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Encyclopedia > Riyadh
Riyadh City
الرياض
Looking at the Kingdom Tower from Al Faisaliyah.
Looking at the Kingdom Tower from Al Faisaliyah.
Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Location in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Coordinates: 24°38′N 46°43′E / 24.633, 46.717
Province Ar Riyadh Province
Government
 - Mayor Abdul Aziz ibn 'Ayyaf Al Migrin
Area
 - Total 1,554 km² (600 sq mi)
 - Land 1,554 km² (600 sq mi)
 - Water 0 km² (0 sq mi)
Population
 - Total 4,700,000
HDI (2006) 0.843 – high
Website: City of Riyadh

Riyadh (Arabic: الرياض ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital and largest city of Saudi Arabia. It is also the capital of Ar Riyad Province and belongs to the historical region of Nejd. It is situated in the centre of the Arabian Peninsula on a large plateau and is home to over 4,260,000[1] people (around 20% of the nation's population). Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kingdom Center as seen from King Fahad Highway Kingdom Center in final stages Kingdom Center in downtown Riyadh Kingdom Centre, in Riyadh, is the tallest skycraper in Saudi Arabia. ... The Faysaliah Center The Al Faisaliyah Center (Arabic: ‎) was the first skyscraper constructed in Saudi Arabia, and the second tallest building in the country after the Kingdom Center. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 612 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1500 × 1470 pixel, file size: 638 KB, MIME type: image/png) Locator map of Riyadh, capital city of Saudi Arabia. ... Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces (mintaqat, singular - mintaqah). ... Ar Riyad IPA: (Arabic الرياض) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Abdul Aziz ibn Ayyaf Al-Miqrin has been the mayor of the city of Riyadh since 1998. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Ar Riyad is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ... Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ... Arabia redirects here. ...


The city lies in Saudi Arabia's 'central corridor' of development along with Buraidah to the north and Al Kharj to the south. The other areas of concentrated population are two coastal areas - around Jiddah and Mecca on the Red Sea, and around Jubail and Dhahran on the Persian Gulf. Riyadh is located at 24°42'42" North, 46°43'27" East (24.711667, 46.724167). [1] Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) is a city in the [[Qassim]] region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. ... Al Kharj (Arabic: الخرج) is a city in Ar Riyad Province, Saudi Arabia. ... Jeddah (also Jedda, Jiddah, or Juddah) is a city in in western Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Location of the Red Sea The Red Sea is an inlet of the Indian Ocean between Africa and Asia. ... Location of Jubail, Saudi Arabia. ... This article is about Dhahran, the city. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...


The city is divided into 15 branch municipalities under the control of the Riyadh Municipality and the Riyadh Development Authority, chaired by Governor of Riyadh Province, Prince Salman Bin Abdul Aziz. The mayor of the city is Abdul Aziz ibn Ayyaf Al Migrin. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ... Abdul Aziz ibn Ayyaf Al-Miqrin has been the mayor of the city of Riyadh since 1998. ...


Summer temperatures are very hot, frequently exceeding +45 °C (113 °F). Winters are mild with cool nights.


Although located in a highly arid area the city does receive some rainfall. Five dams store the runoff. There are also 96 wells and 290 miles (467 km) of pipe bringing huge volumes of water from desalination plants on the Persian Gulf. In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ...

Contents

Name

The name Riyadh is derived from plural of the Arabic word rawdha, meaning a place of gardens and trees. With many wadis (dry riverbeds that flood during rainy seasons) in the vicinity, Riyadh has for more than 1500 years been a fertile area set in the heartland of the Arabian Peninsula.[2] The settlement was historically famous for its dates and orchards. The modern name was first applied to only certain parts of the settlement where orchards predominated. Gradually the name was used for the entire settlement. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... For the chosen plaintext attack used by the British during World War II, see gardening (cryptanalysis). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tree (disambiguation). ... A wadi is a dry riverbed that only contains water during times of heavy rain. ... Binomial name L. The Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera) is a palm in the genus Phoenix, extensively cultivated for its edible fruit. ... A community apple orchard originally planted for productive use during the 1920s, in Westcliff on Sea (Essex, England) An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ...


