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Encyclopedia > Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
View of Rio de Janeiro
View of Rio de Janeiro
Flag of Rio de Janeiro
Flag

Seal
Nickname: Cidade Maravilhosa ("The Marvelous City") or simply, Rio
Location of Rio de Janeiro
Coordinates: 22°54′30″S 43°11′47″W / -22.90833, -43.19639
Country Flag of Brazil Brazil
Region Southeast
State Rio de Janeiro
Government
 - Mayor César Maia (Democrats)
Area
 - City 1,260 km² (486.5 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 - City 6,093,472
 - Density 4,781/km² (12,382.7/sq mi)
 - Metro 11,714,000
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 - Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.842 – high
Website: Rio de Janeiro City

Rio de Janeiro ("River of January", pronounced [ˈhiw dʒi ʒʌˈnejɾu] in Brazilian Portuguese, /ˈriːoʊ di ʒəˈnɛroʊ/ in English), is the second major city of Brazil, behind São Paulo. The city is capital of the state of Rio de Janeiro. It was the capital of Brazil for almost two centuries—from 1763 to 1822 while it was a Portuguese colony and from 1822 to 1960 as an independent nation. It was the de facto capital of the Portuguese Empire from 1808 to 1821. Commonly known as just Rio, the city is also nicknamed A Cidade Maravilhosa — "The Marvelous City." Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a name of an entity or thing that is not its proper name. ... Image File history File links RiodeJaneiro_Municip_RiodeJaneiro. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Brazil is currently divided in five regions, by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). ... The Southeast Region of Brazil is composed by the states of Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ... This is a list of mayors of Rio de Janeiro from the most recent See also: mayors in Brazil. ... César Epitácio Maia (born July 18, 1945) is the current mayor of Rio de Janeiro. ... The Democrats (Democratas) is a political party in Brazil. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... Brazilian Portuguese (português do Brasil in Portuguese) is a group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple of million Brazilian emigrants, mainly in the United States, United Kingdom, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the city. ... Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ... The Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), or Portugal, is a democratic republic located on the west and southwest parts of the Iberian Peninsula in southwestern Europe. ... An anachronous map of the Portuguese Empire (1415-1999). ...


It is famous for its spectacular natural setting, its Carnival celebrations, samba and other music, hotel-lined tourist beaches, such as Copacabana and Ipanema, paved with decorated black and cream swirl pattern mosaics known locally as "pedra portuguesa". Some of the most famous local landmarks in addition to the beaches include the giant statue of Jesus, known as Christ the Redeemer ('Cristo Redentor') atop Corcovado mountain, which has recently been named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf mountain (Pão de Açúcar) with its cable car; the Sambódromo, a giant permanent parade stand used during Carnival; and Maracanã stadium, one of the world's largest football stadiums. Rio also boasts the two world's largest forests inside an urban area. The first is the forest in Parque Estadual da Pedra Branca, or White Stone State Park. The second, almost connected to the first, is the famous Floresta da Tijuca, or 'Tijuca Forest'.[1] For other uses, see Carnival (disambiguation). ... This article is about the music Samba. ... Ipanema Beach Ipanema is a neighborhood located on the southern zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, between Leblon and Arpoador. ... Portuguese pavement in Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro. ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: ), is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... For the song by Antonio Carlos Jobim, see Corcovado (Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars). ... Location of the New Seven Wonders winners. ... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... Sambódromo is the portuguese word for Sambadrome, wich is a special avenue downtown where Samba Schools pass. ... The Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, commonly called Estádio do Maracanã (Maracanã stadium), in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is one of the largest football stadiums in the world. ... Rungnado May Day Stadium is the worlds largest football stadium. ... The Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca in Portuguese) is a mountainous hand-planted rainforest in the heart of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


The Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport connects Rio de Janeiro with many Brazilian cities and also operates several international flights. Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL) better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiros major international airport. ...


Despite its charm and beauty, Rio is reputed to be one of the most violent cities in the world.[2][3][4]

Contents

Geography

Panoramic view of Praia de Botafogo (Botafogo Beach) with Pão de Açúcar and Morro da Urca in the background.
Panoramic view of Praia de Botafogo (Botafogo Beach) with Pão de Açúcar and Morro da Urca in the background.
Climate chart for Rio de Janeiro
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
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temperatures in °C
precipitation totals in mm
source: MSN Weather

Rio de Janeiro is located at 22 degrees, 54 minutes south latitude, 43 degrees 14 minutes west longitude. The population of the City of Rio de Janeiro is about 6,136,652,[5] occupying an area of 1,182.3 square kilometres (456.5 sq mi).[6] The population of the larger metropolitan area is estimated at 11-12 million. It was Brazil's capital until 1960, when Brasília took its place. Residents of the city are known as Cariocas. The city's current mayor (2006) is Cesar Maia. The official song of Rio is "Cidade Maravilhosa" (translated as "Marvelous City"). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A night view of the Botafogo harbour, with the moon above the Sugar Loaf Mountain. ... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... Urca is a traditional and exclusive residential neighborhood with nearly 7,000 inhabitants (2000 census) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... This article is about the geographical term. ... Longitude is the east-west geographic coordinate measurement most commonly utilized in cartography and global navigation. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the capital of Brazil. ... Carioca is an adjective in the Portuguese language that refers to people or things from (i. ... Cesar Epitácio Maia (born July 18, 1945) is the current mayor of Rio de Janeiro and will possibly be a candidate for the presidency of Brazil in 2006. ...


Climate

Rio has a Tropical climate.[7] The temperature occasionally reaches over 40°C (104°F) in inland areas of the city, and maximum temperatures above 30°C (86°F) can happen every month. In the main tourist areas (south side, where the beaches are located), the temperature is moderated by the cool sea-breezes from the ocean. The average annual minimum temperature is 20°C (68°F), the average annual maximum temperature is 26°C (79°F) and the average annual temperature is 23°C (73.5°F). The average yearly precipitation is 1,086 mm. The minimum temperature ever registered was 4°C (40°F) in July 1928, but temperatures around 7°C (54°F) are rare in most of city, the absolute maximum reached 43.8°C (110°F) in January 1984.[8] The tropics are the geographic region of the Earth centered on the equator and limited in latitude by the two tropics: the Tropic of Cancer in the north and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere. ... Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ...


History

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Carioca Aqueduct, built in the first half of the 18th century.
Carioca Aqueduct, built in the first half of the 18th century.
Paço Imperial, 18th century palace that served as seat for the colonial government, King John IV of Portugal and the two Emperors of Brazil.
Paço Imperial, 18th century palace that served as seat for the colonial government, King John IV of Portugal and the two Emperors of Brazil.
Candelária Church, in Rio de Janeiro.

Guanabara Bay was reached by Portuguese explorers in an expedition led by Portuguese explorer Gaspar de Lemos on January 20, 1502; hence Rio de Janeiro, "January River." There is a legend that the mariners named the place thus because they thought the mouth of the bay was actually the mouth of a river, but no experienced sailor would make that mistake. At the time, river was the general word for any large body of water. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Carioca Aqueduct in the centre of Rio de Janeiro. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1134 × 850 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1134 × 850 pixel, file size: 157 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Paço Imperial in Rio de Janeiro. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ... Satellite image of Guanabara Bay In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ... Gaspar de Lemos (15th century), Portuguese explorer that was captain of the supply ship of Pedro Álvares Cabrals fleet that discovered Brazil. ... is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1502 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


An unofficial European presence in the area began not long after. In 1519 when Ferdinand Magellan resupplied his ships in the bay, French smugglers were already using the bay as a post for smuggling brazilwood. When French naval officer Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon arrived in 1555 with a fleet of two ships and 600 soldiers and colonists, he founded the first permanent European settlement in the area. The colony was referred to as "France Antarctique". The colonists consisted of mainly French Huguenots and Swiss Calvinists. Villegaignon left in 1557 after disputes with some of the colonists. For the Presidential railcar named Ferdinand Magellan, see Ferdinand Magellan Railcar. ... Brazilwood is a common name for several trees of the family Leguminosae (Pulse family) whose wood yields a red dye called brazilein. ... Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, born 1510 in Villegaignon, Seine et Marne, France was a naval officer (vice-admiral of Brittany) who attempted to help the Huguenots in France escape persecution. ... France Antarctique was the name of the failed French colony south of the Equator, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, which existed between 1555 and 1567. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Calvinism...


The city was founded on March 1, 1565, by Portuguese knight Estácio de Sá, who called it São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro 20 (St Sebastian of the January 20th River), in honour of Saint Sebastian (day of death traditionally on January 20). For centuries, the settlement was commonly called São Sebastião — or even 'Saint Sebastian' — instead of the currently popular second half of its name. The city was founded as a base from which to invade the French settlement. They succeeded in 1567 and the French were expelled. Later, São Sebastião was frequently attacked by pirates and privateers, especially by then enemies of Portugal, such as the Netherlands and France. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // Events March 1 - the city of Rio de Janeiro is founded. ... For other uses, see Knight (disambiguation) or Knights (disambiguation). ... Estácio de Sá (1520-1567) was a Portuguese soldier and officer who came to Brazil on orders of the Portuguese crown to wage war on the French invaders commanded by Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon (1510-1571), who had established themselves in 1555 at the Guanabara Bay in Rio de... Sebastian redirects here. ... This article is about maritime piracy. ... For other uses, see Privateer (disambiguation). ...


The exact place of Rio's foundation is at the foot of Pão-de-Açúcar (Sugarloaf Mountain). Later, the whole city was moved within a palisade on top of a hill, imitating the medieval European defense strategy of fortified castles — the place has since then been called Morro do Castelo (Castle Hill). Thus, the city developed from the current center (Downtown, see below) southwards and then westwards (with large parts built over reclaimed land); an urban movement which continues today. Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... For other uses, see Castle (disambiguation). ...


In the late 16th century the Portuguese crown began treating the village as a strategic location for the Atlantic transit of ships between Brazil, the African colonies and Europe. Fortresses were built and an alliance was formed with nearby native tribes to defend the settlement. Invaders — Rio's neighbor, Niterói, for instance, was founded by Araribóia, a Tamoio Indian chief, for defensive purposes. Sugar cane was the first industry in the area. First native, and later African, slaves were used for manual labor. Eventually the industry dwindled as higher quality sugar cane from northern Brazil became more available. The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... Nickname: Location of Niterói Coordinates: , Country Region State Rio de Janeiro Founded 22 November 1573 Incorporated 1835 Government  - Mayor Godofredo Pinto (PT) Area  - City 129. ... Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... Slave redirects here. ...


