FACTOID # 1: Idaho produces more milk than Iowa, Indiana and Illinois combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Robert Boyle
Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle
Born 25 January 1627
Lismore Castle, Munster, Ireland
Died 30 December 1691 (aged 64)
Nationality Irish
Fields Chemistry, Physics
Institutions Royal Society of London
Known for Study of physical properties of gases
Study of the concept of an element
For the American art director and production designer, see Robert F. Boyle

Robert Boyle (25 January 162730 December 1691) was a natural philosopher, chemist, physicist, inventor, and early gentleman scientist, noted for his work in physics and chemistry. He is best known for the formulation of Boyle's law. Although his research and personal philosophy clearly has its roots in the alchemical tradition, he is largely regarded today as the first modern chemist, and therefore one of the founders of modern chemistry. Among his works, The Sceptical Chymist is seen as a cornerstone book in the field of chemistry. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 473 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (523 × 663 pixel, file size: 26 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lismore Castle, Co. ... Alternate uses: See Munster (disambiguation). ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... ... The periodic table of the chemical elements A chemical element, or element, is a type of atom that is distinguished by its atomic number; that is, by the number of protons in its nucleus. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 5 - French troops under Marshal Louis-Francois de Boufflers besiege the Spanish-held town of Mons March 20 - Leislers Rebellion - New governor arrives in New York - Jacob Leisler surrenders after standoff of several hours March 29 - Siege of Mons ends to the city’s surrender May 6... Natural philosophy is a term applied to the objective study of nature and the physical universe before the development of modern science. ... A gentleman scientist was a scientist with a private income who could pursue scientific study independently as he wished without excessive external financial pressures, in the days before large-scale government funding was available, up to the Victorian era, especially in England. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... Boyles law (sometimes referred to as the Boyle-Mariotte law) is one of the gas laws and basis of derivation for the ideal gas law, which describes the relationship between the product pressure and volume within a closed system as constant when temperature and moles remain at a fixed... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

Early years

Robert Boyle was born in Lismore Castle, in County Waterford, Ireland, as the seventh son and fourteenth child of Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork. Richard Boyle had arrived as an entrepreuner in Ireland in 1588 and by the time Robert was born in 1627 he had amassed enormous landholdings in Ireland. While still a child, Robert learned to speak Latin, Greek, and French. He was only eight and three quarters years old when, following the death of his mother, he was sent to Eton College in England, of which his father's friend, Sir Henry Wotton, was then provost. After spending over three years at the college, he went to travel abroad with a French tutor. Nearly two years were passed in Geneva. Visiting Italy in 1641, he remained during the winter of that year in Florence, studying the "paradoxes of the great star-gazer" Galileo Galilei. (Galileo was elderly but still alive in Florence in 1641.) Lismore Castle, Co. ... County Waterford (Port Láirge in Irish) is a county in the province of Munster on the south coast of Ireland. ... Sir Richard Boyle, 1st Earl of Cork, 1st Viscount Dungarvan, 1st Baron Boyle of Youghal, Lord High Treasurer of the Kingdom of Ireland. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for boys, founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. It is located in Eton, near Windsor in England, north of Windsor Castle, and... Sir Henry Wotton (1568 - December, 1639) was an English author and diplomat. ... Provost is from the Latin praepositus (set over, from praeponere, to place in front). It may mean: Provost (religion), a church official. ... For other uses, see Geneva (disambiguation). ... Florence (or Firenze, Florentia and Fiorenza) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany, and of the province of Florence. ... Galileo redirects here. ...


Middle years

Boyle's air pump.
Boyle's air pump.

