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Encyclopedia > Robert C. Byrd
Robert C. Byrd
Robert C. Byrd

Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is a West Virginia Democrat serving in the United States Senate. As of 2005, he is the longest-serving member of the U.S. Congress, having served in the United States House of Representatives from January 3, 1953, until he entered the Senate on January 3, 1959; current Dean of the House John Dingell has only served since December 1955. At 87, Byrd is the oldest member of Congress. Some like to call Byrd a "walking encyclopedia" on the history of both the American and Roman senates. Robert Byrd File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Robert Byrd File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1917 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... Seal of the Congress. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dean of the U.S. House of Representatives is the longest-serving (in consecutive terms) member of the United States House of Representatives, at present John Dingell. ... John Dingell John David Dingell Jr. ... December is the twelfth and last month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Roman Senate (Latin, Senatus) was a deliberative body which was important in the government of both the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. ...


Byrd has held the office of president pro tempore of the Senate three times, most recently from 2001 to 2003. He has served as a member of the Appropriations Committee since the 1950s and is chairman of the committee when the Democratic party is in the Senate majority. Should he win re-election in 2006 and serve a full term, his term will expire in January 2013, when he will have been in Congress for 60 years and the Senate for 54 years. He already holds the record for the longest uninterrupted term of service in the history of the U.S. Senate. Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2013 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Biography

Early life and political career

Byrd was born Cornelius Calvin Sale Jr. in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina, in 1917. When he was one year old, his mother died in the 1918 Flu Pandemic. In accordance with his mother's wishes, his father dispersed the family children among relatives. His father was a member of the KKK. [1] He was given to the custody of an aunt and an uncle, Vlurma and Titus Byrd, who renamed him Robert Byrd; they raised him in the coal-mining region of southern West Virginia. His parents inculcated Byrd in "the typical southern viewpoint of the time," Bryd has written. "Blacks were generally distrusted by many whites, and I suspect they were subliminally feared." [2] Byrd graduated as valedictorian of his high school class and soon afterwards married Erma Ora, his wife today. It was twelve years before he could afford to go to college. He eventually attended Beckley College, Concord College, Morris Harvey College, and Marshall College, all in West Virginia. He worked as a gas-station attendant, grocery-store clerk, shipyard welder, and butcher before he won a seat in the state legislature in 1946. Byrd was a member of the West Virginia House of Delegates from 1947 to 1950. He was a member of the West Virginia Senate from 1951 to 1952. Since that first bid for office, Byrd has never lost an election. He graduated from American University's Washington College of Law in 1963. He has two daughters, Mona and Marjorie, as well as several grandchildren and great-grandchildren. North Wilkesboro is a town located in Wilkes County, North Carolina. ... 1917 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... The Spanish Flu Pandemic, also known as the Great Influenza Pandemic, the 1918 Flu Epidemic, and La Grippe, was an unusually severe and deadly strain of influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 25 million to 50 million people world-wide in 1918 and 1919. ... Concord University is a comprehensive, public, liberal arts institution located in Athens, West Virginia founded on February 28, 1872, when the West Virginia Legislature passed an Act to locate a Branch State Normal School, in Concord Church, in the County of Mercer. ... The University of Charleston is a private college in Charleston, West Virginia of approximately 1,000 students. ... Marshall University is a public university based in Huntington, West Virginia. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... American University is a fully accredited and internationally known private coeducational university located at Ward Circle, straddling the Spring Valley and American University Park areas of Northwest Washington, DC. It currently has roughly 5,000 undergraduate students, and approximately the same number of graduate students. ... 1963 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Participation in the Ku Klux Klan

In the early 1940's, when Byrd was approximately 24 years old, he joined the Ku Klux Klan, which he had seen holding parades in Matoaka, West Virginia as a child, his father having been among the hooded marchers. He "recruited 150 of his friends and associates to form a chapter of the Ku Klux Klan. After Byrd had collected the $10 joining fee and $3 charge for a robe and hood from every applicant, the Grand Dragon Joel L. Baskin for the mid-Atlantic states came down to tiny Crab Orchard, W.Va., to officially organize the chapter..."When it came time to choose the Exalted Cyclops, the top officer in the local Klan unit, Byrd won unanimously." [3] Byrd, in his autobiography, attributed the beginnings of his political career to this incident, though he lamented that they involved the Klan. According to Byrd's recollection, Baskin told him "You have a talent for leadership, Bob...The country needs young men like you in the leadership of the nation." Byrd recalls that "Suddenly lights flashed in my mind! Someone important had recognized my abilities. I was only 23 or 24, and the thought of a political career had never struck me. But strike me that night, it did."[4] Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Matoaka is a town located in Mercer County, West Virginia. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Grand Wizard was the title used by the overall leader of earliest form of the Klan, during Reconstruction in the South. ... Exalted Cyclops was an officer title and rank used by the Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist hate group based in the United States, at its peak in the early to mid 20th century. ...


It was a common Klan practice to use frightening sounding titles for its officials based upon the group's belief that African Americans were especially superstitious and would be intimidated by the names alone, as well as by the garb, symbols and violence of the organization. African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... Superstition is a set of behaviors that are related to magical thinking, whereby the practitioner believes that the future, or the outcome of certain events, can be influenced by certain specified behaviors. ...


He participated in the KKK for a period of time during World War II, holding the titles "Kleagle", which indicated a Klan recruiter, and "Exalted Cyclops." Byrd did not serve in the military during the war, working instead as a welder in a Baltimore shipyard, assembling warships. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (over 11 miles) into the air. ... A welder is a tradesman who specialises in welding materials together. ... This article is about the city in the US state of Maryland. ... USS Port Royal (CG-73), a Ticonderoga class cruiser. ...


Though Byrd did not serve himself, he commented on the 1945 controversy raging over the idea of racially integrating the military. In his book When Jim Crow Met John Bull [5], Graham Smith referred to a letter written that year by Byrd, when he was 28 years old, to racist Senator Theodore Bilbo of Mississippi, in which Byrd vowed never to fight: 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... A senate is a deliberative body, often the upper house or chamber of a legislature. ... Theodore Gilmore Bilbo (October 13, 1877–August 21, 1947) was an American politician. ... State nickname: Magnolia State Other U.S. States Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Governor Haley Barbour Official languages English Area 125,546 km² (32nd)  - Land 121,606 km²  - Water 3,940 km² (3%) Population (2000)  - Population 2,697,243 (31st)  - Density 23. ...

"with a Negro by my side. Rather I should die a thousand times, and see Old Glory trampled in the dirt never to rise again, than to see this beloved land of ours become degraded by race mongrels, a throwback to the blackest specimen from the wilds." [6]

When running for Congress in 1952, he announced, "After about a year, I became disinterested, quit paying my dues, and dropped my membership in the organization. During the nine years that have followed, I have never been interested in the Klan." During this campaign, "Byrd went on the radio to acknowledge that he belonged to the Klan from 'mid-1942 to early 1943,' according to newspaper accounts. He explained that he had joined 'because it offered excitement and because it was strongly opposed to communism.' " He said that after about a year, he quit and dropped his membership, and never was interested in the Klan again.ibid The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


During the campaign, Byrd's Republican opponent "uncovered a letter Byrd had handwritten to [...] the KKK Imperial Wizard, recommending a friend as a Kleagle and urging promotion of the Klan throughout the country. The letter was dated 1946 -- when Byrd was 29 years old and long after the time Byrd claimed he had lost interest in the Klan. 'The Klan is needed today as never before, and I am anxious to see its rebirth here in West Virginia," Byrd wrote, according to newspaper accounts of that period."ibid Republican as a term used generally to describe a number of different organisations, principles or political movements, and/or the persons supporting these. ... Imperial Wizard was the title used by the national leader of the white supremacist hate group the Ku Klux Klan in the 20th century. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


During his campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1958, when Byrd was 41 years old, Byrd defended the Klan. He argued that the KKK had been incorrectly blamed for much of violence in the South. [7] The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since then, Byrd has often referred to his Klan membership as a mistake of his youth. As recently as 1997, he told an interviewer he'd encourage young people to become involved in politics, but with this warning: "Be sure you avoid the Ku Klux Klan. Don't get that albatross around your neck. Once you've made that mistake, you inhibit your operations in the political arena." Conservatives argue, however, that he has received preferential treatment concerning his KKK past and Byrd's Klan membership has been ignored by the mainstream media. [8] 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Genera Diomedea Thallasarche Phoebastria Phoebetria The albatrosses (from Portuguese Alcatraz, a pelican) are seabirds in the family Diomedeidae, which is closely allied to the petrels. ...