History

In pre-Islamic times, the settlement at the site was called Hajr (Arabic: حجر), and was reportedly founded by the tribe Banu Hanifa. Hajr served as the capital of the province of al-Yamamah, whose governors were responsible for most of central and eastern Arabia during the Umayyad and Abbasid eras. Al-Yamama broke away from the Abbasid Empire in 866 and the area fell under the rule of the Ukhaydhirites, who moved the capital from Hajr to nearby al-Kharj. The city went into a long period of decline, breaking into several settlements and estates. The most notable of these were Migrin (or Muqrin) and Mi'kal. The earliest known reference to the area by the name ar-Riyadh comes from a 17th century chronicler reporting on an event from the year 1590.[3] Arabic redirects here. ... Banu Hanifa (Arabic: ) were an ancient Arab tribe inhabiting the area of Yamamah in the central region of modern-day Saudi Arabia. ... RSAF Tornado IDS Al Yamamah (The Dove) is the name of a series of massive arms sales by the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia, which have been paid for by the delivery of up to 600,000 barrels of oil per day to the UK government. ... The Arabian Peninsula The Arabian Peninsula is a mainly desert peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia and an important part of the greater Middle East. ... The Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque in Damascus, one of the grandest architectural legacies of the Umayyads. ... Mashriq Dynasties  Maghrib Dynasties  The Abbasid Caliphate Abbasid (Arabic: , ) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Arab Empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... Abbasid provinces during the caliphate of Harun al-Rashid Abbasid (Arabic: العبّاسيّون, AbbāsÄ«yÅ«n) is the dynastic name generally given to the caliph of Baghdad, the second of the two great Sunni dynasties of the Islamic empire, that overthrew the Umayyad caliphs from all but Spain. ... Events Fujiwara no Yoshifusa becomes regent of Japan, starting the Fujiwara regentship. ... Banu Ukhaidhir (Arabic: ) established a kingdom in Al-Yamamah (central Arabia) in 866 C.E.. They were descendents of Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and his grandson Al-Hassan, and at least one contemporary traveller [1] describes them as having been Shiites of the Zaydi persuasion. ... Al Kharj (Arabic: الخرج) is a city in Ar Riyad Province, Saudi Arabia. ...


In 1737, Deham ibn Dawwas, a refugee from neighboring Manfuha, took control of Riyadh. Ibn Dawwas built a single wall to encircle the various quarters of Riyadh, making them effectively a single town. Manfuha (Arabic: ) was an ancient village in the Nejd region of central Saudi Arabia. ...


In 1744, the Muslim religious scholar, Muhammad ibn Abdel Wahhab joined forces with Muhammad ibn Saud, the ruler of nearby al-Dir'iyyah. Ibn Saud then set out to conquer the surrounding region with the goal of bringing it under the rule of a single Islamic state. Ibn Dawwas of Riyadh led the most determined resistance, allied with forces from al-Kharj, al-Ahsa, and the Banu Yam tribe of Najran. However, after 27 years of battle, Ibn Dawwas finally fled and Riyadh capitulated to the Saudis in 1787. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab at-Tamimi (1703AD – 1792AD) (Arabic:محمد بن عبد الوهاب التميمى) was an Arab theologian born in Najd, in present-day Saudi Arabia and the most famous scholar of the Wahhabi movement. ... Muhammad bin Saud (d. ... Saad ibn Saud Palace Diriyah (Arabic: ; also known as Ad-Diriyah or Ad-Dariyah) is a town in Saudi Arabia located on the northwestern outskirts of the Saudi capital, Riyadh. ... Al Kharj (Arabic: الخرج) is a city in Ar Riyad Province, Saudi Arabia. ... Al-Ahsa, Al-Hasa, or Hasa, (Arabic: ‎ , locally ) is a governorate of Saudi Arabias Eastern Province about 60 km inland from the Persian Gulf. ... Banu Yam (Arabic: ) are a large tribe native to Najran Province in Saudi Arabia, and are the principle tribe of that area. ... Najran is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the south of the country along the border with Yemen. ... Year 1787 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The First Saudi State was destroyed by forces sent by Muhammad Ali of Egypt, acting on behalf of the Ottoman Empire. Egyptian forces razed the Saudi capital al-Dir'iyyah in 1818. When Turki ibn Abdallah, a member of the Al Saud clan, revived the Saudi state in 1823, he chose Riyadh as his capital. The First Saudi State was established in the year 1744 (1157 H.) when the Wahhabi leader Sheikh Mohammed ibn Abd al Wahhab settled in Diriyah and Prince Mohammed Ibn Saud agreed to support and espouse his cause, with a view to cleansing the Islamic faith from distortions. ... This article is about the leader of Egypt. ... Ottoman redirects here. ... Saad ibn Saud Palace Diriyah (Arabic: ; also known as Ad-Diriyah or Ad-Dariyah) is a town in Saudi Arabia located on the northwestern outskirts of the Saudi capital, Riyadh. ... Year 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Turki ibn Abdullah (ترکی بن عبدللہ) was the founder of the Second Saudi State and ruled the area of Najd during the period from 1821-1834 following occupation by the Ottoman Empire. ... The House of Saud ( translit: ) is the royal family of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ...