Returning to England in 1645, Boyle found that his father had been hospitalized and had left him the manor of Stalbridge in Dorset, together with some estates in Ireland. From that time, he devoted his life to scientific research, and soon took a prominent place in the band of inquirers, known as the "Invisible College", who devoted themselves to the cultivation of the "new philosophy". They met frequently in London, often at Gresham College; some of the members also had meetings at Oxford, and in that city Boyle went to reside in 1654. Reading in 1657 of Otto von Guericke's air-pump, he set himself with the assistance of Robert Hooke to devise improvements in its construction, and with the result, the "machina Boyleana" or "Pneumatical Engine", finished in 1659, he began a series of experiments on the properties of air. An inscription can be found on the wall of University College, Oxford in the High Street at Oxford (now the location of the Shelley Memorial), marking the spot where Cross Hall stood until the early 1800s. It was here Boyle rented rooms from the wealthy apothecary who owned the Hall. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 379 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (706 × 1116 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 379 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (706 × 1116 pixel, file size: 243 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Stalbridge is a small town and parish in Dorset, England, situated in the Blackmore Vale area of North Dorset district, near the border with Somerset. ... Dorset (pronounced DOR-sit or [dɔ.sət], and sometimes in the past called Dorsetshire) is a county in the south-west of England, on the English Channel coast. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Sir Thomas Greshams grasshopper crest is used as a symbol of the College Gresham College is an unusual institution of higher learning off Holborn in central London. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... Otto von Guericke Otto von Guericke (originally spelled Gericke) [] (November 20, 1602 – May 11, 1686 (Julian calendar); November 30, 1602 – May 21, 1686 (Gregorian calendar)) was a German scientist, inventor, and politician. ... Robert Hooke, FRS (July 18, 1635 – March 3, 1703) was an English polymath who played an important role in the scientific revolution, through both experimental and theoretical work. ... College name University College Collegium Magnae Aulae Universitatis Named after Established 1249 Sister College Trinity Hall Master Lord Butler of Brockwell JCR President Peter Surr Undergraduates 420 MCR President Monte MacDiarmid Graduates 144 Homepage Boatclub Crest of University College, Oxford University College (in full, the The Master and Fellows of... Carfax, at the west end of the High Street, Oxford. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The Shelley Memorial is a memorial to the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) at University College, Oxford, England, the college that he briefly attended and from which he was expelled for writing a pamphlet on The Necessity of Atheism. ...


An account of Boyle's work with the air pump was published in 1660 under the title New Experiments Physico-Mechanicall, Touching the Spring of the Air, and its Effects.... Among the critics of the views put forward in this book was a Jesuit, Franciscus Linus (1595–1675), and it was while answering his objections that Boyle made his first mention of the law that the volume of a gas varies inversely to the pressure of the gas, which among English-speaking peoples is usually called after his name. Seal of the Society of Jesus. ...


However, the person that originally formulated the hypothesis was Henry Power in 1661. Boyle included a reference to a paper written by Power, but mistakenly attributed it to Richard Townley. In continental Europe the hypothesis is sometimes attributed to Edme Mariotte, although he did not publish it until 1676 and was likely aware of Boyle's work at the time.[1] In 1663 the Invisible College became the Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, and the charter of incorporation granted by Charles II of England, named Boyle a member of the council. In 1680 he was elected president of the society, but declined the honour from a scruple about oaths. Edme Mariotte (c. ... The Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, known simply as the Royal Society, is claimed to be the oldest learned society still in existence. ... Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685) was the King of England, Scotland, and Ireland. ...


It was during his time at Oxford that Boyle was a Chevalier. The Chevaliers are thought to have been established by royal order a few years before Boyle's time at Oxford. The period of Boyle's residence was marked by the reactionary actions of the victorious parliamentarian forces, consequently this period marked the most secretive period of Chevalier movements and thus little is known about Boyle's involvement beyond his membership. °°°°°°°°°°°→→→→→→→→→→→→§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§§ Prince Rupert, an archetypical cavalier For other uses, see Cavalier (disambiguation). ...


In 1668 he left Oxford for London where he resided at the house of his sister, Lady Ranelagh, in Pall Mall. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the London street. ...


Later years

Plaque at the site of Boyle and Hooke's experiments in Oxford. See also The Boyle-Hooke plaque.
Plaque at the site of Boyle and Hooke's experiments in Oxford. See also The Boyle-Hooke plaque.

In 1689 his health, never very strong, began to fail seriously and he gradually withdrew from his public engagements, ceasing his communications to the Royal Society, and advertising his desire to be excused from receiving guests, "unless upon occasions very extraordinary", on Tuesday and Friday forenoon, and Wednesday and Saturday afternoon. In the leisure thus gained he wished to "recruit his spirits, range his papers", and prepare some important chemical investigations which he proposed to leave "as a kind of Hermetic legacy to the studious disciples of that art", but of which he did not make known the nature. His health became still worse in 1691, and his death occurred on December 30 of that year, just a week after that of the sister with whom he had lived for more than twenty years. He was buried in the churchyard of St Martin's in the Fields, his funeral sermon being preached by his friend Bishop Burnet. In his will, Boyle endowed a series of Lectures which came to be known as the Boyle Lectures. Image File history File links Boyle-hooke. ... Image File history File links Boyle-hooke. ... The Shelley Memorial is a memorial to the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) at University College, Oxford, England, the college that he briefly attended and from which he was expelled for writing a pamphlet on The Necessity of Atheism. ... is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... St Martin-in-the-Fields is a Church of England church just northeast of Trafalgar Square in the City of Westminster, London. ... The Boyle Lectures were named after Robert Boyle, a prominent Irish Natural Philosopher in the 17th Century. ...


