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Encyclopedia > Richard Gregg

Richard Bartlett Gregg (1885-1974) was an American social philosopher said to be "the first American to develop a substantial theory of nonviolent resistance" and an influence on the thinking of Martin Luther King, Jr and civil-rights theorist Bayard Rustin. [1]. 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Nonviolent resistance (or nonviolent action) is the practice of applying power to achieve socio-political goals through symbolic protests, economic or political noncooperation, civil disobedience and other methods, without using violence. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Bayard Rustin at news briefing on the Civil Rights March on Washington, August 27, 1963 Bayard Rustin (March 17, 1912 – August 24, 1987) was an African-American civil rights activist, important largely behind the scenes in the civil rights movement of the 1960s and earlier and principal organizer of the...


Gregg traveled to India in the 1920s to learn about the culture and to seek out Gandhi. His publications include Gandhiji's Satyagraha or non-violent resistance, published in 1930, and The Power of Non-Violence, from 1934. His revision, The Power of Non-Violence (1960) included a foreword by King. The book was republished in several other editions, including a Swedish translation in 1936 (as Den nya maktfaktorn: motstånd utan våld). Gregg was also author of other books, including The Compass of Civilization, and the essay The Value of Voluntary Simplicity (Wallingford, PA: Pendle Hill, 1936), a philosophical essay on the need and benefits of living more simply. He coined the term "voluntary simplicity". Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948) (Devanagari: मोहनदास करमचन्द गांधी, Gujarati મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી), called... Voluntary simplicity (or simple living) is a lifestyle considered by its adherents to be a sustainable, ecologically sensitive alternative to the typical, western consumerist lifestyle. ...


References

The Journal of American History (sometimes abbreviated as JAH), is the official journal of the Organization of American Historians. ... The humanities are those academic disciplines which study the human condition using methods that are largely analytic, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural and social sciences. ...

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Gregg critical disclosure (3919 words)
Gregg’s interest in the psychology of rhetoric was part of a larger concern that emerged early in his work--that human beings are not, cannot be, and should not expect to be as “rational” in their rhetorical behaviors as an Aristotelian argumentative perspective assumes.
Gregg argued that protest rhetoric is certainly rhetoric, but not “as we usually understand it,” since, though it is couched in terms of demands and grievances, it is directed to authority figures “only indirectly, if at all, and programmatic concerns become incidental to more personal functions” (p.
Gregg’s growing sense of the importance of a phenomenological approach, which emphasized contrasting and converging frames of reference, led him to see that the various participants in the rhetorical event—Vandenburg, the press, the administration—brought to it differing intentions, expectations, and perceptions.
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