U.S. Senate

He was first elected to the Senate in 1958 and has held the position ever since. 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the 1960 Presidential election primaries, Byrd, a close ally of Lyndon B. Johnson, then Senate Majority Leader, tried to derail the Democratic front-runner and ultimately successful candidate John F. Kennedy in the crucial West Virginia primary. "Kennedy allies retaliated with leaks to the press about Byrd's work as a Klan organizer." [9] 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Order: 35th President Vice President: Lyndon B. Johnson Term of office: January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963 Preceded by: Dwight D. Eisenhower Succeeded by: Lyndon B. Johnson Date of birth: May 29, 1917 Place of birth: Brookline, Massachusetts Date of death: November 22, 1963 Place of death: Dallas, Texas First...


Byrd later joined with other southern Democrats to oppose the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Byrd filibustered the bill for more than 14 hours, saying it abrogated principles of federalism. President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ...


In 1965, the Robert C. Byrd Honors Scholarship Program was created by Congress as a federally funded, state-administered program. It awards $1,500 a year to graduating high school seniors who continue on to higher education on the basis of academic merit. 1965 was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


From 1977 to 1989 Byrd led the Senate Democrats, serving as Senate Majority Leader from 1977-81 and 1987-89 and as Senate Minority Leader from 1981-87. 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... The Senate Minority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesmen for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ...


Byrd's pursuit of federal dollars for West Virginia, the nation’s second poorest state (behind only Mississippi) has been remarkably effective over the course of his long career. When he became the top Democrat on the Senate Appropriations Committee in the 101st Congress (after six years as Senate majority leader and another six years as minority leader), he sought to steer, over time, a total of $1 billion for public works to West Virginia; he had exceeded the goal two years later, and the steady streams of funds for highways, dams, educational institutions, and federal agency offices has progressed unabated. More than thirty pending or existing federal projects bear Byrd's name. He is close friends with the Ted Stevens (R-AK) with whom he sits on the board of the Senate appropriations committee, a man who is also known for his prowess in appropriating funds for his constituents. The two men have been longtime friends, but their relationship has been strained over Byrd's recent stands on the Bush Presidency. Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ...


Byrd has also been known for his versatility and prowess as the Senate Majority leader. Before the "Reagan Takeover", he frustated conservatives of the day with his encyclopedia-like knowledge of the inner workings and values of the Senate. In the period from 1977-1979 he was described as "performing a procedural tap dance around the minority, outmaneuvering Republicans with his mastery of the Senate's arcane rules."


"Favorite son" presidential candidate

In 1976, Byrd, at the time the Senate Majority Whip, announced that he would run for president as a "favorite son" candidate, only campaigning in his home state of West Virginia. Like many Democrats, Byrd thought that perhaps if the convention were deadlocked, he could use his delegates to hold some influence in the selection of a nominee. 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... In politics, a whip is a member of a political party in a legislature whose task is to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ...


Every other Democrat but George Wallace stayed off the West Virginia ballot in deference to Byrd, and even Wallace didn't campaign in the state. Byrd won by a near 9-1 margin. However, he was never a serious candidate for the nomination, and Byrd had set his sights instead on the position of Senate majority leader, after the retirement of Montana's Mike Mansfield. Byrd focused most of his time on campaigning for the office of majority leader, more so than for re-election to the Senate, as he was unopposed for his fourth term. By the time the vote for majority leader was at hand, he had it so wrapped up that his lone rival, Minnesota's Hubert Humphrey, withdrew before the balloting took place. George Corley Wallace (August 25, 1919, Clio, Alabama, USA – September 13, 1998, Montgomery, Alabama, USA) was an American politician who was elected Governor of Alabama (as a Democrat) four times (1962, 1970, 1974 and 1982) and ran for U.S. President (in 1964, 1968, 1972 and 1976). ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... State nickname: Treasure State Other U.S. States Capital Helena Largest city Billings Governor Brian Schweitzer Official languages English Area 381,156 km² (4th)  - Land 377,295 km²  - Water 3,862 km² (1%) Population (2000)  - Population 926,865 (44th)  - Density 2. ... Mike Mansfield Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician from Montana. ... State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8. ... Hubert Horatio Humphrey II (May 27, 1911–January 13, 1978) was the 38th Vice President of the United States, twice served as a United States Senator from Minnesota and was mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota. ...


He was a strong critic of Bill Clinton throughout his presidency. Byrd was initially a force in demanding that the impeachment proceedings against Clinton be taken seriously and conducted completely, harshly criticizing Democratic and White House attempts to make light of it, but in the end it was his motion to dismiss the charges against the president which brought about the end of what was left of the House prosecutors’ case. Order: 42nd President Vice President: Al Gore Term of office: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic William Jefferson Clinton (born...


Recent Racial Controversies

Considering Byrd's past membership in the KKK and his participation in the filibuster of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, some civil rights organizations and conservatives contend that Byrd's opposition to President George H. W. Bush's nomination of Clarence Thomas to the U.S. Supreme Court in 1991 to replace Thurgood Marshall -- making Byrd the only senator to have opposed the nomination of both of the only two black Supreme Court justices – and Byrd's 2004 opposition to some of George W. Bush's judicial and cabinet nominees who are black, notably Federal Judge Janice Rogers Brown and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, was motivated by racism. The Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a civil rights organization, has stated that Byrd's hold on Rice's nomination was "racist." [10]. Byrd has not opposed other people of color that Bush has nominated in the past, voting for Secretary of Education Rod Paige and Secretary of State Colin Powell. President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. ... Order: 41st President Vice President: J. Danforth Quayle Term of office: January 20, 1989 – January 20, 1993 Preceded by: Ronald Reagan Succeeded by: Bill Clinton Date of birth: June 12, 1924 Place of birth: Milton, Massachusetts First Lady: Barbara Pierce Bush Political party: Republican George Herbert Walker Bush (born June... Justice Clarence Thomas Justice Clarence Thomas (born June 23, 1948) is an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thurgood Marshall was a leading civil rights attorney before serving as Solicitor General and finally as an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, known informally as the D.C. Circuit, is the federal appellate court for the U.S. district court in Washington, DC. Appeals from the D.C. Circuit, as with all the U.S. Courts of Appeals, are heard... Janice Rogers Brown (born in Luverne, Alabama, May 11, 1949) is an Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court, having held that post since May 2, 1996. ... United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, a Secretary of State is a senior Cabinet Minister in charge of a Government Department. ... Condoleezza Condi Rice (born November 14, 1954), is the second United States Secretary of State in the administration of President George W. Bush. ... The Congress of Racial Equality or CORE is a civil rights organization that played a pivotal role in the U.S. Civil Rights Movement of the 20th century. ... Dr. Roderick Raynor Paige (born June 17, 1933), served as the 7th United States Secretary of Education from 2001 to 2005. ... Colin Luther Powell, (pronounced koh-lihn, born April 5, 1937) was the 65th United States Secretary of State, serving from January 20, 2001 to January 26, 2005 under President George W. Bush. ...


