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Encyclopedia > Rila Monastery
Rila Monastery with the medieval tower
Rila Monastery with the medieval tower

The Rila Monastery (Bulgarian: Рилски манастир, Rilski manastir) is the largest and most famous Eastern Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria. It is situated in the northwestern Rila Mountains, 117 km south of the capital Sofia, in the deep valley of the Rilska River, at an elevation of 1,147 m above sea level. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 784 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:de. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1232, 784 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:de. ... ... Rila Mountain, Bulgaria The Rila is a mountain range in western Bulgaria. ... A kilometre (American spelling: kilometer), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Official website: sofia. ... The Metre (or Meter) is the base fundamental unit of length in the metric measurement system as defined originally by the French Academy of Sciences during the French Revolutionary–Napoleonic war era, and subsequently adopted by various successive International Standards Committees as the utility, elegance, and self-consistency of the...


Founded in the 10th century, the Rila Monastery is regarded as one of Bulgaria's most important cultural and historical monuments and is on account of this also a key tourist attraction.

Contents


History

It is traditionally thought that the monastery was founded by the hermit St. John of Rila (Ivan Rilski), whose name it bears, during the rule of Tsar Peter I (927968). The hermit actually lived in a cave not far from the monastery's location, while the complex was built by his students, who came to the mountains to receive their education. Saint John of Rila (Bulgarian: свети Иван Рилски, sveti Ivan Rilski) (876 – circa 946) was the first Bulgarian hermit and the founder of the Rila Monastery. ... Look up Tsar in Wiktionary, the free dictionary For the US community of Czar, see Czar, West Virginia. ... Czar Peter I of Bulgaria (927-969), the son of Czar Simeon the Great of Bulgaria, was married to Maria Irena, the granddaughter of Byzantine Emperor Romanus I Lecapenus. ... Events Hubaekje sacks the Silla capital of Gyeongju and places King Gyeongsun on the throne. ... Events Births Emperor Kazan of Japan Ethelred II of England Romanus Argyrus, later Romanus III of the Eastern Roman Empire. ...


Ever since its creation, the Rila Monastery has been supported and respected by the Bulgarian rulers. Large donations were made by almost every tsar of the Second Bulgarian Empire up until the Ottoman Conquest, making the monastery a cultural and spiritual centre of Bulgarian national consciousness that reached its apogee from the 12th to the 14th century. The history of Bulgaria began in the 7th century AD with the arrival of the Bulgars in the Balkans. ... // Early centuries of Ottoman rule Organisation of Ottoman Bulgaria The Ottomans reorganised the Bulgarian territories as the Beyerlik of Rumili, ruled by a Beylerbey at Sofia. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...

The main church
The main church
Frescoes in the main church
Frescoes in the main church

The Rila Monastery was reerected at its present place by a local feudal lord named Hrelyu Dragovola during the 14th century. The oldest buildings in the complex date from this period - the tower Hrelyova kula (1334-1335) and a small church just next to it (1343). The bishop's throne and the rich-engraved gates of the monastery also belong to the time. However, the arrival of the Ottomans in the end of the 14th century was followed by numerous raids and a destruction of the monastery in the middle of the 15th century. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 931 KB) Summary Main church of the Rila Monastery. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 931 KB) Summary Main church of the Rila Monastery. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 328 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:it. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1280x960, 328 KB) La bildo estas kopiita de wikipedia:it. ... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died... Events Abu Said dies and the Ilkhan khanate ends Slavery abolished in Sweden Charles I of Hungary allies with Poland against the Hapsburgs and Bohemians Carinthia and Carniola come under Habsburg rule. ... Events Magnus II of Sweden abdicates from the throne of Norway in favor of his son Haakon VI of Norway. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


Thanks to donations by the Russian Orthodox Church and more precisely the Rossikon monastery of Mount Athos, the Rila Monastery was rebuilt in the end of the 15th century by three brothers from the region of Kyustendil, who moved John of Rila's relics into the complex. The Russian Orthodox Church (also known as the Orthodox Catholic Church of Russia) (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ... View of the Rossikon. ... Location of Mount Athos (the darkened easternmost leg) in the map of Greece Mount Athos (Greek: Όρος Άθως) is a mountain and a peninsula in Macedonia, northern Greece, called Άγιο Όρος (Ayio Oros or Ayion Oros or Holy Mountain) in Modern Greek, or Άγιον Όρος (Hagion Oros) in Classical Greek. ... Kyustendil is a city in western Bulgaria, the capital of the Kyustendil Province, with a population of 47,196 (as of 2005). ...


The complex acted as a depositary of Bulgarian language and culture in the ages of foreign rule. During the time of the Bulgarian National Revival (18th-19th century), it was destroyed by fire in 1833 and then reconstructed between 1834 and 1862 with the help of wealthy Bulgarians from the whole country. The erection of the residential buildings began in 1816, while a bellfry was added to the Tower of Hrelyu in 1844. Neofit Rilski founded a school in the monastery during the period. Bulgarian is an Indo-European language, a member of the Southern branch of the Slavic languages. ... Bulgarian culture is a mix mostly of Thracian, Slavic and Bulgar cultures, but there are Byzantine, Turkish, Greek and other influences. ... The Bulgarian national revival (Vazrazdane) was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people in the Ottoman Empire. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


The monastery complex was declared a national historical monument in 1976 and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. Since 1991, it is entirely subordinate to the Holy Synod of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church. 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In several of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, the patriarch or head bishop is elected by a group of bishops called the Holy Synod. ... The Bulgarian Orthodox Church is an autocephalous Eastern Orthodox Church with some 6. ...