Internecine struggles between Turki's grandsons led to the fall of the Second Saudi State in 1891. The Saudi domain, including Riyadh, subsequently came under the rule of the Al Rashid dynasty, who ruled from the northern city of Ha'il. The second state existed before the creation of Saudi Arabia and lasted from 1824 to 1899. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Al-Rashid was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 1135 to 1136. ... Hail (Arabic: ‎) is an oasis city in Najd in northwestern Saudi Arabia and is the capital of the Hail Province. ...


The city was recaptured in 1902 by Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud from the rival Al-Rashid family. He went on to establish the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932, with Riyadh the capital of the nation. The diplomatic capital remained at Jeddah until 1982. Recently the city has experienced very high rates of population growth, which is indicated by the poor quality of development since the 1970s. In the 1960s, its population was 50,000. According to most recent sources, today it is home to over 4.5 million inhabitants. Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ibn Saud Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman ibn Faisal Al Saud (1880 - November 9, 1953), also known by several abbreviated forms of this name, or simply as Ibn Saud was first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... The Rashidi were a historic house of the Arabian Peninsula they were the most formidable enemies of the House of Saud. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...


Population

Riyadh Population Growth 1862-2020*
Year Population
1862 7,500
1935 30,000
1960 150,000
1970 370,000
1972 500,000
1974 650,000
1988 1,500,000
1990 2,000,000
1997 2,800,000
2007* 5,000,000
2020* 8,900,000

*Estimate Image File history File links Riyadh_pop_graph. ... Image File history File links Riyadh_pop_graph. ... This article is about 1862 . ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... 2020 (MMXX) will be a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Between 1974 and 1992 the city grew by an average of 8.2% per year.


City districts

Recreation Park in Riyadh
Recreation Park in Riyadh

Once a small walled city, Riyadh has developed into a dynamic metropolis over the years. The first major thrust came during the oil boom of the 1950s, when older structures were demolished to make way for commercial development. Today it is one of the fastest growing cities in the world. Also it is the richest city in Saudi Arabia with a GDP Per Capita of $US 47,700 (SR 178,400) Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2136x2848, 1310 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ballpoint pen Riyadh Al Faisaliyah Center Buro Happold Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2136x2848, 1310 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Ballpoint pen Riyadh Al Faisaliyah Center Buro Happold Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... The Faysaliah Center The Al Faisaliyah Center (Arabic: ‎) was the first skyscraper constructed in Saudi Arabia, and the second tallest building in the country after the Kingdom Center. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Montazah_alsalam. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Montazah_alsalam. ... For other uses, see Metropolis (disambiguation). ...


The city has grown both culturally and commercially over the years. Along with the urban areas of Dhahran, Dammam, and Al-Khobar, Riyadh has become a focal point for both travel and trade. Architecture Many exceptional pieces of modern architecture were created in recent times by eminent architects like Minoru Yamasaki and others. ... This article is about Dhahran, the city. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... Khobar Corniche Khobar (also written al-Khobar or al-Khubar ; Arabic: الخبر) is a large city located in the Eastern Province of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on the Arabian/Persian Gulf. ...


