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Encyclopedia > Riots and pogroms in Sri Lanka

Sri Lankan Conflict
Combatants Sri Lankan Army Sri Lankan Air Force Sri Lankan Navy Karuna Group(Ranegades Form LTTE) Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Commanders Junius Richard Jayawardene (1983-89) Ranasinghe Premadasa (1989-93) Dingiri Banda Wijetunge (1993-94) Chandrika Kumaratunga (1994-2005) Mahinda Rajapaksa (2005-present) Velupillai Prabhakaran Strength 111,000[1...


• History of Sri Lanka• Ceylonese diasporaBlack JulyAttributed State terrorismRiots and pogromsHuman Rights IssuesPrison massacresList of Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups
Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... The recorded History of Sri Lanka is usually taken to begin in the 6th century BCE, when the Indo-Aryan people migrated into the island from India. ... The Sri Lankan Tamil Diaspora also known as Jaffnese diaspora and Ceylonese diaspora refers to the global diaspora of the people of Sri Lankan Tamil origin. ... Black July is the commonly used name of the genocidal pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... Several groups have alleged that there have been instances of state terrorism by Sri Lanka. ... The situation of human rights in Sri Lanka is generally considered to be very poor. ... Prison massacres in Sri Lanka have occured in regular intervals since the inception of the civil conflict from 1983. ... This is a list that documents the numerous groups of Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups that were formed to fight the state of Sri Lanka to create an independent Tamil Eelam. ...


LTTETerrorist attacks attributed to the LTTE
Notable attacks attributed to the LTTE
Military use of children in Sri LankaAssassinations attributed to LTTE
Tamil Tigers emblem The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), also known as the Tamil Tigers, is a military and political organization that has waged a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri Lankan Government since the 1970s in order to secure independence for the Tamil portions of Sri Lanka. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... LTTE is a rebel group active in Sri Lanka that is banned as a terrorist group by number of countries. ... Military use of children in Sri Lanka is has become an internationally recognized problem since inception of Sri Lankan civil war since 1983. ... Assassinations, murders and wholesale massacres of civilians in Sri Lanka have become an internationally recognized problem since the inception of the Sri Lankan civil war since 1983. ...

Major figures

Velupillai Prabhakaran
Colonel Karuna
Mahinda Rajapakse
Velupillai Prabhakaran (Tamil: வேலுப்பிள்ளை பிரபாகரன்; born November 26, 1954), sometimes referred to as V. Prabhakaran or Pirabaharan or as Thambi, was born in the northern coastal town of Velvettithurai, Sri Lanka to Thiruvenkadam Velupillai and Vallipuram Parvathy. ... Colonel Karuna Amman is the nom de guerre of Vinayagamoorthi Muralitharan (born 1966), the President of the TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal, a breakaway faction of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). ... Mahinda Rajapaksa Mahinda Rajapaksa (born November 18, 1945), Sri Lankan politician, became Prime Minister of Sri Lanka on April 6, 2004, following the victory of the United Peoples Freedom Alliance in the April 2, 2004 Sri Lankan legislative elections. ...

See also
TamilEela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal
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Following is a List of riots and pogroms in Sri Lanka. தமிழீழ மக்கள் விடுதலைப்புலிகள், Tamileela Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal or in English Tamileela Peoples Liberation Tigers, a political party and Para-military group formed in 2004 by break-away LTTE Military Head of Batticaloa district V. Muralitharan (Colonel Karuna). ...


1915 anti-Muslim riots

The first reported organized riots in Sri Lanka by the majority Sinhalese against a minority was against the Sri Lankan Muslims minority in 1915.[1] Mosque in Galle, Sri Lanka Muslims, who make up approximately 7 percent of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ...

1956 anti-Tamil riots

On 5th June 1956, the 'Sinhala Only' bill was introduced by Sinhala nationalist Prime Minister S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike in the House of Parliament. As an act of protest, S.J.V. Chelvanayakam, the Tamil leader of the Federal Party, led a party of 300 Tamil volunteers and staged a sit down satyagraha, or peaceful protest of the kind popularized by Mahatma Gandhi in the days of the Indian freedom struggle. The parliamentarians were attacked by Sinhalese mobs.[2][3] Sinhala language Sinhala alphabet Sinhala people Sinhala place-names Sinhala Place Names, see Sinhala place-names Category: ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ... Solomon West Ridgeway Dias Bandaranaike (1899-1959) was Prime Minister (1956-59) of Ceylon (later Sri Lanka). ... Mohandas Karamchand Mahatma Gandhi, who is credited with creating the concept of Satyagraha Satyagraha (Sanskrit: सत्याग्रह satyāgraha) is the philosophy of nonviolent resistance most famously employed by Mohandas Gandhi in forcing an end to the British Raj in India and also during his struggles in South Africa. ... Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: , Hindi: , IAST: mohandās karamcand gāndhī, IPA: ) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) was a major political and spiritual leader of the Indian independence movement. ...

