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Encyclopedia > Riau Islands

The Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau (Kepri for short) or sometimes Riau Kepulauan in Bahasa Indonesia) are a province and a group of islands in Indonesia, located south of Singapore, off the eastern coast of Riau province on Sumatra island. They were split off as a separate province in July 2004 with Tanjung Pinang as its capital. Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia) is the official language of Indonesia and a remarkable language in several ways. ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Detailed map of Riau Map of Riau, province of Indonesia on Sumatra Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ...


By size and population the most important Riau islands/archipelago are Bintan, Batam, Karimun, Anambas and Natuna. Bintan Island or Negeri Segantang Lada is an island of 1,866 square kilometer making part of the Riau Islands province of Indonesia. ... Batam is one of the islands in the Riau Islands province of Indonesia, 415 km², with about 600,000 inhabitants, of whom about 85% are of Indonesian origin and 14% are Chinese. ... Karimun is one of the islands in the Riau Islands province of Indonesia. ... Anambas archipelago (Kepulauan Anambas in Indonesian) is a small archipelago of Indonesia, located in the South China Sea between east and west Malaysia, Singapore. ... The Natuna Islands are a small archipelago of Indonesia, located in the South China Sea between east and west Malaysia, Kalimantan and Singapore. ...


language

The official standard for Malay, as agreed upon by Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei, is Bahasa Riau, the language of the Riau Archipelago, long considered the birthplace of the Malay language. The Malay language, also known locally as Bahasa Melayu, is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who are native to the Malay peninsula, southern Thailand, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, and parts of the coast of Borneo. ...


history

From the Srivijaya time until 16th century, Riau was a natural part of greater malay kingdoms or Sultanate, in the heart of what is often called the Malay World from eastern Sumatra until Borneo. The malay-related Orang Laut tribes inhabited the islands and formed the backbone of most malay kingdoms from Srivijaya to Sultanate of Johor for the control of the trade routes going trhough the straits. Srivijaya (-sri meaning glitters or radiant, -jaya meaning success or excellence) was an ancient kingdom based on the island of Sumatra which influenced much of the Malay Archipelago. ... The Malay World or Nusantara refers to the Malay cultural and linguistic sphere of influence, covering the archipelago of modern-day Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and East Timor. ... Some factual claims in this article or section need to be verified. ... The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ...


After the fall of Melaka in 1511, the Riau islands became the center of political power of the mighty Sultanate of Johor or Riau-Johor, based on Bintan island, and was for long considered the center of malay culture. Malacca is also the name of the largest village on Car Nicobar, the northernmost of the Nicobar Islands. ... The Johor Empire begins after the fall of the Melaka to the Portuguese. ... Bintan Island or Negeri Segantang Lada is an island of 1,866 square kilometer making part of the Riau Islands province of Indonesia. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ...


But political history of the region changed the fate of Riau as a political, cultural or economic center when European powers struggled to control the regional trade routes and took advantage of political weaknesses within the Sultanate.


Singapore island, that had been for centuries part of the same greater malay kingdoms and sultanates, and under direct control of the Sultan of Johor, came under control of the British, who later also controlled most of today Malaysia.


The creation of a European controlled territory in the heart of the Riau-Johor natural boundaries broke the sultanate in two parts, destroying the cultural and political unity that had existed for centuries. The later agreements consolidated this separation, with the British basically controlling all territories north of Singapore, and the Dutch controlling territories from Riau until Java. Map of Java Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...


When the European powers withdrew from the region, the new independent governments had to reorganize and find balance after inheriting 400 years of colonial boundaries. Before finding their current status, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Borneo territories struggled and even came into military conflict against each other, and the Riau islands once again found itself in the middle of regional struggle like the Konfrontasi. The Indonesia-Malaysia confrontation was an intermittent war over the future of the island of Borneo, between British-backed Malaysia and Indonesia in 1962-1966. ...


But the once strong cultural unity of the region with Riau in the heart of it never returned, and the line drawn by the British in 1819 remained, this time marking the divide between three new countries as of 1965: Singapore, the Malaysian federation in the north, and Indonesia in the South.


It is those new countries, however, which created back unity in the Riau world for the first time after 150 years with the creation of the Sijori Growth Triangle. The SIJORI growth triangle is a partnership arrangement between Singapore, Johore (in Malaysia), and Riau (in Indonesia) that combines the competitive strengths of the three areas to make the subregion more attractive to regional and international investors. ...


