FACTOID # 22: South Dakota has the highest employment ratio in America, but the lowest median earnings of full-time male employees.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rita Levi Montalcini
Rita Levi-Montalcini.
Enlarge
Rita Levi-Montalcini.

Rita Levi Montalcini (born April 22, 1909 in Turin) is an Italian neurologist who, together with colleague Stanley Cohen, received the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of growth factors. April 22 is the 112th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (113th in leap years). ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Türín) is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... Neurology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the nervous system. ... Stanley Cohen (born November 17, 1922) is an American-born researcher and Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology and Medicine (1986). ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... Growth factor is a protein that acts as a signaling molecule between cells (like cytokines and hormones) that attaches to specific receptors on the surface of a target cell and promotes differentiation and maturation of these cells. ...


Born in Turin, she decided to go to medical school after seeing a close family friend die of cancer. Levi Montalcini overcame the objections of her father - who believed that "a professional career would interfere with the duties of a wife and mother" - and enrolled in the Turin medical school in 1930, studying with Giuseppe Levi and graduating in 1936. She went to work as his assistant, however, her academic career was cut short by Mussolini's 1938 Manifesto della Razza and the subsequent introduction of laws barring Jews from academic and professional careers. During World War II, she conducted experiments from a home laboratory, studying the growth of nerve fibers in chicken embryos which laid the groundwork for much of her later research. Her first genetics laboratory was in her bedroom at her home. In 1943, her family fled south to Florence, and she set up a laboratory there also. Her family returned to Turin in 1945. Turin (Italian: ; Piedmontese: Türín) is a major industrial city in north-western Italy, capital of the Piedmont region, located mainly on the west bank of the Po River. ... An image of a 1901 examination in the faculty of medicine. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ... 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... An axon, or nerve fiber, is a long slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, which conducts electrical impulses away from the neurons cell body or soma. ... Embryos (and one tadpole) of the wrinkled frog (Rana rugosa). ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Founded 59 BC as Florentia Region Tuscany Mayor Leonardo Domenici (Democratici di Sinistra) Area  - City Proper  102 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 356,000 almost 500,000 3,453/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Latitude Longitude 43°47 N 11°15 E www. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ...


In September of 1946 Levi Montalcini accepted an invitation to Washington University in St. Louis, under the supervision of Professor Victor Hamburger. Although the initial invitation was for one semester, she stayed for thirty years. It was here that she did her most important work: isolating nerve growth factor NGF) from observations of certain cancerous tissues that cause extremely rapid growth of nerve cells in 1952. She was made a Full Professor in 1958, and in 1962 established a research unit in Rome, dividing the rest of her time between there and St. Louis. 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Washington University in St. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Gateway City, Gateway to the West, or Mound City Official website: http://stlouis. ...


From 1961 to 1969 she directed the Research Center of Neurobiology of the CNR (Rome), and from 1969 to 1971 the Laboratory of Cellular Biology. 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The Italian National Research Council (CNR) is a public organization of great relevance in the field of scientific and technological research of the Country whose original institution goes back to year 1923. ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ...


In 1968, she was the tenth woman elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences. 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ...


In 1986 Levi Montalcini and collaborator Stanley Cohen received the Nobel Prize in Medicine, as well as the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research. This made her the fourth Nobel Prize winner to come from Italy's small (<50,000) Jewish community, after Emilio Segrè, Salvador Luria (a university colleague and friend) and Franco Modigliani. 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Stanley Cohen (born November 17, 1922) is an American-born researcher and Nobel Prize Laureate in Physiology and Medicine (1986). ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physiology or Medicine from 1901 to the present day. ... The Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research is awarded by the Lasker Foundation for the understanding, diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and cure of disease. ... Portrait of Dr. Emilio Segre Emilio Gino Segrè (February 1, 1905 - April 22, 1989) was an Italian American physicist who, with Owen Chamberlain, won the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery of the antiproton. ... Salvador Edward Luria (August 13, 1912 - February 6, 1991) was a naturalized American microbiologist whose pioneering work on phage helped open up molecular biology. ... Franco Modigliani (June 18, 1918 – September 25, 2003) was an Italian-American economist at the MIT Sloan School of Management, and winner of The Bank of Sweden Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1985. ...


In 2000, her twin sister Paola Levi-Montalcini, a popular artist, died. This article is about the year 2000. ...


In 2001 she has been nominated as Senator-for-life by Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi. 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (born in Livorno, 9 December 1920) was elected as the tenth President of the Italian Republic on May 13, 1999. ...


References

  • Levi-Montalcini, Rita, In Praise of Imperfection: My Life and Work. Basic Books, New York, 1988.
  • Yount, Lisa (1996). Twentieth Century Women Scientists. New York: Facts on File. ISBN 0-8160-3173-8.
  • Muhm, Myriam : Vage Hoffnung für Parkinson-Kranke - Überlegungen der Medizin-Nobelpreisträgerin Rita Levi Montalcini , Süddeutsche Zeitung, Nr. 293, 22. Dezember 1986 [1]

The Süddeutsche Zeitung is a leading German newspaper. ...

External links

  • Autobiography at the Nobel e-Museum
  • Article in German

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m