FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Rideau Canal
The Locks in Summer
The Locks in Summer

The Rideau Canal, also known as the Rideau Waterway, connects the city of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada on the Ottawa River to the city of Kingston, Ontario on Lake Ontario. The Rideau Canal was completed in 1832 and is still in use today. The canal system uses sections of major rivers, including the Rideau and the Cataraqui, as well as some lakes. It is the oldest continuously operated canal system in North America. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 618 KB) Author: en:User:Bobak HaEri Description: The Rideau Canal in Ottawa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 618 KB) Author: en:User:Bobak HaEri Description: The Rideau Canal in Ottawa. ... The Canal du Midi in Toulouse, France. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... Kingston, Ontario, is a historic city in Ontario, Canada, located in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ... Lake Ontario (French: lac Ontario), bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... 1832 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... rapids on the Rideau River opposite Carleton University The Rideau River is a Canadian river which flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Cataraqui River (pronounced ka-tah-RAH-kway) forms the lower portion of the Rideau Canal in Canada. ...

Contents

History

The canal on a calm, summer day.
The canal on a calm, summer day.

At the time it was proposed, shortly after the War of 1812, there remained a persistent threat of attack from the United States on Britain's colony of Upper Canada. To impede and deter any future American invasions, the British built various forts (eg. Citadel Hill, La Citadelle, and Fort Henry) and canals (eg.Grenville Canal, Chute-à-Blondeau Canal, Carillon Canal, and the Rideau Canal) to defend their territory. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 828 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rideau Canal User:GarrettRock/photos/QuébecOntario Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1536x2048, 828 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Rideau Canal User:GarrettRock/photos/QuébecOntario Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Combatants United States Native Americans United Kingdom Canadian colonial forces Native Americans Native Canadians Commanders James Madison Winfield Scott George Prevost Tecumseh† Strength •U.S. Regular Army: 35,800 •Rangers: 3,049 •Militia: 458,463* •US Navy & US Marines: (at start of war): •Frigates:3 •Other vessels: 14 •Indigenous peoples... Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ... Inside Citadel Hill Citadel Hill is a glacial drumlin located on the Halifax Peninsula. ... View of the fortifications of the Citadel, with the Parliament Building behind The Citadel - the French name is used both in English and French - is a military installation and official residence located atop Cap Diamant, adjoining the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... Fort Henry aerial photo, 1920 Fort Henry is located in Kingston, Ontario on a point of land near the mouth of the Cataraqui River where it flows into the Saint Lawrence River at the upper end of the Thousand Islands. ...


The canal's initial purpose was military - to provide a secure supply and communications route between Montreal and Kingston, Ontario. Westward from Montreal, travel would proceed along the Ottawa River to Bytown (now Ottawa), then southwest via the canal to Kingston and out into Lake Ontario (and vice versa for eastward travel from Kingston to Montreal). The intent being to bypass the stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering New York State which would have left British supply ships vulnerable to attack or a blockade of the St. Lawrence. City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Québec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Kingston, Ontario, is a historic city in Ontario, Canada, located in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... Bytown is the former name Ottawa, Canada. ... Motto: Advance Ottawa/Ottawa en avant Coordinates: Country Canada Province Ontario County Established 1850 as Bytown City Mayor Bob Chiarelli Governing body Ottawa City Council MPs / MPPs Members of Parliament (MPs) Mauril Bélanger (LPC), Paul Dewar (NDP), John Baird (CPC), Royal Galipeau (CPC), David McGuinty (LPC),Pierre Lemieux (CPC... Lake Ontario (French: lac Ontario), bounded on the north by Ontario and on the south by Ontarios Niagara Peninsula and by New York State, is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ...


No further military engagements have taken place between Canada and the United States since the war of 1812, and consequently the Rideau Canal was never used for its intended purpose.


The construction of the canal was supervised by Lieutenant-Colonel John By of the Royal Engineers. Private contractors such as John Redpath, Thomas McKay, Nichol Hugh Baird and others were responsible for much of the construction and the majority of the actual work was done by thousands of Irish and French-Canadian labourers. Lieutenant-Colonel John By (probably 7 August 1779 – 1 February 1836) was a British military engineer, best remembered for supervising the construction of the Rideau Canal and, in the process, founding what would become the city of Ottawa. ... The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. ... John Redpath (1796–March 5, 1869) was a Scots-Quebecer businessman and philanthropist who helped pioneer the industrial movement that made Montreal, Quebec the largest and most prosperous city in Canada. ... Thomas McKay* (September 1, 1792 – October 9, 1855) was a prosperous Canadian businessman who was one of the founders of the city of Ottawa, Ontario. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ...

The monument unveiled May 28 2004, by Archbishop Gervais
The monument unveiled May 28 2004, by Archbishop Gervais

While the exact number of deaths will likely never be known, as many as a thousand of these workers may have died from malaria, other diseases and accidents such as explosions during blasting. To make matters worse, unemployment and a major cholera epidemic spread from Quebec City to Upper Canada after its completion causing further deaths. Despite this, most workers survived and many settled on area farms or entered the timber trade . Some of those who died remain unidentified as they had no known relatives in Upper Canada and were buried in unmarked graves. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (783x1170, 430 KB) Description: Celtic cross memorial to fallen Rideau Canal workers in Lowertown, Ottawa. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (783x1170, 430 KB) Description: Celtic cross memorial to fallen Rideau Canal workers in Lowertown, Ottawa. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... Malaria (from Medieval Italian: mala aria — bad air; formerly called ague or marsh fever) is an infectious disease that is widespread in many tropical and subtropical regions. ... Drawing of Death bringing the cholera, in Le Petit Journal. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Map of Upper Canada (orange) Upper Canada was a British territory in what is now the Canadian province of Ontario. ...