1958 anti-Tamil pogrom

1958 anti-Tamil riots popularly known as the 58 riots was a watershed event in the race relationship of minority Tamils and majority Sinhalese. The level of violence deployed and the apparent government apathy to the plight of Tamil civilians set the tone for subsequant political discourse between the political leadership of the communities.

1977 anti-Tamil riots

There were also organized terror campaigns against the Tamil minority throughout the 1960s and 1970s. A notable pogrom happened when the United National Party came to power in 1977. It was organized by the defeated SLFP party.[4] The Sri Lankan riots of August 1977 were a series of attacks on Tamils by Sinhalese mobs in revenge for an alleged assault on policemen. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... The Sri Lanka Freedom Party is one of the major political parties in Sri Lanka. ...

1981 anti-Tamil riots

This riot featured the destruction of the Jaffna Public Library, with the loss of over 100,000 books, artifacts and palm writings. At the time, it was South Asia's biggest library. Many irreplaceable historical documents and artifacts of Tamil civilization in Sri Lanka were lost forever. Government ministers, police and army were accused of the riots. Burning of Jaffna library was a watershed event in the ongoing Sri Lankan civil war. ... Nallur Kandaswamy Kovil, Jaffna Jaffna (யாழ்ப்பாணம் in Tamil meaning யாழ்=harp, பாணம்=town of harper, යාපනය in Sinhala) the capital city of the Northern Province, Sri Lanka. ...

1983 anti-Tamil pogrom

Main article: Black July

Better known as Black July event. Over 3,000 (est.) killed and many more made homeless and as refugees. Black July is the commonly used name of the genocidal pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... Black July is the commonly used name of the genocidal pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ...

2002 anti-Muslim riots

Muslims were targeted in the Colombo suburb of Maligawatte by Sinhalese mobs[5]. There were no reported deaths.

2006 anti-Tamil riots


Massacres of Tamil civilians by organized Sinhalese mobs [6] was widely reported in the media in the town of Trincomalee in April of 2006.[7] Trincomalee District Map Trincomalee (Tamil: (Thirukonamalai, hist: Sirigonakanda); Sinhala: (Thirikunamalaya)) is a port city on the northeast coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. ...


About nine Tamil shops located in Armour Street in Colombo city were attacked by a group of Muslims during a demonstration held after Jumma prayers condemning the LTTE offensive in Muslim dominant city of Muthur in the Trincomalee district, on friday at around 1.35 p.m. August 11, police sources in Colombo said. Krishna Vilas and Vaani Vilas, two prominent restaurants were heavily damaged in the attack, the Tamil restaurant signs were torn down. One policeman was injured in this incident.[8] Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 14. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... Men praying jumuah at the Jama Masjid in Delhi Jumuah (Arabic: جمعة ) (also known as Friday prayer) is a congregational salat (prayer) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ... Muthur is a panchayat town in Erode district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. ...


On 17 Oct 2006 about 20 Tamil shops were damaged and 8 completely destroyed in mob violence against Tamil merchants in the port city of Galle by majority Sinhalese mobs following an attack on a Naval base by the LTTE rebel group. No reported casualties and all refugees were taken into a local Hindu temple.[9] October 17 is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... The Fort: View of the lighthouse Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with Gaul in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. ... A throng of people returning from a show of fireworks spill in to the street stopping traffic at the intersection of Fulton Street and Gold Street in Lower Manhattan. ... LTTE is an acronym or initialism for: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Known for their guerilla warfare forcibly killing every other independent groups aiming for seperate state. ...

See also

Black July is the commonly used name of the genocidal pogroms starting in Sri Lanka on July 23, 1983. ... The ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka is an ongoing conflict between the Government of Sri Lanka and a minority terrorist group consisting of Ethnic Sri Lankan Tamils on the island-nation of Sri Lanka. ... Several groups have alleged that there have been instances of state terrorism by Sri Lanka. ...


  •  Navaratnam, V. (1995). The Fall and Rise of the Tamil Nation. Tamilian Library.
  •  Vittachi, Tarzie (1958). Emergency '58: The Story of the Ceylon Race Riots. Andre Deutsch. OCLC 2054641.
  •  Seneratne, Jagath P. (1998). Political Violence in Sri Lanka, 1977-1990: Riots, Insurrections, Counter-Insurgencies, Foreign Intervention. VU University Press. ISBN 90-5383-524-5.

External links

  • Timeline of ethnic conflict
  • BBC timeline of Sri Lankan conflict
  • July still black after twenty years - from the official website of the Sri Lankan government
  • The former President of Sri Lanka about Black July
  • Struggle for Tamileelam and its route causes
  • Interview in the Lines Magazine by Keetheswaran Loganathan



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