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Encyclopedia > Richmond, California
City of Richmond
Skyline of City of Richmond

Seal
Nickname: The City of Pride and Purpose
Coordinates: 37°56′13″N 122°20′31″W / 37.93694, -122.34194
Country United States
State California
County Contra Costa
Government
 - Mayor Gayle McLaughlin (G)
Area
 - City  52.6 sq mi (136.2 km²)
 - Land  30.4 sq mi (77.6 km²)
 - Water  22 sq mi (58.5 km²)
Elevation 187 ft (57 m)
Population
 - City 103,818
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Website: http://www.ci.richmond.ca.us/
An Ohlone native depicted on an overpass mural in East Richmond juxtaposed with a modern gas station.
An Ohlone native depicted on an overpass mural in East Richmond juxtaposed with a modern gas station.

Richmond is a city in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. It is located in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area and is sometimes confused with the Richmond District in San Francisco. It is a residential inner suburb, as well as the site of heavy industry, which has been undergoing a shift towards a service and commercial economy since the 1970s. It almost completely surrounds the city of San Pablo, and the unincorporated areas of North Richmond, El Sobrante and East Richmond Heights. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2304x1728, 817 KB) i took it I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Richseal. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... In political geography and international politics, a country is a political division of a geographical entity, a sovereign territory, most commonly associated with the notions of state or nation and government. ... A state is a political association with effective dominion over a geographic area. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Gayle McLaughlin is member of the City Council of Richmond, California, and a social activist who has participated in movements for peace, social justice, civil rights, and environmental protection. ... In American politics, the Green Party is a third party which has been active in some areas since the 1980s, but first gained widespread public attention for Ralph Naders presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The metre (American English:meter) is a measure of length. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PST is UTC-8, highlighted in red. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Contra Costa County is a suburban county in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... USGS satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Geary Boulevard, looking eastward from 36th Avenue The Richmond District is a neighborhood in the northwest corner of San Francisco, California. ... San Pablo is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... North Richmond also called Narf is an unincorporated area adjacent to Richmond, California. ... El Sobrante is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... East Richmond Heights is an unincorporated community (or census-designated place) in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. ...


The city is headed by mayor Gayle McLaughlin, making Richmond the largest city in the country with a Green Party mayor.[1] As of the July 1, 2005 U.S. Census estimate, the city has a population of 102,186, while the California Department of Finance estimates the city's population at 103,468, as of January 1, 2006.[2] This makes Richmond the 56th largest city in the state behind Berkeley and ahead of Santa Clara. People from Richmond are most often referred to as Richmonders, although Richmondites is the proper term[citation needed]. Gayle McLaughlin is member of the City Council of Richmond, California, and a social activist who has participated in movements for peace, social justice, civil rights, and environmental protection. ... In United States politics, the Green Party has been active as a third party since the 1980s. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1880 US Census of Hoboken, New Jersey The United States Census is mandated by the United States Constitution[1]. The population is enumerated every 10 years and the results are used to allocate Congressional seats (congressional apportionment), electoral votes, and government program funding. ... The California Department of Finance is located in Sacramento, California. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... Location of Santa Clara within Santa Clara County, California. ...

Contents

History

The Ohlone Indians were the first inhabitants to the Richmond area, settling an estimated 5,000 years ago.[3] The Ohlone Indians refer to the native Californians who inhabited the San Francisco and Monterey Bay area prior to the arrival of the Europeans. ...


The name "Richmond" appears to predate actual incorporation by more than fifty years. Edmund Randolph, originally from Richmond, Virginia, represented the city of San Francisco when California's first legislature met in San Jose in December 1849, and he became state assemblyman from San Francisco. His loyalty to the town of his birth caused him to persuade a federal surveying party mapping the San Francisco Bay to place the names "Point Richmond" and "Richmond" on an 1854 geodetic coast map which was the geodetic map at the terminal selected by the San Joaquin Valley Railroad; and by 1899 maps made by the railroad carried the name "Point Richmond Avenue," designating a county road that later became Barrett Avenue, a central street in Richmond. Nickname: Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra (Thus do we reach the stars) Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Government  - Mayor L. Douglas Wilder (I) Area  - City 62. ...


Richmond was founded and incorporated in 1905, carved out of Rancho San Pablo, from which the nearby town of San Pablo inherited its name. Until 1919, the city had the largest winery in the world; the small abandoned village of Winehaven remains fenced off along Western Drive in the Point Molate Area. In the 1920s the Ku Klux Klan was active in the city. In 1930 the Ford Motor Company opened an assembly plant in the south side of town, which is now an abandoned industrial area (the plant moved to Milpitas in the 1970s). The city was a small town at that time, until the onset of World War II which brought on a rush of migrants and a boom in the industrial sector. Standard Oil set up operations here in 1901, including a refinery and tank farm, which are still operated by Chevron. There is a pier into San Francisco Bay south of Point Molate for oil tankers. The western terminus of the Santa Fe Railroad was established in Richmond with ferry connections at Ferry Point in the Brickyard Cove area of Point Richmond to San Francisco. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Members of the second Ku Klux Klan at a rally during the 1920s. ... Ford Motor Company is an American multinational corporation and the worlds third largest automaker based on worldwide vehicle sales. ... Milpitas is a city in Santa Clara County, California. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Standard Oil (Esso) was a predominant integrated oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. ... The Tank Farm is the area of the airport where the the aircraft fuel storage tanks are located. ... Chevron may refer to: Chevron, a V-shaped pattern seen in military or police insigna, heraldry, flag design, and architectural frets Chevron, a series of bones on the underside of the tail of reptiles Chevron Corporation, a petrochemical company Chevron Cars, an advertising campaign of the Chevron Corporation including stylized... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Arizona railroads | California railroads | Colorado railroads | Illinois railroads | Iowa railroads | Kansas railroads | Louisiana railroads | Missouri railroads | Nebraska railroads | New Mexico railroads | Oklahoma railroads | Texas railroads ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ...

USS General A. W. Greely (AP-141) built in Richmond
USS General A. W. Greely (AP-141) built in Richmond

At the outset of World War II, the four Richmond Shipyards were built along the Richmond waterfront, employing thousands of workers, many recruited from all over the United States, including many African-Americans and women entering the workforce for the first time. Many of these workers lived in specially-constructed houses scattered throughout the San Francisco Bay Area, including Richmond, Berkeley and Albany. A specially-built rail line, the Shipyard Railway, transported workers to the shipyards. Kaiser's Richmond shipyards built 747 Victory and Liberty ships for the war effort, more than any other site in the U.S.[4] The city broke many records and even built one Liberty ship in a record five days. On average the yards could build a ship in thirty days. The medical system established for the shipyard workers eventually became today's Kaiser Permanente HMO.[5] One of Kaiser's medical centers is located in Richmond. Image File history File linksMetadata Uss_LSM-397. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Uss_LSM-397. ... Named for General Adolphus Washington Greely, the USS (AP-141) was a C4 type transport laid down under Maritime Commission contract 18 July 1944 by Kaiser Co. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The four Richmond Shipyards, located in the city of Richmond, California, United States, were part of the Kaiser Shipyards, and were responsible for constructing more ships during World War II than any other shipyard in the country. ... The Shipyard Railway was a temporary electric railroad line, rapidly constructed during World War II to transport workers to the Kaiser Shipyards in the city of Richmond, California. ... The Victory ship was a type of cargo ship produced in large numbers by North American shipyards during World War II to replace losses caused by German submarines. ... The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated health maintenance organization (HMO), based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... HMO can mean the following: Health maintenance organization Houses in multiple occupation Home Media Option (Tivo) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


Point Richmond was originally the commercial hub of the city, but a new downtown arose in the center of the city. It was populated by many department stores such as Kress, J.C. Penney, Sears, Macy's, and Woolworth's. During the war the population increased dramatically and peaked at around 99,000 residents in 1950. By 1960 much of the temporary housing built for the shipyard workers was torn down, and the population dropped to about 71,000. Many of the people who moved to Richmond were black and came from the Midwest and South. Most of the white men were overseas at war, and this opened up new opportunities for ethnic minorities and women. This era also brought with it the innovation of daycare for children, as a few women could care for several dozen women's children, while most of the mothers went off to work in the factories and shipyards. S. H. Kress & Co. ... This article is about the department store chain. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Foot Locker Inc NYSE: FL (formerly Z) is a United States company specialising in athletic footwear and clothing. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Day care is the care of a child during the day by a person other than the childs parents or legal guardians, often someone outside the childs immediate family. ...

A "Wendy the Welder" at the Kaiser Richmond Shipyards contributing to the War effort.
A "Wendy the Welder" at the Kaiser Richmond Shipyards contributing to the War effort.

In the 1970s the Hilltop area including a large shopping mall was developed in the northern suburbs of the city; this further depressed the downtown area as it drew away retail clients and tenants. In the late 1990s and early 2000s the Richmond Parkway was built along the western industrial and northwestern parkland of the city connecting Interstates 80 and 580. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The four Richmond Shipyards, located in the city of Richmond, California, United States, were part of the Kaiser Shipyards, and were responsible for constructing more ships during World War II than any other shipyard in the country. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Richmond Parkway is a freeway that traverses the South Shore of Staten Island, New York, USA from northwest to southeast. ...


In the early 1900s, the Santa Fe railroad established a major rail yard adjacent to Point Richmond. The railroad constructed a tunnel through the Potrero San Pablo ridge to run a track from their yard to a ferry landing from which freight cars could be transshipped to San Francisco. Where this track crosses the main street in Point Richmond, there remain two of the last operational wigwag grade crossing signals in the United States, and the only surviving examples of the "upside-down" type. The wigwag is an antiquated type of railroad crossing signal which was phased out in the 1970s and 80s across the country. There was controversy in 2005 when the State Transportation Authority ordered the BNSF railroad company to upgrade the railroad crossing signs. A compromise was achieved that included installing new modern crossing equipment while not removing, but simply shutting off the historic ones and preserving their functionality for special events.[6] This article is about the wigwag railroad crossing signal. ...


The Pullman Company also established a major facility in Richmond in the early 20th century[7]. The facility connected with both the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific and serviced their passenger coach equipment. The Pullman Company was a large employer of African American men, who worked mainly as porters on the Pullman cars.[8] Many of them settled in the East Bay, from Richmond to Oakland, prior to World War II. The streamlined Pullman observation-lounge car Coconino, coupled to a heavyweight sleeper painted in two-tone Pullman grey, brings up the rear of the Santa Fe Railways Chief at La Junta, Colorado on February 27, 1938. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... A porter is a railroad employee assigned to assist passengers aboard a passenger train or to handle their baggage; it may be used particularly to refer to employees assigned to assisting passengers in the sleeping cars. ...


In 2006 the city celebrated its centennial. This coincided with the repaving and streetscaping project of Macdonald Avenue. The city's old rundown commercial district along Macdonald has been designated the city's "Main Street District" by the state of California. This has led to funding of improvements in the form of state grants.[9]


Geography

Richmond is located at 37°56′13″N, 122°20′31″W (37.936874, -122.342057).GR1 Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) US Coast Guard carbon dioxide bell striker File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (600 × 800 pixel, file size: 69 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) US Coast Guard carbon dioxide bell striker File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Red Rock is visible adjacent to the bridge in this photograph taken from an airplane (Daniel McCirmick, 2006) Aerial photograph of Red Rock Island Deserted Coast Guard fog bell on southern point of island Red Rock Island is an uninhabited island in the San Francisco Bay located just south of...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.6 square miles (136.2 km²). 30.0 square miles (77.7 km²) of it is land and 22.6 square miles (58.5 km²) of it (42.98%) is water. The city sits on 32 miles (51 km) of waterfront, more than any other city in the Bay Area.[10] The city borders San Francisco Bay to the southwest and San Pablo Bay to the northwest, and includes Brooks Island and the Brother Islands entirely, and half of Red Rock Island. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... San Pablo Bay is a shallow tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... For other uses, see Bird Island. ... The Brothers (East and West Brother Island) lie roughly 1,000 feet off Point San Pablo in San Francisco Bay near Richmond, California. ... Red Rock is visible adjacent to the bridge in this photograph taken from an airplane (Daniel McCirmick, 2006) Aerial photograph of Red Rock Island Deserted Coast Guard fog bell on southern point of island Red Rock Island is an uninhabited island in the San Francisco Bay located just south of...


