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Encyclopedia > Richard Morris Hunt
Facade of Yale University's Scroll and Key Society, displaying Moorish gate and patterned forecourt.

Richard Morris Hunt (October 31, 1827, Brattleboro, Vermont - 1895, Newport Rhode Island) preeminent figure in the history of American architecture. Hunt was the son of Jane Maria Leavitt, born to an influential family of Suffield, Connecticut, and Hon. Jonathan Hunt, the former lieutenant governor of Vermont who later served as a U.S. congressman, and scion of a wealthy and prominent Vermont family. Richard Morris Hunt was the brother of the Boston painter William Morris Hunt, and the photographer and lawyer Leavitt Hunt. (Hunt was named for Lewis Richard Morris, a family relation, who was a U.S. Congressman from Vermont and the nephew of Gouverner Morris, an author of large parts of the U.S. Constitution.) Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Scroll and Key Society is a secret society established by John Addison Porter and others at Yale University, New Haven, CT, in 1842. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1827 (MDCCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Brattleboro, Vermont Downtown Brattleboro, as seen looking West from Mount Wantastiquet. ... Architecture (from Latin, architectura and ultimately from Greek, a master builder, from αρχι- chiefs, leader , builder, carpenter)[1] is the art and science of designing buildings and structures. ... William Morris Hunt (March 31, 1824 - September 8, 1879), American painter, was born at Brattleboro, Vermont. ...


Following the early death of his father, Hunt's mother took the family to Europe, where they remained for more than a decade, first in Switzerland and later in Paris. In 1846 Hunt was the first American architect to attend the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, and was regarded well enough to supervise work on the Louvre under Napoleon III. After his return in 1855, he founded the first American architectural school at his Tenth Street Studio (beginning with only four students), co-founded the American Institute of Architects and became its President in 1888, brought the first apartment building to Manhattan in a burst of scandal, and set a new ostentatious style of grand houses for the social elite and the eccentric, competitive new millionaires of the Gilded Age. École des Beaux-Arts (IPA ) refers to several art schools in France. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... This article is about the museum. ... Charles Louis Napoléon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the French puppet state, the Kingdom of Holland. ... The American Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional organization for architects in the United States. ... The Breakers, a gilded-age mansion in Newport, Rhode Island. ...


Hunt's greatest influence is his insistence that architects be treated, and paid, as legitimate and respected professionals equivalent to doctors and lawyers. He sued one of his early clients for non-payment of his five percent fee, which established an important legal precedent. One of his 1859 students at the Tenth Street Studio, William Robert Ware, was deeply influenced by Hunt and went on to found the first two university programs in architecture: MIT in 1866, and Columbia in 1881. William Robert Ware (27 May 1832 - 9 June 1915), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts into a family of the Unitarian clergy, was an architect who received his professional education at Harvard College and Harvards Lawrence Scientific School. ... Mapúa Institute of Technology (MIT, MapúaTech or simply Mapúa) is a private, non-sectarian, Filipino tertiary institute located in Intramuros, Manila. ...


Despite his extensive social connections in Newport among the richest Americans of his generation, Hunt was widely admired for his energy and good humor. Legend has it that while on a final walk-through of one of his Vanderbilt mansions, Hunt discovered a mysterious tent-like object in one of the ballrooms. Investigating, he found it was canvas covering a life-sized statue of himself, dressed in stonecutters' clothes, all carved in secret as a tribute by the gang of stonecutters working on the house. Vanderbilt permitted the statue to be placed on the roof of the mansion. Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ...

Statue of Liberty, Pedestal by Richard Morris Hunt
Statue of Liberty, Pedestal by Richard Morris Hunt

Hunt designed New York's Tribune Building, one of the earliest with an elevator, in 1873. Other buildings of note that Hunt designed include the Theological Library and Marquand Chapel in Princeton, the Scroll and Key building at Yale, and the Fogg Museum of Art at Harvard. Until the Lenox Library, none of Hunt's American works were in the Beaux-Arts style with which he is associated. Late in his life he became involved in the Chicago's World's Columbian Exposition in 1893, at which his Administration Building received the gold medal from the Royal Institute of British Architects. Download high resolution version (397x620, 116 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Richard Morris Hunt File links The following pages link to this file: Libertarianism Statue of Liberty Public art Richard Morris Hunt Categories: GFDL images ... Download high resolution version (397x620, 116 KB)Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Richard Morris Hunt File links The following pages link to this file: Libertarianism Statue of Liberty Public art Richard Morris Hunt Categories: GFDL images ... NY redirects here. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Nassau Street, Princetons main street. ... “Yale” redirects here. ... The Fogg Art Museum is the oldest of Harvard Universitys art museums. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: Country United States State Illinois County Cook & DuPage Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA) is a professional body for architects in the United Kingdom. ...


