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Encyclopedia > River Phoenix
River Phoenix

Phoenix at the 61st Academy Awards Governor's House, March 29, 1989
Born River Jude Bottom
August 23, 1970(1970-08-23)
Metolius, Oregon, USA
Died October 31, 1993 (aged 23)
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
Years active 1982 — 1993

River Jude Phoenix (August 23, 1970October 31, 1993) was an Academy Award- and Golden Globe-nominated American film actor. He was listed on John Willis's Screen World, Vol. 38 as one of twelve "promising new actors of 1986", and was hailed as highly talented by such critics as Roger Ebert and Gene Siskel. His career was cut short, however, when he died of an overdose of heroin and cocaine (also known as a speedball) on Halloween morning 1993 at age 23. He was the older brother of actor Joaquin Phoenix. Image File history File links A screenshot of River Phoenix in his best known film My Own Private Idaho (1991). ... The 61st Academy Awards were presented March 29, 1989 at the Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Metolius is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Hollywood redirects here. ... The National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the annual film awards given by the National Board of Review of Motion Pictures. ... Running on Empty is the fifth album by American singer/songwriter Jackson Browne, released in 1977 (see 1977 in music). ... The National Society of Film Critics Award for Best Actor is an annual award given by the National Society of Film Critics to honour the best leading actor of the year. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... Eugene Gene Kal Siskel (January 26, 1946 – February 20, 1999) was one of the worlds most successful film critics. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from morphine, a derivative of the opium poppy. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... Speedballing is a term commonly referring to the intravenous use of heroin (or morphine) and cocaine together in the same needle. ... Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (pronounced wah-KEEN FEE-nix;[1] born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Phoenix was born River Jude Bottom in Metolius, Oregon, five miles (8 km) south of Madras, Oregon. His mother, Arlyn Sharon (née Dunetz), was born in the Bronx, New York to Jewish parents from Hungary and Russia.[1][2][3][4] His father, John Lee Bottom, was a lapsed Catholic from Fontana, California.[1] In 1968, Phoenix's mother left her family and moved to California, meeting Phoenix's father while hitch-hiking. They married in 1969 and joined the religious cult the Children of God, working as missionaries and fruit pickers in South America. Phoenix had four younger siblings: one brother, Joaquin, and three sisters, Rain, Summer, and Liberty. He also had an older half sister from his father's previous relationship, Jodene (who later changed her name to 'Trust'). Metolius is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Madras (pronounced MAD-res) is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. ... Arlyn Sharon Phoenix (born December 31, 1944), commonly known as Heart Phoenix, is the mother of acclaimed performers River Phoenix , Rain Phoenix, Joaquin Phoenix, Liberty Phoenix , and Summer Phoenix. ... Née redirects here. ... Bronx redirects here. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses, see Jew (disambiguation). ... The term lapsed Catholic describes a person raised as a Roman Catholic who no longer practices the religion. ... Location of Fontana in California Coordinates: , Country State County San Bernardino Incorporated (city) 1952-06-25 [2] Government  - Mayor Mark Nuaimi [1] Area  - City  36. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Children of God (COG), later known as the Family of Love, the Family, and now the Family International (TFI), is a new religious movement, widely referred to as a cult by the media and some government organizations, that started in 1968 in Huntington Beach, California, United States. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (pronounced wah-KEEN FEE-nix;[1] born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ... Rain Joan of Arc Phoenix, a. ... Summer Joy Phoenix (born 10 December 1978 in Winter Park, Florida) is an American actress and model. ...


In an interview with Details magazine in November 1991, Phoenix stated that he lost his virginity at age four while in the Children of God. The magazine quotes him as saying "But I've blocked it out... I was completely celibate from 10 to 14".[5] His representatives reportedly pressured him to later recant the comment, claiming it was "a joke". In March 1994, Esquire magazine quoted River as speaking angrily of the group: "They're disgusting... they're ruining people's lives".[6] After the family left the group and returned to the United States in 1977, they officially adopted the surname "Phoenix" on April 2, 1979 to reflect their rebirth to a new life. Cover of an issue of Details magazine Details, a monthly mens magazine, is published by Condé Nast Publications. ... The Children of God (COG), later known as the Family of Love, the Family, and now the Family International (TFI), is a new religious movement, widely referred to as a cult by the media and some government organizations, that started in 1968 in Huntington Beach, California, United States. ... August 2005 issue of Esquire Esquire is a mens magazine by the Hearst Corporation. ...