Until early in the 18th century, the city was threatened or invaded by several, mostly French pirates and buccaneers, such as Jean-François Duclerc and René Duguay-Trouin. After 1720, when the Portuguese found gold and diamonds in the neighboring captaincy of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro became a much more useful port for exporting wealth than Salvador, Bahia, which is much farther to the north. In 1763, the colonial administration in Portuguese America was moved to Rio. The city remained primarily a colonial capital until 1808, when the Portuguese royal family and most of the associated Lisbon nobles, fleeing from Napoleon's invasion of Portugal, moved to Rio de Janeiro. The kingdom's capital was transferred to the city, which, thus, became the only European capital outside of Europe. As there was no physical space or urban structure to accommodate hundreds of noblemen who arrived suddenly, many inhabitants were simply evicted from their homes. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Jean-François Duclerc, Guadeloupe ? - Rio de Janeiro, March 18, 1711) was a French privateer and knight in the Order of Saint-Louis. ... Statue in St Malo René Trouin, Sieur du Gué, usually called Réné Duguay-Trouin, (Saint Malo, 10 June 1673 -- 1736) was a famous French privateer, Lieutenant-Général des armées navales du roi (admiral) and Commander in the Order of Saint-Louis. ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... This article is about the mineral. ... Capitanias were the organisational units of the Portuguese state in its colony of Terra de Santa Cruz, or Land of the Holy Cross, which was later divided in the vice-kingdom of Brazil and that of Grão-Pará. Each was delivered to a single Capitão-Mor, who was... Capital (and largest city) Belo Horizonte Demonym Mineiro Government  -  Governor Aécio Neves  -  Vice Governor Antônio Augusto Junho Anastasia Area  -  Total 588,528. ... Salvador and Baía de Todos os Santos from space, April 1997 Salvador (in full, São Salvador da Baía de Todos os Santos, or in literal translation: Holy Savior of All Saints Bay) is a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the northeastern... Capital (and largest city) Salvador Demonym Baiano Government  -  Governor Jacques Wagner  -  Vice Governor Edmundo Pereira Santos Area  -  Total 564. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ...


When Prince Pedro I proclaimed the independence of Brazil in 1822, he decided to keep Rio de Janeiro as the capital of his new empire. Rio continued as the capital of Brazil after 1889, when the monarchy was replaced by a republic. Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Until the early years of the 20th century the city was largely limited to the neighborhood now known as the historic Downtown business district (see below), on the mouth of Guanabara Bay. The city's center of gravity began to shift south and west to the so-called Zona Sul (South Zone) in the early part of the 20th century, when the first tunnel was built under the mountains located between Botafogo and the neighborhood now known as Copacabana. That beach's natural beauty, combined with the fame of the Copacabana Palace Hotel, the luxury hotel of the Americas in the 1930s, helped Rio to gain the reputation it still holds today as a beach party town (though, this reputation has been somewhat tarnished in recent years by favela violence resulting from the narcotics trade). Plans for moving the nation's capital city to the territorial centre had been occasionally discussed, and when Juscelino Kubitschek was elected president in 1955, it was partially on the strength of promises to build a new capital. Though many thought that it was just campaign rhetoric, Kubitschek managed to have Brasília built, at great cost, by 1960. On April 21 that year the capital of Brazil was officially moved from Rio de Janeiro to Brasília. A night view of the Botafogo harbour, with the moon above the Sugar Loaf Mountain. ... Aerial view of Copacabana For other uses, see Copacabana (disambiguation). ... Look up favela in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep (such state is narcosis). ... Juscelino Kubitschek and his wife Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (JK) (September 12, 1902-August 22, 1976) was a prominent Brazilian politician who was President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961. ... “Electioneering” redirects here. ... Rhetoric (from Greek , rhêtôr, orator, teacher) is generally understood to be the art or technique of persuasion through the use of oral, visual, or written language; however, this definition of rhetoric has expanded greatly since rhetoric emerged as a field of study in universities. ... This article is about the capital of Brazil. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Between 1960 and 1975 Rio was a capital city, such as Vienna, Austria or Washington, D.C. (United States), under the name State of Guanabara (after the bay it borders). However, for administrative and political reasons, a presidential decree known as "The Fusion" removed the city's federative status and merged it with the state of Rio de Janeiro in 1975. Even today, some Cariocas advocate the return of municipal autonomy. For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The State of Guanabara (in Portuguese: Estado da Guanabara), was the name given to the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (now the city with the same name), after the moving of the national capital to Brasília in 1960. ... Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ... Carioca is an adjective in the Portuguese language that refers to people or things from (i. ...


City districts

A view of the Copacabana Beach.
A view of the Copacabana Beach.
View of Rio de Janeiro downtown. The conical building is the Rio de Janeiro Cathedral.
View of Rio de Janeiro downtown. The conical building is the Rio de Janeiro Cathedral.
Ipanema Beach, in the South Zone, as featured in the song The Girl from Ipanema by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes.
Ipanema Beach, in the South Zone, as featured in the song The Girl from Ipanema by Antonio Carlos Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes.
Center zone, where a business district is located.
Center zone, where a business district is located.

The city is commonly divided into the historic downtown (Centro); the tourist-friendly South Zone (Zona Sul), with its world-famous beaches; the residential North Zone (Zona Norte); and the West Zone (Zona Oeste), with the newer Barra da Tijuca district. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 435 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Catedral Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro), dedicated to Saint Sebastian, is the seat of the cardinal archbishop of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixels Full resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Girl from Ipanema (Garota de Ipanema) is a well known bossa nova song, and was a worldwide hit in the mid-1960s. ... Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927 in Rio de Janeiro – December 8, 1994 in New York City), or Tom Jobim (as he is fondly known in his home country), was a Brazilian composer, arranger, singer, pianist/guitarist and one of the primary forces behind the creation... Vinicius de Moraes (October 19, 1913 - July 9, 1980), born Marcus Vinícius da Cruz de Melo Morais in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a seminal figure in contemporary Brazilian music. ... Barra da Tijuca buildings. ...


Downtown

(22°54′19″S 43°10′38″W / -22.905392, -43.177128 (Downtown)) Centro (Downtown in American English or CBD in other English use) is the historic centre of the city, as well as its financial centre. Sites of interest include the Paço Imperial, built during colonial times to serve as a residence for the Portuguese governors of Brazil; many historic churches, such as the Candelária Church, the colonial Cathedral and the modern-style Rio de Janeiro Cathedral. Around the Cinelândia square there are several landmarks of the Belle Époque of Rio, such as the Municipal Theatre and the National Library building. Among its several museums, the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes (National Museum of Fine Arts) and the Museu Histórico Nacional (National Historical Museum) are the most important. Other important historical attractions in central Rio include its Passeio Público, an 18th century public garden, as well as the imposing arches of the Arcos da Lapa, a Roman-style aqueduct built around 1750. A bondinho (tram) leaves from a city center station, crosses the aqueduct (converted to a tram viaduct in 1896) and rambles through the hilly streets of the Santa Teresa neighbourhood nearby. The Central Business District of Sydney, Australia. ... Paço Imperial in Rio de Janeiro. ... Main façade of the Igreja da Candelária (façade built around 1775-1811). ... Old Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro. ... The Cathedral of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Catedral Metropolitana do Rio de Janeiro), dedicated to Saint Sebastian, is the seat of the cardinal archbishop of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... View of Cinelândia square in 1919. ... The Belle Époque (French for Beautiful Era) was a period in European history that began during the late 19th century and lasted until World War I. Occurring during the time of the French Third Republic and the German Empire, the Belle Époque was considered a golden age as peace prevailed... Theatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro: frontal view. ... A national library is a library specifically established by the government of a country to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that country. ... Detail of First Mass in Brazil (1861), by Victor Meirelles, in the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes. ... The National Historical Museum outer patio. ... 18th century painting showing the entrance of the Passeio Público. ... The Carioca Aqueduct in the centre of Rio de Janeiro. ... For other uses, see Aqueduct (disambiguation). ... This article refers to public transport vehicles running on rails. ... Picturesque corner in the Santa Teresa neighbourhood. ...


Downtown remains the heart of the city's business community. Some of the largest companies in Brazil have their head offices here, including Petrobras and Vale (formerly Companhia Vale do Rio Doce), the two largest Brazilian corporations. Petrobras, short for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., is a government-owned Brazilian oil company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ... In geography a vale is a wide river valley, usually with a particularly wide flood plain or flat valley bottom. ...


South Zone

(22°58′27″S 43°11′58″W / -22.974199, -43.199444 (South Zone)) The South Zone of Rio de Janeiro (in portuguese: "Zona Sul") is composed of several districts, amongst which are São Conrado, Leblon, Ipanema, Arpoador, Copacabana and Leme, which compose Rio's famous Atlantic beach coastline. Other districts in the South Zone are Glória, Flamengo, Botafogo and Urca, which border Guanabara Bay and Santa Teresa, Cosme Velho, Laranjeiras, Humaitá, Lagoa, Jardim Botânico and Gávea. It is the richest region of the city and the most famous overseas. São Conrado is an affluent neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, nestled between Gávea and Barra de Tijuca, another two neighborhoods in that city. ... Leblon Leblon (named after a French plantation owner, Le Blond, who owned this area) is an affluent neighborhood in Rio de Janeiro, just west of Ipanema, another neighborhood in that city. ... Ipanema Beach Ipanema is a neighborhood located on the southern zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, between Leblon and Arpoador. ... Arpoador is a district located on the southern zone of the city Rio de Janeiro, in a small peninsula between Ipanema and Copacabana. ... Leme (which in Portuguese means helm) is a neighborhood in the Zona Sul of the City of Rio de Janeiro, next to Copacabana, Urca and Botafogo. ... The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one_fifth of its surface. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ... Flamengo is the name of a neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... A night view of the Botafogo harbour, with the moon above the Sugar Loaf Mountain. ... Urca is a traditional and exclusive residential neighborhood with nearly 7,000 inhabitants (2000 census) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Satellite image of Guanabara Bay In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ... Santa Teresa may refer to: Santa Teresa, ES, Brazil Santa Teresa, New Mexico Santa Teresa, neighborhood of San Jose, California This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Cosme Velho is a traditional neighborhood located in the Southern Zone of Rio de Janeiro, near Laranjeiras neighborhood. ... Laranjeiras is a primarily residential neighborhood located in the Southern Zone of Rio de Janeiro. ... Humaitá is a residential district in the South Zone (Zona Sul) of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Lagoa(lagoon) is the way the people from Rio de Janeiro refer to the Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas. ... Jardim Botânico is a district of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, located north of Ipanema and Leblon, just across Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas. ... Gávea is a residential neighborhood located in the Southern Zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro. ...


The neighbourhood of Copacabana beach hosts one of the world's most spectacular New Year's Eve parties ("Reveillon"), as more than two million revelers crowd onto the sands to watch the fireworks display. As of 2001, the fireworks have been launched from boats, to improve the safety of the event. To the north of Leme, and at the entrance to Guanabara Bay, is the district of Urca and the Sugarloaf Mountain ('Pão de Açúcar'), whose name describes the famous mountain rising out of the sea. The summit can be reached via a two-stage cable car trip from Praia Vermelha, with the intermediate stop on Morro da Urca. It offers views second only to Corcovado mountain. For other articles with similar names, see New Year (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... Urca is a traditional and exclusive residential neighborhood with nearly 7,000 inhabitants (2000 census) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... An Aerial tramway in Italy. ...


One of the highest hills in the city is the 842 metres (2,762 ft) high Pedra da Gávea (Crow's nest Rock) near the botanical gardens. On the top of its summit is a huge rock formation (some, such as Erich von Däniken in his 1973 book, "In Search of Ancient Gods", claim it to be a sculpture) resembling a sphinx-like, bearded head that is visible for many kilometers around. Pedra da Gavea, Rio de Janeiro. ... Crows Nest is the name of more than one place: Crows Nest, Indiana, United States Crows Nest, New South Wales, Australia Crows Nest, Queensland, Australia See also: Crowsnest Pass in Canada Crows Nest is also the name given to a structure on top of the mast of a ship... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants both for scientific purposes and for the enjoyment and education of visitors. ... Erich Anton Paul von Däniken (b. ...


