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Encyclopedia > Rhythm section

Rhythm section refers to the musicians whose primary jobs in a jazz or popular music band or ensemble is to establish the rhythm of a song or musical piece, often via repeated riffs or ostinati. "Rhythm Section" may also refer to the instruments in this group. A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory and marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... Popular music is music belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the general public and mostly distributed commercially. ... In music, a band is a group of musicians, or musical ensemble, usually popular or folk, playing parts of a musical arrangement. ... The word ensemble can refer to a musical ensemble an ensemble cast (drama) a statistical ensemble in mathematical physics, for example a thermodynamic ensemble a quantum ensemble a fluid mechanical ensemble a Climate Ensemble ensemble forecasting (meteorology) ensemble averaging a distribution ensemble (maths) a neural ensemble a DAB ensemble Ensemble... // Rhythm (Greek ρυθμός = tempo) is the variation of the duration of sounds or other events over time. ... A song is a relatively short musical composition for the human voice (possibly accompanied by other musical instruments), which features words (lyrics). ... In music, a riff is an ostinato figure: a repeated chord progression, pattern or melodic figure, often played by the rhythm section instruments, that forms the basis or accompaniment of a rock music or jazz composition. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ...


A non-musician might call the rhythm section 'background music'. However, their importance is much greater than that.


In theory (and sometimes in practice) any instrument or instruments can provide a steady rhythm (listen to Jimmy Giuffre's clarinet-valve trombone-guitar trio of the late 1950s for example), and "rhythm" instruments often take featured solos, especially in jazz. James Peter Giuffre (born in Dallas, Texas, 1921) is an American jazz saxophone and clarinet player. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory and marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ...


However, certain instruments are generally part of a rhythm section: The drum set and bass guitar (or sometimes double bass) are usually the critical. Chordal instruments such as rhythm guitar, (sometimes Banjo), piano or other keyboard instruments,(such as the electric piano) and vibraphone are often used, as well as auxiliary percussion and/or other instruments. These other instruments are usually not prime contributors to the rhythm section. An extended 4-piece drum kit A drum kit (or drum set or trap set - the latter an old-fashioned term) is a collection of drums, cymbals and other percussion instruments arranged for convenient playing by a sole percussionist (drummer), usually for jazz, rock, or other types of contemporary music. ... Martin EB18 Bass Guitar in flight case The electric bass guitar (also called electric bass or simply bass) is an electrically amplified plucked string instrument. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... Fingering for a C-major trichord on a guitar in standard tuning (assuming all six strings are played). ... Rhythm guitar is a kind of guitar playing that provides accompaniment for a singer or other instruments. ... Old 6-string zither banjo For other uses, see Banjo (disambiguation) The banjo is a stringed instrument of African American origin, early or original examples sometimes being called the gourd banjo. Its name is commonly thought to be derived from the Kimbundu term mbanza. ... A grand piano, with the lid up. ... Piano, a well-known instance of keyboard instruments A keyboard instrument is any musical instrument played using a musical keyboard. ... An electric piano (e-piano) is an electric musical instrument whose popularity was at its greatest during the 1960s and 1970s. ... A typical Ludwig-Musser vibraphone. ... A percussion instrument can be any object which produces a sound by being struck with an implement, shaken, rubbed, scraped, or by any other action which sets the object into vibration. ...


In some relatively uncommon instances, the lower octaves of a piano, organ, or electronic keyboard may substitute for bass guitar or double bass. One of the best known examples of this was keyboardist Ray Manzarek of The Doors. In the absence of a bassist, a keyboardist can also use a keyboard bass, or bass pedals that can be played with the feet. In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or 8va) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double the frequency. ... Organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany Modern style pipe organ at the concert hall of Aletheia University in Matou, Taiwan The organ is a keyboard instrument with one or more manuals, and usually a pedalboard. ... An electronic keyboard is a keyboard instrument which uses electricity to produce or amplify its sound. ... A keyboardist is a musician who plays keyboard instruments. ... Raymond Daniel Manzarek (born Raymond Daniel Manczarek to Helena and Raymond on February 12, 1939 in Chicago). ... The Doors, formed in 1965 in Los Angeles, is a popular and influential American rock band. ... Martin Mendez aka Bass Player, bassist for swedish metal band Opeth A bassist is a musician who plays a double bass or electric bass (also referred to as bass guitar). ... Keyboard bass The keyboard bass is, as its name suggests, a keyboard alternative for the bass guitar or double bass. ...


Some jazz bands use tuba or other low-pitched instruments in place of the more common double bass, either due to practical considerations (no bassist is available) or due to a preference for the alternative instrument. These substitute instruments sound different from a double bass or bass guitar, and can offer a unique quality. The tuba may be used as a means of evoking brass band sounds reminiscent of early jazz, such as New Orleans or Dixieland Swing. The tuba is the largest of the low-brass instruments and is one of the most recent additions to the modern symphony orchestra, first appearing in the mid-19th century, when it largely replaced the ophicleide. ... Side and front views of a modern double bass with a French bow. ... The Lochgelly Band, a Scottish colliery band, circa 1890 A brass band is a musical group consisting mostly of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Dixieland music is a style of jazz. ...


Another suggested origin of the term is that it refers to the ubiquity in jazz of rhythm changes, the chord progression of George and Ira Gershwin's "I've Got Rhythm" (1930), the claim being that backing musicians were so frequently called upon to improvise against these chord changes that they were eventually referred to as a "rhythm section". (This information putatively from a Keyboard magazine article from the mid-nineties.) Jazz is an original American musical art form originating around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in Western music technique and theory and marked by the profound cultural contributions of African Americans. ... In jazz, rhythm changes include the chord progression of George Gershwins song I Got Rhythm and its variations which are used to improvise over. ...


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Apple GarageBand Jam Pack: Rhythm Section | Sweetwater.com (394 words)
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