Phoenix grew up in abject poverty; he and his sister provided income for the family singing on the streets of Caracas, Venezuela whilst his parents were missionaries. Upon their return to the U.S.A in 1978, he and his family lived for a time with Phoenix's maternal grandparents in Florida before moving to California and eventually settling back in Florida in 1987. Nickname: Motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Career

Phoenix pursued a career in show business, encouraged by his parents. He had significant juvenile roles in Joe Dante's Explorers (1985); Rob Reiner's coming of age picture Stand By Me(1986) which first brought Phoenix to public prominence; Peter Weir's The Mosquito Coast (1986) where Phoenix played the son of Harrison Ford and Helen Mirren; A Night in the Life of Jimmy Reardon (1988); and Little Nikita (1988) with Sidney Poitier. Joe Dante (born November 28, 1946 in Morristown, New Jersey) is an American film director and producer of films generally with humorous and scifi content. ... Explorers is a 1985 science fiction, fantasy film targeted at a family audience. ... Robert Rob Reiner (born March 6, 1945) is an American actor, director, producer, writer, childrens advocate and political activist. ... For other uses, see Stand by Me. ... Peter Lindsay Weir (born August 21, 1944) is an Australian film director. ... The Mosquito Coast is a 1986 film, directed by Peter Weir and starring Harrison Ford and Helen Mirren. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... Dame Helen Mirren, DBE (born July 26, 1945), is an English stage, television and film actress. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Little Nikita is a 1988 film featuring River Phoenix and Sidney Poitier. ... Not to be confused with Sydney Tamiia Poitier. ...


In 1989, at the age of 18, Phoenix was nominated for an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor (as well as for a Golden Globe) and received the Best Supporting Actor honor from the National Board of Review for his role in Sidney Lumet's Running on Empty (1988), considered by critics to be one of River Phoenix's finest films. Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is one of the awards given to male actors working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, just 13 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George McClennans revocation of moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908. ... Portrait of Sidney Lumet, May 7, 1939. ... For the 1982 Australian film, see Running On Empty (Australian film). ...

River Phoenix as young Indiana Jones in the 1989 movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.
River Phoenix as young Indiana Jones in the 1989 movie Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade.

At the suggestion of Harrison Ford, Phoenix portrayed the teenage Indiana Jones in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade (1989) and was offered the role of the young Indiana Jones in the upcoming TV series, which he turned down. Phoenix met actor Keanu Reeves while Reeves was filming Parenthood with his brother, Joaquin. Phoenix later went on to star opposite Reeves (along with Kevin Kline and Tracy Ullman) in 1990's I Love You To Death and again in Gus Van Sant's avant-garde film My Own Private Idaho for which Phoenix won Best Actor honors at the Venice Film Festival, the National Society of Film Critics and the Independent Spirit Awards; the film solidifying Phoenix's image as an actor with edgy, leading man potential. At a press screening for My Own Private Idaho at the New York Film Festival Phoenix correctly predicted a large number of gay-themed films were "on the horizon".[7] (His friendship with both Reeves and Van Sant continued until his death). Just prior to My Own Private Idaho, he filmed an acclaimed independent picture called Dogfight co-starring Lili Taylor and directed by Nancy Savoca, in which Phoenix portrayed a young U.S. Marine on the night prior to his being shipped off to Vietnam in November 1963. Image File history File links Indiana_Jones_and_the_Cross_of_Coronado. ... Image File history File links Indiana_Jones_and_the_Cross_of_Coronado. ... This article is about the fictional character. ... This article is about the film. ... For the silent film actor, see Harrison Ford (silent film actor). ... This article is about the fictional character. ... This article is about the film. ... Keanu Charles Reeves (pronounced ; born September 2, 1964) is a Canadian actor. ... This article is about the film Parenthood. ... Kevin Delaney Kline (born October 24, 1947) is an Academy Award- and Tony Award-winning American stage and film actor. ... Tracey Ullman (born December 30, 1959) is a British comedienne, actress, and singer who is most famous for being the host of a variety television show bearing her name. ... DVD case cover for I Love You to Death I Love You to Death is a 1990 crime/comedy film, directed by Lawrence Kasdan. ... Gus Green Van Sant, Jr. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... The National Society of Film Critics or NSFC is an American film critic organization. ... Founded in 1984, the Independent Spirit Awards were originally known as the FINDIE (Friends of Independents) Awards and presented winners with Plexiglas pyramids containing suspended shoestrings representing the paltry budgets of independent films. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... The New York Film Festival is the one of the United Statess most prestigious film festivals, first held in 1962 in New York. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... Dogfight (1991) is a film set in San Francisco, California, during the Vietnam War (1963 – 1974), and stars River Phoenix and Lili Taylor. ... Lili Anne Taylor (born February 20, 1967) is an American theater, film and television actress. ... Nancy Savoca (July 23, 1959), is an American film screenwriter, director, and producer. ...


