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Encyclopedia > Riding

In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county, in Australia analogous. The word (known since 1295) is descended from the Old Norse þriðing (thridhing or thrithing) meaning a third part (notably of a county). The term was also used in 19th century Canada to refer to sub-divisions of counties - today, the word riding is a semi-official term for an electoral district. A common misconception holds that the term arose from some association between the size of the district and the distance that can be covered on horseback in a certain amount time. The British Isles consist of Great Britain, Ireland and a number of much smaller surrounding islands. ... The Anglo-Saxons refers collectively to the groups of Germanic tribes who achieved dominance in southern Britain from the mid-5th century, forming the basis for the modern English nation. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ...

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British Isles

Since Viking rule, Yorkshire has three ridings, East, North, and West, which were themselves subdivided into wapentakes. The name Viking is a borrowed word from the native Scandinavian term for the Norse warriors who raided the coasts of Scandinavia, the British Isles, and other parts of Europe from the late 8th century to the 11th century. ... The White Yorkshire rose. ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district in the United Kingdom. ... The North Riding of Yorkshire is one of the three traditional subdivisions of the English county of Yorkshire. ... The West Riding as an administrative county prior to its abolition in 1974. ... A wapentake is a term derived from the Old Norse, the rough equivalent of an Anglo-Saxon hundred. ...


The ridings had separate county councils until 1974. A local government body called East Riding of Yorkshire was re-established in 1996. In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ... The East Riding of Yorkshire is a local government district in the United Kingdom. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Lindsey, a subdivision of Lincolnshire, also possessed ridings, in this case the North, West, and South ridings. See also: Lindsey, Suffolk Until 1974, Lindsey was a unit of local government in Lincolnshire, England. ... Lincolnshire (abbreviated Lincs) is a county in the East Midlands of England. ...

County Tipperary (Tiobraid Árann in Irish) is a traditional county in the Republic of Ireland, in the province of Munster. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Tipperary (Tiobraid Árann Thuaidh in Irish), known until 2002 as Tipperary North Riding, is a local government area in Ireland, consisting of the northern part of County Tipperary. ... South Tipperary (Tiobraid Árann Theas in Irish), known until 2002 as Tipperary South Riding, is a local government area in Ireland, consisting of the southern part of County Tipperary. ... Farthing is an old word meaning a quarter. ... Gloucestershire (pronounced ; GLOSS-ter-sher) is a county in southwest England. ... J. R. R. Tolkien in 1916, wearing his British Army uniform in a photograph from the middle years of WW1. ... A map of the Northwestern part of Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, courtesy of the Encyclopedia of Arda. ... In J. R. R. Tolkiens fictional realm of Middle-earth, the Shire is the region that is occupied by Hobbits. ... In J.R.R. Tolkiens Middle-earth legendarium, the Shire is subdivided into several regions. ...

Canada

In Canadian politics, a riding is a colloquial term for a constituency or electoral district. Officially, "electoral district" is generally used, although government documents sometimes use the colloquial term. Canada is a constitutional monarchy and a Commonwealth Realm (see Monarchy in Canada) with a federal system of parliamentary government, and strong democratic traditions. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... An electoral district is a geographically-based constituency upon which Canadas representative democracy is based. ...


The Canadian use of "riding" is derived from the English local government term, which was widely used in Canada in the 19th century. Most Canadian counties never had sufficient population to justify administrative sub-divisions. Nonetheless, it was common, especially in Ontario, to divide counties with sufficient population into multiple electoral districts, which thus became known as "ridings" in official documents. Soon after Confederation, the urban population grew (and more importantly, most city dwellers gained the franchise after property ownership was no longer required to gain the vote). Rural constituencies therefore became geographically larger through the 20th century and generally encompassed one or more counties each, and the word "riding" was then used to refer to any electoral division. In the predominantly francophone province of Quebec, the equivalent term is comté, i.e. "county". For an explanation of terms like England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology) Motto: Dieu et mon droit (Royal motto) (French for God and my right)3 Anthem: God Save the Queen4 Capital London Largest city London Official language(s) English de facto 5 Government Monarch Prime... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1,076,395... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 11. ...


The local association for a political party is known as a riding association. In Canadian politics a riding association or constituency association is the basic unit of a political party, that is it is the partys organization at the level of the electoral constituency or riding. ...


Australia

The term is also used in Australia as a division of Shire Councils, similar to a Ward in City councils. For information on the fictional Shire of J. R. R. Tolkiens The Lord of the Rings, see Shire (Middle-earth) A shire is an administrative area of Great Britain. ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland, New Zealand, South Africa and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods...


New Zealand

Ridings existed in rural New Zealand until the popularisation of the automobile with the improvement of roads, and the concurrent urban drift. Then (c. 1950s↓) the ridings were merged into larger county councils, which in the 1990s↓ were merged again into district councils. In towns the equivalent administrative unit was called a borough council. This is a timeline of the History of New Zealand. ... // Events and trends This map shows two essential global spheres during the Cold War in 1959. ... Originally, in continental Europe, a county was the land under the jurisdiction of a count. ... A council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ... In the British Isles, a county council is a council that governs a county. ... This is a timeline of the History of New Zealand. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive, the last decade of the 20th Century. ... A borough is a local government administrative subdivision used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ...


Sources and References

  • Etymology on line
  • Information about Canadian ridings

  Results from FactBites:
 
Riding - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (875 words)
According to the 12th-century compilation known as the laws of Edward the Confessor, the riding was the third part of a county (provincia); to it causes were brought which could not be determined in the wapentake, and a matter which could not be determined in the riding was brought into the court of the shire.
In Canadian politics, a "riding" is a colloquial term for a constituency or electoral district.
Ridings existed in rural New Zealand until the popularisation of the automobile with the improvement of roads, and the concurrent urban drift.
Riding association - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (324 words)
In Canadian politics a riding association (French: association de comté), officially called an electoral district association (association de circonscription) is the basic unit of a political party, that is it is the party's organization at the level of the electoral constituency or riding.
Major political parties attempt to have a riding association in each constituency though, usually, these associations are more active in ridings where the party has an elected Member of Parliament or has a reasonable chance of electing an MP in the future, and less active in ridings where the party's prospects have historically been poor.
Riding associations were more important in this aspect in the past when they would elect supporters of a particular leadership candidate to participate as delegates at a leadership convention.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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