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Encyclopedia > Rifled musket

The rifled musket is a long-barreled infantry weapon (to be distinguished from the shorter "rifle" carried by some light infantry units), usually percussion, that was common in the 19th century. Rifling gave the rifled musket better long-range accuracy than its smoothbore predecessors. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, bicycles, or other means. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditionally light infantry (or skirmishers) were soldiers whose job was to provide a skirmishing screen ahead of the main body of infantry, harassing and delaying the enemy advance. ... The percussion cap or primer was the crucial invention that enabled firearms to fire in any weather. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Rifling of a Canon de 75 modèle 1897 A 35 caliber Remington, with a microgroove rifled barrel with a right hand twist. ... Smoothbore refers to a firearm which does not have a rifled barrel. ...

Use in the United States

The first rifled musket to be adopted by the United States was the Model 1855. It was followed by the Model 1861, the most common shoulder weapon of the Civil War. In addition, many older, smoothbore muskets were rifled in the years prior to and during the Civil War. The muzzle-loading rifled musket was eventually succeeded by the Model 1865 breechloading rifle, essentially a breechloading conversion of the Model 1861. This would evolve, through several models, into the famous Model 1873 "trapdoor". The design of the MODEL 1855 US Springfield originally had a feature, known as the Maynard Tape Primer, which resulted in the unique high hump under the familiar arch-shaped hammer. ... Modern reproduction of the Springfield Model 1861 The Springfield Model 1861 was a rifled musket shoulder arm used by the United States Army and Marines during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... A muzzleloader is any firearm into which the bullet is loaded from the muzzle of the gun (open end of the gun barrel). ... The Springfield Model 1865 is the first in a series of breech-loading rifle designs known as trapdoor Springfields, distinguished by enabling loading of a powerful military cartridge at the breech, thus markedly increasing the rate of fire. ... Breech from Russian 122 mm M1910 howitzer, modified and combined with 105mm H37 howitzer barrel An interrupted screw style breech plug in the M109 howitzer An animation showing the loading cycle for a large naval breech-loader. ... Modern reproduction of the Springfield Model 1861 The Springfield Model 1861 was a rifled musket shoulder arm used by the United States Army and Marines during the American Civil War. ... The Model 1873 Trapdoor Springfield was the first ever standard issued Breech-loading rifle for the United States Army. ...

See also

  Results from FactBites:
Springfield Rifle - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (206 words)
The term Springfield Rifle may refer to any one of several types of small arms produced by the Springfield Armory in Springfield, Massachusetts, for the United States armed forces.
Some examples of the smoothbore Springfield model 1842 musket that were later modified with rifling and used during the American Civil War may also be referred to as "Springfield rifles".
The Krag-Jørgensen, M-1 Garand and M-14 rifles are not typically referred to as "Springfield rifles", even though they were rifles manufactured by the Springfield Armory for the U.S. military.
  More results at FactBites »



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