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Encyclopedia > Rio Grande do Sul
Rio Grande do Sul
Flag of Rio Grande do Sul
Map of Brazil highlighting the state
See other Brazilian States
Capital Porto Alegre
Largest City Porto Alegre
Area 282,062 km²
Population
  - Total
  - Density

10.845.087
38,49 inh./km²
Governor Yeda Crusius (PSDB)
Demonym Gaúcho or rio-grandense
HDI (2004) 0.834 (high)
Timezone GMT-3
ISO 3166-2 BR-RS

Rio Grande do Sul ( pronunciation  pron. IPA: [ʁiu 'gɾɐ̃.de do suɫ];[1] lit. "Great River of the South") is the southernmost state of Brazil, and the state with the fourth highest Human Development Index (HDI).[2] Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is a list of flags of Brazils 26 flags ad the federal district. ... Image File history File links Brazil_State_RioGrandedoSul. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Yeda Crusius is the governor of the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... The Brazilian Social Democracy Party (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira) is a political party in Brazil. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... TimeZone is an Internet forum for discussion of watches and horology. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... ISO 3166-2 codes for Brazil cover 1 Federal District and 26 states. ... Image File history File links Br-RioGrandeDoSul. ... Image File history File links Br-RioGrandeDoSul. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ...

Contents

Geography

Rio Grande do Sul is bordered to the north by the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, on the south by Uruguay, and to the west by Argentina. Santa Catarina is a state in southern Brazil. ...


The northern part of the state lies on the southern slopes of the elevated plateau extending southward from São Paulo across the states of Paraná and Santa Catarina, and is much broken by low mountain ranges whose general direction across the trend of the slope gives them the appearance of escarpments. A range of low mountains extends southward from the Serra do Mar of Santa Catarina and crosses the state into Uruguay. West of this range is a vast grassy plain devoted principally to stock-raising - the northern and most elevated part being suitable in pasturage and climate for sheep, and the southern for cattle. East of it is a wide coastal zone only slightly elevated above the sea; within it are two great estuarine lagoons, the Lagoa dos Patos and Lagoa Mirim, which are separated from the ocean by two sandy, partially barren peninsulas. The coast is one great sand beach, broken only by the outlet of the two lakes, called the Rio Grande, which affords an entrance to navigable inland waters and several ports. There are two distinct river systems in Rio Grande do Sul - that of the eastern slope draining to the lagoons, and that of the La Plata basin draining westward to the Uruguay River. São Paulo is a state in Brazil. ... Other meanings: Paraná, Argentina, Paraná River Paraná is one of the states of Brazil, located in the southern part of the country, bordering Paraguay and Argentina. ... Guarumbi, part of Serra do Mar in the state of Paraná Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast, from the state of Esp... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Lagoa dos Patos from satellite Lagoa dos Patos is the second largest lagoon in Latin America. ... Lagoa Mirim is a large estuarine lagoon which extends from southern Rio Grande do Sul state in Brazil into northern Uruguay. ... The term Rio de la Plata may refer to the following: Rio de la Plata, a river in the U.S. Territory of Puerto Rico River Plate, an Estuary in South America This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Sunset in the Uruguay River Map of the Uruguay River The Uruguay River (in Spanish, Río Uruguay, pronounced ) is a river in South America. ...


The larger rivers of the eastern group are the Jacuí, Sinos, Caí, Gravataí and Camacuã, which flow into the Lagoa dos Patos, and the Jaguarão which flows into the Lagoa Mirim. All of the first named, except the Camaquã, discharge into one of the two arms or estuaries opening into the northern end of Lagoa dos Patos, which is called the Guaíba River, though in reality it is not a river. The Jacuí River is a river in Rio Grande do Sul state of southern Brazil. ... The Jaguarão River (Portuguese Rio Jaguarão, Spanish Río Yaguarón) forms the border between Uruguay and Rio Grande do Sul state in southernmost Brazil. ... The Guaíba River is a waterway in Rio Grande do Sul state of southern Brazil. ...

Tower in Nova Petrópolis - example of German influence in the city's architecture

The Guaíba River is broad, comparatively deep and about 35 miles long, and with the rivers discharging into it affords upwards of 200 miles of fluvial navigation. The Jacuí is one of the most important rivers of the state, rising in the ranges of the Coxilha (Cuchilla) Grande of the north and flowing south and southeast to the Guaíba estuary, with a course of nearly 300 miles It has two large tributaries, the Vacacaí from the south and the Taquari from the north, and many small streams. The Jaguarão, which forms part of the boundary line with Uruguay, is navigable 26 miles up to and beyond the town of Jaguarão. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Nova Petrópolis is a municipality in the Southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... This article is about building architecture. ... Jaguarão is a town in the southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande Do Sul located on the shores of the Jaguarao River bordering Uruguay. ...

Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul
Porto Alegre, the capital of Rio Grande do Sul

In addition to the Lagoa dos Patos and Lagoa Mirim there are a number of small lakes on the sandy, swampy peninsulas that lie between the coast and these two, and there are others of a similar character along the northern coast. The largest lake is the Lagoa dos Patos (Lake of the Patos - an Indian tribe inhabiting its shores at the time of European discovery), which lies parallel with the coastline, northeast and southwest, and is about 133 miles long exclusive of the two arms at its northern end, 25 and 35 miles long respectively, and of its outlet, the Rio Grande, about 24 miles long. Its width varies from 22 to 36 miles. The lake is comparatively shallow and filled with sand banks, making its navigable channels tortuous and difficult. The Lagoa Mirim occupies a similar position farther south, on the Uruguayan border, and is about 108 miles long by 6 to 22 miles wide. It is more irregular in outline and discharges into Lagoa dos Patos through a navigable channel known as the São Gonçalo Channel. A part of the lake lies in Uruguayan territory, but its navigation, as determined by treaty, belongs exclusively to Brazil. Both of these lakes are evidently the remains of an ancient depression in the coastline shut in by sand beaches built up by the combined action of wind and current. They are of the same level as the ocean, but their waters are affected by the tides and are brackish only a short distance above the Rio Grande outlet. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1628 KB) Summary Descrição: Porto Alegre Fonte: Adreson Fotógrafo/Pintor: Eurivan Barbosa Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brazil Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1628 KB) Summary Descrição: Porto Alegre Fonte: Adreson Fotógrafo/Pintor: Eurivan Barbosa Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Brazil Metadata This file contains... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... The São Gonçalo Channel is a navigable channel connecting two large coastal lagoons, Lagoa Mirim and Lagoa dos Patos, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. ... Brackish water is water that is saltier than fresh water, but not as salty as sea water. ...