2001 Racial Remark and Controversy

On March 4, 2001, an interview with FOX News Sunday host Tony Snow was aired. In the interview Byrd was asked about race relations: "They are much, much better than they've ever been in my lifetime," Byrd said. "I think we talk about race too much. I think those problems are largely behind us ... . I just think we talk so much about it that we help to create somewhat of an illusion. I think we try to have good will. My old mom told me, 'Robert, you can't go to heaven if you hate anybody.' We practice that." Then Byrd warned: March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The FOX News Channel is a US cable and satellite news channel. ... Tony Snow Tony Snow is currently host of the Tony Snow Show on FOX News Radio and Weekend Live with Tony Snow on the FOX News Channel. ...

"There are white niggers. I've seen a lot of white niggers in my time; I'm going to use that word."
"We just need to work together to make our country a better country, and I'd just as soon quit talking about it so much."

Byrd later issued an apology: "I apologize for the characterization I used on this program. The phrase dates back to my boyhood and has no place in today's society. As for my language, I had no intention of casting aspersions on anyone of another race." The word nigger is a highly controversial term used in many English-speaking countries, including the United States, Canada, Britain, and Australia to refer to individuals with dark skin, especially those of African descent who previously were racially classified by the now outdated term Negro. ...


Opposition to war in Iraq

In the 107th Congress, Byrd suffered some legislative defeats, particularly with respect to debates on homeland security. Byrd opposed the 2002 law creating the Homeland Security Department, saying it ceded too much authority to the executive branch. He led the opposition against granting President George W. Bush broad power to wage a "preemptive" war against Iraq, but he could not get even a majority of his own party to vote against the war. He also led the opposition to Bush's bid to win back the power to negotiate trade deals that Congress cannot amend, and he lost overwhelmingly. But, in the 108th Congress, Byrd won his party's top seat on the new Homeland Security Appropriations Subcommittee, positioning himself to use the subcommittee as a forum for oversight of the executive. 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a Cabinet department of the federal government of the United States that is concerned with protecting the American homeland and the safety of American citizens. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is a politician and the current (43rd) president of the United States. ...


Byrd was one of the Senate's most outspoken critics of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the Bush Doctrine's support of unilateralism and preemptive warfare. The 2003 invasion of Iraq, also called the Iraq War or Operation Iraqi Freedom, began March 20, 2003, initiated by the United States, the United Kingdom and a loosely-defined coalition. ... The Bush Doctrine refers to the set of revised foreign policies adopted by President of the United States George W. Bush in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. ...


On March 19, 2003, when President George W. Bush ordered the invasion after receiving U.S. Congress approval, Byrd stated: March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is a politician and the current (43rd) president of the United States. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ...

Today I weep for my country. I have watched the events of recent months with a heavy, heavy heart. No more is the image of America one of strong, yet benevolent peacekeeper. The image of America has changed. Around the globe, our friends mistrust us, our word is disputed, our intentions are questioned. Instead of reasoning with those with whom we disagree, we demand obedience or threaten recrimination.

Byrd also criticized Bush for his speech declaring the "end of major combat operations" in Iraq, which Bush made on the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln. Byrd stated on the Senate floor: The second USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72), nicknamed Abe, is the fifth Nimitz-class supercarrier in the United States Navy. ...

I do question the motives of a deskbound president who assumes the garb of a warrior for the purposes of a speech.

On October 17, 2003, Byrd delivered a now-famous speech, expressing his concerns about the future of the nation and his unequivocal antipathy to the policies of President Bush. Referencing the Hans Christian Andersen children's tale The Emperor's New Clothes, Byrd said of the president: "the emperor has no clothes." Byrd further lamented the "sheep-like" behavior of the "cowed Members of this Senate" and called on them to oppose the continuation of a "war based on falsehoods." October 17 is the 290th (in leap years the 291st) day of the year according to the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hans Christian Andersen, (April 2, 1805 - August 4, 1875) was a Danish author and poet most famous for his fairy tales. ... The Emperors New Clothes is a short story written by Hans Christian Andersen in 1837. ...


Byrd condemned what he saw as the stifling of dissent and the marginalization of the legislature:

The right to ask questions, debate, and dissent is under attack. The drums of war are beaten ever louder in an attempt to drown out those who speak of our predicament in stark terms.


Even in the Senate, our history and tradition of being the world's greatest deliberative body is being snubbed. This huge spending bill — $87 billion — has been rushed through this chamber in just one month. There were just three open hearings by the Senate Appropriations Committee on $87 billion — $87 for every minute since Jesus Christ was born — $87 billion without a single outside witness called to challenge the administration's line. This 11th-century portrait is one of many images of Jesus in which a halo with a cross is used. ...

The senator ended his speech in a provocative fashion by repeating a famous quote from the Nuremberg Diary by G. M. Gilbert. In the following passage, Gilbert is interviewing Nazi war criminal Herman Goering: Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also spelled Hermann Goering in English) (January 12, 1893–October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. ...

We got around to the subject of war again and I said that, contrary to his attitude, I did not think that the common people are very thankful for leaders who bring them war and destruction.


. . . But, after all, it is the leaders of the country who determine the policy and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, whether it is a democracy or a fascist dictatorship or a Parliament or a Communist dictatorship.


There is one difference. . . . In a democracy the people have some say in the matter through their elected representatives, and in the United States only Congress can declare wars.


Oh, that is all well and good, but voice or no voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is easy. All you have to do is tell them that they are being attacked and denounce the pacifists for a lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the same way in any country.

Byrd vigorously pursues a role of guardian of the Senate's powers and precedents, and has positioned himself as a leading historian of the institution and a master of its rules and procedures.


Byrd is currently called the "Father of the Senate" — the senator with the longest continuous service. As the longest-serving Democratic senator, he has held the office of president pro tempore of the Senate three times, most recently from 2001-2003. He has served as a member of the Appropriations Committee since the 1950s and is chairman of the committee when the Democratic party is in the Senate majority. In May 2001, West Virginia Governor Bob Wise and both Houses of the West Virginia Legislature named Byrd "West Virginian of the 20th Century," which Byrd considered the greatest honor of his career. Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ... Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the... Robert Ellsworth Bob Wise, Jr. ...


As the 109th Congress began, Byrd was beginning his sixth decade in the Capitol and his forty-seventh year as a senator. If he completes his eighth term, he will surpass Strom Thurmond as the longest-serving senator in U.S. history. If he wins reelection in 2006 he will be on course to surpass Arizona's Carl T. Hayden as the longest-serving member of Congress in the fall of 2009. Strom Thurmond James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902 – June 26, 2003), known as Strom Thurmond, was the oldest and longest serving United States Senator, who represented South Carolina from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carl T. Hayden Carl Trumbull Hayden (October 2, 1877-January 25, 1972) was the first United States Senator to serve seven terms, and holds the record for longest service in the United States Congress - he served continuously from February 19, 1912 to January 3, 1969. ... 2009 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Byrd has a cameo role as a Confederate general in the Warner Brothers film Gods and Generals (2003). Since its first use in 1851, a cameo role or cameo appearance has been a brief appearance in a play (or later, a movie) that stands out against the general context for its éclat or dramatic punch. ... National Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God our Vindicator) Official language English de facto nationwide Various European and Native American languages regionally Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... Warner Bros. ... Gods and Generals is the prequel to Michael Shaaras 1974 novel about the Battle of Gettysburg, The Killer Angels. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In July 2004, Byrd released the book Losing America: Confronting a Reckless and Arrogant Presidency about the Bush presidency and the war in Iraq. 2004 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December See also: July 2004 in sports Deaths in July • 31 David B. Haight • 29 Francis Crick • 29 Nafisa Joseph • 23 Joe Cahill • 23 Mehmood • 23 Illinois Jacquet • 23 Carlos Paredes • 22 Sacha Distel • 21 Jerry Goldsmith • 21...