In New York City, Hunt's handiwork can be seen on the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty and on the 5th Avenue facade of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The only one of Hunt's New York City buildings that has not been destroyed now houses the American Youth Hostels on the east blockfront of Amsterdam Avenue between 103d and 104th Streets in Manhattan. Erected in 1883 and entered into the National Register of Historic Places in 1975, this neo-classic building features dormer windows and a mansard roof similar to those Hunt used on his Biltmore Estate in Asheville, North Carolina, pictured below on this page. This popular youth hostel was originally built for the Association for the Relief of Respectable Aged Indigent Females, a charity created in 1813 with the help of financier Peter G. Stuyvesant (a descendant of the Dutch colonial governor Peter Stuyvesant) and John J. Astor. In later years it was used as a nursing home, but by the 1970s was abandoned and became a burned-out "shooting gallery" used by drug dealers and derelicts. Its current use as a flagship youth hostel came into being in 1988. According to an article in The New York Times: , For other freedom monuments, see Monument of Liberty. ... Metropolitan Museum of Art New York Elevation The Metropolitan Museum of Art, often referred to simply as The Met, is one of the worlds largest and most important art museums. ... The American Youth Hostels, Inc. ... Peter Stuyvesant circa 1660 Peter Stuyvesant (circa 1600 – August 1672) served as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland from 1647 until it was ceded provisionally to the English in 1664. ... John Jacob Astor, detail of an oil painting by Gilbert Stuart, 1794 John Jacob (originally either Johann Jakob or Johann Jacob) Astor (July 17, 1763 - March 29, 1848) was the first of the Astor family dynasty and the first millionaire in the United States, the creator of the first Trust...


"The project is a rare collaborative effort involving a West Side community group, a midtown developer, an international foundation, two Wall Street securities firms, seven government agencies and 300 profit-seeking investors in 30 states.....In 1980, the city's Office of Economic Development awarded a grant to Valley Restoration, which in turn hired the consulting firm of Buckhurst, Fish, Hutton & Katz to study the feasibility of converting the building into a hostel. The consultants concluded that a youth hostel containing 477 beds was feasible, along with a restaurant of 126 seats and a small theater. Efforts were then made to bring together community leaders, a youth hostel organization and a developer to put forward a plan." The financing of this successful preservation and re-use project was unusual. According to the Times article:


"The developer was Bertram Lewis, chairman of Sybedon, a group of Manhattan investment bankers specializing in high-stakes real estate deals....The terms of a 1984 agreement between the three groups had Valley Restoration buying the property from the city, which had acquired it in a 1978 tax foreclosure action. The $687,500 price was a payment to Valley from a limited partnership consisting of Sybedon and a group of investors. Last December a public offering of shares through Thomson McKinnon Securities raised $5.2 million from 300 investors in 30 states. The Metropolitan New York Council of American Youth Hostels agreed to manage the building and channel profits from the fees for the rooms back to the limited partnership to repay the investors."


