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Encyclopedia > River Thames
Thames
River
The Thames in London
Country Flag of England England
Counties Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire
Cities Oxford, Reading, Slough, London, Southend
Source
 - location Kemble
 - elevation 110 m (361 ft)
Mouth Thames Estuary, North Sea
 - location Southend-on-Sea, Essex, UK
 - elevation m (0 ft)
Length 346 km (215 mi)
Basin 12,935 km² (4,994 sq mi)
Discharge for London
 - average 65.8 /s (2,324 cu ft/s)
Discharge elsewhere (average)
 - entering Oxford 17.6 /s (622 cu ft/s)
 - leaving Oxford 24.8 /s (876 cu ft/s)
 - Reading 39.7 /s (1,402 cu ft/s)
 - Windsor 59.3 /s (2,094 cu ft/s)

The Thames (pronounced /tɛmz/) is a major river flowing through southern England. While best known because its lower reaches flow through central London, the river flows through several other towns and cities, including Oxford, Reading and Windsor. Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands // Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... Image File history File links Flag_of_England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... Kemble is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... This article is about the English town. ... The cubic meter (symbol m³) is the SI derived unit of volume. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... It has been suggested that Thousand Cubic Feet be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the unit of time. ... Map of the River Thames (England) Created by ChrisO, February 15, 2004 File links The following pages link to this file: River Thames Categories: GFDL images ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... This article is about the English town. ...


The river gives its name to the Thames Valley, a region of England centred around the river between Oxford and West London, and the Thames Gateway, the area centred around the tidal Thames and the Thames Estuary to the east of London. The Thames Valley is generally the region that drains into the River Thames, England, but is used in a more specific term by the government. ... Satellite image of the inner part of West London Ayad Dibis is the best in West London. ... The Thames Gateway is an area of land stretching 40 miles eastwards from East London on both sides of the River Thames and the Thames Estuary. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ...

Contents

Summary

The River Thames is the longest river entirely in England, rising officially at Thames Head in Gloucestershire, and flowing into the North Sea at the Thames Estuary. It has a special significance in flowing through London, the capital of the United Kingdom, although London only touches a short part of its course. The river is tidal in London with a rise and fall of 7 metres (23 ft) and becomes non-tidal at Teddington Lock. The catchment area covers a large part of South Eastern and Western England and the river is fed by over 20 tributaries. The river contains over 80 islands, and having both seawater and freshwater stretches supports a variety of wildlife. Thames Head, near Cirencester, England, is traditionally identified as the source of the River Thames. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Teddington Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in the town of Teddington in the western suburbs of London, England. ...


The river has supported human activity from its source to its mouth for thousands of years providing habitation, water power, food and drink. It has also acted as a major highway both for international trade through the Port of London, and internally along its length and connecting to the British canal system. The river’s strategic position has seen it at the centre of many events and fashions in British history, earning it a description as “Liquid History”. It has been a physical and political boundary over the centuries and generated a range of river crossings. In more recent time the river has become a major leisure area supporting tourism and pleasure outings as well as the sports of rowing, sailing, skiffing, kayaking, and punting. The river has had a special appeal to writers, artists, musicians and film-makers and is well represented in the arts. It is still the subject of various debates about its course, nomenclature and history. The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ...


Physical and natural aspects

Course of the river

The monument at the official source of the Thames.
River Thames Flood Barrier
River Thames Flood Barrier
The Thames passes by some of the sights of London, including the Houses of Parliament and the London Eye
The Thames passes by some of the sights of London, including the Houses of Parliament and the London Eye

The Thames has a length of 215 miles (346 km). Its usually quoted source is at Thames Head (at grid reference ST980994), about a mile north of the village of Kemble and near the town of Cirencester, in the Cotswolds. However, Seven Springs near Cheltenham, where the river Churn rises, is also sometimes quoted as the Thames' source, as this location is furthest from the mouth both in distance along its course and as the crow flies. The springs at Seven Springs also flow throughout the year, while those at Thames Head are only seasonal. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 620 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Thames Barrier ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 620 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Thames Barrier ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1800x802, 237 KB) Photographer: Peter Morgan from Beijing, China Title: Thames River London Taken on: 2004-12-21 21:25:02 Original source: Flickr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1800x802, 237 KB) Photographer: Peter Morgan from Beijing, China Title: Thames River London Taken on: 2004-12-21 21:25:02 Original source: Flickr. ... This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... The London Eye, also known as the Millennium Wheel, is an observation wheel in London, England. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... The source of a river, usually a lake or a spring, is the farthest point of a river from its estuary or confluence with another river. ... Thames Head, near Cirencester, England, is traditionally identified as the source of the River Thames. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... Kemble is a village in Gloucestershire, England. ... , Cirencester  is a market town in Gloucestershire, England, 93 miles (150 km) west northwest of London. ... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... For the parliamentary constituency, see Cheltenham (UK Parliament constituency). ... The River Churn rises at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. ... Look up as the crow flies in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A natural spring on Mackinac Island in Michigan. ...


The Thames flows through or alongside Ashton Keynes, Cricklade, Lechlade, Oxford, Abingdon, Wallingford, Goring-on-Thames, Reading, Henley-on-Thames, Marlow, Maidenhead, Windsor, Eton, Staines and Weybridge, before entering the Greater London area. The present course is the result of several minor redirections of the main channel around Oxford, Abingdon and Maidenhead and more recently the creation of specific cuts to ease navigation. Ashton Keynes is a village and civil parish in the North Wiltshire district of Wiltshire, England, near the border with Gloucestershire, and about 6 miles south of Cirencester. ... , Cricklade is a small town in north Wiltshire in England, on the River Thames, situated midway between Swindon and Cirencester. ... Location within the British Isles Lechlade is a town in Gloucestershire, England, and is the highest navigable point on the River Thames. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Abingdon (traditionally known as Abingdon-on-Thames) is a market town in Oxfordshire in Southern England. ... Map sources for Wallingford at grid reference SU6089 Wallingford is a small town in Oxfordshire in southern England. ... , Goring-on-Thames is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in the English county of Oxfordshire. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... Overlooking river Thames and Marlow Marlow (previously Great Marlow or Chipping Marlow) is a town on the very southern tip of Buckinghamshire, England. ... Statistics Population: 58,848 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU889811 Administration District: Windsor and Maidenhead Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: MAIDENHEAD... This article is about the English town. ... Eton is a town in Berkshire, England, lying on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor and connected to it by Windsor Bridge. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... , Weybridge is a town in the Elmbridge district of Surrey in South East England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ...


From the outskirts of Greater London, the river passes Hampton Court, Kingston, Teddington, Twickenham, Richmond (with a famous view of the Thames from Richmond Hill), Syon House and Kew before flowing through central London. In central London, the river forms one of the principal axes of the city, from the Palace of Westminster to the Tower of London and was the southern boundary of the mediaeval city, with Southwark on the opposite bank. The clock tower straddles the entrance between the inner and outer courts Hampton Court Palace is a former royal place on the north bank of the River Thames in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames about 12 miles (19 km) southwest and upstream of Central London, nowadays open to... Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... , Teddington is an area of London, England on the north bank of the River Thames, between Hampton Wick and Twickenham. ... Twickenham is a suburb in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, south west London. ... Richmond is a suburb in southwest London, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Syon House before the alterations of the 1760s Robert Adams plan for the reconstruction of Syon House. ... Kew is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in South West London. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... “Houses of Parliament” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Tower of London (disambiguation) Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, on the north bank of the River Thames. ... For other places with the same name, see Southwark (disambiguation). ...


Once past central London, the river passes between Greenwich and the Isle of Dogs, before flowing through the Thames Barrier, which protects central London from flooding in the event of storm surges. Below the barrier, the river passes Dartford, Tilbury and Gravesend before entering the Thames Estuary near Southend-on-Sea. This article is about Greenwich in England. ... The Isle of Dogs in 1899, at the height of its commercial success The Isle of Dogs is in the centre of this 2005 aerial view of east London as seen from the skies over south London. ... The Thames Barrier is a flood control structure on the River Thames, constructed between 1974 and 1984 at Woolwich Reach, London. ... Impact of a storm surge A storm surge is an offshore rise of water associated with a low pressure weather system, typically a tropical cyclone. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Gravesend is a town in northwest Kent, England, on the south bank of the Thames, opposite Tilbury in Essex. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ...


Catchment area and discharge

The river drains a catchment area of 4,994 square miles (12,934 km²) or 5,924 square miles (15,343 km²) if the River Medway is included as a tributary.[1] Rivers in Kent, showing the Medway. ...


The non-tidal section

Main article: Locks and weirs on the River Thames
The Jubilee River at Slough Weir
The Jubilee River at Slough Weir

Brooks, canals and rivers, within an area of 3,841 square miles (9,948 km²), combine to form 38 main tributaries feeding the Thames between its source and Teddington Lock, the tidal limit. Before Teddington Lock was built in 1810-12, the river was tidal as far as Staines. The tributaries include the rivers Churn, Leach, Cole, Coln, Windrush, Evenlode, Cherwell, Ock, Thame, Pang, Kennet, Loddon, Colne, Wey and Mole. In addition there are many backwaters and distributaries and some man-made channels such as the Longford River. Teddington Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in the town of Teddington in the western suburbs of London, England. ... The River Churn rises at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. ... The River Leach is a river tributary to the River Thames, running mostly in the county of Oxfordshire. ... The River Cole is a tributary of the River Thames which flows through Wiltshire and Oxfordshire, where it forms the border. ... The River Coln is a river in Gloucestershire, England. ... The Windrush at Bourton-on the-Water A pedestrian bridge across the River Windrush at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire The River Windrush is a river in the English Cotswolds, forming part of the River Thames catchment. ... The Evenlode is a small river joining the Thames 5 km north-west of Oxford. ... The River Cherwell is a river which flows through the midlands of England. ... The River Ock is a small English river or brook. ... Rivers Thame (cyan) and Thames (blue) in south-east England The River Thame (pronounced as tame) is a river in southern England. ... The River Pang in Pangbourne The River Pang is a small clear chalk river in the west of the English county of Berkshire, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The River Loddon is a tributary of the River Thames. ... The Colne is a river in England. ... The River Wey in Surrey is one of the Waterways in the United Kingdom and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The River Mole is a river in southern England, which rises in West Sussex near Gatwick Airport and flows north west through Surrey for 80 km (50 miles) to the River Thames at Hampton Court Palace. ... The Longford River is an artificial waterway that diverts water 19km from the River Colne at Longford to Bushy Park and Hampton Court Palace where it reaches the Thames. ...


More recently, an artificial secondary channel to the Thames, known as the Jubilee River, was built between Maidenhead and Windsor for flood relief, being completed in 2002. The Jubilee River is a new channel which was built during the 1990s to divert flood waters from the River Thames around Maidenhead, Windsor and Eton. ...


More than half the rain that falls on this catchment is lost to evaporation and plant growth. The remainder provides the water resource that has to be shared between river flows, to support the natural environment, navigation and the community needs for water supplies to homes, industry and agriculture.


The non-tidal section of the river is managed by the Environment Agency which has the twin responsibilities of managing the flow of water to control flooding, and providing for navigation. The volume and speed of water down the river is managed by adjusting the gates at each of the weirs and at high water levels are usually dissipated over flood planes adjacent to the river. Occasionally flooding is unavoidable, and the Agency issues Flood Warnings. During heavy rainfall the Thames occasionally receives raw sewage discharge due to sanitary sewer overflow. (see also the List of environmental organizations) The Environment Agency (Welsh: Asiantaeth yr Amgylchedd) of England and Wales was created by the Environment Act 1995, along with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. ... Decentralized wet weather overflow event Sanitary sewer overflow (SSO} is a condition whereby untreated sewage is discharged into the environment, escaping wastewater treatment. ...


