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Encyclopedia > Rio Grande
Rio Grande
Map of the Rio Grande Watershed.
Origin southern Colorado, in Saguache County
Mouth Gulf of Mexico; Cameron County, Texas, and Matamoros municipality, Tamaulipas
Basin countries United States, Mexico
Length 3,034 km (1,885 mi)
Source elevation 3,900 m (12,800 ft) at source to sea level at mouth
Avg. discharge averages 160m³/sec
Basin area 607,965 km² (234,737 sq mi)

Known as the Rio Grande in the United States and as the Río Bravo (or, more formally, the Río Bravo del Norte) in Mexico, the river, 1,885 miles (3,034 km) long, is the third longest river system in the United States.[1] Río Bravo may mean: Río Bravo del Norte, or Río Bravo, the name given in Mexico to the river known in the USA as the Rio Grande. Río Bravo, Suchitepéquez, a town in Guatemala. ... Rio Grande means big river in Spanish and Portuguese and may refer to the Rio Grande river, or to a number of different things: Cities and political divisions Argentina: Rio Grande, Jujuy Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego Bolivia: Rio Grande, Potosí Río Grande (Bolivia), a tributary of the... Image File history File links Riogrande_watershed. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Saguache County is a county located in the U.S. state of Colorado. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... Cameron County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Tamaulipas is a state in the northeast of Mexico. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (blue outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (green lines) of a contiguous area. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... River Wey near its source at Farringdon, Hampshire Headstream is the origin of water flow that initiates the subject watercourse. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... In hydrology, the discharge of a river is the volume of water transported by it in a certain amount of time. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other uses, see River (disambiguation). ... “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ...

Contents

Description

The Rio Grande rises in the San Juan Mountains of the U.S. state of Colorado, flows through the San Luis Valley, then south into New Mexico through Albuquerque and Las Cruces to El Paso, Texas, where it begins to form the border between the U.S. and Mexico. A major tributary, the Río Conchos, enters at Ojinaga, Chihuahua, below El Paso, and supplies most of the water in the 1,254 miles (2,018 km) Texas border segment. Other known tributaries include the Pecos and the smaller Devils, which join the Rio Grande on the site of Amistad Dam. Despite its name and length, the Rio Grande is not navigable at all by oceangoing ships, nor are there smaller craft using it as a route. In fact it is barely navigable at all. Its natural flow is only 1/20 the volume of the Colorado River, and less than 1/100 that of the Mississippi. The San Juan Mountains are a rugged mountain range in the Rocky Mountains in southwestern Colorado. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... The Great Sand Dunes sit directly west of the Sangre de Cristo Range, which is featured in the background. ... Capital Santa Fe Largest city Albuquerque Area  Ranked 5th  - Total 121,665 sq mi (315,194 km²)  - Width 342 miles (550 km)  - Length 370 miles (595 km)  - % water 0. ... Nickname: Location in the state of New Mexico Coordinates: , Country State County Bernalillo Founded 1706 Government  - Mayor Martin Chavez Area  - City  181. ... Las Cruces is a city in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. ... El Paso redirects here. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... A natural border is a border between states which are composed of natural objects such as rivers, mountain ranges, or deserts. ... The border between Mexico and the United States spans four U.S. states, six Mexican states, and has over twenty commercial crossings. ... The Rio Conchos is a large river in Chihuahua, Mexico. ... Ojinaga is a rural town in northern region of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... “km” redirects here. ... Pecos River near Villanueva, New Mexico Pecos River near the Rio Grande Santa Rosa Lake and Dam on the Pecos River in Guadalupe County, New Mexico The Pecos River or Rio Pecos, as it is known in New Mexico, rises near Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States, and flows for... Map of the Devils River and associated watershed The Devils River is a pristine, whitewater river in southwestern Texas, USA. From its headwaters (30°20 N, 100°57 W) in northwest Sutton County, it flows southwest for 94 miles through Val Verde County and empties into the northeastern shore (29... Amistad Reservoir is a reservoir on the Rio Grande at its confluence with the Devils River 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Del Rio, Texas, USA. The lake is bounded by Val Verde County on the Texas side of the international border, and the state of Coahuila on the Mexican...


