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Encyclopedia > Rhys ap Gruffydd
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Rhys ap Gruffydd (113228 April 1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth (South Wales) from 1155 until his death. Rhys was one of the more successful and powerful Welsh princes, but even he was forced to acknowledge English supremacy, and did so by accepting the title of "Lord" rather than "Prince" or "King", becoming The Lord Rhys (in Welsh, "Yr Arglwydd Rhys"). Events Diarmaid Mac Murrough has the abbey of Kildare in Ireland burned and the abbess raped. ... Jump to: navigation, search April 28 is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 247 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Amalric II succeeds Henry II of Champagne as king of Jerusalem. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... Jump to: navigation, search National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085... Events Frederick I Barbarossa crowned Holy Roman Emperor. ... Jump to: navigation, search National motto: Cymru am byth (Welsh: Wales for ever) Waless location within the UK Official languages English, Welsh Capital Cardiff Largest city Cardiff First Minister Rhodri Morgan Area  - Total Ranked 3rd UK 20,779 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 3rd UK 2,903,085... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ...

Contents


Early life

Rhys was the second son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, a prince of Deheubarth, and of Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd, a sister of Owain Gwynedd. He was probably born in Ireland. Both his parents died when he was around four years old, Gwenllian as a result of leading her husband's army into battle in his absence in 1136, Gruffydd himself on his return. His elder brother was Maredudd ap Gruffydd, and there were two younger brothers, Morgan and Maelgwn. He also had two older half-brothers, Anarawd and Cadell, and at least two sisters, Gwladus and Nest. Gruffydd ap Rhys c. ... Gwenllian (died 1136) was the daughter of the Welsh ruler Gruffydd ap Cynan (hence the sister of Owain Gwynedd), and the wife of Gruffydd ap Rhys, Prince of Deheubarth. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events Completion of the Saint Denis Basilica in Paris Peter Abelard writes the Historia Calamitatum, detailing his relationship with Heloise People of Novgorod rebel against the hereditary prince Vsevolod and depose him Births Amalric I of Jerusalem William of Newburgh, English historian (died 1198) Deaths November...


The leadership of the family was now taken up by Rhys' half-brother Anarawd ap Rhys. In 1143, when Rhys was eleven, Anarawd was slain by treachery by Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd, brother of Owain Gwynedd. king of Gwynedd. Owain punished Cadwaladr by depriving him of his lands in Ceredigion. Jump to: navigation, search Events Celestine II is elected pope. ... Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ...


First battles

Anarawd's brother Cadell ap Rhys now took over as head of the family. In 1146 Rhys is recorded fighting alongside his brothers Cadell and Maredudd in the capture by assault of the castle of Llanstephan, follwed by further attacks on the Normans in south Wales and the recapture of Ceredigion from Gwynedd in 1153. Events Saint Bernard of Clairvaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy First written mention of Bryansk. ... For other uses please see Ceredigion (disambiguation) Ceredigion is a county in Wales. ... Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ...


In 1151 Cadell had suffered injuries which left him unable to play an active role, and in 1153 he left on a pilgrimage to Rome. Maredudd died in 1155 leaving Rhys as sole ruler of Deheubarth. Events Ghazni is burned by the princes of Ghur Geoffrey of Anjou dies, and succeeded by his son Henry, aged 18. ... Events January 6 - Henry of Anjou arrives in England. ... Jump to: navigation, search City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1290 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,546,807 almost... Events Frederick I Barbarossa crowned Holy Roman Emperor. ... Jump to: navigation, search Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ...


Early reign

About this time Rhys came under pressure from Owain Gwynedd, who was seeking to take Ceredigion back. In response Rhys built Aberdyfi Castle. As ruler, he proceeded to challenge the new king of England, Henry II (reigned 11541189). Having successfully held out against Henry for a year or two, Rhys was forced to ask for terms and met the king in 1158. Rhys was stripped of Ceredigion and other territories which were returned to their previous Norman lords. Aberdyfi Castle, is a castle located near Glandyfi, Ceredigion, (ca. ... Jump to: navigation, search Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... Events King Stephen of England dies at Dover, and is succeeded by his adopted son Henry Plantagenet who becomes King Henry II of England, aged 21. ... Jump to: navigation, search Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ...


In 1162, Rhys took advantage of Henry's absence in Normandy to attempt to recover some of his lost lands, and captured Llandovery castle. The followingh year Henry II led an invasion of Deheubarth. Rhys was obliged to surrender and was forced to give hostages before being taken to England as a prisoner. Jump to: navigation, search // Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Jump to: navigation, search Mont Saint Michel is a historic pilgrimage site and a symbol of Normandy Normandy is a geographical region in northern France. ... Llandovery (Welsh: Llanymddyfri) is a market town in Carmarthenshire, Wales, lying on the River Tywi. ...