The tidal section

Main article: Tideway
London Stone at Staines, built in 1285 marked the tidal limit of the Thames and the City of London's jurisdiction
London Stone at Staines, built in 1285 marked the tidal limit of the Thames and the City of London's jurisdiction
The lower course of the Thames in 1840
The lower course of the Thames in 1840

Below Teddington Lock (about 55 miles/89 kilometres upstream of the Thames Estuary) the river is subject to tidal activity from the North Sea. Before the lock was installed the river was tidal as far as Staines. London, capital of Roman Britain was established on two hills, now known as Cornhill and Ludgate Hill. These provided a firm base for a trading centre at the lowest possible point on the Thames.[2] A river crossing was built at the site of London Bridge. London Bridge is now used as the basis for published tide tables giving the times of high tide. High tide reaches Putney about 30 minutes later than London Bridge, and Teddington about an hour later. The tidal stretch of the river is known as "the Tideway". Downstream from Teddington Lock, the Thames is subject to tides and is known as the Tideway. This stretch of the Thames is just under 160 km long. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ... Download high resolution version (906x454, 165 KB)A map of the lower Thames in 1840. ... Download high resolution version (906x454, 165 KB)A map of the lower Thames in 1840. ... This article is about tides in the Earths oceans. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... , Cornhill is one of the principal streets of the City of London, the historic nucleus of modern London. ... Ludgate Hill is a hill in the City of London, near the old Ludgate, a gate to the City that was taken down, with its attached jail, in 1780. ... This article is about tides in the Earths oceans. ... Downstream from Teddington Lock, the Thames is subject to tides and is known as the Tideway. This stretch of the Thames is just under 160 km long. ...


The principal tributaries on the Tideway include the rivers Brent, Wandle, Effra, Westbourne, Fleet, Ravensbourne (the final part of which is called Deptford Creek), Lea, Roding, Darent and Ingrebourne. At London, the water is slightly brackish with sea salt, being a mix of sea and fresh water. Look up tributary in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Brent is a river in south-east England. ... The route of the River Wandle (Red) and some of its tributaries (Green) into the River Thames (Blue) The River Wandle is a river in southeast England. ... The outlet for the Effra river empties into the Thames by Vauxhall Bridge, from which this shot was taken. ... The River Westbourne is a river in London, England. ... Entrance to the Fleet River, Samuel Scott, c. ... The River Ravensbourne is a tributary of the River Thames in South London, England. ... The River Ravensbourne is a tributary of the River Thames in South London, England. ... This article is not about the River Lee that flows through Cork, in the Republic of Ireland; see River Lee (Ireland). ... The confluence of the River Darent (left) and the River Cray (right) on Crayford Marshes. ... The River Ingrebourne is a tributary of the Thames which passes roughly north east to south west through the London Borough of Havering in East London. ... Brackish redirects here. ...


This part of the river is managed by the Port of London Authority. The flood threat here comes from high tides and strong winds from the North Sea, and the Thames Barrier was built in the 1980’s to protect London from this risk. The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ...


The average discharge of the Thames grows up to approximately 66 cubic metres per second at the end of its non-tidal section, at Kingston upon Thames, a figure which is exceeded by some other British rivers (e.g., the Severn and the Tay). Indeed, if the Thames were not a tidal river, its average discharge in the centre of London would be somewhere between 80 and 100 cubic metres per second, and the Thames would look like a small river, not the large river we can see today by Westminster, the Houses of Parliament or the City.[citation needed] Kingston upon Thames, part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames, is an ancient market town where Saxon kings were crowned, and is now a lively suburb of London. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... The River Tay looking eastwards from Perth The River Tay, in terms of flow (193 kilometres or 120 miles), is the longest river in Scotland. ... Motto: Domine dirige nos Latin: Lord, guide us Shown within Greater London Sovereign state Constituent country Region Greater London Status City and Ceremonial County Admin HQ Guildhall Government  - Leadership see text  - Mayor David Lewis  - MP Mark Field  - London Assembly John Biggs Area  - Total 1. ...


Islands

Temple Island — the start of the Henley Royal Regatta course

The river Thames contains over 80 islands ranging from the large esturial marshlands of the Isle of Sheppey, Isle of Grain and Canvey Island to small tree covered islets like Rose Isle, Oxfordshire and Headpile Eyot Berkshire. Some of the largest inland islands - Formosa Island near Cookham and Andersey Island at Abingdon - were created naturally when the course of the river divided into separate streams, while Desborough Island, Ham Island at Old Windsor and Penton Hook Island were artificially created by lock cuts and navigation channels. Chiswick Eyot is a familiar landmark on the Boat Race course, while Glover's Island forms the centrepiece of the spectacular view from Richmond Hill. Islands with a historical interest are Magna Carta Island at Runnymede, Fry's Island at Reading and Pharaoh's Island near Shepperton. In more recent times Platts Eyot at Hampton was the place where MTBs were built, Tagg's Island near Molesey was associated with the impresario Fred Karno, and Eel Pie Island at Twickenham was the birthplace of the South East’s R&B music scene. This article lists the islands in the River Thames, England. ... Download high resolution version (600x873, 146 KB)Temple Island - the start of Henley Royal Regatta. ... Download high resolution version (600x873, 146 KB)Temple Island - the start of Henley Royal Regatta. ... Temple Island Temple Island is an island in the River Thames north of Henley-on-Thames. ... View towards Minster from Elmley Marshes The Isle of Sheppey is a small (36 square miles, 94 km²) island off the northern coast of Kent, England in the Thames Estuary, some 38 miles (62km) to the east of central London. ... Grain church The Isle of Grain, (OE Greon meaning gravel) is in north Kent, England at the eastern end of the Hoo peninsula. ... , Canvey Island (area 18. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Magna Carta Island is an island in the River Thames, adjoining the water meadows at Runnymede, but in the English county of Berkshire. ... Frys Island is an island in the River Thames in Reading in the English county of Berkshire. ... Platts Eyot is an island on the River Thames in Hampton, England. ... Motor Torpedo Boats (MTB) was the name given to fast torpedo boats by the US and Royal Navies. ... Fred Karno - the stage name of Frederick John Westcott (March 26, 1866 - September 18, 1941) - was a theatre impressario. ... Eel Pie Island, in the River Thames at Twickenham in London, England, can only be reached by a footbridge or boat. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ...


Geological history

Goring Gap, where the Thames broke through the Chilterns, seen from Lardon Chase

The River Thames can first be identified as a discrete drainage line as early as 58 million years ago, in the late Palaeocene Period Thanetian Stage.[3] Until around half a million years ago, the Thames flowed on its existing course through what is now Oxfordshire, before turning to the north east through Hertfordshire and East Anglia and reaching the North Sea near Ipswich. At this time the river system headwaters lay in the English West Midlands and may, at times, have received drainage from the North Wales Berwyn Mountains. Arrival of an ice sheet in the Quaternary Ice Age, about 450,000 years ago, dammed the river in Hertfordshire and caused it to be diverted onto its present course through London. This created a new river route aligned through Berkshire and on into London after which the river rejoined its original course in southern Essex, near the present River Blackwater estuary. Here it entered a substantial freshwater lake in the southern North Sea basin. The overspill of this lake caused the formation of the Dover Straits or Pas-de-Calais gap between Britain and France. Subsequent development led to the continuation of the course which the river follows at the present day.[4] The Goring Gap, viewed the Berkshire Downs, on a snowy January Day. ... The Goring Gap, viewed the Berkshire Downs, on a snowy January Day. ... The Chiltern Hills are a chalk escarpment in south east England. ... The Goring Gap seen from Lardon Chase on a snowy January day Lardon Chase, the Holies and Lough Down are three adjacent National Trust countryside properties, situated in the English county of Berkshire, above the village of Streatley and overlooking the Goring Gap. ... The Paleocene epoch (65-56 MYA) (early dawn of the recent) is the first geologic epoch of the Palaeogene period in the modern Cenozoic era. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... For the similarly named county in the West Midlands region, see Herefordshire. ... Norfolk and Suffolk, the core area of East Anglia. ... The North Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, located between the coasts of Norway and Denmark in the east, the coast of the British Isles in the west, and the German, Dutch, Belgian and French coasts in the south. ... For other uses, see Ipswich (disambiguation). ... The West Midlands is an official Region of England, covering the western half of the Midlands. ... Approximate extent of North Wales North Wales (known in some archaic texts as Northgalis) is the northernmost unofficial region of Wales, bordered to the south by Mid Wales. ... Cadair Berwyn, with Llyn Lluncaws in the foreground The Berwyn Range is an isolated and sparsely-populated area of moorland located in the north-east of Wales, United Kingdom, roughly bounded by Llangollen in the north-east, Corwen in the north-west, Bala in the south-west, and Oswestry in... An ice sheet is a mass of glacier ice that covers surrounding terrain and is greater than 50,000 km² (19,305 mile²).[1] The only current ice sheets are in Antarctica and Greenland; during the last ice age at Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) the Laurentide ice sheet covered much... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other meanings of Essex, see Essex (disambiguation). ... In geography, a blackwater river has water-colour ranging from clear tea to coffee. ... Map showing the location of the Strait of Dover. ... Pas-de-Calais is a département in northern France named after the strait which it borders. ...


At the height of the last ice age around 12000 years ago, Britain was connected to mainland Europe via a large expanse of land known as Doggerland in the southern North Sea basin. At this time, the Thames' course did not continue to Doggerland, but was aligned southwards from the eastern Essex coast where it met the Rhine, the Meuse and the Scheldt[4] flowing from what are now The Netherlands and Belgium. These rivers formed a single river—the Channel River (Fleuve Manche)—that passed through the Dover Strait and drained into the Atlantic Ocean in the western English Channel. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... // Doggerland is the former landmass in the southern North Sea which connected the island of Great Britain to mainland Europe during the last ice age. ... For other uses, see Rhine (disambiguation). ... The Meuse(Maas) at Maastricht Length 925 km Elevation of the source 409 m Average discharge 230 m³/s Area watershed 36 000 km² Origin France Mouth Hollands Diep Basin countries France - Belgium - Netherlands The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a large European river rising in France, flowing through Belgium and... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut, Latin Scaldis) is a 350 km[1] long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ...


Wildlife

Swan Upping - skiffs surround the swans
Swan Upping - skiffs surround the swans
Fishing at Penton Hook Island

Various species of bird feed off the river or nest on it, some being found both at sea and inland. These include Cormorant, Black-headed Gull, and Herring Gull. The Swan is a familiar sight on the river but the Black Swan is more rare. The annual ceremony of Swan upping is an old tradition of counting stocks. Geese that can be seen include Canada Geese, Egyptian Geese, and Bar-headed Geese, and familiar ducks include the Mallard, Mandarin Duck, and Wood Duck. Other water birds to be found on the Thames include the Great Crested Grebe, Coot, Moorhen, Heron, and Kingfisher. In addition there are many types of British birds that live alongside the river, although they are not specific to the river habitat. A Thames skiff is a traditional River Thames wooden rowing boat. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), known in Australia as the Black Cormorant, is a widespread member of the cormorant family of seabirds. ... Binomial name Larus ridibundus Linnaeus, 1766 The Black-headed Gull, (Larus ridibundus), is a small gull which breeds in much of Europe and Asia, and also in coastal eastern Canada. ... Binomial name Pontoppidan, 1763 The Herring Gull, Larus argentatus, is a large gull which breeds across North America, Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name (Gmelin, 1789) Synonyms Anas olor Gmelin, 1789 Cygnus olor immutabilis var. ... Binomial name Cygnus atratus Latham, 1790 Subspecies Black Swan New Zealand Swan (extinct) Synonyms Anas atrata Latham, 1790 Chenopis atratus The Black Swan, Cygnus atratus is a large non-migratory waterbird which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest of Australia. ... Swan Upping is an annual ceremonial and practical activity in England in which mute swans on the River Thames are rounded up, caught, marked, and then released. ... For the outerwear manufacturer, see Canada Goose (clothing). ... Binomial name Alopochen aegyptiacus (Linnaeus, 1766) The Egyptian Goose (Alopochen aegyptiacus) is a member of the duck, goose and swan family Anatidae. ... Binomial name Anser indicus (Latham, 1790) Synonyms Eulabeia indica The Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus) is a goose which breeds in Central Asia in colonies of thousands near mountain lakes. ... For other uses, see Mallard (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) European distribution of Aix galericulata The Mandarin Duck (Aix galericulata), or just Mandarin, is a medium-sized perching duck, closely related to the North American Wood Duck. ... Binomial name Aix sponsa Linnaeus, 1758 Nesting (light green), wintering (blue) and year-round (dark green) ranges of . ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Great Crested Grebe, Podiceps cristatus is a member of the grebe family of water birds. ... Binomial name Fulica atra Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Fulica prior The Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra), or just Coot, is a member of the rail and crake bird family, the Rallidae. ... Species Samoan Wood Rail, Gallinula pacifica (sometimes placed in genus Pareudiastes, extinct?) Makira Wood Rail, Gallinula silvestris (sometimes placed in genus Pareudiastes or Edithornis, extinct?) Tristan Moorhen, Gallinula nesiotis (extinct) Gough Island Moorhen, Gallinula comeri Common Moorhen, Gallinula chloropus Dusky Moorhen, Gallinula tenebrosa Lesser Moorhen, Gallinula angulata Spot-flanked Gallinule... Binomial name Ardea cinerea Linnaeus, 1758 The Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) is a wading bird of the heron family Ardeidae. ... Binomial name Alcedo atthis (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Kingfisher or Common Kingfisher, Alcedo atthis, is widely distributed in Europe, Africa, and Asia. ...


