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Encyclopedia > Robert Ballard
Robert D. Ballard
Robert D. Ballard

Robert Duane Ballard, Ph.D., (born June 30, 1942 in Wichita, Kansas) is an oceanographer most noted for his work in underwater archaeology. He is most famous for the discoveries of the wrecks of the RMS Titanic in 1985, the battleship Bismarck in 1989, and the wreck of the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown in 1998. Most recently he discovered the wreck of John F. Kennedy's PT-109 in 2002 and visited the Solomon Islander natives who saved its crew. Ballard is also great-grandson of American Old West lawman Bat Masterson. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Robert_Ballard. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Wichita (disambiguation). ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earths oceans and seas. ... For referencing in Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:Citing sources. ... For other uses, see Titanic (disambiguation). ... The German battleship Bismarck is one of the most famous warships of the Second World War. ... The third USS Yorktown (CV-5) was lead ship of the Yorktown class aircraft carrier of World War II, sunk at the Battle of Midway. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... PT-109 redirects here. ... Biuku Gasa was a Solomon Islands native who discovered John F. Kennedy and the rest of PT-109 crew following the ships collision with Japanese destroyer Amagiri near Plum Pudding Island on August 2, 1943. ... William Barclay Bat Masterson (November 27, 1853 [1] – October 25, 1921) was a figure of the American Old West. ...

Contents

Early life

Ballard grew up in Pacific Beach, San Diego, California. He has attributed his early interest in underwater exploration to reading the novel Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea [1], living by the ocean in San Diego, and his fascination with the groundbreaking expeditions of the bathyscaphe Trieste. The view south of Crystal Pier The view north of Crystal Pier Pacific Beach is a neighborhood of San Diego, bounded by La Jolla to the north, Mission Beach to the south, Interstate 5 to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. ... San Diego redirects here. ... Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea is a classic science fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne (1828–1905), published in 1870 under the title Vingt mille lieues sous les mers. ... Typical internal arrangement A bathyscape, bathyscaphe, or bathyscaph is a free-diving self-propelled deep-sea diving submersible, consisting of a crew cabin similar to a bathysphere suspended below a float (rather than from a surface cable, as in the classic bathysphere design) Bathyscaphe Trieste, before dive into Marianas Trench... The bathyscaphe Trieste Trieste was a Swiss designed deep-diving research bathyscaphe (deep boat) with a crew of two people, which reached a record-breaking depth of about 10,900 m (about 35,760 ft), in the deepest part of the oceans, the Challenger Deep, in 1960. ...


Ballard began working for Andreas Rechnitzer's Ocean Systems Group at North American Aviation in 1962 when his father, Chet Ballard, the chief engineer at North American Aviation's Minuteman missile program, helped him get a part-time job. When Ballard first joined North American, he worked with Rechnitzer on North American's failed proposal to build the submersible Alvin for the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. North American Aviation was a major US aircraft manufacturer. ... The LGM-30 Minuteman is a United States nuclear missile, a land-based intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ... The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers. ...


In 1965, Ballard graduated from the University of California, Santa Barbara, earning undergraduate degrees in chemistry and geology. While a student in Santa Barbara, California, he joined Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, and also completed the US Army's ROTC program, giving him an Army officer's commission in Army Intelligence. His first graduate degree (MS, 1966) was in geophysics from the University of Hawaii's Institute of Geophysics where he trained porpoises and whales to make a living. After getting married, Ballard returned to Andreas Rechnitzer's Ocean Systems Group at North American Aviation. The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It is one out of 10 campuses of the University of California. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Barbara Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - Total 41. ... Sigma Alpha Epsilon (ΣΑΕ) is a secret letter, social college fraternity. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... The Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) is a training program of the United States armed forces present on college campuses to recruit and educate commissioned officers. ... Look up MS, Ms, ms, .ms in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the University of Hawaii system. ... North American Aviation was a major US aircraft manufacturer. ...


Ballard was working towards a Ph.D. in marine geology at the University of Southern California in 1967 when he was called to active duty. Upon his request, Ballard was transferred from the Army into the US Navy as an oceanographer. The Navy assigned Ballard as a liaison between the Office of Naval Research and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Doctor of Philosophy (Ph. ... Marine geology involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal margins. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology and marine science is the study of the earths oceans and their interlinked ecosystems and chemical and physical processes. ... ONR Logo The Office of Naval Research (ONR), headquartered in Arlington, Virginia (Ballston), is an office of the U.S. Navy that carries out scientific research to support the Navy and Marine Corps in the interest of national security. ... The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers. ... Woods Hole is a census-designated place and village within the town of Falmouth in Barnstable County, Massachusetts, at the extreme southwest corner of Cape Cod, near the island of Marthas Vineyard, and is the site of three famous scientific institutions: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the Marine Biological Laboratory...


