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Encyclopedia > Richard Serra
Richard Serra
Born November 2, 1939 (1939-11-02) (age 68)
San Francisco, California
Nationality American
Field minimalist sculptor
Training Yale University
Movement Process Art
Influenced by Robert Smithson
Fulcrum 1987, 55 ft high free standing sculpture of Cor-ten steel near Liverpool Street station, London
Fulcrum 1987, 55 ft high free standing sculpture of Cor-ten steel near Liverpool Street station, London

Richard Serra (born November 29, 1939) is an American minimalist sculptor and video artist known for working with large scale assemblies of sheet metal. Serra was involved in the Process Art Movement. is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Yale redirects here. ... Process Art may be understood as an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment and worldview where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus. ... Smithsons Spiral Jetty set in Great Salt Lake, Utah. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (959x1258, 279 KB) Fulcrum (1987) by Richard Serra, is a site specific sculpture commissioned for the west entrance to Liverpool Street station in the Broadgate complex. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (959x1258, 279 KB) Fulcrum (1987) by Richard Serra, is a site specific sculpture commissioned for the west entrance to Liverpool Street station in the Broadgate complex. ... Cor-ten steel - Fulcrum (1987) by Richard Serra Cor-ten, generically known as A242, A588, and A606, are steel alloys which were developed to obviate the need for painting, and form a stable rust-like appearance if exposed to the weather for several years. ... Liverpool Street station, also called London Liverpool Street, is a mainline railway station and connected London Underground station in the north eastern corner of the City of London, the main financial district, with entrances on Bishopsgate and Liverpool Street itself. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Sculptor redirects here. ... Video art is a type of art which relies on moving pictures and is comprised of video and/or audio data. ... Sheets of stainless steel cover the Chrysler Building Thin sheets of gold leaf Sheet metal is simply metal formed into thin and flat pieces. ... Process Art may be understood as an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment and worldview where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus. ...


Serra was born in San Francisco and he went on to study English literature at the University of California, Berkeley and later at the University of California, Santa Barbara between 1957 and 1961. He then studied fine art at Yale University between 1961 and 1964. While on the West Coast, he helped support himself by working in steel mills which was to have a strong influence on his later work. This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The term English literature refers to literature written in the English language, including literature composed in English by writers not necessarily from England; Joseph Conrad was Polish, Robert Burns was Scottish, James Joyce was Irish, Dylan Thomas was Welsh, Edgar Allan Poe was American, Salman Rushdie is Indian, V.S... Sather tower (the Campanile) looking out over the San Francisco Bay and Mount Tamalpais. ... The University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) is a coeducational public university located on the Pacific Ocean in Santa Barbara County, California, USA. It is one out of 10 campuses of the University of California. ... Fine art refers to arts that are concerned with beauty or which appealed to taste (SOED 1991). ... Yale redirects here. ... Steel Mill was one of Bruce Springsteens early bands and performed regularly on the Jersey Shore, in Virginia, and also in California from 1969 till January 1971. ...


He is the brother of famed San Francisco trial attorney Tony Serra. Serra lives outside of New York and in Nova Scotia. J. Tony Serra is an American attorney, activist and tax resister. ... This article is about the state. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867...

Contents

Sculpture

Bramme for the Ruhr-District, 1998 at Essen
Sea Level (South-West part), Zeewolde, the Netherlands
Sea Level (South-West part), Zeewolde, the Netherlands

Serra's earliest work was abstract and process-based made from molten lead hurled in large splashes against the wall of a studio or exhibition space. Still, he is better known for his minimalist constructions from large rolls and sheets of metal (COR-TEN-Steel). Many of these pieces are self-supporting and emphasise the weight and nature of the materials. Rolls of lead are designed to sag over time. His exterior steel sculptures go through an initial oxidation process, but after 8-10 years, the patina of the steel settles to one color that will remain relatively stable over the piece's life. Serra often constructs site-specific installations, frequently on a scale that dwarfs the observer. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Zeewolde ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a town in the Flevoland province in the central Netherlands. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Kazimir Malevich, Black square 1915 Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses color and form in a non-representational way. ... Process Art may be understood as an artistic movement as well as a creative sentiment and worldview where the end product of art and craft, the objet d’art, is not the principal focus. ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... For other uses, see Minimalism (disambiguation). ... Cor-Ten steel - Fulcrum (1987) by Richard Serra Weathering steel, best-known under the trademark Cor-Ten steel, is a group of steel alloys which were developed to obviate the need for painting, and form a stable rust-like appearance if exposed to the weather for several years. ... Installation art uses sculptural materials and other media to modify the way we experience a particular space. ...


In 1981, Serra installed Tilted Arc, a gently curved, 3.5 metre high arc of rusting mild steel in the Federal Plaza in New York City. There was controversy over the installation from day one, largely from workers in the buildings surrounding the plaza who complained that the steel wall obstructed passage through the plaza. A public hearing in 1985 voted that the work should be moved, but Serra argued the sculpture was site specific and could not be placed anywhere else. Serra famously issued an often-quoted statement regarding the nature of site-specific art when he said, "To remove the work is to destroy it." Eventually on 15 March 1989, the sculpture was dismantled by federal workers and taken for scrap. William Gaddis satirized these events in his biting 1994 novel A Frolic of His Own. See also 1980 in art, Other events of 1981 1982 in art, List of years in art // Events Awards Archibald Prize - Eric Smith Works Exhibitions Births Deaths November 22 - Corrado Parducci, sculptor date unknown - Art Frahm, pin-up artist date unknown - Pinchus Kremegne, painter, sculptor and lithographer Categories: 1981 | Years... Tilted Arc was a sculpture commissioned by the U.S. General Service Administrations Arts-in-Architecture program for the Federal Plaza in New York, NY. It was designed by Richard Serra and constructed in 1981, and dismantled, after much debate, in 1989. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... William Gaddis (December 29, 1922 - December 16, 1998) was an American novelist. ... A frolic of his own is a phrase used by the judges in the case Joel v Morison (1834) 6 C&P 501 at 503 on the law of vicarious liability. ...