Memorials to the fallen labourers (more directly toward the Irish majority) have been erected along the canal route, most recently the Celtic Cross memorials in Kingston and Lowertown Ottawa (near the Locks) [1].


The canal was completed in 1832. The final cost of its construction was £822,000. This was more than had been expected and By was recalled to London and questioned by a parliamentary committee before being cleared of any wrongdoing. London (pronounced ) is the capital city of England and the United Kingdom. ...


The Waterway

The 202 kilometres (125 miles) of the Rideau Canal incorporate sections of the Rideau River and the Cataraqui River, as well as several lakes including the Lower, Upper and Big Rideau lakes. About 19 kilometres (12 miles) of the route is man made. rapids on the Rideau River opposite Carleton University The Rideau River is a Canadian river which flows north from Upper Rideau Lake and empties into the Ottawa River at Rideau Falls in Ottawa, Ontario. ... The Cataraqui River (pronounced ka-tah-RAH-kway) forms the lower portion of the Rideau Canal in Canada. ...

The Rideau Canal, looking South onto Mooney's Bay.

Today, only pleasure craft make use of the Rideau Canal. Boat tours of the canal are offered in the city of Ottawa and recreational boaters can make use of it to travel between Ottawa and Kingston with ease. Most of the locks are still hand-operated. There are a total of 47 locks at 24 stations along the Canal. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 2874 KB) Looking out into Mooneys Bay, from the Rideau Canal in Ottawa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3072x2304, 2874 KB) Looking out into Mooneys Bay, from the Rideau Canal in Ottawa. ... Canal locks in England. ...


In normal operations the canal can handle boats up to 27.4m (90ft) in length, 7.9m (26ft) in width, and 6.7m (22ft) in height. In special circumstances a boat up to 33.5m (110ft) in length by 9.1m (30ft) in width can be handled.


Communities along the waterway include:

This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Smiths Falls (2001 population 9,977) is a town in Ontario, Canada. ... Merrickville (population 1,000) is a small town in Eastern Ontario, Canada. ... Westport [1] is located in Eastern Ontario at the west end of Upper Rideau Lake, at the head of the navigable Rideau Canal system, between Kingston and Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Battersea in 1878 Battersea is a community in the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the township of South Frontenac 20 kilometres north of Kingston. ... Kingston, Ontario, is a historic city in Ontario, Canada, located in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ...

The Skateway

A portion of the world's largest skating rink
A portion of the world's largest skating rink

In winter, the section of the Rideau Canal which passes through the city of Ottawa becomes officially the world's longest skating rink. The cleared area is 7.8 kilometres (4.8 miles) long and has the equivalent surface area of 90 Olympic hockey rinks. It runs from the locks at Carleton University to the locks between the Parliament Buildings and the Chateau Laurier. It serves as a popular tourist attraction and recreational area and is also the focus of the Winterlude festival in Ottawa. Beaver Tails, a type of fried dough pastry topped with ingredients such as cinnamon, lemon, and maple syrup, are a popular treat on the Canal and are sold, along with other foods, in kiosks scattered along the length of the skateway. Download high resolution version (1024x768, 149 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 149 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Carleton University is a co-educational, international university in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Canada Parliament Hill, (French Colline du Parlement), -The Hill for locals- is a scenic location on the banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Canada. ... teau Laurier seen from Wellington Street The Ch teau Laurier is a noted hotel in downtown Ottawa, Canada. ... Ice sculpture museum carved out of snow at the annual Winterlude Sculptures in Confederation Park are illuminated nightly Winterlude is an annual festival in Ottawa, Ontario and Gatineau, Quebec that celebrates winter. ... Fried dough Fried dough stand Dough being deep-fat fried Fried dough is a North American food associated with outdoor food stands in carnivals, fairs, and seaside resorts (though it can be made at home). ... Binomial name Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Cassia (Indonesian cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... Binomial name Citrus × limon (L.) Burm. ... A sugarshack where sap is boiled down to maple syrup. ...

See also

Lock One on the Trent-Severn Waterway This article is not about the British company Severn Trent Water. ... Lock 3 of the Welland Canal, with the Garden City Skyway bridge in background. ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St Lawrence Seaway is the common name for system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ... Canal locks in England. ...

External links

Commons logo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Rideau Canal

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rideau Canal - UNESCO World Heritage Centre (284 words)
The Rideau Canal, a monumental early 19th-century canal covering 202 kilometres of the Rideau and Cataraqui rivers from Ottawa south to Kingston Harbour on Lake Ontario was built primarily for strategic military purposes at a time when Great Britain and the United States of America vied for control of the region.
It is the only canal dating from the great North American canal-building era of the early 19th century to remain operational along its original line with most of its original structures intact.
The Rideau Canal is of historical importance as it bears witness to the fight for control of the north of the American Continent.
Pat's Boating in Canada: Rideau Canal & Waterway (0 words)
The Rideau Migratory Bird Sanctuary is 800 hectares (2800 acres) on the western edge of Merrickville beside the river, some of the best wetlands along the Rideau Waterway.
It is at the junction of the Rideau River, Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River.
Kingston Marina and Rideau Marina are smaller marinas on the Rideau canal side of the harbour.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m