Hang gliding is a popular activity on the nearby Pedra Bonita (Beautiful Rock). After a short flight, gliders land on the Praia do Pepino (Cucumber Beach) in São Conrado. Since 1961, the Tijuca Forest ("Floresta da Tijuca"), the largest city-surrounded urban forest and the second largest urban forest in the world, has been a National Park. The largest urban forest in the world is the Floresta da Pedra Branca (White Rock Forest), which is also located in the city of Rio de Janeiro.[9] The Catholic University of Rio (Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro or PUC-Rio) is located at the edge of the forest, in the Gávea district. The 1984 film Blame it on Rio was filmed nearby, with the rental house used by the story's characters sitting at the edge of the forest on a mountain overlooking the famous beaches. Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... The Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca in Portuguese) is a mountainous hand-planted rainforest in the heart of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... This article is about national parks. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Blame it on Rio is a 1984 romantic comedy film, written by Charlie Peters and Larry Gelbart and directed by Stanley Donen. ...


North Zone

The North Zone of Rio (in portuguese: "Zona Norte") is home to the Maracanã stadium, once the world's highest capacity football (soccer) venue, able to hold nearly 180,000 people, as it did the World Cup final of 1950. In modern times its capacity has been reduced to conform with modern safety regulations and the stadium has introduced seating for all fans. Currently undergoing renovation, it has now the capacity for 95,000 fans; it will eventually hold around 120,000 people. Maracanã was site for the Opening and Closing Ceremonies and football competition of the 2007 Pan-American Games. Image File history File links Maracana_Stadium. ... Image File history File links Maracana_Stadium. ... The Maracanã stadium (official name: Estádio Mário Filho, Maracanã being its neighborhoods name) in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) is one of the biggest football stadiums of the world, and it is home of the four biggest football teams of Rio: Flamengo, Botafogo, Vasco da Gama and Fluminense. ... The Estádio Jornalista Mário Filho, commonly called Estádio do Maracanã (Maracanã stadium), in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, is one of the largest football stadiums in the world. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The FIFA World Cup, sometimes called the Football World Cup or the Soccer World Cup, but usually referred to simply as the World Cup, is an international association football competition contested by the mens national teams of the members of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA), the... The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ...


Besides the Maracanã, the North Zone of Rio also holds other tourist and historical attractions, such as 'Manguinhos', the home of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, a centenarian biomedical research institution with a main building fashioned like a Moorish palace, and the beautiful Quinta da Boa Vista, the park where the historical old Imperial Palace is located. Nowadays, the palace hosts the National Museum, specializing in Natural History, Archaeology and Ethnology. Instituto Oswaldo Cruz is a scientific institution for research and development in biomedical sciences located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... See drugs, medication, and pharmacology for substances that treat patients. ... For the terrain type see Moor Moors is used in this article to describe the medieval Muslim inhabitants of al-Andalus and the Maghreb, whose culture is often called Moorish. For other meanings look at Moors (Meaning) or Blackamoors. ... The Quinta da Boa Vista (English:Park of the Nice View) is a public park of great historical importance in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... The Museu Nacional main historical building The Museu Nacional do Rio de Janeiro is a centenarian museum and research institution, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


The International Airport of Rio de Janeiro (Galeão – Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport, named after the famous Brazilian musician "Tom" Jobim), the main campus of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro at the Fundão Island, and the State University of Rio de Janeiro, in Maracanã, are also located in the Northern part of Rio. Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL) better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiros major international airport. ... Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927 in Rio de Janeiro – December 8, 1994 in New York City), or Tom Jobim (as he is fondly known in his home country), was a Brazilian composer, arranger, singer, pianist/guitarist and one of the primary forces behind the creation... The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ) is the largest federal university of Brazil, where state-owned colleges are the best and most qualified institutions. ... The Rio de Janeiro State University (Portuguese: Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) is one of the largest universities in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


This region is also home to most of the Samba Schools of Rio de Janeiro such as Mangueira, Salgueiro, Império Serrano, Unidos da Tijuca, among others. Some of the main neighbourhoods of Rio's North Zone are Tijuca — which shares the Tijuca Rainforest with the South Zone — Grajaú, Vila Isabel, Méier, São Cristovão Madureira and Olaria among others. The samba schools are samba clubs that started in the early part of the 20th century in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. ... Tijuca is a neighboorhood of the northern area of city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... The Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca in Portuguese) is a mountainous hand-planted rainforest in the heart of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Coat of arms of São Cristóvão São Cristóvão is a traditional neighborhood located in the northern zone of Rio de Janeiro city. ...


West Zone

Barra da Tijuca buildings.

The West Zone (in portuguese: "Zona Oeste") is the region furthest from the centre of Rio de Janeiro. It includes Barra da Tijuca, Jacarepaguá, Recreio dos Bandeirantes, Vargem Grande, Vargem Pequena, Realengo, Padre Miguel, Bangu, Campo Grande, Jardim Sulacap, Paciência and Santa Cruz. Neighbouring districts within the West Zone reveal stark differences between social classes. The area has industrial zones, but some agricultural areas still remain in its wide area. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Barra da Tijuca buildings. ... Jacarepaguá is a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Recreio dos Bandeirantes (or simply Recreio, as the Cariocas call it) is both the name of the beach and neighborhood in the West Zone of Rio de Janeiro, and is located to the west of the adjacent Barra da Tijuca neighborhood. ... Realengo is a neighborhood located at the West Zone (Zona Oeste) of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Bangu is a traditional neighbhorhood located in Rio de Janeiro, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Campo Grande is a suburb of the city of Rio de Janeiro, in the eastern part of the city. ...


Westwards from the older zones is Barra da Tijuca, a flat expanse of formerly undeveloped coastal land, which is currently experiencing a wave of new construction. It remains an area of accelerated growth, attracting some of the richer sectors of the population as well as luxury companies. High rise flats and sprawling shopping centres give the area a far more American feel than the crowded city centre. The urban planning of the area, made in the late 1960s, resembles that of United States suburbs, though mixing zones of single-family houses with residential skyscrapers. The beaches of Barra da Tijuca are also popular with the city's residents. Barra da Tijuca is the home of Pan-American Village for the 2007 Pan American Games. For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... “Suburbia” redirects here. ... The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ...


Beyond the neighbourhoods of Barra da Tijuca and Jacarepaguá, another district that has exhibited economic growth is Campo Grande. Some sports competitions in the Pan-American Games of 2007 were held in the Miécimo da Silva Sports Centre, nicknamed the 'Algodão' (Cotton) Gymnasium, and others in the Ítalo del Cima Stadium, in Campo Grande. The Pan American Games are a multi-sport event, held every four years between competitors from all nations of the Americas. ... Estádio Ítalo del Cima The Estádio Ítalo del Cima is a football stadium inaugurated on April 29, 1960 in Campo Grande neighborhood, Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro (state), with a maximum capacity of 12,000 people. ...


Demographics

According to the IBGE of 2007, there were 11,714,000 people residing in the Metropolitan Region of Rio de Janeiro. The population density was 4.781 inh./km². The last PNAD (National Research for Sample of Domiciles) census revealed the following percentage: 6,278,704 White people (53.6%), 3,935,904 Brown people (33.6%), 1,440,822 Black people (12.3%) and 58,000 Asian or Amerindian people (0.5%).[10] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,950 × 1,977 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,950 × 1,977 pixels, file size: 2. ... Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro Christ the Redeemer (Portuguese: ), is a statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... For the song by Antonio Carlos Jobim, see Corcovado (Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars). ... Location of the New Seven Wonders winners. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... White Brazilians make up 49. ... In Brazil, the Pardos are a mixture of Europeans, Blacks and Amerindians, varying from light to dark complexion, as used by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) in censuses since 1950. ... Afro-Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or mainly-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... Asian Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Asian descent. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (provoke indía gnas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ...


Different ethnic groups contributed to the formation of the population of Rio de Janeiro. Before European colonization, there were at least seven different indigenous peoples speaking 20 languages in the region. A part of them joined the Portuguese and the other the French. Those who joined the French were then exterminated by the Portuguese, while the other part was assimilated.[11] The indigenous people of Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distict ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ...


Rio de Janeiro is home to the largest Portuguese population outside of Lisbon. The Portuguese community (the oldest in the city) has left a remarkable legacy to Rio de Janeiro since the 16th century. For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ...

Famous Portuguese pavement wave pattern at Copacabana beach.
Famous Portuguese pavement wave pattern at Copacabana beach.

After independence, Rio de Janeiro remained gateway for thousands of Portuguese immigrants, mainly in the first decades of the 20th century. They were mainly poor peasants who, later, found prosperity in Rio as small traders.[12]Besides the influence on ethnicity, the Portuguese left its architecture and also the accent of the inhabitants of Rio de Janeiro, which sounds more Portuguese than the other Brazilians. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1800 pixel, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1200 × 1800 pixel, file size: 564 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Portuguese pavement in Copacabana Beach, Rio de Janeiro. ... This article or section should be merged with ethnic group Ethnicity is the cultural characteristics that connect a particular group or groups of people to each other. ... Look up Accent in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The black community, whose ancestors were brought as slaves, had a great impact in the composition of Rio's population. Nowadays, nearly half of its population is Black or part-Black. Most of the slaves in Rio came from Angola or Mozambique. Rio's carnival, with its samba, is probably the most remarkable influence from the black community.[13] Afro-Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or mainly-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... This article is about the music Samba. ...


As a result of the diversity of immigrants who came to Brazil between the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries, one may find in Rio de Janeiro many Jews, Arabs of Lebanese and Syrian origin, Italians, Spaniards, Germans and people from different parts of Brazil. An Arab Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Arab descent, sometimes including other non-Arabic Middle Eastern peoples. ...


Religion

Religion Percentage Number
Catholic 60.71% 3,556,096
Protestant 17.65% 1,034,009
No religion 13.33% 781,080
Spiritist 3.44% 201,714
Umbandist 0.4% 72,946
Jewish 0.72% 23,862

Source: IBGE 2000.[14] Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... Atheist redirects here. ... This article is about Kardecist spiritism. ... Umbanda is a religion that blends Catholicism, Kardecist Spiritualism, and Afro-Brazilian religions . ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ...


Economy

Rio de Janeiro Stock Exchange.

Rio de Janeiro became an attractive place for companies to locate when it was the capital of Brazil, as important sectors of society and of the government were present in the city. The city was chosen as headquarters for state-owned companies such as Petrobras, Caixa Econômica Federal and Vale do Rio Doce (which was privatized in the 1990s). After the transfer of the capital to Brasília, in 1960, it kept attracting more companies, especially after the discovery of oil in the Campos Basin, which produces most of the total oil production of Brazil. This made many oil and gas companies to be based in Rio de Janeiro, such as the Brazilian branches of Shell, EBX and Esso. The headquarters of BNDES, an important state institution, is also in Rio de Janeiro. The city is also the headquarters of large telecom companies, such as Intelig, Oi and Embratel. Petrobras, short for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., is a government-owned Brazilian oil company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ... Caixa Econômica Federal, also reffered to as CAIXA, is a Brazilian bank, one of the largest publicly-owned banks in Latin America. ... Companhia Vale do Rio Doce Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (CVRD) is the largest mining company in the americas. ... This article is about the capital of Brazil. ... Synthetic motor oil being poured. ... Royal Dutch Shell plc is a multinational oil company of British and Dutch origins. ... EBX can mean: A videogame retailer owned by Electronics Boutique. ... This article is about the trade name. ... The Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) is a federal public company that is associated to the Ministry of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade. ... OI may refer to: Owens-Illinois, a Fortune 500 company Optical illusion Osteogenesis imperfecta, a genetic bone disorder Oriental Institute Orphans International, a global charitable organization the benefits orphans and abandoned children Oratorical Interpretation, a forensics category The letter gha, misnamed by ISO as LATIN LETTER OI, although it is... Embratel S.A. is a major Brazilian telecommunications company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ...