After leaving the Navy in 1970, Ballard continued working at Woods Hole persuading organizations and people, mostly scientists, to fund and use Alvin for undersea research. Four years later Ballard received a Ph.D. in marine geology and geophysics at the University of Rhode Island. Marine geology involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal margins. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... The University of Rhode Island, commonly abbreviated as URI, is the principal public research university in the State of Rhode Island, with its main campus in Kingston, Rhode Island, and three other campuses located throughout the state. ...


Ballard's first dive in a submersible was in the Ben Franklin (PX-15) in 1969 off the coast of Florida during a Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution expedition. In the summer of 1970 , Ballard began a field mapping project of the Gulf of Maine for his doctoral dissertation. The project used an air gun that sent shock waves underwater to determine the underlying structure of the ocean floor and the submersible Alvin which was used to find and recover a sample from the bedrock. This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Gulf of Maine The Gulf of Maine is a large gulf of the Atlantic Ocean on the northeastern coast of North America. ... This article is about the thesis in dialectics and academia. ... Bedrock is the native consolidated rock underlying the Earths surface. ...


During the summer of 1975, Ballard participated in a joint French-American expedition called Phere searching for hydrothermal vents over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, but the expedition did not find any active vents. A 1979 expedition was aided by deep-towed still camera sleds that were able to take pictures of the ocean floor, making it easier to find the vent locations. Hydrothermal vents are fissures in a planets surface from which geothermally heated water issues. ... Courtesy USGS The ridge was central in the breakup of Pangaea that began some 180 million years ago. ...


When Alvin inspected one of the sites they located, the scientists observed black smoke billowing out of the vents, something not observed at the Galápagos Rift. Ballard and geophysicist Jean Francheteau went down in Alvin the day after the black smokers were first observed. They were able to take an accurate temperature reading of the active vent (the previous dive's thermometer had melted), and recorded 350 °C (662 °F). Ballard and Francheteau continued searching for more vents along the East Pacific Rise between 1980 and 1982. NASA Satellite photo of the Galápagos archipelago. ... A black smoker in the Atlantic Ocean Black smokers are a type of hydrothermal vent found on the ocean floor. ... The East Pacific Rise is a long north-south welt of seafloor spreading under the eastern Pacific Ocean from near Antarctica in the south northward to its termination at the northern end of the Gulf of California in the Salton Sea basin in southern Pennsylvania California. ...


Marine archaeology

While Ballard had been interested in the sea since an early age, his work at Woods Hole and his scuba diving experiences off Massachusetts spurred his interest in shipwrecks and their exploration. His work in the Navy had involved assisting the development of small, unmanned submersibles which could be tethered to and controlled from a surface ship, and were outfitted with lighting, cameras, and manipulator arms. As early as 1973, Ballard saw this as way of searching for the wreck of Titanic. In 1977, he led his first expedition, which was unsuccessful. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute is a soft money institution founded in 1930, whose mission is to extend our understanding of how the oceans in all there parts function. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


RMS Titanic

In the summer of 1985, Ballard was aboard the French research ship Le Suroît which was using the revolutionary new side scan sonar to search for Titanic's wreck. When the French ship was recalled, Ballard transferred onto a ship from Woods Hole, the Knorr. Unbeknownst to some, this trip was being financed by the U.S. Navy for secret reconnaissance of the wreckage of USS Scorpion, a nuclear submarine that had sunk nearby. The agreement was that after the Navy search was concluded, Ballard would be free to hunt for Titanic. Categories: Technology stubs ... Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute is a soft money institution founded in 1930, whose mission is to extend our understanding of how the oceans in all there parts function. ... R/V Knorr is a research vessel is owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community. ... USS Scorpion (SSN-589) was the sixth ship of the United States Navy to be named for the scorpion, (hence the Scorpius constellation on her insignia). ... USS Los Angeles A submarine is a specialized watercraft that can operate underwater. ...