Voting record

Though a former party leader, Byrd is one of the most independent members of the Democratic caucus. Byrd sees himself as placing the prerogatives of the Senate and the needs of West Virginia before the interests of the Democratic party. Among Byrd's conservative positions were opposing President Clinton's efforts in 1993 to allow gays to serve in the military, affirmative action, and abortion rights. Like most members of his caucus, however, Byrd opposes the tax cuts implemented by President George W. Bush and is expected to vote against Bush's forthcoming Social Security reform proposal. For specific national programs, see Social Security (United States), National insurance (UK), Social Security (Sweden) Social security mainly refers to a field of social welfare concerned with social protection, or protection against socially recognized needs, including poverty, old age, disability, unemployment, families with children and others. ...


"The Gang of 14"

On May 23, 2005, Byrd was one of fourteen moderate senators to forge a compromise on the Democrats' use of the judicial filibuster, thus blocking the Republican leadership's attempt to implement the "nuclear option". Under the agreement, the Democrats would retain the power to filibuster a Bush judicial nominee only in an "extraordinary circumstance", and three conservative Bush appellate court nominees (Janice Rogers Brown, Priscilla Owen and William Pryor) would receive a vote by the full Senate. A filibuster is a process, typically an extremely long speech, that is used primarily to stall the legislative process and thus derail a particular piece of legislation rather than to make a particular point in the content of the diversion per se. ... The nuclear option in American politics during 2005 is a code word that refers to a proposed change to the interpretation of the rules of the U.S. Senate for judicial confirmations. ... An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made a decision, but in which at least one party to the action wants to challenge this ruling based upon some legal grounds that... Janice Rogers Brown (born in Luverne, Alabama, May 11, 1949) is an Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court, having held that post since May 2, 1996. ... Priscilla Owen (born in Palacios, Texas, October 4, 1954) is currently a Justice on the Supreme Court of Texas. ... Born in Farnborough, England in 1945, to the daughter of Gwen Raverat, great granddaughter of Charles Darwin and to English squirarchy on his fathers side, William Pryor became a beat poet, dadaist and heroin addict under the influence of Alexander Trocchi. ...


Political timeline

The House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1950 was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1951 was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... 1953 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... 1958 was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In politics, a whip is a member of a political party in a legislature whose task is to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 is a leap year starting on a Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Senate Minority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesmen for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... 1981 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 3 is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Published writing

  • Sen. Robert C. Byrd. 2004. Losing America: Confronting A Reckless and Arrogant Presidency. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN 0393059421.

Robert C. Byrd Robert Carlyle Byrd (born November 20, 1917) is a West Virginia Democrat serving in the United States Senate. ...

Robert C. Byrd placenames

Alfred Beckley Beckley is a city located in Raleigh County, West Virginia (Founded Apr. ... Sophia is a town located in Raleigh County, West Virginia. ... WVU Mountaineer Mascot statue in front of the Mountainlair Student Union. ... Morgantown is a city located in Monongalia County, West Virginia on the banks of the Monongahela River. ... WVU Mountaineer Mascot statue in front of the Mountainlair Student Union. ... Morgantown is a city located in Monongalia County, West Virginia on the banks of the Monongahela River. ... Alderson-Broaddus College is a private, four-year liberal arts college affiliated with the Baptist Church. ... Philippi is a city located in Barbour County, West Virginia. ... Princeton is a city located in Mercer County, West Virginia. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Chesapeake is a village located in Lawrence County, Ohio. ... Wheeling is a city located in West Virginia, in the United States. ... Signs for U-turn ramps on US 22 in Union County, New Jersey United States Highway 22, an east-west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926. ... Weirton is a city located in the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia. ... Robert C. Byrd Institute The Robert C. Byrd Institute for Advanced Flexible Manufacturing (RCBI) is an independent program administrated by Marshall University. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Charleston, WV Capitol Building Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Bridgeport is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... Rocket Center shares a Zip Code with Keyser, West Virginia but is located 15 miles north along the Potomac River. ... Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 1865. ... Charleston, WV Capitol Building Charleston is the capital of West Virginia, a state of the United States of America. ... Alfred Beckley Beckley is a city located in Raleigh County, West Virginia (Founded Apr. ... Marshall University is a public university based in Huntington, West Virginia. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Wheeling Jesuit University is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the United States. ... Wheeling is a city located in West Virginia, in the United States. ... Rocket Center shares a Zip Code with Keyser, West Virginia but is located 15 miles north along the Potomac River. ... Mountain State University, despite the name, is a private college located in Beckley, West Virginia. ... Alfred Beckley Beckley is a city located in Raleigh County, West Virginia (Founded Apr. ... Marshall University is a public university based in Huntington, West Virginia. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Moorefield is a town in Hardy County, West Virginia, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 2,375. ... Categories: US geography stubs | Cities in West Virginia | Pocahontas County, West Virginia ... Shepherdstown is a town located in Jefferson County, West Virginia. ... Clarksburg is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... Marshall University is a public university based in Huntington, West Virginia. ... Huntington is a city located in West Virginia. ... Elkins is a city located in Randolph County, West Virginia. ... Bethany College can refer to any of the following colleges: Bethany College in Scotts Valley, California Bethany College in Lindsborg, Kansas Bethany College of West Virginia Bethany Lutheran College This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Bethany is a town located in Brooke County, West Virginia. ... Bridgeport is a city located in Harrison County, West Virginia. ... AHDS is part of the Appalachian Regional Commission History In 1964, the President’s Appalachian Regional Commission (PARC) reported to Congress that economic growth in Appalachia would not be possible until the Region’s isolation had been overcome. ... Wheeling Jesuit University is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the United States. ... Wheeling is a city located in West Virginia, in the United States. ...

Internal links

Presidential reputation refers to the comparative evaluation of individual who have served as President of the United States. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations by or about:
Robert Byrd


Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

Preceded by:
E. H. Hedrick
U.S. Representative for West Virginia's 1st Congressional District
1953–1959
Succeeded by:
John Slack Jr.
Preceded by:
William C. Revercomb
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from West Virginia
1959–present
Succeeded by:
Incumbent
Preceded by:
Mike Mansfield
Senate Majority Leader
1977–1981
Succeeded by:
Howard Baker
Preceded by:
Howard Baker
Senate Minority Leader
1981–1987
Succeeded by:
Bob Dole
Preceded by:
Bob Dole
Senate Majority Leader
1987–1989
Succeeded by:
George Mitchell
Preceded by:
John C. Stennis
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
1989–1995
Succeeded by:
J. Strom Thurmond
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
1989–1995
Succeeded by:
Mark O. Hatfield
Preceded by:
J. Strom Thurmond
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
January 3–January 20, 2001
Succeeded by:
J. Strom Thurmond
Preceded by:
Theodore F. Stevens
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
January 3–January 20, 2001
Succeeded by:
Theodore F. Stevens
Preceded by:
J. Strom Thurmond
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
June 6, 2001–2003
Succeeded by:
Theodore F. Stevens
Preceded by:
Theodore F. Stevens
Chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee
June 6, 2001–2003