There are several cities and unincorporated communities surrounding or bordering Richmond. To the south is the city of Albany which is in Alameda County and the city of El Cerrito. The cities and unincorporated areas of, East Richmond Heights, Rollingwood and, El Sobrante lie to the East. North Richmond to the west and San Pablo to the east are almost entirely surrounded by Richmond's city limits. To the north, Richmond borders the city of Pinole and the unincorporated areas of Bayview-Montalvin, and Tara Hills. Richmond borders Alameda, San Francisco, and Marin counties in the Bay and Red Rock Island. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with unincorporated. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Official website: http://www. ... El Cerrito, California may refer to: El Cerrito, Contra Costa County, California (The City of El Cerrito. ... East Richmond Heights is an unincorporated community (or census-designated place) in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Rollingwood is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... El Sobrante is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... North Richmond also called Narf is an unincorporated area adjacent to Richmond, California. ... San Pablo is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... City limits refers to the defined limits of a citys area. ... Pinole is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Bayview-Montalvin is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Tara Hills is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Official website: http://www. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... Marin County (pronounced mah-RIN) is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ...


The city is within the 94801, 94803, 94804, 94805, and 94806 ZIP Codes.[11] Mr. ...


Climate

Annual rainfall and tempatures[12]
Month Rainfall in. (cm.) Mean High Temp. Mean Low Temp.
January 4.91 (124.7) 57°F (14°C) 43°F (6°C)
February 4.41 (112.0) 61°F (16°C) 45°F (7°C)
March 3.52 (89.4) 63°F (17°C) 47°F (8°C)
April 1.35 (34.3) 66°F (17°C) 48°F (9°C)
May 0.54 (13.7) 68°F (20°C) 51°F (11°C)
June 0.17 (4.3) 71°F (22°C) 54°F (12°C)
July 0.07 (1.8) 70°F (21°C) 55°F (13°C)
August 0.09 (2.3) 71°F (22°C) 56°F (13°C)
September 0.27 (6.9) 73°F (23°C) 56°F (13°C)
October 1.25 (31.8) 72°F (22°C) 56°F (13°C)
November 3.47 (88.1) 64°F (18°C) 48°F (9°C)
December 3.30 (83.8) 57°F (14°C) 43°F (6°C)

Richmond, like much of the coastal East Bay, enjoys a very mild Mediterranean climate year round. The climate is slightly warmer than the coastal areas of San Francisco, the Peninsula, and Marin County; it is however more temperate than areas further inland. The average highs range from 57°F (14°C) to 73°F (23°C) and the lows between 43°F (6°C) to 56°F (13°C) year round.[12] Richmond usually enjoys an "Indian summer", and September is, on average, the warmest month. January is on average the coldest month. A satellite image of the East Bay The East Bay is a subregion of the San Francisco Bay Area, California, United States and is comprised of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. ... A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... USGS Satellite photo of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... An Indian summer day Indian summer is a name given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn, not long before winter. ...


The highest recorded temperature in Richmond was 107°F/41.6°C in September 1971 while the coldest was 24°F/-4.4°C in January 1990.[12]


The rainy season begins in late October and ends in April with some showers in May. Most of the rain occurs during stronger storms which occur between November and March and drop 3.3 to 4.91 inches of rain per month. January and February are the rainiest months.[12]


Like most of the Bay Area, Richmond is made up of several microclimates. Southern parts of the city and the ridges receive more fog than northern areas. Summer temperatures are higher in inland areas, where the moderating influence of San Francisco Bay is lessened. The average wind speed is 6 to 9 miles per hour with stronger winds from March through August; the strongest winds are in June.[10] The city also enjoys more than 80% sunshine 7 months out of the year and 10 with 60% or more. December and January are the darkest months with about 45% average brightness.[10] The city experiences virtually no snowfall, and brief hail annually. The city is very humid in the morning with the lowest humidity being in the high 70% range. This may be due to San Francisco Bay's notorious fog and also the fact that a majority of Richmond lies on a flat coastal plain predominantly consisting of reclaimed tidal marshes, inter-tidal flats, and seep[13]. Morning humidity is 75% to 92% year round; afternoon humidity is more variable. This percentage is in the high 20s to mid 30s (%) May through October (the summer months) and climbs or descends through 40% to 70% during the winter.[10] Tree ferns thrive in a protected dell at Heligan Gardens, in Cornwall, England, latitude 50° 15N A microclimate is a local atmospheric zone where the climate differs from the surrounding area. ... Golden Gate Bridge in Fog Evening fog obscures Londons Tower Bridge from passers by. ... A seep is a wet place, where a liquid, usually water, has oozed from the ground to the surface. ...


Environment

Endangered California Clapper Rails live in Wildcat and San Pablo Marshes.
Endangered California Clapper Rails live in Wildcat and San Pablo Marshes.

Richmond is home to many species of animals. Canada Geese visit the city on their annual migrations. Harbor Seals live in the Castro Rocks and pigeons and gulls populate the sidewalks and parking lots. Tadpoles and frogs can be found in the local creeks and vernal pools. Field mice and lizards are also found. Herons and egrets nest in protected areas on Brooks Island. Deer, falcons, raccoons, ducks, foxes, owls, and mountain lions live in Wildcat Canyon and Point Pinole Regional Shoreline. Image File history File links Raildumbartrazorback. ... Image File history File links Raildumbartrazorback. ... Binomial name Branta canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) Canada Goose distribution, including introduced and feral populations Yellow: summer Blue: winter Green: year-round Subspecies Dusky Canada Goose Vancouver Canada Goose Lesser Canada Goose Moffitts Canada Goose Giant Canada Goose Interior Canada Goose Atlantic Canada Goose The Canada Goose (Branta canadensis) belongs... Binomial name Phoca vitulina Linnaeus, 1758 The Harbor Seal or Common seal (Phoca vitulina) is a true seal of the Northern Hemisphere. ... Pigeon redirects here. ... Look up gull in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Distribution of frogs (in black) Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia - List of Anuran families The frogness babe is an amphibian in the order Anura (meaning tail-less from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin saltare, to jump). ... Field mouse may refer to: in North America, a small vole such as the Meadow Vole in Europe, Asia and north Africa, one of several species of mice in genus Apodemus in South America, one of several species of mice in genus Akodon This is a disambiguation page — a... Families Many, see text. ... Genera See text. ... Genera Egretta Ardea An egret is any of several herons, most of which are white or buff, and several of which develop fine plumes during the breeding season. ... Fawn and Stag redirect here. ... “Tiercel” redirects here. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Common Raccoon. ... Subfamilies Dendrocygninae Oxyurinae Anatinae Aythyinae Merginae Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Families Strigidae Tytonidae Ogygoptyngidae (fossil) Palaeoglaucidae (fossil) Protostrigidae (fossil) Sophiornithidae (fossil) Synonyms Strigidae sensu Sibley & Ahlquist Owls are a group of birds of prey. ... Binomial name Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) The puma (Puma concolor) is a type of large cat found in North, Central and South America. ... The Point Pinole Regional Shoreline is a regional park on the shores of the San Pablo Bay, California (the northern arm of the San Francisco Bay). ...


A license is needed for fishing on the waterfront or city waters but not on the piers, where in addition to crabs, sturgeon are plentiful and manta rays may also be found. Striped Bass, Bat Rays, Leopard Sharks, surf perch, jacksmelt, sturgeon, kingfish, and flounders are also found.[14] Richmond is one of the few places where you can find the rare Olympia Oyster on the west coast, in the polluted waters along the refinery's shoreline. Rainbow Trout have recently returned to San Pablo and Wildcat creeks.[15] Superfamilies Dromiacea Homolodromioidea Dromioidea Homoloidea Eubrachyura Raninoidea Cyclodorippoidea Dorippoidea Calappoidea Leucosioidea Majoidea Hymenosomatoidea Parthenopoidea Retroplumoidea Cancroidea Portunoidea Bythograeoidea Xanthoidea Bellioidea Potamoidea Pseudothelphusoidea Gecarcinucoidea Cryptochiroidea Pinnotheroidea * Ocypodoidea * Grapsoidea * An asterisk (*) marks the crabs included in the clade Thoracotremata. ... Sturgeon is a term for a genus of fish (Acipenser) of which 26 species are known. ... Binomial name Morone saxatilis (Walbaum, 1792) The striped bass Morone saxatilis is a member of the temperate bass family native to North America but widely introduced elsewhere. ... Binomial name Myliobatis californica (Gill, 1865)[1] The bat ray (Myliobatis californica) is a euryhaline eagle ray found in muddy or sandy sloughs, estuaries and bays, kelp beds and rocky-bottomed shoreline in the eastern Pacific Ocean, between the Oregon coast and the Gulf of California. ... Binomial name Triakis semifasciata Girard, 1855 The leopard shark, Triakis semifasciata, is a hound shark found in the coastal waters of the eastern Pacific Ocean, along the coast of North America from Oregon to Baja California. ... Species P. flavescens (Yellow perch) P. fluviatilis (European perch) P. schrenkii (Balkhash perch) For other meanings of the word perch, including fish not in the Perca genus, see Perch (disambiguation). ... Sturgeon is a term for a genus of fish (Acipenser) of which 26 species are known. ... Kingfish is used as the vernacular name of a variety of fish: King mackerel Scomberomorus cavalla (several) Kingcroakers Menticirrhus spp. ... Flounder or flukes are flatfish that live in ocean waters ie. ... Binomial name Ostreola conchaphila The Olympia oyster (Ostreola conchaphila) is the native oyster of the Pacific coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico. ... It has been suggested that Steelhead be merged into this article or section. ...


Red-tailed Hawks patrol the skies. Monarch Butterflies migrate through the city on their journey between Mexico and Canada. Wildcat Marsh has two ponds where Canada Geese often rest, and is also the home of the endangered Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse and California Clapper Rail. Another endangered species in the city is the Santa Cruz Tarweed which survives alongside Interstate 80. Wildcat Canyon also hosts falcons and vultures. Threatened Black Rails also live in the city's marshes.[16] Binomial name Buteo jamaicensis (Gmelin, 1788) The Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis) is a large bird of prey which breeds from western Alaska and northern Canada to Panama and the West Indies. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) is a well-known North American butterfly. ... Binomial name Reithrodontomys raviventris Dixon, 1908 The Salt Marsh Harvest Mouse (Reithrodontomys raviventris), also known as the Red-bellied Harvest Mouse, is an endangered rodent endemic to the San Francisco Bay Area salt marshes in California. ... Trinomial name Rallus longirostris obsoletus Ridgway, 1874 The California Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris obsoletus) is an endangered subspecies of the Clapper Rail (. It is found principally in Californias San Francisco Bay, and also in Monterey Bay and Morro Bay. ... The Santa Cruz Tarweed is an endangered plant endemic to certain coastal terraces in Northern California. ...


After a baby Grey Whale was beached on the Point Richmond shore in May 2007, its rotting corpse became bothersome to neighbors. It took a while to remove it since various agencies argued over whom would have to pay for it.[17][18][19][20] Binomial name Eschrichtius robustus Lilljeborg, 1861 Gray Whale range The Gray Whale (Eschrichtius robustus) is a whale which travels between feeding and breeding grounds yearly. ...


Richmond is also home to one of the last pristine moist grassland habitats in the entire Bay Area at the former Campus Bay UC Berkeley Field Station near Meeker Slough.[21] Campus Bay the area between the bay and the Richmond Annex and Point Isabel neighborhoods in the city of Richmond, California. ... The University of California, Berkeley (also known as Cal, UC Berkeley, UCB, or simply Berkeley) is a prestigious, public, coeducational university situated in the foothills of Berkeley, California to the east of San Francisco Bay, overlooking the Golden Gate and its bridge. ... Meeker Slough is a slough in Richmond, California formed by a creek of the same name and drains into the Richmond Inner Harbor, part of San Francisco Bay. ...


In 2006 the city was sued by an environmental group in 2006 for dumping raw sewage into the Bay. Councilmember Tom Butt was very vocal on the accusing the city council of truning a blind eye to the problem[22]. Sewage is the mainly liquid waste containing some solids produced by humans which typically consists of washing water, faeces, urine, laundry waste and other material which goes down drains and toilets from households and industry. ...