Another famous work of Serra's is the mammoth sculpture Snake, a trio of sinuous steel sheets creating a curving path, permanently located in the largest gallery of the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. In 2005, the museum mounted an exhibition of more of Serra's work. The Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, along the Nervión River in downtown Bilbao, with the Maman, a huge spider by Louise Bourgeois The Guggenheim museum in Bilbao, Spain, which is made of glass, titanium, and limestone. ...


He has not always fared so well in Spain, however; also in 2005, the Centro de Arte Reina SofĂ­a in Madrid announced that a 38-tonne sculpture of his had been "mislaid." (BBC) The main entrance The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name Spains national museum of 20th century art (informally shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofia Museum, or simply The Sofia). ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ...


In spring 2005, Serra returned to San Francisco to install his first public work in that city (previous negotiations for a commission fell through) - two 50 foot steel blades in the main open space of the new University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) campus. Weighing 160 tons, placing the work in its Mission Bay location posed serious challenges as it is, like many parts of San Francisco, built on landfill. In 2000 he installed 'Charlie Brown,' a 60-foot tall sculpture in the new Gap Inc. headquarters in San Francisco. To encourage oxidation, or rust, sprinkers were initially directed toward the four German-made slabs of steel that make up the work (see External links). UCSF in 1908, with the streetcar that used to run on Parnassus Avenue The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is one of the worlds leading centers of health sciences research, patient care, and education. ...


At the 2006 Whitney Biennial, Serra showed a simple litho crayon drawing of an Abu Ghraib prisoner with the caption "STOP BUSH." This image was later used by the Whitney Museum to make posters for the Biennial. The posters featured an altered version of the text that read "STOP B S ." The banner of the 2006 Whitney Biennial: Day For Night in front of the Whitney Museum of American Art. ...


In the summer of 2007 the Museum of Modern Art presented a retrospective of Serra's work in New York. Intersection II (1992-1993) and Torqued Ellipse IV (1998) were included in this show along with three new works.[1] This article is about the museum in New York City. ...


Work similar to that of his in the Netherlands (pictured) can be found in Storm King Art Center in Upstate New York.[2] The Storm King Art Center in Mountainville, New York is an open air museum which has extended the concept of a sculpture garden to become a sculpture landscape. ...


Colby College recently acquired 150 works on paper by Serra, making it the second largest collection of Serra's work outside of the Museum of Modern Art in New York. Colby College, founded in 1813, is an elite liberal arts college located on Mayflower Hill in Waterville, Maine. ...


Video art

In Boomerang (1974), Serra taped Nancy Holt as she talks and hears her words played back to her after they have been delayed electronically.


Serra has made a number of films concerning the manufacture and use of his favourite material, steel. Steelworks is shot inside a German steelworks and includes an interview with a steelworker, while Railroad Turnbridge is a series of shots taken on the Burlington and Northern bridge over the Williamette river near Portland, Oregon, as it opens to let a ship pass. These films can be viewed in a room off the Arcelor gallery in the Guggenheim museum in Bilbao.


He also produced the classic 1973 short film "Television Delivers People", a critique of the corporate mass media with elevator music as the soundtrack.


Serra plays Hiram Abiff ("the architect") in Matthew Barney's 2002 film Cremaster 3 and is in the DVD edit called "The Order."[1] Hiram Abiff is an allegorical figure mentioned in Masonic ritual, who is figuratively the master of the construction of King Solomons Temple. ... Matthew Barney (born March 25, 1967 in San Francisco, California) is a contemporary artist who works with film, video, installations, sculpture, photography, drawing and performance art. ... Cremaster (films) The Cremaster Cycle is a sequence of five films by Matthew Barney, entitled Cremaster 1 to Cremaster 5. ...


Trivia

Serra was one of the four performers in the premiere of the Steve Reich piece Pendulum Music on May 27th 1969 at the Whitney Museum of American Art. The other performers were Michael Snow, James Tenney and Bruce Nauman. Stephen Michael Reich (born October 3, 1936) is an American composer. ... Pendulum Music is the name of a work by Steve Reich, involving suspended microphones and speakers, creating phasing feedback tones. ... Night view of Whitney Museum of American Art The Whitney Museum of American Art is an art gallery and museum in New York City founded in 1931 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. ... Interior of the Eaton Centre showing one of Michael Snow and Joyce Wielands best known sculptures, called Flightstop, which depict Canada Geese in flight. ... James Tenney (August 10, 1934 in Silver City, NM) is an American composer and influential music theorist. ... Bruce Nauman (born December 6, 1941, in Fort Wayne, Indiana) is a contemporary American artist. ...


References

  1. ^ Details of 2007 Moma Retrospective
  2. ^ Schunnemunk Fork details at Storm King

External links

  • Richard Serra in Literal, Latin American Voices
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Richard Serra
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See also

Persondata
NAME Serra, Richard
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION sculptor
DATE OF BIRTH November 2, 1939
PLACE OF BIRTH San Francisco, California, United States of America
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
Smithsons Spiral Jetty set in Great Salt Lake, Utah. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... Nef pour quatorze reines by Rose-Marie Goulet, a memorial to the École Polytechnique Massacre, featuring sculptural elements integrated into a specially landscaped site Site-specific art is artwork created to exist in a certain place. ... The term environmental sculpture is variously defined. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized...

 
 

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