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Encyclopedia > Robert Emmet
Robert Emmet
Robert Emmet

Robert Emmet (4 March 177820 September 1803) was an Irish nationalist rebel leader. He led an abortive rebellion against British rule in 1803 and was captured, tried and executed. Image File history File links Robert Emmet From Project Gutenberg eText 13112: Speeches from the Dock, Part I, by Various http://www. ... Image File history File links Robert Emmet From Project Gutenberg eText 13112: Speeches from the Dock, Part I, by Various http://www. ... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1778 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Irish nationalism refers to political movements that desire greater autonomy or the independence of Ireland from Great Britain. ...

Contents

Early life

Emmet was born in Dublin, Ireland in 1778. His father served as surgeon to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland and to members of the British Royal Family on their visits to Ireland but despite his privileged position in Irish society Emmet, like many of his contemporaries, was attracted to revolutionary republican politics. Official standard of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland The Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (plural: Lords Lieutenant), also known as the Judiciar in the early mediaeval period and as the Lord Deputy as late as the 17th century, was the Kings representative and head of the Irish executive during the... Members of the Royal Family on the balcony of Buckingham Palace after the Trooping the Colour ceremony The British Royal Family is shared between the Commonwealth Realms; this article focuses on the perspective of United Kingdom. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


His education at Trinity College, Dublin when he joined the patriotic society, the Society of United Irishmen who had initially campaigned for parliamentary reform and an end to religious discrimination against Catholics (though Emmet and many United Irishmen were Protestants). However, when the United Irishmen were banned following the British declaration of war on Revolutionary France in 1793, the organisation was forced underground and now aimed for full Irish independence, preparing for insurrection with French aid. Robert Emmet's brother Thomas Addis Emmet was a senior member of the United Irishmen and had to flee for France to escape prosecution for treason. The rebellion of 1798 was crushed but Emmet and others sought exile in France, joining the groups of emigre revolutionaries in Paris. Equality — It is new strung and shall be heard United Irish Symbol — Harp without Crown and Cap of Liberty The Society of United Irishmen was founded as a Liberal political organisation in eighteenth century Ireland that sought Parliamentary reform. ... The period of the French Revolution in the history of France covers the years between 1789 and 1799, in which democrats and republicans overthrew the absolute monarchy and the Roman Catholic Church perforce underwent radical restructuring. ... Thomas Addis Emmet (April 24, 1764-November 14, 1827), Irish lawyer and politician, was senior member of the revolutionary republican group, the [[United Irishmen in the 1790s. ... Combatants United Irishmen French First Republic Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Commanders Local leaders, General Humbert Cornwallis Lake Strength  ? Various, at peak mid-June c. ...


In 1802 during a brief lull in the Napoleonic Wars Emmet joined an Irish delegation to Napoleon asking for support. However the delegation returned unsuccessfully. Combatants Austria[1] Portugal Prussia[1] Russia[2] Sicily  Spain[3]  Sweden United Kingdom[4] French Empire Holland Italy Naples [5] Duchy of Warsaw Bavaria[6] Saxony[7] Denmark-Norway [8] Commanders Archduke Charles Prince Schwarzenberg Karl Mack von Leiberich João Francisco de Saldanha Oliveira e Daun Gebhard von...

Statue of Robert Emmet in Dublin, Ireland
Statue of Robert Emmet in Dublin, Ireland