Hunt often employed sculptor Karl Bitter to enrich his designs. Both Hunt and his frequent collaborator, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, were associated with the City Beautiful Movement, and Hunt was the first president of the Municipal Art Society that grew out of the movement. Nevertheless, Olmstead, an advocate of "naturalistic" architecture and landscape design famously clashed with Hunt in 1863 over Hunt's proposal for "Scholar's Gate," a formal entrance to Central Park at 60th Street and Fifth Avenue. According to Central Park historian Sarah Cedar Miller, Central Park Commissioner and influential New Yorker Andrew Haswell Green, was a major supporter of Hunt. When the park commissioners adopted Hunt's design, Olmstead and his partner Calvert Vaux protested and resigned their positions with the Central Park project. Hunt's plan for Scholar's Gate was never built and Olmstead and Vaux subsequently rejoined the project [1]. Nevertheless, there were to be other reminders of Hunt in Central Park. In 1898, 3 years after Hunt's death, the Municipal Art Society commissioned the Richard Morris Hunt Memorial, designed by sculptor Daniel Chester French and architect Bruce Price [2]. The memorial is installed in the wall of Central Park across Fifth Avenue from today’s Frick Museum at 70th Street. Karl Bitter (December 6, 1867 – April 9, 1915) was an Austrian born United States sculptor best known for his architectural sculpture, memorials and residential work. ... Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park and Prospect Park in New York City. ... The City Beautiful movement was a Progressive reform movement in North American architecture and urban planning that flourished in the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environments. ... The Municipal Art Society is an arts organization on Madison Avenue in New York City (USA), which deals with public art in the city. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres or 3. ... Andrew Haswell Green or Andrew H. Green (1820 - November 13, 1903) was an U.S. civic leader and major player in the development of New York City. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Daniel Chester French Signature, Daniel Chester French (April 20, 1850 – October 7, 1931) was an American sculptor. ... Prices Château Frontenac in Québec City Bruce Price (Cumberland, Maryland 1845 – 1902) was the architect of many of the Canadian Pacific Railways Chateau-type stations and hotels. ... Holbeins portrait of Thomas More is one of the hightlights of the Frick Collection. ...


Residential Works

Biltmore Estate, Asheville, North Carolina
Biltmore Estate, Asheville, North Carolina

Harry Bowly Hollins (1854 – February 24, 1938) was an American financier, banker, and railroad magnate. ... William Kissam Vanderbilt (December 12, 1849 – July 22, 1920) was a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family. ... Marble House, Newport, Rhode Island. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Ochre Court, Salves administrative building Salve Regina University is a university in Newport, Rhode Island. ... Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont (November 12, 1858 - June 10, 1908) was a wealthy American socialite and Congressman. ... Belcourt Castle is the former summer cottage of Oliver Hazard Perry Belmont, located in Newport, Rhode Island. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Vanderbilt University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in Nashville, Tennessee. ... Biltmore House is a French Renaissance-inspired chateau near Asheville, North Carolina, built by George Washington Vanderbilt II between 1888 and 1895. ... Asheville City Hall. ... Cornelius Vanderbilt II (November 27, 1843 – September 12, 1899) was a member of the prominent United States Vanderbilt family. ... The Breakers is a Vanderbilt mansion located on Ochre Point Avenue, Newport, Rhode Island, on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Newport is a city in Newport County, Rhode Island, about 30 miles (48 km) south of Providence. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Richard Morris Hunt File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran Richard Morris Hunt File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

References:

    1. ^ Miller, Sara Cedar: Central Park, An American Masterpiece p. 57. Harry N. Abrams, Inc, 2003 ISBN 0-8109-3946-0.
  • ^ [[1]] History of the Municipal Art Society (official site)
  • Baker, Paul, Richard Morris Hunt, MIT Press, 1980
  • Stein, Susan Editor, The Architecture of Richard Morris Hunt , University of Chicago Press, 1986
  • Kvaran. Einar Einarsson, Architectural Sculpture of America

  Results from FactBites:
 
William Morris Hunt - LoveToKnow 1911 (613 words)
WILLIAM MORRIS HUNT (1824-1879), American painter, was born at Brattleboro, Vermont, on the 31st of March 1824.
Hunt was drowned at the Isles of Shoals on the 8th of September 1879.
His brother, Richard Morris Hunt (1828-1895), the famous architect, was born in Brattleboro, iVermont, on the 31st of October 1828.
Brian Smith's Homepage (3535 words)
Richard Morris Hunt, shown in illustration one, was born in 1828 in Brattleboro, Vermont.
Richard Morris Hunt died in 1895, shortly after completely construction on the Biltmore Estate and The Breakers in Newport, and was buried in Newport’s Island Cemetery.
Richard Morris Hunt’s great American castles located in the forests outside of Asheville, North Carolina and on the shores of the Atlantic Ocean in Newport, Rhode Island will stand proud for years to come as representatives of a time when wealth was more than just a symbol of status.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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