Mayor McLaughlin has set a goal of installing 5 megawatts of solar photovoltaic generation in Richmond.[23]


Disasters

Map showing the Hayward fault running through the eastern Richmond hills and the hilltop area through to San Pablo Bay

Richmond lies in the volatile California region that has a potential for devastating earthquakes. Many buildings were damaged in the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. There was also minor damage in the Richmond earthquake in 1995.[citation needed] The city has also had at least one minor tornado. The Chevron refinery often releases toxic gases and had many highly noted chemical leaks in the 1990s. The company has been fined thousands, sometimes hundreds of thousands of dollars. The chemicals most often released are chlorine and sulfur trioxide.[24] Many media reports often begin with the embarrassing opening line, "Richmond: A city better known for failing schools, gun violence, poverty, and 'environmental catastrophes' ..." on account of the city's industrial base and its chemical leaks, particularly those of Chevron. Hayward Fault Zone map, derived from USCGS 122-38 image. ... Hayward Fault Zone map, derived from USCGS 122-38 image. ...


In 1993 industrial accident, a General Chemical company rail tanker car containing oleum was overheated and exploded. This resulted in a 17-mile area contaminated with the poisonous gas, and led to 25,000 people landing in the hospital. The incident led to lawsuits, and has been referred to as a mini-bhopal.[25] Oleum refers to a solution of sulfur trioxide in sulfuric acid or sometimes more specifically to pyrosulfuric acid, disulfuric acid. ...


Demographics

Population
1905 2,150^
1910 6,802
1920 16,843
1930 20,093
1940 23,642
1950 99,545
1960 71,854
1970 79,043
1980 74,676
1990 87,425
2000 99,216
Present 103,464
2015 110,916
2030 128,016
Most recent estimate, 2006[26]
ABAG Projections[27]
^ Earliest info available[26]

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 99,216 people, 34,625 households, and 23,025 families in the city. The population density was 3,309.5/mi² (1,277.8/km²). There were 36,044 housing units at an average density of 1,202.3/mi² (464.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 21.36% white, 36.06% black or African American, 0.64% Native American, 12.29% Asian, 0.50% Pacific Islander, 13.86% from other races, and 5.27% from two or more races. 26.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ...


Of the 34,625 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 20.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.5% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.82 and the average family size was 3.44. For the record label, see Marriage Records. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 9.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $44,210, and the median income for a family was $46,659. Males had a median income of $37,389 versus $34,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,788. About 13.4% of families and 16.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over. Richmond has the 507th highest income in the state ahead of Isleton and behind Sun City. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ... Isleton is a city located in Sacramento County, California. ... Sun City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Riverside County, California, United States. ...


75.4% of inhabitants over the age of 25 were high school graduates, while 22.4% had bachelor's degrees, and 8.3% had a graduate or professional degree. 7.7% of the population was unemployed and those who were employed took, on average, 34.3 minutes to commute to their place of work.[10]


33.2% of the population aged 15 and over has never married, while 46.3% is currently wed. 11.1% have already divorced, 3.1% is currently separated, and 6.4% has been widowed.[10]


20.6% of the population was born outside the U.S., of which 15.4% were born in Latin America and 8.7% in Asia.[10]


During the day the population shrinks by 6.2% due to commuting while 23.3% of the population works within the city limits. 20.5% of the jobs in the city are in the educational, health, and social service fields, while 10.9% are professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste disposal, and 10.4% are in retail.[10]


7.0% of Richmonders are veterans of the U.S. Armed Forces compared with 10.9% nationally. 33.2% are foreign born while 12.4% are nationwide. 48.1% of men and 43.2% of women are married conversely 55.9 and 51% of Americans are respectively. Nearly half (46.7%) speak a language other than the English language at home. 65.3% are employed even with the national average. The average household income is US$52,794; $6,552 higher than the national average. The average family makes 57,931 dollars while the average American household makes 55,832 dollars. The per capita income is 22,326 compared with 25,035 federally.[28] The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The average home is appraised at $449,600, $282,100 higher than the U.S. average of $167,500. While this price is among the highest in the world, it is actually relatively affordable by Bay Area standards. Richmond's location, which puts downtown San Francisco within a 50-minute BART ride or a 30- to 80-minute drive, makes the city appealing to commuters.[28]


Economy

Largest employers in Richmond[26]
Rank Name Industry
1. Chevron Petrochemical
2. Kaiser Permanente Medicine
3. Berlex, Inc. Pharmaceutical
4. Costco Wholesale Wholesale retail
5. Macy's Retail
6. California Autism Foundation Advocacy
7. Palecek Imports Manufacturing
8. Veriflo Division Manufacturing
9. The Home Depot Retail
10. Dicon Fiberoptics, Inc Manufacturing

Many industries have been and are still sited in Richmond. It had a dynamite and gunpowder works (the Giant Powder Company, closed in 1960, now the site of Point Pinole Regional Shoreline), the last active whaling station in the country at Point Molate (closed in 1971), and one of the world's largest wineries (Winehaven), closed by Prohibition in 1919. Chevron may refer to: Chevron, a V-shaped pattern seen in military or police insigna, heraldry, flag design, and architectural frets Chevron, a series of bones on the underside of the tail of reptiles Chevron Corporation, a petrochemical company Chevron Cars, an advertising campaign of the Chevron Corporation including stylized... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated health maintenance organization (HMO), based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... // Introduction Berlex Laboratories, Incorporated is a research-based pharmaceutical company headquartered in Montville, New Jersey with operations in Wayne, New Jersey; Bothell, Washington; Seattle, Washington; and Richmond, California. ... Costco Wholesale Corporation (NASDAQ: COST) is a membership warehouse club chain, headquartered in Issaquah, Washington with its flagship Warehouse #1 in nearby Seattle. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD), headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, is a big-box home improvement retailer that aims for both the do-it-yourself consumer and the professional in home improvement and construction. ... Dynamite is an explosive based on the explosive potential of nitroglycerin, initially using diatomaceous earth (kieselguhr) as an adsorbent. ... Smokeless powder Gunpowder is a pyrotechnic composition, an explosive mixture that burns rapidly, producing volumes of hot gas which can be used as a propellant in firearms and fireworks. ... The Point Pinole Regional Shoreline is a regional park on the shores of the San Pablo Bay, California (the northern arm of the San Francisco Bay). ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... A winery is a facility where fruit, usually grapes, is processed into wine. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ...


During World War II, Richmond developed rapidly as a heavy industrial town, chiefly devoted to shipbuilding. Its major activity now is as a seaport, with 26 million tons of goods shipped through Port Richmond in 1993, mostly oil and petroleum products. Chevron USA has a major oil refinery in the city, with a storage capacity of 15 million barrels (2,400 m³). The Social Security Administration employs over 1,000 at its regional office and program service center in Downtown Richmond. Kaiser Permanente's Richmond Medical Center hospital in the Downtown Richmond is one of the largest employers in the city. Galaxy Desserts is run and operated in the city. Treeskunk Productions a video game animation studio is based in the town. Bay View recording studios are located in the city, and have worked with artists such as Smash Mouth. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port Richmond. ... Chevron Corporation (NYSE: CVX) is one of the worlds largest global energy companies. ... View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... The barrel is the name of several units of volume: Oil barrel: 42 U.S. gallons, 158. ... The United States Social Security Administration (or SSA[1]) is an independent agency of the United States government established by a law currently codified at 42 U.S.C. Â§ 901. ... Kaiser Permanente is an integrated health maintenance organization (HMO), based in Oakland, California, founded in 1945 by industrialist Henry J. Kaiser and physician Sidney R. Garfield. ... Richmond Medical Center is a large Kaiser Permanente hospital in Downtown, Richmond, California. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Shopping

The Hilltop Area includes Hilltop Mall, which features a Sears, J.C. Penney, Macy's and Wal-Mart in addition to Hilltop Auto Mall and a movie multiplex with 16 theaters in the Hilltop Plaza shopping center. The 23rd Street corridor has evolved into a predominantly Latino neighborhood over the last twenty years as have the storefronts.[citation needed] In the downtown area, Richmond Shopping Center was built as part of the city's "main street" revitalization efforts. It is anchored by a Foods Co. supermarket and a Walgreen's pharmacy. The Macdonald 80 Shopping Center is a commercial plot along the trunk route of Macdonald Avenue which has been designated the city's main street under the aforementioned program. It was once anchored by the now-defunct Montgomery Wards and a Toys'R'Us. Construction is currently underway of a Target store in the location as an anchor for a new shopping center.[29] "Big-box" stores already in the city include Costco in the Point Isabel area and a Home Depot which is partially in Richmond and partially in El Cerrito. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Richmond Medical Center is a large Kaiser Permanente hospital in Downtown, Richmond, California. ... Downtown Richmond is the old center of Richmond, California. ... Hilltop Mall Shopping Center is a mall in the Hilltop neighborhood of Richmond, California, in the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ... This article is about the department store chain. ... Macys is a chain of moderate to upscale American department stores with its flagship store in Herald Square, New York City, which has been billed as the worlds largest store since completion of the Seventh Avenue addition in 1924. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Food 4 Less is a national Price-Impact Warehouse grocery chain, currently owned by Kroger. ... Walgreens (NYSE: WAG) is a convenience store and pharmacy chain in the United States that operates approximately 5,000 stores throughout the US and Puerto Rico. ... Map of planned new center The MacDonald 80 Shopping Center is a medium sized defunct shopping center in the Central Richmond Richmond, California undergoing redevelopment. ... This article is about the United States retail company. ... Costco Wholesale Corporation (NASDAQ: COST) is the largest membership warehouse club chain in the world based on sales volume, headquartered in Issaquah, Washington, United States,[1] with its flagship warehouse in nearby Seattle. ... Point Isabel is a small promontory on the eastshore of San Francisco Bay in Richmond. ... The Home Depot (NYSE: HD) is an American retailer of home improvement and construction products. ...


Construction boom

The former Richmond Shipyards were transformed starting in the late 1980s into a multiunit residential area, Marina Bay. Starting in the early 2000s, the city began an aggressive redevelopment effort spurring exurban tract housing, condominiums, townhomes, a transit village, and terraced hillside subdivisions. Since 1996, new homes have increased in price by 32%,[10] and there has been a 65.6% increase in the total amount of new dwellings built annually. The four Richmond Shipyards, located in the city of Richmond, California, United States, were part of the Kaiser Shipyards, and were responsible for constructing more ships during World War II than any other shipyard in the country. ...


Country Club vista is a development surrounding the Richmond Country Club to the south and north. It includes suburban style tract houses with cul-de-sac courts and small yards. Seacliff, at Point Richmond, is a development of luxury waterfront homes built on a terraced hillside. San Marcos is a series of about ten condominium multistory buildings between Hilltop Mall and Country Club Vista. Richmond Transit Village has been constructed in the former west parking lot and an adjacent empty lot of the combined Richmond BART and Amtrak station. The development is part of the city's downtown revitalization efforts.


Casinos

Many casinos have been proposed for the West Contra Costa area. Point Molate would have a casino, resort, and a luxury shopping mall. Sugar Bowl Casino proposes a casino, steakhouse, and a buffet. Casino San Pablo has already been built in neighboring San Pablo, with 2,500 slots. The projects have been the subject of much civic debate supporters contend that the often cash-strapped government would get a major new source of revenue, while opponents air their concerns over the ramifications including an increase in already high crime rates, lowered property values, and worsening neighborhood quality of life. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...