Scientific investigator

Boyle's great merit as a scientific investigator is that he carried out the principles which Francis Bacon preached in the Novum Organum. Yet he would not avow himself a follower of Bacon, or indeed of any other teacher. On several occasions he mentions that in order to keep his judgment as unprepossessed as might be with any of the modern theories of philosophy, until he was "provided of experiments" to help him judge of them, he refrained from any study of the Atomical and the Cartesian systems, and even of the Novum Organum itself, though he admits to "transiently consulting" them about a few particulars. Nothing was more alien to his mental temperament than the spinning of hypotheses. He regarded the acquisition of knowledge as an end in itself, and in consequence he gained a wider outlook on the aims of scientific inquiry than had been enjoyed by his predecessors for many centuries. This, however, did not mean that he paid no attention to the practical application of science nor that he despised knowledge which tended to use. Sir Francis Bacon Francis Bacon, 1st Viscount St Albans, KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English astrologer, philosopher, statesman, spy, freemason and essayist. ... The Novum Organum is a philosophical work by Francis Bacon published in 1620. ... Concern has been expressed that this article or section is missing information about: discussions of existence of atoms among prominent physicists up to the end of 19th century. ... Descartes redirects here. ...

Title page of The Sceptical Chymist (1661).
Title page of The Sceptical Chymist (1661).

He himself was an alchemist; and believing the transmutation of metals to be a possibility, he carried out experiments in the hope of effecting it; and he was instrumental in obtaining the repeal, in 1689, of the statute of Henry IV against multiplying gold and silver. With all the important work he accomplished in physics - the enunciation of Boyle's law, the discovery of the part taken by air in the propagation of sound, and investigations on the expansive force of freezing water, on specific gravities and refractive powers, on crystals, on electricity, on colour, on hydrostatics, etc.- chemistry was his peculiar and favourite study. His first book on the subject was The Sceptical Chymist, published in 1661, in which he criticized the "experiments whereby vulgar Spagyrists are wont to endeavour to evince their Salt, Sulphur and Mercury to be the true Principles of Things.". For him chemistry was the science of the composition of substances, not merely an adjunct to the arts of the alchemist or the physician. He advanced towards the modern view of elements as the undecomposable constituents of material bodies; and understanding the distinction between mixtures and compounds, he made considerable progress in the technique of detecting their ingredients, a process which he designated by the term "analysis". He further supposed that the elements were ultimately composed of particles of various sorts and sizes, into which, however, they were not to be resolved in any known way. Applied chemistry had to thank him for improved methods and for an extended knowledge of individual substances. He also studied the chemistry of combustion and of respiration, and conducted experiments in physiology, where, however, he was hampered by the "tenderness of his nature" which kept him from anatomical dissections, especially of living animals, though he knew them to be "most instructing". Image File history File links Size of this preview: 366 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (489 × 800 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) From http://en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 366 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (489 × 800 pixel, file size: 91 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) From http://en. ... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... Henry IV (3 April 1367 – 20 March 1413) was the King of England and France and Lord of Ireland from 1399 to 1413. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the chemical element. ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Boyles law (sometimes referred to as the Boyle-Mariotte law) is one of the gas laws and basis of derivation for the ideal gas law, which describes the relationship between the product pressure and volume within a closed system as constant when temperature and moles remain at a fixed... This article is about audible acoustic waves. ... Relative density (also known as specific gravity) is a measure of the density of a material. ... For the property of metals, see refraction (metallurgy). ... For other uses, see Crystal (disambiguation). ... Electricity (from New Latin ēlectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... Color is an important part of the visual arts. ... Hydrostatics, also known as fluid statics, is the study of fluids at rest. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Alchemy (disambiguation). ... This article is about common table salt. ... For the chemical element see: sulfur. ... This article is about the element. ... Look up chemical compound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Helium atom (schematic) Showing two protons (red), two neutrons (green) and two electrons (yellow). ... This article is about the chemical reaction combustion. ... In animal physiology, respiration is the transport of oxygen from the ambient air to the tissue cells and the transport of carbon dioxide in the opposite direction. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Dissected rat showing major organs. ...


