FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rite of Passage
Shan boy undergoing Poy Sang Long initiation

A rite of passage is a ritual that marks a change in a person's social or sexual status. Rites of passage are often ceremonies surrounding events such as childbirth, menarche or other milestones within puberty, coming of age, weddings, menopause, and death. Look up Rite of passage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (784x1944, 133 KB) Summary Shan boy in northern Thailand undergoing Poy Sang Long initiation rite. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (784x1944, 133 KB) Summary Shan boy in northern Thailand undergoing Poy Sang Long initiation rite. ... Shan boy undergoing Poy Sang Long initiation Among the Shan peoples, in Burma and now in Northern Thailand, the Poy Sang Long ceremony is a rite of passage undergone by boys at some point between seven and fourteen years of age. ... A ritual is a set of actions, performed mainly for their symbolic value, which is prescribed by a religion or by the traditions of a community. ... Social status is the honor or prestige attached to ones position in society (ones social position). ... Part of the ceremony of the Changing of the Guard in Whitehall, London. ... Parturition redirects here. ... Menarche (IPA: ) is the first menstrual period, or first menstrual bleeding in the females of human beings. ... Puberty refers to the process of physical changes by which a childs body becomes an adult body capable of reproduction. ... For other uses, see Coming of Age (disambiguation). ... Nuptial is the adjective of wedding. It is used for example in zoology to denote plumage, coloration, behavior, etc related to or occurring in the mating season. ... Menopause is the physiological cessation of menstrual cycles associated with advancing age in women. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History of term

The term was popularised by the German ethnographer Arnold van Gennep (1873-1957), in the early part of the twentieth century. Further theories were developed in the 1960s by Mary Douglas and Victor Turner. Joseph Campbell's 1949 text, The Hero with a Thousand Faces and his theory of the journey of the hero were also influenced by van Gennep. Ethnography (from the Greek ethnos = nation and graphe = writing) refers to the qualitative description of human social phenomena, based on months or years of fieldwork. ... Arnold Van Gennep was born 23 April 1873 at Ludwigsbourg in Germany and died in 1957 at Bourg-la-Reine in France. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s The 20th century lasted from 1901 to 2000 in the Gregorian calendar (often from (1900 to 1999 in common usage). ... Dame Mary Douglas, DBE, (born March 25, 1921 - died 16 May 2007) was a British anthropologist, known for her writings on human culture and symbolism. ... Victor Witter Turner (May 28, 1920 – December 18, 1983) was a Scottish anthropologist. ... For other uses, see Joseph Campbell (disambiguation). ... The Hero with a Thousand Faces (1949) is the seminal work of comparative mythologist Joseph Campbell. ...


According to van Gennep, rites of passage have three phases: separation, liminality, and incorporation. In the first phase, people withdraw from the group and begin moving from one place or status to another. In the third phase, they reenter society, having completed the rite. The liminal phase is the period between states, during which people have left one place or state but haven't yet entered or joined the next. It is a state of limbo. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the theological concept. ...


Types and examples

Rites of passage are diverse, and are often not recognized as such in the culture in which they occur. According to -- a rite of passage would fulfill the tripartite structure he laid out. Many society rituals may look like rites of passage but miss some of the important structural and functional components. Typically the missing piece is the societal recognition and reincorporation phase. Adventure Education programs, such as Outward Bound, have often been described as potential rites of passage. Pamela Cushing researched the rites of passage impact upon adolescent youth at the Canadian Outward Bound School and found the rite of passage impact was lessened by the missing reincorporation phase (Cushing, 1998). Bell (2003) presented more evidence of this lacking third stage and described the "Contemporary Adventure Model of a Rites of Passage" as a modern and weaker version of the rites of passage typically used by outdoor adventure programs. Given these challenges, many examples of rites of passages are possible in contemporary society.


Some examples are given in the following subsections.


Coming of age rites

Ceremony in Benin Picture by Jean-Michel Clajot / www.view-of-africa.net

Pictures of scarification in Africa Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

Sepik River, Papua New Guinea. Tribal male initiation through excruciating scarification.