Complex

The complex from the outside
The complex from the outside
The inner yard
The inner yard

The whole complex embraces an area of 8,800 and is rectangular in form, centred around the inner yard (3,200 m²), where the tower and the main church are situated. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1275 KB) Summary The Rila Monastery from the outside. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1275 KB) Summary The Rila Monastery from the outside. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1034 KB) Summary Inner yard of the Rila Monastery From the Hungarian Wikipedia Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1034 KB) Summary Inner yard of the Rila Monastery From the Hungarian Wikipedia Licensing Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ...


Main church

The main church of the monastery was erected in the middle of the 18th century. Its architect is Petar Ivanovich, who worked on it from 1834 to 1837. The church has 5 domes, three altars and two side chapels, while one of the most precious items inside is the gold-plated iconostasis, famous for its wood-carving, the creation of which took 5 years to 4 handicraftsmen. The frescoes, finished in 1846, are the work of many masters from Bansko, Samokov and Razlog, including the famous brothers Zahari Zograf and Dimitar Zograf. The church is also home to many valuable icons, dating from the 14th to the 19th century. 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... | Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Iconostasis of Elias prophet church, Yaroslavl In Eastern Christianity an iconostasis (the plural is iconostases, whose last syllable rhymes with ease) is a wall of icons, religious paintings, separating the nave from the sanctuary in a church. ... Carved wooden cranes Wood carving is the process whereby wood is ornamented with any design, by means of sharp cutting tools held in the hand. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Bansko (Банско) is a town in southwestern Bulgaria, located at the foot of Pirin at an altitude of 936 m above sea level. ... Samokov (Самоков) is a town in Sofia Province in the southwest of Bulgaria. ... Petrich is a small town in the Blagoevgrad district. ...


Residential building

The four-story (not counting the basement) residential part of the complex consists of 300 chambers, 4 chapels, an abbot's room, a kitchen (noted for its uncommonly large vessels), a library, housing 250 manuscripts and 9,000 old printed matters, and a donor's room. The exterior of the complex, with its high walls of stone and little windows, resembles a fortress more than a monastery. Abbots coat of arms The word abbot, meaning father, has been used as a Christian clerical title in various, mainly monastic, meanings. ... Vessel can refer to any of the following: Objects Vessel (French vaissel, from a rare Latin vascellum, diminuitive of vas, vase, or urn), a word of somewhat wide application for many objects, the meaning common to them being capacity to hold or contain something. ... A manuscript (Latin manu scriptus, written by hand), strictly speaking, is any written document that is put down by hand, in contrast to being printed or reproduced some other way. ...


Monastery museum

The museum of the Rila Monastery is particularly famous for housing Rafail's Cross, a wooden cross made from a whole piece of wood (81 х 43 cm). It was whittled down by a monk named Rafail using fine burins and magnifying lenses to recreate 104 religious scenes and 650 miniature figures. Work on this piece of art lasted not less than 12 years before it was completed in 1802, when the monk lost his sight. The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... --69. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Category:Rila monastery
Coat of arms of Bulgaria UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bulgaria Flag of Bulgaria
Boyana Church | Madara Rider | Old Town of Nesebar | Pirin National Park | Rila Monastery | Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo | Srebarna Nature Reserve | Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari | Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Bulgarian coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... UNESCO logo The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, commonly known as UNESCO, is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Frescoes from the Boyana Church: Desislava The church of Boyana is a medieval Bulgarian church situated on the outskirts of Sofia. ... The Madara Rider The Madara Rider is a large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau east of Shumen in northeastern Bulgaria. ... Nesebar (Несебър), previously known as Mesembria (Greek: Μεσημβρια) and before that as Menebria, is an ancient city on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria, located in Nesebar municipality, Burgas Oblast. ... Pirin National Park encompasses the larger part of the Pirin mountain in the south-west of Bulgaria. ... The Rock-hewn Churches of Ivanovo are a group of churches, chapels and monasteries hewn from solid rock, located near the village of Ivanovo in Bulgaria. ... Srebarna Nature Reserve is situated near the village of Srebarna, 18 km west of Silistra and 2 km south of the Danube. ... The Thracian Tomb of Sveshtari is situated 2,5 km southwest of the village of Sveshtari, which is located 42 km northeast of Razgrad, in the northeast of Bulgaria. ... Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak: Farewell of the groom and bride The Thracian Tomb of Kazanlak is a vaulted brickwork beehive (tholos) tomb near the town of Kazanlak, central Bulgaria. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Bulgaria - Rila Monastery (1093 words)
Rila Monastery was founded in the 10th century by St John of Rila, a hermit canonized by the Orthodox Church.
Rila Monastery [Rilski] is situated south of Sofia in the Rila Mountains in an altitude of 1.147 meters, and attracting a lot of tourists each year.
The monastery's ethnographic collection on the second floor of the north wing is most notable for its carpets and silverware, while bneath the modern east wing there is a wealth of objects in the treasury.
Rila Monastery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (830 words)
It is situated in the northwestern Rila Mountains, 117 km south of the capital Sofia in the deep valley of the Rilska River at an elevation of 1,147 m above sea level.
However, the arrival of the Ottomans in the end of the 14th century was followed by numerous raids and a destruction of the monastery in the middle of the 15th century.
The main church of the monastery was erected in the middle of the 19th century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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