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Encyclopedia > Richard le Scrope

Richard le Scrope (c1350- June 1405) was born into a prominent Yorkshire family, the fourth son of Henry, first Baron Scrope of Masham. He took an arts degree at Oxford, and by 1379 Cambridge had conferred on him doctorates in both canon and civil law. Map sources for Masham at grid reference SE2280 Masham (pronounced Massam) is a market town in North Yorkshire, United Kingdom. ... Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... Map of the Cambridgeshire area (1904) The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ...

Scrope's ascent through the Church hierarchy was steady though unremarkable. By 1376 he was in deacon's orders and warden of John of Gaunt's chapel at Tickhill Castle. He was ordained into the priesthood in March 1377, at which time he was a canon at York, and the next year he became chancellor of the University of Cambridge. By 1382 he was protonotary to the papal curia. Look up canon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world, with one of the most selective sets of entry requirements in the United Kingdom. ... The prothonotary is the chief court clerk in certain courts of law in certain Anglo-American jurisdictions, including Pennsylvania and Prince Edward Island. ...

A papal bull of 1385 suggested Scrope as Archbishop of Chichester, but Richard II promoted instead his personal confessor, Thomas Rushhook. The following year Urban VI named Scrope bishop of Conventry and Lichfield. Scrope's service to Richard II on various diplomatic missions earned him a royal request that he be translated to the see of York, where he was consecrated archbishop on 2 June 1398. Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... Richard II (January 6, 1367 – February 14, 1400) was the son of Edward the Black Prince, Prince of Wales, and Joan The Fair Maid of Kent. He was born at Bordeaux and became his fathers heir when his elder brother died in infancy. ... Urban VI, née Bartolomeo Prignano ( 1318 – October 15, 1389), pope (1378 to 1389), was a native of Naples. ... 2 June is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... Events Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland destroyed. ...

The forces which transformed this quiet churchman into a rebel can be traced back to the revolution of 1399, when Henry Bolingbroke deposed his cousin Richard II. Bolingbroke owed much of his success to the support of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland. However, because of a financial crisis early in his reign, Henry either could or would not reimburse Northumberland for the costly border wars being waged on his behalf. Relations between Henry and Northumberland were finally strained to the breaking point in 1403 when the King refused to ransom back Edmund Mortimer, Percy's son-in-law, who had been captured while leading royal forces against Owen Glendower's Welsh rebels. Northumberland and his son, Henry "Hotspur" Percy, withdrew their allegiance from Henry IV and rose against him in open insurrection. In July 1403, Hotspur was killed at the battle of Shrewsbury and the rising was temporarily quelled. Two years later, however, Northumberland fomented a second rebellion. This time, Percy persuaded Archbishop Scrope to join him. Henry IV of England, depicted in Cassells History of England, Century Edition, published circa 1902 Henry IV King of England, Lord of Ireland. ... Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland (November 10, 1342 - February 20, 1408), was the son of Henry, 3rd baron Percy, and the father of Henry Harry Hotspur Percy. ... The name Edmund Mortimer was held by several members of the powerful Marcher family of Mortimer, including Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and his grandson Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March, however, the best-known of the Edmund Mortimers was the second son of the 3rd Earl: Edmund Mortimer... Seal of Owain Glyndŵr The Banner of the Arms of Owain Glyndŵr showing his parentage Owain Glyndŵr, sometimes anglicised as Owen Glendower (1359–c. ... A carving of Henry Hotspur Percy Sir Henry Percy, also called Harry Hotspur (May 20, 1364/1366 – July 21, 1403) was the eldest son of Henry Percy, 1st Earl of Northumberland, 4th Lord Percy of Alnwick. ... The Battle of Shrewsbury was fought on July 21, 1403. ...

Up until this time, Scrope was evidently a placid royalist with little interest in national politics. He appears to have remained neutral during the precarious days of the revolution of 1399.

After the coup, however, Scrope served in the delegation which relieved the imprisoned Richard II of his crown, and he presided with Archbishop Thomas Arundel at Henry's hastily arranged coronation. Furthermore, in 1400 Scrope secured loans to help finance Henry's expedition against the Scots, and he seems to have remained on good terms with the new King as late as August 1403, when he celebrated a special mass for him during a royal visit to York. Thomas Arundel (1353-1414) was Archbishop of Canterbury in 1397 and from 1399 until his death, an outspoken opponent of the Lollards. ...

