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Encyclopedia > Riksdag
Sweden

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Sweden
The Lesser Coat of Arms of the Realm is one of two official Coats of Arms of Sweden Blazon: Azure, with three coronets or, ordered two above one. This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... Politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Sweden is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...






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The parliament building from outside.
The parliament building from outside.
The assembly hall of the Riksdag.
The assembly hall of the Riksdag.

The Riksdag (also Sveriges Riksdag {Sweden's Parliament}) is the national legislative parliament of Sweden. The Riksdag is a unicameral assembly with 349 members (Swedish: riksdagsledamöter), who are elected on a proportional basis to serve fixed terms of four years. The Riksdag building stands on the island of Helgeandsholmen in Stockholm. Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus) (born April 30, 1946, at Haga Palace, Solna, Uppland), is the head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... The Speaker, or Talman, of the Riksdag is the chairman of the national parliament in Sweden. ... Per Westerberg Per Erik Gunnar Westerberg (born 2 August 1951) is a Swedish Moderate Party politician and as of 2006 the current Speaker of the Riksdag. ... [edit] Members who have resigned Categories: | | ... The government of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ... John Fredrik Reinfeldt (IPA: ) (born August 4, 1965 in Österhaninge) is the current Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party (Swedish: ). A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairperson of... The Government agencies in Sweden are state controlled organizations who act independently to carry out the policies of the Swedish Government. ... A county, or län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ... A County Administrative Board is a Government appointed board of a County in Sweden. ... The Swedish Counties were run by Governors, appointed by the Swedish monarch, since their establishment in 1634. ... A County Council, or Landsting, is an elected assembly of a County in Sweden. ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ... The Sami Parliament is a representative body for peoples of Sami heritage in several Scandinavian countries. ... Elections in Sweden gives information on election and election results in Sweden. ... A general election was held in Sweden on September 17, 2006 to elect members to the Riksdag. ... Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. ... Political parties in Sweden lists political parties in Sweden. ... The foreign policy of Sweden is based on the premise that national security is best served by staying free of alliances in peacetime in order to remain a neutral country in the event of war. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links Riksdagen-fran-vattnet-2004-05-09. ... Image File history File links Riksdagen-fran-vattnet-2004-05-09. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 818 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Riksdag Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 818 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Riksdag Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... National can refer to: Look up national in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... Ministers are marked in bold, party leaders in italic. ... Proportional representation (sometimes referred to as full representation, or PR), is an electoral system delivering a close match between the percentage of votes that groups of candidates (grouped by a certain measure) obtain in elections and the percentage of seats they receive (usually in legislative assemblies). ... Helgeandsholmen, is a small island in the center of Stockholm, Sweden. ...   (IPA: ; UN/LOCODE: SE STO) is the capital of Sweden, and consequently the site of its Government and Parliament as well as the residence of the Swedish head of state, King Carl XVI Gustaf. ...

Contents

Name

Riksdag is the direct Swedish equivalent of the German Reichstag. A precise English translation of this German-Nordic word does not actually exist, but "Meeting of the Realm" comes close. The word is also used by Swedish speakers for the parliaments of Finland (it is the official term used by the Swedish-speaking minority there) and Estonia, and for the old Reichstag of Germany as well as the parliament building in Berlin. In Sweden Riksdag is today also frequently used to refer to the contemporary parliament of Germany per se. The word is also used by Norwegian speakers with the same spelling; in Danish it is spelled rigsdag. The Reichstag (German for Imperial Diet) was the parliament of the Holy Roman Empire, the North German Confederation, and of Germany until 1945. ... The Reichstag building. ...


Organisation

The Speaker, or Talman, of the Riksdag is the chairman of the national parliament in Sweden. ... Per Westerberg Per Erik Gunnar Westerberg (born 2 August 1951) is a Swedish Moderate Party politician and as of 2006 the current Speaker of the Riksdag. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Constitution

Main article: Constitution of Sweden The Swedish Constitution consists of four fundamental laws (Swedish: grundlagar): The Instrument of Government (Regeringsformen, 1974) The Act of Succession (Successionsordningen 1810) The Freedom of the Press Act (Tryckfrihetsförordningen 1766) The Fundamental Law on Freedom of Expression (Yttrandefrihetsgrundlagen 1991) There is also a law on the working order of...