In addition to being the center of power, the city is also a commercial hub. Numerous educational, financial, agricultural, cultural, technical, and social organizations have set up base here. The architecture is mostly modern, including contemporary high-rise towers, but the Al-Dira district, the nucleus of the city, has been rebuilt in a style meant to evoke the old mud-brick buildings of pre-20th century Nejd. Najd (Nejd) is a region in central Saudi Arabia and the location of the nations capital, Riyadh. ...


Riyadh is divided into 15 municipalities, in addition to the Diplomatic Quarter, while on its nortwestern outskirts lay the ruins of the former Saudi capital of Diriyah. Each municipal district contributes in its own way to the character of the city. A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... Diriyah (also Ad-Diriyah or Ad-Dariyah) is a town in Saudi Arabia located outside of Riyadh in Ar Riyad Province. ...


The bustling Olaya District is the commercial heart of the city. This commercial and residential district offers accommodation, entertainment, dining and shopping options. The Kingdom Center, Al Faisalyah and Al-Tahlya Street are the area's most prominent landmarks. The Kingdom Tower Olaya District (in Arabic: العليا) is a growing financial district in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, located in the north side of the city, Theres a lot of important sites in it, and it hosts a lot of famous landmarks like the Kingdom Centre, and the Four Seasons luxurious... Kingdom Center as seen from King Fahad Highway Kingdom Center in final stages Kingdom Center in downtown Riyadh Kingdom Centre, in Riyadh, is the tallest skycraper in Saudi Arabia. ... The Faysaliah Center The Al Faisaliyah Center (Arabic: ‎) was the first skyscraper constructed in Saudi Arabia, and the second tallest building in the country after the Kingdom Center. ...


The Diplomatic Quarter or DQ as it is popularly known, is home to foreign embassies, international organizations as well as residential structures and malls. With lush gardens and numerous sports facilities, it is also one of the city's greenest areas. It is especially known for its fine architecture, and is considered a model for other Islamic cities around the world. Despite its name, the Diplomatic Quarter offers no special privileges. All Saudi laws must be obeyed and there are occasional patrols by the Mutaween, or Saudi religious police. The Mutaween (مطوعين in Arabic) (variant English spellings: mutawwain, muttawa, mutawallees, mutawa’ah, mutawi’) are the government -authorized or -recognized religious police (or clerical police or public order police) within Islamist theocracies which adhere to varied interpretations of Sharia Law, and in which the governments are either directly controlled by, or...


The centre of the city, Al-Bathaa and Al-Dirah, is also its oldest part. At its heart lies the 19th-century Masmak fort, which is one of the city's major attractions; to the west lies the Riyadh Museum of History and Archeology and the Murabba' Palace, an old residence of first Saudi king, Ibn Saud, now a museum. The Qasr Al-Hukm, or Palace of Justice, is nearby. It is here that the Governor of Riyadh Province meets citizens, listens to their grievances and problems, and stays abreast to all aspects of the region's life. The Al-Dira area also contains commercial markets and traditional buildings, such as the Al-Mu'eiqilia market and the city's Grand Mosque. Al-Bathaa is the oldest and downtown area of the Saudi Arabia capital of Riyadh. ... The Masmak Castle (Qasr al-Masmak قصر المصمك, Arabic for Old building) is a clay and mud brick fort, Masmak Castle with four watch towers and thick walls, founded on stone blocks, lying in the center of Riyadh, in the old quarters. ... `Abd al-`Azīz as-Sa`ūd ( 1880 - November 9, 1953) (Arabic:عبدالعزيز آل سعود) was the first monarch of Saudi Arabia. ... Ar Riyad IPA: (Arabic الرياض) is a province of Saudi Arabia, located in the centre of the country. ...


Quality of Living

Riyadh has the highest Quality of Living in Saudi Arabia . Also it has the best Health and Sanitation in Saudi Arabia and Jeddah is second. See also List of cities by quality of living and List of cities by Health and Sanitation. , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... This is a list of the worlds cities by quality of living, according to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting 2007 cities by quality of living survey. ... This is a list of cities by Health and Sanitation, almost half of the 30 top-scoring cities surveyed are in Western Europe. ...