These are tables of congressional delegations from West Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Chapman Revercomb William Chapman Revercomb (July 20, 1895 - October 6, 1979) was a politician and lawyer in the state of West Virginia. ... West Virginia was admitted to the Union on June 19, 1863. ... Mike Mansfield Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician from Montana. ... The members of each of the two major parties in the United States Senate (Democratic and Republican) elects Floor Leaders who lead that partys members in the upper house of the United States Congress. ... Howard Baker, Jr. ... Howard Baker, Jr. ... The members of each of the two major parties in the United States Senate (Democratic and Republican) elects Floor Leaders who lead that partys members in the upper house of the United States Congress. ... Bob Dole Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... Bob Dole Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... The members of each of the two major parties in the United States Senate (Democratic and Republican) elects Floor Leaders who lead that partys members in the upper house of the United States Congress. ... There have been several well-known people named George Mitchell, including: George Mitchell (musician) George J. Mitchell (politician) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... John Cornelius Stennis (August 3, 1901 - April 23, 1995) was a Senator from the state of Mississippi. ... Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... Strom Thurmond James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003), known as Strom Thurmond, was the oldest and longest serving United States Senator, who represented South Carolina from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ... Mark Odom Hatfield (born July 12, 1922) is an American politician from Oregon. ... Strom Thurmond James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003), known as Strom Thurmond, was the oldest and longest serving United States Senator, who represented South Carolina from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... Strom Thurmond James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003), known as Strom Thurmond, was the oldest and longest serving United States Senator, who represented South Carolina from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ... Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ... Strom Thurmond James Strom Thurmond (December 5, 1902–June 26, 2003), known as Strom Thurmond, was the oldest and longest serving United States Senator, who represented South Carolina from 1954 to April 1956 and November 1956 to 1964 as a Democrat and from 1964 to 2003 as a Republican. ... Ted Stevens, the current President pro tempore of the United States Senate. ... Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ... Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ... U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. ...


The Senate Majority Leader is a member of the United States Senate who is elected by his or her party conference to serve as the chief Senate spokesman for his or her party and to manage and schedule the legislative and executive business of the Senate. ... Source: [1] File links The following pages link to this file: United States Senate Seal of the United States Senate Image:Bennie johnson. ... Charles Curtis Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860 – February 8, 1936) was a Representative and a Senator from Kansas as well as the 31st Vice President of the United States. ... James Eli Watson (November 2, 1864? – July 29, 1948) was a U.S. Representative and U.S. Senator from the state of Indiana. ... Joseph Taylor Robinson Joseph Taylor Robinson (August 26, 1872 - July 14, 1937) was a Democratic United States Senator, Senate Majority Leader, member of the United States House of Representatives, Governor of Arkansas, and U.S. Vice Presidential candidate. ... Alben W. Barkley Alben William Barkley (November 24, 1877 – April 30, 1956) was a Representative and a Senator from Kentucky and the thirty-fifth Vice President of the United States. ... Wallace Humphrey White, Jr. ... Scott Wike Lucas (1892 - 1968) was a 2-term United States senator from Illinois and Senate Majority Leader from 1948-1950. ... Ernest William McFarland (1894 - 1984), an American politician and the Father of the G.I. Bill, is the only American to serve in the highest office in all three branches of his states government. ... Robert Alphonso Taft I (September 8, 1889 - July 31, 1953), of the Taft family political dynasty of Ohio, was a United States Senator and Presidential candidate in the Republican Party. ... William Fife Knowland (June 26, 1908 – February 23, 1974) was a U.S. politician and newpaperman. ... Order: 36th President Vice President: Hubert H. Humphrey Term of office: November 22, 1963 – January 20, 1969 Preceded by: John F. Kennedy Succeeded by: Richard M. Nixon Date of birth: August 27, 1908 Place of birth: Gillespie County, Texas Date of death: January 22, 1973 Place of death: Johnson City... Mike Mansfield Michael Joseph Mansfield (March 16, 1903 – October 5, 2001) was an American politician from Montana. ... Howard Baker, Jr. ... Bob Dole Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... George John Mitchell, GBE (born August 20, 1933 in Waterville, Maine) is Chairman of the Walt Disney Company. ... Bob Dole Robert Joseph Dole (born July 22, 1923) is best known as a former Republican United States Senate Majority Leader and Senator from Kansas. ... Sen. ... Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947), known as Tom Daschle, was a U.S. Senator from South Dakota and the Senate Minority Leader until his term ended. ... Sen. ... Thomas Andrew Daschle (born December 9, 1947), known as Tom Daschle, was a U.S. Senator from South Dakota and the Senate Minority Leader until his term ended. ... Bill Frist - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ...

West Virginia Congressional Delegation serving in the 109th United States Congress.
Senators Robert Byrd (D), John D. Rockefeller IV (D)
Representatives Alan B. Mollohan, Shelley Moore Capito, Nick Rahall

Congressional Delegations by State
AL AK AZ AR CA CO CT DE FL GA HI ID IL IN IA KS KY LA ME MD MA MI MN MS MO MT NE NV NH NJ NM NY NC ND OH OK OR PA RI SC SD TN TX UT VT VA WA WV WI WY File links The following pages link to this file: Robert Byrd West Virginia Putnam County, West Virginia Clay County, West Virginia Charleston, West Virginia Ohio County, West Virginia Barbour County, West Virginia Braxton County, West Virginia Wyoming County, West Virginia Wood County, West Virginia Wirt County, West Virginia Wetzel County... These are tables of congressional delegations from West Virginia to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The 109th United States Congress meets from January 4, 2005, to January 1, 2007. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... John Davison Rockefeller IV (born June 18, 1937) is a member of the prominent United States Rockefeller family who has served as a Democratic U.S. Senator from West Virginia since 1985. ... The House of Representatives is the larger of two houses that make up the U.S. Congress, the other being the United States Senate. ... Alan Bowlby Mollohan (born May 14, American politician. ... Shelley Moore Capito (born November 26, 1953) is a American politician. ... Nick Joe Rahall II (born May 20, 1949), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since he was first elected to Congress in 1976. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Alabama. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Alaska. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Arizona. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Arkansas. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of California. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Colorado. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Connecticut. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Delaware. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Florida. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Georgia. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Hawaii. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Idaho. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Illinois. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Indiana. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Iowa. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Kansas. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Kentucky. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Louisiana. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Maine. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Maryland. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Massachusetts. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Michigan. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Minnesota. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Mississippi. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Missouri. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Montana. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Nebraska. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Nevada. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of New Hampshire. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of New Jersey. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of New Mexico. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of New York. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of North Carolina. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of North Dakota. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Ohio. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Oklahoma. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Oregon. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Pennsylvania. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Rhode Island. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of South Carolina. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of South Dakota. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Tennessee. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Texas. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Utah. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Vermont. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Virginia. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Washington. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of West Virginia. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Wisconsin. ... This page has the current U.S. congressional delegation from the state of Wyoming. ...


