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Encyclopedia > Richard E. Byrd

Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, USN (October 25, 1888March 11, 1957) was a pioneering American polar explorer and famous aviator. The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... 1888 is a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... 11 March is the 70th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (71st in Leap year). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents


Biography

Richard Evelyn Byrd was born into one of Virginia's First Familieson October, 25, 1888. A descendent of William Byrd II of Westover Plantation (founder of Richmond, Virginia), his brother was Harry Flood Byrd who became a Governor of Virginia and U.S. Senator. This is an informal association of people who can trace their ancestry to the original Virginian colonists from England who landed in Jamestown in 1607. ... William Byrd II (1674-1744) was born at Westover, Virginia, and educated in England for the law. ... Westover Plantation is located on the north bank of the James River in Charles City County, Virginia. ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ... Harry Flood Byrd, Sr. ... Tim Kaine, the current Governor The Governor of Virginia serves as the chief executive of the Commonwealth of Virginia for a four-year term. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ...


Richard E. Byrd attended the University of Virginia before financial circumstances inspired his transfer and graduation from the United States Naval Academy in 1912. He learned to fly in World War I during his tour with the United States Navy. He developed a passion for flight, and pioneered many techniques for navigating airplanes over the open ocean including drift indicators and bubble sextants. His expertise in this area resulted in his appointment to plan the flight path for the U.S. Navy's 1919 transatlantic crossing. Of the three flying boats that attempted it, only Albert Read's aircraft the NC-4 completed the trip; becoming the first ever transatlantic flight. Website Virginia. ... The United States Naval Academy (USNA) is an institution for the undergraduate education of officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps and is located in Annapolis, Maryland. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Combatants Entente Powers Central Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties > 5 million military deaths > 3 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War I, also known as the First World War and (before 1939) the Great War, the War of the Nations, War to End All Wars was a world... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... For the similarly named rock band, see TransAtlantic. ... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ... Albert Cushing Read (29 March 1887 - 10 October 1967) was a United States aviator and Rear Admiral in the United States Navy. ... The NC-4 was the first aircraft to fly across the Atlantic Ocean. ...

Bust of Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd at McMurdo Station.
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Bust of Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd at McMurdo Station.

Download high resolution version (600x894, 47 KB)Bust of Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd at McMurdo Station. ... Download high resolution version (600x894, 47 KB)Bust of Rear Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd at McMurdo Station. ...

Attempt to fly over the North Pole, 1926

On May 9, 1926, Byrd and Floyd Bennett attempted a flight over the North Pole. They claimed to have achieved the pole, however subsequent evidence from their diaries and mechanical analysis of their plane confirmed by the Norwegian-American aviator and explorer Bernt Balchen has cast significant doubt on their claim. Nonetheless, this trip earned Byrd widespread acclaim, enabling him to secure funding for subsequent attempts on the South Pole. May 9 is the 129th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (130th in leap years). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Floyd Bennett (25 October 1890 – 25 April 1928) was an aviator who flew with Richard E. Byrd to the North Pole in 1926. ... The Norwegian-Americans are an ethnic group in the United States. ... Bernt Balchen, D.F.C., (23 October 1899 – 17 October 1973), was a Norwegian-American polar (and general) aviation pioneer. ...


Trans-Atlantic Flight, 1927

Byrd and three other, Bernt Balchen, Bert Acosta, and George Noville, flew the 'America' from New York City on June 29th, 1927, to Paris on July 1st, 1927. Bernt Balchen, D.F.C., (23 October 1899 – 17 October 1973), was a Norwegian-American polar (and general) aviation pioneer. ... Bert Acosta (1895-1954) in 1927 Bert Acosta (1895-1954) in New Bridgeport Telegram, Bridgeport, CT, September 02, 1954 Obituary in New Bridgeport Telegram, Bridgeport, CT, September 02, 1954 Bertrand Blanchard Acosta (January 1, 1895 - September 1, 1954) was an aviator who flew in the Spanish Civil War and was... A Dutch-built tri-motor Fokker VII monoplane, the America was flown in 1927 by Richard E. Byrd, Bernt Balchen, George Noville, and Bert Acosta across the Atlantic Ocean. ... New York City portal The Empire State Building (right) and the Chrysler Building (left) are easily recognized symbols of New York City to the world. ... 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ...