Major Brazilian entertainment organizations are based in Rio de Janeiro like TV Globo (Globosat, Globo News, SportTv, Telecine, Tv Brazil), NET, Sky and WayBrazil and also some of Brazil's major newspapers: Jornal do Brasil, O Globo, O Dia, and Business Rio. // TV Globo Rio de Janeiro History In July of 1957 the President of the Republic, Juscelino Kubitschek, approved the concession of TV for the Radio Globe and, in 30 of December of the same year, the National Advice of Telecommunications published decree granting canal 4 of Rio De Janeiro to... Globosat is a multichannel, subscription-based cable and satellite TV service in Brazil, created in 1991, after the creation of cable and satellite TV services. ... Telecine (IPA pronunciation: . Phonetic: tel-e-Sin-ee; tel-e-Sin-a as cine is the same root as in cinema; also tele-seen.) is the process of transferring motion picture film into electronic form, or the machine used in this process. ... Net Serviços de Comunicação S.A. is the largest pay television operator in Brazil. ... For other uses, see Sky (disambiguation). ... The Jornal do Brasil is a daily newspaper in Brazil. ... O Globo is a Brazilian newspaper based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... O Dia is a major daily newspaper from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


Major international pharmacuetical companies have their Brazilian headquarters in Rio such us Merck, Roche, Arrow, Darrow, Baxter, Mayne, and Mappel. Merck KGaA is a German based pharmaceutical company. ... Roche is French for boulder/rock. The word is (part of) several names: // Roche Applied Science, a business area of Roche Diagnostics, a division of Hoffmann–La Roche AG, Basel, Switzerland, one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world Roche or Roches is the name or part of the... This article is about the weapon. ... Clarence Darrow ca. ... The name Baxter has several meanings. ... Mayne is a surname, and may refer Andrew Mayne Brent Mayne Cuthbert Mayne Edgar Mayne Edith Mayne Ferdy Mayne James ONeil Mayne Jasper Mayne John Mayne Kenny Mayne Laurie Mayne Lennie Mayne Mosley Mayne Paddy Mayne Richard Mayne Roger Mayne Seymour Mayne Simon Mayne Stephen Mayne Thom Mayne Thomas...


The GDP for the city was R$ 118,979,752,000 (2005).[15] GDP is an acronym which can stand for more than one thing: (in economics) an abbreviation for Gross Domestic Product. ...


The per capita income for the city was R$ 19,524 (2005).[16] Per capita income means how much each individual receives, in monetary terms, of the yearly income generated in their country. ...

Rio de Janeiro's Financial Centre.

Education

The Palácio Universitário, a 19th century Neoclassical building that serves as campus of the UFRJ. The Institutes for Economy, Education and Administration, among others, are based here.
The Palácio Universitário, a 19th century Neoclassical building that serves as campus of the UFRJ. The Institutes for Economy, Education and Administration, among others, are based here.

Portuguese is the official national language, and thus the primary language taught in schools. But English and Spanish are part of the official high school curriculum. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixels, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixels, file size: 2. ... Look up Administration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


Educational institutions

  • Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ);
  • Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica (CEFET-RJ)
  • Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV);
  • Universidade Candido Mendes (UCAM);
  • Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing (ESPM);
  • Instituto Brasileiro de Mercados e Capitais (IBMEC);
  • Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME);
  • Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio);
  • Universidade Gama Filho (UGF);
  • Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UERJ);
  • Universidade do Grande Rio (UNIGRANRIO);
  • Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (UNIRIO);
  • Universidade Estácio de Sá
  • Universidade Santa Úrsula
  • Universidade Veiga de Almeida (UVA)
  • and many others.

The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Portuguese: Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, UFRJ) is the largest federal university of Brazil, where state-owned colleges are the best and most qualified institutions. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Rio de Janeiro State University (Portuguese: Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro) is one of the largest universities in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Universidade Santa Úrsula is a university in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... This is full list of educational centers in Rio de Janeiro. ...

Culture

Music

The official song of Rio de Janeiro is "Cidade Maravilhosa", which means "marvelous city". The song is considered the "civic anthem" of Rio, and is always the favourite song during Rio's Carnival in February. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Rio de Janeiro. ... Estação Primeira de Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: ) is an annual festival in Brazil held 40 days before Easter and marks the beginning of Lent. ...


Rio de Janeiro is a very important place when studying the urban music of Brazil. They are responsible for the creation of Funk Carioca, which means funk from Rio de Janeiro. This music became a representation of the current problems residents faced in Rio. It became the largest movement in the city because it gave an outlet to many young people to voice their feelings and make money at the same time.[17] It became a social outlet for the community of Rio de Janeiro.[18] It provided places for the community to come together and appreciate the music and the culture in a peaceful manner. Race and class are ignored and people just celebrate their culture to their music.


Rio was eternalized in the super smash hit song "Garota de Ipanema" (The Girl from Ipanema) composed by Antonio Carlos Jobim and recognized worldwide and recorded by Astrud Gilberto and João Gilberto, Frank Sinatra, and Ella Fitzgerald. This is also the main key song of the bossa nova, a musical genre that was born in Rio. The Girl from Ipanema (A Garota de Ipanema) is considered the best-known bossa nova song ever written, and was a worldwide hit in the mid-1960s. ... Antônio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim (January 25, 1927 in Rio de Janeiro – December 8, 1994 in New York City), or Tom Jobim (as he is fondly known in his home country), was a Brazilian composer, arranger, singer, pianist/guitarist and one of the primary forces behind the creation... Astrud Gilberto (born March 29, 1940) is a Brazilian singer best known for her samba and bossa nova music, most famously as the vocalist on the Grammy Award winning song The Girl from Ipanema. // Astrud Gilberto was born Astrud Weinert, the daughter of a Brazilian mother and a German father... João Gilberto (born João Gilberto Prado Pereira de Oliveira on June 10, 1931 in the town of Juazeiro, Bahia) is a Brazilian musician and considered one of the co-creators, with Tom Jobim, of bossa nova. ... Sinatra redirects here. ... Ella Jane Fitzgerald (April 25, 1917 – June 15, 1996), also known as Lady Ella and the First Lady of Song, is considered one of the most influential jazz vocalists of the 20th Century. ... For other uses, see Bossa nova (disambiguation). ...


A genre unique to Rio and Brazil as a whole is Funk Carioca. While samba music continues to act as the national unifying agent in Rio, Funk Carioca found a strong community following in Brazil. First introduced in the 1970s to refer to modern black pop music from the United States, such as James Brown, it evolved in the 1990s to describe a variety of electronic music associated with the current US black music scene including hip hop, modern soul, and house music. Recognizable by the bass of the beat box, funk music could be heard in the alley ways of lower-class neighborhoods in Rio throughout the mid-1990s. Dancing and interclass mixing were significant in the "funk movement."[19] Funk Carioca means Funk from Rio in Brazilian Portuguese, and is also known as Brazilian Funk (which also relates to a 1970s musical style), Favela Funk and, elsewhere in the world, Baile Funk (the name of the party in which it is played) and also Baile Funk Carioca. ... This article is about the music Samba. ... Funk Carioca means Funk from Rio in Brazilian Portuguese, and is also known as Brazilian Funk (which also relates to a 1970s musical style), Favela Funk and, elsewhere in the world, Baile Funk (the name of the party in which it is played) and also Baile Funk Carioca. ... For other persons named James Brown, see James Brown (disambiguation). ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... House music is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. ...


Although not the capital city of Brazil, Rio has always been the symbol of Brazil’s nationality and diverse social structure. While Samba is the national unifying agent, as Brazilian national politics developed in Rio, other forms of music were implemented into the national culture of Brazil.[20] Brazil’s return to democracy in 1985 after over 20 years if military authoritarian rule, and the subsequent end of rampant censorship, allowed for a new freedom of expression which promoted creativity and experimentation in expressive culture.". This new expressive ability facilitated to access to better economic conditions and relative economic stability. This economic stability allowed for the consumption of imported goods such as hip hop. Commercial and cultural imports from Europe and North America have often influenced Brazil's own cultural output.[21] For example, the hip hop that has stemmed from New York is localied into various forms of musial production such as Funk Carioca and Brazilian hip hop. Thus, Rio has been the most important site as the melting pot of talented composers and performers of all different musical backgrounds. Democratic renewal also allowed for the recognition and acceptance of this diversification of Brazilian culture.[22] This article is about the music Samba. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Hip hop is a cultural movement that began amongst urban African American youth in New York and has since spread around the world. ... Funk Carioca means Funk from Rio in Brazilian Portuguese, and is also known as Brazilian Funk (which also relates to a 1970s musical style), Favela Funk and, elsewhere in the world, Baile Funk (the name of the party in which it is played) and also Baile Funk Carioca. ...


In some cases, Funk Carioca is also connected to gang territorial dominance in Rio's slums. The gangs fund dance parties, known as bailes, to recruit new members, update each other on local news, and engage in selling drugs.[23]


Rio de Janeiro, representing one of the largest urban areas in Brazil, is populated with a medley of ethnic types and identities. This diversity allows for it to be the major site for the country's music industry to thrive. Many active scholars in the study of pop culture, such as Livio Sansone, Samuel Araújo, and Martha Ulhoa and internationally renown recording artists such as Rick Devin are located in the heart of this city, proving it to be an imperative place for any aspiring pop culture artist to be.[24] Richard Thomas Devin (known as Rick Devin) (born July 5, 1960) in Braintree, Massachusetts, USA is a successful American Musician and Recording Artist who has been performing acoustic based folk/rock and americana music for over 25 years. ...


Carnival

Carnival in Rio, famous for its production.
Carnival in Rio, famous for its production.

The Brazilian carnival (Carnaval, in Portuguese) is an annual celebration held 40 days before Easter and marking the beginning of Lent. Rio de Janeiro has many Carnival choices, including the famous Samba school (Escolas de Samba) parades in the sambadrome exhibition centre and the popular blocos de carnaval, which parade in almost every corner of the city. The most famous ones are: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Estação Primeira de Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: ) is an annual festival in Brazil held 40 days before Easter and marks the beginning of Lent. ... For other uses, see Lent (disambiguation). ... The samba schools are samba clubs that started in the early part of the 20th century in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. ... Sambódromo is the portuguese word for Sambadrome, wich is a special avenue downtown where Samba Schools pass. ...

