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Encyclopedia > Robert F. Stockton
Commodore Robert Field Stockton

Robert Field Stockton (20 August 17957 October 1866) was an United States naval officer, notable in the capture of California during the Mexican-American War. Stockton was from a notable political family and also served as a U.S. Senator from New Jersey. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (490x765, 69 KB) http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (490x765, 69 KB) http://www. ... August 20 is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 7 is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... An officer is a member of a military or naval service who holds a position of responsibility. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ...

Contents

Biography

He was born at Princeton, New Jersey into a political family; his father Richard Stockton was a U.S. Senator and Representative, and his grandfather, another Richard Stockton, signed the Declaration of Independence. Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ... Richard Stockton (1764-1828) was a respected lawyer that representated New Jersey in the U.S. Senate and later served in the House of Representatives. ... Richard Stockton Richard Stockton (October 1, 1730 – February 28, 1781) was an American lawyer, jurist, legislator, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. ... A copy of the 1823 William J. Stone reproduction of the Declaration of Independence The United States Declaration of Independence was an act of the Second Continental Congress, adopted on July 4, 1776, which declared that the Thirteen Colonies were independent of the Kingdom of Great Britain. ...


Robert was appointed a midshipman in the U.S. Navy at the age of 16, serving at sea and ashore during the War of 1812. After that conflict, Lieutenant Stockton was assigned to ships operating in the Mediterranean, in the Caribbean and off the coast of West Africa. He was the first naval officer to act against the slave trade and captured several slave ships. Stockton along with Dr. Ayrs of the colonization society negotiated a treaty that led to the founding of the state of Liberia. During the later 1820s and into the 1830s, he primarily devoted his attention to business affairs in New Jersey. The birth of his son John P. Stockton, later also a U.S. Senator representing New Jersey, occurred during this time. A midshipman is a subordinate officer, or alternatively a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the navies of several English-speaking countries. ... The United States Navy, also known as the USN or the U.S. Navy, is a branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... Combatants United States Britain Canadian militia Eastern Woodland Indians Commanders James Madison Henry Dearborn Jacob Brown Winfield Scott Andrew Jackson George Prevost Isaac Brock† Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:6 •Other vessels... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Map of Central America and the Caribbean Caribbean Sea from space (top left). ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... Nationalistic independence helped reshape the world during this decade: Greece gains independence from the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence (1821-1827). ... Events and Trends Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Dutch-speaking farmers known as Voortrekkers emigrate northwards from the Cape Colony Croquet invented in Ireland Railroad construction begins in earnest in the United States Egba refugees fleeing the Yoruba civil wars found the city of Abeokuta in south-west Nigeria... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... John Potter Stockton (August 2, 1826–January 22, 1900) was a New Jersey politician who served in the United States Senate as a Democrat. ...


In 1838, Stockton resumed active naval service as a captain. He served in the European area, but took leave in 1840 to undertake political work. Offered the post of U.S. Secretary of the Navy by President John Tyler in 1841, he declined the offer, but worked successfully to gain support for the construction of an advanced steam warship with a battery of very heavy guns. | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Flag of the United States Secretary of the Navy. ... John Tyler, Jr. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


This ship became USS Princeton, the Navy's first screw-propelled steamer. The ship was designed by John Ericsson. Stockton commanded her when she was completed in 1843. Although he was the deviser of a defective gun, Captain Stockton was absolved of responsibility for the February 1844 explosion of the gun, the Peacemaker, on board the ship. The explosion killed two cabinet officers and several others.[citation needed] The first Princeton was the first screw steam warship in the United States Navy. ... Paddle steamers — Lucerne, Switzerland. ... John Ericsson (1803-1889) This article is about John Ericsson, the Swedish and American inventor. ... Year 1843 (MDCCCXLIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Jan. ...


With the temporary title of Commodore, Stockton commanded naval forces in the eastern Pacific Ocean, and was instrumental in taking California from Mexico at the Battle of Rio San Gabriel and Battle of La Mesa. He served as the first military governor of California. Commodore is a military rank used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a Flag Officer. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Combatants United States of America Mexico Californeros Commanders Robert F. Stockton Stephen Watts Kearny José Mariá Flores Strength U.S. naval and army forces 600 sailors, marines and dragoons Californios sympathic to Mexico 300 dragoons 200 soldiers Casualties 143 80 The Battle of Rio San Gabriel was a part of... The Battle of La Mesa occurred on January 9, 1847 in present-day Vernon, in which the outgunned and outnumbered Californios (The Americans having rifles, the Californios fighting on horseback with only lances)almost gained the advantage, but they fell back and camped at present-day Pasadena, giving up Los...


Stockton resigned from the Navy in May 1850 and returned to business and political pursuits. In 1851 he was elected as a Democrat from New Jersey to the United States Senate, where he sponsored a bill to abolish flogging as a Navy punishment. He resigned on January 10, 1853 to serve as president of the Delaware and Raritan Canal Company, a position he held until 1866. For the game, see: 1850 (board game) Year 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States; the other being the Republican Party. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      Senate composition following 2006 elections The United States Senate is... Whipping on a post Flagellation is the act of whipping (Latin flagellum, whip) the human body. ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... D&R Canal (2005) Map of the Delaware & Raritan Canal The Delaware and Raritan Canal (D&R Canal) is a canal in central New Jersey built in the 1830s that served to connect the Delaware River to the Raritan River. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


In 1861 he was a delegate to the unsuccessful conference that attempted to settle the secession crisis. In 1863, he was appointed to command the New Jersey militia when the Confederate Army invaded Pennsylvania. Captain Robert F. Stockton died at Princeton, New Jersey, and is buried in the Princeton Cemetery. 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by... Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker. ... Some Confederate soldiers The Confederate States Army (CSA) was formed in February 1861 to defend the Confederate States of America, which had itself been formed that same year when seven Southern states seceded from the United States (four more states soon followed). ... Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ... Princeton Cemetery is located in Borough of Princeton, New Jersey. ...


Four U.S. Navy ships have been named USS Stockton in honor of Robert F. Stockton. The cities of Stockton, California and Fort Stockton, Texas are named in his honor, as is Stockton Street in San Francisco, California and Fort Stockton, San Diego, California, which is now a ruin, but was occupied during the Mexican-American War. Three ships in the United States Navy have been named USS Stockton for Commodore Robert F. Stockton. ... City nickname: Californias Sunrise Seaport City slogan: Stocktons Great, Take A Look! County: San Joaquin Area code: 209 ZIP code: 952xx Area:  - Total  - Water 144. ... Fort Stockton is a city in Pecos County, Texas. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government...


See also

Notes

    References

    Further reading: The United States Navy: A 200-year History. pp 196-221. Houghton Mifflin Company. C 1986


    External links:

    • Biographical Dictionary of the U.S. Congress
    Preceded by
    John Drake Sloat
    Military Governor of California
    1846-1847
    Succeeded by
    John C. Frémont
    Preceded by
    William L. Dayton
    United States Senator (Class 1) from New Jersey
    18511853
    Served alongside: Jacob W. Miller
    Succeeded by
    John R. Thomson

     
     

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