Knorr arrived on site on August 22, 1985, and deployed Argo, an unmanned submersible that could be used in very deep water. Ballard's plan was to "sweep" Argo back and forth across the ocean floor, not looking for a ship, but for debris. Many Titanic experts had long held that as the ship sank, it would have scattered debris across a wide area. Ballard's team took shifts monitoring the video feed from Argo as it searched the monotonous ocean floor two miles below. R/V Knorr is a research vessel is owned by the U.S. Navy and operated by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution for the U.S. research community. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Argo is launched from the Knorr during the 1985 Titanic expedition. ...


In the early morning hours of September 1, 1985, observers noted anomalies on the otherwise smooth ocean floor. At first, it was pockmarks, like small craters from impacts. Eventually debris was sighted as the rest of the team was awakened. Finally, a boiler was sighted, and soon after the hull itself was found. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


Ballard's team made a general search of the vessel's exterior, noting its condition; most significantly they confirmed that Titanic had in fact split in two, and that the stern was in far worse shape than the rest of the ship. Ballard's team did not have much time to explore, as others were waiting to take Knorr on other scientific pursuits, but his fame was now assured. Ballard originally planned to keep the exact location a secret to prevent anyone from claiming prizes from the wreck. Ballard considered the site a cemetery, and refused to desecrate it by removing artifacts from the wreck. However, in an address to Congress shortly after he returned to the United States, Ballard implored future explorers to spending time to retrieving artifacts to create a museum.


On July 12, 1986, Ballard and his team returned to make the first detailed study of the wreck. This time, Ballard brought Alvin, a deep diving submersible which could hold a small crew. Alvin was accompanied by Jason Junior, a small remotely operated vehicle which could fit through small openings to see into the ship's interior. While the first dive (taking over two hours to dive down) saw technical problems, subsequent dives were far more successful, and produced a detailed photographic record of the wreck's condition. is the 193rd day of the year (194th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ...


In June 2003, NOAA's Office of Ocean Exploration sponsored an 11-day research cruise to the wreck site aboard the Russian Research Vessel Akademik Mstislav Keldysh. The vessel was equipped with two three-person submersibles (Mir I and Mir II) capable of diving to depths of 6,000 meters; the depth of the Titanic is 3,800 m (12,467 feet).


The 2003 RMS Titanic Expedition planned four Mir dives to the Titanic to assess the wreck site in its current condition, and provide an opportunity to conduct scientific observations for ongoing research. A second objective of the expedition addressed the study of microbial communities, called rusticles, that consume Titanic’s iron and cling to the wreck like rusty icicles.


Military wrecks

Bismarck

Ballard undertook an even more daunting task when he and his team went searching for the Bismarck. The water in which she sank is 4,000 feet deeper than where the Titanic sank. Ballard attempted to make clear whether the German battleship had been sunk by the British or was scuttled by her own crew. Three weeks after the expedition however, personal tragedy struck the famed explorer when his 21 year old son Todd who had aided his father in the search, was killed in a car accident. The German battleship Bismarck is one of the most famous warships of the Second World War. ...


Battle of Guadalcanal

Ballard and his team have also visited the sites of many wrecks of World War II in the Pacific. His book Lost Ships of Guadalcanal locates and photographs many of the vessels sunk in the infamous Iron Bottom Sound, the strait between Guadalcanal Island and the Floridas in the Solomon Islands. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses, see Pacific War (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied forces including: United States Australia New Zealand British Solomon Is. ... Ironbottom Sound was the name given by sailors of the United States Navy to the stretch of water between Guadalcanal, Savo Island, and Florida Island of the Solomon Islands. ... Guadalcanal (local name: Isatabu) is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands. ... Map of the Florida Islands The Florida Islands (or Nggela Islands) are a small island group in the Central Province of the Solomon Islands, a nation in the western Pacific Ocean. ...


JFK's PT-109

In 2002, the National Geographic Society and Ballard fielded a ship with remote vehicles to the Solomon Islands. They succeeded in finding a torpedo tube from the tiny shipwreck of John F. Kennedy's PT-109 which was rammed in 1943 by a small destroyer off Ghizo Island. The visit also brought to light the identity of islanders Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana who had received little recognition for finding the shipwrecked crew after searching for days in their dugout canoe. A TV special and a book were produced, and Ballard spoke at the John F. Kennedy Library in 2005. This article is about the organization. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... PT-109 redirects here. ... Biuku Gasa was a Solomon Islands native who discovered John F. Kennedy and the rest of PT-109 crew following the ships collision with Japanese destroyer Amagiri near Plum Pudding Island on August 2, 1943. ... A dugout is a boat which is basically a hollowed tree trunk. ... The John F Kennedy Library The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library is the presidential library and museum of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Institute for Exploration

In the 1990s Ballard founded the Institute for Exploration, which specializes in deep-sea archaeology and deep-sea geology. It joined forces in 1999 with the Mystic Aquarium located in Mystic, Connecticut. They are a part of the non-profit Sea Research Foundation, Inc. The Mystic Aquarium & Institute for Exploration is an aquarium and oceanography institute in Mystic, Connecticut. ... A coffeeshop along Main Street in Mystic Mystic is a census-designated place located in New London County, Connecticut. ...