The river has, since 1848, marked the boundary between Mexico and the United States from the twin cities of El Paso, Texas, and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, to the Gulf of Mexico. As such, it was across this river that Texan slaves fled when seeking their freedom, aided by Mexico's liberal colonization policies and abolitionist stance.[2] Year 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... El Paso redirects here. ... Ciudad Juárez, or simply Juárez, is a city in the Mexican state of Chihuahua formerly known as El Paso del Norte. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


The major international border crossings along the river are Ciudad Juárez and El Paso; Presidio, Texas and Ojinaga, Chihuahua; Laredo, Texas and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas; McAllen-Hidalgo, Texas, and Reynosa, Tamaulipas; and Brownsville, Texas, and Matamoros. Other notable border towns are the Texas/Coahuila pairings of Del RioCiudad Acuña and Eagle PassPiedras Negras. Presidio is a city in Presidio County, Texas, United States. ... Ojinaga is a rural town in northern region of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. ... Nickname: Settled 1755 Government  - Type Mayor / City Manager  - Mayor Raul G. Salinas  - City Manager Carlos R. Villarreal Area  - City 218. ... Motto: Siempre Con La Patria Settled 1847 Government  - Presidente Municipal Daniel Peña Area  - City 1,334. ... McAllen is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas. ... Reynosa is a primarily industrial city in the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States, the southernmost city in Texas. ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Coahuila (formal name: Coahuila de Zaragoza) is one of Mexicos 31 component states. ... Del Rio is the county seat of Val Verde CountyGR6,United States. ... Ciudad Acuña, also known simply as Acuña, (originally Garza Galán, later Villa Acuña) is a city located in the Mexican state of Coahuila, at and a mean height above sea level of 280 metres. ... Map of the city 1887 Eagle Pass is a city in Maverick County, Texas, United States. ... Coordinates: , Country  Mexico State Coahuila Municipality Piedras Negras Founded June 15, 1850 Government  - Mayor Jesus Mario Flores Elevation 250 m (820 ft) Population (2005)  - City 143,915  - Demonym Nigropetense Time zone CST (UTC-6) Postal code 26000 Area code(s) 878 Website: www. ...

The Rio Grande flowing in Big Bend National Park.

The US and Mexico share the waters of this river under a series of agreements administered by the joint US-Mexico Boundary and Water Commission. The most notable of these were signed in 1906 and 1944. Download high resolution version (1136x852, 85 KB)The cliffs of Santa Elena Canyon provide a cool shady area at the Rio Grande River contrasting with the blistering desert beyond. ... Download high resolution version (1136x852, 85 KB)The cliffs of Santa Elena Canyon provide a cool shady area at the Rio Grande River contrasting with the blistering desert beyond. ... It has been suggested that Panther Pass be merged into this article or section. ...


Use of that belonging to the US is regulated by the Rio Grande Compact, an interstate pact between Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. The Rio Grande is over-appropriated, that is, there are more users for the water than there is water in the river. Because of both drought and overuse the section from El Paso downstream through Ojinaga was recently tagged "The Forgotten River" by those wishing to bring attention to the river's deteriorated condition. The Rio Grande Compact is a treaty signed in 1938 in the United States between the states of Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas, and approved by the United States Congress, to equitably apportion the waters of the Rio Grande Basin. ... Ojinaga is a rural town in northern region of the Mexican state of Chihuahua. ...


During the summer of 2001 a 100m wide sandbar formed at the mouth of the river, marking the first time in recorded history that the Rio Grande failed to empty into the Gulf of Mexico. The sandbar was subsequently dredged, but it re-formed almost immediately. Spring rains the following year flushed the re-formed sandbar out to sea, but it was back by summer 2002. Since then the sandbar has remained and now forms a usable land bridge between the US and Mexico. Ecologists fear that unless rainfall returns to normal levels during the next few years and strict water conservation measures are adopted by communities along the river, the Rio Grande may soon become extinct.[citation needed]


The Rio Grande rises in high mountains and flows for much of its length at high elevation; El Paso is 3,762 feet (1,147 m) above sea level. In New Mexico, the river flows through the Rio Grande Rift from one sediment-filled basin to another, cutting canyons between the basins and supporting a fragile bosque ecosystem in its floodplain. A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ... The Rio Grande Rift is a rift valley extending north from Mexico, near El Paso, Texas through New Mexico into central Colorado. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Grand Canyon, Arizona Noravank Monastery complex and canyon in Armenia. ... Bosque is the name for areas of riparian forest found along the flood plains of stream and river banks in the southwestern United States. ... This picture shows the flood plain following a 1 in 10 year flood on the Isle of Wight. ...

The Upper Rio Grande near Creede, Colorado

From El Paso eastward the river flows through desert. Only in the sub-tropical lower Rio Grande Valley is there extensive irrigated agriculture. The river ends in a small sandy delta at the Gulf of Mexico. Due to the persistent period of dry weather, the river has only occasionally emptied into the Gulf Of Mexico since 2002. Google Satellite Map Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1584 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2592x1944, 1584 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Creede is a town located in Mineral County, Colorado. ... This article is about arid terrain. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ... The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of Texas. ... For other uses, see Sand (disambiguation). ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Millions of years ago, the Rio Grande ended at the bottom of the Rio Grande Rift in Lake Cabeza de Vaca. But about one million years ago the stream was "captured" and began to flow east. For other uses of mya, see mya (disambiguation). ... Stream capture is a geological or hydrological phenomenon which occurs when a stream from a neighboring drainage system erodes through the divide between two streams and captures another stream which then is diverted from its former bed and now flows down the bed of the capturing stream. ...