Noted structures

  • The Riyadh TV Tower is a 170 metre (558 ft) high television tower with an observation deck at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The Riyadh TV Tower was built between 1978 and 1981
  • The Al Faisaliyah Center was the first skyscraper constructed in Saudi Arabia, and the second tallest building in the country after the Kingdom Center. The golden ball that lies atop the tower is said to be inspired by a ballpoint pen. Inside the ball is a restaurant; at ground level, a shopping center with major world brands
  • Kingdom Centre: Current tallest building in Saudi Arabia
  • King Khalid International Airport
  • King Fahd Stadium

Major areas include Olaya, in downtown, Dabab, near the Old Airport (King Fahd Airbase) and Batha, the old downtown part of the city. The Riyadh TV Tower is a 170 metre high television tower with an observation deck at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. ... The Faysaliah Center The Al Faisaliyah Center (Arabic: ‎) was the first skyscraper constructed in Saudi Arabia, and the second tallest building in the country after the Kingdom Center. ... Kingdom Centre (Arabic: ) in Riyadh is the tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia. ... King Khalid International Airport (IATA: RUH, ICAO: OERK) (Arabic: مطار الملك خالد الدولي) is located 35 kilometers north of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, designed by the architectural firm of Hellmuth, Obata, and Kassabaum. ... King Fahd II Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia and is one of the largest stadiums anywhere in the world. ... Riyadh Air Base (IATA: XXN, ICAO: OERY) is an airport near Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. ...


Future Projects

Jewel of Saudia (Future)
  • King Abdullah International Gardens- From Worldarab.net
  • King Abdullah Financial Center
  • Crystals of Riyadh
  • Jewel of Saudia
  • Al Rajhi Tower
  • Riyadh Monorail

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Al Rajhi Tower in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is a new $480 million USD tower announced May 13, 2006. ... The KL Monorail in Kuala Lumpur, a colorful straddle-beam monorail A monorail is a single rail serving as a track for a wheeled vehicle; also, a vehicle traveling on such a track. ...

Education

Riyadh is home to two national universities and several specialized colleges and private universities and colleges.


National Public Universities:

Private Universities and Colleges: King Saud University (جامعة الملك سعود) Is a well known university within the persian gulf countries. ... Imam Muhammad bin Saud Islamic University was originally founded in 1953, though it was not granted university status by royal decree until 1974. ...

Specialized Colleges: Prince Sultan University (also known as Jamiah Al-Amir Sultan in arabic), located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is a private university funded by Prince Sultan, the Second Deputy Prime Minister of the country. ... Arab Open University (AOU, in Arabic الجامعة العربية المفتوحة) was founded in 2002 in Kuwait, Jordan, and Lebanon. ...

  • King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences
  • Riyadh College of Dentistry and Pharmacy

Military Colleges:

  • King Faisal College of Aviation - responsible for training the officer corps of the Royal Saudi Air Force.
  • King Khalid Military College - responsible for training the officer corps of the Saudi National Guard.

Riyadh also houses the main campus of the Goverenment's Institute of Public Administration and the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency's Institue of Banaking The Royal Saudi Air Force (Arabic: , ), is the air force branch of Saudi Arabian armed forces. ... The Saudi Arabian National Guard or SANG (aka White Army) is one of five branches or services of the Saudi Arabian Defence Forces/military. ... Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (SAMA), the central bank of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, was established in 1952. ...


Transportation

Airports

Riyadh's King Khaled International Airport (IATA:RUH) located 35 kilometers north is the city's main airport. It's one of the three main airports in the country serving over 9 million passengers a year. King Khalid International Airport located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia is the largest airport in the world by ground area (225 km²). Its IATA airport code is RUH and its ICAO airport code is OERK. The airport opened in 1985. ... The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Highways

The city is served by a modern major highway system. The main Eastern Ring Road connects the the city's south and north while Northern Ring Road connects the city's east and west. King Fahd Road parallels the East Ring Road and connects the out most northern and out most southern parts of the city with Riyadh's business districts. Makkah Road (also known as Khurais Road) connects eastern parts of the city with the city's main business district and the diplomatic quarters