But while bringing back some economical wealth to Riau, the Sijori Growth Triangle somewhat further broke the cultural unity within the islands. With Batam island receiving most of the industrial investments and dramatically developping into a regional industrial center, it attracted hundred of thousands of non-malay indonesian migrants, changing forever the demographical balance in the archipelago. Batam is one of the islands in the Riau Islands province of Indonesia, 415 km², with about 600,000 inhabitants, of whom about 85% are of Indonesian origin and 14% are Chinese. ...


Today the name of Riau merely refers to this administrative region of Indonesia, a free trade zone heavily supported by Indonesian, Singaporean and international investments.


Provinces of Indonesia Flag of Indonesia
Sumatra (Sumatera):

DI Aceh | North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) | West Sumatra (Sumatera Barat) | Bengkulu | Riau | Riau Islands (Kepulauan Riau) | Jambi | South Sumatra (Sumatera Selatan) | Lampung | Bangka-Belitung The number of provinces of Indonesia has tended to increase as new provinces have been split from existing territories. ... Large flag of Indonesia Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest part of Indonesia. ... Aceh (pronounced Ah-chay) is a special territory (daerah istimewa, or special area) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Map of North Sumatra province within Indonesia North Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera Utara) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Motto: Tuah Sakato. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map of Indonesia showing Riau province Detailed map of Riau Map of Riau, province of Indonesia on Sumatra Riau is a province of Indonesia, located in the center of Sumatra island. ... Map showing Jambi province in Indonesia Map of Jambi Jambi is a province of Indonesia located on the east coast of central Sumatra, which contains a city also named Jambi, located at 1°35′ S 103°37′ E. The population of the province is 2,400,940 (2000 census). ... Map of South Sumatra province in Indonesia South Sumatra or Sumatera Selatan is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Map showing Lampung province in Indonesia Lampung is a province of Indonesia, located on the southern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... Map showing Bangka-Belitung province in Indonesia Bangka-Belitung is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ...

Java (Jawa):

DKI Jaya | West Java (Jawa Barat) | Banten | Central Java (Jawa Tengah) | DI Yogyakarta | East Java (Jawa Timur) Map of Java Java (Indonesian: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Map of Indonesia showing Jakarta Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta, formerly known as Batavia) is the capital and the largest city of Indonesia, located on the northwest coast of the island of Java, at 6°11′ S 106°50′ E. It has an area of 650 km² and a... Map showing West Java in Indonesia West Java (Jawa Barat) is a province of Indonesia, located on the island of Java. ... Map showing Banten within Indonesia Banten is one of the provinces of Indonesia and located at the western end of the island of Java. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Yogyakarta, Indonesia Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Map showing East Java within Indonesia East Java (Indonesian: Jawa Timur) is one of Indonesias 32 provinces. ...

Kalimantan:

West Kalimantan (Kalimantan Barat) | Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah) | South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) | East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur) Map of Kalimantan Kalimantan is the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. ... Map of Indonesia showing West Kalimantan province West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat) is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map of Indonesia showing East Kalimantan province Kalimantan Timur, or East Kalimantan, is one of the provinces of Indonesia. ...

The Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara):

Bali | West Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Barat) | East Nusa Tenggara (Nusa Tenggara Timur) Categories: Islands of Indonesia | Southeast Asia geography stubs | Indonesia geography stubs ... Topography Map showing Bali within Indonesia Sunset at Jimbaran Beach, Bali Young Balinese Dancers Bali rice terraces Balis Sanur Beach Statue of Dewi Sri — Ubud, Bali Bali is an Indonesian island. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ...

Sulawesi:

West Sulawesi (Sulawesi Barat) | North Sulawesi (Sulawesi Utara) | Central Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tengah) | South Sulawesi (Sulawesi Selatan) | South East Sulawesi (Sulawesi Tenggara) | Gorontalo Flag of same Map of Sulawesi pictures by Julianto Halim Sulawesi (or Celebes) is a large Indonesian island. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Indonesias provinces located in the heart of Sulawesi Island. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ...

The Maluku Islands and New Guinea (Irian):

Maluku | North Maluku (Maluku Utara) | West Irian Jaya (Irian Jaya Barat) | Papua The Maluku Islands (also known as the Moluccas, Moluccan Islands or simply Maluku) are an archipelago in Indonesia, and part of the larger Malay Archipelago. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... Map showing West Irian Jaya province in Indonesia West Irian Jaya (Indonesian: Irian Jaya Barat) is a province of Indonesia on the western end of the island of New Guinea. ... Map showing Papua province in Indonesia Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ...


 
 

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