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Encyclopedia > Riding animal

A working animal is an animal that doesn't live in the wild but is kept by humans, and often trained, to perform various tasks, regardless whether they are also used for consumption of meat and milk or for other produce such as leather etc. Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ...


Domesticated species are often bred in several types of breeds suitable for different uses and conditions, not counting keeping as a mere pet. This is especially the case with Horses and Working dogs A picture of a man with a domesticated dog A pet is an animal that is kept by humans for companionship and enjoyment, as opposed to livestock, which are kept for economic reasons. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ... This working dog is a border collie mix. ...


Different types of animals are used around the world depending on the conditions and the intended use of the animal.


Some types of working animals follow; a draught animal is a (semi-)domesticated animal used for its physical power, as in transport and haulage such as the heavy labour of pulling carts, hauling timber and ploughing fields. Domesticated animals, plants, and other organisms are those whose collective behavior, life cycle, or physiology has been altered as a result of their breeding and living conditions being under human control for multiple generations. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria  Acoelomorpha  Orthonectida  Rhombozoa  Myxozoa  Superphylum Deuterostomia     Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Note: A cart may also be short for cartridge, particularly in the radio industry, where precursors of 8-track cartridges (and later CDs and zip drives) were used. ... Timber Timber is a term used to describe wood throughout its processing from the time it is planned for use in industrial products to the time it is used as a structural material or in other industrial product, such as wood pulp for paper production. ... A farmer works the land in the traditional way with a horse and plough The plough (American spelling: plow) is a tool used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting. ...

Contents


Beasts of burden

(Non-human) animal-powered transport on land, in the water or in the air is a major, broad category of the human use of animals, known as beasts of burden, for the movement of people and goods. People ride some of the larger of these animals directly as mounts, use them as pack animals to carry goods, or harness one or a team to pull vehicles. (Non-human) animal-powered transport is a broad category of the human use of non-human animals (also known as beasts of burden) for the movement of people and goods. ... Binomial name Homo sapiens Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies Homo sapiens idaltu (extinct) Homo sapiens sapiens Human beings define themselves in biological, social, and spiritual terms. ... The term harness has been used for many centuries for part of the collection of equipment known as horse tack, essential in the domestic, military, and agrarian use of horses. ... A team comprises any group of people or animals linked in a common purpose. ... Vehicles are non-living means of transportation. ...


Riding animals or Mounts

Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The Horse (Equus caballus) is a sizeable ungulate mammal, one of the seven modern species of the genus Equus. ... A pony is a certain kind of small horse, as determined by the animals height in hands. ... Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 The donkey (Equus asinus, hence also ass) is a domesticated animal of the horse family, Equidae. ... In its common modern meaning, a mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. ... Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius A camel is either of the two species of large even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus, the Dromedary (Single hump) and the Bactrian Camel (Double hump). ... Binomial name Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus, 1758 The Dromedary, or Arabian Camel (Camelus dromedarius), is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa and western Asia, and the best-known member of the camel family. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas recki (extinct) Stegodon (extinct) Deinotherium (extinct) Mammuthus (extinct) Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of animals, the only family in the order Proboscidea that still exists today. ... Garuda (Sanskrit: Garuḍa), the eagle, is a lesser Hindu god, the mount (vahanam) of Vishnu, one of the main forms of God in Hinduism. ...

Pack-animals

  • Often these belong to the same species as mounts, though breeds may be specialized, e.g. pack-horse, Donkey(often used in semi-arid climates by average peasants and farmers due to their tenacity and low cost). camel, elephant in forestry
  • Other species are more exclusively used to carry loads, such as llamas in the Andes
  • Bovines include (water-)buffalo (as distinct from bison), ox and bullock and yak (adapted to the extreme Himalayan conditions)
  • A more subtle variation is to transport information, as the carrier pigeon does (as only working animal?) trough the air.

Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 The donkey (Equus asinus, hence also ass) is a domesticated animal of the horse family, Equidae. ... In a detail of Brueghels Land of Cockaigne (1567) a soft-boiled egg has little feet to rush to the luxuriating peasant who catches drops of honey on his tongue, while roast pigs roam wild: the 16th century was a good time for European peasants A peasant, from 15th... Species Camelus bactrianus Camelus dromedarius A camel is either of the two species of large even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus, the Dromedary (Single hump) and the Bactrian Camel (Double hump). ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas recki (extinct) Stegodon (extinct) Deinotherium (extinct) Mammuthus (extinct) Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of animals, the only family in the order Proboscidea that still exists today. ... Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid native to South America. ... A buffalo is one of several species of bovine. ... Species B. bison B. bonasus B. priscus Bison is a taxonomic genus containing six species of large even-toed ungulates within the subfamily Bovinae. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Binomial name Bos gruniens Linnaeus, 1766 The yak (Bos grunniens) is a long-haired humped domestic bovine found in Tibet and throughout the Himalayan region of south central Asia. ... A carrier pigeon is a breed of pigeon (specifically a domesticated Rock Dove, Columba livia) that has wattles, a nearly vertical stature, and that may once have been used to carry messages. ...

An intermediate use

This is to harness them, singly or in teams, to pull (or 'haul') sleds or wheeled vehicles A team comprises any group of people or animals linked in a common purpose. ... A sled, sledge or sleigh is a vehicle with runners for sliding instead of wheels for rolling. ... Vehicles are non-living means of transportation. ...

  • Traditionally, in the United States and for military use, mules have been considered excellent draught animals but are also very expensive since they cannot breed
  • Draft - = draught horse are commonly used but are often not considered the best animals for heavy pulling.
  • Dogs are used in some countries for pulling light carts or as sled dog
  • Reindeer are used in cold climates (as Nordic countries and Siberia).

In its common modern meaning, a mule is the offspring of a male donkey and a female horse. ... A draft horse or draught horse is a large, strong horse breed for heavy work rather than speed. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Dog is a canine carnivorous mammal that has been domesticated for at least 14,000 years and perhaps for as long as 150,000 years based on recent evidence. ... Sled dogs, known also as sleigh dogs, sledge dogs or sleddogs are dogs that are used to pull a wheel-less vehicle on runners (a sled or sleigh) over snow or ice, by means of harnesses and lines. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) The reindeer, known as caribou in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer (Rangifer tarandus). ...

Other Draught animals

Animal power is also used to drive various machines and heavy devises that are not mere loads, and for plaughing: especially oxen (often considered the best animals for heavy work, especially where surefootedness is necessary or if wet conditions prevail but they are required in numbers that make them expensive to procure and they are generally hard to raise in more arid climates) and water buffalo (in tropical or very wet subtropical areas, often used in rice-growing). Often the same species as beasts of burden, especially in a tread-mill, e.g. to grind or to pump, but other kinds can also be put to work. Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Binomial name Bubalus arnee (Kerr, 1792) The Water Buffalo is a very large ungulate. ...


Retrieval and similar largely sensorial tasks

Hunting and fishing animals

As predatory species are naturally equipped to catch prey, this is also an interesting economical use whenever man manages to 'harvest' their prey if of value to man) and substitute it with cheaper feed; the same can also be done either for sport (reviled by many as cruelty to animals) or to control the population of prey species that are considered harmful to crops, animal breeding or the very environment

  • hounds and various other dogs are used to find, drive, kill and fetch prey, and various breeds are specialized in one of these tasks, sometimes reflected in the very terminology of dog classification, such as pointer, setter
  • in falconry, birds of prey are used as complete hunters in the air
  • Ferret
  • aquatic birds, such as cormorants in China, can be used to do the same except the prey is fish

Hounds have been used for hunting since ancient times, as suggested by this statue of the goddess Diana hunting. ... It has been suggested that wild pointer be merged into this article or section. ... The Setter is a type of gundog used most often for hunting game such as quail, pheasant, and grouse. ... Falconry (occasionally referred to as falconeering) is the art or sport of training raptors (birds of prey) to hunt or pursue game. ... Trinomial name Mustela putorius furo (Linnaeus, 1758) This article is about the mammal. ... Genera Nannopterum Phalacrocorax Leucocarbo The Phalacrocoracidae family of birds is represented by over thirty species of cormorants and shags. ...

