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Encyclopedia > Richard R. Ernst
Richard R. Ernst
Richard R. Ernst
Richard R. Ernst
Born August 14, 1933 (1933-08-14) (age 74)
Winterthur, Switzerland
Nationality Swiss
Fields Chemistry, physics
Notable awards Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1991)

Richard Robert Ernst (born August 14, 1933) is a Swiss physical chemist and Nobel Laureate[1]. If you hold the copyright to an image (e. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The city church of Winterthur, a local landmark Winterthur is a city in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Chemistry (disambiguation). ... A magnet levitating above a high-temperature superconductor demonstrates the Meissner effect. ... Image File history File links Nobel_prize_medal. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to the present day. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Physical chemistry is the study of the physical basis of chemical systems and processes. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ...


Born in Winterthur, Switzerland, Ernst was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991 for his contributions towards the development of Fourier transform nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy while at Varian Associates, Palo Alto and the subsequent development of multi-dimensional NMR techniques. These underpin applications of NMR both to chemistry (NMR spectroscopy) and to medicine (MRI).He also received Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize in 1991. The city church of Winterthur, a local landmark Winterthur is a city in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland. ... This is a list of Nobel Prize laureates in Chemistry from 1901 to 2006. ... In mathematics, the Fourier transform is a certain linear operator that maps functions to other functions. ... NMR redirects here. ... Animation of the dispersion of light as it travels through a triangular prism. ... Varian Associates was a company founded in 1948 by Russell and Sigurd Varian, William Hansen, and Edward Ginzton to sell the klystron, the first tube which could generate electromagnetic waves at microwave frequencies, and other electromagnetic equipment. ... Downtown Palo Alto Palo Alto is a city in Santa Clara County, in the San Francisco Bay Area of California, USA. Palo Alto is located at the northern end of the Silicon Valley, and is home to Stanford University (which is technically located in an adjacent area — Stanford, California), and... 900MHz, 21. ... MRI redirects here. ... Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize for Biology or Biochemistry is an annual prize awarded by Columbia University to a researcher or group of researchers that have made an outstanding contribution in basic research in the fields of biology or biochemistry. ...


He studied at and served on the faculty of the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (Federal Institute of Technology) in Zürich, Switzerland from which he is now retired. He is Honorary Doctor of the Technical University of Munich and University of Zurich. The ETH Zurich, often called Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, is a science and technology university in the city of Zurich, Switzerland. ... For other uses of Zurich, see Zurich (disambiguation). ... Technische Universität München (TUM) (English: Technical University of Munich) is a German university, part of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, a society of Germanys leading research universities in Munich. ... The University of Zurich (in German: Universität Zürich) is the largest university of Switzerland, in the city of Zürich. ...


He is member of the World Knowledge Dialogue Scientific Board.


Ernst received both his diploma in chemistry (1957) and his Ph.D. in physical chemistry (1962) from the Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich. From 1963 to 1968 he worked as a research chemist in Palo Alto, Calif. In 1966, working with an American colleague, Ernst discovered that the sensitivity of NMR techniques (hitherto limited to analysis of only a few nuclei) could be dramatically increased by replacing the slow, sweeping radio waves traditionally used in NMR spectroscopy with short, intense pulses. His discovery enabled analysis of a great many more types of nuclei and smaller amounts of materials.


In 1968 he returned to Switzerland to teach at his alma mater. He was made assistant professor in 1970 and full professor in 1976. His second major contribution to the field of NMR spectroscopy was a technique that enabled a high-resolution, “two-dimensional” study of larger molecules than had previously been accessible to NMR. With Ernst's refinements, scientists were able to determine the three-dimensional structure of organic and inorganic compounds and of biological macromolecules such as proteins; to study the interaction between biological molecules and other substances such as metal ions, water, and drugs; to identify chemical species; and to study the rates of chemical reactions.


Ernst also was credited with many inventions and held several patents in his field.


References

  1. ^ Alger, J R (1992), “The 1991 Nobel Prize in chemistry awarded to an MRI investigator.”, Journal of computer assisted tomography 16 (1): 1-2, PMID:1729287, <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1729287> 

Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... PMID is an acronym for PubMed Identifier or more specifically PubMed Unique Identifier which is a unique number assigned to each PubMed citation of life sciences and biomedical scientific journal articles. ...

External Links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Richard R. Ernst - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (191 words)
Richard Robert Ernst (born August 14, 1933) is a Swiss chemist and Nobel Laureate.
Ernst was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1991 for his contributions towards the development of multidimensional, Fourier transform nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy while at Varian Associates, Palo Alto, California.
In the poster made by the Nobel Prize committee, Richard Ernst acknowledged that the idea he has developed originally came from the Belgian scientist Jean Jeener, professor at the Université Libre de Bruxelles.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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