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Encyclopedia > Riversleigh
Australian Fossil Mammal Sites (Riversleigh/Naracoorte)1
UNESCO World Heritage Site
State Party Flag of Australia Australia
Type Natural
Criteria viii, ix
Identification no. 698
Region2 Asia-Pacific
Inscription History
Formal Inscription: 1994
18th WH Committee Session
WH link: http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/698

1 Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
2 As classified officially by UNESCO
Naracoorte Caves is a national park in South Australia (Australia). ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Riversleigh, in North West Queensland, is a 100 kmĀ² area containing fossil remains of ancient mammals of the Oligocene and Miocene. It was inscribed as a World Heritage site in 1994 and is an extension of the Lawn Hill National Park. Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Peter Beattie (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd)  - Product per capita  $40,170/person (6th) Population (June Quarter Released Statistics 2006)  - Population  4,053,444 (3rd)  - Density  2. ... Three small ammonite fossils, each approximately 1. ... Subclasses Allotheria* Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Prototheria Order Monotremata Theria Infraclass Marsupialia Infraclass Eutheria The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of young, from mammary glands present on most species... The Oligocene epoch is a geologic period of time that extends from about 34 million to 23 million years before the present. ... The Miocene epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23 to 5. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... Boodjamulla National Park formerly referrd to as Lawn Hill National Park is in Queensland, (Australia), 1837 km northwest of Brisbane. ...


Riversleigh is one of Australia's most renowned fossil sites.


Fossils at Riversleigh are encased in limestone formed in lime-rich freshwater pools and caves as the ecosystem evolved from a rich rainforest community to semi-arid grasslands. Thirty-five fossil bat species have been identified at the site, which is the richest in the world. The skull and nearly complete dentition of a fifteen million-year-old monotreme, Obdurodon dicksoni , provide a window into the evolution of this characteristically Australian group. Rare fossils of the marsupial thylacines, ancestors of the recently-extinct Thylacinus cynocephalus, the "Tasmanian Tiger", have been identified from Riversleigh's Oligo-Miocene fauna. This article is about mammals. ... Families †Kollikodontidae Ornithorhynchidae - Platypus Tachyglossidae - Echidnas †Steropodontidae Monotremes (monos, single + trema, hole; refers to the cloaca) are mammals that lay eggs instead of giving birth to live young like marsupials (Metatheria) and placental mammals (Eutheria). ... Species Obdurodon dicksoni Obdurodon insignis Monotrematum sudamericanum Obdurodon is an extinct genus of platypus containing three species. ... Binomial name Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808) The Thylacine (Thylacinus cynocephalus) is the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. ... Binomial name Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808) The Tasmanian Tigers is the name of the Tasmanian state cricket team. ...