After a short period Henry decided to free Rhys and return part of his territorry, the Cantref Mawr. Rhys was summoned to appear before Henry at Woodstock to do homage together with Owain Gwynedd and Malcolm, king of Scotland. However in 1164 all the Welsh princes united in an uprising, leading to an invasion of Wales by King Henry in 1165. The invasion failed, and Henry vented his spleen on the hostages, having Rhys' son Maredudd blinded. Rhys captured and burned Cardigan castle and reclaimed Ceredigion. Timeline of Scottish history Caledonia List of not fully sovereign nations Subdivisions of Scotland National parks (Scotland) Traditional music of Scotland Flower of Scotland Wars of Scottish Independence National Trust for Scotland Historic houses in Scotland Castles in Scotland Museums in Scotland Abbeys and priories in Scotland Gardens in Scotland... Jump to: navigation, search // Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Events November 23 - Pope Alexander III enters Rome. ... Cardigan could refer to any of the following: the cardigan sweater Cardigan, a town in Wales Cardiganshire, a Welsh county Cardigan, an electoral district in Canada the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, a breed of dog Lord Cardigan, charge of the Light Brigade The Cardigans, a Swedish pop group This is a...


In 1167 he joined Owain Gwynedd in an attack on Owain Cyfeiliog of southern Powys and in 1168 attacked the Normans at Builth, destroying its castle. After the death of Owain Gwynedd in 1170 Rhys was the acknowledged leader of the Welsh princes and called himself "Prince of South Wales". Jump to: navigation, search Events Taira no Kiyomori becomes the first samurai to be appointed Daijo Daijin, chief minister of the government of Japan Peter of Blois becomes the tutor of William II of Sicily Absalon, archbishop of Denmark, leads the first Danish synod at Lund Absalon fortifies Copenhagen William... Jump to: navigation, search Owain ap Gruffydd (c. ... Jump to: navigation, search The Kingdom of Powys was one of several kingdoms that ruled a part of modern Wales. ... Events December 22 - Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. ... Builth Wells (Welsh: Llanfair ym Muallt) is a town in Powys, traditional county of Brecknockshire, mid Wales, lying on the River Wye. ...


Peace with King Henry

In 1171 Rhys met Henry II at Newnham and came to an agreement with him. Rhys had to pay a tribute but was confirmed in all his conquests. When Henry's sons rebelled against him in 1173 Rhys sent his son Hywel to aid the king, then in 1174 personally led an army to Staffordshire to help extinguish the rebellion. Rhys was named Justiciar of South Wales, and although there were problems with the Marcher lords, relations with Henry remained good. // Events Saladin abolishes the Fatimid caliphate, restoring Sunni rule in Egypt. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Events Vietnam is given the official name of Annam by China. ...


Later reign and death

After Henry's death in 1189, Rhys was again active, revolting against Richard I and attacking the Norman lords surrounding his territory, capturing the castles of St. Clear's, Laugharne and Llanstephan. In his later years Rhys had trouble keeping control of his sons, particularly Maelgwn and Gruffydd, who maintained a feud with each other. In 1194 Rhys was defeated in battle by Maelgwn and Hywel, who imprisoned him in Nevern castle, though Hywel later released his father. Jump to: navigation, search Events January 21 - Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade September 3- Richard I of England is crowned as king of England. ... Jump to: navigation, search Richard I (September 8, 1157 – April 6, 1199) was King of England from 1189 to 1199. ... Laugharne (Welsh: Talacharn) is a town in Carmarthenshire, Wales, lying on the estuary of the River Taf. ... Jump to: navigation, search Maelgwn ap Rhys (c. ... Events November 20 - Palermo falls to Henry VI, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire December 25 - Henry VI is crowned king of Sicily. ...


Rhys launched his last campaign against the Normans in 1196 in an attack which led to the capture of a number of castles, including Carmarthen, Radnor and Painscastle. The following year Rhys died unexpectedly and was buried in the cathedral of St David's. Events Spring, London, popular uprising of the poor against the rich led by William Fitz Osbern. ... Jump to: navigation, search Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ... Radnor may refer to: Radnor Township, Pennsylvania Radnorshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... St Davids (Welsh: TÅ·ddewi) is the smallest city in the United Kingdom, with a population of under 2,000 people. ...


He was succeeded by his son Gruffydd ap Rhys.


References

  • Roger Turvey (1997). The Lord Rhys: Prince of Deheubarth, Gomer. ISBN 1-85-902430-0.

External link

  • Rhys ap Gruffydd

  Results from FactBites:
 
The Lord Rhys (304 words)
The Lord Rhys (in Welsh, "Yr Arglwydd Rhys") is the title given to Rhys ap Gruffydd (about 1132-1197), ruler of Deheubarth[?], by King Henry II of England.
Rhys was one of the more successful and powerful Welsh princes, but even he was forced to acknowledge English supremacy, and did so by accepting the title of "Lord" rather than "Prince" or "King".
Rhys was the youngest son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, a prince of Deheubarth, and of Gwenllian[?], a sister of Owain Gwynedd.
Rhys ap Gruffydd - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (437 words)
Rhys ap Gruffydd (1132–1197) was the ruler of the kingdom of Deheubarth (South Wales) from 1155 until his death.
Rhys was the youngest son of Gruffydd ap Rhys, a prince of Deheubarth, and of Gwenllian ferch Gruffydd, a sister of Owain Gwynedd.
Rhys found it difficult to maintain his position, and was obliged to enter into a protracted struggle against the Norman lord, William de Braose.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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