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Encyclopedia > Robert Frost
Robert Lee Frost

Robert Frost (1941)
Born March 26, 1874
San Francisco, California, United States
Died January 29, 1963 (aged 88)
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
Occupation Poet and Playwright

Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874January 29, 1963) was an American poet. He is highly regarded for his realistic depictions of the rural life and his command of American colloquial speech.[1] His work frequently employed themes from the early 1900s rural life in New England, using the setting to examine complex social and philosophical themes. A popular and often-quoted poet, Frost was honored frequently during his lifetime, receiving four Pulitzer Prizes. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2177x2837, 374 KB) High resolution version from http://memory. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... San Francisco redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Boston redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about work. ... A poet (from the ancient Greek ποιητης, poïêtes (artisan) ; ποιέω, poieō) is a person who writes poetry. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... A poet (from the ancient Greek ποιητης, poïêtes (artisan) ; ποιέω, poieō) is a person who writes poetry. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The Pulitzer Prize is a United States literary award given out each April. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

A young Robert Frost, circa 1910
A young Robert Frost, circa 1910

Although he is commonly associated with New England, Robert Frost was a native of California, born in San Francisco, and lived there until he was 11 years old. His mother, Isabelle Moodie Frost, was of Scottish descent; his father, William Prescott Frost, Jr., was a descendant of colonist Nicholas Frost from Tiverton, Devon, England who had sailed to New Hampshire in 1634 on the Wolfrana. This article is about the U.S. state. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the country. ... Tiverton is a town in the County of Devon, in England. ... For other uses, see Devon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ...


Frost's father was a good teacher, and later an editor of the San Francisco Evening Bulletin (which was eventually merged into the San Francisco Examiner), and an unsuccessful candidate for the city tax collector. The road not taken for young Robert might have been as a Californian editor rather than a New England poet, but William Frost Jr. died May 5, 1885, debts were settled, and the family moved to Lawrence, Massachusetts where William Frost, Sr., was an overseer at a New England mill. Frost's mother joined the Swedenborgian church and had him baptized in it, but he left it as an adult. The San Francisco Examiner is a daily newspaper in San Francisco, California, where it has been published continuously since the late 19th Century. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...   Settled: 1655 â€“ Incorporated: 1847 Zip Code(s): 01840 â€“ Area Code(s): 351 / 978 Official website: http://www. ... Emanuel Swedenborg, 75, holding the manuscript of Apocalypsis Revelata (1766). ...


Despite his later association with rural life, Frost lived in the city, and published his first poem in the Lawrence high school magazine. He attended Dartmouth College, long enough to be accepted into the Theta Delta Chi fraternity. Frost returned home to teach and to work at various jobs including delivering newspapers and factory labor. He did not enjoy these jobs at all, feeling his true calling as a poet. Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Adult years

"In three words I can sum up everything I've learned about life — It goes on" -- Robert Frost
"In three words I can sum up everything I've learned about life — It goes on" -- Robert Frost

In 1894 he sold his first poem, "My Butterfly: An Elegy" (published in the November 8, 1894 edition of the New York Independent) for fifteen dollars. Proud of this accomplishment, he proposed marriage to Elinor Miriam White, but she refused, wanting to finish college (at St. Lawrence University) before they married. Frost then went on an excursion to the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia, and asked Elinor again upon his return. Having graduated, she agreed, and they were married in Harvard University, which he attended for two years. is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... St. ... The Great Dismal Swamp is located in southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina in the United States on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Harvard redirects here. ...


He did well, but left to support his growing family. Grandfather Frost purchased a farm for the young couple in Derry, New Hampshire, shortly before his death. Frost worked on the farm for nine years. He wrote early in the mornings, producing many of the poems that would later become famous. His attempts at farming were not successful, and Frost returned to education as an English teacher at Pinkerton Academy from 1906 to 1911, then at the New Hampshire Normal School (now Plymouth State University) in Plymouth, New Hampshire. Nickname: Location in Rockingham County, New Hampshire Coordinates: , Country State County Rockingham County Incorporated 1827 Government  - Town Council Brent Carney Kevin Coyle Craig W. Bulkley Janet Fairbanks Rick Metts Beverly Ferrante Brian Chirichiello Area  - Town  36. ... Pinkerton Academy is a secondary school in Derry, New Hampshire. ... Plymouth State University, formerly Plymouth State College, is a regional comprehensive university located in Plymouth, New Hampshire and part of the University System of New Hampshire. ... Plymouth is a town located in Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA, in the White Mountains Region. ...