The Riksdag (the Swedish Parliament) performs the normal functions of a parliament in a parliamentary democracy. It enacts laws, amends the constitution and appoints a government. In most parliamentary democracies, the head of state commissions a politician to form a government. Under the new Instrument of Government (one of the four fundamental laws of the Constitution) enacted in 1974, that task was removed from the Monarch of Sweden and given to the Speaker of the Riksdag. To make changes to the Constitution under the new Instrument of Government, amendments must be approved twice by Parliament, in two successive electoral periods with a general election held in between. A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ...


Government

Main article: Government of Sweden The government of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ...


After holding talks with leaders of the various party groups in the Riksdag, the Speaker of the Riksdag nominates a Prime Minister. To form a government, the Prime Minister designate must then present a list of Cabinet Ministers and have it approved by Parliament. Parliament can cast a vote of no confidence against any single member of the government, thus forcing a resignation. If a vote of no confidence is cast against the Prime Minister (Sw. Statsminister), this means the entire government is rejected, and the procedure of finding a government starts afresh. The Prime Minister or statsminister (minister of state) is the head of Government in Sweden. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Sweden Politics of Sweden takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Sweden is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...


Political parties are strong in Sweden, with members of the Riksdag usually supporting their parties in parliamentary votes. In most cases, governments can command the support of the majority in the Riksdag, allowing the government to control the parliamentary agenda.


For many years, no single political party in Sweden has managed to gain more than 50% of the votes, so political parties with similar agendas cooperate on several issues, forming coalition governments. In general, two major blocks exist in parliament, the left and the right, or socialists and non-socialists (conservatives/liberals). The socialists have formed the government for the last three electoral periods and won the election in 2002. Swedish socialism, as practiced by the governing Social Democratic party is generally non-confrontational with respect to capital/big business and social democratic in the tradition of the Second International rather than ideologically left-wing or working-class/trade-union-oriented. Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to social control. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Liberalism is an ideology, philosophical view, and political tradition which holds that liberty is the primary political value. ... Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...

Current party representation in the Riksdag
Parties¹ Leaders¹ Seats² Votes³
  Social Democratic Party Göran Persson 130 34.99%
  Moderate Party Fredrik Reinfeldt 97 26.23%
  Centre Party Maud Olofsson 29 7.88%
  Liberal People's Party Lars Leijonborg 28 7.54%
  Christian Democrats Göran Hägglund 24 6.59%
  Left Party Lars Ohly 22 5.85%
  Green Party Maria Wetterstrand and Peter Eriksson 19 5.24%
Total 349 94.32%

1/ Party name and leaders current as of October 2, 2006
2/ Seats as per the 2006 general election, current as of October 2, 2006
3/ Percentage of the votes received in the 2006 general election
The Swedish Social Democratic Party (Swedish: Arbetarepartiet-Socialdemokraterna, commonly referred to as Socialdemokraterna; literally, Workers Party the Social Democrats and Social Democrats) is a political party in Sweden. ... Hans Göran Persson ( ) (born January 20, 1949), was the thirty-first Prime Minister of Sweden (1996 – 2006). ... The Moderate Coalition Party (in Swedish: Moderata samlingspartiet, commonly referred to as Moderaterna, The Moderates) is a Liberal conservative party in Sweden. ... John Fredrik Reinfeldt (IPA: ) (born August 4, 1965 in Österhaninge) is the current Prime Minister of Sweden and leader of the liberal conservative Moderate Party (Swedish: ). A native of Stockholm County, Reinfeldt joined the Moderate Youth League in 1983, and by 1992 had risen to the rank of chairperson of... The Centre Party (Centerpartiet) is a political party in Sweden. ... Maud Olofsson Maud Olofsson (born Olsson, August 1955) is a Swedish politician and the current leader of the Centre Party of Sweden (Centerpartiet). ... The Liberal Party of Sweden (in Swedish: Folkpartiet liberalerna, abbreviated fp, meaning Peoples Party the Liberals) is a political party in Sweden. ... Lars Leijonborg (born 1949) is a Swedish politician and the leader of the liberal Peoples Party. ... The Christian Democrats (Kristdemokraterna) is a political party in Sweden. ... Göran Hägglund Göran Hägglund (born January 27, 1959) is a Swedish politician and the current leader of the Christian Democrats of Sweden (Kristdemokraterna). ... The Left Party (Vänsterpartiet) is a socialist and feminist political party in Sweden, from 1967 to 1990 known as the Left Party - Communists (Vänsterpartiet kommunisterna; (vpk)). On welfare issues, the party opposes privatizations. ... Lars Ohly Lars-Magnus Harald Christoffer Ohly (born January 13, 1957) is a Swedish politician and known as a communist. ... The Green Party (Swedish: , literally Environment Party the Greens, and usually simply referred to in Sweden as Miljöpartiet: the Environment Party) is a green political party in Sweden. ... Maria Wetterstrand (born October 2, 1973) is a Swedish politician. ... Peter Eriksson Peter Eriksson (born 1958) is one of the spokespersons of the Green Party in Sweden. ... October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A general election was held in Sweden on September 17, 2006 to elect members to the Riksdag. ...