Black Sea

In a series of expeditions, a team of marine archeologists led by Ballard identified what appeared to be ancient shorelines, freshwater snail shells, drowned river valleys, tool-worked timbers, and man-made structures in roughly 300 feet (100 m) of water off the Black Sea coast of modern Turkey. Radiocarbon dating of freshwater mollusk remains indicated an age of about 7,000 years. For other uses, see Black Sea (disambiguation). ... Carbon-14 is the radioactive isotope of carbon discovered February 27, 1940, by Martin Kamen and Sam Ruben. ...


According to a report in New Scientist magazine (May 4, 2002, p. 13), the researchers found an underwater delta south of the Bosporus. There was evidence for a strong flow of fresh water out of the Black Sea in the 8th millennium BCE. Ballard's research has contributed to the debate over the Black Sea deluge theory. New Scientist is a weekly international science magazine covering recent developments in science and technology for a general English-speaking audience. ... I LOVE BORAT!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!Two bridges cross the Bosporus. ... (9th millennium BC – 8th millennium BC – 7th millennium BC – other millennia) Events The south area of Çatalhöyük. ... The Black Sea deluge is a hypothesized prehistoric flood that occurred when the Black Sea rapidly filled, possibly forming the basis for some Great Flood myths. ...


Awards and honors

The Caird Medal of the National Maritime Museum was instituted in 1984 to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the National Maritime Museum Act of 1934 that established the museum. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ...

Other works

Academics

In 2004, Ballard was appointed professor of oceanography, and currently serves as Director of the Institute for Archaeological Oceanography, at the University of Rhode Island's Graduate School of Oceanography. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thermohaline circulation Oceanography (from Ocean + Greek γράφειν = write), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth Sciences that studies the Earths oceans and seas. ... The University of Rhode Island, commonly abbreviated as URI, is the principal public research university in the State of Rhode Island, with its main campus in Kingston, Rhode Island, and three other campuses located throughout the state. ...


Television

Ballard served as the technical consultant on the science fiction series "seaQuest DSV" during its first season from September 1993 until May 1994. During the end credits, he would speak about the scientific elements that were present in any given episode and place them in a contemporary context. Although he exited the series in the second season, he was referenced in the third season, with the "Ballard Institute" being named after him. This section has been identified as trivia. ...


Quotations

  • "Captain Nemo in 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne is who I always wanted to be. Absolutely no doubt about it. I always had this dream of being inside his ship, the Nautilus."
  • "If you can plan it out, and it seems logical to you, then you can do it. I discovered the power of a plan."
  • "All kids dream a marvelous image of what they want to do. But then society tells them they can't do it. I didn't listen. I wanted to live my dream."
  • "Salesmanship is a critical part of accomplishment in any field. You have to look people in the eye and not blink when you say you can do it."

References

  1. ^ An Interview with Dr. Robert Ballard. Homeschool.com. Retrieved on October 17, 2005.