In various tribal societies, entry into an age grade – generally gender-separated – (unlike an age set) is marked by an initiation rite, which may be the crowning of a long and complex preparation, sometimes in retreat. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1476, 144 KB) Summary Franz Luthi took this photo in Papua New Guinea in 1975 and has given me (John Hill) permission to use it on the Wikipedia free of copyright Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1476, 144 KB) Summary Franz Luthi took this photo in Papua New Guinea in 1975 and has given me (John Hill) permission to use it on the Wikipedia free of copyright Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify... Sepik may refer to places in Papua New Guinea: East Sepik Sandaun, formerly known as West Sepik Sepik River Category: ... Scarification is a permanent body modification that uses scar tissue produced by the body to form designs, pictures, or words in the skin. ... A separate article is about the punk band called The Adolescents. ... This article is about male circumcision. ... Flemish boy of 1625 in a dress with sewn in tucks to both layers of the skirt to allow for growth. ... A debutante ball, or debs, is the Irish equivalent to the USAs proms. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The first haircut for a human has special significance in certain cultures and religions. ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... Academic procession during the University of Canterbury graduation ceremony. ... Shan boy undergoing Poy Sang Long initiation Among the Shan peoples, in Burma and now in Northern Thailand, the Poy Sang Long ceremony is a rite of passage undergone by boys at some point between seven and fourteen years of age. ... “Prom Queen” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Quinceañera (disambiguation). ... This article is about Russ, the Scandinavian cultural phenomenon. ... Schoolies or Schoolies week (known as Leavers or Leavers week in Western Australia) refers to the Australian tradition of high-school graduates (known as Schoolies) having week-long holidays following the end of their final exams in late November and early December. ... Scarification is a permanent body modification that uses scar tissue produced by the body to form designs, pictures, or words in the skin. ... Pink nail polish. ... Lipstick is a cosmetic product containing pigments, oils, waxes, and emollients that applies color and texture to the lips. ... Cosmetics or makeup are substances to enhance the beauty of the human body, apart from simple cleaning. ... In sociology and anthropology, an age grade or age class is a social category based on age, within a series of such categories, through which individuals pass over the course of their lives. ... In anthropology, an age set is a social category or corporate social group, consisting of people of similar age, who have a common identity, maintain close ties over a prolonged period, and together pass through a series of age-related statuses. ...


Coming of age in U.S. folklore in the late 20th century

The following would be a typical example of the "coming of age" lifetime moments as presented by a largely white, heteronormative, middle class culture in the United States. While many people around the world and in the U.S. will experience the events described, the construction of the monolithic idea of these events as chronological and particularly transformative is deeply rooted in the specific religious/political/social/sexual/economic project of national identity in the United States. These are often mistakenly presented as universal across culture, class and context and are mythologized in various national and international media: literature, magazines, film, television, popular music.

  • Birth
  • First steps
  • First words spoken
  • First day of school/kindergarten
  • First learned to ride a bicycle
  • First girlfriend/boyfriend
    • First kiss
    • First time your heart was broken
  • First obtained driver's license
  • First job
  • Senior prom/high school graduation
  • Voting
  • First experience of another's death
  • First day of college/first day in dorm (on your own)
  • First age to purchase and/or drink alcohol
  • College graduation
  • First time living on own/purchase own apartment or house
  • Marriage
  • Losing one's virginity
  • First child
  • Job promotion
  • Retirement
  • Last words
  • Death
Christ underwent the Jewish circumcision, here depicted on a Catholic cathedral; a liturgical feast commemorates this on New Year's Day
Christ underwent the Jewish circumcision, here depicted on a Catholic cathedral; a liturgical feast commemorates this on New Year's Day

Students in Rome, Italy. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... “Prom Queen” redirects here. ... Academic procession during the University of Canterbury graduation ceremony. ... College (Latin collegium) is a term most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ... “Virgin” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (598x900, 83 KB) Summary Sujet : Scène de la fr:circoncision de fr:Jésus. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (598x900, 83 KB) Summary Sujet : Scène de la fr:circoncision de fr:Jésus. ... This page is about the title, office or what is known in Christian theology as the Divine Person. ...

Religious initiation rites

This article is about the Christian religious act of Baptism. ... For other uses, see Eucharist (disambiguation). ... This article is about the practice of confession in the Modern confessional in the Church of the Holy Name, Dunedin, New Zealand. ... The First Communion (First Holy Communion) is a Roman Catholic ceremony. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      As a... Confirmation is a rite used in many Christian Churches. ... When a Jewish child reaches the age of maturity (12 years and one day for girls, 13 years and one day for boys) that child becomes responsible for him/herself under Jewish law; at this point a boy is said to become Bar Mitzvah (בר מצו&#1493... When a Jewish child reaches the age of maturity (12 years and one day for girls, 13 years and one day for boys) that child becomes responsible for him/herself under Jewish law; at this point a boy is said to become Bar Mitzvah (בר מצו&#1493... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about male circumcision. ... Set of implements used in the performance of brit milah, displayed in the Göttingen city museum Brit milah (Hebrew: בְרִית מִילָה [bÉ™rÄ«t mÄ«lā] literally: covenant [of] circumcision), also berit milah (Sephardi), bris milah (Ashkenazi pronunciation) or bris (Yiddish) is a religious ceremony within Judaism to welcome infant Jewish... Samskaram (Sanskrit accomplishment, embellishment, consecration; Hindi Sanskar) is a word used in both Hinduism and Sikhism for special event in life. ... Hinduism (known as in modern Indian languages[1]) is a religious tradition[2] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Shinbyu is the Burmese term for a traditional novitiated occasion to those of Theravada Buddhism. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... According to widespread belief, rumschpringe is a traditional rite of passage in the Amish religious denomination, and describes a period lasting months or years during which adolescents are released from the church and its rules. ... This article is about Old Order Amish, but also refers to other Amish sects. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Other initiation rites

  • Secular coming of age ceremonies for non-religious youngsters who want a rite of passage comparable to the religious rituals like Confirmation
  • Conscription, "making boys into men" (i.e. warriors) through military service is rather a life phase than a mere rite
  • Walkabout
  • Masonic rituals
  • Batizados in Capoeira.