Elections

Main article: Elections in Sweden Elections in Sweden gives information on election and election results in Sweden. ...


All 349 members of the Riksdag are appointed in the general elections held every four years. Eligible to vote and stand for elections are Swedish Citizens who turn 18 years old no later than on the day of the election. The next elections are due to be held in 2010. A minimum of 4% of the national vote is required for membership in Parliament. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Latest election

The social democrats did their worst election since 1920, while the moderates did their best in modern times. As a result the center-right alliance won the election and got control over the Riksdag for the first time since 1991.

A general election will be held in Sweden on September 17, 2006 to elect members to the Riksdag. ...

History

The Riksdag at night.
The Riksdag at night.

Main articles: History of the Riksdag, Riksdag of the Estates Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1494x863, 239 KB)Swedens Parliament building, the Riksdagshuset, at night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1494x863, 239 KB)Swedens Parliament building, the Riksdagshuset, at night. ... The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden. ... The Riksdag of the Estates, or Ståndsriksdagen, was the name used for the Estates of the Swedish realm, or Rikets ständer, when they were assembled. ...


The roots of the modern Riksdag can be found in a 1435 meeting of the Swedish nobility in the city of Arboga. This informal organization was modified in 1527 by the first modern Swedish king Gustav I Vasa to include representatives from all the four social estates: the nobility, the clergy, the bourgeoisie (propertied commoners in the towns such as merchants, tradesmen, lawyers, etc), and the peasantry (freehold yeoman farmers). This form of Ständestaat representation lasted until 1865, when representation by estate was abolished and the modern bicameral parliament established. Effectively, however, it did not become a parliament in the modern sense until parliamentary principles were established in the political system in Sweden, in the late 1910s. For other uses, see number 1435. ... Arboga is a Municipality in Västmanland County, in central Sweden. ... January 5 - Felix Manz, co-founder of the Swiss Anabaptists, was drowned in the Limmat in Zürich by the Zürich Reformed state church. ... Gustav I of Sweden, Gustav Vasa or Gustav Eriksson Vasa (1496 - 1560), became king of Sweden in 1523 and was the first monarch of the house of Vasa. ... In several different regions of medieval Europe, and continuing in some countries[] down to the present day, the estates of the realm were broad divisions of society, usually distinguishing nobility, clergy, and commoners; this last group was, in some regions, further divided into burghers (also known as bourgeoisie) and peasants. ... Fee simple, also known as fee simple absolute or allodial, is a term of art in common law. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... // Events and trends The 1910s represent the culmination of European militarism which had its beginnings during the second half of the 19th Century. ...


Prior to the Constitutional reforms that brought a new Instrument of Government in 1974, the Riksdag underwent an important change in 1970. In 1865 it had been constituted as a political assembly with two chambers but in 1970 it was transformed into a unicameral assembly with 350 seats. By chance, the following general election to the unicameral Riksdag in 1973 only gave the Government the support of 175 members, while the opposition could mobilize an equal force of 175 members. In a number of cases a tied vote ensued, and the final decision had to be determined by lot. To avoid any recurrence of this, the number of seats in Parliament was reduced to 349 from 1976. 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


See also

Since the introduction of parliamentarism in Sweden six referendums have been held. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Riksdag
  • The Riksdag – official site

Coordinates: 59°19′39″N, 18°04′03″E Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Riksdag - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (875 words)
The Riksdag or Sveriges Riksdag is the Parliament of Sweden.
Under the new Instrument of Government (one of the four fundamental laws of the Constitution) enacted in 1974, that task was removed from the Monarch of Sweden and given to the Speaker of the Riksdag.
Riksdag is the direct Swedish equivalent of the German Reichstag.
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