Point Molate is currently slated to either become a housing and conference center or a casino resort shopping area, or even a large regional park if Mayor McLaughlin has her way.[30] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Politics

Richmond City Council group photograph (2005). From left: Jim Rodgers, Richard Griffin, María Viramontes, Gayle McLaughlin, Irma Anderson, Mindell Penn, Nathanial Bates, John Márquez, Tom Butt
City Councilmembers[31]
1 Gayle McLaughlin, (G) Mayor
2 María Viramontes, (D) Vice Mayor
3 Ludmyrna "Myrna" López, (D)
4 Nathanial Bates, (D)
5 Harpreet S. Sandhu, (D)
6 John E. Márquez, (D)
7 Tom Butt, (D)
8 Tony K. Thurmond, (D)
9 Jim Rogers, (D)

Richmond city government operates under a council-manager system with 9 members (including mayor and vice mayor) elected to alternating 4-year terms.[32] For the Richmond, British Columbis, Canada city council see, Richmond City Council (Richmond, British Columbia). ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x635, 81 KB) portrait of city council of the city of Richmond California fair use since official government photo and is then an official government agency thingy. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (900x635, 81 KB) portrait of city council of the city of Richmond California fair use since official government photo and is then an official government agency thingy. ... Gayle McLaughlin is member of the City Council of Richmond, California, and a social activist who has participated in movements for peace, social justice, civil rights, and environmental protection. ... now. ... López (right) with a local businessperson at a meet and greet, notice her campaign poster in the backround Ludmyrna Lopez also known as Myrna (1969-) is a Latina Democratic candidate for city council of the major California city of Richmond for the November 7, 2006 at large election. ... Nathanial Bates better known as Nat Bates is a former Democratic African American two-term mayor of Richmond, California from 1971 to 1972 and again from 1976-1977 and current city councilmember of Richmond, California. ... John E. Márquez is a city council member of the California city of Richmond. ... now. ... Tony K. Thurmond (Monterrey, California 1968-) is a African American Democratic Richmond, California city councilperson. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ...


Politically, the city is a Democratic stronghold. By the early 1990s, not a single Republican remained on the council. Most mayors have been African-American. Rosemary Corbin was the mayor throughout the 1990s and was an exception, as she is white. In the early 2000s Gayle McLaughlin was the first Green elected to the council, with the support of the Richmond Progressive Alliance (RPA), a coalition of liberal Democrats, progressive independents, and Greens. In November 2006, McLaughlin was elected mayor. The city council has four African Americans, four whites and two Latinos. Richmond has formerly been home to black culture and activist movements, most notably the Black Panther Party. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      Further information: Politics of the United States#Organization of American political parties The Democratic... The Republican Party is one of two major contemporary political parties in the United States of America, along with the Democratic Party. ... Gayle McLaughlin is member of the City Council of Richmond, California, and a social activist who has participated in movements for peace, social justice, civil rights, and environmental protection. ... The Black Panther Party (originally called the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense) was an African American organization founded to promote civil rights and self-defense with a mission of domination in the United States. ...


In the United States House of Representatives, the city is served by Congressman George Miller, for the state senate by Don Perata and state assembly member Loni Hancock, and at the county level by John Gioia, all Democrats. The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... George Miller (born May 17, 1945), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1975, representing the 7th District of California. ... Don Perata (born April 30, 1945) is a California Democratic politician, who is the current President Pro Tempore of the California State Senate. ... Loni Hancock served as mayor of Berkeley, California from 1986 to 1994, and is currently representing California State Assembly District 14. ...


In 2006 the city implemented a computer program that it had ordered from a German firm that provides the city with statistical interactive maps. These maps cover such areas as signage locations, streets, crime hot-spots, and zoning information.[33] In 2007 the city won a contest in which its previously substandard website was upgraded and improved to make it more modern and functional. The prize includes 2 years of free webmastering.[34]


There has recently been controversy regarding appointments of councilpersons Sandhu and Thurmond who where not elected at-large or where appointed to the ballot on a Yes/No basis.[35]


Recently Mayor McGlaughlin and Councilperson Butt have opposed Chevron's plans of modifications to the refinery that would increase pollution by using dirtier thicker, but cheaper crude oil.[36]


The city of Richmond has eight community centers which are located within city parks.[11] Many of the city's community centers where closed in the early 2000s following budget miscalcuations and financial difficulties. In the 2006 city elections many candidates ran on platforms promising to reopen these community centers, most of which had been closed due to budget cuts. That election also featured a city sales tax increase, Measure Q, which failed.


There are 53 voting precincts in Richmond. During the last regular election on November 7, 2006 21,575 of 37,605 (57.37%) registered voters cast their ballots.[37] The Richmond, California 2006 city election will decide the mayor, five councilmembers, and one measure submitted to the voters for the major California city of Richmond. ...


Great American Boycott

During the Great American Boycott of 2006 the predominantly Latino storefronts of the 23rd Street business district were all closed for the general strike and the usually bustling district became a one-day ghost town. Many Latinos from the area participated in large rallies on Oakland and San Francisco. Other protested locally, along 23rd Street in Richmond. One lane on 23rd Street was left open to allow traffic to pass. A flyer for the May 1st, 2006 Great American Boycott events in Los Angeles, California. ...


Government

Richmond is served by the Richmond Police Department and Richmond Fire Department. Dozens of parks are run by the Richmond Parks & Recreation Department. The Richmond Civic Center is currently undergoing a sysmic upgrade and renovations program. Some buildings are being refurbished while other will be replaced.[38]


The city has in recent years suffered from a high crime rate, so serious that the city council at one point requested a declaration of a state of emergency and asked for the intervention of the Contra Costa County Sheriff and the California Highway Patrol in order to ameliorate crime waves.[39] Murder, vehicle theft and larceny rates are all high, although they tend to be concentrated in certain areas such as as the Iron Triangle and areas surrounding adjacent unincorporated North Richmond, which is outside the jurisdiction of the Richmond Police Department. The California Highway Patrol (CHP) is a state agency that acts as the state police force of California. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... North Richmond also called Narf is an unincorporated area adjacent to Richmond, California. ...


In 2004, Richmond was statistically the second most dangerous city in California, surpassing Oakland and was named the 8th most dangerous city in the country.[40] However, those rankings have changed and Richmond is now the third most dangerous in California behind Compton and Oakland and 11th most dangerous nationally according to the Morgan Quitno rankings.[41] For every 100,000 people there were 38.3 murders, 50.4 rapes, 485.8 robberies, 512 assaults, 1110.7 burglaries, 3497.4 counts or larceny and 2471.4 thefts of vehicles.[10] Richmond had 40 murders in 2006; and the city experienced a record of 62 homicides in 1991.[42] Morgan Quitno Press is an independent research and publishing company based out of Lawrence, Kansas. ... In the United States, larceny is a common law crime involving stealing. ... Grand Theft Auto may refer to Motor vehicle theft, a crime in many jurisdictions Grand Theft Auto (film), a film directed by Ron Howard Grand Theft Auto (series), a computer and video game series Grand Theft Auto (video game), the first game in this series Category: ...


Current mayor Gayle McLaughlin is a member of the Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition,[43] an organization formed in 2006 and co-chaired by New York City mayor Michael Bloomberg and Boston mayor Thomas Menino. The city is also participating in the California Cities Gang Prevention Network.[44] Gangs are a serious problem for the police department as they cause violence and shootings. Many gangs graffiti their "tags" to mark their territory thus blighting the city with vandalism. A high ranking MS-13 (or mara salvatrucha) leader, José Santos Bonilla, was captured in the southwestern Annex neighborhood in 2006.[45] The Mayors Against Illegal Guns Coalition is a coalition of mayors from 40 different United States cities, united in their stated goal of making the public safer by getting illegal guns off the streets. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Michael Rubens Bloomberg (born 14 February 1942) is an American businessman, philanthropist, and the founder of Bloomberg L.P., currently serving as the Mayor of New York City. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... Thomas Michael Menino (born December 27, 1942) is the current mayor of Boston, Massachusetts, United States and the citys first Italian-American mayor. ... Mara Salvatrucha, MS-13, MS, In the early 1980s, a violent civil war began in El Salvador which would last more than 12 years. ... Richmond Annex or The Annex is a neighborhood in southwestern Richmond, California. ...


Richmond is also home to the West County Detention Center in the Point Pinole area. It is a male and female county prison. West County Detention Center is a large mens and womens county prison in Richmond, California. ...


RichmondWorks and Richmond Summer YouthWorks are city programs which aim to decrease unemployment and crime and have led to hundreds receiving employment at area retail businesses.[46]


Fires, medical emergencies and other disasters are handled by the Richmond Fire Department which has seven fire stations in the city.[11]


Education

Richmond's De Anza High School
Richmond's De Anza High School

The public schools in Richmond are administered by the West Contra Costa Unified School District, formerly the Richmond Unified School District. This district encompasses the cities, towns, CDPs, and unincorporated areas of Western Contra Costa County. These include: Richmond, San Pablo, El Cerrito, Kensington, Pinole, Hercules, Rodeo, North Richmond, El Sobrante, Crockett, Bayview-Montalvin, Rollingwood, East Richmond Heights, and Tara Hills. There are also many private schools, mostly Catholic schools under the authority of the Diocese of Oakland. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: fizbin Source: fizbins crappy camera I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 412 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Author: fizbin Source: fizbins crappy camera I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The West Contra Costa Unified School District (WCCUSD) is the district for western Contra Costa County. ... The episcopal heraldic achievement of Allen Vigneron, the third Bishop of Oakland The Roman Catholic Diocese of Oakland (Latin: Dioecesis Quercopolitana) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Northern California. ...


The city hosts eight high schools: De Anza High School (named after explorer Juan Bautista de Anza), Salesian High School, Richmond High School , and Kennedy High School. There are also three middle schools, sixteen elementary schools, and seven elementary-middle schools. Richmond also hosts three adult education schools. De Anza High School is a secondary school located at 5000 Valley View Road in Richmond, California, named after Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza. ... Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Bautista de Anza Bezerra Nieto (July 1736 - December 19, 1788) was a Novo-Spanish explorer for the Spanish Empire. ... Salesian High School is a private, co-ed (formerly all boys) Catholic high school in inner-city Richmond, California, on the San Pablo border. ... Richmond High School is a public high school located in Richmond, California, USA. It is part of the West Contra Costa Unified School District. ... John F. Kennedy High is a secondary school located in Richmond, California. ...


The Contra Costa Community College District serves all of Contra Costa County, and Richmonders who decide to attend a community college typically go to Contra Costa College, located in the neighboring city of San Pablo. The Contra Costa Community College District is an association of publicly supported colleges in California, including Diablo Valley College, Los Medanos College, and Contra Costa College. ... Contra Costa College, in San Pablo, California, is the west campus of the Contra Costa Community College District. ...


79.8% of Richmonders have a high school diploma or equivalent compared with 84.2% nationally, however 27.1% have a bachelor's degree compared with a statistically negligible differently 27.2% countrywide.[28]


All Richmond schools have banned, junk food, such as candy, soda, twinkies, pizza, and other like items in attempt to curb childhood obesity and change children's eating habits. It has been speculated that this was done preemptively since some believe the state will soon mandate such restrictions.[47]


Since the implementation of an exit exam requirement for California high schools, the CAHSEE, Richmond high school students have been protesting the requirement. In 2007, over 28% of Richmond High School students has passed the CAHSEE, a prerequisite for graduating.[48] The California High School Exit Exam (CAHSEE) is a requirement for high school graduation in the state of California, created by the California Department of Education to improve the academic performance of California high school students, and especially of high school graduates, in the areas of reading, writing, and mathematics...


Many students were angered with the new CAHSEE requirement. They sued the district in the pursuit of eliminating the requirement. In July 2007 a compromise was reached in which the district would provide 2 additional years of educational assistance for the purposes of passing the exam.


Attractions and landmarks

Point Richmond, which is in effect a town within Richmond is known for its small-town charm and its quaint shops. The Point, as it is known by locals, offers owner-operated stores, coffee shops, and historic benches and streetlights. This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ...


The Masquers Playhouse is a performing arts center that offers shows and productions year round. Hotel Mac is one of the oldest buildings in the area and has classic early 1900s architecture, like many other buildings in the area. There is also The Plunge, a natatorium which had been closed due to seismic safety issues. The city expressed a desire to demolish the building at one point, however this was halted by the actions of a neighborhood opposition and a fundraising campaign which continues its mission to "Save the Plunge!". The Masquers Playhouse is a San Francisco Bay Area landmark. ... For the Lithuanian city see, PlungÄ—. Image:OldPlunge. ...

