FACTOID # 3: South Carolina has the highest rate of violent crimes and aggravated assaults per capita among US states.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Richard Kramer

The Honorable Richard A. Kramer was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on July 22, 1947 and graduated from the University of Southern California Law School in 1972 as a Doctor of Jurisprudence, following a Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude degree in political science in 1969. He was appointed to the San Fransisco superior court by governor Pete Wilson in 1996. Prior to this appointment, he was a civil litigator representing the banking industry. [1] Kramer has been recognized for his ability to handle many complex cases, leading to California's Judicial Council to appoint him as the same-sex "Marriage Cases" coordinator. Seal of Brookline, MA Brookline is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts. ... July 22 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The University of Southern California (also known as USC, SC, Southern Cal, and Southern California), Southern Californias oldest private research university, is located in the urban center of Los Angeles, California. ... Law school is the term used in the United States to indicate an institution where future lawyers obtain legal degrees, mainly teaching using the Socratic method. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... J.D. is an abbreviation for the Latin Juris Doctor, also called a Doctor of Law or Doctorate of Jurisprudence, and is the law degree typically awarded by an accredited U.S. law school after successfully completing three years of post-graduate law study. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B., from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... Headline text Bold text Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ... This article is about academic degrees. ... Niccolò Machiavelli, ca 1500, became the key figure in realistic political theory, crucial to political science Political science is an academic and research discipline that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. ... 1969 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... This article is about the city in California. ... In law, and more specifically, in the Anglo-American common law legal tradition, a superior court is a court of general jurisdiction over all, or major, civil and criminal cases. ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... Pete Wilson Peter Barton Wilson (born August 23, 1933) is an American Republican politician from California. ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Gay Marriage Case and Response

Kramer made headlines [2] [3] in March 2005 when he struck down Proposition 22, a California ballot initiative defining marriage as between a man and a woman on the grounds that it denies the "basic human right to marry a person of one's choice." In his decision, he pointed out the "obvious natural and social reality that one does not have to be married in order to procreate, nor does one have to procreate in order to be married” and that "California's enactment of rights for same-sex couples belies any argument that the State would have a legitimate interest in denying marriage," concluding that "there is no rational state interest in denying them the rites of marriage as well." March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... California Proposition 22, known also as Prop 22, was a proposition proposed and passed in 2000 that barred Californias recognition of same-sex marriage. ... In political science, the initiative (also known as popular or citizens initiative) provides a means by which a petition signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote on a proposed statute, constitutional amendment, charter amendment, or ordinance. ... Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals (termed spouses -- a male spouse is a husband and a female spouse, a wife) that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Official languages English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


According to a San Francisco Chronicle news article[4], "A crucial point of the ruling was the judge's conclusion that the marriage law amounts to sex discrimination, a finding that is enough to overturn virtually any California law under the state's strict constitutional standard. The law makes "the gender of the intended spouse ... the sole determining factor" of the legality of a marriage, Kramer said; he said claims by the law's defenders that the law treats men and women equally were no more valid than earlier claims that anti-interracial marriage laws treated whites and blacks equally." The San Francisco Chronicle, the self-described Voice of the West, is Northern Californias largest newspaper. ... To discriminate is to make a distinction. ...


The decision will have no immediate effect during the appeals process. California governor Arnold Schwarzenegger supports the status quo of domestic partnership rights, but has said that he will abide by the state Supreme Court's decision and not push any constitutional amendment to override the courts. A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... Arnold Schwarzenegger 38th Governor of California Shown here as Governor of California, with the gubernatorial seal in the background. ... Domestic partner or domestic partnership identifies the personal relationship between individuals who are living together and sharing a common domestic life together but are not joined in any type of legal partnership, marriage or civil union. ... The supreme court in some countries, provinces, and states, is the highest court in that jurisdiction and functions as a court of last resort whose rulings cannot be appealed. ... A constitutional amendment is an alteration to the constitution of a nation or a state. ...


Kramer, in the words of a National Review editorial[5], "finds the law's definition of marriage as the union of a man and a woman not just wrong or outdated but irrational... He has never heard of a possible reason to regard marriage as a male-female union. That view of marriage... cannot survive even the lowest level of scrutiny a judge can bring to bear on a statute." National Review argued, "This kind of pseudo-rationalism would undermine any marriage law at all" because not all marriages fulfill the roles for which they were designed. The magazine considers the decision to be anti-democratic judicial activism. "There is no plausible argument that any provision of the state constitution was originally understood to require same-sex marriage," argues the editorial. National Review (NR) is a conservative political magazine founded by author William F. Buckley, Jr. ... The phrases judicial activism and activist judges in the United States, Australia, Canada and other countries with common law systems, are political epithets that refer to judges who are alleged to exceed their authority. ... Same-sex marriage is marriage between individuals who are of the same legal or biological sex. ... An editorial is a statement or article by a news organization (generally a newspaper) that expresses an opinion rather than attempting to simply report news. ...