Besides being a busy natural philosopher, Boyle devoted much time to theology, showing a very decided leaning to the practical side and an indifference to controversial polemics. At the Restoration he was favourably received at court, and in 1665 would have received the provostship of Eton, if he would have taken orders; but this he refused to do on the ground that his writings on religious subjects would have greater weight coming from a layman than a paid minister of the Church. As a director of the East India Company he spent large sums in promoting the spread of Christianity in the East, contributing liberally to missionary societies, and to the expenses of translating the Bible or portions of it into various languages. He founded the Boyle Lectures, intended to defend the Christian religion against those he considered "notorious infidels, namely atheists, deists, pagans, Jews and Muslims", with the provision that controversies between Christians were not to be mentioned. In 2004, the Boyle Lectures were resurrected in London [2]. In person Boyle was tall, slender and of a pale countenance. His constitution was far from robust, and throughout his life he suffered from feeble health and low spirits. While his scientific work procured him an extraordinary reputation among his contemporaries, his private character and virtues, the charm of his social manners, his wit and powers of conversation, endeared him to a large circle of personal friends. He was never married. His writings are exceedingly voluminous, and his style is clear and straightforward, though undeniably verbose. Theology finds its scholars pursuing the understanding of and providing reasoned discourse of religion, spirituality and God or the gods. ... Look up Polemic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Restoration. ... The Kings College of Our Lady of Eton beside Windsor, commonly known as Eton College or just Eton, is a public school (privately funded and independent) for boys, founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. It is located in Eton, near Windsor in England, north of Windsor Castle, and... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ... The Boyle Lectures were named after Robert Boyle, a prominent Irish Natural Philosopher in the 17th Century. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... For information about the band, see Atheist (band). ... Deism is belief in a God or first cause based on reason, rather than on faith or revelation, and thus a form of theism in opposition to fideism. ... Pagan may refer to: A believer in Paganism or Neopaganism Bagan, a city in Myanmar also known as Pagan Pagan (album), the 6th album by Celtic metal band Cruachan Pagan Island, of the Northern Mariana Islands Pagan Lorn, a metal band from Luxembourg, Europe (1994-1998) Pagans Mind, is... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ...


Important works

Boyle's self-flowing flask, a perpetual motion machine, appears to fill itself through siphon action. This is not possible in reality; a siphon requires its "output" to be lower than the "input".
Boyle's self-flowing flask, a perpetual motion machine, appears to fill itself through siphon action. This is not possible in reality; a siphon requires its "output" to be lower than the "input".

The following are the more important of his works: The figure is sometimes called Boyles perpetual motion scheme (in honor of Robert Boyle (1627-1691)), the perpetual vase or perpetual goblet. It was discussed by Denis Papin (1647-1712) in the Philosophical Transactions for 1685. ... The figure is sometimes called Boyles perpetual motion scheme (in honor of Robert Boyle (1627-1691)), the perpetual vase or perpetual goblet. It was discussed by Denis Papin (1647-1712) in the Philosophical Transactions for 1685. ... This article or section should include material from Parallel Path See also Perpetuum mobile as a musical term Perpetual motion machines (the Latin term perpetuum mobile is not uncommon) are a class of hypothetical machines which would produce useful energy in a way science cannot explain (yet). ... Not to be confused with Psiphon. ...

  • 1660 - New Experiments Physico-Mechanical: Touching the Spring of the Air and their Effects
  • 1661 - The Sceptical Chymist
  • 1663 - Considerations touching the Usefulness of Experimental Natural Philosophy (followed by a second part in 1671)
  • 1663 - Experiments and Considerations upon Colours, with Observations on a Diamond that Shines in the Dark
  • 1665 - New Experiments and Observations upon Cold
  • 1666 - Hydrostatical Paradoxes
  • 1666 - Origin of Forms and Qualities according to the Corpuscular Philosophy
  • 1669 - a continuation of his work on the spring of air
  • 1670 - tracts about the Cosmical Qualities of Things, the Temperature of the Subterraneal and Submarine Regions, the Bottom of the Sea, &c. with an Introduction to the History of Particular Qualities
  • 1672 - Origin and Virtues of Gems
  • 1673 - Essays of the Strange Subtilty, Great Efficacy, Determinate Nature of Effluviums
  • 1674 - two volumes of tracts on the Saltiness of the Sea, the Hidden Qualities of the Air, Cold, Celestial Magnets, Animadversions on Hobbes's Problemata de Vacuo
  • 1676 - Experiments and Notes about the Mechanical Origin or Production of Particular Qualities, including some notes on electricity and magnetism
  • 1678 - Observations upon an artificial Substance that Shines without any Preceding Illustration
  • 1680 - the Aerial Noctiluca
  • 1682 - New Experiments and Observations upon the Icy Noctiluca
  • 1682 - a further continuation of his work on the air
  • 1684 - Memoirs for the Natural History of the Human Blood
  • 1685 - Short Memoirs for the Natural Experimental History of Mineral Waters
  • 1686 - A Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Received Notion of Nature
  • 1690 - Medicina Hydrostatica
  • 1691 - Experimentae et Observationes Physicae

Among his religious and philosophical writings were: This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ...