Fully one-third of the state belongs to the La Plata drainage basin. Of the many streams flowing northward and westward to the Uruguay, the largest are the Ijuí of the plateau region, the Ibicuí, which has its source near Santa Maria in the central part of the state and flows westward to the Uruguay a short distance above Uruguaiana, and the Quaraí River which forms part of the boundary line with Uruguay. The Uruguay River itself is formed by the confluence of the Canoas and Pelotas rivers. The Pelotas, which has its source in the Serra do Mar on the Atlantic coast, and the Uruguay River forms the northern and western boundary line of the state down to the mouth of the Quaraí, on the Uruguayan frontier. The Ibicuí River (Ibicuí means ground of sand in the Tupi-Guarani language) is a river in Rio Grande do Sul state of southern Brazil. ... Uruguaiana is an important city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul Categories: Brazil geography stubs | Cities in Brazil ... The Quaraí River (Portuguese Rio Quaraí, Spanish Río Cuareim) is a tributary of the Uruguay River. ... The Canoas River is a river in Santa Catarina state of southern Brazil. ... The Pelotas Rivers is a river in southern Brazil, and a tributary of the Uruguay River. ... Guarumbi, part of Serra do Mar in the state of Paraná Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast, from the state of Esp...


Climate

Rio Grande lies within the south temperate zone and has a mild, temperate climate, except in the coastal zone where it is subtropical. There are only two well-marked seasons, though the transition periods between them (about two months each) are sometimes described as spring and autumn. The winter months, June to September, are characterized by heavy rains and by cold westerly winds, called minuanos, which sometimes lower the temperature to the freezing point, especially in the mountainous districts. Snow is very rare, but ice frequently forms on inland waters during cold winter nights, only to disappear with the first rays of the sun. In summer, which is nominally a dry season, light rains are common, northerly and easterly winds prevail, and the temperature rises to 95° (35°C) in the shade. Cases of insolation are not rare. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rio Grande do Sul Pelotas ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 467 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rio Grande do Sul Pelotas ... Nickname: Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1812 Incorporated 1832 (town)   1835 (city) Government  - Mayor Adolfo Antônio Fetter Jr. ... For the usage in virology, see temperate (virology). ... Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. ...


Ecoregions

Several ecoregions cover portions of the state. In the northeastern corner of the state, between the Serra do Mar/Serra Geral and the Atlantic, lies the southern extension of the Serra do Mar coastal forests, a belt of evergreen tropical moist forests that extend north along the coastal strip as far as Rio de Janeiro state. The high plateau behind the Serra do Mar is occupied by the Araucaria moist forests, a subtropical forests characterized by evergreen, laurel-leaved forests interspersed with emergent Brazilian Pines (Araucaria angustifolia). The Paraná-Paraíba interior forests lie on the lower slopes of the plateau south and east of the Araucaria forests, including much of the lower basin of the Jacuí and its tributaries. These forests are semi-deciduous, with many trees losing their leaves in the summer dry season. The Atlantic Coast restingas, distinctive forests which grow on nutrient-poor coastal dunes, extend along the coast, as far as the Uruguayan border. An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Guarumbi, part of Serra do Mar in the state of Paraná Serra do Mar (Portuguese for Mountain Range of the Sea) is a 1,500 km long system of mountain ranges and escarpments in Southeastern Brazil, which runs in parallel to the Atlantic Ocean coast, from the state of Esp... NT0160 (in blue) stretching along eastern Brazilian coast. ... Rio de Janeiro is one of the 26 states of Brazil (plus the Federal District). ... The Araucaria moist forests are a subtropical moist forest ecoregion of southern Brazil and northeastern Argentina. ... Binomial name Araucaria angustifolia (Bertol. ... The Paraná-Paraíba interior forests, also known as the Alta Paraná Atlantic forests, is a tropical moist forest ecoregion of southern Brazil, northeastern Argentina, and eastern Paraguay. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The southern and eastern portion of the state is covered by the Uruguayan savanna, which extends south into Uruguay. The Uruguayan savanna, also known as the Brazilian-Uruguayan savanna, is a subtropical grassland and savanna ecoregion which includes all of Uruguay and southernmost Brazil. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1549x2996, 1256 KB) Catedral de São João Batista (Santa Cruz do Sul) own photo, two digital photos stitched together File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1549x2996, 1256 KB) Catedral de São João Batista (Santa Cruz do Sul) own photo, two digital photos stitched together File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... São João Batista Cathedral in front of Getúlio Vargas Square in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Santa Cruz do Sul Oktoberfest 2003 logo Oktoberfest 2003 Queens in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Santa Cruz do Sul is a city...

History

Despite being mainly rural for much of its early history, Rio Grande do Sul served as the launching pad for several wars Brazil waged against its southern and western neighbors. It also was a focal point for internal rebellion in the 19th century. Getulio Vargas, who led Brazil as dictator from 1930 and later was elected president in 1950, was a native of Rio Grande do Sul (known as gaúchos). Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (April 19, 1883 - August 24, 1954) was the president of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1950 to his suicide in 1954. ... For other uses, see Gaucho (disambiguation). ...