The Red Oak Victory at Ferry Point in Brickyard Cove, 2006
The Red Oak Victory at Ferry Point in Brickyard Cove, 2006

The Ferry Point Tunnel is one of the oldest tunnels in California. Built in 1899, this structure still gives access to many attractions and neighborhoods in Brickyard Cove. The tunnel goes to the Golden State Railroad Museum, the USS Red Oak Victory, and many beaches and parks, and to Ferry Point where an abandoned ferry-rail pier still stands with a historic ferry slip still standing, though somewhat damaged from a fire. It can be viewed from a parallel adjacent fishing pier. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... SS Red Oak Victory (AK-235) is a World War II Victory ship which has been preserved as a museum ship in Richmond, California. ...


The USS Red Oak Victory (AK-235) is a restored World War II Victory ship, the 558th ship made in Richmond. Liberty and Victory ships transported troops and supplies during World War II. now. ... The Victory ship was a type of cargo ship produced in large numbers by North American shipyards during World War II to replace losses caused by German submarines. ... The Liberty ships were cargo ships built in the United States during World War II. They were cheap and quick to build, and came to symbolize U.S. wartime industrial output. ...


During World War II the city sprawled and the population of the city increased dramatically. This led city leaders to construct the Richmond Civic Center in 1957. This center houses the city hall, a small convention center, library, hall of justice, police headquarters, and arts center. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


The Richmond Public Library, the only public library independent of the Contra Costa County Public Libraries system, lies in the heart of the civic center. It houses over 204,686 books, 4,014 audio materials, 5,277 video materials, and 491 serial subscriptions.[10]


The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge extends 5.5 miles across San Pablo Bay. The bridge is the origin of the term rollercoaster span, due to its curves, bumps, and appearance which also have earned the bridge the nickname of The Rollercoaster Bridge. It was built in 1957, and connects Contra Costa County with Marin County. Automobiles are charged a $4 toll in the westbound (towards Marin) direction only. The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge is the northernmost of the east-west crossings of the San Francisco Bay in California, USA, connecting Richmond on the east to San Rafael on the west end. ... Marin County is a county located in Californias San Francisco Bay Area, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


The Golden State Railroad Museum is a complex series of miniature railroad exhibits in a museum in the Brickyard Cove area of Point Richmond. A visitor can operate trains of various eras, and there are miniature freight and passenger terminals, trestles, tunnels, and meticulously detailed town and city scenes, many of which are copied from real life scenes of the 1950s. The Golden State Railroad Museum is a operating model railroad exhibit located in Point Richmond within the bounds of Miller-Knox Regional Shoreline Park. ...


The Santa Fe Railroad Terminal operated as the western terminus for the railroad from the late 19th century to the late 20th century. It has now been transformed into a museum to exemplify the feel of the terminal in that era.


At the corner of Washington and Park avenues lies the Indian Statue. It was constructed in 1909 by the Women's Improvement group. [citation needed]

Point Richmond is one of the city's widely known and expensive neighborhoods; Chevron refinery and the marshlands in the background.
Point Richmond is one of the city's widely known and expensive neighborhoods; Chevron refinery and the marshlands in the background.

Keller Beach is one of the city's beaches, located at Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline, a park in Brickyard Cove. It offers picnicking, sunbathing, wading, and swimming. The beach is overlooked by vehicles exiting the Brickyard Cove drive, Ferry Point tunnel and houses on the steep cliffs above. The beach, as with most of the cove, offers spectacular panoramic bay views of the Oakland hills, bridges, the San Francisco skyline and the Golden Gate. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 727 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 660 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Point Richmond, Richmond, California, taken from atop nearby Nickols Knob, showing Chevron refinery in background across Interstate 580. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 727 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (800 × 660 pixel, file size: 175 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Point Richmond, Richmond, California, taken from atop nearby Nickols Knob, showing Chevron refinery in background across Interstate 580. ...


Point Molate Beach Park is a park on the western coast of Richmond along Western Drive. It was originally a Chinese shrimp camp in the 1870s.


Point San Pablo yacht harbor accommodates hundreds of private boats.


East Brother Light Station on East Brother Island (one of the Brother Islands) is host to an exclusive bed and breakfast. It is only accessible by private boat. Visitors come and stay for the day and picnic for free or they may pay for a room. The Brothers (East and West Brother Island) lie roughly 1,000 feet off Point San Pablo in San Francisco Bay near Richmond, California. ... Tourists of various nationalities chatting over breakfast at a B&B in Quebec City. ...

Rosie logo
Rosie logo

The Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is in Richmond, and commemorates women's shipbuilding and support for the war effort in the 1940s. Image File history File links Rosieriveterwecan. ... Image File history File links Rosieriveterwecan. ... Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is located in Richmond, California, near San Francisco, at the site of a former Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant. ...


The city also has an airfield in between Breuner Marsh and Point Pinole in the Parchester Village neighborhood.


Leisure and culture

Several regional parks administered by the East Bay Regional Park District lie within the city, including the Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline and the Point Pinole Regional Shoreline. They are linked by the San Francisco Bay Trail. Part of the former shipyard is now a marina. Regional park or sometimes Metropolitan park (Metro park) is a term used in the United States for an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, or other reason, and under the administration of a regional park board rather than the National Park Service, a state... The East Bay Regional Park District (EBRPD) is a public authority operating in Alameda County and Contra Costa County, California, within the East Bay area of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Park map Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline is a 295-acre park in the Point Richmond neighborhood of Richmond, California. ... The Point Pinole Regional Shoreline is a regional park on the shores of the San Pablo Bay, California (the northern arm of the San Francisco Bay). ... The San Francisco Bay Trail is a bicycle and pedestrian trail in the San Francisco Bay area that is intended eventually to be a continuous 400-mile network of trails that will encircle San Francisco Bay and San Pablo Bay. ...


The Richmond Art Center, founded by Hazel Salmi in 1936, is one of the oldest continually operating non-profit art centers on the entire West Coast of the United States. Its programming includes exhibitions, adult and youth education, and community initiatives. The Center currently (as of 2005) provides some of the only arts education programming in the Richmond City School District, relying primarily on public donations and private grants as its means of support.


There is also the East Bay Center for the Performing Arts, Hilltop Multiplex, or Masquers Theaters in Point Richmond.


The Richmond Progressive Alliance and Green Party are active political parties in Richmond. The House Rabbit Society has its national headquarters in Richmond. The Richmond Progressive Alliance (RPA) is a non-partisan liberal group in Richmond and San Pablo, western Contra Costa County, California, United States of America. ... In American politics, the Green Party is a third party which has been active in some areas since the 1980s, but first gained widespread public attention for Ralph Naders presidential runs in 1996 and 2000. ... An example of the HRS website at www. ...


Art

Richmond is home to the National Institute of Art and Disabilities Art Center, also known locally as the NIAD Art Center. NIAD is a non-profit organization hosting over sixty client artists weekly. NIAD's client artist's work can be seen at NIAD's on-site gallery, the Florence Ludins-Katz Gallery. NIAD has a gift shop.


The Hyphy subculture and sub genre of rap music originated in Richmond and surrounding cities.[49] Hyphy (pronounced HI-fee; IPA: ) is a style of music and dance primarily associated with the Bay Area hip hop culture. ...


Theity

There are dozens of gathering places for various religions in the city, and some which are not represented in the city can be found nearby. Christian denominational churches include the: Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses; Kingdom Land Baptist Church; Grace Baptist Church; Grace Lutheran Church; Temple Baptist Church; Unity Church of Richmond; Holy Trinity Episcopal Church; Holy Mission Christian Center; St. David Catholic Church. Furthermore there is a Muslim mosque (Muhammad Mosque); a Sikh gurdwara in El Sobrante; a Hindu temple in Vallejo; a Unitarian Universalist church in El Cerrito; a Roman Catholic cathedral in Oakland; a Jewish Synagogue (Temple Beth Hillel) in El Sobrante; and a Buddhist priory in Albany called the Berkeley Buddhist Priory. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A Hindu ( , Devanagari: हिन्दु), as per modern definition, is an adherent of the philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, and the religious, philosophical and cultural system that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... Temple of Hephaestus, an Doric Greek temple in Athens with the original entrance facing east, 449 BC (western face depicted) For other uses, see Temple (disambiguation). ... The flaming chalice is the universally recognized symbol for Unitarian Universalism. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


From 1996 to 2002 a "geekfest" was held on the beach in Point Molate every few weeks or monthly by S.P.A.M. Records. The festival was a community service for under 21s. Geekfest is the name of a series of free, all-ages concerts organized by California indie label S.P.A.M. Records during the 1990s. ...


Parks and recreation

Beach goers wading at Keller Beach in Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline in southern Richmond between Point Richmond and Brickyard Cove.
Beach goers wading at Keller Beach in Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline in southern Richmond between Point Richmond and Brickyard Cove.

A new national park, Rosie the Riveter World War II Home Front National Historical Park is now under construction in the former Kaiser shipyards and other wartime industrial and community sites in Richmond. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Park map Miller/Knox Regional Shoreline is a 295-acre park in the Point Richmond neighborhood of Richmond, California. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... Brickyard Cove is a upscale waterfront neighborhood in Richmond, California. ... Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is located in Richmond, California, near San Francisco. ...


Richmond was selected for the park because it has many intact buildings that were constructed for 56 wartime industries. Its four shipyards produced an amazing 747 large ships and set production records. The home front changed Richmond from a predominantly rural community of 23,600 residents to a diverse population of over 100,000 people within a year. Industries operated around the clock and public housing, schools, day care centers, health care and merchants mobilized to support the new workforce that arrived on the city's doorstep. Fortunately, Richmond's turbulent and productive home front years were well chronicled and photographed. A centerpiece memorial to the six million women who labored on the home front who are symbolized by Rosie the Riveter, on the Richmond waterfront and within the new national historical park. The National Park Service provides interpretive services at a variety of sites and operate a Visitor Center in the crane way of the Ford Assembly Building.


Richmond also has number of local parks and two large regional parks are under the authority of the East Bay Regional Parks District, a consortium of most of the Parks and Recreation lands and facilities of Alameda and Contra Costa County.


Wildcat Canyon Regional Park is the city's largest park at 2428 acres (983 ha). The park once housed a dance hall and roller rink and has distinctive stonework throughout, which was the rationale for its placement on the National Register of Historic Places.[50]It features San Pablo Creek, trails, forests, horseback riding, picnic areas, and a play structure for children, as well as horses for rent and mountain biking trails. High school students practice cross-country in the park. It is situated in the eastern Richmond hills and stretches into Berkeley's Tilden Regional Park in Alameda County. The park has diverse animal and plant life including great horned owls, oppussums, king snakes, rubber boas, turkey vultures and many others. Park Map Wildcat Canyon Regional Park, or simply Wildcat Canyon, is a 2,428 East Bay Regional Parks District park mostly in Richmond, California. ... An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ... Looking northeast from Inspiration Point in Tilden, March 2006 Tilden Regional Park (also known simply as Tilden) is a regional park in the East Bay, part of the San Francisco Bay Area in the U.S. state of California. ...


Point Isabel Regional Shoreline is the largest off-leash dog park in the United States.[51] Park map Point Isabel Regional Shoreline or just Point Isabel is a well known dog park in the Bay Area city of Richmond. ...


The Richmond Greenway is a project costing millions of dollars to transform an old rail line into a walking, jogging, and biking trail. It will span east to west from the end of the Ohlone Trail that follows the BART like from El Cerrito to Berkeley. It will also follow the BART line to Richmond station and continue to Point Richmond. Pedestrian bridges will be used to cross major avenues such as San Pablo Avenue and 23rd Street. An additional side project will add a bike lane/bike trail between the Richmond Greenway and the Ohlone trail at Potrero Avenue via 23rd Street, Carlson Boulevard, Cutting Boulevard, and Potrero. It is currently under construction. The Richmond Greenway is a project costing millions of dollars to transform an old rail line into a walking, jogging, and biking trail. ...


The city boasts 292.6 acres (118.4 ha) of parkland in addition to four marinas: the Brickyard Cove Yacht Club, Point San Pablo Yacht Club, Marina Bay Marina, and Channel Marina in the Santa Fe channel. An acre is the name of a unit of area in a number of different systems, including Imperial units and United States customary units. ... A hectare (symbol ha) is a unit of area, equal to 10 000 square metres, commonly used for measuring land area. ...