Andrew Sullivan concedes that the decision was judicial activism, with which he is somewhat uncomfortable. Nevertheless, he applauded the decision in his blog, noting: Andrew Sullivan Andrew Sullivan (born August 10, 1963) is an Anglo-American journalist and intellectual, known both for his heterodox personal-political identity (HIV-positive, gay, libertarian/conservative and Catholic) and for his pioneering efforts in the field of weblog journalism. ... The first use of the term weblog. ...

"when state constitutions insist upon it, you have to have a much stronger argument to keep a minority disenfranchised than the current anti-marriage forces have been able to marshall. Tradition? So was the ban on inter-racial marriage. Procreation? Non-procreative straight couples can get civil licenses. The potential collapse of civilization? Impossible to prove or even argue convincingly. Once you have accepted that there is no moral difference between homosexuality and heterosexuality, the arguments against same-sex marriage collapse. And since the only coherent moral difference is the likelihood of non-procreative sex, and that is now the norm in traditional heterosexual civil marriage, there is no moral case against allowing gay couples to have civil marriage. The rest is fear and prejudice and religious conviction. None should have a place as a legal argument in the courts."

Sullivan also noted: "Kramer is not a radical. He's a Catholic Republican appointed by a former Republican governor." Miscegenation describes humans of different races producing offspring; the direct use of this term thus supposes that the category race is meaningful when applied to the human species. ... a practice generally done by one named Roberto Soto ... Heterosexuality refers to a set of genetic, chemical and behavioral conditions which lead to an overall attraction to members of the opposite sex in an erotic manner. ... Fishers of men; Oil on panel by Adriaen van de Venne (1614) Religion—sometimes used interchangeably with faith or belief system—is commonly defined as belief concerning the supernatural, sacred, or divine, and the moral codes, practices, values, and institutions associated with such belief. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party [1]), is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ...


Finally, Sullivan counters the argument that the decision undermines all marriage law thus:

"No one is using any of these actual, not-always-present aspects of civil marriage to deny anyone's right to marry. No one, so far as I know, is saying that we should bar couples from civil marriages because they are not in love or not cohabiting or any other criterion. But they are saying that couples [that] do not or cannot procreate should be barred from marriage - on those grounds alone. All Kramer is saying is that current marriage laws have no such exception, and that using that exception to exclude one group of non-procreative couples (the gay ones) rather than another non-procreative group (the straight ones) makes no logical sense. Especially when many lesbian (and some gay ones) marriages have biological children, and some straight ones have adopted kids."

Look up gay in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Until several decades ago, the word gay meant something like jolly or mirthful. In contemporary usage, however, that meaning is unusual; the term is usually synonymous with homosexual. ... A lesbian is a homosexual woman. ...

See Also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Richard Kramer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (683 words)
The Honorable Richard A. Kramer was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on July 22, 1947 and graduated from the University of Southern California Law School in 1972 as a Doctor of Jurisprudence, following a Bachelor of Arts, magna cum laude degree in political science in 1969.
Kramer, in the words of a National Review editorial [5], "finds the law's definition of marriage as the union of a man and a woman not just wrong or outdated but irrational...
All Kramer is saying is that current marriage laws have no such exception, and that using that exception to exclude one group of non-procreative couples (the gay ones) rather than another non-procreative group (the straight ones) makes no logical sense.
Complaint: SEC v. John S. Kramer, et al. (5873 words)
John Kramer knew, or was reckless in not knowing, that the information concerning Justin conveyed by Jeffrey Kramer was nonpublic and confidential, and that the disclosure of information by Jeffrey Kramer to him was improper and in breach of fiduciary duties owed by Jeffrey Kramer to ICA and First Union.
Richard Pulling knew, or was reckless in not knowing, that the information concerning Justin conveyed by Jeffrey Kramer was nonpublic and confidential, and that disclosure of this information by Jeffrey Kramer to him was improper and in breach of fiduciary duties owed by Jeffrey Kramer to ICA and First Union.
Richard Pulling knew, or was reckless in not knowing, that the information concerning Republic conveyed by Jeffrey Kramer was nonpublic and confidential, and that disclosure of this information by Jeffrey Kramer to him was improper and in breach of fiduciary duties owed by Jeffrey Kramer to ICA and First Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m