Rio Grande do Sul's prairies have been the scene of bloody wars: the dispute between Portugal and Spain for the Sacramento Colony, the Guarani Missions War, the War of Tatters, the Federalist Revolution, the Maurers Revolt and the Vargas's levant. Department Colonia Department Altitude 27m Coordinates 34º 47S 57º 84W Founded 1680 Founder Manuel Lobo Population 21,714 (2004) Phone Code +052 Postal Code 70000 Lighthouse at Colonia de Sacramento Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos... Combatants Rio-Grandense Republic Empire of Brazil Commanders Bento Gonçalves da Silva Antônio de Souza Netto Giuseppe Garibaldi General Lima e Silva War of Tatters (in Portuguese: Guerra dos Farrapos, Revolução Farroupilha) was a Republican uprising that began in the southern Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul and...


In 1738 the territory (which included the present state of Santa Catarina) became the Capitania d'el Rei and was made a dependency of Rio de Janeiro. Territorial disputes between Spain and Portugal led to the occupation by the Spanish of the town of Rio Grande (then the capital of the capitania) and neighbouring districts from 1763 to 1776, when they reverted to the Portuguese. The capture of Rio Grande in 1763 caused the removal of the seat of government to Viamão at the head of Lagoa dos Patos; in 1773 Porto dos Cazaes, renamed Porto Alegre, became the capital. In 1801 news of war between Spain and Portugal led the inhabitants of Rio Grande to attack and capture the seven missions and some frontier posts held by the Spaniards since 1763; since 1801 the boundary lines established by treaty in 1777 have remained unchanged. Nickname: Noiva do Mar Location of Rio Grande Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Sul State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1737 City status 1835 Mayor Janir Branco (PMDB) Area    - City 2,813. ... Viamão is a city in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ...


The districts of Santa Catarina and Rio Grande had been separated in 1760 for military convenience, and in 1807 the latter was elevated to the category of a capitania-geral, with the designation of "Sao Pedro do Rio Grande," independent of Rio de Janeiro, and with Santa Catarina as a dependency. In 1812 Rio Grande and Santa Catarina were organized into two distinct comarcas, the latter becoming an independent province in 1822 when the Empire of Brazil was organized. This is a list of the comarques (singular comarca) of Catalonia. ... The Empire of Brazil was a political entity that comprised present-day Brazil under the rule of Emperors Pedro I and his son Pedro II. Founded in 1822, it was replaced by a republic in 1889. ...

Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Serra Gaúcha's region shown here in this 1997 photo
Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Serra Gaúcha's region shown here in this 1997 photo

In 1835 a separatist movement broke out in the province and lasted ten years. It was eventually eliminated through the use of money and favors than by force of arms; but the province suffered in the struggle and did not recover for many years. It is of interest that Giuseppe Garibaldi joined the separatists for a while before he moved on and eventually became an hero in his native Italy. In 1865 a Paraguayan army invaded the state and on 5 August occupied the town of Uruguaiana. In the following year in September, however, the Paraguayan General Estigarribia surrendered without a fight - an unusual occurrence in the War of the Triple Alliance. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1976x3368, 7056 KB) Parque do Caracol in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Brasil) in October 1997 - original negative was Kodak Gold 200 - scanned on Sept. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1976x3368, 7056 KB) Parque do Caracol in Canela, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil (Brasil) in October 1997 - original negative was Kodak Gold 200 - scanned on Sept. ... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela, part of the Serra Gaúcha The Serra Gaúcha, The Gaucho Mountain Range, is the mountainous region of northeastern Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil. ... Garibaldi in 1866. ... Uruguaiana is an important city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul Categories: Brazil geography stubs | Cities in Brazil ... Combatants Paraguay Uruguay, Argentina, Empire of Brazil Commanders Francisco Solano López † José E. Díaz Pedro II of Brazil Duke of Caxias Bartolomé Mitre Venancio Flores Strength at the beginning of the war ca. ...


Political agitations were frequent in Rio Grande do Sul, but no important revolution occurred after the "ten years' war" (1835-45) until the presidency at Rio de Janeiro of General Floriano Peixoto, whose ill-considered interference with the state governments led to the revolt of 1892-94, under Gumersindo Saraiva. In this struggle the revolutionists occupied Santa Catarina and Paraná, capturing Curitiba, but were eventually overthrown through their inability to obtain munitions of war. An incident in this struggle was the death of Admiral Saldanha da Gama, one of the most brilliant officers of the Brazilian navy and one of the chiefs of the naval revolt of 1893-94, who was killed in a skirmish on the Uruguayan border towards the end of the conflict. Floriano Vieira Peixoto (1839–1895) was Brazilian soldier and politician, born in Ipioca (nowadays a district in the city of Maceió), in the State of Alagoas and veteran of the War of the Triple Alliance, second President of Brazil. ... Location of Curitiba Country Brazil Region Sul State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ...


In the far western area of the state are the remnants of Brazil's 17th century Jesuit missions or reductions (aldeias) to the Guaraní Indians. Important to the region, it should be noted that Jesuit Father Roque Gonzales, also known as Roque Gonzales de Santa Cruz, who arrived from Paraguay on the 3rd of May of 1626 to establish the Saint Nicolas mission (today known as São Nicolau), was the first white person to enter in what is today know as the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Of all the ruins left behind by the vanished Guarani Missions, the most significant one is São Miguel or São Miguel Arcanjo, located nearby the present city of Santo Ângelo. There is an ongoing Light and Sound (or Som e Luz in Portuguese) show presented at the ruins of the São Miguel church. Originally part of Uruguayan territory it was lost in the Uruguayan struggle for independence. Uruguay could have lost all of the Rio Grande do Sul area if not for the help of Argentina, which wanted to defeat Brazil. (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Roque Gonzales is a town and municipality located in the northwestern region of the southernmost state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... There are communes that have the name Saint-Nicolas (French for Saint Nicholas) in France: In France Saint-Nicolas, in the Pas-de-Calais d partement Related Saint-Nicolas-aux-Bois, in the Aisne d partement Saint-Nicolas-dAliermont, in the Seine-Maritime d partement Saint-Nicolas-dAttez... Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões... Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões... The Cathedral Angelopolitana in Santo Ângelo, Rio Grande do Sul - the cathedral was built in the 1920s on the same spot as the Santo Ângelo reduction built by Jesuits and the Guarani in the 18th century - the Cathedral is modeled after the ancient São Miguel das Missões mission...


