FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Riksdag of the Estates

The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. Until its dissolution in 1866 the institution was the highest authority in Sweden next to the Swedish monarch. It was a Diet made up of the Four Estates, which historically were the lines of division in Swedish society:

This article is part of the
Politics of Sweden series
Constitution
Parliament
Government
Monarch
Speaker
Prime Minister
Elections: 2002 - 1998
Referenda
Political parties
Agencies
Privy Council
The Estates

Important assemblies

Enlarge
The House of Knights, seat of the Nobility.

The meeting at Arboga in 1435 was usually considered to be the first Riksdag, but there is no indication that the fourth estate, the peasants, had been represented there.

  • The first meeting is likely the one that took place at Uppsala in 1436 after the death of rebel leader Engelbrekt.
  • At the Riksdag in 1517 regent Sten Sture the Younger and the Privy Council pushed for the decision to depose archbishop Gustav Trolle, which started a chain of events that led to the Stockholm Bloodbath and eventually the dissolution of the Kalmar Union.
  • At Söderköping in 1595, Duke Charles was elected regent over Sweden instead of King Sigismund, who was a Catholic and the monarch of both Sweden and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • In 1612 the meeting decided to give the nobility the privilege and right to hold all higher offices of government, after successful lobbying by Axel Oxenstierna.
  • The first open conflict between the different estates happened in 1650.
  • At the Riksdag in 1680 a large scale reduction (a return of lands to the Crown earlier granted to the nobility) was decided.

Replaced by the new Riksdag

Enlarge
Representatives of the four estates on a commemorative coin (left).

In 1866 all the Estates voted in favor of dissolution and at the same time to found a new assembly, The Swedish Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag. Out of the four estates, the corporation of the Swedish nobility, the House of Knights (Riddarhuset) remaines as a quasi-official representation of the nobility. The modern Centre Party which grew out of the Swedish farmers' movement, sitting in the Parliament still today, could be construed as a modern representation with a traditional bond to the Estate of the Peasants.


The Instrument of Government from 1809 divided the powers of Government between the Bernadotte Monarch and the Riksdag of the Estates, and after 1866 with the new Riksdag. In 1809 Sweden ceded Finland to Russia. Finland became a Grand Duchy under the Russian Tsar, but the political institutions were kept practically intact. The Diet of Finland which was the successor to the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates in Finland, was dissolved in 1905.


See also

  • History of Sweden
  • History of Finland
  • History of the Riksdag

  Results from FactBites:
 
The history of the Riksdag - Riksdagen (1019 words)
The dominance of the estates was successively weakened by economic crises, antagonisms between the estates and corruption, and it was finally brought to an end through a bloodless coup d'état by King Gustav III in 1772.
On 10 January 1975, the ceremonial opening of the Riksdag, which from that year was called the opening of the Riksdag session, was held in temporary premises at Sergels torg.
The 1975 Riksdag session ended after the spring following a decision to move the beginning of the Riksdag's working year from the spring to the autumn.
Riksdag of the Estates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (466 words)
The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled.
At the Riksdag in 1517 regent Sten Sture the Younger and the Privy Council pushed for the decision to depose archbishop Gustav Trolle, which started a chain of events that led to the Stockholm Bloodbath and eventually the dissolution of the Kalmar Union.
The Diet of Finland which was the successor to the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates in Finland, was dissolved in 1905.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m