  • Cordão do Bola Preta: Parades in the centre of the city. It is one of the most traditional carnavals. In 2006, it gathered 200,000 people in one day.
  • Suvaco do Cristo: Band that parades in the Botanic Garden, directly below the Redeemer statue's arm. The name, in English, translates as 'Christ's armpit', and was chosen for that reason.
  • Carmelitas: Band that was supposedly created by nuns, but in fact it is just a theme chosen by the band. It parades in the hills of Santa Teresa, which have very nice views.
  • Simpatia é Quase Amor: One of the most popular parades in Ipanema. Translates as 'Friendliness is almost love'.
  • Banda de Ipanema: The most traditional in Ipanema. It attracts a wide range of revellers, including families and a wide spectrum of the gay population (notably spectacular drag queens).

In 1840 the first Carnaval was celebrated with a masked ball. As years passed, adorned floats and costumed revelers became a tradition amongst the celebrants. Carnaval is known as a historic root of Brazilian music.[25]


Cultural events

"Bloco Galinha do Meio-Dia": carnival block, in Copacabana
"Bloco Galinha do Meio-Dia": carnival block, in Copacabana

Apart from Carnaval, New Year is also a major event in Rio. It's celebrated with concerts and firework displays all around Rio, the largest one being in Copacabana beach. People wear white clothes, and some of them make offerings to Iemanjá, a deity in many of the Afro-Brazilian religions (e.g. Candomble, Umbanda, Macumba). For other uses, see Fireworks (disambiguation). ... In Yorùbá mythology, Yemoja is a mother goddess; patron deity of women, especially pregnant women; and the Ogun river (the waters of which are said to cure infertility). ... See also: List of deities Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Iya Nass - Terreiro da Casa Branca Candombl is an Afro-American religion practised chiefly in Brazil but also in adjacent countries. ... Umbanda is a religion that blends Catholicism, Kardecist Spiritualism, and Afro-Brazilian religions . ... Macumba is a word of African (Bantu) origins. ...


There are several significant museums in Rio as well. Among them are the Quinta da Boa Vista (which includes the National Museum of Brazil), the Naive Art Museum (primitives, with the largest collection of naive paintings in the world[26]), and the Indian Museum.[27] The Quinta da Boa Vista (English:Park of the Nice View) is a public park of great historical importance in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... The Museu Nacional main historical building The National Museum of Brazil (Museu Nacional in Portuguese) is a centenarian museum and research institution, located in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


Rio also has one of the world's most talked-about nightlife. Rio has a lot of nightclubs where the rich enjoy themselves and party the night away. Clubs like Baronneti, Nuth, and Catwalk are some of the country's best known and frequented by celebrities such as Ronaldo, Calvin Klein, Mick Jagger, and Naomi Campbell. Ronaldo Luis Nazário de Lima (born September 22, 1976), is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Brazil and the Italian Serie A club AC Milan. ... This article is about the corporation Calvin Klein Inc. ... Sir Michael Phillip Mick Jagger (born July 26, 1943) is a English rock musician, actor, songwriter, record and film producer and businessman. ... Naomi Campbell (born May 22, 1969) is a British supermodel. ...


Infrastructure

Airports

Rio's Galeão International Airport (GIG).
Rio's Galeão International Airport (GIG).

The City of Rio de Janeiro has five airports. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Rio de Janeiro/Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL) better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiros major international airport. ...

  • Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport: used for all the international flights and some long-haul domestic flights;
  • Santos Dumont Regional Airport: Rio de Janeiro's first airport, and formerly the International Airport. It is considered one of the best-located airports in the world because of its location between Sugar Loaf, Corcovado, the Aterro do Flamengo, and Guanabara Bay. Today it is used by the São Paulo — Rio de Janeiro Air Shuttle Service and some intrastate flights, especially to oil-producing cities in the north.
  • Aeroporto de Jacarepaguá: In the Barra da Tijuca district. It is currently used by Aeroclube do Brasil (Brasil Flying Club) with small aircraft but is planned to be used for the Rio de Janeiro - São Paulo Air Shuttle Service since it is just inside Barra, the city's fastest-growing district. The Jacarepagua Airport is the biggest heliport of world too.
  • Afonsos Air Base (Base Aérea dos Afonsos or Campo dos Afonsos): Military airport, where the Brazilian Air Force presents its aerobatic shows. It also holds the MUSAL (Museu Aero-Espacial), one of the largest aviation museums in Latin America.
  • Santa Cruz Air Base (Base Aérea de Santa Cruz): Military airport.

Rio de Janeiro have other airports in other cities of state. Galeão - Antônio Carlos Jobim International Airport (IATA: GIG, ICAO: SBGL) better known as Galeão International Airport is Rio de Janeiros major international airport. ... Santos Dumont Airport serves Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


Transportation

In Rio de Janeiro, buses are the main means of mass transportation. There are nearly 440 municipal bus lines serving over four million passengers each day, in addition to intercity lines. Although cheap and frequent, Rio's transportation policy has been moving towards trains and subway in order to reduce traffic jams and increase capacity. Driving in Rio de Janeiro, as in most large cities of Brazil, is hazardous due to aggressive driving habits, poorly maintained roads and the risk of being intercepted by bandits, especially at traffic lights.[28] Autobus redirects here. ... A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ...


Subway

Rio de Janeiro has two subway lines (Metro Rio) with 38,5 km and 32 stations plus several commuter rail lines. Future plans include building a third subway line to Niterói and São Gonçalo, including an underwater tunnel beneath Guanabara Bay to supplement the ferry service currently there.</ref> “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... Metrô Rio The Rio de Janeiro Metro (Metrô Rio) is a mass-transit underground railway network that serves the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... Nickname: Location of Niterói Coordinates: , Country Region State Rio de Janeiro Founded 22 November 1573 Incorporated 1835 Government  - Mayor Godofredo Pinto (PT) Area  - City 129. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: ã and ç. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Sao Goncalo. ... Satellite image of Guanabara Bay In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


Train

Rio de Janeiro has a large and technologically advanced urban rail transportation system.


Highways

In Brazil, most interstate transportation is done by road. A large terminal for long-distance buses is in the Santo Cristo neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. There are also two port facilities for cargo and passenger ships (Rio de Janeiro and Sepetiba port). From São Paulo: take the BR 116 (Presidente Dutra Federal Highway) or the BR-101 (Rio-Santos Federal Highway). From Belo Horizonte: BR 040. From Salvador: BR-101 or BR-324/BR-116/BR-393/BR-040. Sepetiba is in orange, in the Rio de Janeiro city map Sepetiba is a neighborhood located in the western zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, surrounded by Santa Cruz and Guaratiba neighborhoods, and by the Sepetiba Bay, where are located the beaches of Praia de Sepetiba, Praia do... This article is about the city. ... Nickname: Motto: Location of Belo Horizonte Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1901 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ... Salvador (meaning saviour in Spanish and Portuguese) can be: the Central American nation of El Salvador. ...


Distances

Brasília: 1,160 km (720 mi)
São Paulo: 430 km (270 mi)
Belo Horizonte: 450 km (280 mi)

This article is about the capital of Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ... Nickname: Motto: Location of Belo Horizonte Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region State Minas Gerais Founded 1901 Incorporated (as city) December 12, 1897 Government  - Mayor Fernando da Mata Pimentel (PT) Area  - City 330. ...

Port

The Port of Rio de Janeiro is visited by cruise boats, which travel along the Brazilian coast.

Sunrise over Guanabara Bay, viewed from Rio.
Sunrise over Guanabara Bay, viewed from Rio.

Satellite image of Guanabara Bay In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ...

Sports

More notable sports events in Rio include the MotoGP Brazilian Grand Prix and the world beach volleyball finals. Jacarepaguá was the place of Formula One Brazilian Grand Prix into 1978-1990 and the Champ Car event into 1996-1999. WCT/WQS Surf championships were contested on the beaches from 1985-2001. The city has built a new stadium, Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, to hold 45,000 people. It was named after Brazilian ex-FIFA president João Havelange. The stadium is owned by the City of Rio de Janeiro, but it is rented to Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas for 20 years.[29] Grand Prix motorcycle racing refers to the premier categories of motorcycle road racing. ... The Brazilian Grand Prix (Portuguese: Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is a Formula One championship race which occurs at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos, Brazil. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Jacarepaguá is a neighborhood in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... F1 redirects here. ... The Brazilian Grand Prix (Portuguese: Grande Prêmio do Brasil) is a Formula One championship race which occurs at the Autódromo José Carlos Pace in Interlagos, Brazil. ... “CART” redirects here. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... Look up surf on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the building type. ... Estádio Olímpico João Havelange, also known as Engenhão, is a multi-use stadium located in the Engenho de Dentro neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... This article is about the international association football organization. ... João Havelange Jean-Marie Faustin Goedefroid de Havelange (born May 8, 1916 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) was the president of FIFA from 1974 to 1998. ... Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas is a Brazilian multimodality sportive association from Rio de Janeiro. ...


Rio de Janeiro was an applicant city for the 2012 Summer Olympics but failed to make the shortlist of official candidate cities. Copacabana beach would have been the site of the triathlon and beach volleyball, while yachting competitions would have been held in Guanabara Bay. On September 2006, it was announced that Rio would bid for 2016 Summer Olympics. Depending on the quantity and the quality of bids IOC will receive from other NOCs, IOC will probably announce a shortlist of official candidate cities in early 2008, and conduct voting for the host city in 2009. London 2012 redirects here. ... This article is about a type of athletic competition. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Yachting is a physical activity involving boats. ... The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially the Games of the XXXI Olympiad, is a major international sports and cultural festival to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games as governed by the International Olympic Committee. ...


Rio de Janeiro has also a multi-purpose arena, the HSBC Arena.


Sports are very popular pastime in Rio de Janeiro. The most popular one is futebol (soccer). Rio de Janeiro is home to five traditional Brazilian soccer clubs: América Football Club, Botafogo, Flamengo, Fluminense and Vasco da Gama. Soccer redirects here. ... América Football Club, or América as they are usually called, is a traditional Brazilian football team from Rio de Janeiro in Rio de Janeiro state, founded on September 18, 1904. ... Botafogo de Futebol e Regatas is a Brazilian multimodality sportive association from Rio de Janeiro. ... Clube de Regatas do Flamengo is a Brazilian multisport club from Rio de Janeiro. ... Fluminense Football Club is a sports club based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama, usually known as Vasco da Gama or simply Vasco, (after the famous Portuguese explorer of the same name) is a Brazilian sports club from Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, founded on August 21, 1898 (although the football department started on November 5, 1915[1...

The Engenhão Stadium.
The Engenhão Stadium.

The Brazilian dance/sport/martial art capoeira is very popular. Other popular sports are beach football, beach volleyball, beach american football, surfing, kitesurfing, hang gliding, motor racing, jiu-jitsu, recreational sailing, and competitive rowing. Another sport that is highly popular in beaches of Rio is called "frescobol" (IPA[fres.ko.'bɔu̯], matkot), a type of beach tennis. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 728 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1800 × 1200 pixel, file size: 728 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article is about the building type. ... Hawaiian State Grappling Championships. ... Capoeira (IPA: ,Tupi-Guarani word for - clear area) is a Brazilian blend of martial art, game, and dance originated in Brazil during the 16th century Capoeira was created and developed by native Indians in Brazil and the slaves brought from Africa. ... Beach Football is a variation of association football (soccer) played barefoot on a beach or other sand surface. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... For other uses, see Surfing (disambiguation). ... Power kites at Coche, Venezuela Kitesurfing in the Columbia River Gorge Kitesurfers use power kites hooked into harnesses to glide through water and air Kitesurfing at Port Douglas, Australia Kitesurfing, also known as kiteboarding, involves using a power kite to pull a rider through the water on a small surfboard... Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) is a martial art and combat sport that focuses on grappling and especially ground fighting with the goal of gaining a dominant position and using joint-locks and chokeholds to force an opponent to submit. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... A coxless pair which is a sweep-oar boat. ... -1...