The Thames contains both seawater and freshwater, thus providing support for seawater and freshwater fish. The salmon, which inhabits both environments has been reintroduced, and succession of fish ladders built into weirs to allow them to travel upstream. The eel is a particularly associated with the Thames and there were formerly many eel traps designed to catch them. Some of the freshwater fish to be found in the Thames and its tributaries include brown trout, chub, dace, roach, barbel, perch, pike, bleak, and flounder. Colonies of short-snouted seahorses have also recently been discovered in the river.[5] Pool-and-weir fish ladder at Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River Fishways, most commonly referred to as fish ladders but also known as fish passes, are structures placed on or around man-made barriers (such as dams and weirs) to assist the natural migration of diadromous fishes. ... The bridge and weir mechanism at Sturminster Newton on the River Stour, Dorset. ... Binomial name Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Eel, Anguilla anguilla, is a snakelike fish. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Morphs Salmo trutta morpha trutta Salmo trutta morpha fario Salmo trutta morpha lacustris The brown trout (Salmo trutta morpha fario and morpha lacustris) and the sea trout ( morpha trutta) are fish of the same species. ... This article describes the European chub, Leuciscus (Squalius) cephalus. ... Binomial name Leuciscus leuciscus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Common Dace (Leuciscus leuciscus) is a freshwater or brackish fish belonging to the family Cyprinidae, also known as the Dare or the Dart. ... For other uses, see Roach. ... Barbels are group of large carp-like freshwater fish, almost all of the genus Barbus In comparison to Carp which typically inhabit mud bottomed ponds and still waters, barbels are usually found in gravel and rocky bottomed fast flowing waters with high dissolved oxygen content. ... Binomial name Perca fluviatilis Linnaeus, 1758 The European perch (Perca fluviatilis) is a species of perch found in Europe and Asia. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The northern pike (known as the pike in Britain), Esox lucius, is a species of carnivorous fish of the genus Esox (the pikes). ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The bleak is a small pelagic fish of the Cyprinid family. ... Flounder or flukes are flatfish that live in ocean waters ie. ... Binomial name Peters, 1869 The knobby seahorse, short-headed seahorse, or short-snouted seahorse (Hippocampus breviceps) is a species of fish in the Syngnathidae family. ...


In addition the Thames is host to some invasive crustaceans including Signal crayfish and Chinese Mitten Crab. Binomial name Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852) The signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus, is an American crayfish indigenous to the western United States. ... Binomial name Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 The Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis), also known as big binding crab (大閘蟹) and Shanghai hairy crab (上海毛蟹), is a medium-sized burrowing crab found in the coastal estuaries of eastern Asia from Korea in the north to the Fujian province of China in...


On 20 January 2006 a northern 16-18 ft (5 m) bottle-nosed whale was spotted in the Thames and was seen as far upstream as Chelsea. This is extremely unusual because this type of whale is generally found in deep sea waters. Crowds gathered along the riverbanks to witness the extraordinary spectacle. But it soon became clear there was cause for concern, as the animal came within yards of the banks, almost beaching, and crashed into an empty boat causing slight bleeding. Approximately 12 hours later, the whale was believed to be seen again near Greenwich, possibly heading back to sea. There was a rescue attempt lasting several hours, but it eventually died on a barge. See River Thames whale.[6] is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Binomial name Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770) Northern Bottlenose Whale range Binomial name Hyperoodon planifrons Flower, 1882 Southern Bottlenose Whale range A bottlenose whale is one of two species of whale in the Ziphid family. ... This article is about Greenwich in England. ... Whale being rescued near Battersea Bridge Wikinews has news coverage related to this subject: Whale spotted in Thames river, Central London Experts fear for the health of London whale Rescue teams try to save London whale London whale dies The River Thames Whale was a juvenile female Northern Bottlenose whale...


Human aspects

The River Thames has served several roles in human history, being an economic resource, a water highway, a boundary, and more recently a leisure facility.


Human history

The Tower, with Tower Bridge built 800 years later
The Tower, with Tower Bridge built 800 years later
An engraving by Claes Van Visscher showing Old London Bridge in 1616, with Southwark Cathedral in the foreground
An engraving by Claes Van Visscher showing Old London Bridge in 1616, with Southwark Cathedral in the foreground
The Frozen Thames, 1677.
The Frozen Thames, 1677.
19th century painting "Haymaking on the Thames" by John Clayton Adams
19th century painting "Haymaking on the Thames" by John Clayton Adams
Wallingford Bridge and St Peter's Church
Wallingford Bridge and St Peter's Church
The Thames at Hampton
The Thames at Hampton
The Thames as it flows through London, with the Isle of Dogs in the centre.
The Thames as it flows through London, with the Isle of Dogs in the centre.

There is evidence of human habitation living off the river along its length dating back to Neolithic times.[7] The British Museum has a decorated bowl (3300-2700 BC), found in the River at Hedsor, Buckinghamshire and a considerable amount of material was discovered during the excavations of Dorney Lake.[8] A number of Bronze Age sites and artifacts have been discovered along the banks of the River including settlements at Lechlade, Cookham and Sunbury-on-Thames. Some of the earliest written accounts of the Thames occur in Julius Caesar’s account of his second expedition to Britain in 54BC[9] when the Thames presented a major obstacle and he encountered the Iron Age Belgic tribes the Catuvellauni, and the Atrebates along the river. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (816x612, 240 KB) The Tower of London, viewed from the SwissRe tower. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (816x612, 240 KB) The Tower of London, viewed from the SwissRe tower. ... Image File history File links London_Bridge_(1616)_by_Claes_Van_Visscher. ... Image File history File links London_Bridge_(1616)_by_Claes_Van_Visscher. ... Southwark Cathedral Southwark Cathedral or The Cathedral and Collegiate Church of St Saviour and St Mary Overie, Southwark, London, lies on the south bank of the River Thames close to London Bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x595, 696 KB) Summary Haymaking on the Thames Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (900x595, 696 KB) Summary Haymaking on the Thames Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Haymaking on the Thames by John Clayton Adams John Clayton Adams or J. Clayton Adams (1840 to 1906) was a well-known landscape artist from Edmonton, London. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1352, 1929 KB) London, England from above. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1352, 1929 KB) London, England from above. ... The Isle of Dogs in 1899, at the height of its commercial success The Isle of Dogs is in the centre of this 2005 aerial view of east London as seen from the skies over south London. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... London museum | name = British Museum | image = British Museum from NE 2. ... Hedsor is a village in Buckinghamshire, England. ... Dorney Lake is a purpose built rowing lake in the United Kingdom. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Location within the British Isles Lechlade is a town in Gloucestershire, England, and is the highest navigable point on the River Thames. ... , Cookham is a village and civil parish in the north-easternmost corner of Berkshire in England, on the River Thames. ... , Sunbury-on-Thames is a suburb in the Surrey (formerly Middlesex) borough of Spelthorne in England. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... The Belgae were a group of nations or tribes living in north-eastern Gaul, on the west bank of the Rhine, in the 1st century BC, and later also attested in Britain. ... The Catuvellaunii (meaning probably good in battle) were one of the Celtic tribes living in the British Isles, before the Roman invasion of Britain. ... The Atrebates (meaning settlers) were a Belgic tribe of Gaul and Britain before the Roman conquests. ...


Under the Emperor Claudius in AD 43, the Romans occupied England and recognising the River's strategic and economic importance, built fortifications along the Thames valley including a major camp at Dorchester. Two hills, now known as Cornhill and Ludgate Hill, provided a firm base for a trading centre at the lowest possible point on the Thames called Londinium where a bridge was built. The next Roman bridge upstream was at Staines (Pontes) to which point boats could be swept up on the rising tide with no need for wind or muscle power. Many of the Thames’ riverside settlements trace their origins back to very early roots and the suffix - “ing” in towns such as Goring and Reading, Berkshire owes their origins to the Saxons. Recent research suggests that these peoples preceded the Romans rather than replaced them.[10] The river’s long tradition of farming, fishing, milling and trade with other nations started with these peoples and has continued to the present day. Competition for the use of the river created the centuries-old conflict between those who wanted to dam the river to build millraces and fish traps and those who wanted to travel and carry goods on it. Economic prosperity and the foundation of wealthy monasteries by the Anglo-Saxons attracted unwelcome visitors and by around AD 870 the Vikings were sweeping up the Thames on the tide and creating havoc as in their destruction of Chertsey Abbey. For other persons named Claudius, see Claudius (disambiguation). ... Dorchester-on-Thames is a village on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England. ... , Cornhill is one of the principal streets of the City of London, the historic nucleus of modern London. ... Ludgate Hill is a hill in the City of London, near the old Ludgate, a gate to the City that was taken down, with its attached jail, in 1780. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... Goring may be reference to: Goring-On-Thames, the English village Goring by Sea, the English seaside town Hermann Göring, the leading Nazi This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... Chertsey Abbey, dedicated to St Peter, was a Benedictine monastery located at Chertsey in the English county of Surrey. ...


Once King William had won total control of the strategic Thames Valley he went on to invade the rest of England. He had many castles built, including those at Wallingford, Rochester, Windsor and most importantly the Tower of London. Many details of Thames activity are recorded in the Domesday book. The following centuries saw the conflict between King and Barons coming to a head in AD 1215 when King John was forced to sign the Magna Carta on an island in the Thames at Runnymede. This granted them among a host of other things under Clause 23 the right of Navigation. Another major consequence of John’s reign was the completion of the multi-piered London Bridge which acted as a barricade and barrage on the river, affecting the tidal flow upstream and increasing the likelihood of freezing over. In Tudor and Stuart times the Kings and Queens loved the river and built magnificent riverside palaces at Hampton Court, Kew, Richmond on Thames, Whitehall and Greenwich. William I of England (c. ... Map sources for Wallingford at grid reference SU6089 Wallingford is a small town in Oxfordshire in southern England. ... , Rochester is a town in Kent, England, at the lowest bridging point of the River Medway about 30 miles (50 km) from London. ... This article is about the English town. ... For other uses, see Tower of London (disambiguation) Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, on the north bank of the River Thames. ... A line drawing entitled Domesday Book from Andrew Williamss Historic Byways and Highways of Old England. ... This article is about the English charter issued in 1215. ... Location of Runnymede at grid reference SU998727 in the United Kingdom Runnymede is a water-meadow alongside the River Thames in the county of Surrey, England, associated with the signing of the Magna Carta and today the site of a collection of memorials. ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ... Hampton Court redirects here. ... Kew is a place in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames in South West London. ... Richmond is a suburb in southwest London, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames. ... Whitehall, London, looking south towards the Houses of Parliament. ... This article is about Greenwich in England. ...