Current members of the United States Senate

AL: Shelby (R), Sessions (R)
AK: Stevens (R), Murkowski (R)
AZ: McCain (R), Kyl (R)
AR: Lincoln (D), Pryor (D)
CA: Feinstein (D), Boxer (D)
CO: Allard (R), Salazar (D)
CT: Dodd (D), Lieberman (D)
DE: Biden (D), Carper (D)
FL: Nelson (D), Martinez (R)
GA: Chambliss (R), Isakson (R)
Each state elects two senators to the United States Senate. ... Alabama is a state located in the southern United States. ... Dick Shelby Richard Craig Dick Shelby (born May 6, 1934) is an American politician. ... Jefferson Beauregard Sessions III (born December 24, 1946) is the junior United States Senator from Alabama. ... State nickname: The Last Frontier, The Land of the Midnight Sun Other U.S. States Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Governor Frank Murkowski Official languages English Area 1,717,854 km² (1st)  - Land 1,481,347 km²  - Water 236,507 km² (13. ... Theodore Fulton Ted Stevens (born November 18, 1923) is an American politician from Alaska. ... Office: Junior Senator, Alaska Political party: Republican Term of office: January, 2005 – Present Preceded by: Frank Murkowski Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: May 22, 1957 Place of birth: Ketchikan, Alaska Marriage: Verne Martell Lisa Ann Murkowski (born May 22, 1957) is a Polish-American politician. ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ... Office: Senior Senator, Arizona Political party: Republican Term of office: January, 1987 – Present Preceded by: Barry Goldwater Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: August 29, 1936 Place of birth: U.S. Panama Canal Zone Marriage: Cindy McCain John Sidney McCain III (born August 29, 1936) is an American politician. ... Office: Junior Senator, Arizona Political party: Republican Term of office: January, 1995 – Present Preceded by: Dennis DeConcini Succeeded by: Incumbent - Challenged from Iraq by Leonard Clark (2007) Date of birth: April 25, 1942 Place of birth: Oakland, Nebraska Marriage: Caryll Collins Jon Llewellyn Kyl (born April 25, 1942, Oakland, Nebraska... State nickname: The Natural State Other U.S. States Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Governor Mike Huckabee Official languages English Area 137,732 km² (29th)  - Land 134,856 km²  - Water 2,876 km² (2. ... Office: Senior Senator, Arkansas Political party: Democratic Term of office: January, 1999 – Present Preceded by: Dale Bumpers Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: September 30, 1960 Place of birth: Helena, Arkansas Marriage: Dr. ... Mark Lunsford Pryor (born January 10, 1963) is a politician in Arkansas. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... ... Office: Junior Senator, California Political party: Democratic Term of office: January, 1993 – Present Preceded by: Alan Cranston Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: November 11, 1940 Place of birth: Brooklyn, New York Marriage: Stewart Boxer Barbara Levy Boxer (born November 11, 1940) is an American politician and the current... This is the article on the state. ... A. Wayne Allard (born December 2, 1943) is a United States Senator from Colorado and a member of the Republican Party. ... Ken Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician, rancher, and environmentalist from the U.S. state of Colorado. ... State nickname: The Constitution State Other U.S. States Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Governor M. Jodi Rell Official languages English Area 14,371 km² (48th)  - Land 12,559 km²  - Water 1,809 km² (12. ... Office: Senior Senator, Connecticut Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1981 – Present Preceded by: Abraham A. Ribicoff Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: May 27, 1944 Place of birth: Willimantic, Connecticut Marriage: Jackie Marie Clegg Christopher John Dodd (born May 27, 1944), is an American politician. ... Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is a Jewish-American Democratic politician and a current U.S. senator from Connecticut. ... State nickname: The First State Other U.S. States Capital Dover Largest city Wilmington Governor Ruth Ann Minner Official languages None Area 6,452 km² (49th)  - Land 5,068 km²  - Water 1,387 km² (21. ... Office: Senior Senator, Delaware Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1973 – Present Preceded by: J. Caleb Boggs Succeeded by: Incumbent (2009) Date of birth: November 20, 1942 Place of birth: New Castle County, Delaware Marriage: Jill Jacobs Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. ... Office: Junior Senator, Delaware Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 2001 – Present Preceded by: William Roth Succeeded by: Incumbent (2007) Date of birth: January 23, 1947 Place of birth: Beckley, West Virginia Marriage: Martha Ann Stacy Thomas Richard Carper (born January 23, 1947) is a United States politician who... State nickname: Sunshine State, Everglade State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush Official languages English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ... Office: Senior Senator, Florida Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 2001 – Present Preceded by: Connie Mack III Succeeded by: Incumbent (2007) Date of birth: September 29, 1942 Place of birth: Miami, Florida Marriage: Grace Cavert Nelson Clarence William Nelson (born September 29, 1942) is the senior U.S. Senator... Office: Junior Senator, Florida Political party: Republican Term of office: January 2005 – Present Preceded by: Bob Graham Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: October 23, 1946 Place of birth: Sagua La Grande, Cuba Marriage: Kitty Martinez Melquiades Rafael Mel Martinez (born October 23, 1946) is a Republican Cuban-born... State nickname: Peach State / Empire State of the South Other U.S. States Capital Atlanta Largest city Atlanta Governor Sonny Perdue Official languages English Area 154,077 km² (24th)  - Land 150,132 km²  - Water 3,945 km² (2. ... Office: Senior Senator, Georgia Political party: Republican Term of office: January 2003 – Present Preceded by: Max Cleland Succeeded by: Incumbent (2009) Date of birth: November 10, 1943 Place of birth: Warrenton, North Carolina Marriage: Julianne Chambliss C. Saxby Chambliss (born November 10, 1943) is the senior United States Senator from... Johnny Isakson (born December 24, 1944), American politician and member of the U.S. Senate, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from 1999 to 2004, representing the 6th District of Georgia. ...

HI: Inouye (D), Akaka (D)
ID: Craig (R), Crapo (R)
IL: Durbin (D), Obama (D)
IN: Lugar (R), Bayh (D)
IA: Grassley (R), Harkin (D)
KS: Brownback (R), Roberts (R)
KY: McConnell (R), Bunning (R)
LA: Landrieu (D), Vitter (R)
ME: Snowe (R), Collins (R)
MD: Sarbanes (D), Mikulski (D)
State nickname: The Aloha State Other U.S. States Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Governor Linda Lingle Official languages Hawaiian and English Area 28,337 km² (43rd)  - Land 16,649 km²  - Water 11,672 km² (41. ... Daniel Ken Inouye (born September 7, 1924) is the senior United States Senator from Hawaii. ... Daniel Kahikina Akaka (born September 11, 1924) is a U.S. Senator from Hawaii and a member of the Democratic Party. ... State nickname: Gem State Other U.S. States Capital Boise Largest city Boise Governor Dirk Kempthorne Official languages none Area 216,632 km² (14th)  - Land 214,499 km²  - Water 2,133 km² (0. ... Larry Edwin Craig (born July 20, 1945) is the senior United States Senator from Idaho. ... Office: Junior Senator, Idaho Political party: Republican Term of office: January, 1999 – Present Preceded by: Dirk Kempthorne Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: May 20, 1951 Place of birth: Idaho Falls, Idaho Marriage: Susan Crapo Michael Dean Crapo (pronounced Cray-po) (born May 20, 1951) is the junior United... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Other U.S. States Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich Official languages English Area 149,998 km² (25th)  - Land 143,968 km²  - Water 6,030 km² (4. ... Office: Senior Senator, Illinois Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1997 – Present Preceded by: Paul Simon Succeeded by: Incumbent (2007) Date of birth: November 21, 1944 Place of birth: East St. ... Introducing himself as a skinny kid with a funny name, Obama delivers the keynote address at the 2004 Democratic National Convention. ... State nickname: The Hoosier State Other U.S. States Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Governor Mitch Daniels Official languages English Area 94,321 km² (38th)  - Land 92,897 km²  - Water 1,424 km² (1. ... Richard Green Dick Lugar (born April 4, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Indiana. ... Evan Bayh Birch Evans Evan Bayh III (born December 26, 1955) is an American politician who has served as a U.S. Senator from Indiana since 1999 and is a member of the Democratic Party. ... State nickname: The Hawkeye State Other U.S. States Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Governor Thomas Vilsack Official languages English Area 145,743 km² (26th)  - Land 144,701 km²  - Water 1,042 km² (0. ... Charles Ernest Chuck Grassley (born September 17, 1933) is the senior United States Senator from Iowa. ... Thomas Richard Harkin (born November 19, 1939) is the junior United States Senator from Iowa. ... State nickname: The Sunflower State Other U.S. States Capital Topeka Largest city Wichita Governor Kathleen Sebelius Official languages None Area 82,277 mi²; 213,096 km² (15th)  - Land 81,815 mi²; 211,900 km²  - Water 462 mi²; 1,196 km² (0. ... Sen. ... Charles Patrick Roberts (born April 20, 1936) is a United States Senator from Kansas. ... State nickname: Bluegrass State Other U.S. States Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Governor Ernie Fletcher Official languages English Area 104,749 km² (37th)  - Land 102,989 km²  - Water 1,760 km² (1. ... Addison Mitchell McConnell Jr. ... James Paul David Jim Bunning (born October 23, 1931 in Southgate, Kentucky) is an American politician who was a Hall of Fame pitcher in Major League Baseball from 1955 to 1971. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... Mary Loretta Landrieu (born November 23, 1955) is a Democratic United States Senator for the state of Louisiana. ... David Bruce Vitter (born May 3, 1961), American politician, is a Senator from Louisiana. ... State nickname: The Pine Tree State Other U.S. States Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Governor John Baldacci Official languages None Area 86,542 km² (39th)  - Land 80,005 km²  - Water 11,724 km² (13. ... Olympia Jean Bouchles Snowe (born February 21, 1947 in Augusta, Maine) is a Republican politician, serving currently as the senior United States senator from Maine. ... Susan Collins Susan Margaret Collins (born December 7, 1952 in Caribou, Maine) is the junior U.S. Senator from Maine and a Republican. ... State nickname: Old Line State; Free State Other U.S. States Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Governor Robert L. Ehrlich Official languages English Area 32,160 km² (42nd)  - Land 25,338 km²  - Water 6,968 km² (21%) Population (2000)  - Population 5,296,486 (19th)  - Density 165 /km² (5th) Admission into... Paul Sarbanes Paul Spyros Sarbanes (born February 3, 1933), a Democrat, is the senior and current class 1 United States Senator representing the state of Maryland. ... Barbara Mikulski Barbara Ann Mikulski (born July 20, 1936), a member of the Democratic Party, is the Class 3 United States Senator representing the State of Maryland. ...