In 1912, Frost sailed with his family to Great Britain, living first in Glasgow, before settling in Beaconsfield, outside London. His first book of poetry, A Boy's Will, was published the next year. In England he made some important acquaintances, including Edward Thomas (a member of the group known as the Dymock Poets), T.E. Hulme, and Ezra Pound. Pound would become the first American to write a (favorable) review of Frost's work. Surrounded by his peers, Frost wrote some of his best work while in England. For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... Beaconsfield is a market town in Buckinghamshire, England lying almost 25 miles NW of London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Edward Thomas (March 3, 1878 - April 9, 1917) was one of the best-known English poets of World War I. Thomas was of Welsh extraction but was born in London as Philip Edward Thomas. ... The Dymock poets were a literary group of the early 20th century, who made their home in the Gloucestershire village of Dymock. ... Thomas Ernest Hulme (September 16, 1883 - 28 September 1917) was an English writer, who during his informal tenure from 1909 as critic for The New Age, edited by A. R. Orage, exerted a notable influence on London modernism. ... Ezra Weston Loomis Pound (Hailey, Idaho Territory, United States, October 30, 1885 – Venice, Italy, November 1, 1972) was an American expatriate poet, critic and intellectual who was a major figure of the Modernist movement in early-to-mid 20th century poetry. ...


As World War I began, Frost returned to America in 1915. He bought a farm in Franconia, New Hampshire, where he launched a career of writing, teaching, and lecturing. The family homestead at Franconia, which served as his summer home until 1938, is maintained as a museum and poetry conference site. From 1916 to 1938, Frost was an English professor at Amherst College, encouraging his students to account for the sounds of the human voice in their craft. Starting in 1921, and for the next 42 years (with three exceptions), Frost spent his summers and into late fall teaching at the Bread Loaf School of English of Middlebury College in Ripton, Vermont. The college now owns and maintains Robert Frost's farm as a national historic site near the Bread Loaf campus. In 1940 Frost bought a five acre property in Coconut Grove, Florida (which would later become South Miami). He called the place Pencil Pines and spent the winters there for the rest of his life. [2] Franconia is a town located in Grafton County, New Hampshire. ... Amherst College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It is the third oldest college in Massachusetts. ... Middlebury College is a small, private liberal arts college located in the rural town of Middlebury, Vermont, United States. ... Ripton, Vermont Ripton is a town located in Addison County, Vermont. ...


Frost was 86 when he spoke at the inauguration of President Kennedy on January 20, 1961. He died a little more than two years later, from a blood clot in the lungs. This was a chain reaction from a prostate surgery in December 1962. He died in Boston, on January 29, 1963. He was buried at the Old Bennington Cemetery in Bennington, Vermont. John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Bennington (town), Vermont Old Bennington, Vermont Bennington County, Vermont North Bennington, Vermont Bennington (CDP), Vermont This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Harvard's 1965 alumni directory indicates his having received an honorary degree there; Frost also received honorary degrees from Bates College and Oxford and Cambridge universities, and he was the first to receive two honorary degrees from Dartmouth College. During his lifetime, the Robert Frost Middle School in Fairfax, Virginia, as well as the main library of Amherst College, were named after him. Harvard redirects here. ... Bates College is a private liberal arts college, founded in 1855 by abolitionists, located in Lewiston, Maine, in the United States. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1805 Government  - Mayor Robert Lederer Area  - City  6. ... Amherst College is a private liberal arts college in Amherst, Massachusetts, USA. It is the third oldest college in Massachusetts. ...


In the "Anthology of Modern American Poetry", published by Oxford University Press, Frost's poems are criticized due to their frequently pessimistic and menacing undertones.[3] Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ...


Personal life

Robert Frost's personal life was plagued with grief and loss. His father died of tuberculosis in 1885, when Frost was 11, leaving the family with just $8. Frost's mother died of cancer in 1900. In 1920, Frost had to commit his younger sister, Jeanie, to a mental hospital, where she died nine years later. Mental illness apparently ran in Frost's family, as both he and his mother suffered from depression, and his daughter Irma was committed to a mental hospital in 1947. Frost's wife, Elinor, also experienced bouts of depression. [4] Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... On the Threshold of Eternity. ...