Man hunt

Mainly hounds are used to find and catch or eliminate human 'prey', such as escaped prisoners- in human ethical terms this is a different matter, for the predatory animal just another prey species Hounds have been used for hunting since ancient times, as suggested by this statue of the goddess Diana hunting. ...


Other gathering

  • various breeds of dogs and other species with better sensorial functions then man are used to find and harvest other valuable products, such as truffles (a very expensive deep subterranean mushroom; in France mainly pigs are used, in Italy mainly dogs)

Rescue

  • Mainly dogs are used to find and help people who get lost (e.g. the St.Bernard was bred for this job in the mountains) are trapped, e.g. in avalanches or collapsed buildings (as in case of earthquake)

Security and defense

The sensorial functions and natural defensive and offensive means (such as fangs and claws) of various species can be used to protect or -mainly in the case of predatory species- to attack humans.

  • The guard dog in no way has a monopoly as watchman, e.g. geese
  • Fight dogs (here: dogs of war, not for entertainment and betting) and battle elephants are living weapons, used as soldiers in all but conscious motivation- or is that an ideal fighter from a cynical general's point of view?
  • Sniffer dogs aren't only suited for man-hunt (above) but also to find contrand, such as illegal drugs
  • Dolphins to carry markers to attach to detected mines
  • On lands, dogs and various other species, even insects, can be trained to find or even disable landmines

A guard dog or watch dog is a dog employed to guard against, or watch for, unwanted or unexpected animals or people. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas recki (extinct) Stegodon (extinct) Deinotherium (extinct) Mammuthus (extinct) Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of animals, the only family in the order Proboscidea that still exists today. ... Belgian Malinois as K-9 unit A police dog is a dog that is trained specifically to assist police and similar law-enforcement personnel with their work. ... Genera See article below. ... A naval mine is a stationary self-contained explosive device placed in water, to destroy ships and/or submarines. ...

Human toil

While the primate species known as man (Homo sapiens sapiens; the very Latin scientific name, sapiens meaning 'wise' or knowledgable, is a somewhat presumptive declaration of genetic superiority justified only by its high intelligence) tends to forget it still is biologically 100% an animal (the ultimate consequence of the creationist rejection of Evolution can even be to deny it completely), it is usually considered a reproach or insult to equate human labor with working animals. Creationism is generally the belief that the universe was created by a deity, or alternatively by one or more powerful and intelligent beings. ...


Nevertheless, in terms of natural history, the period that culture allowed humans to live significantly different then animals (hunting and gathering is essentially animal subsistance) is still a very short experiment.


Even in historical times humans have not only continue to toil 'like beasts' but often been (ab)used against their will as working animals in all but time, often subject to corporal punishment (adversaries generally consider it inhuman and degrading) if productivity is not deemed satisfactory, either as a punishment (see penal labor) or in an institutional, legally sometimes rightless state as slave (in the broad sense of the term), e.g. the convicted galley slave was often deliberately treated crueler then any beast of burden. Corporal punishment in the narrow sense of the term is the deliberate infliction of pain intended as correction or punishment. ... Penal labour is a form of the unfree labour. ... The word slaves has several meanings and usages: People who are owned by others, and live to serve them without pay. ... A French galley and Dutch men-of-war off a port by Abraham Willaerts, painted 17th century. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Riding - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1008 words)
This article is about the riding as a unit of local government and as an electoral district; for usage of the more common homonym, a form of the verb to ride, see equestrianism and related articles such as riding animal.
According to the 12th-century compilation known as the laws of Edward the Confessor, the riding was the third part of a county (provincia); to it causes were brought which could not be determined in the wapentake, and a matter which could not be determined in the riding was brought into the court of the shire.
Ridings existed in rural New Zealand until the popularisation of the automobile with the improvement of roads, and the concurrent urban drift.
Riding Animals (847 words)
Not having hands, riding animals do not have a Dexterity score using instead their AGL for attacks with hooves.
Riding bareback with a non-sentient creature will inflict a penalty of 20 to all riding skill rolls.
Riding without a saddle will result in a penalty of 10 to all riding skill rolls, and a HEA roll (with the riding skill mod) after every riding session.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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