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Encyclopedia > Robert Baker Aitken
Robert Aitken and Anne Aitken
Robert Aitken and Anne Aitken

Robert Baker Aitken (born 1917 in Philadelphia) is an American teacher of Zen Buddhism in the Harada-Yasutani (or Sanbo Kyodan) tradition, a blending of Soto and Rinzai schools. He was a student of Nyogen Senzaki, Sõen Nakagawa, and Haku’un Yasutani and was a disciple of Koun Yamada. Download high resolution version (511x703, 41 KB)Source: www. ... Download high resolution version (511x703, 41 KB)Source: www. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Philadelphia is a village located in Jefferson County, New York. ... A woodblock print by Yoshitoshi, (Japan, 1887) depicting Bodhidharma the founder of Chinese Zen. ... The Sanbō Kyōdan (Japanese: 三宝教団) is Zen Buddhist sect based in Japan. ... For the vegetable, see Celosia. ... There is a disputed proposal that this article should be merged with Rinzai and Linji. ... Nyogen Senzaki Nyogen Senzaki (18??-1958) was a Japanese-born Zen monk and teacher. ...

The grandson of astronomer Robert Grant Aitken, he attended the University of Hawai'i before and after World War II, earning degrees in English and Japanese Studies. During these studies, he worked closely with a number of academic teachers, including D.T. Suzuki. His involvement in Zen academia would continue throughout his life. Robert Grant Aitken (December 31, 1864 – October 29, 1951) was an American astronomer. ... Jean Charlots mural called Commencement is featured at Bachman Hall, the administrative center of the University of Hawai`i System. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Daisetz Teitaro Suzuki (October 18, 1870, Kanazawa, Japan - July 22, 1966; standard transliteration: Suzuki Daisetsu, 鈴木大拙) was a famous author of books and essays on Buddhism and Zen that were instrumental in spreading interest in Zen to the West. ...

While in a wartime Japanese prison camp (he had been captured as a civilian in Guam), he met the British scholar R.H. Blyth, who introduced him to Zen Buddhism. In 1950, Aitken made the first in a series of ongoing trips to study Zen as a spiritual student, beginning with Sõen Nakagawa at Ryutaku-ji monastery. Over the next twenty-four years, he would travel to Japan. to study with Zen masters, and to Los Angeles to study with Nyogen Senzaki Bodhidharma, woodcut print by Yoshitoshi, 1887. ... Buddhism (Pāli Buddhadhamma or Sanskrit Buddhadharma) is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, who lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following his death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the largest city in California. ...

In 1959 Robert Aitken and his wife Anne Hopkins Aitken moved to Hawai'i to be near his young son Thomas Laune Aitken. There they established a Zen Center, the Diamond Sangha , which had two zendos in Hawai'i. Aitken was authorized to teach by Kõun Yamada in 1974. He was given full transmission by Yamada in 1985. 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Robert Aitken and Anne Aitken Anne Arundel Hopkins Aitken is considered by many to be one of the modern mothers of Zen Buddhism in the western world. ... Zendo (禅堂, Chinese: Chántáng) is a Japanese term translating roughly as meditation hall. In Zen Buddhism, the zendo is a spiritual dojo where zazen (sitting meditation) is practiced. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...

His most well-known book is Taking the Path of Zen, published in 1982, a practical guide to zazen and Zen practice. He has since published numerous works, including several translations, teishos and commentaries on koans. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Contents: Top - A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Several Buddhist terms and concepts lack direct translations into English that cover the breadth of the original term. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

In 1984 he published The Mind of Clover: Essays in Zen Buddhist Ethics, which was the first major book dealing with the application of the Ten Cardinal Precepts for Western Zen adherents. 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Pancasila or pañca-sila is the fundamental code of Buddhist ethics, willingly undertaken by lay followers of Gautama Buddha. ...

Aitken has been a noted peace activist, demonstrating against nuclear arms, the Vietnam War and violence in general. He was a participant in founding the Buddhist Peace Fellowship and the Hawai'i chapters of the ACLU and AFSC, and has always been an advocate of interreligious dialogue. He is notable in his teachings and writings for his views on the moral implications of Zen. Widely-recognized peace symbol Peace is commonly understood to mean the absence of hostilities. ... The mushroom cloud of the atomic bombing of Nagasaki, Japan, 1945, rose some 18 km (11 mi) above the hypocenter. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 1,250,000+ US dead: 58,226 US wounded... The mission of the Buddhist Peace Fellowship (BPF), founded in 1978, is to serve as a catalyst for socially engaged Buddhism. ... The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ... American Friends Service Committee logo The American Friends Service Committee (AFSC) is a Religious Society of Friends (Quaker) affiliated organization which works for social justice, peace and reconciliation, abolition of the death penalty, and human rights, and provides humanitarian relief. ...

Today, the Diamond Sangha has affiliate zen centers in South America, Australia, the United States and Europe, while Aitken continues to publish and enjoy his semi-retirement in Honolulu. South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ...

Selected works

  • (1982) Taking the Path of Zen, North Point. ISBN 0865470804.
  • (1984) The Mind of Clover: Essays in Zen Buddhist Ethics, North Point. ISBN 0865471584.
  • (1991) The Gateless Barrier: The Wu-menkuan (Mumonkan), North Point. ISBN 0865474427.
  • (1992) The Dragon Who Never Sleeps: Verses for Zen Buddhist Practice, Parallax. ISBN 0938077600.
  • (1994) Encouraging Words: Zen Buddhist Teachings for Western Students, Pantheon; Reprint edition. ISBN 0679756523.
  • (1996) The Ground We Share: Everyday Practice, Buddhist and Christian, with David Steindl-Rast, Shambhala. ISBN 1570622191.
  • (1997) The Practice of Perfection: The Paramitas from a Zen Buddhist Perspective, Counterpoint. ISBN 1887178406.
  • (1997) Original Dwelling Place: Zen Buddhist Essays, Counterpoint; Reprint edition. ISBN 1887178414.
  • (2002) Zen Master Raven: Savings and Doings of a Wise Bird, Tuttle; 1st ed edition. ISBN 0804834733.
  • (2003) A Zen Wave: Basho's Haiku and Zen, Shoemaker & Hoard. ISBN 1593760086.
  • (2003) The Morning Star: New and Selected Zen Writings, Shoemaker & Hoard. ISBN 1593760019.
  • (2006) Vegetable Roots Discourse: Wisdom from the Ming, with Daniel W.Y. Kwok, Shoemaker & Hoard. ISBN 1593760914.

The Gateless Gate (無門關, Mandarin. ... Parallax Press is an independent publishing house based in Berkeley, California. ... Pantheon Books was an American publishing company that was acquired by Random House in 1961. ... Shambhala Publications is a publishing company based in Boulder, Colorado. ... Charles Egbert Tuttle (1915 - 1993) was a U.S. publisher. ... Basho can refer to one of the following: Basho, a contest in sumo wrestling, especially one of the honbasho. ... Haiku (俳句) is a mode of Japanese poetry, a late 19th century revision by Masaoka Shiki of the older hokku (発句), the opening verse of a linked verse form, haikai no renga . ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Robert Baker Aitken - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (522 words)
Robert Baker Aitken (born 1917 in Philadelphia) is an American teacher of Zen Buddhism in the Harada-Yasutani (or Sanbo Kyodan) tradition, a blending of Soto and Rinzai schools.
In 1959, Robert Aitken and his wife Anne Hopkins Aitken moved to Hawai'i to be near his young son Thomas Laune Aitken.
The Robert Baker Aitken Archives at the University of Hawai'i
  More results at FactBites »



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