Rio de Janeiro is also paradise for rock climbers, with hundreds of routes all over the town, ranging from easy boulders to highly technical big wall climbs, all inside the city. The most famous, Rio's granite mountain, the Sugar Loaf (Pão de Açúcar), is an example, with routes from the easy 3rd grade (American 5.4, French 3) to the extremely difficult 9th grade (5.13/8b), up to 280 metres. Climbers on Valkyrie at the Roaches. ... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ...

The 2007 Pan American Games Opening Ceremony.
The 2007 Pan American Games Opening Ceremony.

Hang gliding in Rio de Janeiro started in mid 1970s and quickly proved to be perfectly suited for this town, because of its geography: steep mountains encounter the Atlantic Ocean, which provide excellent take-off locations and great landing zones on the beach. Starting with amateur flights, this activity soon turned into a profitable industry of tandem hang gliding with some very experienced pilots at a cost for a ride around US$100. In the Summer, between December and March, booking in advance is recommended. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3506 × 2337 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3506 × 2337 pixel, file size: 2. ... The 2007 Pan American Games were held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from July 13 to July 29, 2007. ... Hang gliding is one of the windsports. ... For other uses, see Beach (disambiguation). ...


Fishing is a very popular activity in Brazil. In Rio de Janeiro, one can expect to catch a plethora of famous Brazilian copperfish, known as peixe de cobre. Many markets sell peixes de cobre and these fish are quite popular for traditional meals. No license is required for fishing in Brazil. For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... Genera Leachimae Pristobrycon The Brazilian Copperfish, also known as peixes de cobre, is a mild-mannered breed of fish which live primarily in the area around Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...


Rio de Janeiro is one of the 18 remaining candidates to host games of the 2014 FIFA World Cup that will be hosted in Brazil.[30] The 2014 FIFA World Cup will be held in Brazil[1] and will be the 20th FIFA World Cup. ...


Team Black House is located in Rio de Janeiro. Current members are UFC standouts Anderson Silva, Antonio Rodrigo Nogueira, and Lyoto Machida. Former UFC star Vitor Belfort is also a member. For the novel by the same name, see Black house (novel). ... UFC is a TLA that can stand for Ultimate Fighting Championship Umeå FC This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article is about the mixed martial artist. ... Antonio Rodrigo Minotauro Nogueira (June 2, 1976 in Vitoria da Conquista, Brazil) is a Brazilian mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter, known for his technical mastery of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and his submission victories. ... Lyoto Carvalho Machida (born May 30, 1978 in Salvador, Brazil) is a Japanese-Brazilian professional mixed martial arts fighter. ... Vitor Vieira Belfort (born April 1, 1978 in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian mixed martial artist, who has fought both in Japan and the United States. ...


Social conditions

There are enormous disparities between rich and poor in Rio de Janeiro.[31] Although the city clearly ranks among the world's major metropolises, a large proportion of the city's 6.1 million inhabitants live in poverty. The poorest of the areas are the slums and shanty towns known as favelas; often crowded onto the hillsides, where sturdy buildings are difficult to build, accidents from heavy rainfall are frequent, and access to the sanitation and electricity can be inconsistent.[32] A boy from Jakarta, Indonesia shows his find. ... Slums in Delhi, India. ... Joe Slovo shanty town in Langa on the Cape Flats simmers after a fire (Cape Town, South Africa) Shanty town near Tijuana, Mexico. ... Look up favela in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Panoramic photo of Rocinha shanty town ("favela"), one of the largest in the world.

A unique aspect of Rio's favelas is their close proximity to the city's wealthiest districts.[33] Upper-class neighbourhoods such as Ipanema and Copacabana are squeezed in between the beach and the hills, the latter of which are covered with poor neighbourhoods. Bad public education, a poor health system combined with the saturation of the penitentiary system contribute to the overall poverty of the favelas. But the North Side, the poorest area of Rio that tourists rarely see, gathers the vast majority of Rio's famished and impoverished masses. This social contrast creates a clash between rich and poor.[34] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2600x513, 1232 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rio de Janeiro Favela Rocinha ... Panoramic photography is a style of photography that aims to create images with exceptionally wide fields of view, but has also come to refer to any photograph that is cropped to a relatively wide aspect ratio (see Panoramic format) While there is no formal definition for the point at which... Vidigal, a favela similar to Rocinha Rocinha (literally, Portuguese for small ranch) is a favela located within the South Zone of Rio de Janeiro, between the districts of São Conrado and Gávea. ... Look up favela in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Ipanema Beach Ipanema is a neighborhood located on the southern zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, between Leblon and Arpoador. ...


Crime

BOPE policemen training.
BOPE policemen training.

Rio has high crime rates, especially homicide, in poor areas dominated by drug lords, primarily in the North Zone.[35] As of 2007, the homicide rate of the greater metropolitan area stood at nearly 30 victims per week, with the majority of victims falling to mugging, stray bullets or narcoterrorism.[36][37] In 2006, 2,273 people were murdered in the city giving it a murder rate of 37.7 cases for every 100,000 people.[38] Note that these numbers have dropped considerably from 3,728 murders and a rate of 62.8 cases as registered in 2002;[39] as a comparison, London's murder rate for 2006 was 2.2 cases for every 100,000 population.[40] According to federal government research,[41] the city itself ranks 206th in the list of the 5565 most violent cities in Brazil and first in total number of firearm-related deaths. Between 1978 and 2000, 49,900 people were killed in Rio.[42] The Urban Warfare involves drug-traffic battle with police fighting against outlaws, or even corrupt policemen on their side. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... BOPE (Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais, or Special Police Operations Battalion), is the elite group of the Military Police of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ... Look up Mugging in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Fernando Belaúnde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nations anti-narcotics police. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Panamanian motor vessel Gatun during the largest cocaine bust in United States Coast Guard history (20 tons), off the coast of Panama. ...


Rio de Janeiro's low paid and ill-equipped police are violent as well, it has been said.[43] In 2007, the police allegedly killed 1,330 people in the state,[44] an increase of 25 percent over 2006 when 1,063 people were killed, in 2003 that number plateaued at 1,195. In comparison the American police killed just 347 people in whole of the United States during 2006.[45][46] The average Rio policeman earns only R$874 a month or R$10,488 (around US$6,000) a year.[47] Compounding the problem of crime is impunity. Only 3 percent of the murders are solved by Rio's police.[48]


Human development

Copacabana Palace in Copacabana.
Copacabana Palace in Copacabana.

The human development of Rio varies greatly by locality. There are neighborhoods that had very high human development indexes in 2000 (equal to or greater than the indexes of some Scandinavian countries), but also those in the medium range (in line with, for example, North Africa).[49] For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Marrakech, Morocco, in front of Atlas mountains in Maghreb The Maghreb (المغرب العربي ; sometimes also rendered Moghreb), meaning western in Arabic, is the region of the continent of Africa north of the Sahara desert and west of the Nile — specifically, the modern countries of Morocco, Western Sahara (annexed and occupied by Morocco...


Top neighborhoods and localities

  • Gávea (0.970)
  • Leblon (0.967)
  • Jardim Guanabara (0.963)
  • Ipanema (0.962)
  • Lagoa (0.959)

Neighborhoods and localities in last place:

  • Complexo do Alemão (0.711)

Lists

Parks and squares

Theatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro in the central Cinelândia square.
Theatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro in the central Cinelândia square.
  • Flamengo Park - Large park in the Flamengo neighbourhood, beside Guanabara Bay.
  • Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden – Magnificent park founded in the early 19th century.
  • Quinta da Boa Vista - Site of the palace used by the emperors of Brazil.
  • Zoological Garden of Rio de Janeiro - Located in the Quinta da Boa Vista.
  • Passeio Público - 18th century public garden in central Rio.
  • Arpoador Park
  • Parque Lage – Contains areas of woodland, gardens, aquaria and a children's playground. The School of Visual Art (Escola de Artes Visuais do Parque Lage) occupies a luxurious early 20th century building faced with Italian marble and tiles. The buildings are protected as national monuments.
  • Tijuca Forest - A huge rainforest that covers highlands which rise in the middle of the city. It is the first world's largest urban rainforest.[citation needed] There, people can find beauty, peace and they can gaze the luxurious variety of fauna and flora. Unfortunately, through the years, the forest is being threatened by illegal occupation, mainly slum which grows by the borders and put the integrity of the forest in danger. Besides it, the place remains wonderful and magic. A highly advisable place to visit.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 581 KB) Teatro Municipal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil Photographer: Roberto Tietzmann File links The following pages link to this file: Rio de Janeiro Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x960, 581 KB) Teatro Municipal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil Photographer: Roberto Tietzmann File links The following pages link to this file: Rio de Janeiro Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... Theatro Municipal of Rio de Janeiro: frontal view. ... View of Cinelândia square in 1919. ... Flamengo is the name of a neighborhood (bairro) in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Satellite image of Guanabara Bay In Portuguese, Baía da Guanabara is an oceanic bay located in southeastern Brazil in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ... Jardim Botânico The Rio de Janeiro Botanical Garden was founded in 1808 by John VI of Portugal. ... The Quinta da Boa Vista (English:Park of the Nice View) is a public park of great historical importance in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... 18th century painting showing the entrance of the Passeio Público. ... Arpoador Park map, Rio de Janeiro Brazil The Environmental Protection Area (APA) of Copacabana and Arpoador Promontories was created by Municipal Law to protect its rocky coast and native plant life species. ... The Tijuca Forest (Floresta da Tijuca in Portuguese) is a mountainous hand-planted rainforest in the heart of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ...

Famous Cariocas

View from Corcovado: Sugarloaf Mountain, left; Copacabana beach, center
View from Corcovado: Sugarloaf Mountain, left; Copacabana beach, center

Cariocas, as residents of Rio de Janeiro are called in Brazil, have made extensive contributions to Brazil's history, culture, music, literature, education, science, technology etc. – particularly when Rio de Janeiro was the federal capital and a great hub of Brazilian growth and innovation in all these areas. Some important Cariocas, who were born in Rio, are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1996 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rio de Janeiro Moonraker (film) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1704x2272, 1996 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rio de Janeiro Moonraker (film) Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Sugarloaf, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For the song by Antonio Carlos Jobim, see Corcovado (Quiet Nights of Quiet Stars). ... , Famous Portuguese pavement wave pattern at Copacabana beach. ...