After losing out on the Brad Pitt role in Robert Redford's film A River Runs Through It, Phoenix teamed up with Redford and again with Sidney Poitier for the heist thriller Sneakers (1992). He then appeared in Peter Bogdanovich's country music-themed film, The Thing Called Love (1993); it was his last completed picture before his death. Phoenix's co-star in the film, Samantha Mathis, became his girlfriend in real life. William Bradley Brad Pitt (born December 18, 1963) is an Academy award-nominated American actor, film producer, and social activist. ... Robert Redford (born August 18, 1936)[1] is an Academy Award-winning American motion picture director, actor, producer, businessman, model, environmentalist and philanthropist. ... A River Runs Through It is a 1992 American film directed by Robert Redford and starring Brad Pitt, Craig Sheffer, Tom Skerritt, Brenda Blethyn, and Emily Lloyd. ... Not to be confused with Sydney Tamiia Poitier. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... Peter Bogdanovich Serbian Cyrillic Петар Богдановић (born July 30, 1939) is a Serbian-American film director, writer and actor. ... The Thing Called Love is a Peter Bogdanovich movie released in 1993. ... Samantha Mathis (born May 12, 1970) is an American actress. ...


After his death in 1993, his last picture, Sam Shepard's art-house, ghost western Silent Tongue (1994), was released; it had been filmed prior to The Thing Called Love. Phoenix was still working on George Sluizer's post-apocalyptic Dark Blood which was three weeks from completion at the time of his death. 90% completed, the film was never released, as Phoenix's death made it impossible for the filmmakers to film several key scenes. Sam Shepard (born November 5, 1943) is a unique American artist whose talents have been expressed in many different areas. ... Silent Tongue is a Western written and directed by Sam Shepard. ... The Thing Called Love is a Peter Bogdanovich movie released in 1993. ... George Sluizer (born June 25, 1932 in Paris, France) is a Dutch filmmaker. ... Dark Blood is a film which remained unfinished due to the death of River Phoenix. ...


Phoenix was being considered for the role of Jim Carroll, the drug addicted teen in the 1995 drama The Basketball Diaries and Arthur Rimbaud in Total Eclipse. After his death, Leonardo DiCaprio was cast in both roles. Author Anne Rice had also wanted Phoenix cast in the role of Lestat in the film version of Interview with the Vampire and Phoenix became attached to the project; however, when the producer wanted a more consistently bankable actor for the part, Tom Cruise was hired (against Rice's initial outrage). Phoenix remained with the picture and was to appear as the interviewer, Daniel Malloy, a role that ultimately ended up going to Christian Slater following Phoenix's death. The film was dedicated to him and Slater donated his salary from the film to Phoenix's favorite charities. Jim Carroll in 2007. ... The Basketball Diaries is a 1995 film based on the book of the same name by Jim Carroll. ... Rimbaud redirects here. ... For the 1995 film, see Total Eclipse (film). ... Leonardo Wilhelm DiCaprio (born November 11, 1974[1]) is a three-time Academy Award-nominated, SAG Award-nominated and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor who garnered world wide fame for his role as Jack Dawson in Titanic (1997). ... Anne Rice (born on October 4, 1941) is a best-selling American author of gothic and later religious themed books. ... Interview with the Vampire is a vampire novel by Anne Rice written in 1973 and published in 1976. ... Tom Cruise (born Thomas Cruise Mapother IV on July 3, 1962) is an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe Award-winning American actor and film producer. ... Christian Slater(born August 18, 1969) is an American actor. ...


Generally regarded by critics at the time as the most promising young actor on the cusp of the '80s and '90s, River and younger brother Joaquin would later go on to become the first brothers in Hollywood history to be nominated for an Oscar in the acting categories.