Demographics

As of the census of 2006, the population was 10.963.219 hab. The population density was 38,9 hab./km².

One of the Gramado City entry gates with German architecture, decorated for Christmas with plastic poinsettias.

Rio Grande do Sul's population consists primarily of the descendants of European immigrants, especially Portuguese, Italians, and Germans and, to a much smaller extent, groups of Afro-Brazilians, Poles, Spanish, Russians, Lithuanians, Ukrainians and Jews. In the 1960s, a number of Japanese immigrants settled in various parts of the state, most notably in the town of Ivoti. Image File history File linksMetadata Gramado_portao. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gramado_portao. ... One of the Gramado City entry gates ingeniously decorated for Christmas with plastic poinsettias Rio Grande do Sul State Road RS-235 within Gramado city limits - the road is lined by blue hydrangea flowers Gramado is a small touristic town to the southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of... Christmas is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... Binomial name Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ... Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ...


The first German immigrant families arrived in Rio Grande do Sul in 1824 at the town of São Leopoldo, and within the next one hundred years an estimated quarter of a million Germans settled in Brazil, mostly in Rio Grande do Sul and the neighboring state of Santa Catarina. São Leopoldo is a Brazilian city located in the south state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Flag of Santa Catarina See other Brazilian States Capital Florianópolis Largest City Joinville Area 95,442. ...


Most of the German speakers in southern Brazil spoke or eventually adopted the Hunsrückisch dialect so that it became the most commonly used German dialect in this part of the world and is still spoken by millions today (also referred to as Riograndenser Hunsrückisch to differentiate it from the Hunsrückisch spoken in Germany). German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... Hunsrückisch is a German dialect spoken in the Hunsrück region of Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz). ... A dialect (from the Greek word διάλεκτος, dialektos) is a variety of a language characteristic of a particular group of the languages speakers. ... Riograndenser Hunsrückisch (hunsriqueano riograndense) is a Brazilian variation of the German dialect Hunsrückisch, which is originally from the Hunsrück region of Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz). ...


In its 180 years of history Riograndenser Hunsrückisch has been greatly influenced by other German dialects (such as Pomeranian, Pfälzisch) and by immigrant languages such as the national language, Portuguese but also to some degree by Italian. Riograndenser Hunsrückisch (hunsriqueano riograndense) is a Brazilian variation of the German dialect Hunsrückisch, which is originally from the Hunsrück region of Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz). ... Stefan RamuÅ‚ts Dictionary of the Pomeranian (Kashubian) language, published in Kraków, 1893 Pomeranian language edition of Wikipedia Pomeranian is a group of Lechitic dialects which were spoken in the Middle Ages on the territory of Pomerania, between the Oder and Vistula rivers. ... Pfälzisch (Palatinate German) is a West Franconian dialect of German which is spoken in the Rhine Valley between the cities of Zweibrücken, Kaiserslautern and Mannheim. ...


Talian is a uniquely Brazilian variety of Italian not spoken anywhere else in the world. The emergence of Talian in Rio Grande do Sul happened because of the great variety of Italian dialects that came together into a fairly compact and specific geographical location of the state. Talian is frequently called Vêneto because it is close to the Venetian language spoken in Italy's Veneto region. Talian (Brazils Italian/o italiano do Brasil) is a variety of Italian spoken mainly in the wine-producing area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. ... Talian (Brazils Italian/o italiano do Brasil) is a variety of Italian spoken mainly in the wine-producing area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ...


Italian immigrants began arriving in the area in the late 1800s, settling mostly in the hilly Northeastern parts of Rio Grande do Sul. Soon the region became the most important grape and wine-producing region in Brazil. Although the climate does not favor the production of the finest wines, the last few years have seen great progress in winemaking, especially with white sparkling wines.


All minority languages in southern Brazil have experienced a significant degree of decline in the last few decades, not only immigrant languages such as Italian or Talian and German, but also the indigenous languages of the Kaingang (also spelled Kaingáng, Cainguangue, etc.) and the Guaraní. Talian (Brazils Italian/o italiano do Brasil) is a variety of Italian spoken mainly in the wine-producing area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul in Brazil. ... Indigenous languages of the Americas (or Amerindian Languages) are spoken by indigenous peoples from the southern tip of South America to Alaska and Greenland, encompassing the land masses which constitute the Americas. ... The Kaingang people are spread out over the four southern Brazilian states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. ... Guaraní is the name for a group of culturally related indigenous peoples of South America, distinguished from the related Tupi by their use of the Guaraní language. ...

São Miguel das Missões
São Miguel das Missões

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 732 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Es:Ruinas jesuíticas de San Miguel Arcángel en la ciudad de São Miguel das Missões, en Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 732 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Es:Ruinas jesuíticas de San Miguel Arcángel en la ciudad de São Miguel das Missões, en Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. ... Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões...

Rio Grande do Sul Ethnic Groups

According to the 2005 PNAD census[3], the racial makeup of the state was:

“Whites” redirects here. ... Pardo is a term for a mixed-race Brazilian. ... Afro-Brazilian or African Brazilian is the term used to racially categorise Brazilian citizens who are black or part-black, yet it is rarely used in Brazil. ... The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... Asian Brazilian is a Brazilian-born person of Asian descent. ...