Elinor and Robert Frost had six children: son Elliot (1896-1904, died of cholera), daughter Lesley (1899-?), son Carol (1902-1940, committed suicide), daughter Irma (1903-?), daughter Marjorie (1905-1934, died as a result of puerperal fever after childbirth), and daughter Elinor Bettina (died three days after birth in 1907). Only Lesley and Irma outlived their father. However, Frost had the unfortunate duty of committing Irma to a mental hospital in 1947. Frost's wife, who had heart problems throughout her life, developed breast cancer in 1937, and died of heart failure in 1938. [5] Distribution of cholera Cholera, sometimes known as Asiatic cholera or epidemic cholera, is an infectious gastroenteritis caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. ... Puerperal fever (from the latin puer, child), also called childbed fever or puerperal sepsis, is a serious form of septicaemia contracted by a woman during or shortly after childbirth or abortion. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ...


Selected Works

Poems

  • After Apple-Picking
  • Acquainted With the Night
  • An Old Man's Winter Night
  • Birches
  • Choose Something Like a Star
  • The Black Cottage
  • The Code
  • Come In
  • The Death of the Hired Man
  • Departmental
  • Desert Places
  • Design
  • Directive
  • Dust of Snow
  • The Fear
  • Fire and Ice (1916)
  • For Once, Then Something
  • The Generations of Men
  • A Girl's Garden
  • Good Hours
  • Good-bye, and Keep Cold
  • Mending Wall
  • The Mountain
  • Neither Out Far Nor in Deep
  • Dedication
  • The Gift Outright
  • Storm Fear
  • A Soldier
  • Nothing Gold Can Stay
  • October
  • Once By The Pacific(1916)
  • Out, Out— (1916)
  • The Oven Bird
  • Pan With Us
  • The Pasture
  • Putting in the Seed
  • Range-Finding
  • The Road Not Taken
  • The Rose Family
  • The Runaway
  • The Self-seeker
  • A Servant to Servants
  • Home Burial
  • The Sound Of The Trees
  • Spring Pools
  • The Star-Splitter
  • Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening
  • To E.T.
  • The Tuft of Flowers
  • Two Tramps in Mud Time
  • The Wood-Pile
  • Stars
  • My November Guest
  • Ghost House
  • Tree At My Window
  • What Fifty Said
  • The Road That Lost its Reason
  • Lure Of The West
  • War Thoughts At Home

Acquainted With the Night is a poem by Robert Frost, published in 1928 in his collection West-Running Brook. ... For other uses, see Fire and Ice. ... A rock fence in Vermont Mending Wall is a metaphorical poem written in blank verse, published in 1914, by Robert Frost (1874–1963). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see The Road Not Taken (disambiguation). ... Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening was written in 1922 by Robert Frost, and was published in 1923 in his New Hampshire volume. ...

Poetry Collections

  • *North of Boston (David Nutt, 1914; Holt, 1914)
  • Mountain Interval (Holt, 1916)
  • Selected Poems (Holt, 1923)
    • Includes poems from first three volumes and the poem The Runaway
  • New Hampshire (Holt, 1923; Grant Richards, 1924)
  • Several Short Poems (Holt, 1924)
    • Several Short Poems (Holt, 1924)
  • Selected Poems (Holt, 1928)
    • -this seems to be a 2nd edition of the 1923 publication; cannot verify
  • West-Running Brook (Holt, 1928? 1929)
  • The Lovely Shall Be Choosers (Random House, 1929)
  • Collected Poems of Robert Frost (Holt, 1930; Longmans, Green, 1930)
  • The Lone Striker (Knopf, 1933)
  • Selected Poems: Third Edition (Holt, 1934)
  • Three Poems (Baker Library, Dartmouth College, 1935)
  • The Gold Hesperidee (Bibliophile Press, 1935)
  • From Snow to Snow (Holt, 1936)
  • A Further Range (Holt, 1936; Cape, 1937)
  • Collected Poems of Robert Frost (Holt, 1939; Longmans, Green, 1939)
  • A Witness Tree (Holt, 1942; Cape, 1943)
  • Come In, and Other Poems (1943)
  • Steeple Bush (Holt, 1947)
  • Complete Poems of Robert Frost]], 1949 (Holt, 1949; Cape, 1951)
  • Hard Not To Be King (House of Books, 1951)
  • Aforesaid (Holt, 1954)
  • A Remembrance Collection of New Poems (Holt, 1959)
  • You Come Too (Holt, 1959; Bodley Head, 1964)
  • In the Clearing (Holt Rinehart & Winston, 1962)
  • The Poetry of Robert Frost (New York, 1969)
  • A Further Range (published as Further Range in 1926, as New Poems by Holt, 1936; Cape, 1937)
  • Nothing Gold Can Stay
  • What Fifty Said
  • Fire And Ice
  • A Drumlin Woodchuck