Adolfo Lutz Adolfo Lutz was a Brazilian physician, 1855-1940, father of tropical medicine and medical zoology in Brazil, and a pioneer epidemiologist and researcher in infectious diseases. ... Adriano Leite Ribeiro (born February 17, 1982 in Rio de Janeiro), known simply as Adriano, is a Brazilian striker who plays for Campeonato Brasileiro Série A club São Paulo on loan from Italian Serie A club Internazionale. ... Bruno Barreto (March 16, 1955) is a Brazilian film director. ... Carlos Chagas Filho (b. ... Carlos Frederico Werneck Lacerda was a Brazilian journalist and politician, born in 1914 at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Carlos Tufvesson is a renowned fashion designer in Brazil. ... August 16, 2005 My name is Gregory L Barrett and I believe that the most fashionable people on the earth are the Children of Jesus Christ. ... Designer is a broad term for a person who designs any of a variety of things. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Carolina Solberg Salgado (Born August 6, 1987) is a Brazilian beach volleyball player. ... Angenor de Oliveira, known as Cartola (Portuguese for top hat), (October 11, 1908 – November 30, 1980) was born in Rio de Janeiro, in a neighborhood called Catete. ... Cazuza (April 4, 1958 — July 7, 1990) was a Brazilian composer, singer and poet, born Agenor Miranda Araújo Neto in Rio de Janeiro. ... Chico Buarque (full name: Francisco Buarque de Hollanda; born June 19, 1944 in Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian singer, composer, dramatist and writer. ... Bruno Campos Bruno Campos (b. ... Fernanda Montenegro (born October 16, 1929) is an Academy Award-nominated Brazilian film, stage and television actress. ... Fernando Henrique Cardoso, pron. ... Hélio Oiticica (1937 - 1980) was a Brazilian painter, sculptor, plastic artist and performance artist. ... Heitor Villa-Lobos (March 5, 1887 - November 17, 1959) was a Brazilian composer, possibly the best-known classical composer born in South America. ... Ivan Guimarães Lins (b. ... Sérgio Jaguaribe, known as Jaguar, (born February 29, 1932) is a Brazilian cartoonist and comics artist. ... José Eugênio Soares, best known as Jô Soares (January 16, 1938) is a Brazilian comedian, talk show host, author and musician. ... Jorge Ben Jor is a Brazilian popular musician, born in Rio de Janeiro on March 22, 1942 (some sources say 1940). ... Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis (June 21, 1839 - September 29, 1908) was a Brazilian realist novelist, poet and short-story writer born in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Marisa Monte is a Brazilian popular singer, and one the biggest stars of contemporary MPB. She was born on July 1, 1967 in Rio de Janeiro. ... Millôr Fernandes (born August 16, 1923), sometimes called only Millôr, is a Brazilian cartoonist, humorist and playwright. ... Milton Nascimento (born 26 October 1942) is a singer-songwriter who is considered one of the icons of Brazilian Music. ... Nelson Piquet Souto Maior (born August 17, 1952), more commonly known as Nelson Piquet, is a Brazilian racing driver who was Formula One world champion in 1981, 1983, and 1987. ... Noel de Medeiros Rosa (Rio de Janeiro, 11 December 1910 - 4 May 1937) was a brazilian singer, composer and guitar/banjo player. ... Oscar Niemeyer Oscar Niemeyer Soares Filho (born December 15, 1907) is a Brazilian architect who is considered one of the most important names in international modern architecture. ... Paulinho da Viola performing in 1997 Paulinho da Viola (born Paulo César Batista de Faria on November 12, 1942) is a Brazilian sambista, singer/songwriter, guitar, cavaquinho and mandolin player, known for his sophisticated harmonies and soft, gentle singing voice Born in Rio de Janeiro to a family deeply... Paulo Coelho (IPA: ) (born August 24, 1947) is a Brazilian lyricist and novelist. ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ... Alfredo da Rocha Vianna Filho, better known as Pixinguinha (1898-1973) was a Choro composer, arranger, flutist and saxophonist born in Rio de Janeiro. ... Choro, also called chorinho, is a Brazilian popular music style. ... Ricardo Arona (July 17, 1978) is a Brazilian mixed martial arts fighter and a member of Brazilian Top Team. ... Rita de Cássia Coutinho, known as Rita Cadillac (June 13, 1954, Rio de Janeiro) is a Brazilian dancer and singer. ... Royce Gracie, pronounced Hoyce Gracie (born December 12, 1966) is a professional mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter and Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu practitioner. ... Romário de Souza Faria (born January 29, 1966), better known simply as Romário, is a Brazilian legendary football center forward who helped the Brazil national team win the 1994 FIFA World Cup and has been one of the most prolific strikers in the world since the 1990s, having... Ronaldo Luis Nazário de Lima (born September 22, 1976), is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a striker for Brazil and the Italian Serie A club AC Milan. ... Sérgio Vieira de Mello (March 15, 1948 – August 19, 2003) was a Brazilian United Nations (UN) diplomat who worked for the UN for over 34 years, earning respect and praise around the world for his efforts in the humanitarian and political programs of the UN. He was killed in... Silvio Santos (born Senor Abravanel on December 12, 1930) is a TV show host in Brazil and owner of SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network. ... The father of Brazilian soul music, Tim Maia (September 28, 1942 - March 15, 1998), born Sebastião Rodrigues Maia in Rio de Janeiro, never hid his true nature from his fans, his prospective employers, or the law. ... Antonio Carlos Jobim (born Antonio Carlos Brasileiro de Almeida Jobim, January 25, 1927 - December 8, 1994), also called Tom Jobim, was a Brazilian composer, arranger, singer, pianist and one of the greatest legends of bossa nova. ... For other uses, see Bossa nova (disambiguation). ... Vinicius de Moraes (October 19, 1913 - July 9, 1980), born as Marcus Vinícius da Cruz de Melo Morais in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was a seminal figure in contemporary Brazilian music. ... Walter Salles (2002) Walter Moreira Salles Jr. ... Arthur Antunes Coimbra (born in March 3, 1953), better known as Zico , is a former Brazilian footballer and coach. ... Fabrizio Moretti (nicknamed Fab) is the drummer in the American band The Strokes. ... For other uses, see Stroke (disambiguation). ...

Miscellaneous

Rio has been used as a backdrop for many films, such as Academy Award-nominated Central do Brasil (Central Station, 1998) and Cidade de Deus (City of God, 2002); Moonraker (1979), Blame It on Rio (1984), Tropa de Elite (Elite Squad, 2007), The Incredible Hulk (2008), and of course classics like Orfeu Negro (Black Orpheus, 1959) and L'Homme de Rio (Man From Rio, 1964). Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Central do Brasil (released as Central Station on the English speaking market) is a Brazilian film from 1998. ... City of God (Portuguese: Cidade de Deus) is an Academy Award-nominated 2002 Brazilian film, released in its home country in 2002 and worldwide in 2003. ... Moonraker is a 1979 spy film. ... Blame it on Rio is a 1984 romantic comedy film, written by Charlie Peters and Larry Gelbart and directed by Stanley Donen. ... Tropa de Elite (English working title: Elite Squad) is a Brazilian film released on October 5, 2007. ... For the 2003 film, see Hulk (film). ... Black Orpheus (Orfeu Negro) is a 1959 Brazilian film by French director Marcel Camus. ... Lhomme de Rio (That Man From Rio) is a very entertaining and popular 1964 adventure movie, directed by Philippe de Broca and starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and Françoise Dorléac (sister of Catherine Deneuve). ...


In The Simpsons episode "Blame it on Lisa", the family visited Rio de Janeiro in a search of a missing Brazilian orphan boy that Lisa had been secretly sponsoring. Simpsons redirects here. ... Blame it on Lisa is an episode from the thirteenth season of The Simpsons in which the family goes to Brazil in search of Lisas pen pal, a Brazilian orphan named Ronaldo. ...


In CSI: Miami episode "Rio" the cops arrived in the city to hunt down a drug trafficker. CSI: Miami is a spinoff of the popular CBS network series CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. ...


Featured/recreated in the video games Driver 2, the very first version of Simcity, Forza Motorsport, SOCOM II: U.S. Navy SEALs, Tony Hawk's Pro Skater 3, Tony Hawk's Downhill Jam. The popular Half-life game mod, Counter-strike featured a level (cs_rio) that pictured a favela in Rio de Janeiro, which caused an order to prohibit sales of the game in Brazil.[50] In the game World of Warcraft there is a place in Stranglethorn Vale called Janerio's Point, with a statue of a goblin in the same pose as the Redeeming Christ statue. This article is about computer and video games. ... Driver 2 Take A Ride screenshot in Chicago (PlayStation) Driver 2 Take A Ride screenshot in Rio de Janeiro (PlayStation) Driver 2 Mission screenshot in Chicago (PlayStation) Driver 2: The Wheelman is Back (named Driver 2: Back on the Streets in Europe) is the second installment of the Driver video... This article is about the first installment in the series of computer and video games. ... Forza Motorsport is a racing simulator video game developed by Microsoft Game Studios for the Xbox gaming system. ... SOCOM II: U.S. Navy SEALs is a tactical shooter video game for PlayStation 2 and the sequel for SOCOM: U.S. Navy SEALs. ... Tony Hawks Pro Skater 3, often called THPS3, is a video game in the Tony Hawks series. ... Tony Hawk’s Downhill Jam is a video game based on the Tony Hawk series. ... Half-Life For a quantity subject to exponential decay, the half-life is the time required for the quantity to fall to half of its initial value. ... Look up mod in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Counter-Strike (CS) is a popular team-based mod of Valves first-person shooter (FPS) Half-Life. ... World of Warcraft (commonly abbreviated as WoW) is a massive multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) developed by Blizzard Entertainment and is the fourth game in the Warcraft series, excluding expansion packs and the cancelled Warcraft Adventures: Lord of the Clans. ...


The Harbour of Rio de Janeiro was declared one of the Seven Wonders of the Natural World by CNN. For other uses, see Wonders of the World (disambiguation). ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ...


Rio de Janeiro was also mentioned in Mel Brooks' The Producers as being the place the Max Bialystock and Leo Bloom would escape to after their sure-fire-flop musical. In the 2005 version, they sing a song about Rio entitled "You'll Find Your Happiness in Rio". This page is about the 1968 film. ...


In the popular Ender's Shadow series, Rio de Janeiro is the location of Peter Wiggin's Hegemon Headquarters. Enders Shadow is a 1999 parallel novel by Orson Scott Card with a plot covering the events in Enders Game from the point of view of a supporting charactor named Bean. ... In the science fiction story Enders Game and its sequels, Peter Wiggin is Enders (or Andrews) older brother. ...


In the series Lupin III, Rio is visited on many occasions. One time for a robbery of the Maracana Stadium, where they stuffed the ticket money inside the famous Christ the Redeemer statue and nearly escaped. Lupin the 3rd and Lupin the Third redirect here. ...