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

1803 rebellion

When European conflict was renewed in May 1803, Emmet returned to Ireland and together with other revolutionaries such as Thomas Russell and James Hope , prepared to launch a new rebellion. Emmet began to manufacture weapons and explosives at a number of premises in Dublin and even innovated a folding pike which could be concealed under a cloak, being fitted with a hinge. Unlike in 1798, the preparations for the uprising were successfully concealed, but a premature explosion at one of Emmet's arms depots killed a man and forced Emmet to bring forward the date of the rising before the authorities' suspicions were aroused. Thomas Russell (1767-1803) was a co-founder and leader of the United Irishmen who was executed for his part in Robert Emmets rebellion in 1803. ... James Hope (1764-1847), was one of the leaders of the Society of the United Irishmen who fought in the 1798 and 1803 rebellions against British rule in Ireland. ... A modern recreation of a mid-17th century company of pikemen. ... Evening cloak or manteau, from Costume Parisien, 1823 A cloak is a type of loose garment that is worn over indoor clothing and serves the same purpose as an overcoat—it protects the wearer from the cold, rain or wind for example, or it may form part of a fashionable... Combatants United Irishmen French First Republic Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Commanders Local leaders, General Humbert Cornwallis Lake Strength  ? Various, at peak mid-June c. ...


Emmet was unable to secure the help of Michael Dwyer's Wicklow rebels and many Kildare rebels who had arrived turned back due to the scarcity of firearms they had been promised but the rising went ahead in Dublin on the evening of July 23, 1803. Failing to seize Dublin Castle, which was lightly defended, the rising amounted to a large-scale riot in the Thomas Street area. The Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, Lord Kilwarden, chief prosecutor of William Orr in 1797, was dragged from his carriage and hacked to death. Emmet personally witnessed a dragoon being pulled from his horse and piked to death, the sight of which prompted him to call off the rising to avoid further bloodshed. Michael Dwyer (1772-1825) was a United Irish leader in the 1798 rising and later fought a guerilla campaign against the British army in the Wicklow Mountains from 1798-1803. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Dublin city centre at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Dublin Castle. ... The Four Courts The headquarters of the Irish judicial system since 1804. ... William Orr (1766-1797) was a member of the United Irishman who was executed in 1797 in what was widely believed to be a judicial murder and whose memory led to the rallying cry “Remember Orr” during the 1798 rebellion. ... Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... French dragoon, 1745. ...


Emmet's fate

Robert Emmet's Death Mask in Kilmainham Jail.
Robert Emmet's Death Mask in Kilmainham Jail.

Emmet fled into hiding but was captured on 25 August, near Harold's cross. He endangered his life by moving his hiding place from Rathfarnam to Harold's Cross so that he could be near his sweetheart, Sarah Curran. He was tried for treason on 19 September; the Crown repaired the weaknesses in its case by secretly buying the assistance of Emmet's defense attorney, Leonard Macnally, for £200 and a pension. However his assistant Peter Burrowes could not be bought and pleaded the case as best he could. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The death mask of Australian bushranger Ned Kelly A death mask is a plaster or wax cast made of a persons face following death. ... Victorian Wing Kilmainham Gaol, also known as Kilmainham Jail, is a former prison located in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the historical Irish person, see Sarah Curran (historical) For the pub in Rathfarnham named after Sarah Curran, see Sarah Curran(Pub) Categories: Disambiguation ... is the 262nd day of the year (263rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Leonard Macnally (1752- 13th February, 1820), Irish was one of the most important government informants against members of the Society of the United Irishmen. ...


After he had been sentenced Emmet delivered a speech, the Speech from the Dock, which is especially remembered for its closing sentences and secured his posthumous fame among executed Irish republicans. However no definitive version was written down by Emmet himself. Fianna Fáil - The Republican Party (Pronounced fee-na fall.) (English: Soldiers of Destiny) is the largest political party in the Republic of Ireland. ...

"Let no man write my epitaph; for as no man who knows my motives dares now vindicate them, let not prejudice or ignorance asperse them. When my country takes her place among the nations of the earth then and not till then, let my epitaph be written".

An earlier version of the speech was published in 1818, in a biography on Sarah Curran's father John, emphasizing that Emmet's epitaph would be written on the vindication of his character, and not specifically when Ireland took its place as a nation. It closed:[1] John Philpot Curran (1750-1817) was an Irish orator and wit, born in County Cork. ...

"I am here ready to die. I am not allowed to vindicate my character; no man shall dare to vindicate my character; and when I am prevented from vindicating myself, let no man dare to calumniate me. Let my character and my motives repose in obscurity and peace, till other times and other men can do them justice. Then shall my character be vindicated; then may my epitaph be written."