The 16th and 17th Centuries saw the City of London grow with the expansion of world trade. The wharves of the Pool of London were thick with sea-going vessels while naval dockyards were built at Deptford. The Dutch navy even entered the Thames in 1667 in the raid on the Medway. This article is about the district in London. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


A cold series of winters led to the Thames freezing over above London Bridge, and this led to the first Frost Fair in 1607, complete with a tent city set up on the river itself and offering a number of amusements, including ice bowling. In good conditions barges travelled daily from Oxford to London carrying timber and wool, foodstuffs and livestock, battling with the millers on the way. The stone from the Cotswolds used to rebuild St Paul’s Cathedral after the Great Fire in 1666 was brought all the way down from Radcot. The Thames provided the major highway between London and Westminster in the 16th and 17th centuries and the clannish guild of watermen ferried Londoners from landing to landing and tolerated no outside interference. In AD 1715 Thomas Doggett was so grateful to a local waterman for his efforts to ferry him home pulling against the tide, that he set up a rowing race for professional watermen known as “Doggett's Coat and Badge”. The period from the 15th century to the 19th century in Europe has been called the Little Ice Age on account of the severity of the climate at the time, especially the severe winters. ... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... For the 1387 battle, see Radcot Bridge (Battle). ... Thomas Doggett (or Dogget), (ca. ... The Doggetts Coat and Badge is the prize for one of the oldest rowing races. ...


By the 18th century, the Thames was one of the world's busiest waterways, as London became the centre of the vast, mercantile British Empire and progressively over the next century the docks expanded in the Isle of Dogs and beyond.. Efforts were made to resolve the navigation conflicts up stream by building locks along the Thames. After temperatures began to rise again, starting in 1814, the river stopped freezing over completely.[11] The building of a new London Bridge in 1825 with fewer pillars than the old, allowed the river to flow more freely and reduced the likelihood of freezing over in cold winters.[12] For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ...


The Victorian era was an era of imaginative engineering. In the 'Great Stink' of 1858, pollution in the river reached such proportions that sittings at the House of Commons at Westminster had to be abandoned. A concerted effort to contain the city's sewage, by constructing massive sewers on the north and south river embankments followed, under the supervision of engineer Joseph Bazalgette. Meanwhile, similar huge undertakings took place to ensure water supply, with the building of reservoirs and pumping stations on the river to the west of London. The embankments in London house the water supply to homes, plus the sewers, and protect London from flood. The coming of rail added both spectacular and ugly railway bridges to fine range of earlier road bridges but reduced commercial activity on the river. However sporting and leisure use increased with the establishment of regattas like Henley and The Boat Race. On 3 September 1878, one of the worst river disasters in England took place, when the crowded pleasure boat Princess Alice collided with the Bywell Castle, killing over 640 people. The Great Stink or The Big Stink was a time in the summer of 1858 during which the smell of untreated sewage almost overwhelmed people in central London. ... Type Lower House Speaker Michael Martin, (Non-affiliated) since October 23, 2000 Leader Harriet Harman, (Labour) since June 28, 2007 Shadow Leader Theresa May, (Conservative) since May 5, 2005 Members 659 Political groups Labour Party Conservative Party Liberal Democrats Scottish National Party Plaid Cymru Democratic Unionist Party Sinn Féin... Sewers transport wastewater from buildings to treatment facilities. ... Look up engineer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Memorial to Sir Joseph Bazalgette on Victoria Embankment Sir Joseph William Bazalgette (28 March 1819 – 15 March 1891) was one of the great English civil engineers of the Victorian era. ... railroads redirects here. ... A regatta is a boat race or series of boat races. ... A race taking place at Henley Regatta 2004 Henley Royal Regatta is a rowing event held every year on the river Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. ... Boat race redirects here. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Bywell Castle, near the River Tyne in England, is not in fact a complete castle, but simply a tower originally intended to be the gatehouse of a larger fortress. ...


The growth of road transport and the decline of the Empire, in the years following 1914, reduced the economic prominence of the river. During World War II the protection of the Thames was crucial to the defence of the country. Defences included the Maunsell forts in the estuary and barrage balloons to cope with the threat of German bombers using the distinctive shape of the river to navigate during The Blitz. Although the Port of London remains one of the UK's three main ports, most trade has moved downstream from central London. The decline of manufacturing industry and improved sewage treatment have led to a massive clean-up since the filthy days of the late 19th and early- to mid-20th centuries, and aquatic life has returned to its formerly 'dead' waters. Alongside the river runs the Thames Path, providing a route for walkers and cyclists. Disruptions in organized traffic flow can create delays lasting hours. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... ‹ The template below (Citations missing) is being considered for deletion. ... The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ... The Thames Path is a National Trail following the length of the River Thames from its source in Gloucestershire to the Thames Barrier at Greenwich. ...


In the early 1980s a massive flood-control device, the Thames Barrier, was opened. It is closed several times a year to prevent water damage to London's low-lying areas upstream (as in the 1928 Thames flood for example). In the late 1990s, the 7-mile (11 km) long Jubilee River was built, which acts as a flood channel for the Thames around Maidenhead and Windsor.[13] The Thames Barrier is a flood control structure on the River Thames, constructed between 1974 and 1984 at Woolwich Reach, London. ... The 1928 Thames flood was a disastrous flood of the River Thames that affected much of riverside London, England, on 7 January 1928, as well as places further downriver. ... The Jubilee River is a new channel which was built during the 1990s to divert flood waters from the River Thames around Maidenhead, Windsor and Eton. ... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ...


Origin of the name

Statue of Old Father Thames at St John's Lock
Statue of Old Father Thames at St John's Lock

The Thames, from Middle English Temese, is derived from the Celtic name for the river, Tamesas (from *tamēssa)[14], recorded in Latin as Tamesis and underlying modern Welsh Tafwys "Thames". The name probably meant "dark" and can be compared to other cognates such as Irish teimheal and Welsh tywyll "darkness" (PC *temeslos) and Middle Irish teimen "dark gray"[14], though Richard Coates[15] mentions other theories: Kenneth Jackson's[16] that it is non Indo-European (and of unknown meaning), and Peter Kitson's[17] that it is IE but pre-Celtic, and has a name indicating muddiness from a root *tã-, 'melt'. Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... The Proto-Celtic language, also called Common Celtic, is the putative ancestor of all the known Celtic languages. ... my children are my life ... Richard Coates is Professor of Linguistics at the University of the West of England, and formerly President of the English Place-Name Society. ... Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson was a linguist and phonologist and a translator who specialized in the Brythonic languages. ...


The river's name has always been pronounced with a simple t; the Middle English spelling was typically Temese and Celtic Tamesis. The th lends an air of Greek to the name and was added during the Renaissance, possibly to reflect or support a belief that the name was derived from River Thyamis in the Epirus region of Greece, whence early Celtic tribes were erroneously thought to have migrated. Middle English is the name given by historical linguistics to the diverse forms of the English language spoken between the Norman invasion of 1066 and the mid-to-late 15th century, when the Chancery Standard, a form of London-based English, began to become widespread, a process aided by the... The Celtic languages are the languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, a branch of the greater Indo-European language family. ... In Celtic mythology, Tamesis was goddess of water, particularly fresh water. ... This article is about the European Renaissance of the 14th-17th centuries. ... The River Thyamis is a river in the Epirus region of Greece. ... Epirus, spanning Greece and Albania. ... This article is about the European people. ...


Indirect evidence for the antiquity of the name 'Thames' is provided by a Roman potsherd found at Oxford, bearing the inscription Tamesubugus fecit (Tamesubugus made this). It is believed that Tamesubugus's name was derived from that of the river.[18]


The Thames through Oxford is often given the name the River Isis, although historically, and especially in Victorian times, gazetteers and cartographers insisted that the entire river was correctly named the River Isis from its source until Dorchester-on-Thames. Only at this point, where the river meets the River Thame and becomes the "Thame-isis" (subsequently abbreviated to Thames) should it be so-called; Ordnance Survey maps still label the Thames as "River Thames or Isis" until Dorchester. However since the early 20th century, this distinction has been lost in common usage outside Oxford, and some historians suggest the name Isis—although possibly named after the Egyptian goddess of that name—is nothing more than a contraction of Tamesis, the Latin (or pre-Roman Celtic) name for the Thames. This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... The Isis is the name given to the River Thames at Oxford, after the ancient Egyptian goddess Isis. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Dorchester-on-Thames is a village on the River Thames in Oxfordshire, England. ... Rivers Thame (cyan) and Thames (blue) in south-east England The River Thame (pronounced as tame) is a river in southern England. ... Part of an Ordnance Survey map at 1 inch to the mile scale from 1945 Ordnance Survey (OS) is an executive agency of the United Kingdom government. ... Egyptian mythology or Egyptian religion is the succession of tentative beliefs held by the people of Egypt for over three thousand years, prior to major exposure to Christianity and Islam. ... This article discusses the ancient goddess Isis. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...


Richard Coates suggests that while the river was as a whole called the Thames, part of it, where it was too wide to ford, was called *(p)lowonida. This gave the name to a settlement on its banks, which became known as Londinium, from the Indo-European roots *pleu- "flow" and *-nedi "river" meaning something like the flowing river or the wide flowing unfordable river).[15] Richard Coates is Professor of Linguistics at the University of the West of England, and formerly President of the English Place-Name Society. ... Several places exist with the name Thames, and the word is also used as part of several brand and company names Most famous is the River Thames in England, on which the city of London stands Other Thames Rivers There is a Thames River in Canada There is a Thames... Londinium may refer to: An ancient Roman name for London (see History of London) Londinium (movie) A song by Catatonia A fictional planet in the TV show Firefly, (see moons and planets in Firefly) Londinivm, a free MMORPG. Londinium (album), an album by the band Archive This is a disambiguation...


For merchant seamen, the Thames has long been just 'The London River'. Londoners often refer to it simply as 'the river', in expressions such as 'south of the river'.[19]


The active river

One of the many piers for joining sightseeing boat trips.
One of the many piers for joining sightseeing boat trips.

One of the major resources provided by the Thames is drinking water provided by Thames Water whose area of responsibility covers the length of the River Thames. The Thames Water Ring Main is the main distribution mechanism for water in London with one major loop linking the Hampton, Walton, Ashford and Kempton Water Treatment Works to central London. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 215 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo of Festival Pier in the River Thames taken by myself in April 2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 215 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo of Festival Pier in the River Thames taken by myself in April 2007. ... Thames Water, known originally as the Thames Water Authority and after privatization as Thames Water Utilities Limited, is the utility responsible for water supply and waste water treatment in parts of Greater London, Surrey, Wiltshire, and the Thames Valley in the United Kingdom. ... The Thames Water Ring Main (TWRM) — formerly known as the London Water Ring Main (LWRM) — is an approximately 80km system of mostly 2. ... Hampton can mean: // Place names United States of America Hampton, Connecticut Hampton, Georgia Hampton, Iowa Hampton, Minnesota Hampton, Nebraska Hampton, New Hampshire Hampton, New Jersey Hampton, New York Hampton, South Carolina Hampton, Tennessee Hampton, Virginia Hampton Cove, Alabama Hampton Falls, New Hampshire New Hampton, New Hampshire Canada Hampton, New Brunswick... There are many people and places named Walton: Places In New Zealand: Walton, North Island In the United Kingdom: Walton, Buckinghamshire Walton, Cheshire Walton, Cumbria Walton, Derbyshire Walton-upon-Trent, Derbyshire Walton-on-the-Naze, Essex Walton, Leicestershire Walton, Merseyside Walton, Milton Keynes Walton, Peterborough Walton, Powys Walton, Somerset Walton... Ashford is a town in the Surrey borough of Spelthorne in England. ... Kempton can refer to: Kempton, Illinois Kempton, Indiana Kempton, Shropshire Kempton Park is an English racecourse This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


In the past, commercial activities on the Thames included fishing (particularly eel trapping), coppicing willows which provided wood for many purposes including osiers, and running watermills for flour and paper production and metal beating. These activities have disappeared, although there was a proposal to build a hydro plant at Romney Lock to power Windsor Castle. As of January 2008, this scheme appears to have been abandoned. Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (12th century) A watermill is a structure that uses a water wheel or turbine to drive a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, or metal shaping (rolling, grinding or wire drawing). ... This article is about the castle in Windsor. ...


The Thames is popular for riverside housing whether in high rise flats in central London or chalets on the banks and islands up stream. The river has its own residents dwelling on houseboats, typically around Brentford and Tagg's Island , Brentford is a suburb in the London Borough of Hounslow at the confluence of the River Thames and the River Brent in West London, situated approximately 8 miles (12. ...