  • 1648/1660 - Seraphic Love, written in 1648, but not published till 1660
  • 1663 - an Essay upon the Style of the Holy Scriptures
  • 1664 - Excellence of Theology compared with Natural Philosophy
  • 1665 - Occasional Reflections upon Several Subjects, which was ridiculed by Swift in A Meditation Upon a Broom-Stick, and by Butler in An Occasional Reflection on Dr Charlton's Feeling a Dog's Pulse at Gresham College
  • 1675 - Some Considerations about the Reconcileableness of Reason and Religion, with a Discourse about the Possibility of the Resurrection
  • 1687 - The Martyrdom of Theodora And Didymus

Jonathan Swift Jonathan Swift (November 30, 1667 – October 19, 1745) was an Irish cleric, satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer (first for Whigs then for Tories), and poet, famous for works like Gullivers Travels, A Modest Proposal, A Journal to Stella, The Drapiers Letters, The Battle of the Books, and... A Meditation Upon a Broomstick is a satire and parody written by Jonathan Swift some time around 1703. ... Samuel Butler Samuel Butler (4 December 1612–18 June 1680) was born in Strensham, Worcestershire and baptised 14 February 1613. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Brush, Stephen (2003). The Kinetic Theory of Gases - An Anthology of Classic Papers with Historical Commentary, History of Modern Physical Sciences Vol 1. Imperial College Press. ISBN 1860943489. 
  2. ^ See this site.

See also

Ambrose Godfrey-Hanckwitz (1660 – 15 January 1741), or Ambrose Godfrey as he preferred to be known, was a German-born British phosphorus manufacturer and apothecary. ... Anaerobic digestion component of Lübeck mechanical biological treatment plant in Germany, 2007 Anaerobic digestion is a process in which microorganisms break down biodegradable material in the absence of oxygen. ... An Experiment on a Bird in the Air Pump is a 1768 oil-on-canvas painting by Joseph Wright of Derby, part of a series of candlelit scenes that Wright painted during the 1760s. ... In thermodynamics, the Boyle temperature is defined as the temperature for which the second virial coefficient, vanishes, i. ... Lismore Castle, Co. ... This is a list of people on the postage stamps of the Republic of Ireland, including the years when they appeared on a stamp. ...

Further reading

  • Stephen Shapin and Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump.
  • Lawrence Principe, The Aspiring Adept: Robert Boyle and His Alchemical Quest

Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the experimental life is a book by Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer that examines the debates between Robert Boyle and Thomas Hobbes over Boyles air-pump experiments. ...

Boyle's published works online

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (hereafter SEP) is a free online encyclopedia of philosophy run and maintained by Stanford University. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature is a collection of biographies of writers by John W. Cousin, published around 1910. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Boyle - Crystalinks (1478 words)
The period of Boyle's residence was marked by the reactionary actions of the victorious parliamentarian forces, consequently this period marked the most secretive period of Chevalier movements and thus little is known about Boyle's involvement beyond his membership.
Boyle's great merit as a scientific investigator is that he carried out the principles which Francis Bacon preached in the Novum Organum.
In 2004 The Robert Boyle Science Room was opened in the Lismore Heritage Centre, near his birthplace, dedicated to his life and works where students have the opportunity of studying science and participating in scientific experiments.
Robert Boyle - LoveToKnow 1911 (977 words)
ROBERT BOYLE (1627-1691), English natural philosopher, seventh son and fourteenth child of Richard Boyle, the great earl of Cork; was born at Lismore Castle, in the province of Munster, Ireland, on the 25th of January 1627.
Boyle's great merit as a scientific investigator is that he carried out the principles which Bacon preached in the Novum Organum.
An incomplete and unauthorized edition of Boyle's works was published at Geneva in 1677, but the first complete edition was that of Thomas Birch, with a life, published in 1744, in five folio volumes, a second edition appearing in 1772 in six volumes, 4to.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m