is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Robert Ballard's faculty page at the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island.
  • Institute for Exploration at the Mystic Aquarium.
  • Ocean Explorer - Public outreach site for explorations sponsored by the Office of Ocean Exploration.
  • NOAA, Ocean Explorer OceanAGE Careers - Video profiles, biographies, and background materials related to Oceanexplorer
John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... PT-109 redirects here. ... PT-109 redirects here. ... Motor Torpedo Boat PT 59 was a PT boat that served with the US Navy in World War II. She is noted for firing a torpedo that ran straight and true — into a friendly supply ship, causing injuries, but no deaths. ... PT boats in line astern. ... Lt. ... Many people know the story of how the PT-109 commanded by future United States President, then Lieutenant, John F. Kennedy was cut in half by a destroyer in the Blackett Strait on the night of 2 August 1943. ... The Fubuki The Fubuki Class destroyers, originally only known as numbered destroyers 35 to 54 of the Imperial Japanese Navy Special Type, were completed between 1928 and 1931. ... The Tokyo Express was the nickname given by United States sailors and marines to the Japanese attempts to reinforce and resupply their forces during the battle of Guadalcanal and subsequent operations in the Solomon Islands in World War II. Airplanes from Henderson Field on Guadalcanal made it too dangerous for... The Nakajima A6M2-N Rufe Interceptor/Fighter-Bomber is a single-crew seaplane based on the Mitsubishi A6M Zero Model 11. ... John Kennedy and JFK redirect here. ... Lt. ... Captain Martin Clemens, Australian Coastwatcher on Guadalcanal, rendered services to Allied forces during the battle for the island (August, 1942-February, 1943). ... Biuku Gasa was a Solomon Islands native who discovered John F. Kennedy and the rest of PT-109 crew following the ships collision with Japanese destroyer Amagiri near Plum Pudding Island on August 2, 1943. ... TM2/c Andrew Jackson Kirksey and MoMM2/c Harold W. Marney were the two crew members of John F. Kennedys PT-109 who were lost when the boat was struck at night by a Japanese destroyer. ... Matthew Maxwell Taylor Kennedy (born January 11, 1965), also known as Max Kennedy, was born in New York, New York. ... New Georgia Islands Kolombangara is an island in the New Georgia Islands group of the Solomon Islands. ... A map of Gizo Island Gizo is the capital of the Western province in the Solomon Islands. ... Kennedy Island is an island in the Solomon Islands that was named after John F. Kennedy. ... Google Earth generated image of Lumbari Island, at north end of Rendova Island. ... Rendova Island seen from space Rendova Island is an island, part of the New Georgia Islands, Solomon Islands, located at . ... Tulagi, less commonly Tulaghi, is a small island (5. ... Battle of Blackett Strait Conflict World War II, Pacific War Date 6 March 1943 Place Blackett Strait, Solomon Islands Result American victory The Battle of Blackett Strait was a naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II, fought on 6 March 1943 in the Blackett Strait, between Kolombangara... Combatants  United States  Australia New Guinea[1]  New Zealand  United Kingdom Colony of Fiji[2] Solomon Is. ... Combatants United States Japan Commanders Frederick Moosbrugger Kaju Sugiura Strength 6 destroyers 4 destroyers Casualties None 3 destroyers sunk, 1,210 killed[1] The Battle of Vella Gulf (Japanese: ベラ湾夜戦) was a naval battle of the Pacific campaign of World War II fought on the night of August 6, 1943 – August... PT 109 is a 1963 biographical movie which shows the events of John F. Kennedys actions as a member of the United States Navy during World War II. The movie was adapted by Richard L. Breen, Vincent Flaherty and Howard Sheehan from the book by Robert J. Donovan. ... DVD cover The Search for Kennedys PT 109 is a National Geographic television special and video. ... Gold Key Comic Book 12 cents, now worth over $20 if mint PT-109 was made into a comic book based on the 1963 movie, which in turn was based on the book by Donovan. ... PT-109 was a song by Jimmy Dean about the adventures of John F. Kennedy and the crew of the PT-109. ... The popularity of the story of John F. Kennedys PT-109 made it a very popular subject for ship model companies in the 1960s, and it is still popular even as newly manufactured kits in the 2000s. ... The John F Kennedy Library The John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library is the presidential library and museum of U.S. President John F. Kennedy. ... Located in Fall River, Massachusetts, Battleship Cove is a nonprofit maritime museum and war memorial that traces its origins to the wartime crew of the World War II battleship U.S.S. Massachusetts. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Robert Ballard - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1983 words)
Ballard was working towards a Ph.D. in marine geology at the University of Southern California in 1967, when he was called to active duty.
Ballard's team made a general search of the vessel's exterior, and noted its condition, including the confirmation that Titanic had in fact split in two, and that the stern was in far worse shape than the rest of the ship.
In 2004, Dr. Ballard was appointed professor of oceanography at the Graduate School of Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island.
Dr. Robert Ballard speaks for International Speakers Bureau (930 words)
Robert Ballard was born in Kansas, but grew up in San Diego, California, where a childhood fascination with tidal pools and marine life led him to study marine geology.
Ballard had resolved to find the sunken hulk of RMS Titanic, the supposedly "unsinkable" ocean liner which had sunk, with massive loss of life, after she struck an iceberg on her maiden voyage in 1912.
Ballard was then forced to wait an excruciating year for weather conditions favorable to a manned mission to view the wreck at close range.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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