One of the major industries on the river now is tourism. In London there are many sightseeing tours in tourist boats, past the more famous riverside attractions such as the Houses of Parliament and the Tower of London as well as regular riverboat services provided by London River Services. Along the course of the river a number of small private companies offer river trips at tourist sites such as Hampton Court, Windsor and Oxford. Many companies also provide boat hire and accommodation on the river. This may refer to the: British Houses of Parliament. ... For other uses, see Tower of London (disambiguation) Her Majestys Royal Palace and Fortress, more commonly known as the Tower of London (and historically as The Tower), is a historic monument in central London, on the north bank of the River Thames. ... Logo of Thames Clipper London River Services is an arm of Transport for London, which manages public transport on the River Thames in London. ...


The leisure navigation and sporting activities on the river have given rise to a number of dependent businesses including boatbuilding, marinas, ships chandlers and salvage services.


The river is policed by five police forces. The Thames Division is the River Police arm of London’s Metropolitan Police, while Surrey Police, Thames Valley Police, Essex Police and Kent Police have responsibilities on their parts of the river outside the metropolitan area. There is also a London Fire Brigade fire boat on the river. The river claims a number of lives each year. As a result of the Marchioness disaster in 1989 when 51 people died, the Government asked the Maritime and Coastguard Agency, the Port of London Authority and the Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) to work together to set up a dedicated Search and Rescue service for the tidal River Thames. As a result, there are four lifeboat stations on the river Thames based at Teddington, Chiswick Pier, Tower Pier and Gravesend.[20] A Fast Response Targa 31 boat of the Marine Support Unit of the Metropolitan Police, on the River Thames in London The Marine Support Unit (MSU, commonly known by its prior name of Thames Division) is a Central Operations unit of the Metropolitan Police, that polices the River Thames in... Metropolitan Police redirects here. ... Surrey Police is the Home Office police force the county of Surrey in the south of England The force is lead by Chief Constable Bob Quick and has its headquarters at Mount Browne, Guildford, Surrey. ... Thames Valley Police is one of the largest Home Office police services in England and the largest non-metropolitan one, covering 2200 sq mi (5,700 km²) and a population of 2. ... Essex Police is a Home Office (territorial) police force with responsibility for policing the county of Essex in south east England. ... Kent Police is the police force covering Kent in England, including the unitary authority of Medway. ... The London Fire Brigade (LFB) is the statutory fire and rescue service for London, England. ... The Marchioness disaster occurred on the River Thames on August 20, 1989, when the pleasure boat Marchioness sank after being run down by the dredger Bowbelle. ... The United Kingdom is a unitary state and a democratic constitutional monarchy. ... The Maritime and Coastguard Agencys Logo The Maritime and Coastguard Agency is a UK government agency working to prevent the loss of lives at searesponsible for implimenting maritime safety policy. ... The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ... Swanage lifeboat being winched up its slipway The Royal National Lifeboat Institution (RNLI) is a charity based in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland dedicated to saving lives at sea around the coasts of Great Britain and Ireland. ... , Teddington is an area of London, England on the north bank of the River Thames, between Hampton Wick and Twickenham. ... Gravesend is a town in northwest Kent, England, on the south bank of the Thames, opposite Tilbury in Essex. ...


Navigation

Bray lock, Berkshire
Pool of London looking west, from the high-level walkway on Tower Bridge. Click on the picture for a longer description
Pool of London looking west, from the high-level walkway on Tower Bridge. Click on the picture for a longer description

The Thames is navigable from the estuary as far as Lechlade in Gloucestershire. Between the sea and Teddington Lock, the river forms part of the Port of London and navigation is administered by the Port of London Authority. From Teddington Lock to the head of navigation, the navigation authority is the Environment Agency. Both the tidal river through London and the non-tidal river upstream are intensively used for leisure navigation. All craft using the river Thames must be licensed. Picture of Bray lock in the River Thames, Berkshire (near to Maidenhead). ... Picture of Bray lock in the River Thames, Berkshire (near to Maidenhead). ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1274, 640 KB) View looking west, from the high-level walkway on Tower Bridge. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1800x1274, 640 KB) View looking west, from the high-level walkway on Tower Bridge. ... For the bridge of the same name in California, see Tower Bridge (California). ... Location within the British Isles Lechlade is a town in Gloucestershire, England, and is the highest navigable point on the River Thames. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Teddington Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in the town of Teddington in the western suburbs of London, England. ... The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ... The Port of London lies along the banks of the River Thames in London, England. ... (see also the List of environmental organizations) The Environment Agency (Welsh: Asiantaeth yr Amgylchedd) of England and Wales was created by the Environment Act 1995, along with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. ...


The river is navigable to large ocean-going ships as far upstream as the Pool of London and London Bridge. Today little commercial traffic passes above the docks at Tilbury and central London sees only the occasional visiting cruise ship or warship, moored alongside HMS Belfast. There is a regular traffic of aggregate or refuse vessels, operating from wharves in the west of London. The tidal Thames links to the canal network at the River Lea Navigation, the Regent's Canal at Limehouse Basin, and the Grand Union Canal at Brentford. View of the Pool of London from London Bridge, 1841 Originally, the Pool of London was the stretch of the River Thames forming the south side of the City of London. ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... A cruise ship or a cruise liner is a passenger ship used for pleasure voyages, where the voyage itself and the ships amenities are considered an essential part of the experience. ... HMS Invincible, a British Invincible-class aircraft carrier USS Port Royal (CG-73), an American Ticonderoga class cruiser HMCS Algonquin, a Canadian Iroquois-class destroyer HMAS Darwin, an Australian Adelaide-class frigate A naval ship is a ship (or sometimes boat, depending on classification) used for combat purposes, commonly by... Belfast at her London berth in 2004. ... Limestone Quarry Construction aggregate, or simply, aggregate, is a broad category of coarse particulate material used in construction, including sand, gravel, crushed stone, slag, and recycled concrete. ... For other uses, see Waste (disambiguation). ... Metung Wharf on Bancroft Bay, Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, Australia A wharf is a fixed platform, commonly on pilings, roughly parallel to and alongside navigable water, where ships are loaded and unloaded. ... Old Ford Lock, Lee Navigation The River Lee Navigation is a canalised river incorporating - as the name suggests - the River Lee (also known as the River Lea). ... The Regents Canal is a canal across an area just to the north of central London. ... The Limehouse Basin in east London provides a navigable link between the Regents Canal and the River Thames. ... The canal at Braunston The Grand Union Canal is a canal in England and part of the British canal system. ...


The non-tidal River Thames is divided into reaches by the 45 locks. The locks are manned for a greater part of the day, but can be operated by experienced users out of hours. This part of the Thames links to existing navigations at the River Wey Navigation, the River Kennet and the Oxford Canal. Canal locks in England. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ...


There is no speed limit on the Tideway downstream of Wandsworth Bridge,[21] although boats are not allowed to create undue wash. Upstream of Wandsworth Bridge a speed limit is in force for powered craft to protect the riverbank environment and to provide safe conditions for rowers and other river users. The speed limit of 8 knots (15 km/h) applies to powered craft on this tidal part and 4.3 knots (8 km/h) on the non-tidal Thames. The Environment Agency has patrol boats (named after tributaries of the Thames) and can enforce the limit strictly since river traffic usually has to pass through a lock at some stage. There are pairs of transit markers at various points along the non-tidal river that can be used to check speed - a boat travelling legally taking a minute or more to pass between the two markers. Wandsworth Bridge crosses the River Thames in London in a North-West to South-East direction. ...


The river as a boundary

Until sufficient crossings were established, the river provided a formidable barrier, with Belgic tribes and Anglo-Saxon kingdoms being defined by which side of the river they were on. When English counties were established their boundaries were partly determined by the Thames. On the Northern bank were the traditional counties of Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire Buckinghamshire, Middlesex and Essex. On the southern bank were the counties of Wiltshire, Berkshire, Surrey, and Kent. However the 214 bridges and 17 tunnels that have been built to date have changed the dynamics and made cross-river development and shared responsibilities more practicable. The 1974 boundary changes moved some of the boundaries away from the river, so that, for example, some of Berkshire became Oxfordshire, some of Buckinghamshire became Berkshire, and some of Middlesex became Surrey. On occasion – for example in rowing – the banks are still referred to by their traditional county names. Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... The Middlesex Guildhall at Westminster Middlesex is one of the 39 historic counties of England and was the second smallest (after Rutland). ... This article is about the county of Essex in England. ... Not to be confused with Wilshire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ...


Crossings

Newbridge, in rural Oxfordshire
Newbridge, in rural Oxfordshire
Railway bridge at Maidenhead
Railway bridge at Maidenhead
The Millennium Footbridge with St Paul's Cathedral in the background
The Millennium Footbridge with St Paul's Cathedral in the background
Hammerton's Ferry near Richmond.
Hammerton's Ferry near Richmond.

Many of the present road bridges on the river are on the site of earlier fords, ferries and wooden structures. The earliest known major crossings of the Thames by the Romans were at London Bridge and Staines Bridge. At Folly Bridge in Oxford the remains of an original Saxon structure can be seen, and mediaeval stone structures such as Newbridge, and Abingdon Bridge are still in use. Kingston’s growth is believed to stem from its having the only crossing between London Bridge and Staines until the beginning of the 18th century. During the 18th century, many stone and brick road bridges were built from new or to replace existing structures both in London and along the length of the river. These included Putney Bridge, Westminster Bridge, Windsor Bridge and Sonning Bridge. Several central London road bridges were built in the 19th century, most conspicuously Tower Bridge, the only Bascule bridge on the river, designed to allow ocean going ships to pass beneath it. The most recent road bridges are the by passes at Isis Bridge and Marlow By-pass Bridge and the Motorway bridges, most notably the two on the M25 route Queen Elizabeth II Bridge and M25 Runnymede Bridge. This is a list of crossings of the River Thames, downstream first, including bridges, tunnels and ferries. ... Looking north, Maidenhead Railway Bridge (Isambard Kingdom Brunel, 1838) crossing the River Thames at Maidenhead. ... Looking north, Maidenhead Railway Bridge (Isambard Kingdom Brunel, 1838) crossing the River Thames at Maidenhead. ... Download high resolution version (1394x1024, 239 KB)The London Millennium Bridge with by St. ... Download high resolution version (1394x1024, 239 KB)The London Millennium Bridge with by St. ... This article is about the cathedral church of the diocese of London. ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ... Staines Bridge crosses the River Thames in Surrey, England in a south-west to north-east direction. ... Folly Bridge is a stone bridge over the River Thames on the Abingdon Road south from central Oxford, England. ... Newbridge is the name of at least two places: Newbridge, County Kildare, Ireland - sometimes known by its Irish name, Droichead Nua Newbridge, Wales (traditionally in Monmouthshire), United Kingdom Newbridge, Wolverhampton, a suburb of Wolverhampton, West Midlands, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might... Putney Bridge Putney Bridge is a bridge crossing of the River Thames in west London, linking Putney on the south side with Fulham to the north. ... Westminster Bridge and the Palace of Westminster, with a glimpse of Westminster Abbey behind the tower of Big Ben. ... Windsor Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames between the towns of Windsor and Eton in the English county of Berkshire. ... Sonning Bridge is a bridge across the River Thames in Sonning, Berkshire. ... For the bridge of the same name in California, see Tower Bridge (California). ... Salmon Bay Bridge, Seattle, USA; a single leaf through truss with an above-deck counterweight A bascule bridge is a drawbridge with a counterweight that continuously balances the span, or leaf, throughout the entire upward swing in providing clearance for boat traffic. ... Marlow By-pass Bridge is a bridge carrying the A404 road over the River Thames to the south-east of Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England. ... The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge (A282) was built at Dartford to expand the Thames river crossing capacity between sections of the M25 motorway. ...


