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Encyclopedia > River Shannon
River Shannon

River Shannon, near Limerick City, Ireland
Length: 320 km
Rises: Cuilcagh Mountain, County Cavan, Ireland
Tributaries: River Suck, River Brosna
Flows into: Atlantic Ocean
Economic uses: Tourism; Cruising & Fishing;
Other; Hydroelectricity
Navigatable: By small cruisers
Wildlife Various birds; swans,
Carrick-on-Shannon-Bridge Leitrim
Shannon-Bridge Offaly

The River Shannon (Irish: Sionainn altenatively Sionna), Ireland's longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connacht) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster). The river has been an important waterway since antiquity. First mapped by Ptolemy, the river is 386 km (240 mi) long, and thus it exceeds the length of all other rivers in Ireland. The river flows generally south from the Shannon Pot in County Cavan before turning west and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean through the 113 km (70 mi) long Shannon Estuary. Limerick city stands watch at the point where the river water meets the sea water of the estuary. Only east of Limerick is the river no longer affected by the tides. Photo of the Shannon River near Limerick, Ireland. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... Download high resolution version (333x727, 59 KB) Image by Seabhcan. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2002) 56,546 Website: www. ... A tributary (or affluent or confluent) is a contributory stream, a river that does not reach the sea, but joins another major river (a parent river), to which it contributes its waters, swelling its discharge. ... The River Suck is a river in Ireland. ... The River Brosna is a river in Ireland. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... A cruising sailboat anchored in the San Blas Islands, in Panama. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Hydraulic turbine and electrical generator. ... Image:FRANKIE COBB.jpg Various species of deer are commonly seen wildlife across the Americas and Eurasia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carrick-on-Shannon_Bridge. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 224 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Carrick-on-Shannon_Bridge. ... Carrick-on-Shannon (Irish: Cora Droma Rúisc) is situated in County Leitrim in the Republic of Ireland on the County Roscommon border. ... Leitrim (Irish: Liatroim) is one of the counties in the west of Ireland and is part of the province Connacht. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1040 × 702 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Shannonbridge, view from west bank of river Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 540 pixelsFull resolution (1040 × 702 pixel, file size: 167 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Shannonbridge, view from west bank of river Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation... County Offaly (Irish: Uíbh Fhailí) is a county in Leinster, Ireland, bordered by seven other counties: Galway, Roscommon, Westmeath, Meath, Kildare, Laois, and Tipperary. ... During late Gaelic and early historic times Ireland was divided into provinces to replace the earlier system of the tuatha. ... Connaught redirects here. ... Statistics Area: 19,774. ... Statistics Area: 24,607. ... A medieval artists rendition of Claudius Ptolemaeus Claudius Ptolemaeus (Greek: ; ca. ... Shannon Pot The Shannon Pot (Irish: Lag na Sionna meaning hollow of the Shannon) is a turlough on the slopes of Cuilcagh Mountain in County Cavan, Ireland. ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2002) 56,546 Website: www. ... The Shannon Estuary is a large estuary where the River Shannon flows into the Atlantic Ocean. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ...

Contents

Geography

The source of the Shannon is in the Cuilcagh Mountains in south County Fermanagh in Northern Ireland, from where it flows through Shannon Cave, and rises at Shannon Pot in County Cavan. The river runs through/between 13 of Ireland's 32 Counties. Lakes on the Shannon include Lough Allen, Lough Ree and Lough Derg. Tributaries include the River Inny, River Suck and the River Brosna. Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Enniskillen Area: 1,691 km² Population (est. ... Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... Statistics Province: Ulster County Town: Cavan Code: CN Area: 1,931 km² Population (2002) 56,546 Website: www. ... Lough Allen on the River Shannon, in County Leitrim Location map of Lough Allen Lough Allen (Loch Aillionn in Irish) is a lake situated on the River Shannon, in the north-central part of the Republic of Ireland, near Irelands border region. ... Lough Ree (Loch Rí in Irish) is a lake in the midlands of Ireland, the second of the three major lakes on the River Shannon. ... There are two loughs (lakes) in Ireland of the name Lough Derg: Lough Derg in Munster is the second largest lake in the Republic of Ireland and borders Tipperary, Galway, County Clare and others. ... The River Suck is a river in Ireland. ... The River Brosna is a river in Ireland. ...


It is linked to the River Erne by the Shannon-Erne Waterway. The Erne is an 120 km long river in the north of Ireland. ...