Music

Although Phoenix's movie career was generating most of the income for his family, many believe that his true passion was music. Phoenix was a singer, song writer and an accomplished guitarist. He formed his own band, Aleka's Attic, which included his sister Rain, and, on occasion, Michael "Flea" Balzary of the Red Hot Chili Peppers in 1988. Phoenix's first released track was 'Across the Way', co-written with bandmate Josh McKay, which was released in 1989 on a benefit album for PETA entitled "Tame Yourself". Whilst working on A Night in the Life of Jimmy Reardon in 1986 Phoenix had written and recorded a song, "Heart To Get", specifically for the end credits of the movie. 20th Century Fox cut it from the completed film, but director William Richert put it back into place for his director's cut some years later. In 1991 River wrote and recorded a spoken word piece called "Curi Curi" for Milton Nascimento's album TXAI. Also in 1991 the Aleka's Attic track "Too Many Colors" was lent to the soundtrack of Gus Van Sant's My Own Private Idaho a film which included Phoenix in a starring role. In 1992 River worked with producer and friend T-Bone Burnett on some songs for his final completed film The Thing Called Love. Phoenix performed all his character's songs himself and wrote the song "Lone Star State Of Mine" especially for the movie. In 1996 a second Aleka's Attic track was released, "Note To A Friend" was included on a PETA compilation album In Defense Of Animals Volume II. He appeared on Red Hot Chili Peppers' guitarist and close friend John Frusciante's second solo album Smile From the Streets You Hold on the songs "Height Down" and "Well, I've Been". Phoenix was also close friends with Michael Stipe of the band R.E.M.. At the time of his death Phoenix had been working on an album with Aleka's Attic (then consisting of a different line-up). The album, although close to completion, was shelved after Phoenix's death due to three of the musicians declining to sign artistic release forms to this day. Alekas Attic was a rock band that included actor River Phoenix as the singer and guitarist, as well as his sister Rain. ... Michael Balzary, better known as Flea from Red Hot Chili Peppers Flea (born Michael Peter Balzary on October 16, 1962 in Burwood, a suburb of Melbourne, Australia) is the bassist for the alternative rock/funk rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers, and is a regular session musician as well as... The Red Hot Chili Peppers are a Grammy-award winning American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1983. ... Peta can refer to: Peta (prefix), a prefix meaning times 1015 in the International System of Units People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), an animal-rights organization People Eating Tasty Animals, a parody of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Peta, Greece, a town in the prefecture... Alekas Attic was a rock band that included actor River Phoenix as the singer and guitarist, as well as his sister Rain. ... [[]] The True False Identity, 2006. ... Alekas Attic was a rock band that included actor River Phoenix as the singer and guitarist, as well as his sister Rain. ... John Anthony Frusciante (IPA pronunciation: ) (born March 5, 1970) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... Smile from the Streets You Hold is a solo album by John Frusciante, the current guitarist for the Red Hot Chili Peppers, although he was not performing with the band at the time of the recording. ... REDIRECT Template:Infobox Musician John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960 in Decatur, Georgia) is the lead singer of the American rock band R.E.M. Stipe has become well-known (and occasionally parodied) for the mumbling style of his early career and for his complex, surreal lyrics, as well... R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ...


Activism

Phoenix was a vegan from the age of 7 and a dedicated animal rights activist. He campaigned for PETA and won their Humanitarian of the Year award in 1990 for his fund-raising efforts. He also supported various environmental charities and bought 800 acres (3.2 km²) of endangered rainforest in Costa Rica. Phoenix was well known for using his power within the media to voice his beliefs. For Earth Day 1990, Phoenix wrote an environmental awareness essay entitled "We Are the World" that was printed in Seventeen magazine. Phoenix also denounced the use of all animal by-products and refused to wear leather or fur in any of his films or television work throughout his career. He and his band often played environmental benefits for well known charities and also that of local ones around Gainesville, Florida. His brother Joaquin is now a prominent spokesperson for PETA and follows the Phoenix family tradition of boycotting all animal products in his film work. Hens kept in cramped conditions — the avoidance of animal suffering is the primary motivation of people who become vegans A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. ... A man holds a monkey by a rope around her neck, a scene epitomizing the idea of animal ownership. ... Peta can refer to: Peta (prefix), a prefix meaning times 1015 in the International System of Units People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), an animal-rights organization People Eating Tasty Animals, a parody of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Peta, Greece, a town in the prefecture... Seventeen can be 17 the number, 17 (number) Historical years: 17 A.D., 17 B.C., or 1917 Part of a swear word in Swedish. ... Gainesville is the name of several places in the United States of America: Gainesville, Alabama Gainesville, Florida - the largest Gainesville in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (pronounced wah-KEEN FEE-nix;[1] born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ... Peta can refer to: Peta (prefix), a prefix meaning times 1015 in the International System of Units People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), an animal-rights organization People Eating Tasty Animals, a parody of People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals Peta, Greece, a town in the prefecture...


Downfall

Phoenix once said in an interview, "I wish sometimes that I wasn't as conscious as I am."[8]


Prone to spells of worsening depression and compulsivity, River hinted in interviews at having been abused by the members of the Children of God, an oft-investigated cult to which he had belonged as a small child. Although the details of the alleged mistreatment remain unclear, it has been strongly suggested that the experience played a key role in his descent into substance abuse towards the end of his life. The Children of God (COG), later known as the Family of Love, the Family, and now the Family International (TFI), is a new religious movement, widely referred to as a cult by the media and some government organizations, that started in 1968 in Huntington Beach, California, United States. ...