Rio Grande do Sul's demographics History

The region what is now Rio Grande do Sul was originally settled by Amerindian peoples, mostly Guarani and Kaingangs[4]. European settlement started in 1627 with Spanish jesuits. Portuguese jesuits established Indian Reductions in 1687 and dominated the region. Most of the Indians of the region became Catholics and went to live among the Jesuits. These reductions were destroyed by the Bandeirantes from São Paulo in the 18th century, who wanted to enslave the Indians. The Indigenous peoples in Brazil (povos indígenas in Portuguese) comprise a large number of distinct ethnic groups who inhabited the countrys present territory prior to its discovery by Europeans around 1500. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Kaingang people are spread out over the four southern Brazilian states of São Paulo, Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Reductions (known as Reducciones de Indios or simply Reducciones in Spanish) were towns founded by the Spanish colonizers of the New World with the purpose of assimilating indigenous populations into European culture and religion. ... The Monument to the Bandeiras, a stone sculpture group by Victor Brecheret, located in São Paulo, Brazil Bandeirantes were participants in the Bandeiras, expeditions organized by the inhabitants of the then poor village of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga together with allied Indians to enslave other Indians... This article is about the city. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


The Portuguese settlement in Rio Grande do Sul was largely increased between 1748 and 1756, with the arrival of two thousand immigrants from the Azores Islands, Portugal. They settled many parts of the state, including the nowadays capital, Porto Alegre. Immigration is the act of moving to or settling in another country or region, temporarily or permanently. ... Portuguese) are an archipelago of Portuguese islands situated in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, about 1,500 km from Lisbon and about 3,900 km from the east coast of North America. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ...


Blacks were 50% of Rio Grande do Sul's population in 1822. This number decreased to 25% in 1858 and to only 5.2% in 2005. Most of them came from Angola to work as slaves in the cattle farms. Nowadays, the Black community is mostly concentrated in the Porto Alegre region.[5] This article is about the color. ... Wiktionary has related dictionary definitions, such as: slave Slave may refer to: Slavery, where people are owned by others, and live to serve their owners without pay Slave (BDSM), a form of sexual and consenual submission Slave clock, in technology, a clock or timer that synchrnonizes to a master clock... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... For other uses, see Farm (disambiguation). ...


German immigrants first arrived to Southern Brazil in 1824. They were attracted to Brazil to protect the country from invasions of the neighboring countries and to populate the empty interior of the Southern region. The first city to be settled by them was São Leopoldo. In the next five decades, other 28 thousand Germans were brought to the region to work as small farmers in the countryside.[6] First group of German immigrants arrived in Brazil, by Ernst Zeuner, 1824 A German-Brazilian (German Deutschbrasilianer or Deutschbrasilianisch, Portuguese teuto-brasileiro or germano-brasileiro) is a Brazilian person of German ancestry/origin (i. ... São Leopoldo is a Brazilian city located in the south state of Rio Grande do Sul. ...


Italian immigrants started arriving in Rio Grande do Sul in 1875. They were mostly poor peasants from Veneto, Northern Italy, who were attracted to Southern Brazil to get their own lands. Italian immigration to the region lasted until 1914, with a total of 100 thousand Italians settling there in this period. Most of the immigrants worked as small farmers, mainly cultivating grapes in the Serra Gaúcha part of the state.[7] Italo-Brazilian or Italian-Brazilian (Italian: italo-brasiliano, Portuguese: ítalo-brasileiro) is a Brazilian citizen of full or partial Italian ancestry. ... Veneto or Venetia, is one of the 20 regions of Italy. ... Northern Italy encompasses nine of the countrys 20 autonomous regions: Emilia-Romagna Friuli-Venezia Giulia Liguria Lombardia Piemonte Toscana Trentino-Alto Adige Valle dAosta Veneto Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige and Valle dAosta are regions with a special statute. ... It has been suggested that Veraison be merged into this article or section. ... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela, part of the Serra Gaúcha The Serra Gaúcha, The Gaucho Mountain Range, is the mountainous region of northeastern Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil. ...


Other European immigrants also migrated to Rio Grande do Sul, mostly coming from Eastern Europe (Poland, Ukraine and Russia). For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Pre-1989 division between the West (grey) and Eastern Bloc (orange) superimposed on current national boundaries: Russia (dark orange), other countries of the former USSR (medium orange),members of the Warsaw pact (light orange), and other former Communist regimes not aligned with Moscow (lightest orange). ...


Economy

Araucaria forest in Southern Brazil.

One of the most prosperous Brazilian states, Rio Grande do Sul is known especially for grain production, viticulture, ranching, and for its considerable industrial output. Constituting less than 6% of the total Brazilian population, the state accounts for nearly 10% of the Brazilian GDP. The main products exported by Rio Grande do Sul are shoes, tobacco, automobiles, grains, beef, leather, and chemicals. Natives of the state are known as Gaúchos, named after the cattle herders and ranchers who settled the state's pampa regions. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The southern region of Brazil (Sul in portuguese) is characterized by its high standard of living, the highest in the country, as of 2004, the states of Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul had an average of ~0. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... shoe for right foot A shoe is a piece of footwear for humans, less than a boot and more than a slipper. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in genus Nicotiana. ... Car redirects here. ... An assortment of grains The word grain has a great many meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Modern leather-working tools Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattlehide. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ... This article is about the lowland plains in South America. ...


Education

Portuguese language is the official language of schools. But English language and Spanish language are part of the official high school curriculum. Portuguese (  or língua portuguesa) is a Romance language that originated in what is now Galicia (Spain) and northern Portugal from the Latin spoken by romanized Celtiberians about 1000 years ago. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... This article is about the international language known as Spanish. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ...


Colleges and universities

The Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Portuguese Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, UFRGS in shorthand) is among the largest federal universities of Brazil, where public universities are often among the most qualified institutions. ... The Federal University of Pelotas is a higher-learning facility with campuses in Pelotas and Capão do Leão in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... The Catholic University of Pelotas is a private religious university located in Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Universidade Federal de Santa Maria is a federal university located in Santa Maria, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... The Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos (also known as Unisinos) is a university located in the city of São Leopoldo, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... The Universidade Luterana do Brasil (Lutheran University of Brazil, also known as Ulbra) is a university located in the city of Canoas, in the State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ...