Settlements along the river

Settlements along the River Shannon include Dowra, Carrick-on-Shannon, Roosky, Tarmonbarry, Athlone, Shannonbridge, Banagher, Meelick, Portumna, Mountshannon, Dromineer, Killaloe/Ballina, O'Briensbridge/Montpelier, Castleconnell, and Limerick. Along the banks of the Shannon Estuary lie Shannon, Ballynacally, Killadysert, Foynes, Loghill, Labasheeda, Glin, Knock, Tarbert, Killimer, Kilrush, Moyasta, Carrigaholt and Beal. Dowra is a small village in the north-west of County Cavan. ... Carrick-on-Shannon (Irish: Cora Droma Rúisc) is situated in County Leitrim in the Republic of Ireland on the County Roscommon border. ... There are several other Irish settlements named Roosky, in Roscommon, Mayo and Donegal. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... View from west bank of river Shannonbridge (Irish: Droichead na Sionainne) is a town with a population of around 600, located on the River Shannon in County Clare in Ireland, some 10 km south of Clonmacnoise. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ... Meelick is a townland on the River Shannon in Ireland. ... Portumna (Port Omna in Irish - meaning port of the oak) is a town in County Galway, Ireland, on the border with County North Tipperary. ... Mountshannon (Irish: Baile Uí Bhealáin) is a village in east County Clare, Ireland. ... Categories: Ireland-place stubs ... Killaloe is a town in east County Clare, Republic of Ireland, situated in the midwest of Ireland. ... Ballina is a town that lies on the River Shannon in County Tipperary, Ireland. ... OBriensbridge, County Clare OBriensbridge (Droichead Uí Bhriain in Irish) is a village in east County Clare, Ireland, on the west bank of the River Shannon. ... OBriensbridge, County Clare OBriensbridge (Droichead Uí Bhriain in Irish) is a village in east County Clare, Ireland, on the west bank of the River Shannon. ... Castleconnell Railway Station Castleconnell (Caisleán Uí Chonaill in Irish) is a scenic village on the banks of the River Shannon, about 11 km (7 miles) from Limerick city and within a few minutes walk to counties Clare and Tipperary. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... Shannon Town or Shannon (Irish: An tSionna) is located in County Clare and is the only new town in the Republic of Ireland. ... Ballynacally is a village located in County Clare, Ireland situated on the banks of the River Fergus, ten miles from Ennis and five miles from Killadysert. ... Killadysert (Irish: Cill an Disirt) is a village in south County Clare, Ireland. ... Foynes (Faing in Irish) is a small town and major port in County Limerick in the midwest of Ireland, located at the edge of hilly land on the southern bank of the Shannon Estuary. ... Aerial Photo of Tarbert Looking North Tarbert is a village in the north of County Kerry. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 52. ... Carrigaholt is a small fishing village in County Clare, Ireland. ... In demonology Berith is a Great Duke of Hell, powerful and terrible, and has twenty_six legions of demons under his command. ...


History

The river began flowing along its present course after the end of the Ice Age. Vikings settled in the region in 10th century and used the river to raid the rich monasteries deep inland. In 937 the Limerick Vikings clashed with those of Dublin on Lough Ree and were defeated. Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The name Viking is a loan from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse seafaring warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, Europe and the British Isles from the late 8th century to the 11th century, the period of European history referred to as the Viking Age. ... WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: 53. ...


In the seventeenth century, the Shannon was of major strategic importance in military campaign in Ireland, as it formed a physical boundary between the east and west of the country. In the Irish Confederate Wars of 1641-53, the Irish retreated behind the Shannon in 1650 and held out for two further years against English Parliamentarian forces. In preparing a land settlement, or plantation after his conquest of Ireland Oliver Cromwell reputedly said the remaining Irish landowners would go to "Hell or Connaught", referring to their choice of forced migration across the river, or death. The Irish Confederate Wars were fought in Ireland between 1641 and 1653. ... The Act for the Settlement of Ireland 1662 was passed by the Long Parliament, who had taken power in England after the English Civil War, after the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, itself in response to the Irish Rebellion of 1641. ... Plantations in 16th and 17th century Ireland involved the seizure of land owned by the native Irish and granting of it to colonists (planters) from Britain. ... Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - December 1650) Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde (December 1650-April 1653) Oliver Cromwell (1649-May 1650) Henry Ireton (May 1650-November 1651) Charles... Oliver Cromwell (April 25, 1599–September 3, 1658) was an English military and political leader best known for making England a republic and leading the Commonwealth of England. ...


In the Williamite war in Ireland (1689-91), the Jacobites also retreated behind the Shannon after their defeat at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690. Athlone and Limerick, cities commanding bridges over the river, saw bloody sieges. (See Sieges of Limerick and Siege of Athlone). For the context of this war see Jacobitism and Glorious Revolution. ... This article is not about the Jacobite Orthodox Church, nor is it about Jacobinism or the earlier Jacobean period. ... Combatants Jacobite Forces -6000 French troops, 19,000 Irish Catholic troops Williamite Forces -English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish, Huguenot and Ulster Protestant troops Commanders James VII and II William III of England Strength 25,000 36,000 Casualties ~1,500 ~750 William III (William of Orange) King of England, Scotland and... The city of Limerick in south-western Ireland was besieged several times in the 17th century, first during the Irish Confederate Wars of the 1640s and’50s again in the Williamite war in Ireland. ... Athlone in central Ireland, was besieged twice during the Williamite war in Ireland (1689-91). ...