Prior to his death, River Phoenix's image — one he bemoaned in interviews — had been squeaky-clean, due in part to the public discussion of his various social, political, humanitarian and dietary interests not always popular in the '80s; as a result, his death was considered one of show-business's most shocking and tragic, and elicited a vast amount of coverage from the media at the time. Friends and family were silent for many years on the subject of their fallen loved-one, and most remain silent even to this day.


Shortly before his 1993 demise, Phoenix, whose extracurricular activities were still unknown to the public, said in an interview, "...drugs aren't just done by bad guys and sleaze-bags; it's a universal disease".[9] [10]


Fans and film critics alike have often noted the uncanny parallels to his highly unusual life story — and moments seemingly prophetic of his death — reflected in his motion pictures.


Death

On October 31, 1993, Phoenix died at the age of 23 from a drug overdose of heroin and cocaine (known as a speedball) outside the Viper Room, a Hollywood night club partially owned by actor Johnny Depp until 2004. On the night of Phoenix's death, following a last minute refusal to perform music on stage, he was in the bathroom taking drugs with various friends and dealers.[11] It is reported that an acquaintance offered him some Persian Brown (a powerful form of methamphetamine mixed with opiates, which is then snorted) and soon after consuming the drug he became ill.[11] Upon leaving The Viper Room, he collapsed onto the sidewalk and began convulsing for eight minutes. His brother Joaquin, sister Rain and actress Samantha Mathis were at the scene. Joaquin dialed 911; during the call Joaquin was unable to determine whether River was breathing. Phoenix had, in fact, already stopped breathing. Paramedics arrived on the scene and found Phoenix in asystole (flat line), when they administered drugs in an attempt to restart his heart. He was rushed to the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center via an ambulance. Further attempts to resuscitate Phoenix (including the insertion of a pacemaker) were unsuccessful. He was pronounced dead at 1:51 a.m. PST on the morning of October 31, 1993.[12] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1624 × 1080 pixel, file size: 415 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Viper Room, 8852 W Sunset Blvd, West Hollywood, CA. Photograph by Mike Dillon, May 10, 2006. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1624 × 1080 pixel, file size: 415 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Viper Room, 8852 W Sunset Blvd, West Hollywood, CA. Photograph by Mike Dillon, May 10, 2006. ... The Viper Room The Viper Room is a nightclub located along the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... A drug overdose occurs when a chemical substance (i. ... Heroin (INN: diacetylmorphine, BAN: diamorphine) is a semi-synthetic opioid synthesized from morphine, a derivative of the opium poppy. ... For other uses, see Cocaine (disambiguation). ... Speedballing is a term commonly referring to the intravenous use of heroin (or morphine) and cocaine together in the same needle. ... The Viper Room The Viper Room is a nightclub located along the Sunset Strip in West Hollywood, California. ... ... A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. ... John Christopher Depp II[1] (born June 9, 1963) is an American actor, best known for his frequent portrayals of offbeat and eccentric characters such as Jack Sparrow in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy and the titular character of Tim Burtons Edward Scissorhands. ... This article is about the psychostimulant, d-methamphetamine. ... For other uses see Opiate (disambiguation), or for the class of drugs see Opioid. ... Insufflation (Latin insufflatio blowing on or into) is the practice of inhaling substances into a body cavity. ... This article is about epileptic seizures. ... Samantha Mathis (born May 12, 1970) is an American actress. ... This article is about the emergency telephone number. ... In medicine, asystole is a state of no cardiac electrical activity, hence no contractions of the myocardium and no cardiac output or blood flow. ... Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is a hospital located in Los Angeles, California. ... A pacemaker, scale in centimeters A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the hearts natural pacemaker) is a medical device which uses electrical impulses, delivered by electrodes contacting the heart muscles, to regulate the beating of the heart. ... The Pacific Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Tributes and references in music and pop culture

River Phoenix first gained references in music with Brazilian singer Milton Nascimento writing the song "River Phoenix: Letter to a Young Actor" about him after having seen Phoenix in The Mosquito Coast. The song appears on the 1989 release Miltons. Phoenix's friends the Red Hot Chili Peppers wrote a few lines for him in the song "Give It Away" from the 1991 album Blood Sugar Sex Magik: "There's a River born to be a giver, keep you warm won't let you shiver, his heart is never gonna wither..." Milton Nascimento (born 26 October 1942) is a singer-songwriter who is considered one of the icons of Brazilian Music. ... The Red Hot Chili Peppers are a Grammy-award winning American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1983. ... Give It Away is a song by the Red Hot Chili Peppers released in 1991 on the album Blood Sugar Sex Magik. ... Singles from Blood Sugar Sex Magik Released: 1991 Released: 1991 Released: 1992 Released: 1992 Released: 1993 Blood Sugar Sex Magik is the fifth studio album by American alternative rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers, released on September 24, 1991. ...