The development of the railway resulted in a spate of bridge building in the 19th century including Blackfriars Railway Bridge and Charing Cross (Hungerford) Railway Bridge in central London, and the spectacular railway bridges by Isambard Kingdom Brunel at Maidenhead Bridge, Gatehampton Railway Bridge and Moulsford Railway Bridge. Blackfriars Railway Bridge, London, with remains of old bridge in foreground Blackfriars Railway Bridge is a railway bridge crossing the River Thames in London, between Blackfriars Bridge and the Millennium Bridge. ... Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, seen from the north The Hungerford Bridge runs over the River Thames in London, between Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. ... Isambard Kingdom Brunel, FRS (9 April 1806 – 15 September 1859) (IPA: ), was a British engineer. ... Maidenhead Bridge is a bridge carrying the A4 road over the River Thames to the east of Maidenhead. ... Gatehampton Railway Bridge is a railway bridge carrying the main line of the Great Western Railway over the River Thames in Lower Basildon, Berkshire, England. ... Moulsford Railway Bridge Moulsford Railway Bridge lies a little to the north of Moulsford and South Stoke in Oxfordshire, UK. It was built by Isambard Kingdom Brunel between 1838 and 1839, at the same time as he built Maidenhead Railway Bridge and Gatehampton Railway Bridge. ...


The world’s first underwater tunnel was the Thames Tunnel by Marc Brunel built in 1843 and used to carry the East London Line. The Tower Subway was the first railway under the Thames, which was followed by all the deep-level tube lines. Road tunnels were built in East London at the end of the 19th century, being the Blackwall Tunnel and the Rotherhithe Tunnel, and the latest tunnel was the Dartford Crossing. Interior of the Thames Tunnel, mid-19th century The Thames Tunnel was the worlds first underwater tunnel, built beneath the River Thames in London. ... London Transport Portal The East London Line is a line of the London Underground, coloured orange on the Tube map. ... The Tower Subway is a tunnel beneath the River Thames in central London, close — as the name suggests — to the Tower of London. ... The Blackwall Tunnel is the name given to a pair of road tunnels underneath the River Thames in east London, linking the London Borough of Greenwich with the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... The Rotherhithe entrance of the Rotherhithe Tunnel, 1909 The same entrance (as at February 2006) The Rotherhithe Tunnel is a road tunnel crossing beneath the River Thames in East London. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ...


Many foot crossings were established across the weirs that were built on the non-tidal river, and some of these remained when the locks were built – for example at Benson Lock. Others were replaced by a footbridge when the weir was removed as at Hart's Weir Footbridge. Around the year 2000 AD, several footbridges were added along the Thames, either as part of the Thames Path or in commemoration of the Millennium. These include Temple Footbridge, Bloomers Hole Footbridge, the Hungerford Footbridges and the Millennium Bridge, all of which have distinctive design characteristics. Hungerford Bridge is a bridge, or triplet of bridges, over the River Thames in London, between Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. ... The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the River Thames in London between the existing Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge, linking Bankside with the City. ...


Some ferries still operate on the river. The Woolwich Ferry carries cars and passengers across the river in the Thames Gateway and links the North Circular and South Circular roads. Upstream are smaller pedestrian ferries, for example Hampton Ferry and Shepperton to Weybridge Ferry the last being the only non-permanent crossing that remains on the Thames Path. The Woolwich Ferry is a service across the River Thames linking Woolwich in the London Borough of Greenwich with North Woolwich in the London Borough of Newham. ... The A406 or the North Circular Road is a trunk-road linking west and east London going via North London. ... The A205 or South Circular Road is a roughly semicircular trunk road that joins west London to east London via south London. ...


Sport

There are several watersports prevalent on the Thames, with many clubs encouraging participation and organising racing and inter-club competitions.


Rowing

Main article: Rowing on the River Thames
Cambridge cross the finish line ahead of Oxford in the 2007 Boat Race, viewed from Chiswick Bridge
Cambridge cross the finish line ahead of Oxford in the 2007 Boat Race, viewed from Chiswick Bridge

The Thames is the historic heartland of rowing in the United Kingdom. There are over 200 clubs on the river, and over 8,000 members of the Amateur Rowing Association (over 40% of its membership). Most towns and districts of any size on the river have at least one club, but key centres are Oxford, Henley-on-Thames and the stretch of river from Chiswick to Putney. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3332 × 2221 pixel, file size: 3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (3332 × 2221 pixel, file size: 3. ... A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... The Amateur Rowing Association (ARA) is the governing body in the United States of Rowingdom for the sport of rowing. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... For other uses, see Chiswick (disambiguation). ... Putney is a district of south-west London in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ...


Two rowing events on the River Thames are traditionally part of the wider English sporting calendar:


The University Boat Race is rowed between Oxford University Boat Club and the Cambridge University Boat Club in late March or early April, on the Championship Course from Putney to Mortlake in the west of London. Exhausted crews at the finish of the 2002 Boat Race The Boat Race is a rowing race between the rowing clubs of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. ... The Oxford University Boat Club (OUBC) is the rowing club of the University of Oxford, England, located on the River Thames at Oxford. ... The Cambridge University Boat Club (CUBC) is the rowing club of the University of Cambridge, England, located on the River Cam at Cambridge. ... The stretch of the River Thames between Mortlake and Putney in London, England is a well-established course for rowing races, most famously the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. ... Putney is a district of south-west London in the London Borough of Wandsworth. ... Mortlake is a part of south west London between Sheen and Barnes and bounded by the river Thames to the north. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ...


Henley Royal Regatta takes place over five days at the start of July in the upstream town of Henley-on-Thames. Besides its sporting significance the regatta is an important date on the English social calendar alongside events like Royal Ascot and Wimbledon. A race taking place at Henley Regatta 2004 Henley Royal Regatta is a rowing event held every year on the river Thames by the town of Henley-on-Thames, England. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... The social season or Season has historically referred to the annual period when it is customary for members of the social and political elite of society to hold debutante balls, dinner parties, and large charity events, particularly in the United Kingdom and the United States. ... Ascot Racecourse is a racecourse, located in the village of Ascot in the English county of Berkshire used for thoroughbred horse racing. ... Wimbledon logo The Championships, Wimbledon, commonly referred to as simply Wimbledon, is the oldest and arguably most prestigious event in the sport of tennis. ...


Other significant or historic rowing events on the Thames include:

Other regattas, head races and bumping races are held along the Thames which are described under Rowing on the River Thames. Crews racing under Hammersmith Bridge at HORR 2005 The Head of the River Race (HORR) is a rowing race held annually on the Thames in London from Mortlake to Putney. ... The stretch of the River Thames between Mortlake and Putney in London, England is a well-established course for rowing races, most famously the Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Doggetts Coat and Badge is the prize for one of the oldest rowing races. ... Henley Womens Regatta is a rowing regatta held at Henley-on-Thames, England. ... The Henley Boat Races are a number of rowing races between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... Corpus bumps Girton at the 2005 May Bumps in Cambridge A bumps race is a form of rowing race in which a number of boats chase each other in single file; each boat attempts to catch the boat in front without being caught by the boat behind. ... At Oxford University, Eights Week constitutes the main intercollegiate rowing event of the year, and happens in May. ... At Oxford University, Torpids is one of two bumping races held in the year, the other being Eights. ... A regatta is a boat race or series of boat races. ... A head race is a type of rowing race. ...


Sailing

Main article: Sailing on the River Thames
Near Raven's Ait where Raters are based at Thames Sailing Club on the left
Near Raven's Ait where Raters are based at Thames Sailing Club on the left

Sailing is practiced on both the tidal and non-tidal reaches of the river. The highest club upstream is at Oxford. The most popular sailing craft used on the Thames are lasers, GP14s, and Wayfarers. One sailing boat unique to the Thames is the Thames Rater, which is sailed around Raven's Ait. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 402 × 599 pixels Full resolution (720 × 1072 pixel, file size: 151 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Tim Trent 27 May 2006 The River Thames at Surbiton in Surrey in the United Kingdom showing [[Thames Sailing Club], home of the... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 402 × 599 pixels Full resolution (720 × 1072 pixel, file size: 151 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Taken by Tim Trent 27 May 2006 The River Thames at Surbiton in Surrey in the United Kingdom showing [[Thames Sailing Club], home of the... Looking upstream from Queens Promenade Looking downstream from the draw dock The draw dock Ravens Ait is an island in the Thames at Surbiton, in Surrey, situated at the upstream end of Queens Promenade[1] where it departs from the river and opposite Thames Sailing Club, home... Olympic Class sailor hiking out The Laser Standard Laser Standard - Side view Righting a capsized boat This article focuses on the Laser Standard dinghy. ... GP14 from astern The GP14 is a 4. ... The Wayfarer is a wooden or fibreglass hulled bermudan rigged sailing dinghy, often used for short sailing trips as a day boat. The boat is 15 foot 10 inches (4. ... The Thames A Class Rater is both a historic and modern specialist sailing craft designed for the particular conditions at Thames Sailing Club, in Surbiton in the United Kingdom. ... Looking upstream from Queens Promenade Looking downstream from the draw dock The draw dock Ravens Ait is an island in the Thames at Surbiton, in Surrey, situated at the upstream end of Queens Promenade[1] where it departs from the river and opposite Thames Sailing Club, home...


Skiffing

Skiffing remains popular, particularly in the summer months. Several clubs and regattas may be found in the outer suburbs of west London. Skiffing refers to rowing in a Thames skiff, often in races. ...


Punting

Unlike the "pleasure punting" common on the Cherwell in Oxford and the Cam in Cambridge, punting on the Thames is competitive and uses narrower craft. Punts on the Cam A punt is a flat-bottomed boat with a square-cut bow, typically used in small rivers and canals. ... The River Cherwell is a river which flows through the midlands of England. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... View north from Kings College bridge The River Cam is a tributary of the River Great Ouse in the east of England. ... This article is about the city in England. ...


Kayaking and Canoeing

Main article: Kayaking and Canoeing on the River Thames

Kayaking and canoeing are popular, with sea kayakers using the tidal stretch for touring. Sheltered water kayakers and canoeists use the non-tidal section for training, racing and trips. Whitewater playboaters and slalom paddlers are catered for at weirs like those at Hurley Lock, Sunbury Lock and Boulter's Lock. At Teddington just before the tidal section of the river starts is Royal Canoe Club said to be the oldest in the world founded in 1867. Sea Kayaking at Wilsons Promontory in Victoria, Australia Kayaking is the use of a kayak for moving across water. ... Canoeing is the recreational or sporting activity of paddling a canoe or kayak. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Whitewater is formed in a rapid, when a rivers gradient drops enough to form a bubbly, or aerated and unstable current; the frothy water appears white. ... Playboat Playboating is a discipline of kayaking or canoeing where the paddler performs various technical moves in one place (a playspot), as opposed to whitewater canoeing or kayaking where the objective is to travel the length of a section of river (although whitewater canoeists will often stop and play en... Whitewater Slalom is a competitive sport where the aim is to navigate a decked canoe or kayak through a course of gates on river rapids in the fastest time possible. ... The bridge and weir mechanism at Sturminster Newton on the River Stour, Dorset. ... Hurley Lock is a lock and weir on the River Thames, situated in a clump of islands close to the village of Hurley, Berkshire. ... Sunbury Lock is a lock on the River Thames adjoining the southern bank near Walton-on-Thames in north-west Surrey, England. ... Boulters Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames on the eastern side of Maidenhead (formerly in Cookham) in the English county of Berkshire. ... Founded in 1866, the Royal Canoe Club (RCC) is based on the River Thames in Teddington near central London. ...


Meanders

A Thames meander is a long-distance journey over all or part of the Thames by running, swimming or using any of the above means. It is often carried out as an athletic challenge in a competition or for a record attempt! Thames meander refers to a long-distance journey over all or part of the River Thames in England. ...