In 1404, however, the amiable relationship between the King and the Archbishop deteriorated rapidly. The Scrope family made several lucrative marriage alliances with the fractious Percies, while at about the same time the powerful Northumberland clan also became generous patrons of Scrope's cathedral. Moreover, the Archbishop understandably objected to the taxation of Church lands which was proposed by the so-called "Unlearned Parliament" of 1404. Finally, it is not unlikely that Scrope, along with Thomas Mowbray, the nineteen year-old Earl Marshal, was unwittingly manipulated by the Earl of Northumberland, who used the highly respected but politically naive Archbishop to legitimize his private campaign of revenge and self aggrandizement. Thomas Mowbray (1365 - September 22, 1399) was an English nobleman, created 1st Duke of Norfolk in 1397, by King Richard II of England. ... The title of Earl of Northumberland was created several times in the Peerages of England and Great Britain. ...

In the spring of 1405 Scrope composed a manifesto indicting the King on several charges of willful misrule. This propaganda campaign was evidently asomething of a success, for, having raised three knights and an armed mob of some eight thousand men, Scrope set out with Mowbray on 27 May to join forces with Henry Percy and Thomas Bardolf. Before they could meet, however, Percy found himself hopelessly outmaneuvered and delayed. As a result, Percy decided to abandon the motley expedition led by Scrope and Mowbray, leaving his inexperienced allies to face a large loyalist army led by Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and Prince John of Lancaster. May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ... Sir Ralph de Neville (c. ... John of Lancaster (1389 - 1435) was the son of Henry IV of England. ...

After a three-day stalemate on Shipton Moor, Scrope agreed to parley with Westmorland, but as soon as the Archbishop disbanded his followers in accordance with the terms of the truce, he was arrested and imprisoned at Pontefract. Pontefract Castle in its heyday Pontefract (from the Latin for Broken Bridge) is a town in the county of West Yorkshire, England, near the A1 (or Great North Road), the M62 motorway, and Castleford. ...

Henry arrived soon thereafter, transferred Scrope to the Archbishop's own residence at Bishopthorpe, three miles south of York, and set the trial for Monday, June 8. Archbishop Arundel, fearing gross violations of ecclesiastical law, arrived early that morning to urge the King to submit the matter to either Parliament or the Pope, but his pleas for caution were ignored. Map sources for Bishopthorpe at grid reference SE5947 Bishopthorpe is a small town in the unitary authority of the City of York, south of York and close to the River Ouse, with about 3500 inhabitants. ... June 8 is the 159th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (160th in leap years), with 206 days remaining. ... An aerial view of Parliament of India at New Delhi. ...

Henry, after lying ill at Ripon for nearly a week, marched against Bardolf and Percy and pursued them to Scotland. Eventually, after Percy's death at Bramham Moor in 1408, the northern rising was crushed altogether. Henry thus survived the gravest crisis of his reign, but only at the cost of killing a popular archbishop, a deed which provoked such universal outrage that Henry narrowly escaped excommunication. In fact, Henry probably only remained within the pale of the Church because of Gregory XII's fear that the English king might shift his allegiance to the rival pope at Avignon. Meanwhile, Richard Scrope was quietly buried in the northeast corner of York Minster. ... Gregory XII, né Angelo Coraria (Venice 1326 - October 18, 1417), pope from 1406 to 1409, succeeded Innocent VII on 30th November 1406, having been chosen at Rome by a conclave consisting of only fifteen cardinals, under the express condition that, should Benedict XIII, the rival pope at Avignon, renounce all... York Minster Close The southwest tower of York Minster Inside York Minster The interior of the tower York Minster is an imposing Gothic cathedral in York, northern England. ...

Preceded by:
Robert Waldby
Archbishop of York
Succeeded by:
Henry Bowet

  Results from FactBites:
Selected Families/Individuals - pafg225 - Generated by Personal Ancestral File (453 words)
Richard Le Scrope [Parents] was born on 31 May 1393 in Bolton, Wensleydale, Yorkshire, England.
Richard Scrope [Parents] was born in 1327 in Bolton, Yorkshire, England.
Henry Scrope [Parents] was born in 1271 in Bracewell, Wensley, Yorkshire, England.
  More results at FactBites »



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