MA: Kennedy (D), Kerry (D)
MI: Levin (D), Stabenow (D)
MN: Dayton (D), Coleman (R)
MS: Cochran (R), Lott (R)
MO: Bond (R), Talent (R)
MT: Baucus (D), Burns (R)
NE: Hagel (R), Nelson (D)
NV: Reid (D), Ensign (R)
NH: Gregg (R), Sununu (R)
NJ: Corzine (D), Lautenberg (D)
State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... Edward Kennedy Edward Moore Ted Kennedy, (born February 22, 1932, in Brookline, Massachusetts) is a Democratic U.S. senator from Massachusetts. ... Office: Junior Senator, Massachusetts Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1985 – Present Preceded by: Paul Tsongas Succeeded by: Incumbent (2009) Date of birth: December 11, 1943 Place of birth: Aurora, Colorado Marriage: (1) Julia Thorne, divorced (2) Teresa Heinz Kerry John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the... State nickname: Wolverine State or Great Lakes State Other U.S. States Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Governor Jennifer Granholm Official languages English Area 250,941 km² (11th)  - Land 147,255 km²  - Water 103,687 km² (41. ... Carl Milton Levin (born June 28, 1934) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan. ... Deborah Ann Stabenow (born April 29, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Michigan. ... State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8. ... Mark Dayton (born January 26, 1947) is a Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party US Senator from Minnesota who took office in 2001. ... Norm Coleman Norman Bertram Norm Coleman Jr. ... State nickname: Magnolia State Other U.S. States Capital Jackson Largest city Jackson Governor Haley Barbour Official languages English Area 125,546 km² (32nd)  - Land 121,606 km²  - Water 3,940 km² (3%) Population (2000)  - Population 2,697,243 (31st)  - Density 23. ... William Thad Cochran (born December 7, 1937) is a Mississippi Republican U.S. Senator. ... Sen. ... Missouri, named after the Missouri Siouan Indian tribe meaning canoe, is a Midwestern state of the United States with Jefferson City as its capital. ... Categories: Stub | 1939 births | Governors of Missouri | United States Senators ... James Matthes Jim Talent (born October 18, 1956) is an American politician, the junior Senator from Missouri. ... State nickname: Treasure State Other U.S. States Capital Helena Largest city Billings Governor Brian Schweitzer Official languages English Area 381,156 km² (4th)  - Land 377,295 km²  - Water 3,862 km² (1%) Population (2000)  - Population 926,865 (44th)  - Density 2. ... Max Sieben Baucus (born December 11, 1941) is the senior United States Senator from Montana and is a member of the Democratic Party. ... Conrad R. Burns (born January 25, 1935) is a Republican United States Senator from Montana. ... State nickname: Cornhusker State Other U.S. States Capital Lincoln Largest city Omaha Governor Dave Heineman Official languages English Area 200,520 km² (16th)  - Land 199,099 km²  - Water 1,247 km² (0. ... Charles Timothy Chuck Hagel (born October 4, 1946) is the senior United States Senator from Nebraska. ... Ben Nelson, 38th Governor and current Junior Senator of Nebraska Earl Benjamin Nelson (born May 17, 1941 in McCook, Nebraska) is an American politician from Nebraska, where he was born and has lived for most of his life. ... State nickname: Silver State, Battle Born State (official) Other U.S. States Capital Carson City Largest city Las Vegas Governor Kenny Guinn Official languages None Area 286,367 km² (7th)  - Land 284,396 km²  - Water 1,971 km² (0. ... Harry Mason Reid (born December 2, 1939) is the senior United States Senator from Nevada and a member of the Democratic Party, for which he serves as Senate Minority Leader. ... John Eric Ensign (born March 25, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Nevada. ... State nickname: The Granite State Other U.S. States Capital Concord Largest city Manchester Governor John Lynch Official languages English Area 24,239 km² (46th)  - Land 23,249 km²  - Water 814 km² (3. ... Judd Alan Gregg (born February 14, 1947) is an American politician from New Hampshire, currently serving in the U.S. Senate. ... John Edward Sununu (born September 10, 1964) is a Republican United States Senator from New Hampshire. ... State nickname: The Garden State Other U.S. States Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Governor Richard Codey (acting) Official languages None defined Area 22,608 km² (47th)  - Land 19,231 km²  - Water 3,378 km² (14. ... Jon Stevens Corzine (born January 1, 1947) is an American politician and businessman. ... Frank Lautenberg at a press conference in Washington, D.C. Frank Raleigh Lautenberg (born January 23, 1924) is an American politician. ...