North of Boston is a 1914 poetry collection by Robert Frost. ... A rock fence in Vermont Mending Wall is a metaphorical poem written in blank verse, published in 1914, by Robert Frost (1874–1963). ... Mountain Interval is a 1916 poetry collection written by Robert Frost. ... For other uses, see The Road Not Taken (disambiguation). ... New Hampshire is a 1923 Pulitzer Prize-winning volume of poems written by Robert Frost. ... A book of poetry by Robert Frost, published by Henry Holt and Co. ... Dartmouth College is a private, coeducational university located in Hanover, New Hampshire, USA. Incorporated as Trustees of Dartmouth College,[6][7] it is a member of the Ivy League and one of the nine colonial colleges founded before the American Revolution. ... Nothing Gold Can Stay is the first full-length album by New Found Glory (credited as A New Found Glory). ...

Plays

  • A Way Out: A One Act Play (Harbor Press, 1929).
  • The Cow's in the Corn: A One Act Irish Play in Rhyme (Slide Mountain Press, 1929).
  • A Masque of Reason (Holt, 1945).
  • A Masque of Mercy (Holt, 1947).

A Masque of Reason is a 1945 play written by Robert Frost. ...

Prose

  • The Letters of Robert Frost to Louis Untermeyer (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963; Cape, 1964).
  • Robert Frost and John Bartlett: The Record of a Friendship, by Margaret Bartlett Anderson (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963).
  • Selected Letters of Robert Frost (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1964).
  • Interviews with Robert Frost (Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1966; Cape, 1967).
  • Family Letters of Robert and Elinor Frost (State University of New York Press, 1972).
  • Robert Frost and Sidney Cox: Forty Years of Friendship (University Press of New England, 1981).
  • The Notebooks of Robert Frost, edited by Robert Faggen (Harvard University Press, January 2007).[1]

Published as

Richard Poirier (born Gloucester, Massachusetts, 1925) is an American literary critic. ... Volumes in the Library of America series The Library of America (LoA) is a nonprofit publisher of classic American literature. ...

Pulitzer Prizes

  • 1924 for New Hampshire: A Poem With Notes and Grace Notes
  • 1931 for Collected Poems
  • 1937 for A Further Range
  • 1943 for A Witness Tree

Sources

  • Pritchard, William H. (2000). Frost's Life and Career (http). Retrieved on March 18, 2001.
  • Taylor, Welford Dunaway (1996). Robert Frost and J.J. Lankes: Riders on Pegasus. Hanover, New Hampshire: Dartmouth College Library. 
  • Burlington Free Press, January 8, 2008 Article: Vandalized Frost house drew a crowd
  • Collected Poems, Prose, & Plays. 10/1995 Library of America. Robert Frost. Edited by Richard Poirier and Mark Richardson. Trade ISBN 1-883011-06-X. [2]

This article is about the year. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Britannica on Frost
  2. ^ Muir, Helen. Frost in Florida (Valiant Press, 1995), 41.
  3. ^ Nelson, Cary, ed. Anthology of Modern American Poetry (Oxford University Press, 2000), 84.
  4. ^ Collected Poems, Prose, & Plays. 10/1995 Library of America. Robert Frost. Edited by Richard Poirier and Mark Richardson. Trade ISBN 1-883011-06-X
  5. ^ Collected Poems, Prose, & Plays. 10/1995 Library of America. Robert Frost. Edited by Richard Poirier and Mark Richardson. Trade ISBN 1-883011-06-X

External links

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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... The Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (usually shortened to HRHRC or just HRC) is an archive at the University of Texas at Austin, specializing in the collection of literary and other cultural artifacts from the United States and Europe. ... University of Texas redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Frost - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1287 words)
Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 – January 29, 1963) was an American poet, one of the foremost of the 20th century.
Frost was sure that there was another man and went on an excursion to the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia.
Robert Frost and John Bartlett: The Record of a Friendship, by Margaret Bartlett Anderson (Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1963).
Encyclopedia4U - Robert Frost - Encyclopedia Article (345 words)
Robert Lee Frost (March 26, 1874 - January 29, 1963) was, in the estimation of many Americans, the greatest American poet of the 20th century, and one of the greatest poets writing in English of the 20th century.
Frost, although most associated with New England, was born in San Francisco and lived in California until he was 11.
On his passing in 1963, Robert Frost was buried in the Old Bennington Cemetery, in Bennington, Vermont.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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