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Encyclopedia > Rio Carnival
 Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro
Mangueira samba school parades in Rio de Janeiro

The Brazilian Carnival (Portuguese: Carnaval) is an annual celebration in Brazil held forty days before Easter and marking the start of Lent. During Lent, Roman Catholics, which constitute the majority in Brazil, are to abstain from bodily pleasures. Carnival, which is celebrated as a profane event, can thus be likened to a farewelling of the pleasures of the flesh. Image File history File links Mangueira-1998. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4,781/km²  - Metro 11,620,000 [2] Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival is a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the carnival season. ... Easter, also known as Pascha (Greek Πάσχα: Passover), the Feast of the Resurrection, the Sunday of the Resurrection, or Resurrection Day, is the most important religious feast of the Christian liturgical year, observed between late March and late April (early April to early May in Eastern Christianity). ... In Western Christianity, Lent is the period (or season) from Ash Wednesday to Holy Saturday (forty days). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


In Brazil, Carnival as a whole exhibits some differences with its counterparts in Europe and other parts of the world, and within the country itself it is manifested in distinct ways in the various regions. World map showing Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is one of the seven traditional continents of the Earth. ...

Contents

Rio de Janeiro

Carnival parade in Rio de Janeiro
Carnival parade in Rio de Janeiro

The modern Brazilian Carnival finds its roots in Rio de Janeiro in the 1830s, when the city’s bourgeoisie imported the practice of holding balls and masquerade parties from Paris. It originally mimicked the European form of the festival, over time acquiring elements derived from African and Amerindian cultures. Image File history File links Comissao-imperatriz-99. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4,781/km²  - Metro 11,620,000 [2] Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country France Region ÃŽle-de-France Department Paris (75) Subdivisions 20 arrondissements Mayor Bertrand Delanoë  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 86. ...


In the late 19th century, the cordões (literally laces in Portuguese) were introduced in Rio de Janeiro. These were groups of people who would process through the streets playing music and dancing. Today they are known as blocos (blocks), consisting of a group of people who dress in costumes according to certain themes or to celebrate the Carnival in specific ways. Blocos are generally associated with particular neighbourhoods or suburbs and include both a percussion or music group and an entourage of revellers. Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4,781/km²  - Metro 11,620,000 [2] Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) Website: www. ...


During the Carnival, a fat man is elected to represent the role of Rei Momo, the "king" of Carnival. Rei Momo or (King Momo in English) is considered the king of Carnival in Brazil. ...


Carnival in Rio de Janeiro is known worldwide for the elaborate parades staged by the city’s major samba schools in the Sambadrome and is one of the world’s major tourist attractions. The samba schools are samba clubs that started in the early part of the 20th century in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. ... The Sambadrome (sambódromo in Portuguese, full name Sambódromo da Marquês de Sapucaí) is the location in downtown Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where the samba schools parade during Carnival. ...


Samba schools are very large, well-financed organizations that work through the year in preparation for Carnival. Parading in the Sambadrome runs over four entire nights and is part of an official competition, divided into seven divisions, in which a single samba school will be declared that year’s winner. Blocos deriving from the samba schools also hold street parties in their respective suburbs, through which they process along with their followers. pre-Carnival Events: Ipanemas band The Street Bands and Groups are the main popular expression in Rio de Janeiro Carnival, in Brazil, and are called blocos. ...


Bahia

There are a few essential differences between carnival in Bahia and carnival in Rio de Janeiro. Carnival in Bahia is viewed as a regional event, while carnival in Rio is considered a national symbol. The musical styles are different at each carnival; in Bahia there are many rhythms, including samba, samba-reggae, Axé and frevo, while in Rio there are the multiples variations of samba: the "samba-enredo", the "samba de bloco", the "samba de embalo", the "funk-samba", as well as the famous "marchinhas" played by the "bandas" in the streets. Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4,781/km²  - Metro 11,620,000 [2] Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Axé music is a style of popular music which originated in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. ... Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Carnaval. ...