Culture

The state of Rio Grande do Sul is renowned as one of the most culturally rich states of Brazil. Rio Grande's music is a blend of many styles (Prata's Rhythms in the main), including the Chamamé, Milonga, Polca and Chacarera. The inhabitants of the state are famous in the country for drinking chimarrão, a local version of the mate drunk in neighbouring Uruguay and Argentina. Barbecue locally known as "churrasco" is one of the most important elements the culture. Rio Grande do Sul's culture is far from a typical Brazilian one. Fashion plays a prominent role in Rio Grande do Sul, by far the largest provider of top models and misses in Brazil - Misses Rio Grande do Sul have won 5 of the last 10 editions -, Allesandra Ambrosio, Gisele Bündchen, Ana Hickmann, Letícia Birkheuer are some of the international super models from Rio Grande do Sul. The Riograndenses are assiduous readers. The state has the highest proportion of books read per capita in Brazil, with Latin America's largest outdoor book fair, the Porto Alegre Book Fair, taking place in Porto Alegre every year. Chamamé is a folk music genre from the Argentine Mesopotamia (Littoral). Jesuit Reductions in the area impulsed a cultural growth in the area that lasted until the Jesuits were expelled by the Spanish Crown in the late 18th century. ... Milonga is a South American form of music, as dance, as the term for the place where tango is danced. ... Chacarera is a folk dance and music originated in the northwest of Argentina in the 19th century. ... Chimarrão or cimarrón is a South American traditional beverage. ... Mate Mate (pronounced ) is a caffeinated infusion prepared by steeping dried leaves of erva-mate (Portuguese) / yerba mate (Spanish) (Ilex paraguariensis) in hot water. ... Alessandra Corine Ambrósio (born April 11, 1981) is a Brazilian supermodel. ... Gisele Caroline Nonnenmacher Bündchen (born July 20, 1980), is a Brazilian supermodel who has been acclaimed as the highest-paid model in the world. ... Ana Hickmann (born March 1, 1981 in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) is a professional supermodel. ... Letícia Birkheuer (born April 25, in Passo Fundo, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil) is a Brazilian model. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


Carnival

The four-day period before Lent leading up to Ash Wednesday is carnival time in Brazil. Rich and poor alike forget their cares as they party in the streets.


Minority Languages

Minority languages spoken in Rio Grande do Sul can be divided into two groups: Indigenous languages (Guarani, Caingangue, etc.) and European derived Languages (German, Venetian/Italian, Riograndenser Hunsrückisch (a German dialect) and Pomeranian Low German (Low Saxon), Polish and other Slavic languages). A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a country. ... Guaraní (gwah-rah-nee) [gwarani] (local name: avañeẽ) is a language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and southwestern Brazil. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Riograndenser Hunsrückisch (hunsriqueano riograndense) is a Brazilian variation of the German dialect Hunsrückisch, which is originally from the Hunsrück region of Germany (Rheinland-Pfalz). ... Low German (in Low German, Platt(düütsch) or Nedderdüütsch) is any of a variety of West Germanic languages spoken in northern Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. ...  Countries where a West Slavic language is the national language  Countries where an East Slavic language is the national language  Countries where a South Slavic language is the national language The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup...


Infrastructure

International Airport

With 37.6 thousand square meters of constructed area and four levels, the passenger terminal at Salgado Filho International Airport can receive 28 large airplanes simultaneously. The terminal has 32 check-in counters, ten boarding bridges, nine elevators and ten escalators. It has a totally automated aircraft movement control center and the main spaces are air conditioned. The apron, surfaced with prestressed concrete, can serve jumbo jets like the Boeing 747-400. The garage structure has eight levels, 44 thousand square meters and 1,440 parking spaces. Another terminal, with 15 thousand square meters and capacity for 1.5 million passengers a year, serves general, executive and third-tier aviation (conventional piston-engine and turboprop planes). Porto Alegre Airport was the first one administered by Infraero to have integrated check-in. This service offers flexibility in use of terminal facilities and installations, enabling carriers to access their own data centers via shared-use computers from any check-in counter position. This makes it much easier to allocate counter space according to demand fluctuations, making for less idle space. The Aeroshopping area – a center for commerce and leisure – operates 24 hours a day with shops, services, a food court, along with a triplex cinema, the first to be established at a Brazilian airport. Salgado Filho International Airport also has an air cargo terminal, built in 1974, with 9,500 thousand square meters of area and capacity to handle 1,500 tons of export cargo and 900 tons of imports each month. The average daily movement (arrivals and departures) is 174 aircraft, flying scheduled routes connecting Porto Alegre directly or indirectly to all the country’s other major cities, as well as smaller cities in the interior of the states of the South Region and São Paulo. There are also international flights with direct connections to cities of the Southern Cone. Salgado Filho International Airport (IATA: POA, ICAO: SBPA) is the airport in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ...


Port

Porto de Rio Grande; Porto de Porto Alegre; Porto de Estrela.


Highways

BR-101; BR-386; BR-116; BR-290, and more others.