Due to his untimely death, Phoenix has been the subject of numerous tributes in song and other media. The band R.E.M. dedicated their album Monster to Phoenix, and their song "E-Bow the Letter" from 1996's New Adventures in Hi-Fi is said to have been written from a letter Michael Stipe wrote to Phoenix but never sent because of the actor's death. Musician Sam Phillips has the dedication "For River" on her album Martinis & Bikinis. Again, Red Hot Chili Peppers, paid tribute with the song "Transcending" on 1995's One Hot Minute being written about him. Other songs inspired by Phoenix include Dana Lyons' "Song For River Phoenix (If I Had Known)," Grant Lee Buffalo's "Halloween," Natalie Merchant's "River" for her 1995 album Tigerlily, Ellis Paul's song "River," found on his 1994 release Stories,[13], Rufus Wainwright's "Matinee Idol", Nada Surf's "River Phoenix" and Stereophonics's "Chris Chambers". In her 1996 album Woman & A Man, Belinda Carlisle referenced River in the song "California". The song opens and closes with the line "I remember I was in a tanning salon, when I heard that River Phoenix was gone". In Beyonce's album, B'day, the lyrics of "Welcome to Hollywood" list him as one of the many fatalities of the pressures of Hollywood. In 2004 Chrys Chambers realised a song called "River" over the internet. New York band Japanther featured a song on their album Skuffed up my Huffy (2008) entitled "River Phoenix," which is about certain events in his life and delivers the chorus "River Phoenix didn't mean it" R.E.M. is an American rock band formed in Athens, Georgia in 1980 by Bill Berry (drums), Peter Buck (guitar), Mike Mills (bass guitar), and Michael Stipe (vocals). ... Monster is R.E.M.s ninth album, and their fourth major label release for Warner Bros. ... E-Bow the Letter was the first single from R.E.M.s tenth studio album New Adventures in Hi-Fi. ... New Adventures in Hi-Fi is R.E.M.s tenth album, and their fifth major label release for Warner Bros. ... REDIRECT Template:Infobox Musician John Michael Stipe (born January 4, 1960 in Decatur, Georgia) is the lead singer of the American rock band R.E.M. Stipe has become well-known (and occasionally parodied) for the mumbling style of his early career and for his complex, surreal lyrics, as well... Leslie Ann Phillips, aka Sam Phillips, (born January 28, 1962) is an American singer and a songwriter. ... The Red Hot Chili Peppers are a Grammy-award winning American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California, in 1983. ... Singles from One Hot Minute Released: 1995 Released: 1995 Released: 1996 Released: 1996 Released: 1996 One Hot Minute is the sixth album by American alternative rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers, released on September 12, 1995 on Warner Bros. ... Dana Lyons is a folk music and alternative rock musician from Olympia, Washington. ... Grant Lee Buffalo was a Los Angeles-based rock band, consisting of Grant-Lee Phillips (vocals and guitar), Paul Kimble (bass) and Joey Peters (drums). ... Natalie Anne OShea Merchant (born October 26, 1963 in Jamestown, New York, U.S.) is a professional musician. ... Tigerlily is an album by singer-songwriter Natalie Merchant, released on June 20, 1995 (see 1995 in music). ... Ellis Paul (born January 14, 1965) is an American singer-songwriter and folk musician. ... Rufus McGarrigle Wainwright (born July 22, 1973) is a Canadian-American singer-songwriter. ... Nada Surf is an American alternative rock / indie rock group formed in 1992. ... Stereophonics are a rock band from Wales with members Kelly Jones, Richard Jones (no relation to Kelly) and Javier Weyler. ... Belinda Carlisle (born Belinda Josephine Kurczeski on August 17, 1958 in Hollywood, California) is the lead vocalist and a founding member of the all-female New Wave band Go-Gos as well as a successful solo artist. ... This article is about the Beyoncé album; for other uses, see Birthday (disambiguation) Alternate cover Deluxe edition cover BDay is the second solo studio album by American R&B singer Beyoncé. Columbia Records, in collaboration with Music World Music and Sony Urban Music, released it worldwide on September 4... Japanther performing at The Farmhouse in 2005. ...