In the 1880s, the black population comemorated the days of carnival in its own way, highly marked by African-Yoruba characteristics, dancing in the streets playing instruments. This form was thought of as "primitive" by the upper-class white elite, and the groups were banned from participating in the official Bahia carnival, highly dominated by the local conservative elite. The groups defied the ban and continued to do their dances. // Development and commercial production of electric lighting Development and commercial production of gasoline-powered automobile by Karl Benz, Gottlieb Daimler and Maybach First commercial production and sales of phonographs and phonograph recordings. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... The music of the Yoruba people of Nigeria is best known for an extremely advanced drumming tradition, especially using the dundun hourglass tension drums. ...


By the 1970s, four main types of carnival groups developed in Bahia: Afoxês, Trio Elétricos, "Indian" groups, and Blocos Afro. Afoxês use the rhythms of a religion called Candomble. They also worship the Gods of Candomble, called orixás. Electric Trios are characterized by an adapted truck with giant speakers, and a platform where musicians play songs of local genres such as Axé, Maracatu, and frevo. People follow the trucks singing and dancing. The "Indian" groups were inspired by western movies from the United States. The groups dress up as native Americans and take on native American names. Blocos Afros, or Afro groups, were influenced by the Black Pride Movement in the United States, independence movements in Africa, and reggae music that denounced racism and oppression. The groups inspired a renewed pride in African heritage. Afoxê is a Afro Brazilian genre of music and it is a traditional rythm of Pernambuco. ... Trio Elétrico is the name for a truck equiped with a high power sound system and a music group in top of it playing for a lot of people. ... Iya Nass - Terreiro da Casa Branca Candombl is an Afro-American religion practised chiefly in Brazil but also in adjacent countries. ... This article is about a type of spirit. ... Axé music is a style of popular music which originated in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. ... Maracatú is a term common to two distinct performance genres found in Pernambuco state in northeastern Brazil: maracatú nação and maracatú rural. ... Black Power is a slogan which describes the aspiration of many Africans (whether they be in Africa or abroad) to national self-determination. ... Reggae is an African Caribbean style of music developed on the island of Jamaica and is closely linked to the religion Rastafarianism, though not universally popular among its members. ...


Pernambuco

The region of Pernambuco in the Brazilian Northeast has a unique carnival in its capital of Recife, as well as in other cities like Olinda. Frevo, a type of music from Pernambuco, is especially popular. Nickname: Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice) and Mauricéia (after the Dutch colonization) Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... Frevo describes is a wide range of musical styles originating from Recife, Brazil, all of which are traditionally associated with Carnaval. ...


Unlike the carnivals in Salvador (Bahia) or Rio, Pernambuco's festivities do not include competitions between parade groups. Big groups in magnificent parades dance side by side with improvised others. "Troças" and "Maracatus", mostly of African influence, begin one week before Carnival and end on the Sunday after Carnival up until Ash Wednesday. There are well-known groups with funny names such as: "Tell me you love me, damn it", "The Midnight Man" (with a famous giant dancing doll that leads the group), "Crazy Lover", "Olinda's Underpants" and "The Door." This article is about the Brazilian city. ... Maracatú is a term common to two distinct performance genres found in Pernambuco state in northeastern Brazil: maracatú nação and maracatú rural. ... In the Western Christian calendar, Ash Wednesday is the first day of Lent. ...

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Brazilian carnivals

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

See also

Swabian-Alemannic carnival clowns in Wolfach, Germany A carnival is a public celebration or parade combining some elements of a circus and public street party, generally during the carnival season. ... Mardi Gras (French for Fat Tuesday) is the day before Ash Wednesday, and is also called Shrove Tuesday or Pancake Day. It is the final day of Carnival (English:IPA: and Romance languages:IPA: ). It is a celebration that is held just before the beginning of the Christian liturgical season... The samba schools are samba clubs that started in the early part of the 20th century in Rio de Janeiro Brazil. ... The Sambadrome (sambódromo in Portuguese, full name Sambódromo da Marquês de Sapucaí) is the location in downtown Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where the samba schools parade during Carnival. ...

External links

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Carnival Photos and News


 
 

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