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Encyclopedia > Rigoberta Menchú

Rigoberta Menchú Tum (born in Chimel, Guatemala, January 9, 1959) was the recipient of the 1992 Nobel Peace Prize, given "in recognition of her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples". January 9 is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nobel Peace Prize (where Nobel is pronounced with the stress on the second syllable) is one of five Nobel Prizes requested by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. ...


Her prize is based in part on her 1987 autobiography I, Rigoberta Menchú. Detractors claim that the book contains many fabrications (see journalistic fraud for details of these allegations). Her defenders claim that any dishonesties are offset by the overarching importance of her tale of Guatemalan suppression of the Indian people. Her work had significant impact, enough that President Bill Clinton at one point publicly apologized for CIA support of repressive anti-Communist military dictatorships in the country. Journalistic fraud includes practices such as plagiarism, fabrication of quotes, facts, or other report details, staging or altering the event being putatively recorded, or anything else that may call the integrity and truthfulness of a piece of journalism into question. ... President of the United States - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Order: 42nd President Vice President: Al Gore Term of office: January 20, 1993 – January 20, 2001 Preceded by: George H. W. Bush Succeeded by: George W. Bush Date of birth: August 19, 1946 Place of birth: Hope, Arkansas First Lady: Hillary Rodham Clinton Political party: Democratic William Jefferson Clinton (born... The CIA Seal The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is one of the American foreign intelligence agencies, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ... -1... Augusto Pinochet (sitting) was an army general who led a military coup in Chile in 1973. ...


Menchú states that she began migrant farm work at age five under conditions that killed siblings and friends. As an adult, she joined family members in action against military for its human rights abuses. Her interests were sparked by the deaths of her parents in 1980 at the hands of paramilitaries. They were seen as protesters that were supporting the overthrow of the Guatamalan government. Violence forced her exile in 1981. Menchú is a member of the indigenous Quiché Maya group. This page is about the Native American people; for the dish, see quiche. ... This article will mostly concern itself with the Maya civilization after the conquest by Spain. ...


In 1991 she participated in the ongoing preparation by the United Nations of a declaration of the rights of indigenous people. She is a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador. She returned to Guatemala to work for change. 1991 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United Nations, or UN, is an international organization established in 1945 and now made up of 191 states. ... UNESCO Goodwill Ambassadors are celebrity advocates of UNESCO and utilize their talent or fame to spread the UNESCO ideals. ...


She also sought to have Guatemala's ex-military dictator and failed 2003 presidential candidate Efraín Ríos Montt tried in Spanish courts in 1999 for crimes committed against Spanish citizens; these attempts faltered, however. In addition to the deaths of Spanish citizens, the most serious charges include genocide against the Maya people of Guatemala. Efraín Ríos Montt on the campaign trail in 2003 José Efraín Ríos Montt (born June 16, 1926 in Huehuetenango, Guatemala) is the former President of Guatemala (1982-83) and former head of the National Congress. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Wiktionary has a definition of: Genocide Genocide has been defined as the deliberate killing of people based on their ethnicity, nationality, race, religion, or (sometimes) politics, as well as other deliberate actions leading to the physical elimination of any of the above categories. ...


External links

  • Biography at nobel.se (http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1992/tum-bio.html)
  • Nobel Peace Prize lecture (http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1992/tum-lecture.html)
  • Salon.com: Rigoberta Menchú meets the press (http://archive.salon.com/news/1999/02/12newsa.html)

 
 

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