The city has annual Juneteenth and Cinco de Mayo celebrations in addition to a fireworks show at Marina Bay on the 4th of July. Juneteenth celebration in Austin, Texas on 19 June 1900 Juneteenth, also known as Freedom Day or Emancipation Day, is an annual holiday in fourteen states of the United States. ... A typical Cinco de Mayo Baile folklórico celebration in Gardena, California. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ...


Media

Front cover of the Richmond Post.

Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ...

Newspapers

There are four local newspapers: the Richmond Post, Fronteras (a Spanish-language newspaper)[citation needed], the Richmond Globe, and the West County Times, variation of the County Times. Richmond is also host to the West County Times one of several regional times newspapers for the East Bay. The Richmond Post is a newspaper in Richmond, California which features comics, world news, Bay Area news, city news, health, entertainment, and a faith section and also includes sale papers and advertisements. ... Fronteras is a municipality and municipal seat in the northeast of the Mexican state of Sonora. ... The Richmond Globe is a weekly newspaper in Richmond, California, published by The Globe Newspaper Group. ... The Contra Costa Times is a daily newspaper (circulation 106,000 daily, 113,00 Sunday) based in Walnut Creek, California. ...


Television

A local cable access TV station, KCRT-TV, mainly plays historical archives but also airs City Council Meetings and music videos. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Radio

KNEW (AM) transmits from towers at Point Isabel. KNEW, are the call letters of 910 AM in San Francisco, Oakland, and San Jose, CA, USA. KNEW is the newest of the Bay Areas conservative talk radio stations, and is the flagship station of syndicated talk host Michael Savage. ... Point Isabel may refer to: A park: Point Isabel Regional Shoreline a large dog park in Richmond, California. ...


Infrastructure

Port of Richmond

Main article: Port of Richmond, California

The Port of Richmond located in along the city's southern coast beside the Richmond Inner Harbor boasts the third largest volume of tonnage in the state of California annually; a total of 19 million short tons. It ranks number one for ports of the San Francisco Bay in vehicles and liquid bulk.[52] In addition to these the port can also handle dry-bulk, break-bulk, and containers. Seven of the terminals are city owned in addition to 5 dry-docks while there are 11 privately owned terminals from whence 90% of tonnage emerge. The port is served by a sophisticated rail network served by four major rail companies.[3] The port and its cranes can be seen in this image taken from the Berkeley Hills. ... South Richmond, also known as the Iron Triangle, is a neighborhood in Richmond, California. ...


Highways and expressways

I-580's Richmond-San Rafael Bridge
I-580's Richmond-San Rafael Bridge
  • Interstate 80 cuts through the eastern and northeastern portions of the city, through a mostly residential area, connecting to Pinole, Hercules and then on to Vallejo via the Carquinez Bridge in the eastbound direction, and through El Cerrito, Albany, Berkeley, Emeryville and eventually terminating in San Francisco via the Bay Bridge in the westbound direction. The weekday westbound morning commute on I-80 through Richmond lies within the most congested stretch of freeway in the Bay Area, according to Caltrans, and has been ranked as such since 2001.[53]
  • The Richmond Parkway, built in the between the early 1990s and early 2000s connects I-580 in the Point Richmond area in the southwest to the Hilltop Area and I-80, it runs along the city's heavily industrial western side and through unincorporated area of North Richmond. It has been proposed that it be upgraded to a state highway and be redesignated: California State Route 93 and transferred to the authority of Caltrans.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2266x1120, 1086 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Richmond, California Richmond-San Rafael Bridge Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2266x1120, 1086 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Richmond, California Richmond-San Rafael Bridge Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Interstate 80 (abbreviated I-80) is the second-longest Interstate Highway in the United States. ... Vallejo (pronounced IPA: in English; in the original Spanish) is a city in Solano County, California, United States. ... The Carquinez Bridge refers to parallel bridges which cross the Carquinez Strait linking Vallejo, California to the north, with Crockett, California to the south. ... El Cerrito, California may refer to: El Cerrito, Contra Costa County, California (The City of El Cerrito. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... Berkeley is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northern California, in the United States. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge ( ; known locally as the Bay Bridge) is a toll bridge which spans San Francisco Bay and links the California cities of Oakland and San Francisco in the United States, as part of Interstate 80. ... Caltrans logo The soaring ramps in the stack interchanges favored by Caltrans often provide stunning views. ... Interstate 580 (abbreviated I-580) in Northern California is a heavily traveled, fairly long spur route of Interstate 80 that connects the San Francisco Bay Area to Interstate 5 in the states Central Valley. ... The city of Albany highlighted within Alameda County Albany is a city in Alameda County, California, United States. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: , Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Founded 1776 Government  - Mayor Gavin Newsom Area  - City  47 sq mi (122 km²)  - Land  46. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ... The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge is the northernmost of the east-west crossings of the San Francisco Bay in California, USA, connecting Richmond on the east to San Rafael on the west end. ... San Pablo Bay is a shallow tidal estuary that forms the northern extension of San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... San Francisco Bay, San Pablo Bay, and the Golden Gate San Francisco Bay is a shallow, productive estuary through which water draining approximately forty percent of California, flowing in the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers from the Sierra Nevada mountains, enters the Pacific Ocean. ... San Rafael (IPA: ; originally IPA: ), is the county seat of Marin County, California, United States. ... Marin County (pronounced mah-RIN) is a county located in the North San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California, across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco. ... The Richmond Parkway is a freeway that traverses the South Shore of Staten Island, New York, USA from northwest to southeast. ... The Richmond Parkway marks the northern border of the neighborhood, while I-80 marks the eastern Hilltop is a neighborhood located in the northeastern area of Richmond, California. ... North Richmond also called Narf is an unincorporated area adjacent to Richmond, California. ... Below contains a list and summary of the entirely unconstructed California State Routes as outlined by the legislature in 1964. ... California State Highway 123 or San Pablo Avenue runs along the flats of the East Bay in California, from Oakland to Crockett, through: Emeryville, Berkeley, Albany, El Cerrito, Richmond, San Pablo, Pinole, Hercules, and Rodeo. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-580 ALA 0. ... Crockett is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... The city of Emeryville highlighted within Alameda County Emeryville is a small city located in Alameda County, California, in the United States. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Major trunk streets

  • Macdonald Avenue is the "mainstreet" of Richmond, running east-west from Point Richmond through downtown to San Pablo Avenue. It is nicknamed the Parade Street, 100 year street, and the Main street. The latter comes from the Richmond redevelopment agency's plan to deem this street the Main Street of town. It is currently being repaved and refitted with new lampposts and trees.
  • Cutting Boulevard parallels Macdonald Ave to the south, traveling from Point Richmond to Arlington Ave. near the top of the hills. It is a busy commercial and commute route. In 1990, a major improvement program was designed by the city also involving Knox Freeway.
  • 23rd Street runs through the heart of the city north-south from where it turns to Marina Bay Parkway at I-580 through this heavily Latino business district and neighborhood to San Pablo Avenue in the city of San Pablo.
  • Barrett Avenue parallels Macdonald Ave several blocks north; it is slightly less traveled and has less activity than Macdonald.
  • Marina Bay Parkway serves as a link between I-580 and the Marina Bay neighborhood, it turns into 23rd street after crossing 580.
  • Marina Way and Harbour Way/Harbour Way South run north-south.
  • Giant Highway, named for the former Giant Powder Company, runs in the northern part of town between San Pablo Avenue and the Leroy Heights neighborhood.
  • Hilltop Drive is a trunk street which runs from Richmond Parkway, crosses San Pablo Avenue, passes Hilltop Mall and continues over Interstate 80 into the neighboring city of El Sobrante.

Cutting Boulevard is a major east-west arterial trunk road in the city of Richmond, California it begins in the historic neighborhood of Point Richmond at the base of the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge and flows through the South Richmond forming the border with that neighborhood and Marina Bay as... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Public transportation

Rail

Amtrak provides intercity passenger rail service from Richmond Station, an intermodal connection shared with the BART system. The station is located downtown and has a transit center with connections to AC Transit and Golden Gate Transit buses as well as taxis. Acela Express in West Windsor, NJ Amtrak Cascades service with tilting Talgo trainsets in Seattle, Washington Amtrak train in downtown Orlando, Florida For other uses, see Amtrak (disambiguation). ... Amtrak Platforms Island Parking Monthly Reserved, Daily (free), Extended Weekend and Long Term (BART) limited to 24 Hours (Amtrak) Bicycle facilities Two Lockers Other information Opened January 29, 1973 Accessible Code RIC (Amtrak) The remodeled station entry as viewed from Nevin Way in the Metro Walk Richmond Transit Village under... A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... Golden Gate Transit is a public transportation system in the San Francisco Bay Area in California, United States. ...


There are two Amtrak lines serving this station. The regional San Joaquin Route runs from nearby Oakland to the south through Richmond and Martinez to the Central Valley through Stockton and Fresno, terminating in Bakersfield. Passengers continuing on to Los Angeles or other points in Southern California may transfer at Bakersfield for connecting Amtrak Thruway bus services. The San Joaquins is a passenger train route operated by Amtrak California in Californias Central Valley. ... Martinez is the name of several places in the United States of America: Martinez, California Martinez, Georgia Martinez, New Mexico Martinez, Texas Martinez, Connecticut Martinez is also surname of several people: Angie Martinez - Puerto Rican musician Conchita Martinez - Spanish tennis player Eduardo Cardinal Martínez Somalo - high official in the... The Central Valley of California Part of the Valley as seen from overhead A typical Central Valley scene at ground level The Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the central portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Nickname: Motto: Stocktons Great, Take A Look! Location in the state of California Coordinates: Country United States State California County San Joaquin County Incorporated 1850 Government  - Mayor Edward J. Chavez  - City Manager J. Gordon Palmer, Jr. ... Nickname: Location in the state of California County Fresno Government  - Mayor Alan Autry Area  - City 104. ... Nickname: Location of Bakersfield, California Coordinates: , Country United States State California County Kern County Founded 1869 Government  - Mayor Harvey Hall Area  - City  131 sq mi (339. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For the urban complex straddling the United States-Mexico border, see Bajalta California. ...


The second Amtrak line, the Capitol Corridor runs from San José to the state capitol, Sacramento, through Richmond, Fairfield, and Davis; some trains continue to the northern Sacramento suburb of Auburn. This route is the third most heavily used Amtrak line in the United States.[54] The Capitol Corridor is a 292-mile (470 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. ... City nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location within Santa Clara County, California Country   State     County United States   California     Santa Clara Mayor Ron Gonzales Area  - Land  - Water 178. ... Location of Sacramento in Sacramento County, California County Sacramento Government  - Mayor Heather Fargo Area  - City  99. ... Auburn is the county seat of Placer County, California, USA. The population was 12,462 at the 2000 census. ...


BART has one station in the city of Richmond, mentioned above, which serves as the northern terminus of the Richmond - Daly City and Richmond - Fremont lines. Two other stations are located near Richmond, El Cerrito del Norte and El Cerrito Plaza, both in El Cerrito. The Richmond BART station had over 1.7 million passengers in 1998 while the Amtrak station carried 238,893 in 2006. A westbound BART train with aerodynamic design A car in downtown San Francisco. ... The Richmond - Daly City Line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system in the San Francisco Bay Area consists of 19 metro stations from Richmond to Daly City. ... The Richmond - Fremont Line of the Bay Area Rapid Transit system in the San Francisco Bay Area of the United States consists of 18 metro stations from to Richmond to Fremont. ... El Cerrito del Norte is one of two BART stations in El Cerrito, CA, just east of the Cutting Boulevard interchange of Interstate 80. ... Commuters exiting station, walking past bicycle lockers El Cerrito Plaza is one of two elevated BART stations located in El Cerrito, California. ... Amtrak Platforms Island Parking Monthly Reserved, Daily (free), Extended Weekend and Long Term (BART) limited to 24 Hours (Amtrak) Bicycle facilities Two Lockers Other information Opened January 29, 1973 Accessible Code RIC (Amtrak) The remodeled station entry as viewed from Nevin Way in the Metro Walk Richmond Transit Village under...


