FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Road running
Road running in a U.S. Air Force marathon
Road running in a U.S. Air Force marathon

Road running is the sport of running on a measured course over an established road (as opposed to track and cross country running). These events normally range from 5 km to long distance, such as half marathons and marathons, and may involve large numbers of runners or wheelchair entrants. Road running is part of group of road events known as "road races". Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x800, 89 KB) From http://www-p. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (650x800, 89 KB) From http://www-p. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1562 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Road running Half marathon Culture of Bristol User:Gasheadsteve Bristol Half Marathon Metadata This file contains additional information... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 1562 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Road running Half marathon Culture of Bristol User:Gasheadsteve Bristol Half Marathon Metadata This file contains additional information... For the event, see Fun run. ... The Bristol Half Marathon is an annual road running event held on the streets of Bristol, UK. Fun runners taking part in the 2006 Bristol Half Marathon. ... For other uses, see Running (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... The Minnesota State Highschool Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ... In athletics, a half marathon is a race over half the distance of a marathon, i. ... Modern-day marathon runners For other senses of this word, see Marathon (disambiguation). ...


Road running may offer those involved a range of challenges and interests such as dealing with hills, sharp bends, varied surfaces, inclement weather, and involvement in a large group. Aerobic fitness, or the ability of the body to use oxygen, is important to help complete the long distance. Anaerobic fitness, the body's ability to respond when there isn't enough oxygen for the muscle, is helpful when encountering hills and providing energy for a sprint at the finish. Aerobic exercise refers to exercise that is of moderate intensity, undertaken for a long duration. ... Fox and Haskell formula Anaerobic exercise is typically used by athletes in non-endurance sports to build power and by body builders to build muscle mass. ...


The impact of running on roads puts more stress on the feet, knees and lower back than running on dirt or grass. It can compensate by providing a consistent, level surface. It may put less strain on the Achilles tendon.[1] This is about vertebrate anatomy. ...

Contents

Courses

Race courses are usually held on the streets of major cities and towns but they could be on any road. Most road races are either 5 km (3.1 miles), 10 km (6.2 miles), half-marathon (21.097 km, 13.1 miles), or marathon (42.195 km, 26.2 miles), but non-standard distances are also used. The "Round the Bays" run in Auckland, New Zealand is 8.4 km (5.2 miles), the Falmouth Road Race in Falmouth, Cape Cod is 7.1 miles long, San Francisco's "Bay to Breakers" is 12 km (7.46 miles); "City to Surf" in Sydney, Australia is 14 km, Honolulu's "Great Aloha Run" is 8.15 miles (13.12 km), and the "Charleston Distance Run" in Charleston, West Virginia is 15 miles (24.14 km). For other uses, see Auckland (disambiguation). ... The CIGNA Falmouth Road Race is an annual 7-mile road race on Cape Cod from Woods Hole, a village in the town of Falmouth, Massachusetts, to Falmouth Heights. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Bay to Breakers is an annual footrace which takes place in San Francisco, California. ... City to Surf is a popular road running event held annually in both Sydney and Perth, Australia. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... For the city and county of Honolulu, see City & County of Honolulu. ... The Hawaiian Telcom Great Aloha Run is a road race that takes place annually in Honolulu, Hawaii on the third Monday in February (Presidents Day in the United States). ... The Charleston Distance Run is a 15 mile road race held annually in Charleston, West Virginia. ... Nickname: Home of Hospitality, The most northern city of the South and the most southern city of the North, Chemicalville, The Capitol City C-Town Location of Charleston in West Virginia. ...


Most road race courses have a certificate of course accuracy which confirms that they have been measured with an accuracy of better than 0.1%, i.e. to within 10m for a 10 km race [2]. Measurement is normally done by means of a calibrated bicycle fitted with a Jones Counter. If a world record is set on a race course, the course is independently remeasured to verify that it was the correct length. Jones Counters: Upper- NYRRC model. ...


Ultrarunning

Running that covers a distance farther than a marathon is called ultrarunning; the event is an ultramarathon. Such events can be measured in distance (for example, 100 kilometers) or by time (whoever has run the farthest after 24 hours). Examples include the London to Brighton run in England which is just over 54 miles (87.085 km), the Comrades Marathon run between Pietermaritzburg and Durban in South Africa which is about 89 km (55.3 miles), and the Badwater Ultramarathon between Death Valley and Mount Whitney in the United States which is 135 miles (215 km). Ultrarunning is a sport where competitors run footraces longer than the 42 km 195 m (26. ... An ultramarathon is any running event longer than the traditional marathon length of 42. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other places with the same name, see Brighton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... The Comrades Marathon is a South African ultramarathon run over a distance of approximately 90 km. ... Pietermaritzburg is the capital and second largest city of the province of KwaZulu-Natal in South Africa. ... For other uses, see Durban (disambiguation). ... The Badwater Ultramarathon describes itself as the worlds toughest foot race. It is a 135 mile (215 km) course starting at 282 feet (85 m) below sea level in the Badwater Basin, in Californias Death Valley, and ending at an elevation of 8360 feet (2548 m) at Whitney... For other uses, see Death Valley (disambiguation). ... Mount Whitney is the highest point in the contiguous United States at elevation 14,505 feet (4,421 meters). ...