On 20 September Emmet was executed by hanging and beheading in Thomas Street. The remains were then secretly buried. The whereabouts of his remains has remained a mystery.[2] It was suspected that it had been buried secretly in the vault of a Dublin Anglican church. When the vault was inspected in the 1950s a headless corpse that could not be identified, but which was suspected of being Emmet's, was found. In the 1980s the church was turned into a night club and all the coffins removed from the vaults. What was done with the mysterious corpse is unknown. is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... For people named Coffin, see Coffin (surname). ...


Legacy

Monument to Robert Emmet on Embassy Row in Washington, D.C.
Monument to Robert Emmet on Embassy Row in Washington, D.C.

Although Emmet's rebellion was a complete failure, he became an heroic figure in Irish history. His speech from the dock is widely quoted and remembered, especially among Irish nationalists.[2][3][4] Emmet's housekeeper, Anne Devlin, is also remembered in Irish history for enduring torture without providing information to the authorities.[2] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 2. ... An Irish nationalist is generally one who seeks (greater) independence of Ireland from Great Britain, including since 1921 the goal of a United Ireland. ... Anne Devlin was Robert Emmets Romantic friend. ... Torture, according to international law, is any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has...


Robert Emmet wrote a letter from his cell in Kilmainham Jail, Dublin on 1803-09-08. He addressed it to "Miss Sarah Curran, the Priory, Rathfarnham" and handed it to a prison warden, George Dunn, whom he trusted to deliver it. Dunn betrayed him and gave the letter to the government authorities, an action that nearly cost Sarah Curran her life. His attempt to hide near Sarah Curran, which cost him his life, and his parting letter to her made him into a romantic character, which appealed to the Victorian Era's appetite for sentiment. His story became the subject of stage melodramas during the 19th century, most notably Dion Boucicault's hugely inaccurate 1884 play Robert Emmet, inaccuracies including Emmet and Sarah being portrayed as Roman Catholics, John Philpot Curran being portrayed as a Unionist, and Emmet being killed onstage by firing squad. Victorian Wing Kilmainham Gaol, also known as Kilmainham Jail, is a former prison located in Kilmainham, Dublin, Ireland. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the historical Irish person, see Sarah Curran (historical) For the pub in Rathfarnham named after Sarah Curran, see Sarah Curran(Pub) Categories: Disambiguation ... A priory is an ecclesiastical circumscription run by a prior. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Irish Grid Reference O144289 Statistics Province: Leinster County: Elevation: 54 m Population (2006) 17,333  Website: www. ... For the historical Irish person, see Sarah Curran (historical) For the pub in Rathfarnham named after Sarah Curran, see Sarah Curran(Pub) Categories: Disambiguation ... Robert Emmet Robert Emmet (4 March 1778 – 20 September 1803) was an Irish nationalist rebel leader. ... Queen Victoria (shown here on the morning of her accession to the Throne, 20 June 1837) gave her name to the historic era The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... Poster for a production of Boucicaults farce Contempt of Court, c. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... John Philpot Curran (1750-1817) was an Irish orator and wit, born in County Cork. ... The word Unionist, simply meaning one espousing a union, has a number of connotations, depending on context: Unionists are people in Ireland, England, Scotland and Wales who were historically in favour of uniting their nations into a United Kingdom, or who in modern times wish their nations to remain part... Execution by firing squad is a method of capital punishment, especially in times of war. ...


Robert's friend from Trinity College, Thomas Moore, championed his cause by writing hugely popular ballads about him and Sarah Curran, such as For other persons named Thomas Moore, see Thomas Moore (disambiguation). ...