NM: Domenici (R), Bingaman (D)
NY: Schumer (D), Clinton (D)
NC: Dole (R), Burr (R)
ND: Conrad (D), Dorgan (D)
OH: DeWine (R), Voinovich (R)
OK: Inhofe (R), Coburn (R)
OR: Wyden (D), Smith (R)
PA: Specter (R), Santorum (R)
RI: Reed (D), Chafee (R)
SC: Graham (R), DeMint (R)
State nickname: Land of Enchantment Other U.S. States Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Governor Bill Richardson Official languages English and Spanish Area 315,194 km² (5th)  - Land 314,590 km²  - Water 607 km² (0. ... Peter Vichi Domenici (born May 7, 1932) has served as a Republican U.S. Senator from New Mexico continuously since 1973. ... Jesse Francis Jeff Bingaman Jr. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Office: Senior Senator, New York Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 1999 – Present Preceded by: Al DAmato Succeeded by: Incumbent (2011) Date of birth: November 23, 1950 Place of birth: Brooklyn, New York Marriage: Iris Weinshall Charles Ellis Chuck Schumer (born November 23, 1950) is the senior Senator... Office: Junior Senator, New York Political party: Democratic Term of office: January 2001 – Present Preceded by: Daniel Patrick Moynihan Succeeded by: Incumbent (2007) Date of birth: October 26, 1947 Place of birth: Chicago, Illinois Marriage: Former president Bill Clinton Hillary Rodham Clinton (born October 26, 1947 in Chicago, Illinois as... State nickname: Tar Heel State Other U.S. States Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Governor Michael Easley Official languages English Area 139,509 km² (28th)  - Land 126,256 km²  - Water 13,227 km² (9. ... Sen. ... Richard Burr Richard Mauze Burr (born November 30, 1955) is an American politician and Senator from North Carolina; a Republican, he initially represented North Carolinas 5th Congressional district (map) in the United States House of Representatives, but was recently elected to represent North Carolina as a US Senator in... State nickname: Peace Garden State, Roughrider State, Flickertail State Other U.S. States Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Governor John Hoeven Official languages English Area 183 272 km² (19th)  - Land 178 839 km²  - Water 4 432 km² (2. ... Senator Kent Conrad Gaylord Kent Conrad (born March 12, 1948) is a United States senator from North Dakota. ... Byron Leslie Dorgan (born May 14, 1942) is the junior United States Senator from North Dakota. ... State nickname: The Buckeye State Other U.S. States Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Governor Bob Taft Official languages None Area 116,096 km² (34th)  - Land 106,154 km²  - Water 10,044 km² (8. ... Michael DeWine (born January 5, 1947) is an American politician from Ohio, where he was born and lived until he was elected to the United States Congress. ... George Victor Voinovich (born July 15, 1936) is an American politician from Ohio. ... Oklahoma is a midwestern state of the United States (with strong Southern and Western influences) and its U.S. postal abbreviation is OK; others abbreviate the states name Okla. ... James Mountain Inhofe (born November 17, 1934) is an American politician from Oklahoma. ... Sen. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ... Ron Wyden Ronald Lee Wyden (born May 3, 1949) is Oregons senior United States Senator. ... Gordon Smith Gordon Harold Smith (born May 25, 1952) is a United States Senator from Oregon. ... State nickname: The Keystone State Other U.S. States Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Governor Ed Rendell Official languages None Area 119,283 km² (33rd)  - Land 116,074 km²  - Water 3,208 km² (2. ... Senator Arlen Specter Arlen Specter (born February 12, 1930) is a United States Senator from Pennsylvania. ... Rick Santorum Richard John Santorum (born May 10, 1958), commonly known as Rick Santorum, is an American politician from the state of Pennsylvania. ... State nickname: The Ocean State, Little Rhody Other U.S. States Capital Providence Largest city Providence Governor Donald Carcieri Official languages None Area 4,005 km² (50th)  - Land 2,709 km²  - Water 1,296 km² (32. ... John Francis Jack Reed (b. ... Lincoln Davenport Chafee (born March 26, 1953) is a United States Senator from Rhode Island. ... State nickname: Palmetto State Other U.S. States Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Governor Mark Sanford Official languages English Area 82,965 km² (40th)  - Land 78,051 km²  - Water 4,915 km² (6%) Population (2000)  - Population {{{2000Pop}}} (26th)  - Density 51. ... Lindsey Olin Graham (born July 9, 1955) is an American politician from South Carolina. ... James W. Jim DeMint (born September 2, 1951) is a U.S. Senator from South Carolina since 2005. ...

SD: Johnson (D), Thune (R)
TN: Frist (R), Alexander (R)
TX: Hutchison (R), Cornyn (R)
UT: Hatch (R), Bennett (R)
VT: Leahy (D), Jeffords (I)
VA: Warner (R), Allen (R)
WA: Murray (D), Cantwell (D)
WV: Byrd (D), Rockefeller (D)
WI: Kohl (D), Feingold (D)
WY: Thomas (R), Enzi (R)
State nickname: The Mount Rushmore State Other U.S. States Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Governor Mike Rounds Official languages English Area 199,905 km² (17th)  - Land 196,735 km²  - Water 3,173 km² (1. ... Timothy Peter Johnson (born December 28, 1946) is a United States Senator from South Dakota. ... ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis (largest metropolitan area is Nashville) Governor Phil Bredesen Official languages English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Bill Frist - Wikipedia /**/ @import /w/skins-1. ... Lamar Andrew Alexander (born July 3, 1940) is the junior United States Senator from Tennessee and a member of the Republican Party. ... State nickname: Lone Star State Other U.S. States Capital Austin Largest city Houston Governor Rick Perry Official languages None. ... Kathryn Ann Kay Bailey Hutchison (born July 22, 1943) is the senior United States Senator from Texas. ... Senator John Cornyn John Cornyn (born February 2, 1952) is the junior United States Senator from Texas. ... State nickname: Beehive State Other U.S. States Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Governor Jon M. Huntsman, Jr. ... Orrin Grant Hatch (born March 22, 1934) is a five-term Republican United States Senator, from Utah. ... Robert F. Bennett (born 1933) For other men named Robert Bennett see Robert Bennett (disambiguation). ... State nickname: The Green Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Montpelier Largest city Burlington Governor Jim Douglas Official languages None Area 24,923 km² (45th)  - Land 23,974 km²  - Water 949 km² (3. ... Patrick Joseph Leahy (born March 31, 1940) is the senior United States Senator from Vermont. ... James Merrill Jim Jeffords (born May 11, 1934) is currently the junior U.S. Senator from Vermont and the only Independent in the United States Senate. ... State nickname: Old Dominion Other U.S. States Capital Richmond Largest city Virginia Beach Governor Mark R. Warner Official languages English Area 110,862 km² (35th)  - Land 102,642 km²  - Water 8,220 km² (7. ... John Warner John William Warner (born February 18, 1927) is an American statesman and politician, who served as Secretary of the Navy from 1972-1974 and has served as a Republican senator from Virginia since 1978. ... George F. Allen George Felix Allen (born March 8, 1952 in Whittier, California) is a U.S. Senator from Virginia and a member of the Republican Party. ... State nickname: The Evergreen State Other U.S. States Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Governor Christine Gregoire Official languages None Area 184,824 km² (18th)  - Land 172,587 km²  - Water 12,237 km² (6. ... Patricia Murray (born October 11, 1950) is a Democratic United States Senator from Washington. ... Maria Cantwell Maria E. Cantwell (born October 13, 1958) is the junior United States Senator from Washington state and is a member of the Democratic Party. ... State nickname: Mountain State Other U.S. States Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Governor Joe Manchin Official languages English Area 62,809 km² (41st)  - Land 62,436 km²  - Water 376 km² (0. ... John D. Jay Rockefeller IV John Davison Rockefeller IV (born June 18, 1937) is a member of the prominent United States Rockefeller family who has served as a Democratic U.S. Senator from West Virginia since 1985. ... One of the periods of glaciation was also termed the Wisconsin glaciation. ... This article refers to Sen. ... Senator Russ Feingold Russell Dana Feingold (born March 2, 1953) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Wisconsin. ... State nickname: Equality State Other U.S. States Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Governor Dave Freudenthal Official languages English Area 253,554 km² (10th)  - Land 251,706 km²  - Water 1,851 km² (0. ... Craig Lyle Thomas (born February 17, 1933) is a United States Senator from Wyoming. ... Michael Bradley Mike Enzi (born February 1, 1944) is a United States senator from Wyoming. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Byrd - definition of Robert Byrd in Encyclopedia (1905 words)
Byrd was born in North Wilkesboro, North Carolina in 1917.
Byrd was a local leader of the Ku Klux Klan for a period of time in the early 1940s, holding the title Kleagle; Klan recruiter.
Byrd was one of the Senate’s most outspoken critics of the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the Bush Doctrine’s support of unilateralism and preemptive warfare.
Robert Byrd - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4029 words)
Byrd announced on September 27, 2005 at the State House in Charleston that he is running for a historic ninth term in 2006; should he win reelection and continue to serve through 2011, he will pass Carl Hayden of Arizona as the longest-serving member of both houses of Congress.
From 1977 to 1989 Byrd was the leader of the Senate Democrats, serving as Senate Majority Leader from 1977-81 and 1987-89 and as Senate Minority Leader from 1981-87.
On May 23, 2005, Byrd was one of fourteen senators to forge a compromise on the Democrats' use of the judicial filibuster, thus blocking the Republican leadership's attempt to implement the "nuclear option".
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