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Encyclopedia > Ripe

Réseaux IP Européens (RIPE, French for "European IP Networks") is a forum open to all parties with an interest in the technical development of the Internet. The RIPE community’s objective is to ensure that the administrative and technical coordination necessary to maintain and develop the Internet continues.It specifically is not a standardisation organisation like the IETF and doesn't deal with domain names. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is charged with developing and promoting Internet standards. ... The term domain name has multiple related meanings: A name that identifies a computer or computers on the internet. ...


RIPE is not a legal entity and has no formal membership. In practice this means that anybody who is interested in the work of RIPE can participate through mailinglists and attending meetings. Agreement on policy is given through rough consensus and not based on formal rules that take into account who participants represent (countries or companies). RIPE has a chairman, whose task it is to organise meetings, to keep an eye on work between meetings and to be its external liaison. Rob Blokzijl was the spokesperson at the start and later the chairman and is sometimes referred to as mr. RIPE. The RIPE community interacts via RIPE mailing lists, RIPE Working Groups and RIPE Meetings. Robert (Rob) Blokzijl is a founding member of RIPE, the European open forum for IP networking. ...


Although similar in name, the RIPE NCC and RIPE are separate entities. The RIPE NCC, which is a legal entity, provides administrative support to RIPE, such as the facilitation of RIPE Meetings and providing administrative support to RIPE Working Groups. It was established in 1992 by the RIPE community to serve as an administrative body. The division of labor is such that RIPE makes policy and RIPE NCC executes upon that policy. The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. ... The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. ...

Contents

History

The first RIPE meeting was held on May 22, 1989 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. It brought together 14 representatives of 6 countries and 11 networks[1]. At the time European governments, standardisation bodies and telecommunications companies were pushing for the OSI-standard and IP-based networks were seen as the wrong way to go. In the academic community (mostly nuclear and particle physics) there was a strong need to be working together with colleagues across Europe and the United States. IP provided a standard to allow interconnection and cooperation, whereas the networks offered by the European telecommunications companies often completely lacked that. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


RIPE as an organisation was established by the RIPE terms of reference, which were agreed on 29 November 1989[2]. There were 10 organisations intending to participate in the RIPE Coordinating Committee, along the lines defined by the RIPE Terms of Reference, though some still needed make a formal decision. These organisations were: BelWue, CERN, EASInet, EUnet, GARR, HEPnet, NORDUnet, SURFnet, SWITCH and XLINK[3]. At the same time taskforces were established to facilitate the interconnection of European IP-networks in the following weeks and months[4]. The four taskforces were:
1. Connectivity and Routing
2. Network Management and Operations
3. Domain Name System
4. Formal Coordination
One of the results was a proposal on September 16, 1990 to establish the RIPE Network Coordination Center to support the administrative tasks in the RIPE community[5] and the first activity plan was published in May 1991[6]. CERN logo The Organisation européenne pour la recherche nucléaire (English: European Organization for Nuclear Research), commonly known as CERN, pronounced (or in French), is the worlds largest particle physics laboratory, situated just northwest of Geneva on the border between France and Switzerland. ... IRCnet is one of the largest IRC networks in the world, one of the so-called Big Four. ... Google AdSense Referral Rotator (GARR) is a WordPress side-bar widget that keeps rotating the available Google AdSense referrals on every page-view, thus providing the visitors with a wider choice of referrals to pick from. ... High-Energy Physics Network Research network that originated in the United States, but that has spread to most places involved in high-energy physics. ... NORDUnet is an international collaboration between the Nordic national computer networks for research and education. ... SURFnet is the national research and educational network (NREN) of the Netherlands. ... Electrical switches. ...


RIPE asked RARE (one of the predecessors of TERENA) if they would provide the legal framework for the RIPE NCC. After a solicitation procedure, the RIPE NCC began in April 1992 with its headquarters in Amsterdam, Daniel Karrenberg as manager and only two other staff members. Initial funding was provided by the academic networks (RARE members), EARN and EUnet. The RIPE NCC was formally established when the Dutch version of the articles of association was deposited with the Amsterdam Chamber of Commerce on 12 November 1997 [7]. Rare is a term used to denote low numbers or abundance. ... TERENA (Trans-European Research and Education Networking Association) is a not-for-profit association of European NRENs (National Research and Education Networks). ... EARN is an acronym for European Academic Research Network. ... IRCnet is one of the largest IRC networks in the world, one of the so-called Big Four. ...


What is a RIPE Document?

A RIPE Document is any document, proposal, procedure or policy that has been proposed and accepted by the RIPE community. All RIPE Documents are published online in the RIPE Document Store.


Policy Development

The RIPE community develops and sets policies for the technical coordination of the Internet and the management and distribution of Internet resources (IP Addresses and Autonomous System (AS) Numbers) through a long established, open, bottom-up process of discussion and consensus-based decision making. The RIPE Policy Development Process formally tracks input into and discussion on any policy proposed. The RIPE PDP is transparent and consensus based. Anyone may suggest a new policy or a change to an existing one. Proposals are then discussed and accepted or rejected by the RIPE commuity according to the RIPE PDP guidelines. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... In the Internet, an autonomous system (AS) is a collection of IP networks under control of a single entity, typically an Internet service provider or a very large organisation with redundant connections to the rest of the Internet, that adhere to a single and clearly defined routing policy. ...


What is a RIPE Meeting?

RIPE Meetings happen twice a year. Usually, one meeting is held in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and the other somewhere in the RIPE NCC service region. The meetings are five-day events where Internet Service Providers (ISPs), network operators, governments, regulators and other interested parties gather to discuss relevant issues, developments and policies. RIPE Meetings are open to anyone, although registration is required. The meeting always ends with a presentation by the Secret Working Group. The presentation consists of limericks referring to what happened at the meeting or in the community. An Internet Service Provider (ISP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. ... A limerick is a short, often humorous and ribald poem developed to a very specific structure. ...


What is a RIPE Working Group?

The RIPE community has formed a number of RIPE Working Groups to deal with various issues and topics related to the work of RIPE NCC members and the general Internet community. Each of the RIPE Working Groups has a mailing list where topics or questions related to the working group can be discussed. The RIPE Working Groups meet twice a year in dedicated sessions at RIPE Meetings. The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. ... Visualization of the various routes through a portion of the Internet. ...


RIPE Community

The RIPE community refers collectively to any individual or organisation, whether members of the RIPE NCC or not, that has an interest in the way the Internet is managed, structured or governed. The Réseaux IP Européens Network Coordination Centre (RIPE NCC) is the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and Central Asia. ...


References

Further Information/External links

  • RIPE
  • RIPE NCC

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ripeness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (424 words)
In law, ripeness refers to the readiness of a case for litigation; for example, if a law of ambiguous quality has been enacted but never applied, a case challenging that law lacks the ripeness necessary for a decision.
Ripeness represents the other side of the coin of standing, and deals with whether the defendant in a case has gone so far in his/her abusive behavior that the court has a right to hear the case.
Ullman, 367 U.S. When drafting his complaint, a plaintiff may be able to avoid dismissal on ripeness grounds by requesting alternative relief in the form of a declaratory judgment, which in many jurisdictions allows a court to declare the rights of parties under the facts as proven without actually ordering that anything be done.
Wines of Germany | Home Cellar | Pyramid of Ripeness Categories (739 words)
German Wines are categorized by the degree of ripeness measured in natural grape sugar upon harvest.
The higher the ripeness of the grapes used for the wine, the higher up in the pyramid the wine will be categorized.
Hence the dryness of a wine is independent of the ripeness level of the grapes upon harvest.
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