"Oh breathe not his name! let it sleep in the shade,
Where cold and unhonoured his relics are laid!"

and

"She is far from the land where her young lover sleeps
And lovers around her are sighing."
Wikisource has original text related to this article:

Washington Irving, one of America's greatest early writers, devoted a story (The Broken Heart) in his magnus opus The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon to the romance between Emmet and Sarah Curran, citing it as an example of how a broken heart can be fatal. Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Washington Irving (April 3, 1783 – November 28, 1859) was an American author of the early 19th century. ... Magnum opus, from the Latin meaning great work, refers to the best or most renowned achievement of an author, artist, or composer. ... Headline text ...


Robert Emmet's older brother, Thomas Addis Emmet would emigrate to the United States shortly after Robert's execution and would eventually serve as the New York State Attorney General. His great-grand-nieces are the prominent American portait painters Lydia Field Emmet, Rosina Sherwood Emmet, Jane Emmet de Glehn and Ellen Emmet Rand. Robert Emmet's great-great nephew was the American playwright Robert Emmet Sherwood. Thomas Addis Emmet (April 24, 1764-November 14, 1827), Irish lawyer and politician, was senior member of the revolutionary republican group, the [[United Irishmen in the 1790s. ... See also Attorney General. ... Lydia Field Emmet, Self Portrait. 1912. ... Jane Erin Emmet de Glehn (1873-1961) was a notable American figure and portrait painter. ... Robert Emmet Sherwood (4 April 1896–14 November 1955) American playwright, editor, and screenwriter. ...


Places named after Emmet include Emmetsburg, Iowa.[3] There is a statue of Emmet in front of the under-construction Academy of Science, in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco. Emmetsburg is a city in Palo Alto County, Iowa, United States. ... Golden Gate Park, located in San Francisco, California, is a large urban park. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


See also

Wikisource
Wikisource has original works written by or about:

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... This is a list of people on the postage stamps of the Republic of Ireland, including the years when they appeared on a stamp. ...

References

  1. ^ Phillips, C. Recollections of Curran (1818 Milliken, Dublin) pp.256-259.
  2. ^ a b c Sean Murphy (2003-09-20). Irish Historical Mysteries: The Grave of Robert Emmet.
  3. ^ a b A Small Town Struggles to Preserve Its Irish Heritage. Irish America Magazine Sept/Oct. 1993.
  4. ^ Ruán O’Donnell (July 2003). Robert Emmet: enigmatic revolutionary. Irish Democrat.

Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Honourable Mr Justice Adrian Hardiman, (born 1951) has been a justice of the Supreme Court of Ireland since February 7, 2000. ...

Additional reading

  • Marianne Elliott, Robert Emmet: The Making of a Legend
  • Hugh Gough, David Dickson (Eds), Ireland and the French Revolution
  • Patrick Geoghegan, Robert Emmet: A Life (Gill and Macmillan) ISBN 0-7171-3387-7
  • Sean McMahon, Robert Emmet
  • Sean O Bradaigh, Bold Robert Emmet 1778-1803
  • Ruan O'Donnell, Robert Emmet and the Rebellion of 1798
  • Ruan O'Donnell, Robert Emmet and the Rising of 1803
  • Ruan O'Donnell, Remember Emmet: Images of the Life and legacy of Robert Emmet
  • Jim Smyth, The Men of No Property: Irish Radicals and Popular Politics in the Late Eighteenth Century
  • A.T.Q. Stewart, A Deeper Silence: The Hidden Origins of the United Irish Movement

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Emmet History (1607 words)
Emmet was described by Surgeon Wright in 1799 as 'a young man with military talent' who evidently sponsored his admission to the reformed Dublin-based Directory by January of that year.
Emmet was the key link man between the exiled United Irish leadership on the continent and the new cadres which had coalesced after 1798 in Britain and Ireland.
Emmet, however, had decided that it was not worth risking these men in a doomed effort and did not send off the rockets.
Robert Emmet - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (800 words)
Emmet was born in Sam's Cross, near Clonakilty in West Cork in 1780.
Robert Emmet's brother Thomas Addis Emmet was a senior member of the United Irishmen and had to flee for France to escape government repression.
Ruan O'Donnell, Robert Emmet and the Rebellion of 1798
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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