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Encyclopedia > Rhys ap Tewdwr

Rhys ap Tewdwr (9971093) was a Prince of Deheubarth in West Wales and member of the Dinefwr dynasty, a branch descended from Rhodri the Great. Events City of Gdansk is founded Saint Adalbert of Prague is sent to Prussia by Boleslaus I of Poland Samuil of Bulgaria crowned Tsar by Pope Gregory V The town of Trondheim is founded. ... // Events Donald III of Scotland comes to the throne of Scotland. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... Dinefwr was a local government district in Dyfed, Wales from 1974 to 1996. ... Rhodri the Great a. ...


He was born in present-day Carmarthenshire and died at Penrhys (Rhondda) Carmarthenshire (Welsh: ) is a one of thirteen historic counties and a principal area in Wales. ...

Contents

Lineage

Rhys ap Tewdwr claimed the throne of Deheubarth following the death of his second cousin Rhys ab Owain in battle against Caradog ap Gruffydd in 1075 or 1078. Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... Rhys ab Owain (died 1078) was a king of Deheubarth in southern Wales. ... Caradog ap Gruffydd (died 1081) was a prince of Gwent in south-east Wales who made repeated attempts to gain power over all of southern Wales by seizing Deheubarth. ... Events Romanesque church begun at Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain Anselm of Canterbury becomes abbot of Le Bec William the Conqueror ordered the White Tower to be built Births Deaths Categories: 1078 ...


He was a grandson of Cadell ab Einion ab Owain ab Hywel Dda.


Early rule

In 1081 Caradog ap Gruffydd invaded Deheubarth and drove Rhys to seek sanctuary in the St David's Cathedral. Events Corfu taken from Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, Italy Byzantine emperor Nicephorus III is overthrown by Alexius I Comnenus, ending the Middle Byzantine period and beginning the Comnenan dynasty Alexius I helps defend Albania from the Normans (the first recorded mention of Albania), but is defeated at the Battle... Caradog ap Gruffydd (died 1081) was a prince of Gwent in south-east Wales who made repeated attempts to gain power over all of southern Wales by seizing Deheubarth. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... St Davids Cathedral from the gatehouse St Davids Cathedral is situated in the tiny city of St Davids in Pembrokeshire. ...


Rhys however made an alliance with Gruffydd ap Cynan who was seeking to regain the throne of Gwynedd, and at the Battle of Mynydd Carn in the same year they defeated and killed Caradog ap Gruffydd and his allies Trahaearn ap Caradog of Gwynedd and Meilyr ap Rhiwallon. Gruffydd ap Cynan (c. ... Gwynedd is an administrative county in Wales, named after the old Kingdom of Gwynedd. ... Combatants Gruffydd ap Cynan, Rhys ap Tewdwr Trahaearn ap Caradog, Caradog ap Gruffydd Commanders Strength Casualties Unknown, said to be light Unknown, Trahaearn, Caradog and other notables killed {{{notes}}} The Battle of Mynydd Carn took place in 1081, as part of a dynastic struggle for control of the Welsh kingdoms... Caradog ap Gruffydd (died 1081) was a prince of Gwent in south-east Wales who made repeated attempts to gain power over all of southern Wales by seizing Deheubarth. ... Trahaearn ap Caradog (morto nel 1081) regnò sul Gwynedd dal 1075 al 1081. ...


Norman homage

The same year William the Conqueror visited Deheubarth, ostensibly on a pilgrimage to St David's, but with a major show of power as well, traversing the width of Wales, and it seems likely he came to an arrangement with Rhys, whereby Rhys paid him homage and was confirmed in possession of Deheubarth. Rhys paid William £40 a year for Deheubarth, ensuring good future relations with William that lasted until the end of his lifetime. Rhys was content as the arrangement meant that he only had to deal with the jealousy of his fellow Welsh princes. William I ( 1027 – September 9, 1087), was King of England from 1066 to 1087. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... St Davids (Welsh: Tyddewi) is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ...


Internal conflict

In 1088 Cadwgan ap Bleddyn of Powys attacked Deheubarth and forced Rhys to flee to Ireland. However Rhys returned later the same year with a fleet from Ireland and defeated the men of Powys in a battle in which two of Cadwgan's brothers, Madog and Rhiryd, were killed. Events Succession of Pope Urban II (1088-1099) Work begins on the third and largest church at Cluny Rebellion of 1088 against William II of England lead by Odo of Bayeux. ... Cadwgan ap Bleddyn (died 1111) was a prince of Powys in eastern Wales. ... Medieval kingdoms of Wales. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ...


In 1091 he faced another challenge in the form of an attempt to put Gruffydd, the son of Maredudd ab Owain, on the throne of Deheubarth. Rhys was able to defeat the rebels in a battle at St. Dogmaels, killing Gruffydd. Henry, son of William I attempted a coup against his brothers but failed to seize the English throne. ... Maredudd ab Owain (died 999) was a Prince of Gwynedd and of Deheubarth. ... St Dogmaels is close to Cardigan. ...


Death

Rhys was able to withstand the increasing Norman pressure following the end of William's reign in 1087 until 1093, when he was killed at Penrhys Rhondda by the Norman. He was engaged in the Battle of Hirwaun with the Normans at Hirwaun Common near (Aberdare). Upon defeat he fled the battle site through forestry and up over the mountain to Penrhys where he was eventually caught and beheaded. // Events Donald III of Scotland comes to the throne of Scotland. ... Rhondda Cynon Taff (Welsh: Rhondda Cynon Tâf) is a county borough in Glamorgan, South Wales. ... Norman conquests in red. ...


Marriage and issue

He was married to Gwladys verch Rhiwallon daughter of Rhiwallon ap Cynfyn of the Mathrafal dynasty of Powys, by whom he had two sons, Gruffydd and Hywel ap Rhys, and a daughter Nest. Mathrafal near Welshpool was the seat of the Kings and Princes of Powys probably from the 9th Century until its destruction in 1212 by Llywelyn ap Iorwerth of Gwynedd. ... Gruffydd ap Rhys c. ... Nest verch Rhys (died after 1136) was a princess of Deheubarth who was renowned for her beauty. ...


Gruffydd inherited some of Deheubarth, but Rhys' death led to the Normans taking over much of the kingdom, with Gruffydd ruling only a much smaller area. Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ...


Rhys's daughter, Nest verch Rhys, was a legendary beauty, sometimes known as the "Helen of Wales", as her abduction from her husband's castle at Cenarth Bychan started a civil war. Nest verch Rhys (died after 1136) was a princess of Deheubarth who was renowned for her beauty. ...


Owen Tudor and James A. Garfield were among those who claimed descent from Rhys ap Tewdwr. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... James Abram Garfield (November 19, 1831–September 19, 1881) was a major general in the United States Army, member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and the twentieth President of the United States. ...

Preceded by
Rhys ab Owain
Prince of Deheubarth
1078–1093
Succeeded by
Gruffydd ap Rhys

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Lord Rhys (658 words)
Immediate retaliation by Rhys and his kinsmen, an attempt to take Carmarthen in 1159, and a successful attack on Llandovery in 1162 pointed for Henry II a recurrent danger: the Welsh prince would not accept an enhanced Anglo-Norman presence in West Wales.
Ireland was a magnet for men from west Wales, and in particular for the sons and grandsons of Nest, daughter of Rhys ap Tewdwr.
As the 12th century drew to a close, Rhys was once again engaged in campaigning against the crown and the greater lords of the southern march, and at the same time he was deeply implicated in internal feuds among his kindred.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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