Tourism

Serra Gaúcha
Serra Gaúcha

Ecotourism is very popular in the Germanesque cities of Gramado and Canela; their cold weather is among their attractions for internal tourism. Tourism is also high in the wine regions of the state, principally Caxias do Sul and Bento Gonçalves. The pampas of the native Brazilian gaúcho are both a national and international curiosity to tourists and their customs are alive in the capital city of Porto Alegre as well as in the cities of the "interior" or western Rio Grande do Sul such as Santa Maria and Passo Fundo. The state is also home to the historic São Miguel das Missões, the ruins of an 18th century Jesuit Mission. In the city of Nova Prata, in way the native bush, you find a park thematic, with sources that gush out thermal waters in a temperature of 41°C, which possess excellent medicinal properties and therapeutical. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela, part of the Serra Gaúcha The Serra Gaúcha, The Gaucho Mountain Range, is the mountainous region of northeastern Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism which appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious. ... One of the Gramado City entry gates ingeniously decorated for Christmas with plastic poinsettias Rio Grande do Sul State Road RS-235 within Gramado city limits - the road is lined by blue hydrangea flowers Gramado is a small touristic town to the southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela Canela (pop. ... “Tourist” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Called Monumento ao Imigrante, was made with stones in 1950 to commemorate the 75º anniversary of the italian colonization São Pelegrinos Church has the most important masterworks of the italian painter Aldo Locatelli. ... Maria Fumaça train in Bento Gonçalves Bento Gonçalves is a city located in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Gauchos fight dramatization A gaucho is a South American cattle herder, the equivalent to the North American cowboy in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and (with the spelling gaúcho) southern Brazil, and formerly the Falkland Islands. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... City Seal Santa Maria is a city in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: Better every day Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1827 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Airton Lângaro Dipp Area  - City 780 km²  (301. ... Façade of São Miguel das Missões Interior view of the ruins of São Miguel das Missões Movie still from The Mission - the set recreates what São Miguel das Missões may have looked like in the 18th century São Miguel das Missões... Nickname: Capital Nacional do Basalto Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. ...


Tourist Routes

The state of Rio Grande do Sul and its cities have developed a series scenic routes to appeal to tourists. The Rota Romântica is a popular scenic drive that exhibits the diverse Germanic culture of the mountainous regions of the state referred to as the Serra Gaúcha. One can visit the state's Italian settlements through Caminhos da Colônia, tour the wine country through the Rota da Uva e do Vinho and visit a subsection of the Rota Romântica called the Região das Hortênsias, the region filled with beautiful blue hydrangea flowers each spring. Rota Romântica scenic tourist bypass The Rota Romântica is an hilly scenic route which runs through 13 municipalities located in the Serra Gaucha or its foothill in the Southernmost Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela, part of the Serra Gaúcha The Serra Gaúcha, The Gaucho Mountain Range, is the mountainous region of northeastern Rio Grande do Sul state in southern Brazil. ... Image of grapes like the ones grown in this region of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Caminhos da Colônia, Portuguese for Pathways of the Colony, is a scenic tourist route of four settlements in the Serra Gaúcha in the state of Rio Grande do Sul in southern Brazil. ... Beautiful blue hortênsia (in English hydrangea) flowers in the Região das Hortênsias in Rio Grande do Sul The Região das Hortênsias, in English Hydrangea Flower Region, is a scenic tourist route in the Serra Gaúcha in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Species See text Hydrangea (common names also Hydrangea, in English pronounced IPA , and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70-75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia (from Japan to China, the Himalaya and Indonesia) and North and South America. ...


Main Towns

The Airplane Square in Canoas
The Airplane Square in Canoas

Porto Alegre (the state's capital city), Caxias do Sul, Pelotas, Canoas, Santa Maria, São Leopoldo, Novo Hamburgo, Rio Grande, Passo Fundo, Osório, Santa Cruz do Sul, Erechim, Gravataí, Bento Gonçalves, Nova Prata, Uruguaiana, Livramento, Gramado, Nova Petropolis, Canela and Bagé. Image File history File links Aviao-1-.jpg‎ Um dos pontos mais famosos de Canoas é a Praça Santos Dumont, mais conhecida como Praça do Avião. ... Image File history File links Aviao-1-.jpg‎ Um dos pontos mais famosos de Canoas é a Praça Santos Dumont, mais conhecida como Praça do Avião. ... Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Established June 27, 1939 Government  - Mayor Marcos Antônio Ronchetti (PSDB) Area  - City 131. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Government  - Mayor José Fogaça (PPS) Area  - City 496. ... Called Monumento ao Imigrante, was made with stones in 1950 to commemorate the 75º anniversary of the italian colonization São Pelegrinos Church has the most important masterworks of the italian painter Aldo Locatelli. ... Nickname: Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: , Country Region State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1812 Incorporated 1832 (town)   1835 (city) Government  - Mayor Adolfo Antônio Fetter Jr. ... Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Established June 27, 1939 Government  - Mayor Marcos Antônio Ronchetti (PSDB) Area  - City 131. ... Santa Maria is a city in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul, the southernmost state of Brazil. ... São Leopoldo is a Brazilian city located in the south state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Novo Hamburgo is a city in the southernmost Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Nickname: Noiva do Mar Location of Rio Grande Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Sul State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1737 City status 1835 Mayor Janir Branco (PMDB) Area    - City 2,813. ... Nickname: Motto: Better every day Location in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Rio Grande do Sul Founded 1827 Incorporated 1857 Government  - Mayor Airton Lângaro Dipp Area  - City 780 km²  (301. ... Osório is a city in Rio Grande Do Sul, Brazil. ... São João Batista Cathedral in front of Getúlio Vargas Square in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Santa Cruz do Sul Oktoberfest 2003 logo Oktoberfest 2003 Queens in Santa Cruz do Sul, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil Santa Cruz do Sul is a city... Erechim is a city in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Gravataí is a city near Porto Alegre at the Rio Grande do Sul State. ... Maria Fumaça train in Bento Gonçalves Bento Gonçalves is a city located in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ... Nickname: Capital Nacional do Basalto Geographical subdivisions of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Uruguaiana is an important city in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul Categories: Brazil geography stubs | Cities in Brazil ... Obelisk of the Praça Internacional, at the Fronteira da Paz, cities of Santana do Livramento (Brasil and Rivera (Uruguay). ... One of the Gramado City entry gates ingeniously decorated for Christmas with plastic poinsettias Rio Grande do Sul State Road RS-235 within Gramado city limits - the road is lined by blue hydrangea flowers Gramado is a small touristic town to the southeast of Caxias do Sul and east of... Nova Petrópolis is a municipality in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Waterfall in Parque do Caracol in Canela Canela (pop. ... Bagé is a town and a municipality in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. ...