Bus

AC Transit provides 14 bus lines in the city including local service throughout the city including BRT line 72R along San Pablo Avenue, "Transbay" commuter service across the Bay Bridge to the San Francisco Transbay Terminal and also owl "All-Nighter" service along the BART line. The lines are: 7, 52L, 70, 71, 72, 72M, 72R, 74, 76, 376, 800, H, L, LA BRT may mean: Be right there in Internet slang. ... San Francisco Transbay Terminal, or simply Transbay Terminal, is a transportation complex in San Francisco, California located roughly in the center of the rectangle bounded north-south by Mission Street and Howard Street, and east-west by Beale Street and Second Street. ... All-Nighter Logo, with black and yellow owl and moon crescent mascot. ...


In June 2007, after engaging with the community for feedback with public hearings, AC Transit implemented the West Contra Costa County Service Plan which realigned existing service finds to reroute portions of certain lines, eliminate service to areas with low ridership, and replace service in some areas with service from a different route providing direct service to areas previously requiring tedious transfers. Furthermore, a great effort was made to provide a better transfer at Richmond Station as well as the Richmond Parkway Transit Center. The changes are covered by Phase I and use no new monies which would be required to completely implement the plan: Phase II. Phase II will use Regional Measure J funds to expands service providing lines along corridors which are undeserved or not served, and increasing hours and decreasing headways. Two of the greatest changes will be extending BRT service to Richmond Parkway Transit Center and providing service along the Ohio Avenue corridor. These changes have effected the northern neighborhoods of the city and the adjacent communities of El Sobrante and San Pablo the most. Phase I was originally supposed to be implemented in late 2006, but the implementation has been delayed until June 2007. Phase II has a target date of mid-2008.[55][56][57][58]


Golden Gate Transit provides a service from San Rafael in Marin County across the Richmond-San Rafael Bridge to Richmond and El Cerrito del Norte BART stations with routes 40 and 42. The Richmond-San Rafael Bridge is the northernmost of the east-west crossings of the San Francisco Bay in California, USA, connecting Richmond on the east to San Rafael on the west end. ... The following rail stations are named Richmond: In the United States: Richmond Station (California), served by Bay Area Rapid Transit and Amtrak Main Street Station (Richmond) and Richmond Staples Mill Road (Amtrak station) in Virginia, both served by Amtrak Richmond, Indiana (Amtrak station), formerly served by Amtraks National Limited... Platforms 2 Side Parking Monthly Reserved Point, Daily (free), Extended Weekend, Midday (free), Long Term and Attendant Assisted Bicycle facilities 28 Lockers Other information Opened January 29, 1973 Accessible El Cerrito del Norte is one of two BART stations in El Cerrito, California, just east of the Cutting Boulevard interchange...


Vallejo Transit (line 80) and Fairfield/Suisun Transit (line 85) provide feeder services from Solano County, primarily Vallejo but also Fairfield, Vacaville and other cities to El Cerrito del Norte BART. Vallejo Transit is a bus and ferry service in Solano County, California. ... Fairfield/Suisun Transit is a public local bus agency for the Solano County, California city of Fairfield and the neighboring community of Suisun City, both in the North Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ...


WestCat provides similar feeder service from other West County cities like Pinole and Hercules. In addition to service in northern Richmond's Hilltop neighborhood. Lines running through Richmond are: 16, 17, 18, 19, 30Z, C³, J, JX, JPX[59] Contra Costa County is a suburban county in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... Pinole is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... Hercules is a city located in Contra Costa County, California. ... The Richmond Parkway marks the northern border of the neighborhood, while I-80 marks the eastern Hilltop is a neighborhood located in the northeastern area of Richmond, California. ...


Commercial and cargo rail

The Union Pacific Railroad (UP) has a mainline passing through Richmond. This line was formerly operated by the Southern Pacific Railroad (SP). The Union Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks UP) (NYSE: UNP), headquartered in Omaha, Nebraska, is the largest railroad network in the United States. ... The Southern Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting marks SP) was an American railroad. ...


The BNSF Railway (BNSF) has a yard and that serves as the Northern California terminus of their line that goes to their main classification yard at Barstow, CA via the San Joaquin Valley. The track was formerly operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (ATSF). Many years ago, the ATSF offered rail car ferry service from Point Richmond to San Francisco. The partially-burnt remnants of the ferry pier can still be seen at Point Richmond. The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... Chicago and North Western Railways Proviso Yard in Chicago, Illinois, December 1942. ... Barstow is a city located in San Bernardino County, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway (AAR reporting marks ATSF), often abbreviated as Santa Fe, was one of the largest railroads in the United States. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, etc. ...


The Richmond Pacific Railroad (RPRC) is a class III shortline railroad operating on 2.5 miles of track, providing switching services at Richmond's wharves. The RPRC is owned by the Levin-Richmond Terminal Corporation and was formerly known as the Parr Terminal Railroad (PRT). The Richmond Pacific Railroad (AAR reporting mark RPRC) is a terminal/switching railroad owned by the Levin-Richmond Terminal Corporation. ...


Ferry

Richmond had commuter ferry service from the Richmond Ferry Terminal to the San Francisco Ferry Building on weekdays and Fisherman's Wharf on weekends in addition to special Giant's Ballpark service during the baseball season. The voyage took approximately 45 minutes one-way. The service began in 1999, but was discontinued in the late 2000s in the economic downturn following the dot-com bust. Ferry ridership plummeted and the service became economically unsustainable, which led Red and White Fleet to discontinue the service. The Richmond ferry terminal is at Ford Point located adjacent to the historic Ford Plant in Marina Bay which is now open as an industrial park and under renovation. The terminal had its own dedicated AC Transit feeder service from Point Richmond and downtown Richmond with route 374 also now discontinued.[60][61][62]A new ferry service from Richmond is planned for 2008 by the San Francisco Bay Area Water Transit Authority. The new ferry will take only half an hour to San Francisco and will use the existing terminal and parking facilities at Ford Point.[63] Recently most of the city council except Tom Butt and Mayor McLaughlin have lost interest in the project instead supporting using the site for expanded Toyota vehicle importation parking which that company has expressed an interest in.[64] The Embarcaderos Ferry Building The Ferry Building is a terminal for ferries that travel across the San Francisco Bay and a shopping center located on The Embarcadero in San Francisco, California. ... Fishermans Wharf sign Fishermans Wharf is a neighborhood in San Francisco, California, U.S. It is mainly a tourist attraction, known for being the location of Pier 39, San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, Ghirardelli Square, Ripleys Believe it or Not, ferry rides to Alcatraz and restaurants... Major league affiliations National League (1883–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers NY, NY, 3, 4, 11, 24, 27, 30, 36, 42, 44 Name San Francisco Giants (1958–present) New York Giants (1885–1957) New York Gothams (1883–1885) Other nicknames Jints, Gigantes, G-Men Ballpark AT... AT&T Park (formerly known as SBC Park and Pacific Bell Park) is an open-air baseball stadium, home to the San Francisco Giants of the National League. ... Major League Baseball (MLB) is the highest level of play in professional baseball in North America. ... The Ford Richmond Plant, formally the Ford Motor Company Assembly Plant, in Richmond, California, was the largest assembly plant to be built on the West Coast[2] and its conversion to wartime production during World War II aided the United States war effort. ... Link title Headline text Link title: Marina Bay, is located in Richmond, Californias protected Inner Harbor, is was developed in the mid 1980s as a city effort to clean up, what had been up to that point the defunct WWII-era Kaiser Shipyards. ... AC Transit (in full, Alameda-Contra Costa Transit District) is a regional bus agency serving parts of Alameda County and Contra Costa County in the western coastal area of the East Bay of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Downtown Richmond is the old center of Richmond, California. ... San Francisco Bay Water Transit Authority (WTA) is a government entity created by the California state legislature in 1999. ...


Pedestrian and bike lanes

The city has agressively developed its portions of the San Francisco Bay Trail and has more than any other city at present. The total is 17 miles[65] and more is to be built. The city is also currently developing the Richmond Greenway a rails to trails project running parrallel to MacDonald Avenue which will feed into the Ohlone Trail which serves as feeder service for the El Cerrito del Norte BART station. There is also the Hercules Bikeway connecting the Ohlone Trail with Hercules whichs runs along the neighborhoods of East Richmond, and El Sobrante. There is a trail under construction along Wildcat Creek to connect the Bay Trail and Wildcat Marsh with Wildcat Canyon Regional Park. The city also has many miles of trails in that park in addition to Miller/Knox, Point Isabel, and Point Pinole parks amoung others. The former railroad grade now forms part of the Tiburon section of the San Francisco Bay Trail, used by hikers and cyclists. ... The Richmond Greenway is a project costing millions of dollars to transform an old rail line into a walking, jogging, and biking trail. ... Railbanking is the practice of preserving railroad rights-of-way by using them as multi-use trails. ... MacDonald Avenue is the main east to west artery in the the Oakland suburb of Richmond. ... Platforms 2 Side Parking Monthly Reserved Point, Daily (free), Extended Weekend, Midday (free), Long Term and Attendant Assisted Bicycle facilities 28 Lockers Other information Opened January 29, 1973 Accessible El Cerrito del Norte is one of two BART stations in El Cerrito, California, just east of the Cutting Boulevard interchange... Wildcat Creek is a creek over 10 miles long between the urban areas of Richmond and Berkeley, California. ... Wildcat Marsh is the wetlands delta formed by the mouth of Wildcat Creek at its confluence with Castro Creek in Richmond, California. ... Park Map Wildcat Canyon Regional Park, or simply Wildcat Canyon, is a 2,428 East Bay Regional Parks District park mostly in Richmond, California. ...

Municipal services

Richmond's waste disposal and recycling is handled by the Richmond Sanitary Service. Water is provided by the East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD), while sewers are operated by the city government. The city's electricity and gas is provided by the Pacific Gas & Electric Company (PG&E). The East Bay Municipal Utility District (EBMUD) provides water and sewage treatment for customers in Alameda County and portions of Contra Costa County in California, on the eastern side of San Francisco Bay. ... Pacific Gas and Electric Company (PG&E) is the utility that provides power to most of Northern California. ...


Notable citizens

Athletics

Brian Abshire is an Olympic track & field athlete from Richmond, California, (1988 Olympian) in the 3000 meter steeplechase [1] ^ Regional News, California Track and Running News Categories: | | | | ... The Mens 3. ... Courtney Anderson (born November 19, 1980 in Greenville, Texas) is an American football player who currently plays tight end for the Oakland Raiders. ... Ken Carter is an American business owner, education activist and former high school basketball coach. ... Richmond High School can refer to one of these schools: Richmond High School in Richmond, California Richmond Community High School in Richmond, Virginia This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Coach Carter is a 2005 film, directed by Thomas Carter. ... Dave Smith (born January 21, 1955 in Richmond, California) was a Major League Baseball relief pitcher. ... Major league affiliations National League (1962–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 24, 25, 32, 33, 34, 40, 42, 49 Name Houston Astros (1965–present) Houston Colt . ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1889) (a. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 6, 19, 31, 35, 42 Name San Diego Padres (1969–present) Other nicknames Pads, Friars Ballpark PETCO Park (2004–present) Qualcomm Stadium (1969-2003) a. ... Lamont Darnell Thompson (born July 30, 1978 in Richmond, California) is a safety with the Tennessee Titans. ... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... Look up Football in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In American football and Canadian football, defensive backs are the players on the defensive team who take positions somewhat back from the line of scrimmage; they are distinguished from the defensive line players, who take positions directly behind the line of scrimmage. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Information in this article or section has not been verified against sources and may not be reliable. ... Paul Scott Jordan (born May 26, 1965 in Richmond, California) was a Major League Baseball player from 1988 to 1996 for the Philadelphia Phillies and Seattle Mariners. ...

Others

George Johnson (born 1 May 1894 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), is one of the few surviving veterans of the First World War in the United States. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... Bold textHello ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... Percy Miller, (born April 29, 1967 in New Orleans, Louisiana), better known as Master P, is an entrepreneur, businessman, marketing expert, and rap artist. ...

Neighborhoods

See also: List of Richmond neighborhoods

Richmond has many distinct neighborhoods. The city can roughly be divided into the northern Hilltop/El Sobrante, eastern Central/East Richmond, downtown/Iron Triangle and Southern Point Richmond/Marina Bay areas. This is a list of neighborhoods in Richmond, California. ...