As late as 1916, the leaders of the Easter Rising planned to have their forces in the west "hold the line of the Shannon". However, in the event, the rebels were neither well enough armed nor equipped to attempt such an ambitious policy. Combatants Irish Volunteers, Irish Citizen Army, Irish Republican Brotherhood British Army Royal Irish Constabulary Commanders Patrick Pearse, James Connolly Brigadier-General Lowe General Sir John Maxwell Strength 1250 in Dublin, c. ...


Economics

Despite being more than 300 km (200 miles) long, it rises only 76 m (250 feet) above sea level, so the river is easily navigable, with only a few locks along its length. There is a hydroelectric generation plant at Ardnacrusha belonging to the ESB. Ardnacrusha, originally The Shannon Scheme, is Irelands largest river hydroelectric scheme and is operated on the River Shannon near Limerick City, Ireland. ... The Electricity Supply Board (ESB) (Bord Soláthair an Leictreachais in Irish), sometimes called ESB Ireland to differentiate it from US utilities, is responsible for generating and transmitting most of the electricity in the Republic of Ireland. ...


Shipping in Shannon estuary was developed extensively during 1980's, with over £2 billion (2.5Billion) investment. A tanker terminal at Foynes and an oil jetty at Shannon Airport were built. In 1982 a large scale Alumina Extraction Plant was built at Aughinish. 60,000 tonne cargo vessels now carry raw bauxite from West African mines to the plant, where it is refined to Alumina. This is then exported to Canada where it is further refined to Aluminium. 1985 saw the opening of a huge coal-fired electricity plant at Moneypoint, fed by regular visits by 150,000 tonne bulk carriers. ISO 4217 Code IEP User(s) Ireland ERM Since 13 March 1979 Fixed rate since 31 December 1998 Replaced by €, non cash 1 January 1999 Replaced by €, cash 1 January 2002 € = £0. ... “EUR” redirects here. ... Foynes (Faing in Irish) is a small town and major port in County Limerick in the midwest of Ireland, located at the edge of hilly land on the southern bank of the Shannon Estuary. ... Shannon Airport (IATA: SNN, ICAO: EINN), or Aerfort na Sionna in Irish, 3. ... Aluminium oxide (or aluminum oxide) (Al2O3) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen. ... Evening time on Aughinish (Photo by Lara OConnell, 2004) Aughinish is a small island located in north county Clare, in Ireland (53. ... Bauxite with penny Bauxite with core of unweathered rock Bauxite is an aluminium ore. ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Standard atomic weight 26. ...


References

See also

Shannon Airport (IATA Airport Code; SNN, ICAO Airport Code; EINN) is Irelands main transatlantic airport. ... Shannon Town or Shannon (Irish: An tSionna) is located in County Clare and is the only new town in the Republic of Ireland. ... Combatants English Royalists and Irish Catholic Confederate troops English Parliamentarian New Model Army troops and allied Protestants in Ireland Commanders James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde (1649 - December 1650) Ulick Burke, Earl of Clanricarde (December 1650-April 1653) Oliver Cromwell (1649-May 1650) Henry Ireton (May 1650-November 1651) Charles... Shannon Rugby Football Club is an amateur rugby union team from Ireland, they hail from Limerick near the banks of the Shannon river. ...

External links

  • Information, maps etc. on The Shannon Navigation (from Inland Waterways Association of Ireland)
  • River Shannon


Rivers of Ireland
Flowing north: Foyle | Bann | Bush | Quoile | Clanrye
Flowing to the Irish Sea: Fane | Boyne | Liffey | Avoca | Slaney | Lagan
Flowing south: Awbeg | The Three Sisters (Barrow, Nore, Suir) | Blackwater | Lee | Bandon
Flowing to the Atlantic: Shannon | Feale | Swilly | Corrib | Erne | Moy

Major tributaries of the Shannon: Deel | Brosna | Inny | Suck | Maigue
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Shannon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (215 words)
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River Shannon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (440 words)
The River Shannon (Irish: Sionainn), Ireland's longest river, divides the West of Ireland (mostly the province of Connaught) from the east and south (Leinster and most of Munster).
Vikings settled in the region in 10th century and used the river to raid the rich monasteries deep inland.
The Shannon is the longest river in the British Isles.
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