Culture

The first Westminster Bridge as painted by Canaletto in 1746.
The first Westminster Bridge as painted by Canaletto in 1746.
Maidenhead Railway Bridge as Turner saw it in 1844
Maidenhead Railway Bridge as Turner saw it in 1844
Trouée de soleil dans le brouillard, Houses of Parliament, London, Sun Breaking Through the Fog, 1904
Trouée de soleil dans le brouillard, Houses of Parliament, London, Sun Breaking Through the Fog, 1904
Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge (c. 1872-1875)
Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge (c. 1872-1875)
St John's lock, near Lechlade.
St John's lock, near Lechlade.
The River Thames in Oxford
The River Thames in Oxford

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1038x773, 131 KB) Summary Westminster Bridge from the north on Lord Mayors Day Painting by Canaletto (1746), original at the Yale Center for British Art Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Canaletto Westminster Bridge ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1038x773, 131 KB) Summary Westminster Bridge from the north on Lord Mayors Day Painting by Canaletto (1746), original at the Yale Center for British Art Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Canaletto Westminster Bridge ... Westminster Bridge and the Palace of Westminster, with a glimpse of Westminster Abbey behind the tower of Big Ben. ... Download high resolution version (807x605, 65 KB)J. M. W. Turner - Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway (1844), oil on canvas, National Gallery, London The painting depicts an early locomotive of the Great Western Railway crossing the River Thames on Brunels recently completed Maidenhead Railway Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (807x605, 65 KB)J. M. W. Turner - Rain, Steam and Speed - The Great Western Railway (1844), oil on canvas, National Gallery, London The painting depicts an early locomotive of the Great Western Railway crossing the River Thames on Brunels recently completed Maidenhead Railway Bridge. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x1781, 414 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Smog ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2024x1781, 414 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Smog ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2756, 444 KB) Description: Title: de: Die alte Battersea Brücke: Nocturne-Blau und Gold en: Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 66,6 × 50,2 cm Country of origin: de: USA... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2024x2756, 444 KB) Description: Title: de: Die alte Battersea Brücke: Nocturne-Blau und Gold en: Nocturne in Blue and Gold: Old Battersea Bridge Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 66,6 × 50,2 cm Country of origin: de: USA... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 2509 KB) Summary Photographer: User:Ballista Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1920x2560, 2509 KB) Summary Photographer: User:Ballista Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 1159 KB) The river Thames in Oxford own photograph File links The following pages link to this file: River Thames ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 1159 KB) The river Thames in Oxford own photograph File links The following pages link to this file: River Thames ...

Visual arts

The River Thames has been a subject for artists, great and minor, over the centuries. Four major artists with works based on the Thames are Canaletto, J. M. W. Turner, Claude Monet, and James McNeil Whistler. The 20th century British artist Stanley Spencer produced many works at Cookham. The Stonemasons Yard, painted 1726-30. ... Joseph Mallord William Turner (23 April 1775[1] – 19 December 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ... This article is about Impressionist painter. ... James Abbott McNeill Whistler (July 14, 1834 - July 17, 1903) was an American painter and etcher. ... The Resurrection, Cookham, 1924-7, oil on canvas, by Sir Stanley Spencer, Tate Gallery. ... , Cookham is a village and civil parish in the north-easternmost corner of Berkshire in England, on the River Thames. ...


The river is lined with various pieces on sculpture, but John Kaufman's sculpture The Diver:Regeneration is actally sited in the Thames near Rainham. The Diver is a sculpture by John Kaufman located in the River Thames at Rainham, London. ... The Diver is a sculpture by John Kaufman located in the River Thames at Rainham, London. ... Places called Rainham include: Rainham, London, England Rainham, Kent, England This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Literature

The Thames is mentioned in many works of literature including novels, diaries and poetry. It is the central theme in three in particular.


Three Men in a Boat by Jerome K. Jerome, first published in 1889, is a humorous account of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford. The book was intended initially to be a serious travel guide, with accounts of local history of places along the route, but the humorous elements eventually took over. The landscape and features of the Thames as described by Jerome are virtually unchanged, and enduring humour has meant that it has never been out of print since it was first published. Three Men in a Boat (To Say Nothing of the Dog), published 1889, is a humorous account by Jerome K. Jerome of a boating holiday on the Thames between Kingston and Oxford. ... Jerome Klapka Jerome (May 2, 1859 – June 14, 1927) was an English author, best known for the humorous travelogue Three Men in a Boat. ...


Charles Dickens Our Mutual Friend (written in the years 1864–65) describes the river in a grimmer light. It begins with a scavenger and his daughter pulling a dead man from the river near London Bridge, to salvage what the body might have in its pockets, and heads to its conclusion with the deaths of the villains drowned in Plashwater Lock upstream.The workings of the river and the influence of the tides are described with great accuracy. Dickens opens the novel with this sketch of the river, and the people who work on it: Dickens redirects here. ... Our Mutual Friend (written in the years 1864–65) is the last novel completed by Charles Dickens. ...

In these times of ours, though concerning the exact year there is no need to be precise, a boat of dirty and disreputable appearance, with two figures in it, floated on the Thames, between Southwark Bridge which is of iron, and London Bridge which is of stone, as an autumn evening was closing in. The figures in this boat were those of a strong man with ragged grizzled hair and a sun-browned face, and a girl of nineteen or twenty. The girl rowed, pulling a pair of sculls very easily; the man with the rudder-lines slack in his hands, and his hands loose in his waisteband, kept an eager look-out. Southwark Bridge and St Pauls Cathedral Southwark Bridge seen from the South Bank of the Thames. ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ...

Kenneth Grahame's The Wind in the Willows written in 1908 is set in the middle to upper reaches of the river. This starts as a tale of gentle anthropomorphic animals "simply messing" about on the water and concludes with the arrogant and anti-social Mr Toad getting his come-uppance on a river barge. Kenneth Grahame Kenneth Grahame (March 8, 1859 – July 6, 1932) was a Scottish novelist. ... For other uses, see The Wind in the Willows (disambiguation). ...


The river almost inevitably features in many books set in London. Most of Dickens' other novels include some aspect of the Thames. Oliver Twist finishes in the slums and rookeries along its south bank. Sherlock Holmes stories by Arthur Conan Doyle often visit riverside parts as in The Sign of Four. In Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad, the serenity of the contemporary Thames is contrasted with the savagery of the Congo River, and with the wilderness of the Thames as it would have appeared to a Roman soldier posted to Britannia two thousand years before. Conrad also gives a description of the approach to London from the Thames Estuary in his essays The Mirror of the Sea (1906). Up river, Henry James Portrait of a Lady uses a large riverside mansion on the Thames as one of its key settings. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Oliver Twist (1838) is Charles Dickens second novel. ... A rookery (also sometimes described as a stew) was the colloquial name historically given to a city slum or ghetto frequented by poor people, criminals and prostitutes. ... This article is about Arthur Conan Doyles fictional detective. ... Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle, DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a Scottish author most noted for his stories about the detective Sherlock Holmes, which are generally considered a major innovation in the field of crime fiction, and for the adventures of Professor Challenger. ... The Sign of Four (1890) was the second novel featuring Sherlock Holmes written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. ... For other uses, see Heart of Darkness (disambiguation). ... // Joseph Conrad (born Józef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski; 3 December 1857 – 3 August 1924) was a Polish-born English novelist. ... The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... The Portrait of a Lady is a novel by Henry James, first published as a serial in The Atlantic Monthly and Macmillans Magazine in 1880-1881 and then as a book in 1881. ...


Literary non-fiction works include Samuel Pepys diary, in which he recorded many events relating to the Thames including the Fire of London. He was disturbed while writing it in June 1667 by the sound of gunfire as Dutch warships broke through the Royal Navy on the Thames. Samuel Pepys, FRS (23 February 1633 – 26 May 1703) was an English naval administrator and Member of Parliament, who is now most famous for his diary. ... The Great Fire of London was a major fire that swept through the City of London from September 2nd to September 5th, 1666, and resulted more or less in the destruction of the city. ...


In poetry, William Wordsworth's sonnet On Westminster Bridge closes with the lines Wordsworth redirects here. ... Composed upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802 is an 1802 poem by William Wordsworth. ...

Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!
The river glideth at his own sweet will:
Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;
And all that mighty heart is lying still!

T. S. Eliot references makes several references to the Thames in The Fire Sermon, Section III of "The Waste Land". For other persons named Thomas Eliot, see Thomas Eliot (disambiguation). ... The Waste Land (1922)[1] is a highly influential 434-line modernist poem by T. S. Eliot. ...

Sweet Thames run softly , till I end my song.
The river bears no empty bottles, sandwich papers,
Silk handkerchiefs, cardboard boxes cigarette ends
Or other testimony of summer nights.

And

The river sweats
Oil and tar
The barges drift
With the turning tide
Red sails
Wide
To leeward, swing on the heavy spar,
The barges wash
Drifting logs
Down Greenwich reach
Past the Isle of Dogs

The Sweet Thames line is taken from Edmund Spenser’s Prothalamion which presents a more idyllic image. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Along the shoare of silver streaming Themmes;
Whose rutty banke, the which his river hemmes,
Was paynted all with variable flowers.
And all the meads adornd with daintie gemmes
Fit to deck maydens bowres

Also writing of the upper reaches is Matthew Arnold in The Scholar Gypsy Matthew Arnold Caricature from Punch, 1881: Admit that Homer sometimes nods, That poets do write trash, Our Bard has written Balder Dead, And also Balder-dash Family tree Matthew Arnold (24 December 1822 – 15 April 1888) was an English poet and cultural critic, who worked as an inspector of schools. ...

Crossing the stripling Thames at Bab-lock-hythe
Trailing in the cool stream thy fingers wet
As the slow punt swings round
Oh born in days when wits were fresh and clear
And life ran gaily as the sparkling Thames;
Before this strange disease of modern life.

Science Fiction novels make liberal use of a futuristic Thames. The utopian News from Nowhere by William Morris is mainly the account of a journey through the Thames valley in a socialist future.The Thames also features prominently in Philip Pullman's His Dark Materials trilogy, as a communications artery for the waterborne Gyptian people of Oxford and the Fens. News from Nowhere is a classic work of utopian fiction written by the artist, designer and socialist pioneer William Morris. ... This page is about William Morris, the writer, designer and socialist. ... The Thames Valley is generally the region that drains into the River Thames, England, but is used in a more specific term by the government. ... Philip Pullman CBE (born October 19, 1946) is a British writer. ... The trilogy (U.K versions), in order of succession from left to right. ... A trilogy is a set of three works of art, usually literature or film, that are connected and can be seen as a single work, as well as three individual ones. ...


Music

The Water Music composed by George Frideric Handel premiered in the summer of 1717 (July 17, 1717) when King George I requested a concert on the River Thames. The concert was performed for King George I on his barge and he is said to have enjoyed it so much that he ordered the 50 exhausted musicians to play the suites three times on the trip. The Water Music is a collection of orchestral movements, often considered as three suites, composed by George Frideric Handel. ... “Handel” redirects here. ... George I (George Louis; 28 May 1660 – 11 June 1727)[1] was King of Great Britain and Ireland, from 1 August 1714 until his death. ...


The Sex Pistols played a concert on the Queen Elizabeth Riverboat on June 7, 1977, the Queen's Silver Jubilee year, while sailing down the river. Sex Pistols are an iconic and highly influential English punk rock band, formed in London in 1975. ...


Cinema and Television

A boat chase on the Thames forms the long opening scene of the James Bond film The World Is Not Enough. The offices of MI6, Britain's external spy agency, are right on the river in a building known as Vauxhall Cross. This article is about the spy series. ... For other uses, see The World Is Not Enough (disambiguation). ... The Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), more commonly known as MI6 (originally Military Intelligence Section 6), or the Secret Service, is the United Kingdom external security agency. ... For other uses, see Vauxhall (disambiguation). ...


The theme of the Thames being completely drained was used in the Doctor Who episode "The Runaway Bride". This theme was also used in the Hollywood Blockbuster Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer (2007), where a huge hole in the riverbed beside Westminster Bridge and the London Eye stranded the items formerly floating on the river. Traversed on an episode of Top Gear season 10 episode 5. A birds eye view version can be seen in the main titles of EastEnders. This article is about the television series. ... The Runaway Bride is a special episode of the long running British science fiction television series Doctor Who, starring David Tennant as the Tenth Doctor. ... ... Top Gear may refer to: Top Gear (current format), a BBC television series about cars and motorsport in its new format (2002–present). ... Albert Square in the 1980s. ...


See also

The distinctive sailing barges that were once a common sight on Londons River Thames, were commercial craft relying on sail power alone. ... The River and Rowing Museum in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England, was established in 1998, located on a site at Mill Meadows by the River Thames. ... This is a list of rivers of Great Britain. ... Thames Town is the proposed name in English for a new town in China, near Shanghai. ... Thames Television was a franchise holder of the British ITV television network, serving London on weekdays between 1968 and 1992. ... London Stone is the name given to a number of boundary stones which stand beside rivers in south east England. ... N.O.R.E. formerly known as rapper Noreaga, is a member of the rap group C-N-N. N.O.R.E. stands for Niggaz on (the) run eatin. He is currently signed to Def Jam Records and Roc-A-Fella Records. ...