The Rio Grande was designated as one of the American Heritage Rivers in 1997. American Heritage Rivers are designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to receive special attention (coordinating efforts of multiple governmental entities) to further three objectives: natural resource and environmental protection, economic revitalization, and historic and cultural preservation. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


Names and pronunciation

Río Grande is Spanish for "Big River" and Río Grande del Norte means "Great Northern River" (literally "Great River of the North"). Rio Grande is pronounced either /ɹioʊ gɹænd/ or /ɹioʊ gɹændi/ (where "Grande" is pronounced like the English word "grand") by English speakers. Because "río" means "river" in Spanish, the phrase "Rio Grande River" is redundant. In Mexico it is known as "Río Bravo."

The Rio Grande in its lower course, between Matamoros (right side) and Brownsville (left side)
The Rio Grande in its lower course, between Matamoros (right side) and Brownsville (left side)

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 401 KB) Summary The Rio rRande river as seen from Matamoros. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 401 KB) Summary The Rio rRande river as seen from Matamoros. ... Matamoros is a city in the north of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas. ... Brownsville is the county seat of Cameron County, Texas, United States, the southernmost city in Texas. ...

Literature

  • Paul Horgan, Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History. Volume 1, Indians and Spain. Vol. 2, Mexico and the United States. 2 Vols. in 1, 1038 pages - Wesleyan University Press 1991, 4th Reprint, ISBN 0-8195-6251-3
The Rio Grande at Bernalillo, New Mexico, with the Sandia Mountains
The Rio Grande at Bernalillo, New Mexico, with the Sandia Mountains

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (979x600, 100 KB) Summary The Sandia Mountains at sunset, looking east from Bernalillo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (979x600, 100 KB) Summary The Sandia Mountains at sunset, looking east from Bernalillo. ... Bernalillo is a town located in Sandoval County, New Mexico. ... The Sandia Mountains are a mountain range located in Bernalillo and Sandoval counties, immediately to the northeast of of the city of Albuquerque in New Mexico in the southwestern United States. ...

In Fiction

  • In Star Trek there was a Starfleet Runabout called the USS Rio Grande assigned to Deep Space Nine. All Starfleet Runabouts are named after Earth rivers. The USS Rio Grande had the honour of discovering the Bajoran Wormhole and being the only runabout to survive all seven seasons of Deep Space Nine.

The USS Rio Grande (NCC-72452), a Danube class runabout. ...

See also

Texas Portal
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links This image, including all photography and graphics used in it, was taken and created by myself, Shem Daimwood. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) has changed course several times in recorded history, leading to a number of border disputes, both international (involving Mexico and the United States) and between individual U.S. states: The Country Club Area was disputed between Texas and New Mexico. ... This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Rio Grande (Río Bravo del Norte) from the Gulf of Mexico upstream to its source. ... This is a partial list of rivers in the state of Colorado in the United States. ... This is a list of rivers in the U.S. state of New Mexico. ... . ... The Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River protects a 196 mile (315 km) portion of the Rio Grande in Texas. ... The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of Texas. ... Photo of Rio Grande Gorge The Rio Grande Gorge is located nortwest of Taos, New Mexico, and cuts through the basalt flows of the Taos Plateau volcanic field. ...

References

HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... InsertSLUTTY WHORES≤ non-formatted text here{| class=toccolours border=1 cellpadding=4 style=float: right; margin: 0 0 1em 1em; width: 20em; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%; clear: right; |+ United States Geological Survey |- |style= align=center colspan=2| [[Image:USGS logo. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 196th day of the year (197th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A kibibyte (a contraction of kilo binary byte) is a unit of information or computer storage, commonly abbreviated KiB (never kiB). 1 kibibyte = 210 bytes = 1,024 bytes The kibibyte is closely related to the kilobyte, which can be used either as a synonym for kibibyte or to refer to...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Rio Grande County - Home Page (305 words)
The gateway to the San Juan Mountains, Rio Grande County is one of the highlights of the San Luis Valley.
Del Norte is a quaint town with a focus on its historic past; it is the county seat, home to the Rio Grande County Museum, and maintains a historic façade in its main street.
Rio Grande County really is the epitome of Colorado, which makes it an ideal place to live, work, and play for those who are interested in a Colorado lifestyle.
Rio Grande Pickups - Electric Guitar Pickups with "Texas Tone that's Bad to the Bone (209 words)
Rio Grande Pickups - Electric Guitar Pickups with "Texas Tone that's Bad to the Bone
Rio Grande Pickups are available in new instruments from the following quality guitar builders:
For questions on Rio Grande pickups, wiring and more, see our Frequently Asked Questions.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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