References

  1. ^ Floresta da Tijua(Portuguese)
  2. ^ Folha de S. Paulo website, "Número de homicídios cai no Brasil", published 30 January 2008, retrieved 14 February 2008. See the.xls file linked in the article.
  3. ^ BBC NEWS | Americas | Rio hit by deadly gang violence
  4. ^ FOXNews.com - Brazil to Send Federal Troops to Rio de Janeiro to Quell Gang Violence - International News | News of the World | Middle East News | Europe News
  5. ^ Estimativas para 1° de Julho de 2006 (Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  6. ^ Área Territorial Oficial (Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  7. ^ Rio de Janeiro Destination Guide from The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
  8. ^ Average Conditions, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. BBC Weather Center. Retrieved 2007-12-03.
  9. ^ Engelbrecht Ferreira, Daniel Ernesto (April 2005). Poluição afeta Pedra Branca (Portuguese). O Globo. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.
  10. ^ (2007) Síntese de Indicadores Sociais 2007 (PDF) (in Portuguese), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  11. ^ http://paginas.terra.com.br/educacao/Ludimila/indiosrj.htm
  12. ^ http://www1.ibge.gov.br/brasil500/portugueses.html
  13. ^ http://www1.ibge.gov.br/brasil500/negros/origem.html
  14. ^ Sistema IBGE de Recuperação Automática - SIDRA
  15. ^ (2005) GDP (PDF) (in Portuguese), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  16. ^ (2005) per capita income (PDF) (in Portuguese), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: IBGE. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2007-07-18. 
  17. ^ Behague, Gerard. "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985-95)." Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90
  18. ^ Beat Diaspora: Beats, Buses, Bricks: Ele gosta de baile funk
  19. ^ Sansone, Livio. "The Localization of Global Funk in Bahia and Rio." In Brazilian Popular Music & Globalization, 135-60. London: Routledge, 2002.
  20. ^ Behague, Gerard. "Globalization/Modernization: Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985–95)" Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.
  21. ^ britannica.com/Brazil
  22. ^ Behague, Gerard. "Globalization/Modernization: Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985–95)" Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.
  23. ^ Maxwell, Roberto. "Tá Tudo Dominado." You Tube. 12 February 2006. You Tube, LLC. 13 February 2008 <http://youtube.com/watch?v=2W-eRFztVX0>
  24. ^ Behague, Gerard. "Rap, Reggae, Rock, or Samba: The Local and the Global in Brazilian Popular Music (1985-95)." Latin American Music Review 27, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2006): 79-90.
  25. ^ Brazilian Music: Roots 3
  26. ^ Museum home page
  27. ^ Museum home page
  28. ^ Driving in Rio de Janeiro
  29. ^ Botafogo vai administrar estádio olímpico do Engenhão. Correio Web. Retrieved on 2007-08-28.
  30. ^ FIFA.com - Brazil confirmed as 2014 hosts
  31. ^ Disparities between rich and poor
  32. ^ accidents from heavy rainfall in favelas
  33. ^ favelas in rio de janeiro
  34. ^ social contrast in rio
  35. ^ http://rss.news.yahoo.com/imgrss/events/wl/041807riodrugsguns
  36. ^ Lula: Onda de violência no Rio não é crime comum, é terrorismo - O Globo Online
  37. ^ Terra Notícias - Informações em tempo real sobre Brasil, Mundo, Esportes e Gente
  38. ^ O DIA Online - Rio no mapa da morte
  39. ^ Mapa da violência Brasil 2006 (PDF) (Portuguese) pp. 37, 41. Organização dos estados Ibero-Amricanos para a educação, Ciência e cultura. Retrieved on 2007-11-07.
  40. ^ Homicides, Firearm Offences and Intimate Violence 2006/07 (PDF) p. 34. Home Office. Retrieved on 2008-06-17.
  41. ^ Folha de S. Paulo website, "Número de homicídios cai no Brasil", published 30 January 2008, retrieved 14 February 2008. See the.xls file linked in the article.
  42. ^ O Dia Online
  43. ^ violence in rio
  44. ^ O Dia Online
  45. ^ Blog da Renajorp: Polícia do Rio mata 41 civis para cada policial morto
  46. ^ UOL - área restrita
  47. ^ Salário de PM do Rio só perde para Alagoas - Jorge Antonio Barros: O Globo Online
  48. ^ Cidades violentas perdem negócios David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies
  49. ^ (2000) HDI (PDF) (in Portuguese), Rio, Brazil: PNUD. ISBN 85-240-3919-1. Retrieved on 2008-01-09. 
  50. ^ Counter-strike screen shot. Nashalife.ru. Retrieved on 2007-07-18.

is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Australian Weather Channel with the same name, see The Weather Channel, Australia The Weather Channel (TWC) is a cable and satellite television network that broadcasts weather and weather-related news 24 hours a day. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... O Globo is a Brazilian newspaper based in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 240th day of the year (241st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Common Era (or Anno Domini), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This is a list of mayors of Rio de Janeiro from the most recent See also: mayors in Brazil. ... Niterói is a city in Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. ... Anthem November 15th Capital (and largest city) Rio de Janeiro Demonym Fluminense Government  -  Governor Sérgio Cabral Filho  -  Vice Governor Luís Fernando de Sousa Area  -  Total 43,696. ...

Sister cities

Rio de Janeiro's sister cities are: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

  • Unofficially twinned with Leith, Scotland.[citation needed]

Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: Ä°stanbul) (the former Constantinople, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... This article is about the Cuban city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Location of Niterói Coordinates: , Country Region State Rio de Janeiro Founded 22 November 1573 Incorporated 1835 Government  - Mayor Godofredo Pinto (PT) Area  - City 129. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nova Friburgo is a city located in a valley surrounded by mountains in the east-central of Rio de Janeiro state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Downtown Oklahoma City The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South Motto: Nickname: Capital of the New Century Founded 1889 Incorporated County Oklahoma County Cleveland County Canadian County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Mick Cornett Area  - Total  - Water 1,608. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City of Brazil, is a town in the state of Rio de Janeiro, about 60 km from the states capital. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Motto: Patriam Charitatem et Libertatem Docui (Latin: To the homeland I taught charity and liberty) Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Settled 1546 Incorporated 1839 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Tavares Papa (PMDB) Area  - City 280. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... São José do Vale do Rio Preto is a municipality located in the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... This article is about the city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Teresópolis (informally known as Terê) is a municipality in the state of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, near Petrópolis. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Miami redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... This article is the city in Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... , Nickname: Location of Jeddah Coordinates: , Country Province Established 500+ BC Joint Saudi Arabia 1925 Government  - Mayor Adil Faqeeh  - City Governor Mishal Al-Saud  - Provincial Governor Khalid al Faisal Area  - Urban 1,320 km² (509. ... The Water of Leith looking upriver from the docks, with the old buildings along Leith Shore including The Kings Wark and The Old Ship Hotel and Kings Landing. ...

External links

Find more about Rio de Janeiro on Wikipedia's sister projects:
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Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

Official

  • (Portuguese) Official homepage (some pages available in (English))
  • Rio De Janeiro Webcams
  • Riotur
  • Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE)

Education

  • (Portuguese) CGMAX - Computer Graphics University at Rio de Janeiro
  • (Portuguese) UVA-Rio - Veiga de Almeida University of Rio de Janeiro
  • (Portuguese) PUC-Rio - the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro
  • (Portuguese) UFRJ Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • (Portuguese) UFRRJ Rural Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
  • (Portuguese) UERJ - University of Rio de Janeiro State
  • (Portuguese) UNIRIO - Federal University of Rio de Janeiro State
  • (Portuguese) UCAM - Universidade Candido Mendes
  • (English) Escola Americana do Rio de Janeiro - (American School of Rio de Janeiro)
  • (Portuguese) Universidade Estácio de Sá - (Estacio de Sa University)

Photos

  • Images of Rio— Hundreds of images from the 1920s to the present
  • Corcovado Immersive Virtual Tour
  • Images of Rio de Janeiro

Tourism

  • Rio de Janeiro travel guide from Wikitravel
  • (Portuguese) Maplink - Rio de Janeiro Street Guide and Maps

Coordinates: 22°54′S 43°14′W / -22.9, -43.233 (Rio de Janeiro) The International Olympic Committee (IOC) accepted nine cities as applicants to bid on hosting the 2012 Summer Olympics. ... London 2012 redirects here. ... London 2012 was the successful bid for the 2012 Summer Games, to be held in London with most events taking place in Stratford, Newham. ... Paris 2012 was one of the five short-listed bids for the 2012 Summer Olympics, proposing that the games be held in Paris, France. ... Madrid 2012 was one of the five short-listed bids for the 2012 Summer Games. ... The New York City 2012 Olympic bid was one of the five short-listed bids for the 2012 Summer Olympics, ultimately won by London 2012. ... Moscow 2012 is one of the five short-listed bids for the 2012 Summer Games, and is to be held in Moscow, Russia. ... The International Olympic Committee (IOC) accepted nine cities as applicants to bid on hosting the 2012 Summer Olympics. ... At the 117th IOC Session, Londons bid for the 2012 Summer Olympics emerged victorious among bids from Madrid, Moscow, New York City and Paris. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of contiguous urban areas of the world ordered according to population (as of 2007). ... For other uses, see Tokyo (disambiguation). ... For the town of Yokohama in Aomori Prefecture, see Yokohama, Aomori. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Short name Statistics Location map Map of location of Seoul. ... This article is about the city. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... Jakarta (also DKI Jakarta), is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location of Mexico City Coordinates: , Country Federal entity Boroughs The 16 delegaciones Founded c. ... This article is about the city. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... For other uses, see Osaka (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Japanese city. ... For other uses, see Kyoto (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Peking redirects here. ... For other uses, see Shenzhen (disambiguation). ... Location of Istanbul on the Bosphorus Strait, Turkey Coordinates: , Country Turkey Region Province Istanbul Founded 667 BC as Byzantium Roman/Byzantine period AD 330 as Nova Roma (original name given in 330 and used during Constantines reign) and later Constantinople (following Constantines death in 337) Ottoman period 1453... This article is about the capital of France. ... For other uses, see Lagos (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with Karachay-Cherkessia. ... Nagoya ) is the fourth largest city in Japan. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Saigon redirects here. ... Nickname: Map of the Dem. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tehran (disambiguation). ... Dhaka (previously Dacca; Bengali: Ḍhākā; IPA: ) is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. ... Bogota redirects here. ... Ruhr Area within Germany Map of the Ruhr Area The Ruhr Area, also called simply Ruhr, (German Ruhrgebiet, colloquial Ruhrpott or Kohlenpott) is an urban area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, consisting of a number of large formerly industrial cities bordered by the rivers Ruhr to the south, Rhine to... Essen is a city in the center of the Ruhr Area in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. ... Düsseldorf (IPA: ) is the capital city of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. ... Madras redirects here. ... CITIC Plaza Guangzhou (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; jyutping : Gwong²zau¹) is the capital and a sub-provincial city of Guangdong Province in the southern part of the Peoples Republic of China. ...   (Urdu: لاہور, Punjabi: لہور, pronounced ) is the capital of the Punjab and is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city. ... This article is about the city in South Africa. ... A map of Gauteng, showing the East Rand. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... Dongguan (Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a prefecture-level city in central Guangdong province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Baghdad (Arabic: ) is the capital of Iraq and of Baghdad Governorate. ... Motto: Together Aspire - Together Achieve Location in the province of Ontario, Canada Coordinates: , Country Province Incorporated June 9, 1846[1] Government  - Mayor Fred Eisenberger  - City Council Hamilton City Council  - MPs List of MPs Dean Allison Chris Charlton David Christopherson Wayne Marston David Sweet  - MPPs List of MPPs Sophia Aggelonitis Andrea... Motto: Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Location of Santiago commune in Greater Santiago Coordinates: , Region Province Foundation February 12, 1541 Government  - Mayor Raúl Alcaíno Lihn Area 1  - City 22. ... Miami redirects here. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see San José. Nickname: Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California Location of San Jose with the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Pueblo founded November 29, 1777 Incorporated March 27, 1850 Government  - Type charter city, mayor-council  - Mayor Chuck Reed  - Vice... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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