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Encyclopedia > Rifains

This is about a region in Morocco: RIF is also an acronym/initialism. This is about a region in Morocco: RIF is also an acronym/initialism. ... Acronyms and initialisms are abbreviations formed from the initial letter or letters of words, such as NATO and XHTML, and are pronounced in a way that is distinct from the full pronunciation of what the letters stand for. ...


Rif mountains near Al Hoceima

The Rif (Arif in the Amazigh language, which is also known as the Berber language, and er-Rif الريف in Arabic, ( It doesn't have the same meaning as in Arabic "countryside")) is a mainly mountainous region of north Morocco, from Cape Spartel and Tangier in the west to Cape Tres Forcas and Melilla in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the river of Ouargha in the south. Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 425 KB)Photo of Rif mountains looking toward the Mediterranean Sea near Al Hoceima. ... Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 425 KB)Photo of Rif mountains looking toward the Mediterranean Sea near Al Hoceima. ... Al Hoceima is a port in the Rif, and its main city. ... Afro-Asiatic - Berber The Berber languages (or Tamazight) are a group of closely related languages mainly spoken in Morocco and Algeria. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Kingdom of Morocco is a country in northwest Africa. ... Cape Spartel is a promontory in Morocco about 1,000 feet above sea level at the entrance to the Strait of Gibraltar. ... Tangier (in Berber and Arabic Tanja, in Spanish Tánger and in French Tanger) is a city of northern Morocco with a population of 350,000, or 550,000 including suburbs. ... Melilla, known in Arabic as مليلة, and in Tamazight as Tamlit is a Spanish autonomous city on the coast of eastern Morocco, in North Africa. ... -1...


The people of the Rif are Rifains ( the Berber people of north Morocco who call themselves: "Imazighen" or "Irifyen" ), and Arabs ( Arabised Rifains and authentic Arabs ), but the term " Rif " is generally used to indicate the Amazigh people of the Rif ( Irifiyen ). Arab (disambiguation). ...


Major Amazigh-Rif cities include Al Hoceima and Nador, while Melilla, though in Spanish hands, is geographically a part of it. Al Hoceima is a port in the Rif, and its main city. ... Missing image Nador Nador city, northeastern Morocco in the Rif. ... Melilla, known in Arabic as مليلة, and in Tamazight as Tamlit is a Spanish autonomous city on the coast of eastern Morocco, in North Africa. ... The Kingdom of Spain or Spain (Spanish and Galician: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. ...

Contents

History

In the Middle Ages, it was the home of the Kingdom of Nekor. In the twentieth century, under the leadership of Abd el-Krim el-Khattabi, a Moroccan national hero, it declared independence as the Rif Republic and withstood a Spanish invasion for several years. The Kingdom of Nekor was an emirate in the Rif area of modern day Morocco, with its capital initially at Temsaman but later at Nekor. ... Time Magazine, August 17, 1925 Abd el-Krim (c. ...


Neighboring groups include Ghomara on the east, Senhaja on the southeast, and Aith Iznacen on the southwest, in addition to Algeria to the east. The principal spoken language of the region is Tarifit. The Ghomara are an originally Berber group in northern Morocco, between the rivers Laou and Ouringa, north of Chechaouen and south of Tetouan, just east of the Rif. ... The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. ... Tarifit is a Northern Berber language of the Zenati subgroup, spoken mainly in the Moroccan Rif by about 2 million people. ...


Tribes

Traditionally, the principal Amazigh-Rif tribes of the region are:

  • Aith Ouriaghel near Ajdir, around Oued Ghis (Abd el-Krim's tribe)
  • Gzennaya, near the source of Oued Bayu, east of the Metalsa
  • Galiya, in the region of Melilla
    • Mazuza
    • Aith Shisher
    • Aith Sidel
    • Aith Bu Ifrur
    • Aith Bu Yafer
  • Kebdana, along the coast next to Oued Moulouya near the Algerian border
  • Aith Said, west of Oued Kert
  • Oulad Stut, an originally Arab tribe, south of the Kebdana
  • Aith Bu Yahi, along Oued Moulouya south of the Oulad Stut
  • Metalsa, east of the Aith Bu Yahi
  • Aith Ulishk, southwest of Temsaman
  • Tafersit, southwest of Temsaman
  • Aith Tuzin, south of Temsaman
  • Temsaman, around the town of that name, west of Al Hoceima
  • Aith Amart, south of Aith Ouriaghel
  • Targuist, southeast of Aith Ouriaghel
  • Bokoya, between Ajdir and Bades
  • Aith Itteft, east of Bades
  • Aith Bu Frah, east of Aith Itteft
  • Mestassa, east of Aith Bu Frah
  • Mtiwa, between Mestassa and Oued Ouringa

Time Magazine, August 17, 1925 Abd el-Krim (c. ... Melilla, known in Arabic as مليلة, and in Tamazight as Tamlit is a Spanish autonomous city on the coast of eastern Morocco, in North Africa. ... The People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria, or Algeria, is a nation in north Africa, and the second largest country on the African continent. ... Arab (disambiguation). ... Al Hoceima is a port in the Rif, and its main city. ...

Environment

The Rif mountains are home to the honeybee Apis mellifera major.


See also

  • Heads of State of Rif
  • Heads of Government of Rif
  • Nekor

List of Heads of State of the Rif (Morocco) Categories: Rif ... Heads of Government of Rif Categories: Rif ... Nekor (Arabic نكور) is a town in the Rif of Morocco. ...

External links


 
 

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