Richmond in literature, film, and music

Books

  • Richmond - Windows to the Past, an oral history based photographic history by Susan Alcorn (1980).
  • In Contempt (Mass Market Paperback) by Christopher A. Darden, Jess Walter, ReganBooks; Reprint edition (February 1997) (Christopher Darden, one of the prosecutors in the criminal case against O.J. Simpson, grew up in Richmond, California.)
  • Photographing the 2nd Gold Rush: Dorothea Lange and the East Bay at War 1941-1945 (Paperback) by Dorothea Lange, Charles Wollenberg, Heyday Books (August 1995).
  • Richmond (Images of America) (Paperback) by Donald Bastin, Arcadia Publishing (SC) (November 2003).
  • Tales from the Iron Triangle: Boyhood Days in the Bay Area of the 1920s (Hardcover), by James Polese, Ocean Tree Books; 1st ed. edition (September 1994).
  • To Place Our Deeds: The African American Community in Richmond, California, 1910-1963 (Paperback) by Shirley Ann Wilson Moore, University of California Press; 1 edition (February 5, 2001).

Film and television

  • Many scenes from the Robin Williams film, Patch Adams were filmed during a week in Point Richmond.[citation needed]
  • The basketball movie, Coach Carter although filmed in across the bay in San Francisco was based on the story of the Richmond High School Basketball team being benched for poor grades despite an undefeated season.
  • Many parts of the Mel Gibson movie Forever Young were filmed in Point Richmond.[citation needed]
  • DeVry College has made a commercial showing businesses along San Pablo Avenue in Richmond.
  • Toxic Energy: Little Miss Potentiality Returns is a fictional adventure film set in Richmond.[citation needed]

Robin McLaurin Williams (born July 21, 1951)[1] is an Academy Award-winning American actor and comedian who has done television, stage, and film work. ... Hunter Campbell Patch Adams (born May 28, 1945 in Washington, District of Columbia) founded the Gesundheit! Institute in 1972. ... Coach Carter is a 2005 film, directed by Thomas Carter. ... Mel Columcille Gerard Gibson AO (born January 3, 1956) is an American born Australian actor, director, and producer. ... Forever Young can mean any of the following: Forever Young (film), a 1992 film starring Elijah Wood and Mel Gibson; Forever Young, a series of books on health, fitness and nutrition written by Filipina health and beauty expert Cory Quirino. ...

Sister cities

Richmond, California has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Sister Cities International is a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and fostering town twinning, especially between a city in the United States and a city in another country. ...

This article is about partnerships between towns distant from each other; see Twin cities for the different concept of physically neighbouring cities. ... Shimada (島田市; -shi) is a city located in Shizuoka, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Regla is a town in west central Cuba along the southeastern shore of Havana Bay behind Casa Blanca. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Zhoushan (Simplified Chinese: 舟山; Pinyin: ), formerly transliterated as Chusan, is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Zhejiang province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...

Trivia

“MLK” redirects here. ...

See also

East Richmond Heights is an unincorporated community (or census-designated place) in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. ... North Richmond also called Narf is an unincorporated area adjacent to Richmond, California. ... ... El Sobrante is a census-designated place located in Contra Costa County, California. ... Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park is located in Richmond, California, near San Francisco, at the site of a former Ford Motor Company manufacturing plant. ... USS Tacoma (PF-3), was the lead ship of the Tacoma-class frigates. ...

Notes and references

  1. ^ Green Party mayor takes the reins. San Francisco Chronicle (January 10, 2007).
  2. ^ E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual Percent Change — January 1, 2006 and 2007 California Department of Finance, May 2007.
  3. ^ a b History of Richmond. City of Richmond. Retrieved on 2007-06-25.
  4. ^ Rosie the Riveter--World War II Home Front National Historical Park: World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area. National Park Service. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  5. ^ Rickey Hendricks, A Model for National Health Care: The History of Kaiser Permanente (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1993), 40-47, 63
  6. ^ "Going Wiggy over Wig-Wags - Pt. Richmond’s Wig-Wag Controversy," by Jim Mallory, BayCrossings.com, July 6, 2002, retrieved May 18, 2007
  7. ^ Pullman Shop official website
  8. ^ A. Philip Randolph Pullman Porter Museum official website
  9. ^ TTCA Welcomes the City of Richmond Into the California Main Street Program., Business Wire, December 13, 2007, retrieved May 24, 2007
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Statistics of Richmond, California, City Data.com
  11. ^ a b c City of Richmond Geographic Information System Viewer, retrieved August 1, 2007
  12. ^ a b c d Average Weather for Richmond, California, Weather.com.
  13. ^ Bay Area EcoAtlas, retrieved June 19, 2007
  14. ^ EBRPD, Point Isabel, retrieved July 25, 2007
  15. ^ Born to be wild: Local trout goes global, San Francisco Chronicle, by Rick DelVecchio, April 22, 2005, retrieved May 24, 2007
  16. ^ [1] Spawners, Our Watershed, retrieved July 26, 2007
  17. ^ Young whale washes up in East Bay, May 25, 2007, San Francisco Chronicle
  18. ^ Beached whale's carcass to be towed to sea for burial, retrieved June 7, 2007
  19. ^ CoCo County Pays $18K To Remove Whale Carcass, retrieved June 7, 2007
  20. ^ Burial at sea for hulkRed tape delayed earlier disposition of rotting remains, retrieved June 7, 2007
  21. ^ Save The Bay's "Creeks to the Bay" Restoration Vision for Eastshore State Park, well.com, retrieved August 1, 2007
  22. ^ Sewage Leaks, Richmond Councilman Tom Butt can't keep his mouth shut, bless him. Wikipedians poke at Dick Pombo's bio; and mystery fliers sully mayor's race, by Will Harper, East Bay Express, March 1, 2006, August 1, 2007
  23. ^ A Step Toward "Cleaning and Greening" Richmond, MSH Properties' Richmond Cooperative Advances City's 5-Megawatt Solar Energy Goal, Borrego Solar, May 3, 2007, retrieved August 2, 2007
  24. ^ Chevron Fined Over March Blast, Fire, Sfgate.com, San Francisco Chronicle, September 17, 1999
  25. ^ Taking the Toxic Tour, Commongroundmag.com, Common Ground Magazine, February 2005.
  26. ^ a b c Basic Fact Sheet, City of Richmond
  27. ^ Demographic Profile Brochure, City of Richmond
  28. ^ a b c Richomnd Fact Sheet, U.S. Census Bureau
  29. ^ Macdonald 80 Shopping Center: Draft Initial Study/Mitigated Negative Declaration (PDF). Pacific Municipal Consultants (June 2004).
  30. ^ Time Bomb Or Treasure, Sfgate.com, San Francisco Chronicle, April 9, 2001
  31. ^ Biography and terms, City of Richmond
  32. ^ Richmond Government. City of Richmond. Retrieved on 2007-06-27.
  33. ^ The City of Richmond, California, Implements Enterprise Framework, ESRI
  34. ^ Grand Prize-Winning “Extreme Makeover” Website Is Unveiled!, CivicPlus, January 5, 2007, retrieved June 24, 2007
  35. ^ Council shifts way it fills seats, Contra Costa Times, by Joshua Geluardi, March 11, 2007, retrieved May 25, 2007
  36. ^ Johnson, Chip. California city questions Chevron's refinery upgrade. San Francisco Chronicle.
  37. ^ OFFICIAL RESULTS OF THE 2006 MUNICIPAL ELECTION HELD ON NOVEMBER 7, 2006, retrieved August 2, 2007
  38. ^ Civic Center Revitalization, Mitigative and negative declaration, City of Richmond website, retrieved August 1, 2007
  39. ^ 4 on council call for a state of emergency, by Jim Herron Zamora, Sfgate.com, San Francisco Chronicle, June 17, 2005, retrieved May 24, 2007
  40. ^ The Iron Triangle: Richmond's Forgotten Neighborhood, North Gate News Online.
  41. ^ [http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/15475741 Report finds St. Louis most dangerous U.S. city.
  42. ^ Profile 4: Comprehensive Homicide Initiative, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, US Department of Justice.
  43. ^ Mayors Against Illegal Guns - Coalition Members. Mayors Against Illegal Guns. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  44. ^ California Cities Gather to Share What's Working in Effort to Stem Gang Violence
  45. ^ Leader of notorious MS-13 gang arrested, by Jason B. Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle, July 27, 2006, retrieved June 26, 2007
  46. ^ Operation Safe Homes. The U.S. Conference of Mayors. Retrieved on 2007-06-27.
  47. ^ Contra Costa, Calif., School District Bans Soda, Junk Food, by Kara Shire, Contra Costa Times, August 30, 2003, retrieved May 24, 2007
  48. ^ Richmond students protest Exit Exam results, Oroville Mercury Register, June 7, 2007, 2007-06-07
  49. ^ Hip-Hop Car Stunt Leaves 2 De, Associated Press, by Garance Burke, December 29, 2006, retrieved August 12, 2007
  50. ^ [2]
  51. ^ Point Isabel Shoreline the largest off-leash dog park in the nation, by Glen Martin, San Francisco Chronicle, August 16, 2004, retrieved July 25, 2007
  52. ^ Richmond, CA - Official Website - Port Operations. City of Richmond. Retrieved on 2007-06-26.
  53. ^ Bay Area Freeway Congestion Up for Third Straight Year in 2006. Metropolitan Transportation Commission (June 18, 2007).
  54. ^ Amtrak.com, Capitol Corridor, Stations (map), retrieved July 5, 2007
  55. ^ New Date: Upcoming Service Changes, AC Transit Marketing, March 15, 2007, retrieved June 7, 2007
  56. ^ AC Transit Service Changes, retrieved June 7, 2007
  57. ^ West County Service Plan Community and Drivers Input (PDFs), retrieved June 7, 2007
  58. ^ West Contra Costa County Service Plan (PDFs), retrieved June 7, 2007
  59. ^ WestCat System Map, WestCat.org, retrieved June 26, 2007
  60. ^ [3]
  61. ^ Richmond Ferry to Sail, San Francisco Chronicle.
  62. ^ Richmond Ferry Wins Praise But Few Riders, San Francisco Chronicle.
  63. ^ [4]
  64. ^ [5]
  65. ^ 2007 State of the City Address, by Gayle McLaughlin, March 6, 2007, Gayle McGlaughlin website, retrieved August 3, 2007
  66. ^ Regional News, California Track and Running News
  67. ^ Raiders.com, Courtney Anderson profile, retrieved June 23, 2007
  68. ^ NFL.com, 2007 Draft: Prospect Profiles, Courtney Anderson, retrieved June 23, 2007
  69. ^ Athletes of Week, Sfgate.com, San Francisco Chronicle, April 11, 2007.
  70. ^ Salesian's Best sets a high bar, Sfgate.com, San Francisco Chronicle, April 29, 2007.
  71. ^ Coach Carter movie official website, CoachCarter.com, retrieved May 17, 2007
  72. ^ Baseball Reference profile of Dave Smith, Baseball-reference.com, retrieved May 17, 2007.
  73. ^ Database Football profile of Lamont Thompson, Databasefootball.com, retrieved May 17, 2007.
  74. ^ baseball-reference.com, Ricky Jordan profile, retrieved July 2, 2007
  75. ^ Secrets of living a long life, by Chip Johnson, San Francisco Chronicle, May 1, 2001, retrieved June 17, 2007
  76. ^ Lucretia Edwards Shoreline Park, City of Richmond, retrieved May 17, 2007.
  77. ^ Open Space Advocate Honored With a Park, by John Geluardi, Berkeley Daily Planet, January 2, 2004, retrieved May 17, 2007.
  78. ^ KochEntertainment.com profile of Master P, KochEntertainment.com , retrieved May 17, 2007.
  79. ^ Son of King shining light on poor, by John Geluardi, Contra Costa Times, May 1, 2007, retrieved May 25, 2007

January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 176th day of the year (177th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... December 13 is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... The East Bay Express (founded 1978) is an Emeryville-based weekly newspaper serving the East Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Contra Costa Times is a daily newspaper serving Contra Costa County, California. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Todays San Francisco Chronicle was founded in 1865 as The Daily Dramatic Chronicle by teenage brothers Charles de Young and Michael H. de Young. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 242nd day of the year (243rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 2003 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 144th day of the year (145th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... June 7 is the 158th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (159th in leap years), with 207 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

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