Railway

Saudi Railway Authority operates two separate passenger and cargo lines between Riyadh and Dammam passing through Hofuf, and Haradh. Two future railway projects connecting Riyadh with Jeddah and Mecca in the western region and connecting Riyadh with Buraidah, Ha'il and Northern Saudi Arabia are underway. The Saudi Railway Authority was established by the government of Saudi Arabia to manage the countrys railway system. ... Dammam Corniche Dammam (Also Damman or Ad Dammām) is the capital of the Ash Sharqiyah province in Saudi Arabia. ... Hofuf (Arabic: الهفوف) is a common name for the major city also called Al-Hasa or Hassa in the Al-Hasa oasis in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. ... Haradh is a small village located about 280 km southwest of Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - City 1,320 km²  (509. ... This article is about the city in Saudi Arabia. ... Buraidah (Arabic: بريدة) is a city in the [[Qassim]] region of Saudi Arabia in the heart of the Arabian peninsula. ... Hail (Arabic: ‎) is an oasis city in Najd in northwestern Saudi Arabia and is the capital of the Hail Province. ...


Public Transport

The Saudi Arabian Public Transport Co. (SAPTCO), the national bus system, runs a fleet of buses that provides public transportation inside the city, and also an extending service transporting passengers to several cities across the kingdom and neighboring countries.


Tourism

  • Masmak Castle, a fort in Riyadh famous for King Abdulaziz Al Saud's daring raid on the fort in 1902.
  • King Fahd Cultural Center, located outside of town, the cultural center has a planetarium, museum, library, and three theaters.
  • King Abdul Aziz Historical Center is a complex of parks and museums, including an old residence of King Abdul Aziz, located in the center of the city.

Masmak Palace near Riyadh The Masmak Castle (Qasr al-Masmak قصر المصمك) is a mud-brick fort located near Riyadh. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Gallery

Notes

  1. ^ The Saudi Arabian Information Resource
  2. ^ Al-Juhany, U.M., Najd before the Salafi Reform Movement, Ithaca Press, 2002, ISBN 0863724019.
  3. ^ Al-Juhany, p. 120-1

Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +3 hours | No daylight saving time in 2007 [2]


References

  • The Saudi Information Resource - Riyadh Population Reaches 4.26 Million

External links

  • Riyadh City, official site with News, history and photos
  • Saudi Arabian Information Resource, official site with history and photos
  • Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • Riyadh Principality
  • Maps and aerial photos for 24°38′47″N 46°44′31″E / 24.6464, 46.742Coordinates: 24°38′47″N 46°44′31″E / 24.6464, 46.742
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    • Satellite images and maps from Google Maps and Live Search
    • Other mapping from GlobalGuide and WikiMapia
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Saudi Arabian Cities
List of main Saudi Arabian cities
Afif | Arar | Abha | Abqaiq | Al-Bahah | Buraidah | Dammam | Dhahran | Diriyah | Duba | Ha'il | Hofuf | Al Jawf | Jeddah | Jizan | Jubail | Khamis Mushait | Al-Kharj | Khobar | Al Majma'ah | Mecca (Makkah) | Medina | Najran | Bisha | Qatif | Ras Tanura | Khafji | Riyadh (National Capital) | Ta’if | Tabuk | Unaizah | Yanbu' al Bahr | Hafar Al-Batin

  Results from FactBites:
 
Riyadh - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1139 words)
Riyadh (Arabic: الرياض ar-Riyāḍ) is the capital of the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, located in Ar Riyad Province in the Najd region.
By the end of the 18th century, Riyadh was part of the First Saudi State, with the capital at Diriyah.
The Riyadh TV Tower is a 170 metre high television tower with an observation deck at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Riyadh compound bombings - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (641 words)
The Riyadh compound bombings took place on May 12, 2003, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
These suicide attacks, attributed to al-Qaeda, were the first of several "spectacular attacks" carried out by that group in 2003, and the deadliest attack on Americans that year.
Late on May 12, while much of Riyadh was asleep, four vehicles drove through Riyadh; two cars, a pickup, and an SUV.
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