Gus Van Sant, with whom Phoenix worked in the film My Own Private Idaho, dedicated his 1994 movie Even Cowgirls Get The Blues as well as his 1998 novel Pink to him. The film Phoenix was due to start shooting shortly after his death, Interview With The Vampire, features the dedication "In memory of River Phoenix, 1970-1993" at the end. Experimental Santa Cruz filmmaker Cam Archer also produced a documentary called Drowning River Phoenix as part of his USA Fame series. Gus Green Van Sant, Jr. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... Interview with the Vampire is a vampire novel by Anne Rice written in 1973 and published in 1976. ... Santa Cruz, Spanish and Portuguese for Holy Cross, is the name of several cities, regions, and other geographical features around the world: Argentina Puerto Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz province Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Bolivia Santa Cruz de la Sierra Santa Cruz Department Brazil Santa Cruz, Espírito Santo Santa Cruz... Cam Archer (b. ...


During performances on November 13[14] and November 15, 1993[15], February 12, 1994,[16] and one of Nirvana's last USA shows in Seattle on January 7, 1994.[17] Kurt Cobain of Nirvana dedicated the song "Jesus Don't Want Me For a Sunbeam" to Phoenix (among other celebrities who died young), just a few months before Cobain died himself. Tom Petty dedicated "Ballad of Easy Rider" to Phoenix when he played he and Phoenix's hometown of Gainesville, Florida in November 1993. is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... This article is about the American grunge band. ... is the 7th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – c. ... Thomas Earl Tom Petty (born October 20, 1950) is a singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Gainesville is the name of several places in the United States of America: Gainesville, Alabama Gainesville, Florida - the largest Gainesville in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ...


Phoenix was also the subject of a controversial song by Australian group TISM. Titled "(He'll Never Be An) Ol' Man River" the single originally featured a mock-up of River Phoenix' tombstone as its cover art in 1995. The chorus features the line, "I'm on the drug that killed River Phoenix". TISM (an acronym of This Is Serious Mum) is a seven piece anonymous alternative rock band from Melbourne, Australia. ... (Hell Never Be An) Ol Man River was the first single to be released off Machiavelli and the Four Seasons (1995) by Australian alternative rock band TISM. The title never appears in the song, and due to this it is commonly, though incorrectly, referred to as Im On...


In the 1997 musical, The Fix, Phoenix is alluded to in the song "Mistress of Deception" in the lines, "Hot young actor died last night at an L.A. club./ecstasy and booze/and too much nyquil./had the sweetest face,/warm and shy and innocent; sexy in that careless kinda way./the newsman said his heart just stopped like that...." The Fix is an American political weblog written daily by Chris Cillizza for The Washington Post website. ...


The scene of River Phoenix's death merits several mentions in William Gibsons book Spook Country. For other persons named William Gibson, see William Gibson (disambiguation). ... Spook Country is a novel by William Gibson, released on August 2, 2007 in the UK and on August 7, 2007 in the US by publisher Penguin Putnam. ...


Phoenix was more recently voted number 69 in a poll of the 100 greatest movie stars of all time. The poll, by channel 4 television in the UK, was wholly voted for by prominent figures of the acting and directing communities. This article is about the British television station. ...


Filmography

Year Title Role Awards & Nominations
1985 Explorers Wolfgang Müller Won: Young Artist Award: Exceptional performance by a young actor
1986 Stand by Me Chris Chambers Won: Young Artist Award: Jackie Coogan Award ( shared with Corey Feldman, Wil Wheaton and Jerry O'Connell)
The Mosquito Coast Charlie Fox Won: Young Artist Award: Best Young Male in a motion picture
1988 A Night in the Life of Jimmy Reardon Jimmy Reardon
Little Nikita Jeff Grant
Running on Empty Danny Pope/Michael Manfield Nominated: Academy Award: Best Supporting Actor
Nominated: Golden Globe: Best Supporting Actor
Won: National Board of Review, Best Supporting Actor
1989 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Young Indy
1990 I Love You to Death Devo Nod
1991 My Own Private Idaho Mike Waters Won: Venice Film Festival: Volpi Cup, Best Actor
Won: National Society of Film Critics: Best Actor
Won: Independent Spirit Award: Best Actor
Dogfight Eddie Birdlace
1992 Sneakers Carl Arbegast
1993 The Thing Called Love James Wright
Even Cowgirls Get the Blues Pilgrim (uncredited cameo)
Dark Blood (incomplete & unreleased) Boy
1994 Silent Tongue (filmed in 1992) Talbot Roe