First Antarctic expedition, 1928-1930

In 1928, Byrd began his first expedition to the Antarctic involving two ships and three airplanes. A base camp was constructed on the Ross Ice Shelf and scientific expeditions by dog-sled, snowmobile, and airplane began. Photographic expeditions and geological surveys were undertaken for the duration of that summer, and constant radio communications were maintained with the outside world. After their first winter their expeditions were resumed and on November 29, 1929 the famous flight to the South Pole was launched. Byrd, along with pilot Bernt Balchen co-pilot / radioman Harold June and photographer Ashley McKinley flew the Floyd Bennett to the South Pole and back in 18 hours, 41 minutes. They had difficulty gaining altitude, and had to dump empty gas tanks as well as their emergency supplies in order to achieve the altitude of the Polar Plateau. However, the flight was successful, and entered Byrd into the history books. After a further summer of exploration, the expedition returned to America on June 18, 1930. 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Ross Ice Shelf in 1997 Ross Ice Shelf with Royal Society Range in the background, 1999 (NOAA) The Ross Ice Shelf (81°30′S 175°00′W) is the largest ice shelf of Antarctica (an area of half a million square kilometres, and about 800 km across: about the size... Dog sled A dog sled (or dogsled) is a sled pulled by one or more dogs used to travel over ice and through snow. ... A snowmobile tour at Yellowstone National Park, note the snowdust in the air (NPS Photo) A snowmobile (or snow scooter, often referred to by enthusiasts as a sled and in the Canadian north and Alaska as a snowmachine) is a land vehicle propelled by one or two rubber tracks, with... Fixed-wing aircraft is a term used to refer to what are more commonly known as aeroplanes in Commonwealth English (excluding Canada) or airplanes in North American English. ... November 29 is the 333rd (in leap years the 334th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Bernt Balchen, D.F.C., (23 October 1899 – 17 October 1973), was a Norwegian-American polar (and general) aviation pioneer. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


Byrd's later Antarctic expeditions

Byrd undertook three more expeditions to the South Pole from 193335, 193941 and 194647. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


On the first, in 1934, he spent five winter months alone operating a meteorological station, Advance Base, from which he narrowly escaped with his life after suffering carbon monoxide poisoning from a poorly-ventilated stove. Unusual radio transmissions from Byrd finally began to alarm the men at the base camp, who then attempted to go to Advance Base. The first two trips were a failure due to darkness, snow, and mechanical troubles. Finally, Dr. Thomas Poulter, E.J. Demas and Amory Waite arrived at advanced base, where they found Byrd in poor physical health. The men remained at advanced base until October 12 when an airplane from the base camp picked up Dr. Poulter and Byrd. The rest of the men returned to base camp with the tractor. 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Satellite image of Hurricane Hugo with a polar low visible at the top of the image. ... Carbon monoxide, chemical formula CO, is a colourless, odourless, tasteless, flammable and highly toxic gas. ... He is the creator of the antarctic snow cruiser, was second in command on the Second Byrd Antarctic Mission to the South Pole with Richard E. Byrd, and later worked at the Stanford Research Institute. ...


The third culminating expedition, Operation Highjump, was the largest Antarctic expedition to date. Operation Highjump was a United States Navy operation in Antarctica from 1946-47, the largest effort in the southmost continent to this day. ...


Byrd also commanded Operation Deep Freeze, which established permanent Antarctic bases at McMurdo Sound, the Bay of Whales and the South Pole in 1955, accompanied by Andrew Van Mincey, for whom Mincey Glacier is named. Operation Deep Freeze I was the codename for a series of scientific expeditions to Antarctica in 1955–56. ... Categories: Antarctica geography stubs | Geography of Antarctica | Ross Dependency ... The Bay of Whales (78º30´S 164º20´W) is an iceport indenting the front of Ross Ice Shelf just northward of Roosevelt Island. ... Location of the South Pole in the Antarctic continent. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Awards and decoration

By the time Richard Byrd died on March 12, 1957, he had amassed twenty-two citations and special commendations, nine of which were for bravery and two for extraordinary heroism in saving the lives of others. As well he earned the Medal of Honor, the Congressional Life Saving Medal, the Navy Distinguished Service Medal, the Distinguished Flying Cross, the Navy Cross and three ticker-tape parades. He preferred to dwell on the substance of his global adventures, and the stories of those that had gone awry as lessons learned. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ... The Distinguished Flying Cross. ... The Navy Cross The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps. ... Ticker-tape parade in New York City in honor of the Apollo 11 astronauts, August 1969 A ticker-tape parade is a parade event, held in a downtown urban setting, allowing the jettison of large amounts of shredded paper products from nearby office buildings onto the parade route, creating a...


In 1927, the City of Richmond dedicated the Richard Evelyn Byrd Flying Field, now Richmond International Airport, in Henrico County, Virginia. 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: River City Motto: Sic Itur Ad Astra Official website: http://www. ... Aerial Photo Richmond International Airport is an airport located in Sandston, Virginia, an unincorporated community within Henrico County which is about 5 miles (8 km) east of Richmond. ... Location in the state of Virginia Formed 1634 Seat Richmond Area  - Total  - Water 634 km² (245 mi²) 17 km² (7 mi²) 2. ...


Mount_Byrd on Ross Island, Antarctica and Lunar crater Byrd are named after him. Mount Byrd (77°10′S 144°38′W) is a mountain (810 m) located 1 mile (1. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Byrd is an irregular crater that is located near the north pole of the Moon. ...


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