilique de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is the famous burial site of the French monarchs, comparable to Westminster Abbey in England. ...


Robert's descendants would go on to rule not only France, but England (through his granddaughter Matilda of Flanders' marriage to William the Conqueror), Portugal, Castile, and Leon. Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: Multiple unofficial anthems Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2005 est. ... Matilda of Flanders (c. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; c. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... The city of León was founded by the Roman Seventh Legion (for unknown reasons always written as Legio Septima Gemina (twin seventh legion). It was the headquarters of that legion in the late empire and was a center for trade in gold which was mined at Las Médulas...


Family

Marriages

Robert II married:

  • c. 989, 1) Susanne (Rosala), Princess of Italy (c.945 - January 26, 1003). Widow of Count Arnulf II of Flanders, by whom she had issue. She was much older than Robert, and the marriage was arranged by his father. Robert divorced her a year later.
  • c. 996, 2) Bertha, Princess of Burgundy (952-1035). Widow of Count Theobald II of Blois. Because she was his cousin, Pope Gregory V would not sanction the marriage and Robert was excommunicated. However, after long negotiations with the new Pope Silvester II the marriage was annulled.

For the video game developers, see 989 Studios. ... Buwayhid dynasty takes control of Baghdad. ... January 26 is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... Arnulf II of Flanders (died March 30, 988) was Count of Flanders from 964 to 988. ... Events March/April - Pope John XV dies before being being able to coronate Otto III, King of Germany as Holy Roman Emperor. ... Coat of arms of the 2nd duchy of Burgundy and later of the French province of Burgundy Burgundy (French: Bourgogne) is a historic region of France, inhabited in turn by Pre-Indo-European people, Celts (Gauls), Romans (Gallo-Romans), and various Germanic peoples, most importantly the Burgundians and the Franks. ... Events Hugh Capet marries Adelaide of Aquitaine Deaths Emperor Suzaku of Japan Hugh, Duke of Burgundy Categories: 952 ... Events Harthacanute becomes king of Denmark. ... Gregory V, né Bruno ( 972 – February 18, 999), Pope from May 3, 996 to February 18, 999, son of the Salian Otto I, Duke of Carinthia, who was a grandson of the Emperor Otto I the Great (936–973). ... Gerbert of Aurillac, later known as pope Silvester II, (or Sylvester II), (ca. ... Events Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Silvester II. Canonisation of Edward the Martyr, king of England. ... Constance of Arles (973 - July 25, 1034) was the third wife and queen of King Robert II of France. ... Events Edgar of England is crowned king by Saint Dunstan Births September 15 - Al_Biruni, mathematician († 1048) Abu al-Ala al-Maarri, poet Deaths May 7 - Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Categories: 973 ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... Events April 11 - Empress Zoe of Byzantium marries her chamberlain and elevates him to the throne of the Eastern Roman Empire as Michael IV. Franche-Comté becomes subject to the Holy Roman Empire. ... William I (c. ...

Children

  • one child by Bertha (999-999)
  • Advisa, Countess of Auxerre, (c.1003-after 1063), married Count Renaud I of Nevers. Their children inherited the counties of Nevers and Auxerre.
  • Hugh Magnus, or Hugh "The Great" co-king (1007-September 17, 1025); Hugh is said to have been married (or betrothed) before his death to Halwisa (Hawisa?) or Elisabeth d'Avoye, dau of one Henri l'Oiseteur, who married 2ndly Hamon, Count of Corbeil. Elisabeth's second husband Hamon [1] was younger brother of William, Count of Corbeil (possibly also known as William, Count of Arques), and as such he was a descendant of Richard I "The Fearless" or "Sans-Peur", Duke of Normany, great-grandfather William II, Duke of Normandy, later styled "The Conqueror". One of Hamon and Elisabeth's sons was apparently Robert Fitzhamon (b ca. 1045-1055 d. 1107) who was an important figure in Anglo-Norman history from 1087 to 1106. However, these marriages and the exact connections of Hamon to the Dukes of Normandy have not been proven.
  • Henry I of France (May 4, 1008-August 4, 1060) ancestor of later Kings of France.
  • Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (1011-March 21, 1076) ancestor of the first Capetian house of Burgundy.
  • Eudes (1013-1056) died after the failed invasion of Normandy.
  • Adelaide of France (c.1014-January 8, 1079)
  • Beatrice of France (?-c.1072)
  • Rudolf of Bourges, illegitimate
  • Adela, Countess of Contenance, later Adela, Countess of Flanders (1009-June 5, 1063), married (1) Duke Richard III of Normandy; and (2) Count Baldwin V of Flanders. She is better known as the mother of Matilda of Flanders, wife of William the Conqueror. (not listed in Stoyan [2])
  • Constance (1014-unknown), married Manasses de Dammartin (not listed in Stoyan [3])

Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Events Silesia is incorporated into territory ruled by Boleslaus I of Poland Pope Silvester II succeeds Pope Gregory V Sigmundur Brestisson introduces christianity in the Faroe Islands Deaths December 16 - Saint Adelaide of Italy (b. ... Events Sweyn I of Denmark begins his first invasion of England. ... Events Anselm of Canterbury becomes prior at Le Bec Sancho I becomes ruler of Aragon Bishopric of Olomouc is founded Births Deaths April 30 - Emperor Renzong (b. ... Events Aethelred buys two years of peace with the Danes for 36,000 pounds of silver. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... Events April 18 - Boleslaw I Chrobry is crowned as the first king of Poland. ... Richard I of Normandy (933 - November 20, 996) was the Duke of Normandy from 942 to 996. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; c. ... Robert Fitzhamon (died March 1107) was Lord of Gloucester and the conqueror of Glamorgan. ... Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Events September 28 - Henry I of England defeats his older brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle of Tinchebrai, and imprisons him in Cardiff Castle; Edgar Atheling and William Clito are also taken prisoner. ... Henry I (French: Henri Ier) (May 4, 1008–August 4, 1060) was King of France from 1031 to 1060. ... May 4 is the 124th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (125th in leap years). ... Events Olof, king of Sweden, is baptized. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... Events May - The Norman leader Robert Guiscard conquers Taranto. ... Robert I Capet (1011 – March 21, 1076) was duke of Burgundy between 1032 to his death. ... Events Emperor Sanjo ascends to the throne of Japan. ... March 21 is the 80th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (81st in leap years). ... Events February 14 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Events Danish invasion of England under king Sweyn I. King Ethelred flees to Normandy, and Sweyn becomes king of England. ... Events Creation of the Crab Nebula observed by a Chinese astronomer Anselm of Canterbury leaves Italy. ... Mont Saint-Michel, one of the famous symbols of Normandy. ... Events February 14 - Pope Benedict VIII recognizes Henry of Bavaria as King of Germany July 29 - Battle of Kleidion: Basil II inflicts not only a decisive defeat on the Bulgarian army, but his subsequent savage treatment of 15,000 prisoners reportedly causes Tsar Samuil of Bulgaria to die of shock... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Persian astronomer, Omar Khayyám, computed the length of the year as 365. ... Events William I of England invades Scotland, and also receives the submission of Hereward the Wake. ... Adela of Flanders (1009-June 5, 1063) was the Countess of Contenance, later the Countess of Flanders, and second daughter of Robert II of France (Robert le Pieux) and Constance of Arles. ... Richard III (997 - 1027)was the eldest son of Richard II, Who died in 1027, and left the Duchy of Normandy to his eldest son. ... Baldwin V of Flanders (d. ... Matilda of Flanders (c. ... William of Normandy (French: Guillaume de Normandie; c. ...

External links

  • Stoyan

See also

Preceded by:
Hugh Capet
King of France
996–1031
Succeeded by:
Henry I

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert II of France (414 words)
Robert II, the Pious (972 - 1031) was King of France from 996 to 1031.
A member of the Capetian Dynasty, Robert II was born on March 27, 972 in Orleans, France, the son of King Hugh Capet (938-996) and Adelaide of Aquitaine (952-1004).
The kingdom Robert inherited was not large, and in an effort to increase his power, he vigorously pursued his claim to any of the feudal lands as they became vacant which action usually resulted in war with a counter-claimant.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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