Multiday running

Beyond the ultramarathon lie the multiday and stage races. These events include current events such as the Self-Transcendence 6 & 10 day and 3100 mile races in New York, Trans-America, Trans-Gaul, Trans-Korea, Trans-Europe race and the cross Germany race - the Deutschlandlauf. In these events runners have to complete as many miles as possible in the given time limit - the go-as-you-please style or have to complete a given distance in a set time such as the daily stages of the trans-country races where cut-offs are enforced. Multiday races are ultramarathon running events which are typically either segmented into daily events of a specified distance or time, or staged so that runners can run as far as they want, at their own discretion, over a set course or over a set number of days. ... The Self-Transcendence 3100 mile race is the worlds longest certified footrace. ...


Participation

Road running is unique among athletic events because in many cases first time amateurs are welcome to participate in the same event as members of running clubs and even current world-class champions. Though often race times are recorded manually by race organizers, sometimes road races feature electronic timing using transponders. Transponder timing is a technique for measuring performance in athletic events. ...


Road races are often community-wide events that highlight or raise money for an issue or project. In the USA, Susan G. Komen's Race for the Cure is held nationwide to raise breast cancer awareness. This race is also run in Germany, Italy and Puerto Rico. Similarly, Race for Life holds races throughout the UK to raise money for Cancer Research. First person "race reports" frequently appear on the Dead Runners Society electronic mailing list. The Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation is a foundation created to support breast cancer research. ... Race for the Cure Logo Race for the Cure is a series of road races run to benefit the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation and to raise awareness about breast cancer. ... Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... A runner in a Race for Life event held in Cambridge 2006 wears a card in memory of the people affected by cancer. ... The DRS flag includes a smiley emoticon (symbolizing computers) and a star (symbolizing the Lone Star State of Texas) where the group was founded in 1991 The Dead Runners Society (DRS) is a worldwide online running club. ... An electronic mailing list, a type of Internet forum, is a special usage of e-mail that allows for widespread distribution of information to many Internet users. ...


Governing body and International Organisations

Road racing's international governing body is the IAAF. National governing bodies which are affiliated to the IAAF are responsible for road races held in their country. Of the thousands of road races held each year, 238 races, including some premier ones, are members of the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS). Many race organizers (or the running clubs which conduct the races) are members of the Road Runners Club of America. In addition, the USA Track & Field plays a role in selecting representatives for certain international competitions under the Amateur Sports Act of 1978. The International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) is the international governing body for the sport of athletics (known in the US as track and field). It was founded in 1912 at its first Congress in Stockholm, Sweden by representatives from 17 national athletics federations as the International Amateur Athletics Federation. ... The Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS) was established in May 1982 by a group of prominent marathon race directors concerned to: foster and promote Marathon running throughout the world; work with the International Amateur Athletic Federation (IAAF) on all matters relating to international Marathons; and exchange information... The Road Runners Club of America (RRCA) is a trade association of local running clubs and other running-related organization, which seeks to promote grass-roots running and fitness in the United States. ... The Ted Stevens Olympic and Amateur Sports Act establishes a United States Olympic Committee and provides for national governing bodies for each olympic sport. ...


Competitors from around the world participate in what is dubbed the "elite" races for cash prizes. Kenyans and Ethiopians are renowned for their skill and it is rare for a race's top finishers not to include competitors from these countries.


See also

Fell running, also known as mountain running and hill running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. ... The Minnesota State Highschool Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... The Backbone Trail, Santa Monica Mountains, Southern California. ... The international orienteering symbol. ...

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2] Course measurement

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Road Running - Road Runners Club of America - Running Beginners (248 words)
There are running programs for kids, events for families, and people are running well into their 70.s and beyond.
Running is a sport that everyone in the family can participate.
Running strengthens the heart and lungs and the major muscles of the body.
Running - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (835 words)
Running is by definition the fastest means for an animal to move on foot.
Running competitions have probably existed for most of humanity's history, and were a key part of the ancient Greek Olympics, as well as the modern Olympic games.
During running, the speed at which the runner moves can be calculated by multiplying the cadence (steps per second) by the stride length.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m