See also:

Municipalities of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil This is a list of the municipalities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. ... 1 - Porto Alegre 2 - Caxias do Sul 3 - Pelotas 4 - Canoas 8 - Novo Hamburgo 10 - São Leopoldo Largest cities in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil by population, in descending order: 21 - Santana do Livramento - 98,681 22 - Cachoeira do Sul - 89,669 23 - Alegrete - 88,513...

Sports

Rio Grande do Sul provides visitors and residents with various sport activities. The soccer clubs most popular are:

Grêmio is a Brazilian football team team from Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, founded on September 15, 1903. ... Internacional is a Brazilian football team from Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul, founded on April 4, 1909. ...

Same Sex Civil Union

The only Brazilian state to have done so as of 2007, Rio Grande do Sul legalised civil unions after a court decision in February 2005.[8] Same-sex couples in committed relationships can register at any notary public office. Although it does not affect federal rights, it gives same-sex couples more equality in many areas. Same-sex couples who register have the right to jointly own property, establish custody of children, and claim the right to pensions and property when one partner dies. February 2005 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December - → Pope John Paul II is taken to a hospital suffering from a serious case of influenza. ...


References

  1. ^ The presented pronunciation is in Brazilian Portuguese variant spoken in Rio Grande do Sul. Other prossible pronunciations in Brazil are: IPA: [xiu 'gɾɐ̃.dʒi du suw] (Rio de Janeiro), IPA: [ʁiu 'gɾɐ̃.dzi du suw] (São Paulo) and IPA: [xiu 'gɾɐ̃.di du su] (Northeast). The European Portuguese pronunciation is: /ʁiw 'gɾɐ̃.ð(ɨ) du suɫ/.
  2. ^ IPEADATA (in Portuguese)
  3. ^ http://www.ibge.gov.br/home/estatistica/populacao/condicaodevida/indicadoresminimos/sinteseindicsociais2006/indic_sociais2006.pdf
  4. ^ http://www.paginadogaucho.com.br/indi/grupo.htm
  5. ^ http://www.riogrande.com.br/historia/colonizacao6.htm
  6. ^ http://www.mre.gov.br/CDBRASIL/ITAMARATY/WEB/ingles/consnac/imigra/alemaes/index.htm
  7. ^ http://www.mre.gov.br/CDBRASIL/ITAMARATY/WEB/ingles/consnac/imigra/italiano/index.htm
  8. ^ Tribunal de Justiça, "Decisão dá base legal para casamento entre pessoas do mesmo sexo"

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Brazilian Portuguese (Português Brasileiro in Portuguese) is the group of dialects of Portuguese written and spoken by virtually all the 190 million inhabitants of Brazil and by a couple million Brazilian immigrants, mainly in the United States, Portugal, Canada, Japan, and Paraguay. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... European Portuguese (also named Continental Portuguese or Lusitanian Portuguese) is a group of Portuguese dialects spoken in Portugal. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


External links

  • (Portuguese) Official Site

Brazil is divided into twenty-six estados (states; singular estado) and one district, the Distrito Federal (Federal District) which contains the capital city, Brasília. ... Flag of Acre See other Brazilian States Capital Rio Branco Largest City Rio Branco Area 152 522 km² Population   - Total   - Density 557 526 3. ... Flag of Alagoas See other Brazilian States Capital Maceió Largest City Maceió Area 27 818 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2 822 621 101. ... Flag of Amapá See other Brazilian States Capital Macapá Largest City Macapá Area 142 816 km² Population   - Total   - Density 477 032 3. ... Flag of Amazonas See other Brazilian States Capital Manaus Largest City Manaus Area 1 570 947 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3,332,330 inh. ... Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ... The Brazilian Federal District (in Portuguese, Distrito Federal) is set apart for Brasília, the capital of Brazil. ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... Maranhão is one of the states of Brazil in the north-eastern region. ... Flag of Mato Grosso See other Brazilian States Capital Cuiabá Largest City Cuiabá Area 903,357. ... Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Campo Grande Largest City Campo Grande Area 358,158. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Flag of Pará See other Brazilian States Capital Belém Largest City Belém Area 1. ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ... Flag of Paraná See other Brazilian States Capital Curitiba Largest City Curitiba Area 199,544 km² Population   - Total   - Density 9,150,000 48 inh. ... Flag of Pernambuco See other Brazilian States Capital Recife Largest City Recife Area 98,281 km² Population   - Total   - Density 7,918,344 80. ... Flag of Piauí See other Brazilian States Capital Teresina Largest City Teresina Area 250,934 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2,750,000 11 inh. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Norte See other Brazilian States Capital Natal Largest City Natal Area 53,015 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2,770,730 52. ... Flag of Rondônia See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Velho Largest City Porto Velho Area 238,512. ... Flag of Roraima See other Brazilian States Capital Boa Vista Largest City Boa Vista Area 225,116. ... Flag of Santa Catarina See other Brazilian States Capital Florianópolis Largest City Joinville Area 95,442. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... Flag of Sergipe See other Brazilian States Capital Aracaju Largest City Aracaju Area 21,994 km² Population   - Total   - Density 1,712,786 77. ... Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rio Grande do Sul | Definition | Information | Explanation | Review | WikiCity.com - Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, Free ... (748 words)
Rio Grande do Sul is the southernmost state in Brazil.
Rio Grande do Sul's population consists primarily of the descendants of European immigrants, especially Portuguese, Italians, Spaniards, and Germans but to a much smaller extent, very small groups of Poles, Russians, Lithuanians, Ukrainians, Jews and later on in the 1960s, some Japanese immigrants settled in different areas of the state.
The first German immigrant families arrived in Rio Grande do Sul in 1824 and in the following century an estimated quarter of a million Germans settled in the country, mostly in Rio Grande do Sul and the neighboring state of Santa Catarina.
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