References

  1. ^ Dot & Ian Hart (2001–5). The River Thames — Its geology, geography and vital statistics from source to sea. Retrieved November 1, 2005.
  2. ^ Peter Ackroyd London:The Biography Vintage 2001
  3. ^ History of the major rivers of southern Britain during the Tertiary. Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Group (2006). Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  4. ^ a b History of the northwest European rivers during the past three million years. Quaternary Palaeoenvironments Group (2007). Retrieved on 2007-10-28.
  5. ^ Rare seahorses breeding in Thames BBC News, 7 April 2008
  6. ^ Lost whale dies after rescue bid. BBC. Retrieved on 22 October 2007.
  7. ^ P. Needham (1985) Neolithic And Bronze Age Settlement On The Buried Floodplains Of Runnymede Oxford Journal of Archaeology 4
  8. ^ Lamdin-Whymark, H, 2001 ‘Neolithic activity on the floodplain of the river Thames at Dorney’, Lithics 22,
  9. ^ Gaius Julius Caesar De Bello Gallico
  10. ^ Stephen Oppenheimer The Origins of the British
  11. ^ Frost Fairs, London, UK. BBC. Retrieved on March 21, 2007.
  12. ^ London, River Thames and Tower Bridge. VR London. Retrieved on March 21, 2007.
  13. ^ Environment Agency (2005). Jubilee River.
  14. ^ a b Mallory, J.P. and D.Q. Adams. The Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy and Dearborn, 1997: 147.
  15. ^ a b Coates, Richard (1998). "A new explanation of the name of London". Transactions of the Philological Society 96 (2): 203-229. 
  16. ^ Jackson, Kenneth H. "The Pictish Language". in in F. T. Wainright (ed.): The Problem of the Picts. Nelson, 129-166. 
  17. ^ Kitson, Peter R (1996). "British and European River Names'". Transactions of the Philological Society 94: 73-118. 
  18. ^ Henig M. & Booth P. 2000, Roman Oxfordshire, pgs.118-9
  19. ^ Culteral Heritage Resources (2005). Legendary Origins and the Origin of London's place name. Retrieved November 1, 2005.
  20. ^ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/1739401.stm BBC News Wednesday, 2 January, 2002, ‘’Thames lifeboat service launched’’.
  21. ^ Port of London Notice to Mariners No. 14 of 2006, River Thames Speed Limits

is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... (see also the List of environmental organizations) The Environment Agency (Welsh: Asiantaeth yr Amgylchedd) of England and Wales was created by the Environment Act 1995, along with the Scottish Environment Protection Agency. ... Richard Coates is Professor of Linguistics at the University of the West of England, and formerly President of the English Place-Name Society. ... Kenneth Hurlstone Jackson was a linguist and phonologist and a translator who specialized in the Brythonic languages. ... is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Ackroyd, Peter (2007). Thames: Sacred River. Chatto and Windus. ISBN 0701172843. 

Peter Ackroyd (born October 5, 1949, London) is an English author. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Thames

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The River and Rowing Museum in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire, England, was established in 1998, located on a site at Mill Meadows by the River Thames. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in South West England. ... Oxfordshire (abbreviated Oxon, from the Latinised form Oxonia) is a county in the South East of England, bordering on Northamptonshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, and Warwickshire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Buckinghamshire (abbreviated Bucks) is one of the home counties in South East England. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... The Thames Estuary is a large estuary where the River Thames flows into the North Sea. ... Ashton Keynes is a village and civil parish in the North Wiltshire district of Wiltshire, England, near the border with Gloucestershire, and about 6 miles south of Cirencester. ... , Cricklade is a small town in north Wiltshire in England, on the River Thames, situated midway between Swindon and Cirencester. ... Location within the British Isles Lechlade is a town in Gloucestershire, England, and is the highest navigable point on the River Thames. ... This article is about the city of Oxford in England. ... , Abingdon (traditionally known as Abingdon-on-Thames) is a market town in Oxfordshire in Southern England. ... Map sources for Wallingford at grid reference SU6089 Wallingford is a small town in Oxfordshire in southern England. ... , Goring-on-Thames is a village and civil parish on the River Thames in the English county of Oxfordshire. ... , Reading is a town, unitary authority (the Borough of Reading) and urban area in the English county of Berkshire. ... , Henley-on-Thames is a town on the north side of the River Thames in south Oxfordshire, England, about 10 miles downstream and north-east from Reading, 10 miles upstream and west from Maidenhead. ... Overlooking river Thames and Marlow Marlow (previously Great Marlow or Chipping Marlow) is a town on the very southern tip of Buckinghamshire, England. ... Statistics Population: 58,848 (2001) Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: SU889811 Administration District: Windsor and Maidenhead Region: South East England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Berkshire Historic county: Berkshire Services Police force: Thames Valley Ambulance service: South Central Post office and telephone Post town: MAIDENHEAD... This article is about the English town. ... Eton is a town in Berkshire, England, lying on the opposite bank of the River Thames to Windsor and connected to it by Windsor Bridge. ... Slough (pronounced ) is a town and unitary authority (Borough of Slough) in England. ... For the French commune, see Stains. ... , Weybridge is a town in the Elmbridge district of Surrey in South East England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... , Dartford is the principal town in the borough of Dartford. ... Tilbury is located on the north bank of the River Thames, in the borough of Thurrock in England, at the point where the river suddenly narrows to about 800 yards/740 metres in width. ... Southend-on-Sea is a resort town in Essex, England. ... The River Churn rises at Seven Springs near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England and flows south across the Cotswold dip slope passing through Cirencester and joining the River Thames near Cricklade in Wiltshire. ... The River Leach is a river tributary to the River Thames, running mostly in the county of Oxfordshire. ... The River Cole is a tributary of the River Thames which flows through Wiltshire and Oxfordshire, where it forms the border. ... The River Coln is a river in Gloucestershire, England. ... The Windrush at Bourton-on the-Water A pedestrian bridge across the River Windrush at Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire The River Windrush is a river in the English Cotswolds, forming part of the River Thames catchment. ... The Evenlode is a small river joining the Thames 5 km north-west of Oxford. ... The River Cherwell is a river which flows through the midlands of England. ... The River Ock is a small English river or brook. ... Rivers Thame (cyan) and Thames (blue) in south-east England The River Thame (pronounced as tame) is a river in southern England. ... The River Pang in Pangbourne The River Pang is a small clear chalk river in the west of the English county of Berkshire, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The Kennet is a river in the south east of England, and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The River Loddon is a tributary of the River Thames. ... The Colne is a river in England. ... The River Wey in Surrey is one of the Waterways in the United Kingdom and a tributary of the River Thames. ... The River Mole is a river in southern England, which rises in West Sussex near Gatwick Airport and flows north west through Surrey for 80 km (50 miles) to the River Thames at Hampton Court Palace. ... The Brent is a river in south-east England. ... The route of the River Wandle (Red) and some of its tributaries (Green) into the River Thames (Blue) The River Wandle is a river in southeast England. ... The outlet for the Effra river empties into the Thames by Vauxhall Bridge, from which this shot was taken. ... The River Westbourne is a river in London, England. ... Entrance to the Fleet River, Samuel Scott, c. ... The River Ravensbourne is a tributary of the River Thames in South London, England. ... The River Ravensbourne is a tributary of the River Thames in South London, England. ... This article is about the River Lee in England; for the one in the Republic of Ireland see River Lee (Ireland). ... The confluence of the River Darent (left) and the River Cray (right) on Crayford Marshes. ... The River Ingrebourne is a tributary of the Thames which passes roughly north east to south west through the London Borough of Havering in East London. ... , The Queen Elizabeth II Bridge The Dartford Crossing joins Dartford and Thurrock across the River Thames, to the east of London. ... The Blackwall Tunnel is the name given to a pair of road tunnels underneath the River Thames in east London, linking the London Borough of Greenwich with the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. ... The Rotherhithe entrance of the Rotherhithe Tunnel, 1909 The same entrance (as at February 2006) The Rotherhithe Tunnel is a road tunnel crossing beneath the River Thames in East London. ... Interior of the Thames Tunnel, mid-19th century The Thames Tunnel was the worlds first underwater tunnel, built beneath the River Thames in London. ... For the bridge of the same name in California, see Tower Bridge (California). ... For other uses, see London Bridge (disambiguation). ... The London Millennium Footbridge is a pedestrian-only steel suspension bridge crossing the River Thames in London between the existing Southwark Bridge and Blackfriars Bridge, linking Bankside with the City. ... Blackfriars Bridge with St Pauls Cathedral behind Blackfriars Bridge viewed from upstream, looking south Blackfriars Bridge, seen from Waterloo Bridge. ... Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges, seen from the north The Hungerford Bridge runs over the River Thames in London, between Waterloo Bridge and Westminster Bridge. ... Westminster Bridge and the Palace of Westminster, with a glimpse of Westminster Abbey behind the tower of Big Ben. ... Teddington Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in the town of Teddington in the western suburbs of London, England. ... Staines Bridge crosses the River Thames in Surrey, England in a south-west to north-east direction. ... Windsor Bridge is a bridge over the River Thames between the towns of Windsor and Eton in the English county of Berkshire. ... Maidenhead Railway Bridge (aka Maidenhead Viaduct) is a railway bridge carrying the main line of the Great Western Railway over the River Thames in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England. ... Marlow Bridge, from the local church Marlow Bridge is a road and foot traffic bridge over the River Thames between the town of Marlow in the English county of Buckinghamshire and the village of Bisham in the county of Berkshire. ... Folly Bridge is a stone bridge over the River Thames on the Abingdon Road south from central Oxford, England. ... This is a list of crossings of the River Thames, downstream first, including bridges, tunnels and ferries. ... This is a list of rivers of Great Britain. ... “Severn” redirects here. ... For other uses see Trent River. ... For other Rivers named Ouse, see Ouse The River Great Ouse is a river in the east of England. ... River Wye and Lancat and Ban y Gore Nature Reserve The Wye at Hay-on-Wye The Wye at Tintern This article is about the river that flows along the Anglo-Welsh border. ... The River Tay looking eastwards from Perth The River Tay, in terms of flow (193 kilometres or 120 miles), is the longest river in Scotland. ... The River Spey is a river in Scotland that runs 107 miles (172 km) to the Moray Firth at Spey Bay, making it the second longest river in Scotland. ... The River Nene is a river in the east of England. ... For other rivers, see Clyde River (disambiguation) , The River Clyde (Gaelic: Abhainn Chluaidh, pronounced ) is a major river in Scotland. ... There are other rivers with this name: see Tweed River The River Tweed at Abbotsford, near Melrose The River Tweed at Coldstream The River Tweed (156 kilometres or 97 miles long) flows primarily through the Borders region of Scotland. ... The River Eden is a river in Cumbria, England that flows through Carlisle on its way into the Solway Firth. ... River Dee near Braemar The Linn of Dee, small gorge near Braemar The River Dee is a 90 mile (140 km) long river, that rises in the Cairngorms, Aberdeenshire, Scotland and flows into the North Sea at Aberdeen. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Thames River Bridges | Thames River History | Thames River England | Thames River Fact | Thames River London (1070 words)
Documents of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries reveal a host of Thames employees, from the `conservators' who were in charge of river safety to the 'tide-men' whose work on embanking or building upon the river depended upon the state of the tide.
It became the river of magnificence, used as a golden highway by princes and diplomats.
Her welcome provided one of the richest pageants upon the Thames ever recorded, with the state barge of the mayor leading the procession `adorned by flags and pennons hung with rich tapestries and ornamented on the outside with scutcheons of metal, suspended on cloth of gold and silver'.
Thames river cruises, London party boats, Thames party boats, River Thames party boats, River Thames boat cruises (467 words)
We own and operate a fleet of prestigious river boats for corporate or private hire, whether it is for a private candlelit dinner for two whilst cruising on the River Thames or a corporate function for fifty.
Thames river cruises are our speciality service providing many different memorable and impressive tours of the River Thames.
River Thames boat cruises are our life and soul, and we aim to provide the ultimate experience for all of our clients.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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