Secular coming of age ceremonies, sometimes called civil confirmations, are ceremonies arranged by organisations that are secular, i. ... // Walkabout is an English language expression with several meanings: Walkabout is an Australian pidgin (or perhaps quasi-pidgin) term referring to the belief that Australian Aborigines go walkabout at the age of thirteen in the wilderness for six months as a rite of passage. ... “Freemasons” redirects here. ... Capoeira (IPA: ) is a Brazilian fight-dance, game, and martial art created by enslaved Africans during the 17th Century [1] Participants form a roda (circle) and take turns playing instruments, singing, and sparring in pairs in the centre of the circle. ...

Armed forces rites

  • U.S. Marine Crucible
  • U.S. Navy: Battle Stations
  • Naval (military and civilian) crossing the equator
  • In the U.S. Navy and Royal Navy, wetting-down is a ceremony in which a Naval officer is ceremonially thrown into the ocean upon receiving a promotion.
  • U.S. Army Victory Forge
  • In many military organizations, as in civilian groups, new conscripts are sometimes subjected by "veterans" to practical jokes, ranging from taking advantage of their naïveté to public humiliation and physical attacks; see Hazing.
  • Soldiers and sailors may also be hazed again on obtaining a promotion.

This article needs to be wikified. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Audio sample: General quarters ( file info) — A call to general quarters aboard a United States Navy vessel. ... Baptism on the line, also called equatorial baptism, is an initiation ritual sometimes performed as a ship crosses the equator, involving water baptism of passengers or crew who have never crossed the equator before. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... Wetting-down is a raucous ceremony observed in the U.S. and British Navies for newly promoted officers. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Hazing is an often ritualistic test and a task, which may constitute harassment, abuse or humiliation with requirements to perform random, often meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. ... Hazing is an often ritualistic test and a task, which may constitute harassment, abuse or humiliation with requirements to perform random, often meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. ...

Academic Groups

Academic circles such as dorms, fraternities, teams and other clubs practice

Entrance into Medicine and Pharmacy (University) : Hazing is an often ritualistic test and a task, which may constitute harassment, abuse or humiliation with requirements to perform random, often meaningless tasks, sometimes as a way of initiation into a social group. ... Ragging (known in the USA as hazing) is the systematic ritual physical and psychological abuse of freshmen or other juniors by their seniors in an educational setup, with the purported intent of socially inducting the newcomers into the group. ... Fagging in British English, is used (as a verb and a noun) to refer to a kind of apprenticeship practiced historically within public schools. ...

  • White Coat Ceremony
  • In Spanish universities of the Modern Age, like Universidad Complutense in Alcalá de Henares, upon completion of his studies, the student was submitted to a public questioning by the faculty, who could ask sympathetic questions that let him excel or tricky points. If the student passed he invited professors and mates to a party. If not, he was publicly processioned with donkey ears.

A white coat worn by a Canadian gastroenterologist. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Complutense University of Madrid, in Spanish Universidad Complutense de Madrid, is an important Spanish university, located in Madrid. ... Location Location of Alcalá Coordinates : 40º28’N , 3º22’W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alcalá de Henares (Spanish) Spanish name Alcalá de Henares Founded Preromanian Postal code 28. ... Before the age of large, modern prisons (imprisonment was long unusual as a punishment, rather a method of coercion), local communities would often punish minor and petty criminals by public humiliation. ...

References

Bell, B. J. (2003). "The rites of passage and outdoor education: Critical concerns for effective programming." The Journal of Experiential Education, 26, 1, pp. 41-50.


Cushing, P.J. (1998). "Competing the cycle of transformation: Lessons from the rites of passage model." Pathways: The Ontario Journal of Experiential Education, 9,5,7-12.


See also

This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...

External links

  • Encyclopaideia A list of male rites of passage
  • Puellarium A list of female rites of passage
  • Rites of Passage (kcet.org)

Ethnographic examples:

  • Pictures of scarification in Africa - Features by Jean-Michel Clajot, Belgian photographer
  • A list of rites of passage and similar rituals Various ethnographic examples
  • Rites of passage of Baka Pygmies Pygmies initiation, with haircut and other rituals

Religious examples:

  • Rites of PassageA brief explanation of the Wiccan Rites of Passage.
Look up Rite of passage in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rite of passage - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (717 words)
Rites of passage are often ceremonies surrounding events such as childbirth, menarche or other milestones within puberty, coming of age, weddings, menopause, and death.
According to Van Gennep, rites of passage have three phases: separation, liminality, and incorporation.
Rites of passage are diverse, and are often not recognized as such in the culture in which they occur.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m