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Encyclopedia > Robert F. Furchgott

Robert F. Furchgott (born June 4, 1916 in Charleston, South Carolina) is a Nobel Prize-winning American chemist. June 4 is the 155th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (156th in leap years), with 210 days remaining. ... 1916 (MCMXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January-February January 1 - The Royal Army Medical Corps first successful blood transfusion using blood that had been stored and cooled. ... Nickname: The Holy City, The Palmetto City Motto: Aedes Mores Juraque Curat Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 40th 82,965 km² 320 km 420 km 6 32°430N to 35°12N 78°030W to 83°20W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 26th 4,012... Sir Edward Appletons medal Photographs of Nobel Prize Medals. ... Chemist Julie Perkins of Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory pours from a Florence flask. ...


Furchgott graduated with a degree in chemistry in 1937 from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and became doctor of biochemistry at Northwestern University in 1940. From 1956 to 1988, he was professor of pharmacology at the State University of New York. 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public, coeducational, research university located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States. ... For other schools named Northwestern please see Northwestern College. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1940 calendar). ... 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon (φάρμακον) meaning drug, and logos (λόγος) meaning science) is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems. ... The State University of New York (acronym SUNY; usually pronounced SOO-nee) is a system of public institutions of higher education in New York, United States. ...


In 1978, Furchgott discovered a substance in endothelial cells that relaxes blood vessels, calling it endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). By 1986, he had worked out EDRF's nature and mechanism of action, and determined that EDRF was in fact nitric oxide (NO), an important compound in many aspects of cardiovascular physiology. 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... The endothelium is the layer of thin, flat cells that lines the interior surface of blood vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall. ... The arterial system The blood vessels are part of the circulatory system and function to transport blood throughout the body. ... Endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) was the tentative name of what was later discovered to be nitric oxide (NO). ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The chemical compound nitric oxide is a gas with chemical formula NO. It is an important signaling molecule in the body of mammals including humans, one of the few gaseous signaling molecules known. ...


Aside from the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine he received in 1998, Furchgott has also received a Gairdner Foundation International Award for his groundbreaking discoveries (1991) and the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1996), the latter with Ferid Murad. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Gairdner Foundation International Award is given annually at a special dinner to three to six people for outstanding discoveries or contributions to medical science. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research is awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the understanding, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and cure of disease. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... Ferid Murad (born September 14, 1936) is an American physician and pharmacologist, and a co-winner of the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. ...


As of 2004, Furchgott lives in Brooklyn and has three children. He continues to serve as a faculty member at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... // Headline text For other uses, see Brooklyn (disambiguation). ...


External links

  • Furchgott's autobiography
  • His laboratory's webpage

 
 

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