Explorers is a 1985 science fiction, fantasy film targeted at a family audience. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... For other uses, see Stand by Me. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... Corey Scott Feldman (born July 16, 1971) is an American film and television actor. ... Richard William Wil Wheaton III (born July 29, 1972) is an American writer and actor. ... For the politician, see Jerry J. OConnell Michael Jeremiah Jerry OConnell (born February 17, 1974), is an American television and film actor. ... The Mosquito Coast is a 1986 film, directed by Peter Weir and starring Harrison Ford and Helen Mirren. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Little Nikita is a 1988 film featuring River Phoenix and Sidney Poitier. ... For the 1982 Australian film, see Running On Empty (Australian film). ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The National Board of Review of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, just 13 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George McClennans revocation of moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908. ... This article is about the film. ... DVD case cover for I Love You to Death I Love You to Death is a 1990 crime/comedy film, directed by Lawrence Kasdan. ... My Own Private Idaho is a 1991 gay-themed independent film written and directed by Gus Van Sant, loosely based on Shakespeares Henry IV, part 1. ... The Venice Film Festival ( ) is the oldest film festival in the world. ... The National Society of Film Critics or NSFC is an American film critic organization. ... Founded in 1984, the Independent Spirit Awards were originally known as the FINDIE (Friends of Independents) Awards and presented winners with Plexiglas pyramids containing suspended shoestrings representing the paltry budgets of independent films. ... Dogfight (1991) is a film set in San Francisco, California, during the Vietnam War (1963 – 1974), and stars River Phoenix and Lili Taylor. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long or excessively detailed compared to the rest of the article. ... The Thing Called Love is a Peter Bogdanovich movie released in 1993. ... Even Cowgirls Get the Blues is a 1993 film based on the 1976 Tom Robbins novel of the same name. ... Dark Blood is a film which remained unfinished due to the death of River Phoenix. ... Silent Tongue is a Western written and directed by Sam Shepard. ...

Television work

Year Title Awards & Nominations
1982-83 Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Nominated: 1982 Young Artist Award: Best performance (TV series)
Won: 1983 Young Artist Award: Best performance (TV series)
1984 Celebrity (miniseries)
1984 Backwards: The Riddle Of Dyslexia (drama) Nominated: Young Artist Award: Best Young Actor in a film made for television (shared with Joaquin Phoenix)
1985 Robert Kennedy & His Times (miniseries)
1985 Surviving Won: Young Artist Award: Best Young Actor (Television special)
1986 Circle of Violence: A Family Drama

Seven Brides for Seven Brothers - Movie CD cover Seven Brides for Seven Brothers is a musical film released in 1954. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... Joaquin Rafael Phoenix (pronounced wah-KEEN FEE-nix;[1] born October 28, 1974), formerly credited as Leaf Phoenix, is a two-time Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe and Grammy Award-winning Puerto Rican film actor. ... Surviving is a 1985 drama centered around two teenagers Rick (Zach Galligan) and Lonnie (Molly Ringwald) who live in middle class America. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ...

Further reading

  • "River Phoenix: a short life" by Brian J. Robb. ISBN 0-06-095132-X
  • "Lost in Hollywood : The Fast Times and Short Life of River Phoenix" by John Glatt. ISBN 1-55611-440-0
  • "In Search of River Phoenix: the Truth Behind the Myth" by Barry C. Lawrence. ISBN 0-9672491-9-8

References

Cover of an issue of Details magazine Details, a monthly mens magazine, is published by Condé Nast Publications. ... Esquire is a magazine for men owned by the Hearst Corporation. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... People, a weekly magazine of celebrity and popular culture news, debuted on February 27, 1974. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
River Phoenix
Persondata
NAME Phoenix, River
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Bottom, River Jude
SHORT DESCRIPTION Actor
DATE OF BIRTH August 23, 1970
PLACE OF BIRTH Metolius, Oregon, USA
DATE OF DEATH October 31, 1993
PLACE OF DEATH Hollywood, Los Angeles, California
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... For the in-memory database management system, see In-memory database. ... TV.com is a website belonging to the CNET Games and Entertainment family of websites. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Metolius is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Hollywood redirects here. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
River Phoenix - XFamily - Children of God (2349 words)
River Jude Phoenix (1970-08-23 – 1993-10-31, born in Metolius, Oregon) was an American movie actor who spent his early childhood in the Children of God/Family International cult.
Around this time Phoenix's family hit their lowest point financially and were forced to move into a beach hut until a local priest arranged for them to be stowed away on a Florida-bound freighter.
River Phoenix was too much of a good role model‚ not corrupted or perverted enough, so the Devil had to try to destroy him.
OUT OF THE ASHES (4527 words)
Phoenix has the type of charter which gives home rule to a city, but it is not home rule in the complete sense of the word.
While Phoenix is the corporate and industrial center of the southwest it has not forgotten its past, and it has retained its long-time reputation of friendliness and concern of its citizens for one another and their government.
Phoenix was the only city in the country selected to represent "Excellence in the Public Sector," a national PBS television special produced by management expert Tom Peters.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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