Creatures of Riversleigh

Mammals
Birds
Reptiles

Subclasses Allotheria* Order Multituberculata (extinct) Order Volaticotheria (extinct) Order Palaeoryctoides (extinct) Order Triconodonta (extinct) Prototheria Order Monotremata Theria Infraclass Marsupialia Infraclass Eutheria The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals characterized by the production of milk in females for the nourishment of young, from mammary glands present on most species... Thingodonta is the colloquial name given to a bizarre order of extinct Australian marsupials, first described in 1989 and known only from the Oligo-Miocene deposits of Riversleigh, northeastern Australia. ... Orders Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Marsupials are mammals in which the female typically has a pouch (called the marsupium, from which the name Marsupial derives) in which it rears its young through early infancy. ... Ekaltadeta is the name of a group of giant marsupials related to modern rat-kangaroos. ... Genera and Species Vombatus Vombatus ursinus Lasiorhinus Lasiorhinus latifrons Lasiorhinus krefftii †Rhizophascolomus †Phascolonus †Warendja †Ramasayia Wombats are Australian marsupials; they are short-legged, muscular quadrupeds, approximately one metre (3 feet) in length and with a very short tail. ... Species Macropus rufus Macropus giganteus Macropus fuliginosus Macropus antilopinus A kangaroo is any of several large animals of the Macropodidae, a marsupial family that also includes the wallabies, tree-kangaroos, wallaroos, pademelons and the Quokka, some 63 living species in all. ... Species † † †W. vanderleuri Wakaleo was a genus of medium-sized thylacoleonids that lived in Australia in the early to late Miocene. ... Binomial name Thylacoleo carnifex (Owen, 1858) The Marsupial Lion (Thylacoleo carnifex) is an extinct species of carnivorous marsupial, (the largest Austrailan mammalian predator at that time) that lived in Australia from about 24 million years ago, during the late Oligocene, and became extinct about 50,000 years ago, during the... Binomial name Priscileo pitikantensis Priscileo roskellyae Priscileo genus was the most primitive species of Thylacoleonidae and was found in South Australia and Queensland. ... Binomial name Burramys parvus Broom, 1896 The Mountain Pygmy Possum (Burramys parvus) is a small, mouse-sized (weighs 45 g) nocturnal marsupial of Australia found in dense alpine rock screes and boulder fields, mainly southern Victoria and Tasmania but also around Mount Kosciusko in New South Wales. ... Binomial name Thylacinus cynocephalus (Harris, 1808) The Tasmanian Tigers is the name of the Tasmanian state cricket team. ... Species Obdurodon dicksoni Obdurodon insignis Monotrematum sudamericanum Obdurodon is an extinct genus of platypus containing three species. ... Binomial name Ornithorhynchus anatinus (Shaw, 1799) Platypus range (indicated by darker shading)[3] The Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) is a semi-aquatic mammal endemic to eastern Australia and Tasmania. ... Suborders Megachiroptera Microchiroptera See text for families. ... Binomial name Phascolarctos cinereus (Goldfuss, 1817) The Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is a thickset arboreal marsupial herbivore native to Australia, and the only extant representative of the family Phascolarctidae. ... Species Yarala burchfieldi Yarala kida Yarala is a genus of fossil mammals that resemble contemporary bandicoots. ... Families and Genera Chaeropodidae Chaeropus Peramelidae Isoodon Perameles Peroryctes Echymipera Microperoryctes Rhynchomeles A bandicoot is any of about 20 species of small to medium-sized, terrestrial marsupial omnivores in the order Peramelemorphia. ... Superfamilies and Families Phalangeroidea Burramyidae Phalangeridae Petauroidea Pseudocheiridae Petauridae Tarsipedidae Acrobatidae A possum is any of about 63 small to medium-sized arboreal marsupial species native to Australia, New Guinea and Sulawesi. ... Aves redirects here. ... Binomial name Pengana robertbolesi Boles, 1993a The Flexiraptor (Pengana robertbolesi) was an extinct species of bird of prey - the only one of its genus known to date - probably related to harriers. ... Orders Accipitriformes     Cathartidae     Pandionidae     Accipitridae     Sagittariidae Falconiformes     Falconidae A bird of prey or raptor is a bird that hunts its food, especially one that preys on mammals or other birds. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... Species Menura novaehollandiae Menura alberti A Lyrebird is either of two species of ground-dwelling Australian birds, most notable for their extraordinary ability to mimic natural and artificial sounds from their environment. ... Species Orthonyx temminckii Orthonyx spaldingii Orthonyx novaeguineae Orthonyx is the scientific name given in 1820, by C. J. Temminck, to a little bird, which, from the straightness of its claws character somewhat exaggerated by himits large feet and spiny tail, he judged to be generically distinct from any other form. ... Subclasses Anapsida Diapsida Synonyms Reptilia Laurenti, 1768 Reptiles are tetrapods and amniotes, animals whose embryos are surrounded by an amniotic membrane, and members of the class Sauropsida. ... Species Trilophosuchus (three ridged crocodile) was a member of the extinct crocodilian subfamily Mekosuchinae. ... Genera Mecistops Crocodylus Osteolaemus See full taxonomy. ... Barú is a district in the Chiriquí province in Panama. ... Species See text Morelia is a genus of snakes in the family Pythonidae. ... In the Australian Aboriginal mythology of Arnhem Land, Julunggul is a rainbow snake goddess, who oversaw the maturing and initiation of boys into manhood. ... Wonambi naracoortensis, part of the extinct megafauna of Australia, was a five to six metre long python, related distantly to the more commonly known carpet snake of Australia. ... An extinct group of mostly Gondwanan snakes with fossil history extending from early Cenomanian (early upper Cretaceous) to late Pleistocene. ...

External links

  • UNESCO site with information on Riversleigh, Australia
  • Australian site about Riversleigh
  • World Heritage: Australian Fossil Mammal Sites
  • Information about fossils from Riversleigh, Australian Museum
  • The Riversleigh Society supports scientific research at Riversleigh

Reference

  • Archer, M. et al 1991. Riversleigh: the Story of Australia's Inland Rainforests, (Sydney: Reed Books).



  Results from FactBites:
 
Riversleigh Guest House Historic Bed and Breakfast Accommodation in Ballina (119 words)
Riversleigh Guest House Historic Bed and Breakfast Accommodation in Ballina
This privately run, historic guest house is a comfortable and friendly base from which to explore the many and varied attractions of beautiful Ballina and the North Coast.
Riversleigh Guest House was built in the 1880's and restored to its former splendour in 2001.
Riversleigh Fossil site - Queensland, Australia (456 words)
Riversleigh covers an area of approximately 80 square kilometres and is located 250 km north-west of Mt Isa.
Riversleigh is one of the world's richest Oligo-Miocene mammal records, linking that period (15-25 million years ago) to the predominantly modern assemblages of the Pliocene and Pleistocene epochs.
The variety of deposits at Riversleigh has led to an understanding of how the environment has changed over time from a rich rainforest community to semi-arid grassland, and how the animals that lived in it have changed too.
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